Wednesday, 16 March 2016

March 16, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Tatyana and Anastasija!

180 years ago

Politics and government
The Republic of Texas approved a constitution.

170 years ago

Politics and government
Charles Cathcart, Lord Cathcart was appointed Governor General of the Province of Canada; he served from May 24, 1846-January 29, 1847.

110 years ago

The Prairie Crocus became the floral emblem of Manitoba.

100 years ago

Born on this date
. Indian actor. D.K. Sapru was a character actor in Hindi films such as Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (1962); Heer Raanjha (1970); and Pakeezah (1975). He died in 1979 at the age of 63.

Mercedes McCambridge. U.S. actress. Miss McCambridge won the Academy Award for her supporting performance in All the King's Men (1949) and was nominated in the same category for Giant (1956). She died on March 2, 2004, two weeks before her 88th birthday.

The 7th and 10th U.S. cavalry regiments under General John J. Pershing crossed the U.S.–Mexican border to join the hunt for Mexican revolutionary leader Pancho Villa.

Canada signed the Migratory Bird Treaty with the United States; the treaty was largely due the work of conservationist Jack Miner.

90 years ago

The first liquid-fuel rocket was successfully launched by Professor Robert Goddard at Auburn, Massachusetts. The rocket travelled 184 feet in 2.5 seconds.

Stanley Cup
Saskatoon 0 @ Victoria 1 (OT) (Victoria won 2-game total goals series 4-3)

The Cougars scored at 8:10 of overtime to defeat the Sheiks.

80 years ago

Warmer-than-normal temperatures rapidly melted snow and ice on the upper Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, leading to a major flood in Pittsburgh.

75 years ago

The German raiders Scharnhorst and Gniesenau sank 16 ships in two days. German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler said in a speech that "no power or aid in the world" could save the United Kingdom from defeat.

The U.S. Navy Department announced that two American light cruisers and four destroyers were paying a three-day goodwill visit to Auckland, New Zealand.

U.S. Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray, after conferring with U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, agreed to a mediation board to settle defense strikes.

62 people died in a blizzard that swept North Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan.

5 people were killed and 114 injured when a Pennsylvania Railroad passenger train plunged into the Ohio River near Baden, Pennslvania.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Maximilien Bloksiji
. Dutch traitor. Mr. Bloksiji was executed by firing squad in The Hague for making propaganda broadcasts for the Nazis during World War II. It was the first execution in Holland since 1854.

Former Nazi Reichsmarschall Hermann Goering, testifying at his war crimes trial in Nuremberg, attempted to exonerate seven of his fellow defendants by picturing them as "yes men" and lackeys of the real top Nazi leaders, Fuehrer Adolf Hitler and himself.

In a message addressed to U.S. President Harry Truman, Vietnamese President Ho Chi Minh requested American recognition of his government.

The U.S. Senate Atomic Energy Committee voted to give the President direct control over the production of atomic bombs.

Texas Attorney General Grover Sellers ruled that the University of Texas could bar Negroes from admission as long as adequate training was provided at public expense elsewhere in the state.

John Dick's headless, armless and legless torso was found on Hamilton Mountain in Hamilton, Ontario, leading to the sensational trial of his wife Evelyn. She was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.

Francisco Segura of Ecuador won the U.S. indoor championship over Don McNeill in New York City.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): It's Almost Tomorrow--The Dream Weavers

50 years ago

The United States launched Gemini 8, with a crew of Neil Armstrong (Command Pilot) and David Scott (Pilot) from Cape Kennedy, Florida. The Gemini craft accomplished the first successful docking in space, with an Agena craft that that been launched earlier, but a faulty thruster in the Gemini craft caused the spacecraft to spin rapidly. Mr. Armstrong fired the re-entry rockets to regain control of the spacecraft, but according to mission rules, that meant the end of the mission, and the crew were forced to make a premature splashdown in the Pacific Ocean. See articles here and here, and videos here and here:

Russian dogs returned to Earth after 22 days aboard the satellite Cosmos 110.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson signed legislation authorizing U.S. participation in the Asian Bank.

Calvin Woodland (9-4) won a unanimous 6-round decision over Willie Pep (229-11-1) in a featherweight bout at City Arena in Richmond, Virginia, ending the professional career of the former world champion after more than 25 years.

40 years ago

On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Monday is Forever

It's Arbor Day, Charlie Brown, on CBS

This was the 15th prime time Peanuts animated special, and the last to feature music by Vince Guaraldi; he died of a heart attack on February 6, 1976 at the age of 47, hours after completing his work for the program. The first Canadian broadcast of It's Arbor Day, Charlie Brown was on CBC on March 22, 1976.

Politics and government
Harold Wilson, British Labour Party leader for 13 years and Prime Minister for almost eight, announced his resignation for personal reasons, five days after his 60th birthday.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: West End Girls--Pet Shop Boys (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Jeanny--Falco (9th week at #1)

Politics and government
French Premier Laurent Fabius, a Socialist, resigned as a result of the day’s elections, in which rightist parties captured a plurality of seats in the National Assembly.

In a nationally-televised address, U.S. President Ronald Reagan appealed for public support for aid to the Contras in Nicaragua, warning that the Contras needed help "to deal with Russian tanks and gunships." In his rebuttal, U.S. Senator Jim Sasser (Democrat--Tennessee) said that the U.S. had not exhausted its diplomatic opportunities, and that many of the Contra leaders had been members of the hated National Guard under deposed dictator Anastasio Somoza.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Do the Bartman--The Simpsons

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Oh Yeah!--Kazumasa Oda (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Crazy--Seal

#1 single in France (SNEP): Wind of Change--Scorpions (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Liefde voor muziek--Raymond van het Groenewoud

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Should I Stay or Should I Go/Rush--The Clash/Big Audio Dynamite II (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Someday--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Someday--Mariah Carey
2 One More Try--Timmy -T-
3 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston
4 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
5 All This Time--Sting
6 Show Me the Way--Styx
7 Where Does My Heart Beat Now--Celine Dion
8 This House--Tracie Spencer
9 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
10 Waiting for Love--Alias

Singles entering the chart were Rhythm of My Heart by Rod Stewart (#55) and Voices that Care by Voices that Care (#75); She Talks to Angels by the Black Crowes (#86); and You Don't Have to Go Home Tonight by the Triplets (#87).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Someday--Mariah Carey
2 All This Time--Sting
3 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston
4 Wicked Game--Chris Isaak
5 Show Me the Way--Styx
6 Waiting for Love--Alias
7 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
8 Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams
9 Waiting for that Day--George Michael
10 How Long Can a Man Be Strong--The Jeff Healey Band

Singles entering the chart were Hold You Tight by Tara Kemp (#55); I'll Be by Your Side by Stevie B (#64); Habits of the Night by Diamond Life (#83); Come in from the Cold by Joni Mitchell (#93); Losing My Religion by R.E.M. (#95); Dream Away by the Northern Pikes (#97); Call it Poison by Escape Club (#98); and The Last to Know by Celine Dion (#99).

World events
Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, in an implicit declaration of secession from Yugoslavia, announced that Serbia would no longer recognize the legitimacy of the Yugoslav federal government. Two more people resigned from the collective presidency of Yugoslavia.

Los Angeles 4 Calgary 3

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): One of Us--Joan Osborne

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Children--Robert Miles (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Aon Focal Eile--Richie Kavanagh

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): How Deep is Your Love--Take That (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (16th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy
2 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
3 Not Gon' Cry--Mary J. Blige
4 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men
5 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly (featuring Ronald Isley and Ernie Isley)
6 Wonderwall--Oasis
7 Til I Hear it from You/Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
8 Be My Lover--La Bouche
9 Missing--Everything But the Girl
10 Hook--Blues Traveler

Singles entering the chart were Peaches by the Presidents of the United States of America (#40); Because You Loved Me by Celine Dion (#41); Do You Want To by Xscape (#55); 1,2,3,4 (Sumpin’ New) by Coolio (#61); Only Happens When it Rains by Garbage (#80); and Woo-Hah!! (Got You All in Check) by Busta Rhymes (#82).

Mike Tyson (44-1) regained the World Boxing Council world heavyweight title with a technical knockout of Frank Bruno (40-5) 50 seconds into the 3rd of a scheduled 12 rounds at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas. Mr. Tyson had previously held the title from 1986-1990.

The Montreal Canadiens defeated the New York Rangers in their first game at Molson Centre in Montreal.

10 years ago

The album You Don't Know Me: The Songs of Cindy Walker by Willie Nelson was released on Lost Highway records. Miss Walker died a week later at the age of 87.

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