Sunday, 28 February 2010

March 1, 2010

220 years ago
1790

Americana

The U.S. Congress authorized the first census of the United States.

200 years ago
1810

Born on this date
Frederic Chopin
. Polish-born composer. Both Poland and France, where Mr. Chopin spent much of his life, claim one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era as their own. His most famous works include Polonaise No. 6 in A Flat Major (Heroic); Preludes; Nocturnes Piano Concerto No. 1 in E Minor; and Piano Concerto No. 2 in F Major. He died in 1849 at the age of 39. To hear Sergei Rachmaninov playing Mr. Chopin's Nocturne in E Flat, No.2, Opus 9, go here.

60 years ago
1950

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Ben Wright and Eric Snowden, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Death in the Limelight

Crime
German-born Klaus Fuchs, regarded as one of Britain’s top atomic scientists, was sentenced to 14 years in prison for espionage on behalf of the U.S.S.R.

40 years ago
1970


Politics and government
The Socialist Party fell just short of a majority in parliamentary elections in Austria, winning 81 of 165 seats. The People’s Party won 79 seats, and the Freedom Party 5. Socialist leader Bruno Kreisky became Chancellor.

Diplomacy
French President Georges Pompidou continued his visit to the United States with a visit to New York.

30 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Crazy Little Thing Called Love--Queen (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Crazy Little Thing Called Love (2nd week at #1)
2 Longer--Dan Fogelberg
3 Yes, I’m Ready--Teri DeSario with K.C.
4 Cruisin’--Smokey Robinson
5 On the Radio--Donna Summer
6 Rock With You--Michael Jackson
7 Working My Way Back to You/Forgive Me, Girl--The Spinners
8 Desire--Andy Gibb
9 Coward of the County--Kenny Rogers
10 Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)--Pink Floyd

War
In the first major Soviet military move against Afghan rebels, Soviet and Afghan troops, backed by at least 50 helicopter gunships and 200 tanks, attacked rebel strongholds in the eastern province of Kunar. The offensive came during early spring in the area, which melted the heavy cover of snow in the valleys of the mountainous region.

World events
The United Nations Security Council voted unanimously to call on Israel to dismantle its settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Chief U.S. delegate Donald McHenry said that he had been told by Secretary of State Cyrus Vance to vote for the resolution if one particularly objectionable paragraph--paragraph 7, which implied criticism of Israel’s administration of the holy places in Jerusalem--and the language on dismantling the settlements had been deleted. Paragraph 7 was deleted, and Mr. McHenry suggested to Mr. Vance that he could deal with the other issue by making a statement about the language on dismantling the settlements. Believing that the resolution was in conformity with U.S. policy since the two issues had been dealt with, Mr. Vance advised President Jimmy Carter that it conformed to U.S. policy, and Mr. Carter authorized the vote without reading the text of the proposed resolution itself. Mr. McHenry voted for the resolution and read a statement that described the call for dismantling the existing settlements as "impractical." It was said that the U.S. had wanted to send Israel a signal of American unhappiness over Israel’s decision on February 10 to allow Jews to settle in the West Bank city of Hebron. Israel and Egypt were negotiating autonomy for Arabs on the West Bank when Israel made the decision to allow the Jewish settlement.

Politics and government
Former U.S. President Gerald Ford declared that former California Governor Ronald Reagan, the leading contender for the Republican party presidential nomination for 1980, could not win the election. Mr. Ford invited the party to ask him to run for president again, but the party did not respond.

Curling
Canadian Women’s Championship
Final
Saskatchewan 6 Nova Scotia 5

Hockey
NHL
Vancouver 5 Edmonton 2

25 years ago
1985


Hockey
NHL
Los Angeles 5 Edmonton 4

20 years ago
1990


Weather
It was 66 F. in Edmonton, warm enough for this blogger to wear shorts.

Law
The new Official Secrets Act went into effect in the U.K., making it an offense for any member, or former member, of the security services to disclose official information about their work. It was also an offense for a journalist to repeat any such disclosures.

Football
NFL
Agreeing to television deals that eventually furnished the league about $3.3 billion over the next four years ($30 million a team each year), the National Football League added two wild-card teams to its playoff format, introducing another round of playoff games and extending the season from the first week of September to the last week of January.

10 years ago
2000


Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright announced that the administration of President Bill Clinton would certify that Colombia and Mexico were cooperating in the fight against illegal drugs. Congress had required the administration to list cooperating countries each year, with those failing to meet the test subject to economic sanctions. In Colombia, cocaine production was increasing, but the U.S. hoped that $1.3 billion in U.S. aid would help reduce drug trafficking. Afghanistan and Myanmar, described by Mrs. Albright as "headquarters for the heroin business," were the only countries denied full certification.

Scandal
After an extensive internal investigation, the Los Angeles Police Department issued a report concluding that members of a police unit in a district west of downtown often behaved in ways that resembled the gangs they were targeting. The investigation had been kicked off by the confession of Rafael Perez, a former member of the Rampart unit, who had been sentenced to jail for stealing cocaine held as evidence and who described how police officers allegedly assaulted and framed innocent people. Discoveries of misconduct had by then cost 20 officers their jobs and caused about 40 convictions to be overturned.

Oddities
A woman in Mozambique gave birth to a girl in a treetop where she had lived for four days above raging flood waters that had forced about 1 million people from their homes.

Saturday, 27 February 2010

February 29 (2010)

170 years ago
1840

Born on this date

William H. Carney. U.S. soldier. Mr. Carney was born a slave in Virginia, but escaped to freedom through the Underground Railroad. As a member of the all-Negro Company C of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, Mr. Carney distinguished himself in the U.S. Civil War at the Battle of Fort Wagner, outside Charleston, South Carolina, on July 18, 1863, when despite being wounded four times, he made his way back to his unit carrying the flag, and proudly claimed that it never hit the ground. Although the Union forces lost the battle, the 54th was hailed for its courage, and Mr. Carney was promoted to sergeant. In 1900 he was finally awarded the Medal of Honor, becoming the first Negro soldier to win it. He died in an elevator accident at the Massachusetts State House in 1908, where he had been employed for 35 years.

70 years ago
1940

Movies

The Academy Awards for 1939 were handed out in Hollywood. Gone With the Wind won a then-record 10 Oscars: Picture; Director (Victor Fleming); Actress (Vivian Leigh); Supporting Actress (Hattie McDaniel); Screenplay (Sidney Howard); Cinematography--Color (Ernest Haller and Ray Rennahan); Art Direction (Lyle Wheeler); Film Editing (Hal Kern and James E. Newsom); a special award to William Cameron Menzies for his use of color; and a special technical award to Don Musgrave for pioneering the use of coordinated equipment in the production of Gone With the Wind. Max Steiner’s memorable original score for Gone With the Wind didn’t win; Herbert Stothart won for The Wizard of Oz. The Wizard of Oz also won for Original Song (Over the Rainbow, written by Harold Arlen and E.Y. Harburg), and Judy Garland won a special Oscar for outstanding juvenile performance. Robert Donat won the Best Actor Oscar for Goodbye, Mr. Chips, while Thomas Mitchell, who appeared in Gone With the Wind, won supporting actor honours for Stagecoach. Stagecoach also won for Score (Richard Hageman, Franke Harling, John Leipold, Louis Gruenberg, Leo Shuken). Other Oscars went to Wuthering Heights for Cinematography--Black and White (Gregg Toland); Mr. Smith Goes to Washington for Original Story (Lewis R. Foster); and The Rains Came for Special Effects (E.H. Hansen and Fred Sersen). David O. Selznick won the Irving C. Thalberg Memorial Award.

50 years ago
1960

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Theme from "A Summer Place"--Percy Faith and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sandy Mains!

Popular culture
Hugh Hefner opened the first Playboy Club in Chicago.

Disasters
An estimated 12,000 people were killed when an earthquake hit the Moroccan city of Agadir.

30 years ago
1980

Diplomacy

An aide to Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini told the United Nations commission investigating grievances against the deposed shah that they would be able to visit the hostages at the U.S. embassy.

Terrorism
The April 19 Movement guerrillas occupying the Dominican Republic’s embassy in Colombia freed the last five female hostages.

Economics and finance
Strong support in the United States Congress for balancing the 1981 federal budget was reported. Rep. Robert Giaimo (Democrat--Connecticut), chairman of the House Budget Committee, said: "This place is panicked--the House, the Senate, the Administration. They have realized we have got to take drastic steps."

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 4 Winnipeg 2

10 years ago
2000

Disasters

International aid agencies in Mozambique said they needed extra helicopters to rescue thousands stranded in floods, as flood waters in southern Mozambique rose again, engulfing everything in their path. The United Nations World Food Programme estimated that up to 300,000 people needed immediate aid.

February 28, 2010

70 years ago
1940

On television today

The first live telecast of a basketball game occurred when a college match between Fordham University and the University of Pittsburgh at Madison Square Garden was broadcast by the experimental station W2XBS to several hundred homes in New York. There was a 20-minute blackout due to technical problems.

60 years ago
1950


On the radio
Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight’s episode: The Big Nick Murder Case

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Man Who Talked in His Sleep, starring Don Briggs and Edith Atwater

50 years ago
1960

Olympics

Men’s hockey
The United States, coached by Jack Riley of the United States Military Academy and led by Roger Christian, who scored four goals, won its first Olympic gold medal in hockey with a 9-4 victory over Czechoslovakia at Blyth Arena in Squaw Valley, California.

The games concluded with the U.S.S.R. leading the medal parade with 21: 7 gold, 5 silver, 9 bronze. The host U.S.A. finished with 10: 3 gold, 4 silver, 3 bronze. Canada finished seventh with 2 gold (Barbara Wagner and Robert Paul in pairs figure skating, Anne Heggtveit in women’s slalom), 1 silver, 1 bronze.

40 years ago
1970

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Love Grows Where My Rosemary Goes--Edison Lighthouse (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel
2 Hey There Lonely Girl--Eddie Holman
3 Thank You Falettinme Be Mice Elf Agin--Sly and the Family Stone
4 No Time--The Guess Who
5 Psychedelic Shack--The Temptations
6 Rainy Night in Georgia--Brook Benton
7 Travelin’ Band--Creedence Clearwater Revival
8 Venus--The Shocking Blue
9 Raindrops Keep Fallin’ on My Head--B.J. Thomas
10 Ma Belle Amie--The Tee Set

Rainy Night in Georgia was written by Tony Joe White, who had had a top-10 hit a few months earlier with Polk Salad Annie. Psychedelic Shack appeared on the Tamla Motown label in Canada under the title "Pyschedelic Shack." The B-side, That’s the Way Love Is, had been a top-10 hit a few months earlier for Marvin Gaye.

Calgary’s top 10
1 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel
2 Raindrops Keep Fallin’ on My Head--B.J. Thomas
3 Arizona--Mark Lindsay
4 That’s Where I Went Wrong--The Poppy Family
5 Light of Love--The Cat
6 I Want You Back--The Jackson 5
7 Come and Get It--Badfinger
8 No Time--The Guess Who
9 Venus--The Shocking Blue
10 He Ain’t Heavy, He’s My Brother--Hollies
Pick hit of the week: Love Grows Where My Rosemary Goes--Edison Lighthouse

Come and Get It was written by Paul McCartney (credited to John Lennon and Paul McCartney) and was from the movie The Magic Christian. He Ain’t Heavy, He’s My Brother had reached #3 in the U.K. in late 1969, and was the Hollies’ first hit after the departure from the group of Graham Nash.

Married on this date
Crown Prince Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva of Nepal and Aishwarya Rajya Laxmi Devi Rana. The wedding was the culmination of a two-day ceremony that began with the Crown Prince riding an ornately-decorated elephant. The bride was from an aristocratic Nepalese family. The wedding was a Hindu ceremony.

Diplomacy
French President Georges Pompidou arrived in Chicago as part of his tour of the United States, and was angered by demonstrations against France’s supplying of arms to Libya.

Crime
The "Chicago Seven" defendants were released on bond after the U.S. 7th Circuit Court of Appeals granted them bail--$25,000 each for the 5 convicted of crossing state lines to incite a riot, and $15,000 each for the 2 who were acquitted on incite-to-riot charges, but were convicted of contempt of court. Bail of $15,000 each was also set for the defense lawyers, who had been convicted of contempt of court.

30 years ago
1980


World events
The United Nations commission in Iran hearing grievances against the regime of the deposed shah met with about 1,500 Iranians, most of whom had been injured during demonstrations shortly before the shah was deposed a year earlier. The commission’s co-chairman, Mohammed Bedjaoui of Algeria, said to the crowd: "We will fulfill our mandate and...the international community will know to what unimaginable lengths the violations of human rights were carried on in this land."

Terrorism
13 of the hostages held at the Dominican Republic’s embassy in Colombia by April 19 Movement guerrillas were freed in exchange for food and supplies.

Transportation
The U.S. Department of Transportation reported that all the 1979 foreign cars and most domestic cars subjected to 35 miles-per-hour crash tests had failed to protect occupants. The test was only 5 mph over the speed specified in the minimum safety standards, and its purpose "was to see who tried to provide an extra measure of safety," according to agency spokesman David Umansky. The Chevrolet Citation, Plymouth Horizon, and Ford Mustang were praised for doing well on the test. The Citation almost passed the test at 40 mph. "Failure" in the crash test meant that a passenger would have been killed or very seriously injured in a similar crash.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 5 Chicago 2

20 years ago
1990


Personal
This blogger concluded a two-month term as museum assistant at Musee Heritage Museum in St. Albert, Alberta. It was an interesting and enjoyable job, and I was sorry to leave.

Diplomacy
South African Zulu chief Mangosuthu Gatsha Buthelezi met with U.S. President George Bush in Washington and called on him to lift economic sanctions against South Africa.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 2 @ Los Angeles 4

Because of fights mainly consisting of players milling around and waltzing, this may have been the longest game I’ve ever seen that was completed in regulation time.

10 years ago
2000

Scandal

British Nuclear Fuels (BNFL) confirmed its chief executive, John Taylor, had resigned over the safety scandal that had attracted severe criticism from watchdogs. A report published the previous week by the Nuclear Installations Inspectorate confirmed that some safety records relating to a shipment of uranium and plutonium mixed oxide fuel to Japan had been faked at BNFL's Sellafield in Cumbria.

February 27, 2010

50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Poor Me--Adam Faith

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Theme from "A Summer Place"--Percy Faith and his Orchestra
2 Handy Man--Jimmy Jones
3 Teen Angel--Mark Dinning
4 He’ll Have to Go--Jim Reeves
5 Running Bear--Johnny Preston
6 What in the World’s Come Over You--Jack Scott
7 Beyond the Sea--Bobby Darin
8 Wild One--Bobby Rydell
9 Baby (You’ve Got What it Takes)--Brook Benton and Dinah Washington
10 Let it Be Me--The Everly Brothers

40 years ago
1970


Hit parade
Edmonton’s top 10
1 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel
2 Jennifer Tomkins--Street People
3 Ma Belle Amie--The Tee Set
4 The Rainmaker--Tom Northcott
5 Fancy--Bobbie Gentry
6 No Time--The Guess Who
7 Kentucky Rain--Elvis Presley
8 Who’ll Stop the Rain/Travelin’ Band--Creedence Clearwater Revival
9 Walk a Mile in My Shoes--Joe South and The Believers
10 Honey Come Back--Glen Campbell

Protest
Students at the University of Manchester politely took over the administration building in a protest against the university’s files on students’ political activities. The U of M was the ninth of Britain’s 44 universities to have been the sites of demonstrations on the issue, with the occupation of the Manchester building the largest protest so far.

Disasters
A Ceylonese boat sank at Jaffna, drowning 61.

7 people were killed and 5 injured when a ski bus overturned near Saratoga Springs, New York.

30 years ago
1980


Terrorism
Leftist guerrillas seized the Dominican Republic’s embassy in Bogota, Colombia during a reception to mark the D.R.’s annual independence day. Dressed in joggers’ warmup suits with their weapons in gym bags, 17 guerrillas with the Movement of April 19 ran into the embassy. In the ensuing shootout with security guards, four people were wounded and one guerrilla killed. A large portion of Bogota’s diplomatic corps, including the U.S. ambassador and the papal nuncio, were taken hostage, as was the embassy staff. The guerrillas--subject along with other leftist groups to an intensive crackdown over the previous 18 months in which nearly 2,000 guerrilla suspects were seized--made the following demands: the release of political prisoners, including 311 from their movement; the publication in the main newspapers of the hostages’ countries of an April 19 manifesto; and payment of a $50-million ransom raised from the hostages’ countries. The April 19 Movement, also known as M-19, was a radical leftist (read: Marxist) group that had broken away from the youth movement of the National Popular Alliance of General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla after he was defeated in the presidential election of April 19, 1970. Some of Gen. Pinilla’s followers made accusations of fraud and turned to terrorism.

World events
Kabul was reported back to normal after several days of strikes in protest against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and subsequent arrests of protesters.

25 years ago
1985


Hockey
NHL
Montreal 4 Edmonton 1

20 years ago
1990


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Glee Club

This was one of my favourite episodes.

Diplomacy
Recently-freed South African anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela went to Zambia to meet with African National Congress leaders, and was greeted by official delegations from many countries.

Politics and government
The Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. gave its approval to President Mikhail Gorbachev’s proposal for a popularly elected president having broad executive powers.

Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega said that Contra rebels would have to demobilize before the Sandanistas yielded control of the army and police. Violetta Chamorro, who had defeated Mr. Ortega in the general election two days earlier, called on the Contras to disband to help speed the transfer of power.

10 years ago
2000

Soccer

Canada defeated Colombia 2-0 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum to win the Gold Cup. Tournament organizers had been hoping for a final between the United States and Mexico, with an expected crowd of at least 70,000. However, they were disappointed by not only the matchup for the final, but by a steady rain, which kept the crowd closer to 7,000. It was the first time Canada had won the tournament, and may stand as the high point in the history of Canadian soccer. The cup itself is as big a trophy as I've ever seen.

Friday, 26 February 2010

February 26, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Fats Domino!

140 years ago
1870


Transportation
A 312-ft long pneumatic subway was opened in New York City; funding for a larger version never materialized.

75 years ago
1935

Technology

RADAR (Radio Detection and Ranging) was first demonstrated by Robert Watson-Watt.

Baseball
Babe Ruth was given his unconditional release by the New York Yankees in order to join the Boston Braves of the National League as a player, assistant manager, and executive.

70 years ago
1940

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce
Tonight’s episode: The Reigate Puzzle

50 years ago
1960

On television tonight

The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Mirror Image, starring Vera Miles and Martin Milner

Olympics
Men’s figure skating
David Jenkins of Colorado Springs, Colorado won the men's figure-skating gold medal at the Squaw Valley Olympics in California. The audience gasped when Mr. Jenkins performed a spectacular "sit spin," fearing he was falling. Mr. Jenkins followed in the footsteps of his brother Hayes, who won the men's singles gold medal in the 1956 games in Cortina, Italy.

40 years ago
1970


World events
In Saigon, a four-day sojourn in the National Assembly by an opposition deputy, Tran Ngoc Chau, ended when national policemen dragged him away to begin serving a 20-year prison sentence for pro-Communist activity. The arrest came in the face of a legal appeal, which was believed to entitle Mr. Chau to freedom pending a decision.

30 years ago
1980


World events
There were widespread arrests of Shiite Muslims in Afghanistan suspected of instigating anti-Soviet protests and strikes.

The 5-man United Nations commission to investigate Iranian grievances against the deposed Shah received testimony from five Iranian jurists and more than 140 invalids who claimed to be victims of the shah’s regime. Ali Reza Nobari, the governor of Iran’s central bank, testified that "we have documents showing that the total amount of money plundered by the former imperial family was 500 billion rials," equivalent to U.S. $7.14 billion.

Politics and government
Former California Governor and current U.S. Republican party presidential candidate Ronald Reagan fired his campaign manager, John Sears, who was opposed by conservatives in Mr. Reagan’s campaign for his attempts to moderate Mr. Reagan’s conservative image in order to broaden his support.

Mr. Reagan won the Republican presidential primary in New Hampshire with 50% of the vote; George Bush was second with 24%, followed by Howard Baker with 13% and John Anderson with 10%. Mr. Reagan won 15 delegates to the party’s national convention, while Mr. Bush won 5. President Jimmy Carter won the Democratic primary with 49% of the vote and 10 delegates to Sen. Ted Kennedy’s 38% and 9 delegates and Jerry Brown’s 10%.

Energy
U.S. Energy Department officials said that they foresaw the price of gasoline going to $1.50 per gallon by the end of the year.

20 years ago
1990


Politics and government
Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega conceded defeat to Violetta Chamorro in the previous day’s general election.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 2 @ Vancouver 5

10 years ago
2000

Scandal

The British government announced that it was suing former British spy David Shayler for breach of confidence over secret service files. Attempts at criminally prosecuting Mr. Shayler for violating the Official Secrets Act had so far proven unsuccessful. Mr. Shayler had fled to France in 1997, and was fighting British attempts to extradite him.

Wednesday, 24 February 2010

February 25, 2010

440 years ago
1570


Religion
Elizabeth I, Queen of England, was excommunicated by Pope Pius V.

140 years ago
1870

Politics and government

Hiram Revels, 42, of Mississippi became the first Negro United States senator, taking over the term of Jefferson Davis. Mr. Davis had left the Senate nine years earlier to become President of the Confederate States of America.

60 years ago
1950

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Chattanoogie Shoe Shine Boy--Red Foley
--Bing Crosby
2 Rag Mop--The Ames Brothers
--Ralph Flanagan and his Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
--Johnnie Lee Wills and his Boys
3 There’s No Tomorrow--Tony Martin
4 Dear Hearts and Gentle People--Bing Crosby
--Dinah Shore
5 Johnson Rag--Jack Teter Trio
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Original "Dorseyland" Jazz Band
--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
6 The Old Master Painter--Dick Haymes
--Richard Hayes
--Phil Harris and his Orchestra
7 I Can Dream, Can’t I?--The Andrews Sisters
8 Music! Music! Music!--Teresa Brewer with the Dixieland All Stars
9 The Cry of the Wild Goose--Frankie Laine
10 I Said My Pajamas (And Put on My Pray’rs)--Tony Martin and Fran Warren

40 years ago
1970


Diplomacy
French President Georges Pompidou addressed a joint session of the United States Congress, and received a courteous reception and a good turnout, despite a threatened boycott of some members.

War
U.S. Senator Charles Mathias (Republican--Maryland) charged that United States military activities in Laos clearly "violate the spirit" of Congressional measures seeking to bar the use of American ground troops in Laos. Sen. Mathias cited a report that hundreds of former Green Beret troops had been hired by the CIA to serve in Laos. Other Senators, Republican and Democratic, joined in the criticism.

Protest
In a second night of rioting, a student mob protesting the Vietnam war at the Santa Barbara campus of the University of California spread to the adjoining community of Isla Vista and burned down a Bank of America branch, along with other buildings and a police car. They also pelted police with bottles, bricks, and Molotov cocktails. After 26 policemen were injured and 36 people arrested, California Governor Ronald Reagan declared a state of "extreme emergency" and called in the National Guard. Earlier in the day, William Kunstler, chief attorney for the "Chicago Seven," had addressed the students, and Gov. Reagan asked the state’s attorney general to determine whether Mr. Kunstler had crossed state lines to incite a riot. The students said that the riots were in protest against the administration’s failure to reinstate a professor who had been fired and against alleged abuses, such as rent gouging, in the community.

Crime
After 12 days of unruly sessions in the preliminary hearings of 13 Black Panthers charged the previous April with plotting to bomb public places, possession of illegal weapons, attempted murder, and attempted arson, New York Supreme Court Justice John Murtagh ordered a recess until the defendants promised in writing that they would observe proper courtroom behaviour.

After nine hours of deliberation by an all-white jury, three white Detroit policemen and a Negro private guard were acquitted of conspiracy to violate the civil rights of 10 occupants of the Algiers Motel during the Detroit riots in which three Negro men were found dead in the motel annex on July 26, 1967. The acquitted were suspended patrolmen Ronald August, David Senak, and Robert Paille. The guard was Melvin Dismukes. The prosecution had charged the men with use of excessive force in obtaining information about sniping during the riots.

Law
The United States Supreme Court voted 5-3 to require most--and possibly all--elected local governmental units to be elected according to nearly equal population districts. The ruling requiring one-man, one-vote was addressed to school board elections.

30 years ago
1980


Economics and finance
U.S. President Jimmy Carter said that inflation had "reached a crisis stage," and pointed to the failure of Congress to adopt a comprehensive energy policy as a major cause of the situation.

Hockey
NHL
The Edmonton Oilers traded right wing Bobby Schmautz to the Colorado Rockies for forward Don Ashby. Mr. Schmautz had begun the season with the Boston Bruins, and was traded to the Oilers on December 10, 1979. In 29 games with Edmonton he scored 8 goals and 8 assists. The trade reunited Mr. Schmautz with head coach Don Cherry, who had coached Mr. Schmautz with the Bruins from 1974-79. Mr. Ashby had been the Toronto Maple Leafs' first draft choice in 1975, but had never fulfilled the promise that the Maple Leafs had thought that he'd possessed.

20 years ago
1990

Politics and government

The National Opposition Union (UNO) defeated the Sandanista National Liberation Front (FSLN) in the Nicaraguan general election, ending more than 10 years of Sandanista rule. Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, who belonged to no party, defeated President Daniel Ortega 55%-41%, and the UNO also won more seats in the National Assembly. The 1978 assassination of Mrs. Chamorro’s husband, an editor, had helped to provoke the overthrow of the regime of President Anastasio Somoza by the Sandanistas in 1979, but Mrs. Chamorro, who initially supported the FSLN, turned against them as they shifted more toward Marxism. Dissatisfaction with the economy was regarded as the prime factor in the defeat of the Sandanistas. 2,000 foreign observers monitored the election. A few days before the election, the Edmonton Journal published an editorial warning the United States to abide by the results of the election; the Journal apparently wasn’t expecting the FSLN to lose.

Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa told provincial Liberals at a party general council meeting that Quebec would not return to the Canadian constitutional bargaining table if the Meech Lake accord failed. The party agreed to establish a committee to start examining the province’s options if the accord was not ratified by the June 25 deadline. Although he did not specifically advocate provincial independence if Meech Lake failed, Mr. Bourassa said that Quebec would not "practice federalism on our knees." Manitoba Premier Gary Filmon, whose province had not yet approved the accord, described Mr. Bourassa’s action as "sabre-rattling." Newfoundland Premier Clyde Wells said that Mr. Bourassa was bluffing, and that Newfoundland would not be influenced by the action.

Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush and West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl concluded two days of talks. At a press conference they endorsed the concept of a united Germany within NATO. Mr. Bush said that the United States formally recognized the current German-Polish border. Some Poles were concerned that a united Germany might want to regain territory ceded to Poland after World War II.

Protest
Hundreds of thousands of pro-democracy demonstrators took to the streets in more than 30 cities in the U.S.S.R.

Hockey
NHL
Calgary 10 Edmonton 4

10 years ago
2000


Crime
A jury of eight whites and four Negroes acquitted four white New York City police officers on all charges in the shooting death of Amadou Diallo in February 1999. Mr. Diallo, an unarmed Negro native of Guinea, was struck by 19 of 41 shots fired at him in the vestibule of his Bronx apartment building. He had begun to remove a wallet from his apartment; police said they thought it was a gun. The policemen were originally charged with two counts of second-degree murder, but lesser charges, including manslaughter and criminally negligent homicide, were added during the trial. The prosecution contended that the officers had fired at Mr. Diallo without identifying themselves or giving any verbal warnings. The defense denied this and called the incident a "tragedy, not a crime." The not-guilty verdict prompted demonstrations against the police in the Bronx and elsewhere.

Business
BCE Inc. announced an offer to buy broadcaster CTV for $2.3 billion.

Tuesday, 23 February 2010

February 24, 2010

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Kavis Reed!

90 years ago
1920


Politics
Adolf Hitler outlined the basic points of the Nazi party at the Hofbrauhaus in Munich.

75 years ago
1935

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell, on NBC

70 years ago
1940


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Jimmy Ellis!


Mr. Ellis was a middleweight, and eventually a heavyweight boxer from Louisville, Kentucky who spent some time as a sparring partner of Muhammad Ali. When Mr. Ali was stripped of his title in 1967, the World Boxing Association held an eight-man elimination tournament, and Mr. Ellis won the WBA title with a controversial decision over Floyd Patterson in 1968. Joe Frazier, who was recognized as champion by New York and several other states, scored a 5-round technical knockout over Mr. Ellis at Madison Square Garden in New York on February 16, 1970 to unify the heavyweight title. Mr. Ellis was knocked out in 12 rounds by Mr. Ali in 1971, and in 9 rounds by Mr. Frazier in a return match in 1975. He retired later that year with a record of 40 wins, 12 losses, and 1 draw. Unfortunately, Mr. Ellis, like so many boxers, is now said to suffer from pugilistica dementia.

60 years ago
1950


Politics and government
The Labour government of British Prime Minister Clement Attlee was re-elected, but with a slimmer majority than had been the case when Mr. Attlee led them to victory in July 1945. In the closest election in 100 years, Labour won 315 seats, while the Conservatives, led by former Prime Minister Winston Churchill, won 298. The Liberals won 9 seats.

40 years ago
1970


Diplomacy
French President Georges Pompidou and his wife Claude arrived in Washington to begin a cross-country tour of the United States. The tour was planned as a celebration of improved Franco-American relations after the icy relations from the late 1950s to the late 1960s when Charles DeGaulle was President of France. Pro-Israel groups protested the visit over the recent sale of French jet fighter planes to Libya.

Politics and government
Georgia Governor Lester Maddox, after testifying before a U.S. Senate subcommittee on voting rights, created a furor in the House of Representatives restaurant by giving out ax handles--his symbol of opposition to integration.

Protest
A student protest against the Vietnam war at University of California at Santa Barbara turned into a riot, which continued the next day.

30 years ago
1980


Diplomacy
The day after arriving in Tehran, the 5-man United Nations commission investigating the rule of deposed Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi proceeded with its inquiry after meeting with Iranian President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr and Foreign Minister Sadegh Ghotbzadeh, and being promised their cooperation. U.S. and UN officials and Mr. Bani-Sadr hoped that a sympathetic hearing of their grievances against the shah by the commission might produce a climate conducive to a visit with the hostages at the U.S. embassy or their possible release.

Olympics
Winter Olympics @ Lake Placid, New York
Men’s hockey
Gold medal game
U.S.A. 4 Finland 2

Bronze medal game
U.S.S.R. 9 Sweden 2

The gold medal was the first for the United States in hockey since winning at Squaw Valley, California in 1960.

25 years ago
1985


Hockey
NHL
Montreal 4 New York Islanders 3 (OT)

20 years ago
1990

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (75 years ago
1935

On the radio

Cash Box
)
1 Two to Make it Right--Seduction
2 Opposites Attract--Paula Abdul
3 Escapade--Janet Jackson
4 Dangerous--Roxette
5 What Kind of Man Would I Be?--Chicago
6 All or Nothing--Milli Vanilli
7 Tell Me Why--Expose
8 How am I Supposed to Live Without You?--Michael Bolton
9 We Can't Go Wrong--Cover Girls
10 Here We Are--Gloria Estefan

Died on this date
Johnnie Ray, 63. U.S. musician. Mr. Ray rocketed to fame with one of the biggest hit records of the 1950s. Cry was written by Churchill Kohlman, a night watchman in a dry-cleaning plant in Pittsburgh. The B-side, The Little White Cloud that Cried, was written by Mr. Ray. Released in the fall of 1951, the record sold a million copies in eight weeks, and 1½ million by February 1952. Cry held the #1 position on the Billboard chart for 10 weeks, while The Little White Cloud that Cried went to #2. Mr. Ray’s emotional singing style earned him a number of derisive nicknames, including "The Prince of Wails" and "The Nabob of Sob." He broke box office records with live appearances in the U.S.A. in 1952 and elsewhere through the mid-1950s. Mr. Ray was a link between post-World War II crooners and mid-’50s rock and roll artists. He was an inspiration to a young Elvis Presley, and had a hit with Such a Night a decade before Elvis covered it. Mr. Ray failed to duplicate the success of his biggest hit, but he had a respectable run on the charts, with singles such as Please, Mr. Sun/(Here Am I) Broken Hearted (1952); All of Me (#12, 1952); Just Walkin’ in the Rain (#2, 1956); and You Don’t Owe Me a Thing (#10)/Look Homeward, Angel (#36) (1957). Yes Tonight, Josephine (#12, 1957) was his last notable hit in the U.S.A., but as was the case with several other American performers, Mr. Ray remained popular in the U.K. His only movie appearance was in There’s No Business Like Show Business (1954), and his performance has to be seen to be believed. An unhappy private life--bisexuality and heavy drinking--as well as changing musical tastes contributed to his decline. Go here for more about Mr. Ray.

Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush and West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl began two days of talks.

Politics and government
Candidates favouring independence did very well in multiparty elections for the Supreme Soviet of Lithuania. Runoff elections would determine the final outcome.

10 years ago
2000

Died on this date
Betty Lou Beets, 62
. U.S. murderess. The Texas woman claimed that she had killed her fifth husband in self-defense (I wonder what happened to her first four husbands), but Texas Governor and U.S. presidential candidate George W. Bush rejected her appeal for clemency, and she was executed.

War
The United Nations Security Council voted to send 5,000 troops and support staff to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which was embroiled in a civil war between the government of President Laurent Kabila and three rebel forces. Angola, Namibia, and Zimbabwe had sent in troops to support Mr. Kabila, while troops from Uganda, Burundi, and Rwanda fought for the rebels. A July 1999 peace agreement had not ended the bloodshed, and the peacekeeping troops--from Egypt, Jordan, Pakistan, and Senegal--said they would protect the observers and not intervene in the fighting.

February 23, 2010

325 years ago
1685

Born on this date
Georg Frideric Handel
. German-born U.K. composer. Mr. Handel moved to England permanently in 1712. His compositions include Water Music (1713); Messiah (1742); and Royal Fireworks Music (1749). He died on April 14, 1759 at the age of 74.

60 years ago
1950


On television tonight
Escape, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Myth Makers, starring Dave Ballard, Fran Carlon, Dan Morgan, and Tommy Rettig

50 years ago
1960

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight’s episode: The Stockbroker’s Clerk

Baseball
The wrecking ball began demolition of Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, the home of the Brooklyn Dodgers of the National League from 1913 to 1957. The Dodgers moved to Los Angeles shortly after the end of the 1957 season.

40 years ago
1970


On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: Mars, the Red Planet

Canadiana
The Monarchist League of Canada was founded, largely in response to Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's efforts to turn the country into a People's Republic.

South Americana
Prime Minister Forbes Burnham formally proclaimed the Cooperative Republic of Guyana, formally severing the country’s 139-year association with the British Crown. The former colony known as British Guiana, which had gained its independence in May 1966, remained a member of the Commonwealth.

Diplomacy
As he concluded his 15-nation, 10-day tour of Africa, U.S. Secretary of State William Rogers urged a greater role for the United States in Africa during the next decade "to assist them in their development."

Society
Governors Lester Maddox of Georgia and John McKeithen of Louisiana signed into law bills that would bar busing of pupils and teachers to integrate schools in their states. Alabama Governor Albert Brewer called a special session of the state legislature to seek a similar measure for his state.

Disasters
A Czechoslovakian train and locomotive collision near Horny Lidec killed 11 and injured 15.

30 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A.--Billboard: Crazy Little Thing Called Love--Queen

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Crazy Little Thing Called Love--Queen
2 Cruisin'--Smokey Robinson
3 Longer--Dan Fogelberg
4 Yes I'm Ready--Teri DeSario with K.C.
5 Coward of the County--Kenny Rogers
6 Rock With You--Michael Jackson
7 On the Radio--Donna Summer
8 Do That to Me One More Time--The Captain and Tennille
9 Workin' My Way Back to You/Forgive Me, Girl--The Spinners
10 Desire--Andy Gibb

World events
Soviet MiG fighters and helicopters concluded two days of buzzing Kabul in an attempt to discourage anti-Soviet demonstrations. Afghan troops loyal to the Soviet regime closed the Kabul-Peshawar highway, ending all road traffic to and from Pakistan for the first time.

Diplomacy
A five-man United Nations commission on the rule of the deposed Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi arrived in Tehran in an attempt to take advantage of the election of the new Iranian President, Abolhassan Bani-Sadr, who appeared to want to end the U.S. embassy hostage crisis in order to consolidate his power. However, Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini announced that the hostages could only be released by a parliament that was to be elected in March and meet in April. The announcement jolted U.S. officials.

Politics and government
Republican party candidates for President of the United States debated in Nashua, New Hampshire. Ronald Reagan and four other candidates argued for an open debate rather than one between only Mr. Reagan and George Bush, as the sponsor, the Nashua Telegraph, had stipulated. Mr. Bush weakly defended the sponsor’s rules. The debate went on as planned, but the television cameras, barred from the debate itself, followed the four uninvited candidates into another room where they denounced Mr. Bush.

Olympics
Winter Olympics @ Lake Placid, New York
Men’s speed skating
Eric Heiden of the United States won the 10,000 metres at Lake Placid to capture his fifth gold medal, a record for a single Winter Olympic games.

Hockey
NHL
Winnipeg 3 @ Toronto 9
Boston 4 @ Vancouver 4

25 years ago
1985


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Careless Whisper--Wham! (2nd week at #1)
2 Easy Lover--Philip Bailey with Phil Collins
3 I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner
4 Loverboy--Billy Ocean
5 California Girls--David Lee Roth
6 The Boys of Summer--Don Henley
7 Sugar Walls--Sheena Easton
8 Can't Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon
9 Method of Modern Love--Daryl Hall and John Oates
10 The Old Man Down the Road--John Fogerty

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 6 Winnipeg 4
Washington 3 Edmonton 3

Basketball
NCAA
Indiana University basketball coach Bobby Knight, angered by a foul call against one of his players and a technical against himself for yelling an obscenity, was ejected from a game against Purdue for hurling a chair from the bench area across the court during a game in Bloomington.

20 years ago
1990

Hockey

NHL
Toronto 6 @ Edmonton 5

This was the Maple Leafs’ first win in Edmonton since 1979.

Sunday, 21 February 2010

February 22, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Laura Pereverzoff Ong and Maria Melania Belmar Mora!

75 years ago
1935

Aviation

Airplanes were prohibited from flying over the White House in Washington, D.C.

60 years ago
1950

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Ben Wright and Eric Snowden, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Singular Affair of the Restless Corpse

50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Theme from "A Summer Place"--Percy Faith and his Orchestra

Released on Columbia Records in September 1959, this single took a while to catch on, but it ended up as 1960’s biggest hit.

40 years ago
1970


Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State William Rogers, in Liberia at the end of a 15-day tour of 10 African nations, said he was impressed with the quality of the African leaders he had met.

30 years ago
1980


Protest
The U.S.S.R. imposed martial law in Kabul as at least three large street protests were staged in the Afghan capital. Chants of "God is great" and "Death to the Russians" were heard, along with erratic gun shots. The strike spread from merchants to civil servants and labourers, and to the cities of Herat, Kandahar, and Jalabad. At least 300 civilians were reported killed in the first few days of the strike. Soviet MiG fighters and helicopters began buzzing Kabul to discourage the anti-Soviet demonstrations.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the Consumer Price Index increased 1.4% in January, pushed by a 7.4% increase in gasoline prices.

Weather
Nine days of torrential rains and gale-force winds in southern California concluded. At least 13 inches of rain were dumped on the area; 26 people were killed and thousands lost their homes.

Olympics
Winter Olympics @ Lake Placid, New York
Men’s hockey
U.S.A. 4 U.S.S.R. 3

This semi-final at Lake Placid, New York was referred to as the "Miracle on Ice," but the Soviet team wasn’t as strong as was largely believed. The Canadians had almost beaten the Soviets two days earlier, and probably would have if they’d had anything resembling goaltending. An oddity of the U.S.A.-U.S.S.R. game was that American viewers were unable to watch the game live on their own network--ABC showed the game on tape delay in prime time. The Canadian network CTV, on the other hand, showed the game live in the afternoon.

Hockey
NHL
Colorado 3 @ Edmonton 1

20 years ago
1990


Scandal
A transcript of former U.S. President Ronald Reagan’s videotaped testimony in the trial of former national security adviser John Poindexter, who was on trial for his part in the Iran-Contra scandal, was made public. Mr. Reagan testified that he had authorized, in general, the policy of selling arms to Iran and aiding the Nicaraguan contras, but he said he had repeatedly told subordinates to obey the law, and he said he had not known that National Security Council staff member Oliver North had been coordinating supply missions for the Contras and otherwise assisting the Contras at a time when the U.S. Congress had banned U.S. support for them. Mr. Reagan often testified that he was unable to remember key meetings or conversations.

Health
For the first time, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved a low-calorie substitute for fat. Nutrasweet Company had developed the substance, Simplesse, a blend of proteins from egg white and milk. The FDA said Simplesse was safe for use in frozen dessert products, and the company said it could be used in other foods having a high fat content. Other food manufacturers were reported working on fat substitutes in response to concerns about nutrition.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 2 @ Calgary 12

10 years ago
2000


Politics and government
U.S. Senator John McCain won the Republican party presidential primary in his home state of Arizona with 60% of the vote to 36% for Texas Governor George W. Bush, and also took Michigan 51%-43% despite Michigan Governor John Engler’s support for Mr. Bush. In response to Sen. McCain’s criticism of the Christian right, Christian Coalition founder Rev. Pat Robertson denounced Mr. McCain’s national campaign chairman, former Senator Warren Rudman, who was Jewish, as a "vicious bigot" for criticizing some Christian conservatives.

Moderate political leaders in Iran, whose parties had won a majority in the Majlis in the February 18 elections, said that they would seek better ties with western nations; judicial reforms; and a more open press.

Disasters
A cyclone struck Mozambique, causing deaths and flooding.

Saturday, 20 February 2010

February 21, 2010

60 years ago
1950


On the radio
Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight’s episode: The Psychic Murder Case

40 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Love Grows Where My Rosemary Grows--Edison Lighthouse (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Thank You Falettinme Be Mice Elf Agin--Sly and the Family Stone (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Thank You Falettinme Be Mice Elf Agin--Sly and the Family Stone
2 Hey There Lonely Girl--Eddie Holman
3 Venus--The Shocking Blue
4 No Time--The Guess Who
5 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel
6 Psychedelic Shack--The Temptations
7 Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head--B.J. Thomas
8 Rainy Night in Georgia--Brook Benton
9 I'll Never Fall in Love Again--Dionne Warwick
10 Honey Come Back--Glen Campbell

Calgary’s top 10
1 That’s Where I Went Wrong--The Poppy Family
2 Raindrops Keep Fallin’ on My Head--B.J. Thomas
3 No Time--The Guess Who
4 Venus--The Shocking Blue
5 I Want You Back--The Jackson 5
6 Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye--Steam
7 Arizona--Mark Lindsay
8 Up on Cripple Creek--The Band
9 Light of Love--The Cat
10 She Came in Through the Bathroom Window--Joe Cocker
Pick hit of the week: Ma Belle Amie--The Tee Set

Light of Love may have been the first single by any artist other than the Guess Who to be released on the Nimbus label.

Space
This blogger saw his first lunar eclipse, as a partial eclipse was visible in North and South America.

Terrorism
All 47 aboard were killed in the crash of a Swissair jet shortly after takeoff from Zurich to Tel Aviv, victims of an explosion on board. In Beirut, a Palestinian organization--the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, General Command--first claimed responsibility for the blast, and then denied it.

War
After an 11-day drive, pro-Communist Pathet Lao and North Vietnamese troops swept across the strategically-located Plaine des Jarres in north-central Laos with Soviet-built PT-76 tanks, and took control. The withdrawal left more than 500 of the 1,500-man garrison at Xieng Khouang airfield dead or missing. Royal Laotian troops under General Vang Pao were reported later to have regrouped, and with 10,000 Meo tribesmen, to be fighting a rearguard action to consolidate new positions in the hills south and west of the plateau. Laotian troops, with U.S. air support, had taken the plain in the fall of 1969 in a surprise reversal after the Communists had held it for five years.

83 Americans were killed in Vietnam during the previous week, the lowest death toll in three weeks. The number of American dead for 1970 stood at 666, compared with 1,380 for the same period in 1969. U.S. wounded for the week were 657, up from 589 the previous week. It was the second costliest week of the year for South Vietnam, with 361 killed and 1,123 wounded.

Crime
Three bombs exploded in front of the Manhattan home of New York Supreme Court Justice John Murtagh. Justice Murtagh was presiding over the trial of 13 Black Panthers who had been charged in April 1969 with plotting to bomb public places; possession of illegal weapons; attempted murder; and attempted arson.

30 years ago
1980


Protest
The commercial life of Kabul came to a halt as almost every merchant in the Afghan capital closed his business to protest the Soviet military presence in the country. Clandestine anti-Soviet leaflets, produced by anti-Communist insurgents, had urged the shopkeepers to show their "unanimous condemnation" of the Soviet invasion by striking.

Scandal
Rep. Richard Kelly (Republican--Florida), the only U.S. Congressman to admit taking a bribe from one of the undercover agents in the FBI’s Operation Abscam, resigned from the House Republican Conference to avoid a possible vote to expel him for his involvement in the scandal.

Weather
After eight days of torrential rains and gale-force winds had resulted in flash floods, six counties in southern California were declared federal disaster areas by U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

20 years ago
1990


At the movies
Films dating from the early 1920s that had been discovered buried in the ground at Dawson City, Yukon Territory, were shown at the Provincial Museum of Alberta in Edmonton. The Arctic permafrost had acted as a preservative, preventing the films from disintegrating. The films shown included a newsreel about the trial of the "Ohio Gang" members of the U.S. administration of President Warren G. Harding, and part of a feature film starring Douglas Fairbanks that had been thought to be lost. The latter film--possibly The Half-Breed (1916)--was set in the Canadian north, but showed a gorilla in the wild (!).

Diplomacy
Czechoslovakian President Vaclav Havel was enthusiastically received by the United States Congress as he addressed the body in Washington. Mr. Havel said he saw the rise of democracy in the Soviet bloc as a "historically irreversible process," and he foresaw "an era in which all of us, large and small, former slaves and former masters, will be able to create what your great President Lincoln called the ‘family of man.’"

10 years ago
2000

Died on this date
Violet Archer, 86
. Canadian composer. The Edmonton-based Mrs. Archer studied under Bela Bartok and Paul Hindemith. Many of her choral and orchestral works, which included Ten Folk Songs for Four Hands and Prairie Profiles, were inspired by folk music of French Canada, the Maritimes, and Inuit culture. She taught for many years at the University of Alberta.

War
Russian military leaders declared victory in their war against the breakaway province of Chechnya. Russian President Vladimir Putin said, however, that the war would continue until the "total liberation" of Chechnya.

Hockey
Marty McSorley of the Los Angeles Kings clubbed Donald Brashear of the Vancouver Canucks senseless in a vicious stick-swinging incident during an NHL game in Vancouver.

February 20, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Mandy Sellars!

175 years ago
1835

Disasters

An earthquake and tsunami struck Concepcion, Chile. One of those who experienced the earthquake was British naturalist Charles Darwin.

50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Why--Anthony Newley (6th week at #1)

U. S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Teen Angel--Mark Dinning
2 Running Bear--Johnny Preston
3 Handy Man--Jimmy Jones
4 The Theme from "A Summer Place"--Percy Faith and his Orchestra
5 Where or When--Dion and the Belmonts
6 He'll Have to Go--Jim Reeves
7 What in the World's Come Over You--Jack Scott
8 Beyond the Sea--Bobby Darin
9 Lonely Blue Boy--Conway Twitty
10 Baby (You've Got What it Takes)--Brook Benton and Dinah Washington

40 years ago
1970


Hit parade
Edmonton’s top 10
1 Jennifer Tomkins--Street People
2 Arizona--Mark Lindsay
3 Ma Belle Amie--The Tee Set
4 No Time--The Guess Who
5 Fancy--Bobbie Gentry
6 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel
7 Walk a Mile in My Shoes--Joe South and The Believers
8 Who’ll Stop the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
9 Whole Lotta Love--Led Zeppelin
10 The Rainmaker--Tom Northcott

Who’ll Stop the Rain was the B-side of Travelin’ Band, and the single was one of a number of two-sided hits that Creedence Clearwater Revival achieved.

War
Official Laotian reports said that North Vietnamese troops and tanks had seized the Laotian government’s key stronghold in the Plaine des Jarres. An airfield in the long-disputed plain had been overrun by North Vietnamese and Pathet Lao guerrillas in their fourth attempt in recent days.

Crime
Two days after five of the "Chicago Seven" defendants had been convicted of crossing state lines with intent to incite rioting at the 1968 Democratic National Convention, U.S. District Court judge Julius Hoffman imposed sentences of 5 years and $5,000 in fines on each of the five convicted men, plus $60,000 in court costs for the entire group of defendants, after ruling that wiretapped conversations used by the government had not tainted the case against them.

Diplomacy
Israeli Information Minister Israel Galili warned Jordan’s King Hussein of a possible takeover of his government by foreign Arab forces, since Syrian and Iraqi troops were also there.

Transportation
A centuries-old dream of building a bridge across the narrow Bosporus straits to link Europe and Asia came closer to reality when work began on a 5,118-foot suspension span to link the straits from Istanbul to Uskudar.

30 years ago
1980


Diplomacy
United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim announced the establishment of an international commission to hear Iran’s grievances against the United States. Mr. Waldheim was careful to describe the commission as a "fact-finding" body, not a judicial one. He said that a group of five lawyers from Sri Lanka, France, Venezuela, Syria, and Algeria had a two-part mission: "to hear Iran’s grievances and to allow for an early solution of the crisis between Iran and the United States." Iranian leaders continued to disavow any linkage between the commission and the release of the hostages at the U.S. embassy, but Mr. Waldheim told U.S. officials that Iran stood by the agreed twofold mandate for the commission. According to The New York Times, Mr. Waldheim had additional assurances from Iranian President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr that Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khomeini welcomed the commission.

Weather
After a week of torrential rains, three counties of Arizona were declared to be disaster areas by U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

Olympics
Winter Olympics @ Lake Placid, New York
Men’s hockey
U.S.S.R. 6 Canada 4

Team Canada played very well and probably would have won the game if they’d had anything resembling competent goaltending.

Hockey
NHL
New York Rangers 4 Edmonton 1

20 years ago
1990


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Tree House

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister Michael Wilson announced the federal budget. Transfer payments to the provinces for health care and higher education were to be cut by $2.5 billion over the next two years. The reduction in payments to the provinces, combined with higher personal taxes, was projected to hold the government’s annual deficit to $28.5 billion for the fiscal year ending March 31, 1991. Other measures announced in the budget included: a 5% limit on increased spending for defense, foreign aid, science and technology, and Indian Affairs programs; cancellation of the Polar 8 icebreaker project announced in 1985 to help assert Canadian sovereignty in the Arctic; and the sale of major Crown corporations Petro-Canada and Telesat Canada.

Diplomacy
Czechoslovakian President Vaclav Havel arrived in Washington, D.C., becoming the first head of state of his country to visit the United States.

10 years ago
2000


Politics and government
British Columbia Attorney General Ujjal Dosanjh won the New Democratic Party leadership on the first ballot, setting the stage for him to become Canada’s first Indo-Canadian premier four days later.

Friday, 19 February 2010

February 19, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lee Morrow and Jackie Strip!

70 years ago
1940


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Blanched Soldier

50 years ago
1960


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Elegy, starring Cecil Kellaway, Kevin Hagen, Jeff Morrow, and Don Dubbins

40 years ago
1970


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched Molniya 1/13, the first of two telecommunications satellites launched in 1970 to form part of the Soviet international communications satellite network.

War
Five members of a U.S. Marine combat patrol were arrested on charges of murdering 11 Vietnamese civilians at Refugee Hamlet 4 of Sonthang village. All members of Company B of the 1st Battalion, 7th Regiment, 1st Marine Division, they were Lance Corporal Randell D. Herrod, 20, leader of the patrol; Pfc. Thomas R. Boyd, 19; Pfc. Michael S. Krichten, 19; Pfc. Samuel G. Green, 18; and Pvt. Michael A. Schwartz, 21.

Society
The United States Senate and House of Representatives approved education appropriation bills containing amendments introduced by southern opponents of school desegregation. The House bill contained three anti-busing and "freedom of choice" amendments designed to restrict federal power to enforce desegregation. The Senate bill contained an amendment designed to halt busing of children to achieve racial balance.

Baseball
Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn suspended Detroit Tigers’ ace pitcher Denny McLain indefinitely for his "involvement in 1967 bookmaking activities" in Detroit.

25 years ago
1985


Weather
It hit 47 F in Edmonton.

Football
CFL
Canadian College Draft
Round 1
1 Ottawa--Nick Benjamin, OL, Concordia U.
2 Calgary--Randy Ambrosie, OL, Manitoba
3 British Columbia (from Saskatchewan)--John Ulmer, DE, North Dakota
4 Montreal--Tony Johns, TB, Henderson State
5 Edmonton--Peter Emsky, OL, Washington State
6 Winnipeg (from Toronto)--Pat Langdon, TE, Tennessee
7 British Columbia--Rick Ryan, DB, Weber State
8 Hamilton--Jed Tommy, RB, Guelph
9 Winnipeg--Bob Molle, DE, Simon Fraser

The draft went 9 rounds, with 81 players drafted. This draft was the first since 1972 in which the CFL teams weren’t allowed to claim any players as territorial exemptions. My friend Harold Riemer, an offensive tackle with the University of Alberta Golden Bears, was chosen in the sixth round, #50 overall. Peter Emsky joined the Eskimos for training camp in 1986, but never played a regular season game in the Canadian Football League.

20 years ago
1990


Albertana
The provincial holiday known as Family Day was observed for the first time.

10 years ago
2000


Politics and government
Texas Governor George W. Bush won the South Carolina Republican party presidential primary with 53% of the vote. U.S. Senator John McCain of Arizona took 42% of the vote.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 2 Toronto 1

Wednesday, 17 February 2010

February 18, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Paul Jelley and Ezra Levant!

125 years ago
1885


Literature
Mark Twain’s novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published.

80 years ago
1930


Space
Clyde Tombaugh, a 23-year-old astronomer at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, discovered a possible moving object on photographic plates taken on January 23 and 29. A lesser-quality photograph from January 21 helped to confirm the movement. What Mr. Tombaugh had discovered was a body that came to be known as Pluto. Pluto was regarded as the ninth planet in the solar system, but was demoted to the status of dwarf planet by the International Astronomical Union in 2006. It is now officially designated as 134340 Pluto.

60 years ago
1950


Hit parade
U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)

1 Dear Hearts and Gentle People--Bing Crosby
--Dinah Shore
2 I Can Dream, Can't I--The Andrews Sisters
3 Johnson Rag--Jack Teter Trio
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Original "Dorseyland" Jazz band
--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
4 Chattanoogie Shoe Shine Boy--Red Foley
5 Rag Mop--The Ames Brothers
--Ralph Flanagan and his Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
--Johnnie Lee Wills and his Boys
6 There's No Tomorrow--Tony Martin
7 The Old Master Painter--Dick Haymes
--Richard Hayes
--Phil Harris and his Orchestra
8 A Dreamer's Holiday--Perry Como
--Buddy Clark and the Girl Friends
9 I Said My Pajamas ( And Put on My Pray'rs)--Tony Martin and Fran Warren
10 Music! Music! Music!--Teresa Brewer with the Dixieland All Stars

50 years ago
1960


Olympics
The Winter Olympic Games opened in Squaw Valley, California. U.S. Vice-President Richard Nixon officially declared the games open.

40 years ago
1970


Crime
After five days of deliberation, a U.S. federal grand jury found the defendants in the "Chicago Seven" trial not guilty of conspiring to incite riots during the Democratic National Convention in 1968, but convicted five of the seven of crossing state lines with intent to incite riots. University professors John Froines and Lee Weiner, both 30, were acquitted of both counts against them, but guilty verdicts on the intent-to-incite-riots charge were returned against David Dellinger, 53, and Rennie Davis, 29, leaders of the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam; Abbie Hoffman, 32, and Jerry Rubin, 31, Youth International Party leaders; and Tom Hayden, 29, a co-organizer of Students for a Democratic Society. U.S. District Court Judge Julius Hoffman denied bail to the defendants and returned them to Cook County jail to await appeal on the contempt charges that he had convicted them of several days earlier.

Diplomacy
In a talk launching what the United Nations General Assembly had resolved should be a "disarmament decade," UN Secretary-General U Thant, at a special session of the Geneva disarmament conference, urged the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. to discuss a moratorium on further testing and deployment of nuclear weapons during their resumption of strategic arms limitation talks in Vienna on April 16.

Politics and government
In a document transmitted to Congress, U.S. President Richard Nixon outlined the fundamentals of his administration’s foreign policy. The document, which was expected to become an annual State of the World message, committed the United States to continue its major role in world affairs, but with America’s allies carrying more of the burden.

Society
The United States Senate voted 56-36 to approve an amendment sponsored by John Stennis (Democrat--Mississippi) calling for a cutoff of federal funds to all school districts that failed to integrate, even if the racial imbalance was a product of residential patterns. The real intention of the move, which the administration of President Richard Nixon indicated that it favoured, was seen as a lessening of desegregation pressures on the South rather than their intensification elsewhere.

Protest
The United States embassy in Manila was attacked by rampaging youths hurling stones and flaming objects, and shouting "Imperialist pigs!" Most of the windows and furniture on the embassy’s first floor were broken before the U.S. Marine security force, lobbing tear-gas bombs, turned back the demonstrators. Then the Manila Hilton Hotel, other buildings, cars, and passersby were attacked.

Negro protesters from five colleges in the area left after a 14-hour occupation of four Amherst College buildings to spotlight their dissatisfaction with the black studies program, admissions, and financial aid policies.

30 years ago
1980


Abominations
The Liberal Party, under Pierre Elliott Trudeau, was restored to power with a majority government in the Canadian federal election. The Liberals took 146 of 282 seats in the House of Commons; the Progressive Conservatives, who had held power under Prime Minister Joe Clark for just nine months after forming a minority government after the 1979 election, dropped from 136 seats to 103. The New Democratic Party increased from 27 seats to 32, while Social Credit lost all 5 of its seats. Voter turnout topped 70%. The election was called after Finance Minister John Crosbie’s budget, which included an 18c per gallon excise tax on gasoline, was defeated in the House of Commons on December 13, 1979. The results didn’t bode well for national unity, since the Liberals took just one seat west of Manitoba (Art Phillips in Vancouver). For Social Credit, whose MPs had abstained from voting instead of voting against a budget that didn’t satisfy them, the result meant oblivion--never again did they come close to electing anyone to the House of Commons. This was also the first election in which this blogger voted. I voted for incumbent MP Doug Roche because I didn’t want to vote Liberal or NDP. Mr. Roche was, and is, about as left-wing and unconservative as you can get, but in those days I was willing to settle for voting for the lesser of evils. I’ve since changed my mind; if I don’t like any of the parties or candidates (and that’s been the case in the last couple of federal elections), I won’t vote for any of them.

20 years ago
1990


Politics and government
The Liberal Democratic Party won a decisive victory in elections to the lower house of the Diet in Japan. The LDs’ long rule had appeared threatened by the Recruit Company scandal, in which the conglomerate had given millions of dollars (actually yen, I suppose) in cash and stocks to leading politicians. However, the party lost only a few seats and held a majority in the lower house. The Socialist Party, the principal opposition, gained ground, but mostly at the expense of smaller parties. The results appeared to strengthen the position of Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu.

Diplomacy
Czechoslovakian President Vaclav Havel began a trip to North American with a visit to Ottawa, where he met with Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

10 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Sheldon Turcotte, 64
. Canadian newscaster. Mr. Turcotte anchored CBC-TV’s Midday News from 1985-1995, and also produced The National.

Politics and government
In first-round elections in Iran, moderate reformers won control of the Majlis (parliament) from the religious conservatives who had dominated the body. The results were a victory for Iran’s reform-minded President, Mohammad Khatami. Conservatives had previously held 120 seats, the reformers 80, and independents 70. Returns showed that in the new body the moderates would have 141 seats, the conservatives 44, and independents 10. Runoff elections were to be held in April in districts where no candidate had received 25% of the vote.

Tuesday, 16 February 2010

February 17, 2010

410 years ago
1600

Died on this date
Giordano Bruno, 51
. Italian philosopher and alchemist. Mr. Bruno accepted the cosmology of Nicolaus Copernicus, but believed that the universe was infinite, and that there were many earths. He believed that it was impossible to postulate absolute truth or any limit to the progress of knowledge. Mr. Bruno was burned at the stake for heresy.

75 years ago
1935


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell, on NBC

70 years ago
1940


Born on this date
Gene Pitney
. U.S. singer and songwriter. Mr. Pitney was known for performing songs written by Burt Bacharach and Hal David, including (The Man Who Shot) Liberty Valance (#4, Billboard Hot 100, 1962); Only Love Can Break a Heart (#2, 1962); True Love Never Runs Smooth (#21, 1963); and Twenty-Four Hours from Tulsa (#17, 1963). At the time that Only Love Can Break a Heart was the #2 single in the U.S.A., the #1 spot was held by He’s a Rebel by the Crystals, a song written by Mr. Pitney. Mr. Pitney recorded songs in Italian and Spanish, which contributed to his popularity in foreign countries. He had the distinction of being the first rock and roll singer to perform at the Academy Awards ceremony. The title song for Town Without Pity, which he sang and had a hit with (#13, 1962) was a nominee for best original song for 1961. Mr. Pitney died of a heart attack in his hotel room between performances in Cardiff, Wales on April 5, 2006 at the age of 66.

40 years ago
1970


Society
A U.S. federal judge in Detroit ordered the community of Pontiac to integrate its schools on all levels by the fall of 1970.

Leon Panetta, a strong advocate of firm desegregation policies, resigned as chief of the Civil Rights Off ice of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare because of what he called "political pressure."

30 years ago
1980


Scandal
The New York Times revealed--after obtaining the report of the Rowe Task Force of the U.S. Justice Department--that the FBI had known about and covered up involvement in violent attacks on Negroes and civil rights activists by Gary Rowe, its chief paid informer inside the Ku Klux Klan in the early 1960s. The 302-page report also claimed that FBI director J. Edgar Hoover had twice blocked prosecution of four Ku Klux Klansmen identified by FBI agents as the bombers who had killed four Negro girls in the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama. There was no reported evidence that Mr. Rowe was involved in the bombing. The two times that Mr. Hoover foiled attempts to pass information on the bombing to officials in the Justice Department, he had said that "the chance of prosecution in state or Federal Court is very remote." One of the Klansmen, "Dynamite Bob" Chambliss, was convicted of murder in 1977 on less direct evidence that was available to the jury than had been available to Mr. Hoover in 1964 when he halted the prosecution. The task force concluded that the church bombing case did not reach a grand jury until 1977 because Mr. Hoover’s Justice Department superiors were never given the full account of what the FBI knew about the case. The report also said that the FBI did not investigate information about killings that Mr. Rowe had been involved in between 1960 and 1965, because Mr. Rowe was providing good intelligence.

Politics and government
George Bush won the Republican party primary in Puerto Rico for the nomination for President of the United States with 61% of the vote and 14 delegates to 37% for U.S. Senator Howard Baker. Mr. Bush had campaigned for statehood for the island, which currently held commonwealth status.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 5 St. Louis 5

25 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Do They Know It's Christmas?--Band Aid (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Ghostbusters--Ray Parker, Jr. (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: One Night in Bangkok--Murray Head (5th week at #1)

Track and field
At a meet in Auckland, John Walker of New Zealand broke the four-minute mile for the 100th time in his career.

Horse racing
Laffit Pincay, Jr. rode four winners at Santa Anita Park in California, becoming the third jockey, behind Johnny Longden and Bill Shoemaker, to win at least 6,000 thoroughbred races.

20 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Janie's Got a Gun--Aerosmith

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un' Estate Italiana--Edoardo Bennato; Gianna Nannini (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): All Around the World--Lisa Stanfield (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Lily Was Here--David A. Stewart and Candy Dulfer

#1 single in France (SNEP): Les Valses de Vienne--François Feldman (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor

#1 single in the U.K.: Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Opposites Attract--Paula Abdul (with Wild Pair) (2nd week at #1)

U. S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Opposites Attract--Paula Abdul (with Wild Pair) (2nd week at #1)
2 Two to Make it Right--Seduction
3 Janie's Got a Gun--Aerosmith
4 How am I Supposed to Live Without You?--Michael Bolton
5 Dangerous--Roxette
6 What Kind of Man Would I Be?--Chicago
7 I Remember You--Skid Row
8 Peace in Our Time--Eddie Money
9 Tell Me Why--Expose
10 Downtown Train--Rod Stewart

Singles entering the chart were Heart of Stone by Cher (#69); I'll Be Your Everything by Tommy Page (#72); Blue Sky Mine by Midnight Oil (#78); Got to Get by Leila K with Rob ’N’ Raz (#85); You're the Voice by John Farnham (#86); I'm Not Satisfied by Fine Young Cannibals (#87); Brother, Don't You Walk Away by the Hooters (#92); If You Leave Me Now by Jaya (#93); and Wild Women Do by Natalie Cole (#95).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Downtown Train--Rod Stewart (2nd week at #1)
2 Janie's Got a Gun--Aerosmith
3 Peace in Our Time--Eddie Money
4 Opposites Attract--Paula Abdul (with Wild Pair)
5 Just Between You and Me--Lou Gramm
6 Free Fallin'--Tom Petty
7 Escapade--Janet Jackson
8 What Kind of Man Would I Be?--Chicago
9 Dangerous--Roxette
10 All or Nothing--Milli Vanilli

Singles entering the chart were Let Your Backbone Slide by Maestro Fresh Wes (#74); Catch Me in the Act by Paradox (#76); A Face in the Crowd by Tom Petty (#78); Anytime by the McAuley Schenker Group (#80); Dirty Deeds by Joan Jett (#84); I'm Not Satisfied by Fine Young Cannibals (#87); Far Far Cry by Jon Anderson (#89); C'mon and Get My Love by D-Mob (#91); and Love is a Dangerous Weapon by the Works (#93).

Scandal
In a closed courtroom in Los Angeles, former U.S. President Ronald Reagan concluded two days of videotaped testimony, amounting to eight hours, in the trial of former national security adviser John Poindexter, who was on trial for his involvement in the Iran-Contra scandal.

Hockey
NHL
New Jersey 4 @ Toronto 5

10 years ago
2000


Business
New consumer laws to protect consumers from price-gouging by Air Canada were introduced.