Sunday, 30 November 2014

November 30, 2014

210 years ago
1804


Scandal
U.S. Supreme Court Justice Salmon P. Chase went on trial before the United States Senate, accused of political bias. He was acquitted.

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Confederate Army of Tennessee troops led by General John Bell Hood mounted a dramatically unsuccessful frontal assault on Union positions commanded by John McAllister Schofield around Franklin, Tennessee, with Gen. Hood losing six generals and almost one-third of his troops.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Edgar Adrian
. U.K. physiologist. Dr. Adrian shared the 1932 Nobel Prize in Physiology with Charles Sherrington "for their discoveries regarding the functions of neurons." Dr. Adrian died on August 4, 1977 at the age of 87.

90 years ago
1924


Football
CRU
The Winnipeg Victorias, champions of the Western Canada Rugby Football Union, announced that they had cancelled their trip to Toronto to play the eastern champion Queens University Tricolor for the Grey Cup on December 6. The players wanted to take the Canadian National Railway to Toronto, while team management wanted to take the Canadian Pacific Railway. The players had threatened to travel by CNR with or without management's approval, whereby management had responded by refusing the players permission to use the team's name. The dispute resulted in the cancellation of travel to Toronto by any means.

80 years ago
1934


Died on this date
Roy Turk, 42
. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Turk was a lyricist who usually wrote songs with Fred Ahlert. Mr. Turk's songs included Are You Lonesome To-Night? (1926); Mean to Me (1928); Walkin' My Baby Back Home (1931); and Where the Blue of the Night Meets the Gold of the Day (1931).

Hélène Boucher, 26. French aviatrix. Miss Boucher set a world speed record for women of over 100 miles per hour in 1934. She was killed in a crash near Versailles while making a test flight.

Transportation
The LNER Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman became the first steam locomotive to be authenticated as reaching 100 miles per hour.

Boxing
Joe Louis (11-0) knocked out Charley Massera (32-10-4) in the 3rd round of a heavyweight bout at Chicago Coliseum.

75 years ago
1939

War

The Winter War began when Soviet forces invaded Finland with 21 divisions, totaling some 450,000 men, and bombed Helsinki in an attack which violated three different non-aggression pacts: the Treaty of Tartu (signed in 1920); the non-aggression pact between Finland and the Soviet Union signed in 1932 and again in 1934; and also the Charter of the League of Nations, which the Soviet Union signed in 1934. C.G.E. Mannerheim was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Finnish Defence Forces after the Soviet attack. In further reshuffling, the Finnish government named Risto Ryti as the new Prime Minister and Väinö Tanner as Foreign Minister.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): No Other Love--Joe Loss; Vera Lynn (1st month at #1)

Died on this date
Albert B. Fall, 83
. U.S. politician. Mr. Fall, a Republican, represented New Mexico in the United States Senate from 1912-1921 before joining the cabinet of President Warren G. Harding as Secretary of the Interior. Mr. Fall was the first cabinet minister in U.S. history to be unanimously confirmed by the Senate, and became the first to be sent to prison. He resigned his office on March 4, 1923--one day short of two years after taking the position--because of allegations that he had given oil leases at the U.S. Naval Reserve at Teapot Dome, Wyoming to two of his friends, Harry Sinclair and Edward Doheny, without open bidding. Mr. Fall was convicted of conspiracy and bribery and spent a year in prison. He died four days after his 83rd birthday.

Paul Masson, 68. French cyclist. Mr. Masson won gold medals in the men's 2-kilometre sprint and 10-kilometre event at the 1896 Summer Olympic Games in Athens.

War
U.S. troops in Germany established a 7-mile front along the Roer River just west of Duren. Soviet troops in northeastern Hungary surrounded Miskolc with the capture of Eger and Szikszo.

Politics and government
The Polish government-in-exile in London formed a new cabinet headed by socialist Tomasz Arciszewski.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dismissed Assistant Attorney General Normal Littell, saying that his actions had substantiated charges of Attorney General Francis Biddle that Mr. Littell was insubordinate.

The United States Senate approved Edward Stettinius as Secretary of State, replacing the departed Cordell Hull.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated Alexander Kirk as U.S. Ambasador to Italy, while the Senate confirmed Patrick Hurley as Ambassador to China.

Economics and finance
The U.S.A. and U.K. reached a new Lend-Lease agreement providing for a 43% reduction in U.S. assistance to Britain.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Schuster Bleib Bei Deinen Leisten--Werner Dies (1st month at #1)

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Gielgud and Ralph Richardson, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight's episode: The Solitary Cyclist

Died on this date
Wilhelm Furtwängler, 68
. German orchestra conductor. Mr. Furtwängler was principal conductor of the Berlin Philharmoniker from 1923-1945 and 1952-1954. He remained in Germany during the Nazi regime of 1933-1945, and had a complicated relationship with the regime, trying to preserve his career and German music while criticizing Nazi persecution of Jews. Mr. Furtwängler also composed a number of works, including several symphonies.

Oddities
In the only documented case of a human being hit by a rock from space, the Hodges meteorite crashed through a roof and hit a woman taking an afternoon nap in Sylacauga, Alabama.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ma Vie--Alain Barriere (3rd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Come a Little Bit Closer--Jay and the Americans
2 She's Not There--The Zombies
3 Ringo--Lorne Greene
4 Time is on My Side--The Rolling Stones
5 I'm Gonna Be Strong--Gene Pitney
6 You Really Got Me--The Kinks
7 Ain't That Loving You Baby--Elvis Presley
8 Is it True--Brenda Lee
9 Mr. Lonely--Bobby Vinton
10 Everything's Alright--The Newbeats

Singles entering the chart were )Roses are Red) My Love by the "You Know Who" Group! (#21); It's Alright by Adam Faith (#30); Willow Weep for Me by Chad & Jeremy (#31); I Don't Care by Becky and the Lollipops (#32); Hawaii Tattoo by the Waikikis (#33); Don't Bring Me Down by the Pretty Things (#34); Ain't it the Truth by Mary Wells (#35); Anyway You Want It by the Dave Clark Five (#36); So Many Other Boys by the Esquires (#37); California Bound by Ronny and the Daytonas (#38); Nickel Piece of Candy by the Wimmen (#39); and Four Strong Winds by Bobby Bare (#40).

Space
Two days after the U.S.A. launched the probe Mariner 4 toward Mars, the U.S.S.R. launched the probe Zond 5 on a trans-Mars trajectory. The probe's mission was said to be research in interplanetary space.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Sing a Song of Love--George Baker Selection (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Gonna Make You a Star--David Essex (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Can Help--Billy Swan (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Can Help--Billy Swan
2 My Melody of Love--Bobby Vinton
3 When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees
4 Longfellow Serenade--Neil Diamond
5 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
6 Angie Baby--Helen Reddy
7 Do It (’Til You’re Satisfied)--B.T. Express
8 You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
9 Cat's in the Cradle--Harry Chapin
10 Wishing You were Here--Chicago

Singles entering the chart were Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds by Elton John (#56); Ready by Cat Stevens (#77); The Entertainer by Billy Joel (#81); Get Dancin' by Disco Tex and the Sex-O-Lettes (#82); Best of My Love by the Eagles (#92); From His Woman to You by Barbara Mason (#94); Baby, Hang Up the Phone by Carl Graves (#97); Gee Baby by Peter Shelley (#98); Everybody Needs a Rainbow by Ray Stevens (#99); and Ride the Tiger by Jefferson Starship (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 My Melody of Love--Bobby Vinton
2 Life is a Rock (But the Radio Rolled Me)--Reunion
3 Whatever Gets You Thru the Night--John Lennon with the Plastic Ono Nuclear Band
4 You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
5 I Honestly Love You--Olivia Newton-John
6 When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees
7 After the Goldrush--Prelude
8 The Bitch is Back--Elton John
9 Jazzman--Carole King
10 So You are a Star--The Hudson Brothers

Singles entering the chart were Morning Side of the Mountain by Donny and Marie Osmond (#84); Bungle in the Jungle by Jethro Tull (#89); Please Mr. Postman by the Carpenters (#91); Dream On by the Rightesous Brothers (#92); You and I by Johnny Bristol (#94); Country Side of Life by Wet Willie (#95); Evil Boll Weevil by Grand Canyon (#96); Must of Got Lost by J. Geils Band (#97); Dark Horse by George Harrison (#98); Lady Ellen by James Leroy (#99); and The Heartbreak Kid by Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods (#100).

#1 single in Calgary: So You are a Star--The Hudson Brothers (2nd week at #1)

Football
NCAA
Notre Dame 24 @ Southern California 55

Anthony Davis scored 4 touchdowns and a 2-point convert as the Trojans scored 55 unanswered points--49 in the second half--to stun the Fighting Irish, the top-ranked defensive team in the nation, at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Mr. Davis scored 26 of USC's first 27 points, including a 102-yard return of the 2nd-half kickoff for a touchdown.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (8th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): When the Rain Begins to Fall--Jermaine Jackson and Pia Zadora (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): The Never Ending Story--Limahl (2nd week at #1)

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ahmadou Ahidjo, 65
. 1st President of Cameroon, 1960-1982. Mr. Ahidjo began his political career in territorial politics in 1946, eventually moving into higher positions in the later years of the French colonial regime. As Cameroon's first President, Mr. Ahidjo was re-elected several times, eventually outlawing opposition parties in 1976. He resigned in November 1982, allegedly because of ill health, and was succeeded in office by Paul Biya.

Alfred Herrhausen, 59. West German banker. Mr. Herrhausen was Chairman of Deutsche Bank and a member of the steering committee of the Bilderberg Group. He was killed by the detonation of a roadside bomb as he was being driven to work. The Red Army Faction terrorist organization was suspected of the murder, bu no one has ever been charged.

Diplomacy
The United States flew 282 embassy officials and dependents out of El Salvador, where fighting had renewed between the government and FMLN rebels.

20 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Lionel Stander, 86
. U.S. actor. Mr. Stander was a character actor in films and radio in the 1930s and early 1940s, but his career declined amid accusations that he was an active member of the Communist Party. He was blacklisted from Holywood for the better part of 25 years, workd in Europe, and eventually returned to the United States, where he played a regular supporting role in the television series Hart to Hart (1979-1984).

Music
The 2-CD album Live at the BBC by the Beatles, a compilation of 56 songs performed on BBC Light Programme broadcasts from 1963-1965, was released in the United Kingdom on Apple Records.

Economics and finance
The World Bank and 22 donor nations concluded two days of meetings in Brussels with participants agreeing to grant more than $200 million to the Palestinian National Authority quickly.

Politics and government
Democratic Party members of the U.S. House of Representatives elected Dick Gephardt (Missouri) as their leader for the 104th Congress, to convene in January 1995. David Bonior (Michigan) was elected Democratic party whip.

Disasters
The Italian-owned luxury liner MS Achille Lauro caught fire in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Somalia. Two people died and eight were injured during the transfer of 1,000 people from life rafts to the Panamanian tanker Hawaiian King.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Pierre Berton, 84
. Canadian journalist and author. One of Canada's most famous media personalities, Mr. Berton wrote for several newspapers, but was best known for his many books--especially those on Canadian history--and his appearances on television. His books included a trilogy on the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and two more on the War of 1812. Mr. Berton was a regular panelist on the CBC television quiz show Front Page Challenge for several decades, and hosted his own interview program, The Pierre Berton Show, on CTV from 1962-1973.

Disasters
Lion Air Flight 538 crash landed in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, killing 26.

Friday, 28 November 2014

November 29, 2014

700 years ago
1314


Died on this date
Philip IV, 46
. King of France, 1285-1314; King of Navarre and Count of Champagne, 1284-1314. Philip IV succeeded his father King Philip III on the French throne, a year after becoming King Philip I of Navarre and Count of Champagne upon his marriage to Queen Joan I of Navarre. Significant acts of Philip's reign included wars against England from 1294-1298 and 1300-1303; the expulsion of the Jews from France in 1306; and the annihilation of the Knights Templar order in 1307. Philip IV died several weeks after suffering a stroke and was succeeded by his son Louis, who became King Louis X of France and King Louis I of Navarre and Count of Champagne.

150 years ago
1864


Abominations
In the Sand Creek Massacre, 700 militia volunteers led by Colonel John Chivington slaughtered at least 150 peaceful Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians in southeastern Colorado Territory.

War
In the Battle of Spring Hill in the U.S. Civil War, a Confederate advance into Tennessee misses an opportunity to crush the Union Army, as the retreating Union forces retreated from Columbia, Tennessee through Spring Hill, finally making it to Franklin, Tennessee.

90 years ago
1924


Died on this date
Giacomo Puccini, 65
. Italian composer. Mr. Puccini was famous for operas such as La bohème (1896); Tosca (1900); and Madama Butterfly (1904).

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 1 @ Montreal Canadiens 7

The Canadiens' rout of the St. Patricks was the first game played at the Montreal Forum.

Football
CRU
Eastern Final @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Queen's University 11 Toronto Balmy Beach 3

Leading 5-1 in the 3rd quarter before 5,978 fans, the Tricolor scored the game's only touchdown when Morris Hughes' punt was blocked by Art Lewis at the Toronto 35-yard line and James Wright recovered and took it into the end zone. Balmy Beach had a chance to score a touchdown late in the game, but were stopped on the Queen's 1-yard line in the final seconds. The winner of the game was scheduled to play western champion Winnipeg Victorias at Varsity Stadium for the Grey Cup on December 6, but the Winnipeg players and management disagreed over which railway to take from Winnipeg to Toronto, and the Victorias announced on November 30 that they had cancelled their plans to travel to Toronto, thus giving Queen's its third straight Grey Cup championship, and the last ever for a university team. Balmy Beach was in its first season in the Ontario Rugby Football Union.

80 years ago
1934


Football
NFL
Chicago Bears (12-0) 19 @ Detroit (10-2) 16

The Lions began an annual tradition by playing at home on Thanksgiving Day, losing to the Bears, before 26,000 fans at University of Detroit Stadium. It was also the first game NFL game to be broadcast nationally on radio, with Graham McNamee calling the game for NBC.

75 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Philipp Scheidemann, 74
. Chancellor of Germany, 1919. Mr. Scheidermann, a member of the Social Democratic Party, proclaimed Germany a republic on the fall of the monarchy on November 9, 1918. He served as Chancellor from February 13-June 20, 1919, when he and his cabinet resigned in protest over the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. When the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, Mr. Scheidermann fled to Denmark; he died in Copenhagen.

70 years ago
1944


War
U.S. troops in Germany advanced on the left flank, taking Beeck and Lindern. Albania was liberated from Nazi occupation by partisan forces. Soviet troops in Hungary captured the ancient fortress city of Pecs as they forded the Danube River 100 miles south of Budapest. U.S. forces in the Philippines repulsed another Japanese effort to reinforce Leyte Island. B-29s from Saipan made their first attack upon Tokyo's industrial targets. U.S. fliers in China revealed that Japanese forces had made startling gains in the province of Kweichow, outflanking some Chinese units expected to defend the provincial capital of Kweiyang.

Defense
Carl Norden, inventor of the bombsight and automatic pilot bearing his name, received the Holley Medal from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Medicine
The first surgery (on a human) to correct blue baby syndrome was performed by Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore.

60 years ago
1954


On television tonight
Sherlock Holmes, starring Ronald Howard and H. Marion Crawford
Tonight's episode: The Case of the Winthrop Legend

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
James J. Braddock, 69
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Braddock, the "Cinderella Man," was a contender for the world light heavyweight title in the late 1920s, and earned a title fight with champion Tommy Loughran, but lost a close decision, and fractured his right hand, which led to his decline. He then worked as a longshoreman and was on government relief at one time, but gradually resumed his boxing career. An upset victory over heavyweight contender Corn Griffin enabled Mr. Braddock to become a contender in the heavyweight division, and he was given an opportunity to challenge Max Baer for the title at Madison Square Garden Bowl in Long Island City, New York on June 13, 1935. Mr. Braddock won a 15-round unanimous decision to take the championship in one of the biggest upsets in boxing history. He didn't defend the title until two years later, when he met Joe Louis on June 22, 1937 at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Mr. Braddock knocked the heavily-favoured "Brown Bomber" down in the 1st round, but lost the title when he wsa knocked out in the 8th round. Mr. Braddock retired from boxing after winning one more fight in 1938, finishing his professional career with a record of 51 wins, 26 losses, 7 draws, and 2 no contests.

Terrorism
CP Air Flight 71, a Boeing 737 jet, took off from Montreal for Edmonton, with planned stops in Ottawa, Toronto, and Winnipeg, but made an unplanned stop in Saskatoon when it was hijacked above Yorkton, Saskatchewan by passenger Naim Djemal, who demanded to go to Cyprus and took stewardess Lena Madsen hostage. Pilot Bob Pitcairn landed the plane at Saskatoon, ostensibly for refuelling, where Mr. Djemal surrendered and was arrested by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

Football
WFL
Playoffs
Round 2
Florida 18 @ Memphis 15

30 years ago
1984

Hit parade

Edmonton's top 30 (CHED)
1 The Wild Boys--Duran Duran
2 Caribbean Queen (No More Love on the Run)--Billy Ocean
3 Sea of Love--The Honeydrippers
4 Penny Lover--Lionel Richie
5 No More Lonely Nights--Paul McCartney
6 All Through the Night--Cyndi Lauper
7 Out of Touch--Daryl Hall John Oates
8 Run to You--Bryan Adams
9 We Belong--Pat Benatar
10 Valotte--Julian Lennon
11 The War Song--Culture Club
12 Stranger in Town--Toto
13 I Feel for You--Chaka Khan
14 Born in the U.S.A.--Bruce Springsteen
15 I Can't Hold Back--Survivor
16 Better Be Good to Me--Tina Turner
17 Walking on a Thin Line--Huey Lewis and the News
18 Tears--John Waite
19 I Do Wanna Know--REO Speedwagon
20 Had a Dream (Sleeping with the Enemy)--Roger Hodgson
21 Heaven (Must Be There)--Eurogliders
22 Teacher Teacher--.38 Special
23 I Need You Tonight--Peter Wolf
24 Lucky Star--Madonna
25 Pride (In the Name of Love)--U2
26 Like a Virgin--Madonna
27 The Boys of Summer--Don Henley
28 Hello Again--The Cars
29 Understanding--Bob Seger & the Silver Bullet Band
30 You're the Inspiration--Chicago

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Lambada--Kaoma (7th week at #1)

Music
Gordon Lightfooot performed at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton. This blogger paid $22 for his ticket.

Politics and government
Three days after the governing Congress Party lost more than half of its seats in parliamentary elections, Rajiv Gandhi announced his resignation as Prime Minister of India, subject to the selection of a new Prime Minister.

Czechoslovakia’s parliament deleted from the Constitution a provision guaranteeing the Communist Party the "leading role" in society.

20 years ago
1994


Economics and finance
The United States House of Representatives voted 288-146 in favour of the tariff-cutting provisions of the so-called Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Harry Danning, 93
. U.S. baseball player. "Harry the Horse" was a catcher with the New York Giants from 1933-1942, batting .285 with 57 home runs and 397 runs batted in in 890 games. He was one of the leading Jewish players of his era, and was considered to be one of the best defensive catchers of his era, playing for the National League in four straight major league All-Star games from 1938-1941.

John Drew Barrymore, 72. U.S. actor. Mr. Barrymore was the son of the famous actor John Barrymore. Like his father, the younger Barrymore was known for heavy drinking, but unlike the elder Barrymore, never amounted to much as an actor, appearing mainly in low-budget Hollywood and European movies and making guest appearances in episodes of Western television series.

Thursday, 27 November 2014

November 28, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Dede Hill and Chris Milner!

200 years ago
1814


Technology
The Times in London was printed for the first time by automatic, steam-powered presses built by the German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer, signalling the beginning of the availability of newspapers to a mass audience.

150 years ago
1864


Born on this date
Lindley Miller Garrison
. U.S. politician. Mr. Garrison was U.S. Secretary of War in the Administration of President Woodrow Wilson from 1913-1916. He died on October 19, 1932 at the age of 67.

100 years ago
1914


Economics and finance
Following a closure in July induced by the beginning of the Great War, the New York Stock Exchange re-opened for bond trading.

Football
IRFU
Final
Hamilton 4 @ Toronto 11

Jack O'Connor kicked 2 field goals for the Argonauts as they defeated the Tigers before 10,000 fans at Varsity Stadium in a replay of the previous week's 9-9 tie in Hamilton. Toronto halfback Smirle Lawson suffered a broken ankle.

80 years ago
1934


Music
The Montreal Symphony Orchestra gave its first performance.

75 years ago
1939


Died on this date
James Naismith, 78
. Canadian-born U.S. basketball pioneer. Dr. Naismith invented basketball in 1891 while working at the YMCA International Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts.

70 years ago
1944


War
The First Canadian convoy reached the newly-opened Dutch port of Antwerp after the channel is cleared of mines, and after capture of the island of Walcheren at the mouth. The Canadian House of Commons met secretly on the crisis over sending conscripts--popularly known as "Zombies"--abroad. U.S. forces in Germany continued to advance along the Saar Basin along a 26-mile front. Soviet troops in northern Hungary joined to force the Tisza River on a wide front.

Scandal
U.S. Assistant Attorney General Norman Littell, whose resignation had been demanded by Attorney General Francis Biddle, told the Senate War Investigating Committee that Mr. Biddle had intervened improperly in a Justice Department case on behalf of Thomas Corcoran, former New Deal "braintruster" now in private practice. Mr. Littell said that he refused "to cooperate with the conduct of the Attorney General which was contrary to principles of good government."

Economics and finance
The U.S. National Planning Association announced a report of its Committee on International Policy, which said that the U.S. must completely reverse its attitude on imports if it was to make the most of postwar trade opportunities and fulfill its obligations as the principal creditor nation.

Baseball
The Baseball Writers Association of America named Detroit Tigers' pitcher Hal Newhouser as the American League's Most Valuable Player for 1944. Mr. Newhouser had posted a record of 29-9 with an earned run average of 2.22.

60 years ago
1954


Died on this date
Enrico Fermi, 53
. Italian physicist. Dr. Fermi was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons." He was best known as one of the major figures of the Manhattan Project, the development of the first atomic bomb in World War II. He died of stomach cancer.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Ain't That Loving You Baby/Ask Me--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Le Pénitencier--Johnny Hallyday (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La mia festa--Richard Anthony (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Memphis--Johnny Rivers; Bernd Spier (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Little Red Rooster--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Leader of the Pack--The Shangri-Las

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Leader of the Pack--The Shangri-Las
2 Baby Love--The Supremes
3 Ringo--Lorne Greene
4 Come a Little Bit Closer--Jay and the Americans
5 She's Not There--The Zombies
6 You Really Got Me--The Kinks
7 Mr. Lonely--Bobby Vinton
8 Last Kiss--J. Frank Wilson and the Cavaliers
9 Time is on My Side--The Rolling Stones
10 Have I the Right?--The Honeycombs

Singles entering the chart were Dear Heart, with versions by Andy Williams and Jack Jones (#72); Love Potion No. 9 by the Searchers (#75); Without the One You Love (Life’s Not Worthwhile) by the Four Tops (#78); Don't Forget I Still Love You by Bobbi Martin (#81); Do-Wacka-Do by Roger Miller (#82); Thou Shalt Not Steal by Dick and DeeDee (#87); (There’s) Always Something There to Remind Me by Sandie Shaw (#88); Hawaii Tattoo by Martin Denny (#89, charting with the version by the Waikikis); Do Anything You Wanna (Part 1) by Harold Betters (#95); A Happy Guy by Rick Nelson (#96); A Woman's Love by Carla Thomas (#97); Getting Mighty Crowded by Betty Everett (#98); Watch Out, Sally! by Diane Renay (#99); and What Now by Gene Chandler (#100). Henry Mancini and his Orchestra's version of Dear Heart was mentioned with those of Andy Williams and Jack Jones, but not charted.

On television tonight
The Outer Limits, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Inheritors: Part II, starring Robert Duvall, Donald Harron, Steve Ihnat, and Ivan Dixon

Space
The U.S.A. launched the probe Mariner 4, whose mission was to measure radiation, magnetic fields, and micrometerorites in space and near Mars; to photograph Mars, and determine characteristics of Martian atmospheric pressure.

War
U.S. National Security Council members agreed to recommend that U.S. President Lyndon Johnson adopt a plan for a two-stage escalation of bombing in North Vietnam.

Politics and government
The Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands (NPD) (National Democratic Party) was founded in West Germany. The party has usually been described as far-right and/or neo-Nazi, and has had little electoral success in its first 50 years.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ CNE Stadium, Toronto
British Columbia 34 Hamilton 24

Bill Munsey scored both an offensive and defensive touchdown as the Lions beat the Tiger-Cats before 32,655 fans to win the Grey Cup for the first time in their 11-year history. B.C. fullback Bob Swift rushed 1 yard for a touchdown to open the scoring in the 1st quarter, but left in the 2nd quarter with a knee injury and was replaced by Mr. Munsey, who continued to play his regular defensive back position. With the Lions leading 7-0, Peter Kempf lined up for a field goal attempt, but holder Pete Ohler fumbled the snap, and picked up the ball and threw a touchdown pass to Jim Carphin. Joe Zuger punted 78 yards for a single to get Hamilton on the scoreboard, but Willie Fleming rushed 47 yards for a touchdown, and Mr. Kempf's convert gave the Lions a 20-1 halftime lead. In the 3rd quarter, Hamilton running back Johnny Counts took a lateral from quarterback Bernie Faloney and rushed 58 yards for a touchdown, converted by Don Sutherin, but Mr. Munsey rushed 18 yards for a touchdown and returned a fumble by Mr. Counts 65 yards for another TD, and B.C. led 34-8 after 3 quarters. Mr. Faloney threw touchdown passes to Tommy Grant and Stan Crisson in the 4th quarter.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Gonna Make You a Star--David Essex (2nd week at #1)

Music
Elton John performed at Madison Square Garden in New York. Mr. John had recently sung acompanying vocals on John Lennon's single Whatever Gets You Through the Night, and Mr. Lennon had promised Mr. John to join him on stage if the single reached #1 in the United States. That week, the single was #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, so Mr. Lennon kept his promise, joining Mr. John and his band for encore performances of Whatever Gets You Through the Night, Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds, and I Saw Her Standing There (see video here). It turned out to be Mr. Lennon's last concert appearance.

Energy
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau announced that it would fund a $3-million feasibility study of harnessing Bay of Fundy tides for electric power.

Hockey
NHL
The Montreal Canadiens traded left wing Chuck Lefley to the St. Louis Blues for defenseman Don Awrey. Mr. Lefley was in his fifth season with the Canadiens, but had scored just 1 goal and 2 assists in 18 games in 1974-75. Mr. Awrey was in his 12th season in the NHL--most of them spent with the Boston Bruins--and had scored no goals and 8 assists in 20 games with St. Louis in 1974-75.

Football
NFL
Denver (6-5-1) 31 @ Detroit (6-6) 27
Washington (8-4) 23 @ Dallas (7-5) 24

Rookie quarterback Clint Longley completed a 50-yard touchdown pass to Drew Pearson with 28 seconds remaining in regulation time, and Efren Herrera's convert was the winning point as the Cowboys came back from a 16-3 deficit to defeat the Redskins at Texas Stadium in Irving. Mr. Longley relieved starter Roger Staubach, who left the game with an injury.

25 years ago
1989


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Pimple

Diplomacy
West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl proposed a plan for the confederation of West and East Germany.

Politics and government
Czechoslovakian Premier Ladislav Adamec opened talks on sharing power with the opposition group Civic Forum.

Law
Canada’s House of Commons approved in principle new legislation on abortion, but the bill appeared not to satisfy activists on either side of the debate. The bill would amend the Criminal Code to permit abortion at any stage of pregnancy, provided one doctor determined that the physical, mental, or psychological health of the mother was threatened. Canadian Justice Minister Doug Lewis admitted that the legislation, introduced November 3, was a compromise that satisfied neither pro-abortion advocates demanding equal access to abortion in all parts of the country nor pro-lifers who wanted the procedure abolished. However, Mr. Lewis said that it would survive a court challenge because it "balances the rights of the woman with society’s interest in the protection of the fetus." If given final approval, the bill would fill a legal void created by the Supreme Court’s decision of January 28, 1988 that struck down Canada’s existing abortion law.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Secret--Madonna (3rd week at #1)
2 Always--Bon Jovi
3 Out of Tears--Rolling Stones
4 What's the Frequency, Kenneth--R.E.M.
5 Get Over It--Eagles
6 Insensitive--Jann Arden
7 Living in Danger--Ace of Base
8 Dance Naked--John Mellencamp
9 Motherless Child--Eric Clapton
10 When We Dance--Sting

Singles entering the chart were So Blind by Alan Frew (#71); How Do You Stop by Joni Mitchell (#77); She Picked on Me by Roch Voisine (#79); Landslide by Smashing Pumpkins (#87); Mental Picture by Jon Secada (#88); Nothing Behind Us by Richard Marx (#89); Dignity by Bob Dylan (#92); and The Strangest Party (These are the Times) by INXS (#94).

Died on this date
Buster Edwards, 63
. U.K. criminal. Mr. Edwards was one of the participants in the Great Train Robbery in 1963. He served nine years in prison and was released in 1975. Mr. Edwards was found hanging from a steel girder in a garage, but a panel recorded an open verdict.

Jerry Rubin, 56. U.S. social activist. Mr. Rubin was a prominent member of the American "New Left" in the 1960s as a founding membe of the Youth International Party, popularly known as "Yippies." He died of a heart attack two weeks after being struck by a car while jaywalking.

Jeffrey Dahmer, 34. U.S. criminal. Mr. Dahmer was a homosexual serial killer and cannibal who was known to have killed 17 boys and young men between 1978-1991. He was beaten to death by a fellow inmate at Columbia Correctional Institution in Wisconsin.

Politics and government
Norwegians voted 52.4% to 47.6% to reject membership in the European Union.

November 27, 2014

175 years ago
1839


Americana
The American Statistical Association was founded in Boston.

90 years ago
1924


Americana
The first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade was held in New York City.

Archaeology
The University of Chicago-Oxford University expedition excavating the ruins of Kisk reported that they had unearthed the palace of the first king of Babylon, the oldest architectural structure ever found in the Near East. Built of small biscuit-shaped bricks and extensively decorated, the palace, never built over, was said to be remarkably preserved.

Football
Canadian university-U.S. university (exhibition)
Toronto 18 @ Detroit 30

The University of Toronto, playing under Canadian rules for the 1st half, took an 18-3 halftime lead, but the Titans, playing under American rules in the 2nd half, scored 14 points in the 3rd quarter and 13 in the 4th to win the game before 8,000 fans at Dinan Field. The highlight for U of T was a 75-yard touchdown rush by Warren Snyder in the 1st quarter.

80 years ago
1934


Died on this date
Samuel P. Cowley, 35; Herman Hollis, 31
. U.S. law enforcement agents. Messrs. Cowley and Hollis were killed in a shootout with bank robber and murderer Baby Face Nelson in Barrington, Illinois.

Baby Face Nelson, 25. U.S. gangster. Born Lester Joseph Gillis, Mr. Nelson was a bank robber who was associated with John Dillinger. Mr. Nelson shot and killed three U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation agents in the line of duty. He died in Wilmette, Illinois after being wounded in a shootout with FBI agents in nearby Barrington.

75 years ago
1939


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Creeping Man

70 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Steamship Friesland

War
U.S. troops in Germany moved up anothe 6 miles on the Saar Basin, capturing Merten. All Britons and Americans in the Chinese province of Kweichow were directed to leave as Japanese forces advanced.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt accepted the resignation of Secretary of State Cordell Hull and named Edward Stettinius to succeed him.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the appointment of Major General Patrick Hurley as U.S. Ambassador to China.

Disasters
An explosion of several tons of ordnance at a Royal Air Force ammunition dump in Staffordshire, England killed about 70 people.

Football
Plans were announced in Chicago for the debut in 1945 of the United States Football League, with eight teams and Red Grange as president.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Sway--Dean Martin

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Need You Now--Eddie Fisher (Best Seller--3rd week at #1); Mr. Sandman--The Chordettes (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); This Ole House--Rosemary Clooney (Jukebox--3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Need You Now--Eddie Fisher (2nd week at #1)
2 Papa Loves Mambo--Perry Como
3 Mr. Sandman--The Chordettes
4 Hey There--Rosemary Clooney
--Sammy Davis, Jr.
5 If I Give My Heart to You--Doris Day
--Denise Lor
--Connee Boswell
6 Teach Me Tonight--The DeCastro Sisters
7 Shake, Rattle and Roll--Bill Haley and his Comets
8 Hold My Hand--Don Cornell
9 Mambo Italiano--Rosemary Clooney
10 This Ole House--Rosemary Clooney

Singles entering the chart were The Barking Dog by the Crew-Cuts (#27); My Bambino by Tony Martin (#36); and Bongo Guitar (Oye Negra) by Ralph Marterie and his Orchestra (#37).

Crime
Former U.S. government official and accused Soviet spy Alger Hiss was released from prison after serving 44 months for perjury.

Society
Ohio Governor Vic Donahey gave official approval to a nagging wife as a mitigation of punishment in a case of first-degree murder, and ordered the death penalty that had been imposed on James Brody of Sandusky, Ohio, who had murdered Mrs. Brady, commuted to life imprisonment.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Edmonton 26 Montreal 25

The Alouettes were leading the Eskimos 25-20 before 27,321 fans and were in possession of the ball deep in Edmonton territory with less than 3 minutes remaining in regulation time, when Montreal running back Chuck Hunsinger was hit and fumbled, and Edmonton defensive back Jackie Parker returned the ball 90 yards for the most dramatic touchdown in Grey Cup history. Bob Dean kicked the winning convert as the Eskimos won the Grey Cup for the first time in their history in one of the biggest upsets in Grey Cup history. The Eskimos led 14-6 in the 2nd quarter on touchdowns by Earl Lindley and Bernie Faloney and a convert and field goal by Mr. Dean, but the Alouettes, who had scored their first touchdown in the 1st quarter on a 90-yard pass from Sam Etcheverry to Red O'Quinn, struck for touchdowns on a 14-yard pass from Mr. Etcheverry to Mr. O'Quinn and an 8-yard rush by Mr. Hunsinger, all converted by Ray Poole, to take an 18-14 halftime lead. A single by Mr. Poole on a wide field goal attempt was the only point of the 3rd quarter, and Montreal took a 25-14 lead in the 4th quarter on a 13-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Etcheverry to Joey Pal. The Eskimos came back with a 14-yard touchdown rush by Glenn Lippman, converted by Mr. Dean, to make the score 25-20. After Edmonton took the lead, Mr. Etcheverry began another Montreal march, but Mr. O'Quinn lost the ball at the Edmonton 35-yard line, the play was ruled a fumble, and the Eskimos recovered. Mr. O'Quinn caught 12 passes for 290 yards, a Grey Cup record that still stands. It was the final game for Canadian Hall of Fame members Virgil Wagner of the Alouettes, Bill Zock of the Eskimos, and, most memorably, Edmonton centre Eagle Keys, who played much of the game with a broken leg.

Canadian university
Playoff
Toronto 9 @ Western Ontario 8

Steve Oneschuk rushed 5 yards for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter, converted his own TD, and added a 40-yard field goal as the Varsity Blues edged the Mustangs at J.W. Little Memorial Stadium in London to win the senior intercollegiate championship. John Girvin rushed 2 yards for a UWO touchdown in the 2nd quarter, converted by Gino Fracas. Mr. Fracas missed 2 field goal attempts, scoring singles on both kicks, which were the difference in the game. It was the final university game for both Mr. Fracas and Western quarterback Don Getty, who joined the Edmonton Eskimos of the Western Interprovincial Football Union in 1955.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Candy Store--Dickie Rock (5th week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Leader of the Pack--The Shangri-Las (3rd week at #1)
2 She's Not There--The Zombies
3 I Feel Fine--The Beatles
4 Slaughter on Tenth Avenue--The Ventures
5 Mr. Lonely--Bobby Vinton
6 Mountain of Love--Johnny Rivers
7 Alone and Lonely--Bobby Curtola
8 Run, Run, Run--The Gestures
9 I'm Into Something Good--Herman's Hermits
10 Do Wah Diddy Diddy--Manfred Mann
Pick hit of the week: I Feel Fine--The Beatles
New this week: Bucket T--Ronny and the Daytonas
Just Call, and I'll Be There--P.J. Proby
Dear Heart--Andy Williams
Boom Boom--The Animals
Lovin' Place--Gale Garnett
Leader of the Laundromat--The Detergents

Leader of the Laundromat was a spoof of Leader of the Pack.

Auto racing
Bobby Marshman suffered second- and third-degree burns in a crash at the one-mile oval in Phoenix while testing tires; he was able to leave the car unassisted, but died six days later.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: I'm Leaving It (All) Up to You--Donny and Marie Osmond (4th week at #1)

Football
WFL
Playoffs
Round 2
Hawaii 19 @ Birmingham 22

30 years ago
1984


Diplomacy
The governments of the United Kingdom and Spain signed the Brussels Agreement--to take effect in February 1985--under which the U.K. agreed to enter into discussions with Spain over Gibraltar, including sovereignty.

Hockey
NHL
Guy Lafleur, in his 14th season with the Montreal Canadiens, announced he his retirement from hockey after 518 goals and 728 assists in 962 games. In 19 games in 1984-85 he had scored just 2 goals and 3 assists as his playing time diminished.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_Lafleur

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): If I Could Turn Back Time--Cher (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Carlos Arias Navarro, 80
. Prime Minister of Spain, 1973-1976. Mr. Arias, a member of the Falange party, took office as Prime Minister on December 31, 1973 after the assassination of Luis Carrero Blanco. Mr. Arias was in office when dictator Francisco Franco died in 1975, and remained as Prime Minister until his dismissal by King Juan Carlos I on July 1, 1976.

War
FMLN rebels in El Salvador resumed their offensive in San Salvador, and the homes of several American diplomats were seized.

Protest
Millions of workers joined a two-hour general strike in Czechoslovakia.

Politics and government
The Virginia Board of Elections certified Democratic party candidate Douglas Wilder as the winner of the November 7 gubernatorial election.

Terrorism
A Boeing 727 jetliner, Avianca flight 203, exploded in mid-air over Colombia shortly after takeoff from Bogota, killing all 107 people on board and 3 people on the ground. The Medellín Cartel claimed responsibility for the attack.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Cotton Eye Joe--Rednex (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Cotton Eye Joe--Rednex

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ B.C. Place Stadium, Vancouver
British Columbia 26 Baltimore 23

Lui Passaglia kicked a 38-yard field goal on the last play of regulation time to give the Lions the win over the Baltimore Football Club before 55,097 fans. The field goal was Mr. Passaglia's fourth of the game; he also converted both B.C. touchdowns, which came on a 17-yard interception return by Charles Gordon in the 2nd quarter, and a 1-yard quarterback sneak by Danny McManus in the 3rd quarter. Baltimore touchdowns were scored by quarterback Tracy Ham on a 1-yard rush at 8:39 of the 2nd quarter and a 36-yard interception return by Karl Anthony just 35 seconds later. Donald Igwebuike converted both and added 3 field goals. Mr. Anthony was named the game's Most Valuable Player. It was the final game in the 11-year Hall of Fame career of B.C. defensive back Less Browne.

10 years ago
2004


Religion
Pope John Paul II returned the relics of 4th century Archbishop of Constantinople Saint John Chrysostom to the Eastern Orthodox Church.

Football
CIS
Vanier Cup @ Ivor Wynne Stadium, Hamilton
Laval 7 Saskatchewan 1

Matthew Leblanc's 12-yard field goal with 2:51 remaining in the 3rd quarter provided the winning margin as the Rouge et Or overcame a 1-0 halftime deficit before 14,227 fans to defeat the Huskies and win their second straight national championship and the first Vanier Cup to be played outside Toronto. Saskatchewan punter Brad Ollen's single in the 1st quarter was the only scoring until Mr. Leblanc's field goal. Mr. Leblanc missed a 16-yard field goal with 9:51 remaining in the 4th quarter, scoring a single to make the score 4-1. Laval added a safety touch with 5:50 remaining to take a 6-1 lead, and Jeronimo Huerta-Flores punted for a single with 34 seconds remaining to close the scoring in the lowest-scoring Vanier Cup ever, and the first without a touchdown.

Wednesday, 26 November 2014

November 26, 2014

225 years ago
1789

Americana

The United States celebrated its first Thanksgiving since President George Washington had issued his Thanksgiving Proclamation on October 3.

75 years ago
1939


War
The Soviet Army shelled the Russian village of Mainila near the Finnish border, an incident which was used to justify the start of the Winter War with Finland four days later.

70 years ago
1944


War
A German V-2 rocket hit a Woolworth's store on New Cross High Street in London, killing 168 people. Germany began V-1 and V-2 rocket attacks on Antwerp, Belgium. U.S. forces in Germany split the Maginot Line in gains of five miles on the Saar basin front.

Politics and government
Itlaian Prime Minister Ivanoe Bonomi and his cabinet resigned.

Defense
The 17,000-ton U.S. Navy aircraft carrier Bon Homme Richard was commissioned at the New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn in the presence of 10,000 invited guests.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): This Ole House--Rosemary Clooney

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: (There's) Always Something There to Remind Me--Sandie Shaw

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Baby Love--The Supremes (2nd week at #1)

40 years ago
1974


Died on this date
Cyril Connolly, 71
. U.K. writer. Mr. Connolly was an influential literary critic. He edited the magazine Horizon from 1940-1949.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (6th week at #1)

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Lambada--Kaoma (14th week at #1)

Politics and government
Four days of voting in parliamentary elections in India concluded with the governing Congress Party under the leadership of Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi losing more than half its seats; opposition parties won more than half of the seats.

In a national referendum, Hungarians voted in favour of letting their next parliament choose the president of the country. Opposition groups had favoured this approach, rather than the direct election of the president. Parliamentary elections were to take place in 1990.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ SkyDome, Toronto
Saskatchewan 43 Hamilton 40

Dave Ridgway’s 35-yard field goal with 2 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Roughriders the win over the Tiger-Cats in one of the most exciting Grey Cup games ever played. It was the second Grey Cup win for the Roughriders, and their first in 23 years. 54,088 were in attendance at the first Grey Cup to be played at SkyDome. Mr. Ridgway’s game-winning field goal, his fourth of the game, came just 42 seconds after Tony Champion had made a spectacular touchdown catch which, after Paul Osbaldiston’s convert, tied the game. Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin, who was chosen the game’s outstanding offensive player, completed 26 of 41 passes for 474 yards and touchdowns to Ray Elgaard, Jeff Fairholm, and Don Narcisse. Tim McCray ran 1 yard for the other Roughrider touchdown. Mr. Ridgway converted all 4 touchdowns, Terry Baker punted for a single, and the Roughriders scored a safety touch. Saskatchewan receiver Mark Guy caught 4 passes for 100 yards and returned 4 kickoffs for 127 and 1 punt for 6. Hamilton quarterback Mike Kerrigan completed 23 of 35 passes for 303 yards and 3 touchdowns. Mr. Champion led all receivers with 8 receptions for 106 yards and 2 touchdowns, while Hamilton running back Derrick McAdoo carried 21 times for 83 yards and a touchdown, caught 2 passes for 29 yards and another touchdown, and returned 3 kickoffs for 75. Mr. Osbaldiston added 4 converts and 4 field goals. Saskatchewan defensive tackle Chuck Klingbeil, who recorded 2 quarterback sacks, was named the game’s outstanding defensive player, and Mr. Ridgway was chosen the outstanding Canadian. The Tiger-Cats led 13-1 after the first quarter and 27-22 at halftime. The Roughriders led 34-30 after three quarters.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Tomorrow--Silverchair (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Cotton Eye Joe--Rednex (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): King of Your Heart--Good Shape

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Hymn--Caballero (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Make Love to You--Boyz II Men (14th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'll Make Love to You--Boyz II Men (13th week at #1)
2 Here Comes the Hotstepper--Ini Kamoze
3 Secret--Madonna
4 On Bended Knee--Boyz II Men
5 All I Wanna Do--Sheryl Crow
6 Always--Bon Jovi
7 I'm the Only One--Melissa Etheridge
8 I Wanna Be Down--Brandy
9 Never Lie--Immature
10 You Want This/70's Love Groove--Janet Jackson

Singles entering the chart were Shame by Zhane (#56); Girl, You'll Be a Woman Soon by Overkill (#74); Constantly by Immature (#77); Spin the Black Circle/Tremor Christ by Pearl Jam (#78); Foolin' Around by Changing Faces (#87); Dream Away by Babyface & Lisa Stansfield (#88); and Sun's Gonna Rise by Sass Jordan (#91). Dream Away was from the movie The Pagemaster (1994).

10 years ago
2004


Crime
A man stabbed and killed eight people and seriously wounded another four in a school dormitory in Ruzhou, China.

Science
The last Poʻouli (Black-faced honeycreeper) died of avian malaria in the Maui Bird Conservation Center in Olinda, Hawaii before it could breed, making the species in all probability extinct.

November 25, 2014

175 years ago
1839


Disasters
A cyclone struck India with high winds and a 40-foot storm surge, destroying the port city of Coringa. The storm wave swept inland, taking with it 20,000 ships and thousands of people. An estimated 300,000 deaths resulted.

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, a group of Confederate operatives calling themselves the Confederate Army of Manhattan started fires in more than 20 locations in an unsuccessful attempt to burn down New York City.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Joe DiMaggio
. Mr. DiMaggio, nicknamed "The Yankee Clipper," was the second of three brothers who were major league outfielders, and was one of the greatest players of his era (1936-1942, 1946-1951), playing center field with the New York Yankees for his entire career. He batted .325 with 361 home runs and 1,537 runs batted in 1,736 games. Joltin' Joe's achievements are too numerous to mention here, but perhaps his most amazing statistic is that he had just 8 more strikeouts than home runs in his career. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1955. Mr. DiMaggio died on March 8, 1999 at the age of 84.

80 years ago
1934


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Today’s episode: The Adventure of the Syrian Mummy

75 years ago
1939


Football
IRFU
Finals
Ottawa 28 @ Toronto 6 (Ottawa won 2-game, total points series 39-6)

ORFU
Finals
Sarnia 18 @ Montreal 13 (Sarnia won 2-game, total points series 31-14)

Ottawa's Arnie McWatters recovered his own 45-yard punt to the Toronto end zone for a touchdown to open the scoring as the Rough Riders routed the Argonauts before 20,000 fans at Varsity Stadium. Andy Tommy rushed 78 yards in the 3rd quarter to set up his own 1-yard touchdown rush; Tony Golab rushed 1 yard for a touchdown; and Orville Burke completed a pass to Tommy Daley for the other Ottawa TD. Doug McPherson scored the only Toronto touchdown on a 21-yard fumble return in the 3rd quarter.

The Westmounts amassed 20 first downs and 356 yards total offense to just 1 first down and 40 yards total offense for the Imperials, but Sarnia took advantage of Montreal fumbles to win the game and the series. Montreal's Ray Mullins was a notable goat: he fumbled the opening kickoff, which Sarnia's Ike Norris recovered for a touchdown, and lost a fumble on his 1-yard line, leading to a 1-yard touchdown rush by Mike Hedgewick on the next play. Lyle Withers scored the Imperials' final touchdown when the Westmounts fumbled a punt in their own end zone and Mr. Withers recovered.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You Always Hurt the One You Love--The Mills Brothers (4th week at #1)

Theatre
The Man Who Had All the Luck, written by Arthur Miller and starring Karl Swenson, closed at the Forrest Theatre on Broadway in New York City after just four performances. It was Mr. Miller's first play to be performed on Broadway, and its failure just about finished his career.

Died on this date
Kenesaw Mountain Landis, 78
. Commissioner of Baseball, 1920-1944. Mr. Landis was a judge on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois from 1905-1922, and was appointed baseball's first Commissioner in the wake of the "Black Sox" scandal, when members of the Chicago White Sox conspired with gamblers to throw the 1919 World Series against the Cincinnati Reds. He banned eight White Sox players for life, which remained the signature act of his reign, the achievements of which are too numerous to mention here. Judge Landis died five days after his 78th birthday.

Abominations
The U.S. War Refugee Board revealed the first details of Nazi atrocities at the death camps of Birkenau and Auschwitz in Poland, stating that 1.7 million Jews had been murdered there.

War
The Canadian corvette HMCS Shawinigan was lost in Newfoundland's Cabot Strait. Soviet units in Hungary captured Hatvan, 30 miles northeast of Budapest, while other units landed on Csepel Island in the Danube River.

Protest
Anti-conscription riots took place in Montreal and Quebec City after Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King's announcement that 16,000 conscripts would be sent to England.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board agreed to permit some adjustments in the steel wage formula, but rejected a Congress of Industrial Organizations demand for a guaranteed annual wage.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Civic Stadium, Hamilton
Montreal St. Hyacinthe-Donnacona 7 Hamilton Wildcats 6

Dutch Davey completed a 33-yard touchdown pass to Johnny Taylor in the 2nd quarter and then punted for the winning point in the 4th quarter as the "Combines" edged the Wildcats before 3,871 fans to become the last armed services team to win the Grey Cup. Mr. Taylor's touchdown gave the Navy club a 6-0 halftime lead, which stood until the Wildcats tied the game in the 4th quarter on a touchdown by Paul Miocinovich, converted by Joe Krol. This was the last Grey Cup between two eastern teams.

50 years ago
1964


Football
CFL
The Schenley Awards for the CFL's most outstanding players of 1964 were handed out in Toronto. Calgary Stampeders' fullback Lovell Coleman was named Most Outstanding Player over Toronto Argonauts' halfback Dick Shatto; Hamilton Tiger-Cats' flanker Tommy Grant was named Most Outstanding Canadian Player over Calgary Stampeders' defensive back and kicker Larry Robinson; and British Columbia Lions' middle guard Tom Brown was named Most Outstanding Lineman over Hamilton Tiger-Cats' defensive tackle John Barrow.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Honestly Love You--Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Rock Your Baby--George McCrae (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
U Thant, 65
. Burmese diplomat. Mr. Thant was 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1961-1971, dealing with world events such as the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Vietnam War, and the independence of African colonies.

Nick Drake, 26. Burmese-born U.K. musician. Mr. Drake was a singer-songwriter and guitarist who recorded three albums from 1969-1972. He was ignored during his lifetime, but since his death from an antidepressant overdose, has become an influence on a number of British musicians.

Football
NFL
Pittsburgh (8-2-1) 28 @ New Orleans (4-7) 7

Baseball
The California Angels released outfielder Tony Conigliaro, more than three years after he had played his last game. Mr. Conigliaro had played with the Boston Red Sox from 1964-1970 before being traded to California. Eye trouble left over from a severe 1967 beaning returned, and he had quit the Angels in July 1971.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France (SNEP): Besoin de rien, envie de toi--Peter and Sloane (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: When the Rain Begins to Fall--Jermaine Jackson and Pia Zadora

Music
36 top British musicians gathered in a Notting Hill studio and recorded the song Do They Know It's Christmas? under the name Band Aid in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): If I Could Turn Back Time--Cher (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Lambada--Kaoma (9th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Lily Was Here--David A. Stewart and Candy Dulfer

#1 single in the U.K.: You Got It (The Right Stuff)--New Kids on the Block

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Blame It on the Rain--Milli Vanilli

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Blame it on the Rain--Milli Vanilli
2 Angelia--Richard Marx
3 (It's Just) The Way that You Love Me--Paula Abdul
4 Love Shack--The B-52's
5 When I See You Smile--Bad English
6 We Didn't Start the Fire--Billy Joel
7 Listen to Your Heart--Roxette
8 Poison--Alice Cooper
9 Get on Your Feet--Gloria Estefan
10 Back to Life--Soul II Soul

Singles entering the chart were Downtown Train by Rod Stewart (#54); Tender Lover by Babyface (#70); I Remember You by Skidrow (#75); Was it Nothing at All by Michael Damian (#77); Lullaby by the Cure (#80); and Janie's Got a Gun by Aerosmith (#87).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Listen to Your Heart--Roxette
2 Sowing the Seeds of Love--Tears for Fears
3 When I See You Smile--Bad English
4 Miss You Much--Janet Jackson
5 Angelia--Richard Marx
6 No Souvenirs--Melissa Etheridge
7 Cover Girl--New Kids on the Block
8 Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins
9 The Best--Tina Turner
10 We Didn't Start the Fire--Billy Joel

Singles entering the chart were Too Hot by Loverboy (#78); Free Fallin' by Tom Petty (#82); White Hot by Tom Cochrane & Red Rider (#84); Janie's Got a Gun by Aerosmith (#87); Devolution Workin' Man Blues by the Alarm (#89); Sacrifice by Elton John (#91); A Girl Like You by the Smithereens (#92); and 500 Miles by the Hooters (#96). White Hot was a new version of the song that had originally been a hit for Red Rider in 1980.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Old Pop in an Oak--Rednex

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Spanish Lady--Dustin (2nd week at #1)

Monday, 24 November 2014

November 24, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Brenda Heaps and Fermina Martinez!

375 years ago
1639


Space
The transit of Venus across the Sun was first observed.

150 years ago
1864


Born on this date
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
. French artist. Mr. Toulouse-Lautrec was known for his paintings and illustrations of Paris night life in the late 19th century. He died from drink and syphilis on September 9, 1901 at the age of 36.

80 years ago
1934


Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Sarnia 20 Regina 12

The Imperials, winners of four straight Ontario Rugby Football Union championships, defeated the Roughriders 20-12 in front of 8,900 fans for their first Grey Cup win. It was the sixth time in seven years that the Roughriders had played in the Grey Cup, and they had yet to win. Gordon Paterson and Johnny Manone scored the Sarnia touchdowns. Alex Hayes drop-kicked 2 converts and a field goal, while Hugh "Bummer" Stirling punted for 5 singles for the Imperials. Ted Olson and Steve Adkins scored touchdowns for Regina; Paul Kirk converted one of them, and Mr. Olson added a single. It was the first Grey Cup in which the western team had scored more than one touchdown. The game marked the end of the 15-year Hall of Fame career of Sarnia's Norm Perry.

70 years ago
1944


Music
Rounds, a composition by David Diamond that had been commissioned by the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, was given its premiere performance by that orchestra.

War
U.S. World War II casualties through November 7 were reported to be 528,795, including 162,860 killed. U.S. forces in Germany reached a line from Kesselingen to Remering, thus threatening the Saar Basin. U.S. planes destroyed three transports and a destroyer escort carrying Japanese reinforcements to Leyte Island in the Philippines. U.S. Pacific Fleet planes struck at Luzon Island, sinking 20 Japanese ships. The first bombing raid against Tokyo from the east and by land was carried out by 88 American aircraft.

Politics and government
Stanislaw Mikolajczyk, Prime Ministe of Poland's government-in-exile in London, resigned after a cabinet disagreement over methods of negotiating with the U.S.S.R.

Defense
The annual convention of the U.S. Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools urged a delay in universal military training legislation until war emotions subsided.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations criticized the U.S. National War Labor Board for poor administration and unfortunate policies, and asked for an immediate upward revision of the Little Steel wage formula.

50 years ago
1964


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Cage, with guest stars Brenda Scott, Tim O'Connor, and Joe De Santis

40 years ago
1974


Terrorism
British police charged six men in connection with the bombings of two pubs in Birmingham three days earlier.

Science
Donald Johanson and Tom Gray discovered the 40%-complete Australopithecus afarensis skeleton, nicknamed "Lucy," in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia's Afar Depression.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ Empire Stadium, Vancouver
Montreal 20 Edmonton 7

Don Sweet set a Grey Cup record with 4 field goals as the Alouette defense smothered the Eskimo offense to win the last Grey Cup ever played at Empire Stadium before 34,450 rain-soaked fans. The Eskimos opened the scoring in the 1st quarter on an 8-yard touchdown pass from Tom Wilkinson to Calvin Harrell, but Mr. Wilkinson had suffered a shoulder injury on a late hit by Montreal defensive end Junior Ah You just before the touchdown, and was forced to leave the game, and the Eskimos never recovered their offensive momentum. Mr. Sweet scored a single on a wide field goal attempt in the 2nd quarter and converted Larry Sherrer's 5-yard touchdown rush before kicking a 27-yard field goal with 3 seconds remaining in the 1st half to give the Alouettes an 11-7 halftime lead. He added 3 more field goals in the 2nd half to provide Montreal with a comfortable lead. Montreal quarterback Sonny Wade, who relieved starter Jimmy Jones and completed 10 of 25 passes for 139 yards, was named the game's Most Valuable Player on offense, while Mr. Ah You was the MVP on defense. Mr. Sweet was awarded the Dick Suderman Memorial Trophy as the game's outstanding Canadian player. It was the last game in the 14-year Hall of Fame career of Montreal defensive back Marv Luster.

NFL
Atlanta (2-9) 0 @ San Francisco (4-7) 27
Buffalo (8-3) 15 @ Cleveland (3-8) 10
Chicago (3-8) 17 @ Detroit (6-5) 34
Dallas (6-5) 10 @ Houston (5-6) 0
Denver (5-5-1) 20 @ Oakland (9-2) 17
Kansas City (4-7) 6 @ Cincinnati (7-4) 33
Miami (8-3) 14 @ New York Jets (4-7) 17
Minnesota (7-4) 17 @ Los Angeles (8-3) 20
Philadelphia (4-7) 7 @ Washington (8-3) 26
St. Louis (9-2) 23 @ New York Giants (2-9) 21
San Diego (3-8) 0 @ Green Bay (6-5) 34
New England (7-4) 27 @ Baltimore (2-9) 17

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I Just Called To Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): Purple Rain--Prince and the Revolution (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Purple Rain--Prince and the Revolution (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Feel for You--Chaka Khan (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: I Feel for You--Chaka Khan (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Wake Me Up Before You Go Go--Wham! (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Wake Me Up Before You Go Go--Wham!
2 Purple Rain--Prince and the Revolution
3 I Feel for You--Chaka Khan
4 Caribbean Queen (No More Love on the Run)--Billy Ocean
5 Strut--Sheena Easton
6 I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder
7 Out of Touch--Daryl Hall John Oates
8 Better Be Good to Me--Tina Turner
9 All Through the Night--Cyndi Lauper
10 Desert Moon--Dennis DeYoung

Singles entering the chart were Easy Lover by Philip Bailey (with Phil Collins) (#66); Misled by Kool & The Gang (#86); Foolish Heart by Steve Perry (#88); Neutron Dance by the Pointer Sisters (#89); and The Wild Life by Bananarama (#90). Neutron Dance was from the movie Beverly Hills Cop (1984).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Wake Me Up Before You Go Go--Wham! (3rd week at #1)
2 I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder
3 Purple Rain--Prince and the Revolution
4 The Glamorous Life--Sheila E.
5 Hard Habit to Break--Chicago
6 Caribbean Queen (No More Love on the Run)--Billy Ocean
7 The War Song--Culture Club
8 Better Be Good to Me--Tina Turner
9 Out of Touch--Daryl Hall John Oates
10 Lucky Star--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were Like a Virgin by Madonna (#71); Ti Amo by Laura Branigan (#74); Do What You Do by Jermaine Jackson (#75); Born in the U.S.A. by Bruce Springsteen (#84); Smalltown Boy by the Bronski Beat (#85); It Ain't Enough by Corey Hart (#88); and Romantic Traffic by the Spoons (#92).

Football
CIAU
Vanier Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Guelph 22 Mount Allison 13

The Gryphons scored 15 points in the 4th quarter to defeat the Mounties 22-13 and win their first Vanier Cup in front of 19,842 fans. Parri Ceci, who was named the game’s outstanding player, caught an 89-yard touchdown pass from Randy Walters in the first quarter, and with the Gryphons trailing 13-7 in the fourth quarter, made an outstanding catch for a 38-yard touchdown on a pass from Mr. Walters to tie the game. Tim Quirke’s convert was blocked, but Mr. Quirke kicked a 24-yard field goal with 2:50 remaining to give the Gryphons a 16-13 lead. Jed Tommy ran 1 yard for a touchdown on the game’s final play; the convert wasn’t attempted because so many fans had run onto the field. Mr. Quirke was succesfsful in converting Guelph’s first touchdown. Defensive back Scott Cameron scored Mount Allison’s touchdown on a fumble recovery. Terry Baker converted and kicked field goals of 11 and 24 yards, but also missed 4 field goals.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Lambada--Kaoma (10th week at #1)

Politics and government
24 members of the Czechoslovakian Politburo and Secretariat--the entire leadership of the ruling Communist Party--resigned to make way for democratic changes. A new Presidium, including 6 holdovers, was named, with Karel Urbanek as general secretary of the party. Alexander Dubcek, who had led the "Prague Spring" reform movement in 1968 before it had been crushed by an invasion from the U.S.S.R., spoke to a crowd of 250,000 in Prague’s Wenceslas Square.

Nicolae Ceausescu, who had been in power since 1965, was unanimously re-elected secretary of the Romanian Communist Party at the party’s 14th Congress in Bucharest.

Health
The Journal of the American Medical Association reported that women who take non-prescription multivitamin pills containing folic acid early in pregnancy reduce the risk of having a baby with certain neurological defects. These neural tube defects include anencephaly (tha absence of part or all of the brain); and spina bifida, in which part of the spinal cord protrudes from the spinal column. Mothers who took these pills during the first 6 weeks of pregnancy had only ¼ as many babies with these defects as women who did not take such pills. 23,000 women participated in the study.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Feeling So Real--Moby (2nd week at #1)

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Arthur Hailey, 84
. U.K.-born author. Mr. Hailey was known for bestselling novels such as In High Places (1962); Hotel (1965); and Airport (1968).

Sunday, 23 November 2014

November 23, 2014

200 years ago
1814


Died on this date
Elbridge Gerry, 70
. 5th Vice President of the United States of America, 1813-1814. Mr. Gerry represented Massachusetts' 3rd District in the United States House of Representatives from 1789-1793 before joining the Democratic-Republican Party, serving as Governor of Massachusetts from 1810-1812 and then as U.S. Vice President under President James Madison. He died after suddenly taking ill, becoming the first U.S. Vice President to die in office. Mr. Gerry is best known as the inspiration for the term gerrymander, referring to the manipulation of the boundaries of electoral districts in order to give an advantage to a particular party or candidate. In 1812, Mr. Gerry, then Governor of Massachusetts, signed a bill that redistricted the state to favour the Democratic-Republican Party. The shape of one of the districts was said to resemble a salamander when shown on a map, hence the term.

125 years ago
1889


Technology
The first jukebox was installed at the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Donald Nixon
. U.S. restaurateur. Mr. Nixon, a younger brother of U.S. President Richard Nixon, operated a drive-in restaurant called Nixon's in Whittier, California. In 1957 he accepted a loan of $205,000 from billionaire Howard Hughes to bail out the financially-troubled restaurant, but many suspeced that the loan was actually a political favour for Richard Nixon. Donald Nixon died on June 27, 1987 at the age of 72.

War
The last U.S. forces withdrew from the Mexican city of Veracruz, occupied seven months earlier in response to the Tampico Affair.

90 years ago
1924


Space
Astronomer Edwin Hubble's scientific discovery that Andromeda, previously believed to be a nebula within the Milky Way, was actually another galaxy, and that the Milky Way is only one of many such galaxies in the universe, was first published in a newspaper.

80 years ago
1934


World events
An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovered an Italian garrison at Walwal, well within Ethiopian territory. The discovery led to the Abyssinia Crisis.

75 years ago
1939


War
The British armed merchant cruiser HMS Rawalpindi was sunk by the German battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau north of the Faroe Islands, with the loss of 238 men, including Captain Edward Kennedy. 48 survivors were picked up.

70 years ago
1944


Theatre
The Man Who Had All the Luck, written by Arthur Miller and starring Karl Swenson, opened at the Forrest Theatre on Broadway in New York City. It was Mr. Miller's first play to be performed on Broadway.

War
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King issued an order-in-council making 16,000 conscripts--popularly known as "Zombies"--eligible for immediate overseas duty as reinforcements. French troops entered Strasbourg against light German opposition. Soviet troops renewed their drive in the eastern end of Slovakia, capturing Cop. American planes destroyed or damaged frour troop-laden Japanese ships heading for Ormoc in the Philippines.

World events
Two days after being arrested, U.K. author P.G. Wodehouse was released by Paris police with the provision that he report at intervals to French authorities.

Politics and government
Yugoslavian leader Marshal Tito announced plans for a federal democratic government in Yugoslavia.

Aviation
The technical committtees of the International Civil Aviation Conference in Chicago adopted a code of common practices involving worthiness of craft; identification markers; weather reporting procedures; scales; symbols; and customs procedures.

Health
The Journal of the American Medical Association published a Duke University study claiming that Americans with a normal diet did not benefit from vitamins.

60 years ago
1954


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Gielgud and Ralph Richardson, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight's episode: The Norwood Builder

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 382.74, marking its highest level since before the crash of October 29, 1929.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ma Vie--Alain Barriere (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Canada (RPM): Ain't That Loving You Baby--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The McGregor Affair, starring Andrew Duggan, Elsa Lanchester, Bill Smith, and John Hoyt

Football
CFL
Bobby Dobbs resigned as head coach of the Calgary Stampeders, the day after they had been defeated in the Western Finals by the British Columbia Lions. Jim Finks had resigned as the Stampeders' general manager in September to accept the same position with the Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League, and Mr. Dobbs was one of those interested in the vacant Calgary position. However, the Stampeder directors chose one of Mr. Dobbs' assistant coaches, Rogers Lehew, to be the new general manager, and Mr. Dobbs was unwilling to work under someone who had worked under him, especially when he also wanted the job. In 4 seasons as head coach of the Stampeders Mr. Dobbs compiled a record of 44-33-3, and led the team into the Western Finals 3 times, losing every time. He announced his resignation at the team's end-of-season party, and was never heard from in the CFL again.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Sing a Song of Love--George Baker Selection

#1 single in the U.K.: Gonna Make You a Star--David Essex (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Can Help--Billy Swan

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
2 My Melody of Love--Bobby Vinton
3 I Can Help--Billy Swan
4 Longfellow Serenade--Neil Diamond
5 Back Home Again--John Denver
6 When Will I See You Again--The Three Degrees
7 Whatever Gets You Thru the Night--John Lennon with the Plastic Ono Nuclear Band
8 Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas
9 Everlasting Love--Carl Carlton
10 Life is a Rock (But the Radio Rolled Me)--Reunion

Singles entering the chart were Please Mr. Postman by the Carpenters (#70); Morning Side of the Mountain by Donny and Marie Osmond (#71); Dark Horse by George Harrison (#73); Postcard by the Who (#78); Dancin' Fool by the Guess Who (#81); Free Bird by Lynyrd Skynyrd (#85); Coldblooded by James Brown (#91); Doctor's Orders by Carol Douglas (#92); Pick Up the Pieces by Average White Band (#94); I Feel Sanctified by the Commodores (#95); If by Telly Savalas (#96); Ruby, Baby by Billy "Crash" Craddock (#97); Love Me Now by Ruby Winters (#98); Harlem by the 5th Dimension (#99); and Rock 'N Roll (I Gave You the Best Years of My Life) by Terry Jacks (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet--Bachman-Turner Overdrive (3rd week at #1)
2 Whatever Gets You Thru the Night--John Lennon with the Plastic Ono Nuclear Band
3 My Melody of Love--Bobby Vinton
4 The Bitch is Back--Elton John
5 Life is a Rock (But the Radio Rolled Me)--Reunion
6 I Honestly Love You--Olivia Newton-John
7 After the Goldrush--Prelude
8 Can't Get Enough--Bad Company
9 So You are a Star--The Hudson Brothers
10 Tin Man--America

Singles entering the chart were Dancin' Fool by the Guess Who (#76); Never Can Say Goodbye by Gloria Gaynor (#82); All that I Could Ever Be is Me by Bob Rapson (#85); Ain't Too Proud to Beg by the Rolling Stones (#92); Only You by Ringo Starr (#93); Fairytale by the Pointer Sisters (#96); Three Ring Circus by Blue Magic (#97); Early Morning Love by Sammy Johns (#98); Black Lassie (Featuring Johnny Stash) by Cheech & Chong (#99); and Nobody by the Doobie Brothers (#100).

Calgary's top 10
1 So You are a Star--The Hudson Brothers
2 You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
3 Carrie's Gone--J.C. Stone
4 Can't Get Enough--Bad Company
5 Tin Man--America
6 Pencil Thin Mustache--Jimmy Buffett
7 Whatever Gets You Thru the Night--John Lennon with the Plastic Ono Nuclear Band
8 Ramona--Stampeders
9 Back Home Again--John Denver
10 Everlasting Love--Carl Carlton
Pick hit of the week: Play Something Sweet (Brickyard Blues)--Three Dog Night

Died on this date
Cornelius Ryan, 54
. Irish-born U.S. journalist and author. Mr. Ryan was best known for his World War II history books The Longest Day: 6 June 1944 D-Day (1959); The Last Battle (1966); and A Bridge Too Far (1974). He died of prostate cancer just two months after the publication of A Bridge Too Far, and while that book was topping bestseller lists.

Abominations
60 Ethiopian politicians, aristocrats, military officers, and other persons were executed by the country's provisional military government.

Hockey
NHL
Philadelphia 6 @ Toronto 3

The defending Stanley Cup champion Flyers beat the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast. The highlight for Toronto fans was Eddie Shack's first goal of the season. The low point was Philadelphia centre and captain Bobby Clarke's vicious and unprovoked attack on Toronto defenceman Rod Seiling. Mr. Clarke speared Mr. Seiling in the stomach and then proceeded to beat him up. Mr. Clarke was a dirty player, but he was usually more subtle about it than on this occasion.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): When the Rain Begins to Fall--Jermaine Jackson and Pia Zadora (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): The Never Ending Story--Limahl

Disasters
Almost 1,000 passengers were trapped in smoke-filled tunnels for three hours after a fire at London's busiest underground station, Oxford Circus.

Football
NCAA
Doug Flutie’s 48-yard touchdown pass to Gerard Phelan on the last play of the game gave Boston College Eagles a 47-45 win over the University of Miami Hurricanes at the Orange Bowl in Miami.

25 years ago
1989


World events
Alexander Dubcek, leader of the "Prague Spring" reform movement in Czechoslovakia in 1968, spoke to a pro-democracy crowd in Bratislava.

20 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Irwin Kostal, 83
. U.S. musical arranger and orchestra conductor. Mr. Kostal won Academy Awards for scoring the musical films West Side Story (1961) and The Sound of Music (1965).

Tommy Boyce, 55. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Boyce and Bobby Hart were known for writing songs for the Monkees, such as (Theme From) The Monkees; Last Train to Clarksville; and Valleri. They also performed as a duo, achieving chart success in 1968 with singles such as I Wonder What She's Doing Tonight and Alice Long. Mr. Boyce had suffered a brain aneurysm not long before and had reportedly been told by his doctor that he was likely to suffer another more serious one in the future, which may have led to him committing suicide by shooting himself.

War
About 50 NATO aircraft attacked three Serb militia bases in Bosnia in reprisal for the previous day's missiles fired at British aircraft on NATO patrol.