Wednesday, 23 March 2016

March 23, 2016

100 years ago

Former world heavyweight champion Jack Johnson (56-9-9-3) scored a technical knockout of Frank Crozier (3-5) in the 7th round at Gran Teatro de Madrid. It was Mr. Johnson's first fight since losing the title to Jess Willard on April 5, 1915. Mr. Crozier quit after being knocked down several times, and Mr. Johnson wrestled with Mr. Crozier's nephew after the fight.

90 years ago

Stanley Cup
Montreal Maroons 3 @ Pittsburgh 3 (Montreal won 2-game total goals series 6-4)

75 years ago

German aircraft bombed Malta for the third straight day.

Japanese Foreign Minister Yōsuke Matsuoka stopped over in Moscow on his way to Berlin.

The Vichy French government authorized construction of a railroad across 1,500 miles of the Sahara Desert to link France's northern and Equatorial African possessions.

The Rapp-Coudert Committee investigating Communist activity in New York colleges reported to the New York state legislature that the New York college system should not be judged on the basis of the Communist activities exposed in recent weeks.

The eight-day Congress of Industrial Organizations strike at the Los Angeles plant of Harvill Aircraft Die Casting Corporation was settled.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Francisco Largo Caballero, 76
. Prime Minister of Spain, 1936-1937. Mr. Largo was a member of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), which formed part of the government of the Second Spanish Republic. He led the Marxist wing of the party, and took office as Prime Minister on September 4, 1936, several months into the Spanish Civil War. He was forced to resign on May 17, 1937, and was succeeded by fellow PSOE member Juan Negrín. When the Republic was defeated by the forces of Francisco Franco in 1939, Mr. Largo fled to France. He spent most of World War II in a Nazi concentration camp, but was liberated at the end of the war, and died in exile in Paris.

Gilbert Lewis, 70. U.S. chemist. Dr. Lewis was known for the discovery of the covalent bond and his concept of electron pairs. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize 35 times, but never won, while his rival Irving Langmuir had won the Nobel Prize in 1932. After having lunch with Dr. Langmuir, Dr. Lewis played a game of bridge and then went to his laboratory to work on an experiment with hydrogen cyanide. He was found dead, as broken lines had allowed deadly fumes into the room. The official cause of death was coronary artery disease, but many suspected suicide.

United Nations Secretary-General Trygve Lie named John B. Hutson of the United States as assistant Secretary-General in charge of administrative and financial services.

U.S. President Harry Truman named Averell Harriman as U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom.

Walter Reuther announced that he would run against R.J. Thomas for the presidency of the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Auto Workers.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): It's Almost Tomorrow--The Dream Weavers (2nd week at #1)

Pakistan became the first Islamic republic in the world. The anniversary is celebrated as Republic Day in Pakistan.

50 years ago

Archbishop of Canterbury Michael Ramsey visited Pope Paul VI at the Vatican, the first official meeting of the leaders of the Church of England and the Roman Catholic Church since 1534, when King Henry VIII of England had rejected papal authority and founded the Church of England.

40 years ago

On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: A Special Kind of Loving

Labatt Brewing Company acquired the rights to a new American League franchise in Toronto, to be called the "Blue Jays," and to begin play in 1977. The franchise was the second major league team in Canada, eight years after the Montreal Expos had joined the National League in 1969.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Rock Me Amadeus--Falco

#1 single in Switzerland: Burning Heart--Survivor

Three U.S. aircraft carriers and 27 warships assembled in the Mediterranean Sea off Libya and began conducting military exercises.

The Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda deplored the previous day’s U.S. underground nuclear test as a demonstration of "great contempt for world opinion."

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Sucker DJ--Dimples D.

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Oh Yeah!--Kazumasa Oda (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Crazy--Seal (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Wind of Change--Scorpions (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Liefde voor muziek--Raymond van het Groenewoud (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): The Stonk--Hale and Pace

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One More Try--Timmy -T-

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Someday--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 One More Try--Timmy -T-
3 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
4 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston
5 This House--Tracie Spencer
6 All This Time--Sting
7 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
8 Show Me the Way--Styx
9 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
10 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat

Singles entering the chart were Save Some Love by Keedy (#61); I Like the Way (The Kissing Game) by Hi-Five (#74); Silent Lucidity by Queensryche (#79); Heartbreak Station by Cinderella (#81); More than Words by Extreme (#87); One in a Million by Trixter (#88); How Much is Enough by the Fixx (#89); and My Heart is Failing Me by Riff (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Someday--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 All This Time--Sting
3 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
4 Wicked Game--Chris Isaak
5 Waiting for Love--Alias
6 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
7 Show Me the Way--Styx
8 Rescue Me--Madonna
9 Waiting for that Day--George Michael
10 Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C & C Music Company featuring Freedom Williams

Singles entering the chart were Highwire by the Rolling Stones (#34); Rhythm of My Heart by Rod Stewart (#37); I Gotta Go by Barney Bentall (#64); That's Freedom by John Farnham (#66); Heartbreak Station by Cinderella (#70); Baby Baby by Amy Grant (#75); Animal Heart by Glass Tiger (#79); Valentine by Nils Lofgren (#81); and Right Here, Right Now by Jesus Jones (#85).

Died on this date
Parkash Singh, 77
. Indian soldier. Major Singh was serving with the British Indian Army during World War II when he was awarded the Victoria Cross for driving off Japanese soldiers while aiding Indian comrades in combat on the Mayu Peninsula in Burma in Jaunary 1943. He died in London while undergoing heart surgery, eight days before his 78th birthday.

The Revolutionary United Front, with support from the special forces of Charles Taylor's National Patriotic Front of Liberia, invaded Sierra Leone in an attempt to overthrow Joseph Saidu Momoh, sparking the 11-year Sierra Leone Civil War.

Politics and government
British Prime Minister John Major outlined plans for a "citizen's charter" to maintain standards and improve "every part of the public services."

Economics and finance
Los Angeles Kings' owner Bruce McNall and centre Wayne Gretzky bought a rare 1910 Honus Wagner baseball card at auction at Sotheby's in New York for $451,000, breaking the record price of $115,000 in 1989 for another Honus Wagner card.

Los Angeles 8 @ Calgary 4
Winnipeg 3 Edmonton 0

Men's championship semi-finals
Alberta 5 Waterloo 4 (2 OT)

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): One of Us--Joan Osborne (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): How Deep is Your Love--Take That

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Children--Robert Miles

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Aon Focal Eile--Richie Kavanagh (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): How Deep is Your Love--Take That (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy (2nd week at #1)
2 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
3 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly (featuring Ronald Isley and Ernie Isley)
4 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
5 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men
6 Not Gon' Cry--Mary J. Blige
7 Til I Hear it from You/Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
8 Wonderwall--Oasis
9 Lady--D’Angelo
10 Ironic--Alanis Morissette

Singles entering the chart were Ironic; Keep On, Keepin' On by MC Lyte featuring Xscape (#62); Give Me...a Reason by Buffy (#78); High and Dry by Radiohead (#80); Scent of Attraction by Patra with Aaron Hall (#90); Stairway to Heaven by Pure Soul (#92); and Slow Jams by Quincy Jones featuring Babyface & Tamia with Portrait & Barry White (#93).

Politics and government
Incumbent President Lee Teng-hui, representing the Kuomintang, was elected President of Taiwan with Lien Chan as Vice President in the country's first direct presidential election. Mr. Lee took 54.0% of the vote to 21.1% for Democratic Progressive Party candidate Peng Ming‑min.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Cindy Walker, 87
. U.S. songwriter. Miss Walker had a brief career as a country singer, but was very successful writing songs for artists such as Bob Wills and his Texas Playboys, Jim Reeves, and Eddy Arnold. Her compositions included You Don't Know Me; Distant Drums; Dream Baby; and In the Misty Moonlight. Miss Walker was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1997.

Desmond Doss, 87. U.S. medic. Corporal Doss was a conscientious objector during World War II because of his Seventh-Day Adventist beliefs, but served as a medic in the United States Army, and became the first conscientious objector to be awarded the Medal of Honor, for risking his life to save wounded comrades during the Battle of Okinawa in 1945.

David Bleak, 74. U.S. soldier. Staff Sergeant Bleak was awarded the Medal of Honor for killing several Chinese soldiers and saving the lives of American soldiers during the Korean War on June 14, 1952.

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