Wednesday, 9 March 2016

March 9, 2016

175 years ago


The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the 35 surviving slaves aboard the Spanish ship Amistad, who had ended up in the United States after revolting against their captors, were free.

125 years ago

Born on this date
José P. Laurel
. 3rd President of the Philippines, 1943-1945. Mr. Laurel, a member of the Nacionalista Party, held various offices from the 1920s through the 1950s. He was President of the Second Philippine Republic, a Japanese puppet state during World War II. Mr. Laurel died on November 6, 1959 at the age of 68.

110 years ago

Miners at the Galt Coal Mine in Lethbridge, Alberta began a strike that lasted until December 2, 1906.

Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa led nearly 500 Mexican raiders in an attack against the border town of Columbus, New Mexico.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Mikao Usui, 60
. Japanese spiritual leader. Mr. Usui, a Buddhist monk, founded Reiki, a healing technique in which the healer places hands on the person to be healed; the palms then transfer "universal energy" to the one being healed. Mr. Ususi died of a stroke.

80 years ago

Idiot's Delight, written by Robert E. Sherwood, directed by Bretaigne Windust, and starring Alfred Lunt, Lynn Fontanne, Sydney Greenstreet, and Francis Compton, opened for a tryout at the National Theatre in Washington, D.C. before opening on Broadway 15 days later.

75 years ago

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Adventure of Shoscombe Old Place

This was the last episode of the season.

The Japanese government announced that Japanese forces had withdrawn from the entire south coast of the Chinese province of Kwangtung, having achieved their objective. The Vichy French regime announced that a peace conference in Tokyo had reached a full accord on the Indochina-Thailand frontier dispute.

The Vichy regime said that France would defend her African colonies alone and in conformity with armistice agreements with Germany.

The British government of Prime Minister Winston Churchill again rejected former U.S. President Herbert Hoover's plan to feed Belgians, saying it would only "prolong the war."

Politics and government
Chinese Nationalists reported that Communists had requested more political power; Premier Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek accused the Communists of fomenting disunion.

Paul Porter, Arthur C. McDowell, and Leonard Woodcock resigned from the U.S. Socialist Party's national executive committee in protest against party leader Norman Thomas's opposition to Lend-Lease.

33 members of the faculties of City College of New York and Brooklyn College who were accused of Communism denounced the legislative Rapp-Coudert inquiry as unfair and part of a drive to "plunge" the United States into "the imperialist war."

Toni Matt won the U.S. national combined championship at Aspen, Colorado.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra

Truckline Cafe, written by Maxwell Anderson, directed by Harold Clurman, and co-produced by Mr. Clurman and Elia Kazan, closed at the Belasco Theatre on Broadway in New York City after just 13 performances. The cast included Marlon Brando, Karl Malden, Kevin McCarthy, and Virginia Gilmore.

Three dozen Dutch battalions arrived in batavia to relieve British and Indian troops fighting against Indonesian nationalists.

The Chinese government in Chungking reported that Soviet troops were evacuating Mukden, turning over their garrison duties to Chinese Nationalist forces.

Politics and government
Pro Soviet Finnish Prime Minister Juho Paasikivi was elected President of Finland by Parliament.

U.S. Representative Hatton Summers (Democrat--Texas) announced that he would not seek re-election after 33 years in Congress.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman told the 34-nation International Monetary Conference in Wilmington Island, Georgia that the Bretton Woods Agreement was the cornerstone of a sound new economic world.

Western Union Telegraph Company revealed the development of the "concentrated arc lamp," which would be used for optical devices, photography, and medical research.

33 people were killed and hundreds injured in a crush of fans attempting to enter Burnden park in Bolton, England for a football match between the home Bolton Wanderers and Stoke City.

Robert Grant III defeated Robert Gerry, Jr. to win the U.S. national amateur court title.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Memories are Made of This--Dean Martin (4th week at #1)

World events
British authorities ordered the deportation of Greek Cypriot leader Archbishop Makarios from Cyprus in the hope of restoring law and order to the island. Archbishop Makarios was deported to the Seychelle Islands.

Soviet forces suppressed mass demonstrations in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, reacting to U.S.S.R. leader Nikita Khrushchev's de-Stalinization policy.

50 years ago

Died on this date
Aaron Robinson, 50
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Robinson was a catcher with the New York Yankees (1943, 1945-1947); Chicago White Sox (1948); Detroit Tigers (1949-1951); and Boston Red Sox (1951), batting .260 with 61 home runs and 272 runs batted in in 610 games. He was with the Yankees when they won the World Series in 1947 and started the season as their regular catcher, but was gradually replaced by Yogi Berra. Mr. Robinson died of testicular cancer.

40 years ago

On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Pilot: The Best Years

As tht title indicates, this was the pilot episode of the series, and the first to be broadcast.

A line supporting a cable car snapped, killing 42 people, including children, in the Dolomite mountains in northern Italy.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: West End Girls--Pet Shop Boys (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Jeanny--Falco (8th week at #1)

The Soviet probe Vega 2 got within 5,125 miles of the nucleus of Halley’s Comet. Like Vega 1, which had come within 5,600 miles on March 6, the vehicle was damaged by dust particles and by chunks of debris as large as a fist.

NASA announced that the crew cabin of the U.S. space shuttle Challenger, which had exploded shortly after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, Florida on January 28 and killed all seven astronauts aboard, had been found in 100 feet of water.

The Ed Lukowich rink, representing Alberta, scored a point in the 10th end to defeat Russ Howard's Ontario rink 4-3 in the final of the Labatt Brier at Kitchener Memorial Auditorium in Kitchener, Ontario. Mr. Lukowich had previously won the Brier in 1978.

New Jersey 3 @ Buffalo 4
Gilbert Perreault of the Sabres scored his 500th career goal in their victory over the Devils at War Memorial Auditorium.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Oh Yeah!--Kazumasa Oda (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Wicked Game--Chris Isaak (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Wind of Change--Scorpions

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Crazy--Seal (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Should I Stay or Should I Go/Rush--The Clash/Big Audio Dynamite II

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Someday--Mariah Carey

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 One More Try--Timmy -T-
2 Someday--Mariah Carey
3 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston
4 Where Does My Heart Beat Now--Celine Dion
5 All This Time--Sting
6 Show Me the Way--Styx
7 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
8 Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams
9 The First Time--Surface
10 This House--Tracie Spencer

Singles entering the chart were Here We Go by C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams and Zelma Davis (#69); Highwire by the Rolling Stones (#76); More Than Ever by Nelson (#78); In Your Arms by Little Caesar (#82); Baby’s Coming Back by Jellyfish (#83); Temple of Love by Harriet (#86); Deep, Deep Trouble by the Simpsons (#87); Made Up My Mind by Safire (#88); I Touch Myself by Divinyls (#89); and Alice Everyday by Book of Love (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 All This Time--Sting
2 Someday--Mariah Carey
3 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston
4 Show Me the Way--Styx
5 Wicked Game--Chris Isaak
6 Waiting for Love--Alias
7 Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams
8 How Long Can a Man Be Strong--The Jeff Healey Band
9 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
10 Don’t Hold Back Your Love--Daryl Hall John Oates

Singles entering the chart were Trust Yourself by Blue Rodeo (#39); Joyride by Roxette (#46); Little Bones by the Tragically Hip (#59); Mercy Mercy Me/I Want You by Robert Palmer (#72); State of the World by Janet Jackson (#76); Easier to Walk Away by Elton John (#77); Take it All by the Outfield (#82); Always Twenty-One by Myles Hunter (#83); Good Texan by the Vaughan Brothers (#88); and Tears in the River by the Bookroom (#99).

Died on this date
Jim Hardin, 47
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Hardin played with the Baltimore Orioles (1967-1971); New York Yankess (1971); and Atlanta Braves (1972), compiling a record of 43-32 with an earned run average of 3.18 in 164 games. His best season was 1968, when he was 18-13 with a 2.51 ERA. Mr. Hardin batted just .103 with 3 home runs and 17 runs batted in, but his second major league home run was a game-winning homer in the bottom of the 9th inning in 1969. Arm troubles shorted Mr. Hardin's career. He became a pilot, and was killed, along wit his two passengers, in a plane crash in Key West, Florida when a propeller failed; it was reported that Mr. Hardin steered the plane to make sure to avoid coming down on a field where children were playing baseball.

World events
The final draft of the treaty designed to preserve the Soviet Union was published. It proposed to transform the nation into a "democratic state, formed as a result of a voluntary union of equal republics," from which any republic could secede. Russian President Boris Yeltsin urged democratic forces to "declare war on the leadership...which has led us into a quagmire."

At least 30,000 people, mostly university students and young workers, took to the streets of Belgrade in an effort to oust the Serbian government of President Slobodan Milosevic, who ruled through the Serbian Socialist (formerly Communist) Party. Two people were killed in clashes with security forces, and police began to make arrests.

U.S. Secretary of State James Baker, meeting with Kuwaiti officials, obtained promises that the emirate would move toward a democracy.

Politics and government
The Quebec Liberal Party adopted the Allaire report, calling for the government of Canada to relinquish broad powers to the province, as its platform. The platform, which outraged many pro-federalist members of the party, was adopted by a large majority of the 2,500 delegates present.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Boombastic--Shaggy (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Children--Robert Miles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): How Deep is Your Love--Take That (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): How Deep is Your Love--Take That

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (15th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Not Gon' Cry--Mary J. Blige
2 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy
3 Missing--Everything But the Girl
4 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men
5 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
6 Be My Lover--La Bouche
7 Exhale (Shoop Shoop)--Whitney Houston
8 Til I Hear it from You/Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
9 Wonderwall--Oasis
10 Jesus to a Child--George Michael

Singles entering the chart were Where Do U Want Me to Put It by Solo (#53); Lucky Love by Ace of Base (#60); Ain't No Playa Like... by Rappin’ 4-Tay (#66); Doin' It by LL Cool J (#67); and A Thin Line Between Love and Hate by H-Town (#83).

Died on this date
George Burns, 100
. U.S. comedian and actor. Mr. Burns, born Nathan Birnbaum, and his wife Gracie Allen were a popular comedy team on radio and television from the 1930s through the 1950s. Miss Allen died in 1964, and Mr. Burns carried on as an individual performer. His Academy Award winning supporting performance in The Sunshine Boys (1975) opened a new career for him in movies. Mr. Burns starred in the movie Oh, God! (1977) and its sequels, and remained a popular entertainer until his death. Mr. Burns booked the London Palladium for his 100th birthday many years in advance; although he lived long enough, he was too ill to make the date, and died exactly seven weeks after rachng the century mark. This blogger saw Mr. Burns in concert at the O'Keefe Centre in Toronto on June 21, 1992.

This blogger was in attendance with enjoyable female company to see the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra perform at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium. Violinist Young Uck Kim was the guest soloist, and the concert closed with Finlandia by Jean Sibelius.

World events
The last of five Serb suburbs in Bosnia were handed over to the Muslim-Croat federation; only 7,000 of an estimated 70,000 Serbs remained in the area. Many of the abandoned homes were looted and burned.

Toronto 4 Calgary 3

10 years ago

Died on this date
John Profumo, 91
. U.K. politician. Mr. Profumo, a Conservative, was a member of the House of Commons from 1940-1945 and 1950-1963. He was Secretary of State for War in the cabinet of Prime Minister Harold Macmillan from 1960 until it was revealed that he had had an affair with Chritsine Keeler, a 19-year-old call girl. Mr. Profumo initially denied the affair, and then resigned from politics when it turned out that he had lied to the House. He spent his later years quietly doing charitable work.

Tom Fox, 54. U.S. peace activist. Mr. Fox, a Quaker, was affiliated with Christian Peacemaker Teams, and was in Iraq when he and three other CPT activists were kidnapped. He was tortured and murdered, and his body was found on a garbage heap in Baghdad.

Laura Stoica, 38. Romanian singer and actress. Miss Stoica was a popular recording star in Romania from the early 1990s until her death, with her fiance, in a car accident.

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