Wednesday, 30 March 2016

March 30, 2016

1,900 years ago
116


Died on this date
Quirinus of Neuss
. Roman Christian martyr. Quirinus, according to legend, was a tribune who was ordered by Emperor Trajan to execute Alexander, Eventius, and Theodolus, but who converted to Christianity after witnessing miracles by the three men. Quirinius was then decapitated and buried in a catacomb; he's considered a saint in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches.

160 years ago
1856


War
The Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the Crimean War.

100 years ago
1916


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals @ Montreal Arena
Portland Rosebuds (PCHA) 1 @ Montreal Canadiens (NHA) 2 (Montreal won best-of-five series 3-2)

Tommy Dunderdale scored to give the Rosebuds a 1-0 lead, but Skene Ronan scored to tie the game, and George Prodgers scored the winning goal to give the Canadiens their first Stanley Cup championship.

90 years ago
1926


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals @ Montreal Forum
Victoria Cougars (WHL) 0 @ Montreal Maroons (NHL) 3 (Montreal led best-of-five series 1-0)

Clint Benedict posted the shutout in goal for the Maroons as they blanked the defending champion Cougars.

75 years ago
1941


War
French shore batteries in Algeria opened fire on a British naval squadron after it halted a French convoy of four merchant ships proceeding from Casablanca to Oran. Armed U.S. Coast Guardsmen seized 35 Danish, 28 Italian, and 2 German merchant vessels in Atlantic, Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Mediterranean ports under the 1917 Espionage Act after 26 of the Italian ships and one of the German vessels were sabotaged by their crews. 1940 Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie warned in a radio address that if the Axis won the European War, the United States would become an armed camp and lose its own liberties.

World events
Local press in Guayaquil, Ecuador charged that Japs who controlled petroleum concessions near Esmeralda were engaging in anti-government activities and interfering in local politics.

Labour
Members of the Congress of Industrial Organizations Farm Equipment Workers voted in Chicago to end their two-month strike at four International Harvester Company plants and submit their dispute to the National Defense Mediation Board. The strike at the Bethlehem Steel plant in Johnstown, Pennsylvania was settled.

Medicine
Dr. Frank Adair, chairman of the American Society for the Control of Cancer, reported a 30% increase in cures of operable breast cancer from 1920-1935.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)

War
The government of the Netherlands East Indies announced that Dutch and Indonesian leaders were close to agreement on Indonesian demands and that negotiations would be transferred to The Hague.

World events
U.S. occupation headquarters in Frankfurt announced the arrest of 800 Germans in the American and British zones of Austria and Germany in Operation Nursery, a campaign against efforts to revive the Hitler Youth organization.

The government of Ecuador suppressed a revolutionary plot believed to be led by former dictator General Alberto Enriquez.

Space
Dr. Donald Menzel of Harvard University presented a theory explaining the energy production of giant red stars in terms of nuclear fusion.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor reported a membership of 6,931,221 and a treasury of $2,087,021 as of August 31, 1945.

Opera
The Metropolitan Opera Guild announced that a poll of 123,000 fadio listeners showed there favourite operas to be Aida; Carmen; La Traviata; Hansel and Gretel; and Boris Goudenov.

Sport
In the first official Thames River crew race since 1939, the University of Oxford defeated Cambridge University by 3 lengths.

Swimming
NCAA championships @ New Haven, Connecticut
Ohio State University won the national championship.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 3 @ Montreal 4 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Rocket Richard scored 9:08 into overtime to give the Canadiens their win over the Bruins at the Montreal Forum.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr with the Hugo Winterhalter Orchestra

Died on this date
Edmund Clerihew Bentley, 80
. U.K. author and poet. Mr. Bentley was known for the novel Trent's Last Case (1913), and for a type of humourous biographical poetry that became known as the clerihew, named in his honour.

50 years ago
1966


Politics and government
Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd led his National Party to another majority in the South African general election, capturing 105 seats in the 170-seat House of Assembly. The United Party, led by De Villiers Graaff, finished second, winning 49 seats.

Baseball
Sandy Koufax and Don Drysdale, the star pitching tandem of the World Series champion Los Angeles Dodgers, ended a 32-day double holdout, signing with the club for an estimated $135,000 each for 1966. Mr. Koufax had won the Cy Young Award as the major leagues' most outstanding pitcher in 1965, posting a 26-8 record with an earned run average of 2.04, pitching a perfect game, and leading the National League in wins; winning percentage; ERA; innings pitched; complete games; and setting a major league record for strikeouts in a season with 382, while going 2-1 with a 0.38 ERA in helping the Dodgers defeat the Minnesota Twins 4 games to 3 in the World Series. Mr. Drysdale was 23-12 with a 2.78 ERA in 1965, and was 1-1 with a 3.86 ERA in 2 World Series games. He also batted .300 with 7 home runs and 19 runs batted in in 1965.

40 years ago
1976


On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: A Right and Proper Goodbye

Protest
The first Land Day protests were held in Israel/Palestine.

Health
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau announced plans to immunize about 12 million Canadians against "swine flu" in the autumn of 1976. The "epidemic" turned out be a non-event, and the vaccine was never used.

Hockey
NHL
Los Angeles 8 @ Kansas City 6

The Scouts' loss to the Kings at Kemper Arena extended their winless streak to 24 games--one game short of the league record established by the Washington Capitals earlier in the season--and was the last National Hockey League game ever played in Kansas City. The franchise moved to Denver after the season and became the Colorado Rockies to begin the 1976-77 season.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Rock Me Amadeus--Falco (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Ohne dich (schlaf ich heut Nacht nicht ein)--Münchener Freiheit

Died on this date
James Cagney, 86
. U.S. actor. Mr. Cagney won the Academy Award for Best Actor for portraying entertainer George M. Cohan in Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942), but was best known for playing gangsters in movies such as The Public Enemy (1931); Angels with Dirty Faces (1938); The Roaring Twenties (1939); and White Heat (1949). He remains one of the most frequently-imitated actors.

Music
The Toronto-based a capella quartet The Nylons--consisting of Claude Morrison, Marc Connors, Arnold Robinson and Paul Cooper--won the best singer award and a cash prize of $7,000 at the 15th annual Tokyo Music Festival.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Sucker DJ--Dimples D. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Oh Yeah!--Kazumasa Oda (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Because I Love You (The Postman Song)--Stevie B

#1 single in France (SNEP): Wind of Change--Scorpions (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Liefde voor muziek--Raymond van het Groenewoud (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
2 Someday--Mariah Carey
3 One More Try--Timmy -T-
4 This House--Tracie Spencer
5 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
6 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
7 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
8 State of the World--Janet Jackson
9 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston
10 Get Here--Oleta Adams

Singles entering the chart were Losing My Religion by R.E.M. (#76); Step On (’91 Remix) by Happy Mondays (#79); What Comes Naturally (#86) by Sheena Easton; Word of Mouth by Mike + the Mechanics (#87); Another Like My Lover by Jasmine Guy; Here I Am (Come and Take Me) by UB40 (#89); and Wrap My Body Tight by Johnny Gill (#100).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Someday--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
2 All This Time--Sting
3 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
4 Waiting for Love--Alias
5 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
6 Wicked Game--Chris Isaak
7 Rescue Me--Madonna
8 Joyride--Roxette
9 Waiting for that Day--George Michael
10 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat

Singles entering the chart included I Will Be Here by Steve Winwood (#79); Call Me and I’ll Be There by Rita MacNeil (#87); If You Lean on Me by Colin James (#88); and Word of Mouth by Mike + the Mechanics (#99).

War
Iraqi government forces recaptured Kirkuk from Kurdish rebels, and hundreds of thousands of Kurds were reported fleeing to the mountains.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 4 Quebec 3

Basketball
NCAA
Men’s championship semi-finals @ Hoosier Dome, Indianapolis
Duke 79 Nevada at Las Vegas 77

Christian Laettner scored 18 points to lead the Blue Devils to an upset win, ending the Runnin’ Rebels’ winning streak at 45 games, and advancing to the final against the University of Kansas Jayhawks.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): One of Us--Joan Osborne (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): La terra dei cachi--Elio e le Storie Tese

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Children--Robert Miles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Aon Focal Eile--Richie Kavanagh (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Firestarter--The Prodigy

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
2 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
3 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
4 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
5 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly (featuring Ronald Isley and Ernie Isley)
6 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy
7 Til I Hear it from You/Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
8 Lady--D’Angelo
9 Not Gon' Cry--Mary J. Blige
10 Real Love--The Beatles

Singles entering the chart were Always Be My Baby; Real Love; Count on Me by Whitney Houston and CeCe Winans (#35); Renee by Lost Boyz (#65); Release Me by Angelina (#68); Give Me One Reason by Tracy Chapman (#76); Funkorama by Redman (#79); Can't Get You Off My Mind by Lenny Kravitz (#88); and Have I Never by Few Good Men (#89).

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 Edmonton 3

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Red Hickey, 89
. U.S. football player and coach. Howard Wayne Hickey was an end with the Pittsburgh Steelers (1941) and Cleveland/Los Angeles Rams (1945-1948); he was a member of the Rams during their last season in Cleveland, when they won the National Football League championship in 1945. Mr. Hickey was an assistant coach with the Rams frm 1949-1954 and San Francisco 49ers from 1955-1958. He became the 49ers' head coach in 1959, and introduced the shotgun offensive formation late in the 1960 season. The 49ers won their last 4 games in 1960 to finish with a 7-5 record, and started the 1961 season with a 4-1 record while alternating John Brodie, Billy Kilmer, and Bobby Waters at quarterback. The Chicago Bears devised a way to stop the shotgun, and defeated the 49ers 31-0; Mr. Hickey was unable to adjust, and the 49ers finished the season with a record of 7-6-1. The team was 6-8 in 1962, and Mr. Hickey resigned after 3 straight losses to open the 1963 season. He rejoined the Rams as a scout, and then joined the Dallas Cowboys in 1964, first as an assistant coach, and then for many years as a scout. Mr. Hickey finished his NFL career with a 27-27-1 record as a head coach.

Terrorism
The United Kingdom Terrorism Act 2006 became law.

American reporter Jill Carroll, a freelancer for The Christian Science Monitor, was released after 82 days as a hostage in Iraq.

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