Thursday, 20 November 2014

November 20, 2014

275 years ago

In the War of Jenkins' Ear, British Royal Navy forces commanded by Vice-Admiral Edward Vernon arrived at Porto Bello, Panama to begin the Battle of Porto Bello against Spanish forces.

225 years ago

New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights (the first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution).

125 years ago

Born on this date
Edwin Hubble
. U.S. astronomer. Dr. Hubble showed that the velocity of a galaxy increases as it gets further away from earth, implying that the universe is expanding. He also provided evidence that many bodies previously believed to be nebulae were in fact galaxies beyond the Milky Way. Dr. Hubble died on September 28, 1953 at the age of 64. The Hubble Space Telescope was named after him.

80 years ago

Toronto 5 @ St. Louis 2
Harvey "Busher" Jackson became the first NHL player to score 4 goals in one period, scoring all his goals in the 3rd period as the Maple Leafs beat the Eagles at St. Louis Arena.

A visiting team of major league all-stars defeated a host Japanese team, with New York Yankees' first baseman Lou Gehrig's solo home run in the 7th inning off Eiji Sawamura the deciding blow. Mr. Sawamura, a 17-year-old high school student, allowed only 1 run in 5 innings, while striking out 9. He struck out Charlie Gehringer, Babe Ruth, Mr. Gehrig, and Jimmie Foxx in succession. Connie Mack of the Philadelphia Athletics was so impressed with Mr. Sawamura that he wanted to sign him to a contract, but Mr. Sawamura declined, citing his hatred of America and Americans.

75 years ago

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Dying Detective

70 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Secret of Glaive

All resistance to American troops in Metz, France ceased. The U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee agreed to postpone for another six months the trial of U.S. Army General Walter Short and U.S. Navy Admiral Husband Kimmel for their culpability in the Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941.

Politics and government
Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek replaced War Minister General Ho Ching-yen with General Chen Cheng and Finance Minister H.H. Kung with O.K. Yui.

South Carolina Governor Olin Johnston appointed Wilton Hall to the United States Senate to fill the remaining weeks of the term of Ellison D. "Cotton Ed" Smith, who had died three days earlier.

A special committee of the United States House of Representatives recommended the modernization of Congress with a legislative staff of unbiased experts, an expenditure investigating committee, and an agency to determine whether laws were being administered according to congressional intent.

The U.K., U.S.A., and Canada submitted a plan for postwar control of commercial aviation to the International Civil Aviation Conference in Chicago.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Little Things Mean a Lot--Kitty Kallen (5th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Need You Now--Eddie Fisher (Best Seller--2nd week at #1; Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1); This Ole House--Rosemary Clooney (Jukebox--2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Need You Now--Eddie Fisher
2 Hey There--Rosemary Clooney
--Sammy Davis, Jr.
3 If I Give My Heart to You--Doris Day
--Denise Lor
--Connee Boswell
4 Papa Loves Mambo--Perry Como
5 Teach Me Tonight--The DeCastro Sisters
6 Hold My Hand--Don Cornell
7 This Ole House--Rosemary Clooney
8 Shake, Rattle and Roll--Bill Haley and his Comets
9 Skokiaan--Ralph Marterie and his Orchestra
--Bulawayo Sweet Rhythms Band
--The Four Lads
10 Count Your Blessings (Instead Of Sheep)--Eddie Fisher

Singles entering the chart were The Naughty Lady of Shady Lane by the Ames Brothers (#21); Mobile by Julius LaRosa (#40); Make Yourself Comfortable by Sarah Vaughan (#41); Time by Teresa Brewer (#43); That's All I Want from You by Jaye P. Morgan (#44); and Tara's Theme by LeRoy Holmes and his Orchestra (#50).

Died on this date
Clyde Cessna, 74
. U.S. aviation executive. Mr. Cessna was a successful pilot and aircraft designer who founded the Cessna Aircraft Corporation in 1927.

Hamilton 19 @ Montreal 24 (Montreal won 2-game, total points series 38-28)

Grey Cup Semi-Final
Kitchener-Waterloo (ORFU) 6 @ Edmonton (WIFU) 38

Rollie Miles and Johnny Bright each scored 2 touchdowns as the Eskimos came back from an early 6-0 deficit to rout the Dutchmen before 10,000 fans at Clarke Stadium in the second and last WIFU-ORFU Grey Cup Semi-Final. Glenn Lippman rushed for another Edmonton touchdown, and Jim Weatherall scored the final TD on a return of a fumble by K-W quarterback Bob Celeri. Kitchener-Waterloo opened the scoring on a pass from Mr. Celeri to Gerry MacTaggart, converted by Paul Amodio, before the Eskimos took control. Despite the fact that the Dutchmen were actually a farm team of the Eskimos, the game was a nasty affair: Mr. Miles was taken off the field on a stretcher late in the game after being knocked out; Edmonton halfback Steve Mendryk suffered a broken nose; and Edmonton fullback Normie Kwong was ejected from a game for the first time in his career after getting in a fight with K-W lineman Jack Lamb. Mr. Kwong led all rushers with 118 yards on 15 carries; Mr. Lippman added 62 yards on 9 carries, and Mr. Miles rushed 9 times for 43 yards. Edmonton quarterback Bernie Faloney completed 7 of 12 passes for 74 yards. Edmonton star flying wing Jackie Parker and guard Frank Morris missed the game because of injury. This marked the last time that a team from the Ontario Rugby Football Union played in a game leading to the Grey Cup. Prior to 1953, the ORFU champions had played the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union champions in the eastern final.

A 102-yard touchdown pass from Sam Etcheverry to Alex Webster in the 4th quarter clnched the Alouettes' victory over the Tiger-Cats before 21,000 fans at Molson Stadium. Mr. Etcheverry completed 20 of 33 passes for 434 yards and rushed 1 yard for a touchdown of his own. Chuck Hunsinger rushed 6 yards for a Montreal touchdown in the 2nd quarter; the TD was set up by an 83-yard pass from Mr. Etcheverry to Joey Pal. The Alouettes amassed 188 yards rushing. Ray Poole added 2 converts, a field goal, and 2 singles to the Montreal total, while Tex Coulter punted for 2 singles. Hamilton quarterback Butch Songin completed 21 of 51 passes for 277 yards, including an 85-yard touchdown to Ray Ramsey. Defensive back Pete Karpuk returned a fumble 30 yards for a Hamilton touchdown in the 2nd quarter, and Lou Kusserow rushed 8 yards for the other Hamilton TD. Tip Logan added 3 converts, and Cam Fraser punted for a single. It was the last game of Canadian football for Hamilton linebacker Bill Quinlan, who went on to have a successful career in the National Football League.

Canadian university
Western Ontario 20 @ Queen's 18

In one of the strangest endings in history, the Mustangs were in possession of the ball in Golden Gaels' territory when Western quarterback Don Getty noticed that they would have time for just one more play in regulation time. As the Western offense approached the line of scrimmage, Mr. Getty suddenly signalled for a field goal, and dropped back from centre to hold for the kick from Gino Fracas. The kick was short and bounced down at the Queen's 8-yard line, but Queen's halfback Ron Stewart was unable to field the ball cleanly. It bounced off and away from him, and UWO's Don Killinger was there to recover in the Queen's end zone for the winning touchdown. Mr. Killinger and at least one other teammate were downfield because they weren't aware that the play had been changed by Mr. Getty. As the Mustangs celebrated, Queen's halfback Al Kocman and a member of the Queen's band attacked umpire Fred Sgambati, raining punches on him until police came to Mr. Sgambati's aid. Until the last play, Mr. Stewart had been the hero of the game, rushing for 140 yards, catching 2 passes for 60 yards, returning a kick for 56 yards, and scoring 2 touchdowns. Gary Schreider scored the other Queen's touchdown on a 46-yard pass from Wally Mellor. Bill Britton scored a touchdown for Western. The game, before 11,031 fans, was made necessary by a three-way tie for first place among Western Ontario, Queen's, and Toronto; Toronto won the draw for a bye, to face the winner of the first game one week hence.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Candy Store--Dickie Rock (4th week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Leader of the Pack--The Shangri-Las (2nd week at #1)
2 Last Kiss--J. Frank Wilson and the Cavaliers
3 I'm Into Something Good--Herman's Hermits
4 She's Not There--The Zombies
5 Time is on My Side--The Rolling Stones
6 Ringo--Lorne Greene
7 Ain't That Loving You Baby--Elvis Presley
8 Come a Little Bit Closer--Jay and the Americans
9 Mountain of Love--Johnny Rivers
10 Do Wah Diddy Diddy--Manfred Mann
Pick hit of the week: Alone and Lonely--Bobby Curtola
New this week: Thou Shalt Not Steal--Dick and DeeDee
I Feel Fine--The Beatles
Keep Searchin' (We'll Follow the Sun)--Del Shannon
Dear Heart--Andy Williams
TNT--The Nashville Teens
Can't Stop Thinkin' 'Bout Him--Peggy March

Dear Heart was the title song of the movie. The B-side, Emily, was from the movie The Americanization of Emily (1964).

A previously-unnamed mountain on the Alaska-Yukon border was named Mount Kennedy in memory of the late U.S. President John F. Kennedy.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: I'm Leaving It (All) Up to You--Donny and Marie Osmond (3rd week at #1)

The United States Department of Justice filed its final anti-trust suit against AT&T Corporation. This suit later led to the breakup of AT&T and its Bell System.

Round 1
Hawaii 32 @ Southern California 14

30 years ago

Died on this date
Kristian Djurhuus, 89
. Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands, 1950-1959; 1968-1970. Mr. Djurhuus was a member of the Union Party when he led the government of the Faroe Islands, a self-governing country within the Kingdom of Denmark.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): If I Could Turn Back Time--Cher (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers

More than 200,000 people marched in Prague, calling for free elections.

Politics and government
Seemingly oblivious to events going on elsewhere in eastern Europe, the Romanian Communist Party opened its 14th Congress in Bucharest. In a five-hour keynote address, President Nicolae Ceausescu proclaimed the party to be the "vital centre" of life in Romania.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate and House of Representatives approved a foreign aid bill that contained $532.8 million for Poland and Hungary.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Cotton Eye Joe--Rednex (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Secret--Madonna

The government of Angola and National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) rebels signed the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war.

Eastern Final
Baltimore 14 @ Winnipeg 12

Western Final
British Columbia 37 @ Calgary 36

Donald Igwebuike's field goal late in the 4th quarter gave the Baltimore Football Club their win over the Blue Bombers at Winnipeg Stadium.

Danny McManus completed a touchdown pass to Darren Flutie on the last play of regulation time to give the Lions their win over the Stampeders on a snowy Sunday at McMahon Stadium. The Stampeders, quarterbacked by Mr. Flutie's brother Doug, were leading by two touchdowns in the 4th quarter when the snowfall started to get heavy, and the Lions began to play better.

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