Wednesday, 31 March 2010

March 31, 2010

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Stephanie!

75 years ago
1935

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell

40 years ago
1970

Space

Explorer 1, the first satellite to be successfully launched by the United States, re-entered earth’s atmosphere and burned up after 12 years in space and 58,000 orbits. It had been launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida atop a U.S. Army Juno I (renamed from Jupiter-C) rocket on the night of January 31, 1958, almost four months after the U.S.S.R. had launched Sputnik I to begin the space race, and almost two months after the first U.S. attempt, Vanguard, had ended in disaster when the rocket blew up after lifting just four feet from the launch pad. Explorer 1 paid immediate dividends by discovering radiation belts circling the earth, which were promptly named the Van Allen belts after Dr. James Van Allen, the scientist who had proposed their existence. Explorer 1 stopped sending information on May 23, 1958, but remained in earth orbit.

Terrorism
Count Karl von Spreti, West Germany’s ambassador to Guatemala, was kidnapped by a band of armed men calling themselves the Rebel Armed Forces. They threatened to kill Count von Spreti unless they were paid $700,000 and 22 prisoners were released by the Guatemalan government of President Julio Mendez Montenegro.

A Japanese jetliner seized the previous day by 15 radical students armed with pistols, bombs, and samurai swords remained on the ground at Seoul with 122 passengers and 7 crew members aboard after authorities gave up an elaborate attempt to convince the hijackers, who wanted to go to North Korea, that they actually were in North Korea.

Crime
An American military court in Longbinh, South Vietnam sentenced First Lieutenant James Duffy to six months in confinement for involuntary manslaughter. The court had originally found Lt. Duffy guilty of premeditated murder of an unarmed Vietnamese civilian, but reconsidered its verdict. During the trial, army officers testifying for the defense said that army policy, as they understood it, was not to take prisoners in Vietnam combat operations.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court held without dissent that trial judges had the right to bind and gag, jail for contempt, or expel from the courtroom an unruly defendant.

Business
American League baseball owners approved a deal that would see the Seattle Pilots move to Milwaukee, but the agreement still required the approval of a bankruptcy referee. That evening, bankruptcy referee Sidney Volinn approved the $10.8-million purchase. Mr. Volinn’s ruling had the effect of finalizing the deal; the Seattle Pilots now became the Milwaukee Brewers.

Baseball
In Cactus League action at Tempe, Arizona, the California Angels defeated the Seattle Pilots 4-2. Tom Murphy was the winning pitcher, while Marty Pattin took the loss in what turned out to be the team’s last game as the Seattle Pilots.

30 years ago
1980

Died on this date
Jesse Owens, 66
. U.S. athlete. Mr. Owens won four gold medals at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, damaging German Chancellor Adolf Hitler’s attempt to use the games to promote his theories of German racial supremacy.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Jimmy Carter submitted a revised budget to Congress for fiscal 1981 containing $15 billion in proposed spending cuts, $2 billion more than expected. The principal cuts focused on aid to states and cities and the disadvantaged, but excluded benefit programs such as Social Security. The Defense Department, which accounted for ¼ of all federal spending, was asked to absorb only $1.4 billion of the spending cuts while accounting for the greatest share--$5.7 billion--of the projected increases since January in federal spending for 1981.

The investment house Bache Halsey Stuart Shields Inc. announced that it had incurred $50 million in potential losses in connection with the silver accounts of Herbert and Bunky Hunt, and that the Texas brothers had paid the firm $17 million that day. The Hunts signed a preliminary agreement to cover another $400 million in losses resulting from their silver trading activities. They agreed to turn over Canadian oil and gas properties and silver holdings in Engelhard Minerals and Chemicals Corp. in exchange for Engelhard’s agreement to let the Hunts out of a contract to buy 19 million ounces of silver at $35 per ounce. The contract came due that day, but silver had closed in New York at $14.20 per ounce. Engelhard would keep its 19 million ounces of silver, receive another 8.5 million ounces from the Hunts, and acquire oil holdings worth an estimated $500 million.

Baseball
The Montreal Expos traded first baseman-pinch hitter Rusty Staub to the Texas Rangers for utility players LaRue Washington and Chris Smith. Mr. Staub, the most popular player in Expos’ history, had starred with the team from 1969-1971 before being traded to the New York Mets. he had then been reacquired during the 1979 season from the Detroit Tigers. He turned 36 the day after the 1980 trade, and played another 6 years in the major leagues, retiring after playing 2,951 career regular season games. Mr. Smith, who had yet to play in the majors at the time of the trade, played just 7 games with the Expos in 1981, and 2 in 1982, going 0 for 9 at bat. He played 22 games with the San Francisco Giants in 1983 before disappearing from the major leagues. Mr. Washington had played 3 games with the Rangers in 1978 and 22 in 1979, but never played another major league game after being traded to the Expos.

25 years ago
1985

Curling

Silver Broom (men’s world championship)
Final
Canada (Al Hackner) 6 Sweden 2

20 years ago
1990

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Black Velvet--Alannah Myles
2 Love Will Lead You Back--Taylor Dayne
3 I Wish it Would Rain Down--Phil Collins
4 Escapade--Janet Jackson
5 Roam--The B-52’s
6 I’ll Be Your Everything--Tommy Page
7 All Around the World--Lisa Stansfield
8 I Go to Extremes--Billy Joel
9 Keep it Together--Madonna
10 Here and Now--Luther Vandross

Diplomacy
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev warned Lithuania of "grave consequences" if it did not annul its declaration of independence.

Protest
The day before new poll tax rates were supposed to go into effect in the U.K., a riot involving several thousand protesters took place in London. 331 police officers were among the more than 400 injured, and 341 arrests were made.

10 years ago
2000


At the movies
The Skulls was released to theatres. The obvious inspiration for the movie was Skull and Bones, the infamous secret society at Yale University; the university in the movie isn't identified, but it sure seems like one from the Ivy League. The only "name" actor in the movie was Craig T. Nelson, who played Judge Litten Mandrake. The movie received overwhelmingly negative reviews, and was rightly regarded as one of the turkeys of the year (although it's an enjoyable turkey). Two direct-to-video/DVD sequels appeared: The Skulls II (2002); and The Skulls III (2004).

Crime
A British Columbia court found Kelly Ellard guilty of second-degree murder in the death of 14-year-old Reena Virk in Victoria in November 1997.

Tuesday, 30 March 2010

March 30, 2010

140 years ago
1870


Law
The 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution was declared ratified in a proclamation by Secretary of State Hamilton Fish. The text reads:
1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
125 years ago
1885

Crime

At least nine people, including two Roman Catholic priests and an Indian agent, were slain at Frog Lake, north of Lloydminster, Northwest Territories in what became known as the Frog Lake massacre. A farmer and farm instructor near Battleford were also killed.

90 years ago
1920


Diplomacy
Finland accepted the proposal of Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs M. Tchilcherin to enter into negotiations to end hostilities between Finland and Russia. Finland suggested that Finnish military representatives should meet Russian delegates at Systerback on April 10, and that a temporary armistice should begin on April 1. Finland added that she considered it necessary before beginning negotiations that the Russians should evacuate Petchenga. At the same time, Finnish troops were ordered to stop all action on April 1 except that which was purely defensive.

80 years ago
1930

Born on this date

Happy Birthday, Rolf Harris!
The Australian singer, songwriter, and painter is known for hits such as Tie Me Kangaroo Down, Sport; Two Little Boys; Pass Me By; Jake the Peg; and Vancouver Town ‘71.

60 years ago
1950


On television tonight
Escape, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Rest in Peace, starring Clock Ryder and Oliver Thorndyke

This was the thirteenth and last episode of the series.

40 years ago
1970

On the radio

The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: The Emergency Passenger

30 years ago
1980


World events
More than 30,000 people filled the plaza in front of the Metropolitan Cathedral in San Salvador for the funeral of Roman Catholic Archbishop Oscar Romero, who had been assassinated six days earlier. After an explosion, panic swept the crowd, which surged into the cathedral and side streets. Observers witnessed snipers firing guns from building tops for the next hour; at least 26 people were killed and 200 injured. Many people, including U.S. ambassador Robert White, blamed Communist groups for starting the violence, but other eyewitnesses blamed right-wing groups.

Diplomacy
The United States delivered an ultimatum to Iran, demanding that the government take control of the hostages in the U.S. embassy in Tehran from the militants by March 31 or face new sanctions. Iranian President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr asked for a 24-hour postponement of the deadline and conferred with Iran’s Revolutionary Council.

Curling
Silver Broom
Canada (Rick Folk) 7 Norway 6

Rick Folk’s rink from Saskatchewan gave Canada its first men’s world championship in eight years.

25 years ago
1985

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Material Girl--Madonna
2 One More Night--Phil Collins
3 Can’t Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon
4 The Heat is On--Glenn Frey
5 Lovergirl--Teena Marie
6 We Are the World--USA for Africa
7 Too Late for Goodbyes--Julian Lennon
8 Private Dancer--Tina Turner
9 Somebody--Bryan Adams
10 Just Another Night--Mick Jagger

Hockey
NHL
Boston 3 @ Montreal 7
Detroit 9 @ Toronto 3

Curling
Men’s world championship
Semi-Final
Canada (Al Hackner) 9 U.S.A. 4

20 years ago
1990


War
Soviet troops seized the state prosecutor’s office in the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius, as well as the printing press of a pro-independence newspaper.

World events
Estonia’s parliament proclaimed that the country was occupied, and that it was entering a "transitional period" that would lead to independence.

Abominations
Idaho Governor Cecil Andrus vetoed a bill that would have banned most abortions in the state. Under the bill’s provisions, an abortion in the case of rape would have been allowed only if the rape were reported within seven days, and abortion in the case of incest would be allowed only if the victim were under 18. Gov. Andrus complained that pro-life activists had designed the bill "for the sole purpose of getting this issue back before the Supreme Court." Gov. Andrus said that he had not been influenced by threats by abortion-rights groups to boycott Idaho potatoes.

Hockey
NHL
Calgary 6 Edmonton 2

10 years ago
2000


Oil
Mexico, Norway, and Oman, all non-members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, joined 10 of the 11 OPEC member nations in announcing their intention to increase production.

Monday, 29 March 2010

March 29, 2010

100 years ago
1910

Born on this date
Bill Dietrich
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Nicknamed "Bullfrog Bill" because he was slightly pop-eyed (back in the good old days before political correctness), Mr. Dietrich compiled a record of 108 wins and 128 losses with the Philadelphia Athletics (1933-1936; 1947-1948); Washington Nationals (1936); and Chicago White Sox (1936-1946). His best season was probably 1943, when he was 12-10 with an earned run average of 2.80. He died on June 20, 1978 at the age of 68.

75 years ago
1935

Boxing

Joe Louis (17-0) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Natie Brown (28-17-7) at Olympia Stadium in Detroit.

70 years ago
1940

Boxing

Joe Louis (42-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of Johnny Paychek (38-4-2) 41 seconds into the 2nd round at Madison Square Garden in New York.

60 years ago
1950

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Ben Wright and Eric Snowden, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Design for Dying

40 years ago
1970


Died on this date
Anna Louise Strong, 84
. U.S. writer and political activist. Miss Strong, the first woman to earn a doctorate at the University of Chicago, became a notorious Communist propagandist, and continued to bang the Communist drum even after Soviet auhorities briefly imprisoned her in 1949. Malcolm Muggeridge described her as "an enormous woman with a very red face, a lot of white hair, and an expression of stupidity so overwhelming that it amounted to a kind of strange beauty." Lloyd Billingsley devoted a hilarious chapter to her in his book The Generation that Knew Not Josef (1985).

Disasters
At least 20 people were killed and about 100 injured when a derailed train plunged off a trestle bridge into a gully near Karachi, Pakistan.

30 years ago
1980

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)--Pink Floyd (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)--Pink Floyd (2nd week at #1)
2 Crazy Little Thing Called Love--Queen
3 Working My Way Back to You, Girl/Forgive Me, Girl--The Spinners
4 Call Me--Blondie
5 Longer--Dan Fogelberg
6 Him--Rupert Holmes
7 How Do I Make You--Linda Ronstadt
8 Too Hot--Kool & the Gang
9 Ride Like the Wind--Christopher Cross
10 The Second Time Around--Shalamar

Michael McDonald, lead singer for the Doobie Brothers, provided accompanying vocals for Ride Like the Wind, which was Mr. Cross’s first hit.

War
The New York Times reported that Afghan rebel activity in Kumar Valley and the northeastern province of Badakshan had been virtually wiped out. Estimates that 1,500 Soviet soldiers had been killed since December were called conservative by travellers who had heard about the situation in civilian and military hospitals. Only 35,000 soldiers were reported remaining in the Afghan army after recent desertions and defections.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 8 Toronto 5

25 years ago
1985

Hockey

NHL
Edmonton 7 @ Hartford 8

20 years ago
1990

Society

Canada’s best-known abortionist, Henry Morgentaler, who was in the process of opening a clinic in Edmonton, was speaking in the Tory Lecture Theatre at the University of Alberta. A pro-life rally was held on campus before the event, and even the local media had to admit that the pro-life crowd was considerably larger than the pro-abortion crowd. This blogger was at the pro-life rally, and I noticed that some of the abortion supporters were the same ones who had been wearing blue jeans on campus in support of sodomite rights eight days earlier.

Hockey
NHL
Chicago 4 Toronto 2

10 years ago
2000

Scandal

A U.S. federal judge in Washington, D.C. ruled that President Bill Clinton had violated the Privacy Act when he released letters written to him by Kathleen Willey, a private citizen. Ms. Willey had claimed that Mr. Clinton had made unwanted sexual advances to her at the White House in 1993. After she made her allegations public, Mr. Clinton released the letters in an effort to show they had remained on good terms after the alleged incident.

Oil
Members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, meeting in Vienna, announced that 9 of the 11 member nations of the cartel would increase production after a one-year cutback. Iran then reluctantly went along with the production increase, while Iraq, which was not part of the previous production cuts, was excluded from the increase.

Baseball
Major league baseball played its first regular season game outside North America when the Chicago Cubs defeated the New York Mets at the Tokyo Dome before a crowd announced at an even 55,000.

Saturday, 27 March 2010

March 28, 2010

80 years ago
1930


Asiatica
The Turkish cities of Constantinople and Angora changed their names to Istanbul and Ankara, respectively.

60 years ago
1950


On the radio
Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight’s episode: The Ivory Murder Case

50 years ago
1960

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Theme from "A Summer Place"--Percy Faith and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)

40 years ago
1970

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Wand’rin’ Star--Lee Marvin (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A.: Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Let it Be--The Beatles
2 ABC--The Jackson 5
3 Instant Karma--John Ono Lennon
4 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel
5 Love Grows Where My Rosemary Goes--Edison Lighthouse
6 The Rapper--The Jaggerz
7 House of the Rising Sun--Frijid Pink
8 He Ain’t Heavy, He’s My Brother--Hollies
9 Spirit in the Sky--Norman Greenbaum
10 Evil Ways--Santana

Calgary’s top 10
1 Let it Be--The Beatles
2 Instant Karma--John Ono Lennon
3 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel
4 Come and Get It--Badfinger
5 Spirit in the Sky--Norman Greenbaum
6 Arizona--Mark Lindsay
7 Give Me Just a Little More Time--Chairmen of the Board
8 Sparkle and Shine--The Clique
9 Ma Belle Amie--The Tee Set
10 Love Grows Where My Rosemary Goes--Edison Lighthouse
Pick hit of the week: Every Man Hears Different Music--Gainsborough Gallery

War
The death toll for the week in Vietnam was 79 U.S., 326 South Vietnamese, and 2,133 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong.

Terrorism
A bomb shattered an apartment on the lower east side of Manhattan, killing one Negro man and critically injuring another. Police found several live bombs and quantities of bomb-making material. The New York Police Department said that 14 "bomb devices" had been found since the March 12 bombings of three downtown skyscrapers, and that there had been 2,264 "bomb scares" during the same period.

Defense
It was reported that "surplus" U.S. Defense Department fighter and cargo planes; destroyers; anti-aircraft missiles; tanks; and rifles--worth a total of $157 million--were secretly given to Taiwan in 1969. Taiwan paid only $1 million for four destroyers.

Disasters
An earthquake struck western Turkey, killing 1,087 and leaving 90,000 homeless.

Sport
Dan Gable, probably the most famous figure in United States amateur wrestling, lost his only collegiate match after 98 victories while seeking his final NCAA title in the national championships at Evanston, Illinois. Mr. Gable competed at Iowa State, became a gold medalist in the 1972 Olympics and then coached at the University of Iowa, winning 12 national titles between 1976 and 1993.

Auto racing
USAC
The United States Auto Club championship series began with the Phoenix 150. Al Unser won, Bobby Unser was second, and Lloyd Ruby finished third.

30 years ago
1980


Music
The Beach Boys' album Keepin' the Summer Alive was in record stores. The front cover had a painting of the group instead of a photograph. Dennis Wilson was shown on the cover as the group's drummer, but he had been kicked out of the group several months earlier until he got his substance abuse problems under control, and played a little on just one song. Singles released from the album included Goin' On and Living With a Heartache. The album's final song, Endless Harmony, written and sung by Bruce Johnston, was a remake of Ten Years' Harmony, which Mr. Johnston had composed while he was the leader of a group called California Music, and which had been released as the B-side of that group's remake of the Beach Boys' hit Don't Worry Baby in the fall of 1974. Mr. Johnston, who had joined the Beach Boys in the spring of 1965, left early in 1972, and rejoined the group late in 1978.

World events
In Cairo, U.S. surgeon Michael DeBakey removed the spleen of the deposed shah of Iran. University students in Asyut demonstrated against the shah's presence in their country.

Crime
Jean Harris pled not guilty to a three-count indictment charging that she had planned to kill prominent physician Herman Tarnower, who was shot and killed at his Purchase, New York home on March 10. Ms. Harris claimed that she had gone to see the doctor with the intention of having him kill her, but that she had had an argument with teh caridiologist and he began to push her, saying, "Get out of here, you're crazy." She had visible bruises around her mouth after the incident.

25 years ago
1985


Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 3 @ Boston 6

20 years ago
1990


Diplomacy
Vytautas Landsbergis, President of the breakaway republic of Lithuania, called for talks with the Soviet government.

Protest
Two days of fighting among Negro factions in South Africa concluded with 25 fatalities.

10 years ago
2000


Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that an anonymous tip did not justify a stop-and-frisk action against a person.

March 27, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Nyambura!

120 years ago
1890

Disasters

75 people were killed when a tornado struck Louisville, Kentucky.

50 years ago
1960

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: My Old Man’s a Dustman--Lonnie Donegan (2nd week at #1)

40 years ago
1970

Hit parade

Edmonton’s top 10
1 Let it Be--The Beatles
2 Instant Karma--John Ono Lennon
3 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel
4 Something’s Burning--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
5 Come and Get It--Badfinger
6 Celebrate--Three Dog Night
7 We Were Happy--Jayson Hoover
8 Jennifer Tomkins--Street People
9 Spirit in the Sky--Norman Greenbaum
10 House of the Rising Sun--Frijid Pink

War
Israel said that its planes, conducting their ninth raid in a week against Egyptian military positions along the Suez Canal, had shot down five Egyptian MiG-21 aircraft in a five-minute battle. An Israeli military analyst confirmed that the Israeli raids were intended to prevent the installation of new Soviet-made SAM-3 anti-aircraft missiles.

Protest
Following a demonstration in a Cambodian provincial town in which two members of the National Assembly were knifed to death, the new rulers of Cambodia, who had deposed Prince Norodom Sihanouk in a coup nine days earlier, imposed an overnight curfew on the capital city of Pnompenh, closed Pnompenh’s airport to all traffic, and intensified military security measures.

Disasters
23 people were killed when a bus plunged into a ravine near Puebla, Mexico.

30 years ago
1980

Economics and finance

The price of silver, which had reached a record $50.05 U.S. per ounce in January, plunged to $10.50 per ounce--down $5 during the day, causing huge losses for speculators and threatening the collapse of the $2-billion silver empire of Texas brothers Herbert and Bunky Hunt. The investment house of Bache Halsey Stuart Shields Inc. announced that the brothers had failed to meet $100 million of margin calls on their silver accounts the previous day, which caused panic in the silver market. Bunky had been appointed by Campus Crusade for Christ President Bill Bright to head up CCC’s effort to fulfill the Great Commission internationally, and as late as 1979 (in Mr. Bright’s book Believing God for the Impossible, where Nelson Bunker Hunt was described as "one of the world’s most prominent businessmen"), Mr. Bright was still predicting fulfillment of the Great Commission worldwide by 1980. The sudden and dramatic drop in the price of silver may have played a role in the indefinite postponement of that event. Had the Hunt brothers been able to pull off their scheme to corner the world silver market, some of Bunky’s share of the profits would have been given to Campus Crusade for Christ; even a small percentage would have been a considerable amount of money.

Disasters
123 oil rig workers were killed when a North Sea accommodation platform collapsed during gales. There were 85 survivors.

31 South African miners were killed when the cable of a mine shaft elevator snapped, plunging the miners more than a mile to their deaths in the Vaal Reefs mine.

Basketball
Exhibition
Athletes in Action 81 Canadian national men’s team 78 @ Edmonton

This blogger was a volunteer at the game, which took place at the University of Alberta’s Main Gym. Four years earlier Canadian national team coach Jack Donohue had conducted a clinic with my high school Phys. Ed. class, and I was able to renew acquaintances with him after this game.

20 years ago
1990


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Faith

Diplomacy
The Soviet government ordered all foreigners to leave Lithuania.

Protest
Two days of fighting began between Negro factions in South Africa.

Politics and government
The outgoing Sandanista government of Nicaragua signed an agreement recognizing recently-elected President Violetta Chamorro's right to have full authority over the army and security forces.

Friday, 26 March 2010

March 26, 2010

70 years ago
1940


Politics and government
The Liberals, under the leadership of Prime Minister Mackenzie King, easily retained power in the Canadian federal election, taking 181 of 238 seats in the House of Commons. Their total was 8 more than in the election of 1935, and was the largest majority since Confederation.

50 years ago
1960

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Theme from "A Summer Place"--Percy Faith and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)
2 He’ll Have to Go--Jim Reeves
3 Baby (You’ve Got What it Takes)--Brook Benton and Dinah Washington
4 Wild One--Bobby Rydell
5 Puppy Love--Paul Anka
6 Sweet Nothin’s--Brenda Lee
7 Harbor Lights--The Platters
8 Handy Man--Jimmy Jones
9 Mama--Connie Francis
10 What in the World’s Come Over You--Jack Scott

40 years ago
1970


Terrorism
Two days after he was kidnapped by Dominican Republic, U.S. air attache Lt. Col. Donald Crowley was freed after the government of President Joaquin Balaguer allowed 20 prisoners to flee the country in compliance with the rebels’ demands for their freedom, or Lt. Col. Crowley’s death.

War
A secret U.S. Army investigation into the My Lai massacre in South Vietnam in 1968 concluded that American soldiers had committed acts of murder, rape, sodomy, and maiming against civilians. The investigation found that as information moved up to higher levels, the number of victims was reduced.

Economics and finance
U.S. banks concluded two days of reducing their prime interest rate for the first time in 18 months, from 8.5% to 8%. The cut touched off heavy stock trading and pushed prices upward.

30 years ago
1980


Economics and finance
A sharp fall in silver futures prices led brokerage houses to make margin calls for more cash from investors to maintain their equity in holdings of commodities bought on credit. Texas brothers Herbert and Bunky Hunt were attempting to corner the world silver market, building up holdings estimated at more than 200 million ounces since the summer of 1979, and driving the price of silver to a record high of $50.05 per ounce in January 1980. The margin call put a severe financial squeeze on the brothers, and they had been unable to raise the cash. The investment house of Bache Halsey Stuart Shields Inc. began to sell out its holdings of the Hunts’ silver futures and stock positions.

Politics and government
The second round of parliamentary elections in Iran was delayed indefinitely.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 5 @ Detroit 2

20 years ago
1990


Protest
In the Negro South African township of Sebokeng, 11 people sere killed and hundreds wounded when police fired on a large crowd of demonstrators.

Society
American pro-life speaker Joseph Scheidler gave a talk at the University of Alberta, three days in advance of the appearance of Henry Morgentaler, Canada’s best-known abortionist. This blogger put up a number of posters on campus--in places where permission to put up posters wasn’t required--advertising Mr. Scheidler’s appearance, and within a day all but one of the posters had been torn down; such is the "tolerance" of pro-abortion activists.

10 years ago
2000


Movies
The 73rd annual Academy Awards were handed out. American Beauty, reportedly a sodomite fantasy (I've never seen it, and never wanted to), won for Best Picture; Director (Sam Mendes); Actor (Kevin Spacey); Screenplay (Alan Ball); and Cinematography (Conrad Hall). Hilary Swank won the Best Actress Oscar for Boys Don't Cry; Michael Caine won his second Supporting Actor Oscar as a caring, compassionate abortionist--obviously a fictitious character--in The Cider House Rules. Angelina Jolie took Supporting Actress honours for Girl, Interrupted. Degenerate Hollywood seemed to be going out of its way to honour movies that attacked traditional American values. The Cider House Rules, which also won the Oscar for Adapted Screenplay (by the rabidly anti-Christian John Irving, from his novel), was a movie whose attendance picked up somewhat after the Oscar nominations were announced, but initially did so poorly at the box office that people almost had to be paid to see it.

Politics and government
Acting President Vladimir Putin was elected to a full term as President of Russia. He received 53% of the vote, narrowly avoiding a runoff. Gennady Zyuganov, a Communist, was second, with about 30%. Mr. Putin, who had been named Premier in August 1999 by President Boris Yeltsin, had been named acting President when Mr. Yeltsin resigned in December.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Bill Clinton met with Syrian President Hafez al-Assad in Geneva, Switzerland. Mr. Clinton presented a peace proposal from Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, but was unable to get Israeli-Syrian talks reopened.

Religion
Pope John Paul II continued his visit to Jerusalem, where his activities included leaving a written prayer at the Wailing Wall asking for forgiveness for those involved in the Holocaust; visiting the Al Aqsa Mosque at the Dome of the Rock; and conducting mass at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

Hockey
Canadian university
Men’s championship final
Alberta 5 New Brunswick 4 (2 OT)

Wednesday, 24 March 2010

March 25, 2010

60 years ago
1950

Hit parade

U. S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Music! Music! Music!--Teresa Brewer
2 Chattanoogie Shoe Shine Boy--Red Foley
--Bing Crosby
3 Rag Mop--The Ames Brothers
--Ralph Flanagan and his Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
--Johnnie Lee Wills and his Boys
4 The Cry of the Wild Goose
5 I Said My Pajamas (And Put on My Pray’rs)--Tony Martin and Fran warren
6 There’s No Tomorrow--Tony Martin
7 Daddy’s Little Girl--Dick Todd
--The Mills Brothers
8 It Isn’t Fair--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
9 Dearie--Ray Bolger and Ethel Merman
--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
10 If I Knew You Were Comin’ (I’d Have Baked a Cake)--Eileen Barton
--Georgia Gibbs

Sport
Norwegian skiers, bringing their snow with them, staged a ski-jumping competition at Hampstead Heath in north London.

50 years ago
1960

On television tonight

The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: People are Alike All Over, starring Roddy McDowall and Susan Oliver

Married on this date
Happy Anniversary, His Excellency Norman and Mary Kwong!

40 years ago
1970


Labour
A week after going on strike illegally, New York City postal workers began returning to their jobs by 4 P.M. on the advice of their leaders. U.S. Postmaster General Winston Blount announced that the military would no longer be needed to move the mail.

U.S. air traffic controllers caused huge tieups in air travel by calling in sick to press demands for higher pay and shorter hours. Among the cities hardest hit were New York; Boston; Kansas City; and Pittsburgh. Spokesmen for the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Association said that an injunction obtained in Washington would not force the men back to work.

30 years ago
1980

On the radio

Richard Sanders, in character as Les Nessman, the newscaster on the CBS television comedy series WKRP in Cincinnati, was in Edmonton as a guest on Wes Montgomery’s morning show on CHED.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy won the Democratic party presidential primaries in New York and Connecticut. In New York, Sen. Kennedy won 59% of the vote and 164 delegates to the Democratic National Convention to President Jimmy Carter’s 41% and 118 delegates. In Connecticut, Sen. Kennedy took 47% of the vote and 29 delegates to 41% and 25 delegates for President Carter. In the Republican party primaries, former California Governor Ronald Reagan took 75% of the vote and 73 delegates to 6% and 6 delegates for George Bush, with 35 delegates remaining uncommitted. Mr. Bush won Connecticut with 39% and 15 delegates to 34% and 14 delegates for Mr. Reagan. Rep. John Anderson won 22% and 6 delegates.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 5 @ Atlanta 4

Edmonton goalie Ron Low made a spectacular save in the final seconds to preserve the Oilers’ victory as they continued their battle to claim the final playoff spot. Jim Craig, the goaltender for the gold medal-winning U.S. Olympic team in February, took the loss for the Flames. It was the last game the Oilers played against the Flames in Atlanta.

20 years ago
1990


War
Soviet paratroopers seized the headquarters and other property of the rebellious Communist Party of Lithuania. Ethnic Lithuanians who had deserted the army were rounded up.

Diplomacy
Nicaraguan Contra leaders said that those who were gathered in United Nations-supervised security zones in Nicaragua would remain there for months, and would keep their arms.

Crime
87 people died in a fire at a social club in the Bronx borough of New York City. The fire, which police said was deliberately set, spread rapidly through the two-storey structure, and the victims died within minutes from burning or asphyxiation, with only a few escaping. The club, which had been ordered closed in 1988, had no sprinklers, fire exits, emergency lights, or exit signs at the time of the fire. The club was popular with immigrants from Central America, and the majority of those who died were from Honduras. Police arrested Julio Gonzalez and charged him with arson and murder. They said that Mr. Gonzalez had had an argument with a former girlfriend who worked at the club.

Hockey
NHL
Washington 4 Calgary 1

10 years ago
2000

Politics and government

Leaders of the Reform Party of Canada announced the formation of a new party, the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance (popularly known as Canadian Alliance), in an attempt to broaden its support in order to defeat the Liberal government. The Reformers, whose main support came from western Canada, combined forces with members of the Progressive Conservatives, whom the Reformers had reduced to insignificance during the 1990s. The name change was significant and appropriate, as it was becoming apparent that the Reform Party was no longer interested in reforming anything.

David Trimble beat off a stiff challenge to his leadership of the Ulster Unionist Party from Rev. Martin Smyth, but the fact that he obtained just 57% of the vote from the party’s ruling council cast doubt on the future of the peace process in Northern Ireland.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Bill Clinton continued his Asian visit with a visit to Islamabad, where he met with Pakistani President General Pervez Musharraf, the leader of a recent coup. Mr. Clinton urged Gen. Musharraf not to cross the Kashmir cease-fire line, to cut back on its nuclear weapons, and to restore full democracy to Pakistan.

Religion
Pope John Paul II conducted a mass in Nazareth and participated in an ecumenical meeting with the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate in Jerusalem.

Tuesday, 23 March 2010

March 24, 2010

75 years ago
1935

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell

40 years ago
1970


Terrorism
Lt. Col. Donald Crowley, the U.S. air attache to the Dominican Republic, was kidnapped by Dominican rebels who threatened to kill him unless the government of President Joaquin Balaguer allowed 20 prisoners to leave the country.

Labour
The U.S. postal strike began crumbling as workers began returning to their jobs. The major exception was New York City, where 15,500 Army, Navy, and Marine Corps reservists, 12,000 members of the New York Army and Air National Guard, and 2,500 men on active duty started moving mail. That evening, 50,000 holdouts voted to return to work as Congressional leaders indicated their willingness to move quickly on pay increases.

Society
U.S. President Richard Nixon issued a 19-page statement to dispel the "prevailing confusion" over his school policies. He instructed his administration to enforce "at once" the U.S. Supreme Court’s order to desegregate schools in Southern states, but said that until he had further court guidance he could not require the elimination of segregation caused by residential patterns. He did announce plans to allocate $1.5 billion to help local schools overcome the effects of residentially-caused segregation.

30 years ago
1980

Died on this date
Oscar Romero, 62
. Salvadoran clergyman and political activist. The Roman Catholic archbishop was assassinated by a sniper as he officiated at a mass in San Salvador. In recent years a number of Roman Catholic clergymen in El Salvador had become supporters of so-called "Liberation Theology"--Marxism is Christian dress--and had run afoul of the government. At least six priest had been killed by right-wing terrorists in the two years preceding the assassination of Archbishop Romero.

World events
The day after he left Panama, deposed shah of Iran arrived in Cairo, where Egyptian President Anwar Sadat granted him permanent asylum.

Environment
After a nine-month fight against the world’s worst oil spill, Mexican officials said that engineers had successfully capped the Ixtoc I oil well that had spilled more than 3.1 billion barrels of crude oil since blowing up on June 3, 1979.

20 years ago
1990

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Escapade--Janet Jackson (3rd week at #1)
2 Black Velvet--Alannah Myles
3 Roam--The B-52’s
4 Price of Love--Bad English
5 I Wish it Would Rain Down--Phil Collins
6 I Go to Extremes--Billy Joel
7 No More Lies--Michel’le
8 C’mon and Get My Love--D’Mob
9 We Can’t Go Wrong--The Cover Girls
10 Just a Friend--Biz Markie

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 @ Quebec 3 (OT)

10 years ago
2000

Religion

Pope John Paul II conducted a mass for youth at the Mount of Beatitudes overlooking the Sea of Galilee, where Jesus Christ delivered his Sermon on the Mount.

March 23, 2010

60 years ago
1950


On television tonight
Escape, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Sound Machine, starring Hanna Landy and Jack Lescoulie

40 years ago
1970


Died on this date
Joe Pyne, 45
. U.S. television and radio host. Mr. Pyne, originally based in Wilmington, Delaware and then in Los Angeles, was the most outspoken and controversial talk show host of his time. A heavy smoker, he died of lung cancer. Go here for an article about Mr. Pyne.

On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: The Pioneer

Labour
U.S. President Richard Nixon declared a state of emergency in the spreading postal strike, ordering troops to move essential mail in New York City.

Defense
U.S. Secretary of State William Rogers said at a news conference that the United States felt that Israel’s military air capacity to be sufficient for the present, and would "hold in abeyance for now" any decision on Israel’s request to buy 125 jets.

30 years ago
1980


World events
The deposed shah of Iran left Panama the day before the revolutionary government of Iran was to present Iran with a formal request for his extradition.

Energy
In a non-binding referendum, Swedish voters voted in favour of the limited expansion of nuclear power. The two proposals that backed the expansion of nuclear power received 58.1% of the vote.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 6 New York Rangers 1

25 years ago
1985

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Can’t Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon (2nd week at #1)
2 Material Girl--Madonna
3 One More Night--Phil Collins
4 The Heat is On--Glenn Frey
5 Careless Whisper--Wham!
6 Lovergirl--Teena Marie
7 Too Late for Goodbyes--Julian Lennon
8 California Girls--David Lee Roth
9 Sugar Walls--Sheena Easton
10 Private Dancer--Tina Turner

20 years ago
1990


Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. government ordered Western diplomats to leave Lithuania and restricted entry of foreigners into that country.

World events
The Nicaraguan Contras agreed to dismantle their camps in Honduras; those in Nicaragua would gather in United Nations-supervised security zones until they were absorbed into civilian life.

Politics and government
Manitoba Premier Gary Filmon said that he would not ask his province’s legislature to approve the Meech Lake Canadian constitutional accord until its "flaws" had been addressed. In Quebec, Premier Robert Bourassa reiterated his refusal to negotiate any other constitutional changes until Meech Lake was ratified, adding that any attempt by the other provinces to discuss a companion agreement without Quebec’s participation would be "an anti-Quebec strategy."

Environment
The day after being found guilty in an Alaska court of negligent discharge of oil when the oil tanker Exxon Valdez dumped 11 million gallons of oil into Prince William Sound in 1989, the ship’s captain, Joseph Hazelwood, was sentenced to 1,000 hours of community service and ordered to make a "token restitution" of $50,000 over time.

10 years ago
2000

Diplomacy

Pope John Paul II continued his tour of Israel with visits to the chief rabbis in Hechal Shlomo; Israeli President Ezer Weizman; and Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial. He also presided over an inter-religious meeting at Notre Dame Pontifical Institute in Jerusalem.

Monday, 22 March 2010

March 22, 2010

190 years ago
1820

Died on this date
Stephen Decatur, 41
. U.S. naval officer. Mr. Decatur, a hero of the Tripolitan War in 1804-1805, was one of the judges at the court-martial of James Barron, whose ship Chesapeake had been stopped and bombarded by the British warship Leopard in 1807. Mr. Barron had been found guilty in 1808 of neglecting to clear his ship for action, and had been suspended from duty for five years. Mr. Barron nursed a grudge against Mr. Decatur, and finally challenged him to a duel. The duel took place in Bladensburg, Maryland, and Mr. Decatur was mortally wounded.

60 years ago
1950


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Ben Wright and Eric Snowden, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Duke of Hollywell

As far as I know, this is the only episode from the 1949-50 season for which a recording is known to exist.

30 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)--Pink Floyd

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)--Pink Floyd
2 Crazy Little Thing Called Love--Queen
3 Longer--Dan Fogelberg
4 Working My Way Back to You/Forgive Me, Girl--The Spinners
5 On the Radio--Donna Summer
6 Desire--Andy Gibb
7 Him--Rupert Holmes
8 How Do I Make You--Linda Ronstadt
9 Too Hot--Kool & the Gang
10 Call Me--Blondie

Crime
15-year-old Annabel Schild was released by her kidnappersin Sardinia after seven months of captivity.

Hockey
NHL
Buffalo 5 @ Toronto 1

25 years ago
1985

Hockey

NHL
Toronto 3 @ Edmonton 3

20 years ago
1990


War
A Soviet military convoy entered the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, in a nationally-televised address, endorsed New Brunswick Premier Frank McKenna’s proposal of a constitutional accord parallel to the Meech Lake accord, and said that he would introduce it in parliament and immediately refer it to a special committee for study. However, he added that Meech should be approved first and that the companion agreement would follow.

Environment
Joseph Hazelwood, who was captain of the oil tanker Exxon Valdez when it dumped 11 million gallons of oil into Prince William Sound in Alaska on March 24, 1989, was found guilty in a state court in Anchorage of negligent discharge of oil, but was acquitted of criminal mischief and two other charges.

Scandal
Former U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese testified for the defense in the trial of former national security adviser John Poindexter that Adm. Poindexter had not tried to conceal details of the Iran-Contra arms scandal from Congress.

Health
The New England Journal of Medicinereported that taking aspirin daily cut the risk of stroke from 50%-80% among patients suffering from atrial fibrillation.

10 years ago
2000


Diplomacy
Pope John Paul II continued his visit to Israel, meeting with Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and visiting a refugee camp in Bethlehem.

Law
A British Columbia judge struck down part of the toughest anti-smoking policy in Canada, ruling that restaurants and bars hadn't been given enough notice of the change.

Sunday, 21 March 2010

March 21, 2010

60 years ago
1950

On the radio

Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight’s episode: The Jackpot Murder Case

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: My Old Man's Badge, starring Barry Nelson and Steven Hill

50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Theme from "A Summer Place"--Percy Faith and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)

World events
In what became known as the "Sharpeville Massacre,"69 Negroes were killed and 180 injured when police in the South African township of Sharpeville opened fire on a crowd of 5,000 who were protesting outside the municipal offices against the pass laws, which they claimed were imposed by an apartheid government in an attempt to restrict the movements of Negroes.

40 years ago
1970

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Wand’rin’ Star--Lee Marvin (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel (4th week at #1)
2 The Rapper--The Jaggerz
3 Rainy Night in Georgia--Brook Benton
4 Instant Karma--John Ono Lennon
5 Love Grows Where My Rosemary Goes--Edison Lighthouse
6 Ma Belle Amie--The Tee Set
7 Evil Ways--Santana
8 House of the Rising Sun--Frijid Pink
9 He Ain’t Heavy, He’s My Brother--Hollies
10 ABC--The Jackson 5

Calgary’s top 10
1 Let it Be--The Beatles
2 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel
3 Instant Karma--John Ono Lennon
4 Come and Get It--Badfinger
5 Arizona--Mark Lindsay
6 Spirit in the Sky--Norman Greenbaum
7 Ma Belle Amie--The Tee Set
8 The Rapper--The Jaggerz
9 Love Grows Where My Rosemary Goes--Edison Lighthouse
10 Sparkle and Shine--The Clique
Pick hit of the week: Give Me Just a Little More Time--Chairmen of the Board

Politics and government
Cheng Heng, president of the Cambodian National Assembly, was sworn in by the assembly as acting chief of state until elections could be held to choose a successor to the deposed Prince Norodom Sihanouk. Cheng Heng, sidely believed to be a figurehead, vowed to preserve the nation's neutrality and drive out the Viet Cong.

War
U.S. dead in Vietnam for the week ending March 21 numbered 110, while 390 South Vietnamese wee killed. North Vietnamese and Viet Cong dead numbered 2,301.

Labour
U.S. President Richard Nixon intervened in the illegal postal strike, promising to meet his "constitutional obligation to see the mails go through" as the strike spread to Detroit, Denver, and Minneapolis. 200,000 workers were out, including half of those in Boston and Los Angeles.

Journalism
The Edmonton Journal published its last edition of Astronomical Notebook, a feature prepared by the Queen Elizabeth Planetarium in Edmonton that had run on page 2 every day since April 23, 1968.

Sport
Yugoslavian ski jumper Vinko Bogataj tumbled down a ramp at the International Ski Flying Championship in Oberstdorf, West Germany. His fall became perhaps the most frequently viewed scene in sports history when ABC's Wide World of Sports for many years made it part of its videotaped opener to illustrate the "agony of defeat."

Disasters
An Ecuadorian bus plunged down a precicpice outside Ambato, killing 48 and injuring 50.

30 years ago
1980


Diplomacy
White House Chief of Staff Hamilton Jordan went to Panama to attempt to persuade the deposed shah of Iran not to leave the country, attempting to assure him that a dispute between American and Panamanian doctors over treatment of his medical problems (the shah had been diagnosed withh an enlarged spleen) had been resolved, and that it was doubtful that Panama would grant Iran's request for extradition. Panamanian President Aristides Royo had stated that no extradition request would be granted, since it was made from political motives, and the deportee would face the death penalty in Iran.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 9 Montreal 2

20 years ago
1990


Africana
Namibia, formerly known as South-West Africa, became an independent country after being a colony of South Africa since 1920. President Sam Nujoma, a former guerrilla leader, took a moderate stance at the independence celebration, saying he welcomed "inflows of capital and know-how from abroad."

World events
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev banned all sale of firearms in Lithuania and ordered Lithuanians to surrender all firearms to Soviet officials.

Scandal
U.S. federal district court judge Harold Greene ruled that former President Ronald Reagan would not be required to present his presidential diaries to the defense of Adm. John Poindexter, the former national security adviser who was on trial for his role in the Iran-Contra scandal of the 1980s.

Academia
It was the first annual Blue Jeans Day at the University of Alberta, when people were supposed to wear blue jeans to express solidarity with sodomite rights activists. The day probably set a record for the smallest percentage of people wearing blue jeans on campus in many years. I saw one girl, who today would be considered a hate criminal, wearing a t-shirt that read, "Homos don’t tell me what to wear." Many women were wearing skirts, which helped to make the occasion one of the most memorable days in the U of A’s history.

Hockey
NHL
Winnipeg 3 Montreal 2

10 years ago
2000


Diplomacy
Pope John Paul II conducted mass in Amman, visited Wadi Al-Kharrar, Jordan, and then went to Tel Aviv to begin the first official visit of a pope to Israel.

Israel handed over 6.1% of the West Bank to Palestinian control, two days after gaining the approval of the Israeli cabinet. The Palestinian Authority now had at least partial control of about 40% of the West Bank.

U.S. President Bill Clinton, meeting with Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee in New Delhi, urged India to show restraint in its dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir.

Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji said that China would not negotiate with a governing party in Taiwan that supported independence.

Abominations
U.S. district judge K. Michael Moore upheld a ruling by the Immigration and Naturalization Service that 6-year-old Elian Gonzalez must be returned to his father in Cuba. Elian remained in custody of relatives in Miami as the appeal process began.

Saturday, 20 March 2010

March 20, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Cliff Lander!

50 years ago
1960

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: My Old Man’s a Dustman--Lonnie Donegan

40 years ago
1970

Hit parade

Edmonton’s top 10
1 Let it Be--The Beatles
2 Instant Karma--John Ono Lennon
3 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel
4 The Rainmaker--Tom Northcott
5 I Must Have Been Blind--The Collectors
6 Who’ll Stop the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
7 Something’s Burning--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
8 No Time--The Guess Who
9 Come and Get It--Badfinger
10 Temma Harbour--Mary Hopkin

Let it Be, Instant Karma, Come and Get It, and Temma Harbour were all released on Apple Records.

Space
The United States launched NATOSAT-I, a military communications satellite placed into a stationary equatorial orbit by NASA for NATO.

Labour
The strike of U.S. postal workers that had begun in New York the previous day spread to Philadelphia, Cleveland, Chicago, Detroit, Milwaukee, Denver, and San Francisco. The U.S. government and leaders of the seven postal unions reached an agreement to get back on the job while a settlement was being worked out, but the workers vowed to strike "until hell freezes over" for their demands. Congress refused to consider legislation under pressure.

30 years ago
1980

Diplomacy

The United States, in an attempt to gain the release of the hostages from the U.S. embassy in Iran, concluded three days of appeals to the International Criminal Court in The Hague to make a final judgement on Iran’s violation of international law.

World events
Martial law in Zimbabwe ended.

25 years ago
1985

Sport

Libby Riddles became the first woman to win the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race from Anchorage to Nome, Alaska, completing the 1,131-mile course in 18 days, 20 minutes, and 17 seconds.

20 years ago
1990

Politics and government

In an attempt to save the Meech Lake Canadian constitutional accord, New Brunswick Premier Frank McKenna proposed a parallel accord, so that Meech could be approved intact while concessions to its opponents were met in a companion agreement.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Commerce Department reported that consumer prices had increased 0.5% in February. A record rise in oil imports caused the merchandise trade deficit to grow to $9.25 billion in January.

Football
CFL
The British Columbia Lions and Toronto Argos completed their second trade in as many days. The Lions traded quarterback Matt Dunigan to the Argos for quarterback Rick Johnson; linebacker Willie Pless; slotback Emanuel Tolbert; defensive tackle Jearld Baylis; defensive back Todd Wiseman; and linebacker Tony Visco. Two years earlier Mr. Dunigan had been traded from the Edmonton Eskimos to the Lions for what ended up being six players, making the future Hall of Fame member probably the most-traded-for player in Canadian Football League history. Mr. Johnson had announced his intention to retire from football to pursue an acting career, and the Lions were unable to persuade him to change his plans.

10 years ago
2000

Diplomacy

Pope John Paul II met with Jordanian King Abdullah II in Amman, and visited Mount Nebo, from where Moses saw the promised land before his death.

U.S. President Bill Clinton visited Bangladesh; he met with Prime Minister Sheikh Hazina Wazed and pledged $200 million in new aid.

World events
A massacre of three dozen Sikhs in Indian-held Kashmir brought new attention to the geographical dispute between India and Pakistan.

Politics and government
Nick Parsons, a farmer from British Columbia, arrived in Ottawa after driving across Canada on a combine to raise awareness of the need for farm aid. Mr. Parsons met Prime Minister Jean Chretien before heading home.

Crime
Six juvenile offenders wearing bright orange vests were killed by a female drunk driver as they collected trash alongside a highway near Las Vegas.

Two men who worked for the trucking company hired to deliver Academy Awards statuettes were charged with stealing the 55 Oscars, all but three of which were found over the weekend beside a trash bin by a man scavenging for valuables.

Terrorism
Former hostage Terry Anderson was awarded $341 million from Iran by a U.S. federal judge who said his treatment during his nearly seven years’ (1985-1991) of captivity in Beirut was "savage and cruel by any civilized standards."

Friday, 19 March 2010

March 19, 2010

150 years ago
1860

Born on this date

William Jennings Bryan. U.S. politician. Considered one of the greatest orators in American history, Mr. Bryan represented Nebraska in the United States Senate from 1891-1895, and was the Democratic party candidate for President in 1896, 1900, and 1908, losing each time. He served as Secretary of State from 1913-1915 under President Woodrow Wilson, and ended his public career as the prosecuting attorney in the "Scopes Monkey Trial" in 1925. Mr. Bryan died just five days after the end of that trial.

90 years ago
1920

Politics and government

The United States Senate voted for the second time against signing the Treaty of Versailles.

60 years ago
1950


Basketball
NCAA
City College of New York, coached by Nat Holman, defeated Bradley 69-61 to win the National Invitation Tournament at Madison Square Garden.

50 years ago
1960

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Theme from "A Summer Place"--Percy Faith and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)
2 He’ll Have to Go--Jim Reeves
3 Wild One--Bobby Rydell
4 Baby (You’ve Got What it Takes)--Brook Benton and Dinah Washington
5 What in the World’s Come Over You--Jack Scott
6 Handy Man--Jimmy Jones
7 Puppy Love--Paul Anka
8 Harbor Lights--The Platters
9 Sweet Nothin’s--Brenda Lee
10 Beyond the Sea--Bobby Darin

40 years ago
1970


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sean Fleming!

World events
A day after being deposed as Cambodia’s head of state in a coup while he was visiting Moscow, Prince Norodom Sihanouk left for Peking, where he was met by Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai. The new Cambodian government led by Lon Nol was recognized by the United States.

Diplomacy
West German Chancellor Willy Brandt and East German Premier Willi Stoph met in Erfurt, East Germany, the first time that leaders of the two Germanies had met since the country had been divided at the end of World War II. The day-long meeting concluded with an agreement to meet again in an effort to find common ground between their states.

Crime
The U.S. House of Representatives passed an anti-crime bill for the District of Columbia that the administration of President Richard Nixon hoped would be a model for the nation. The measure contained provisions for preventive detention, "no-knock" search, and wiretapping.

30 years ago
1980

Diplomacy

U.S. President Jimmy Carter invited Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin to meet with him in order to explore ways to achieve progress in talks on Palestinian autonomy.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 4 New York Rangers 2

20 years ago
1990

World events

The Lithuanian government ignored the deadline imposed by Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev to rescind the country’s declaration of independence of March 11.

Politics and government
In local elections in Russia, opposition groups scored many victories over Communists. It was reported that insurgents won 281 of 498 seats on Moscow City Council, and Communists also lost control of city councils in Kiev and Leningrad. Nationalist opposition movements continued to gain in voting for various local and republic offices in Estonia, Latvia, and Ukraine.

Football
CFL
The British Columbia Lions traded defensive lineman James Parker, a former winner of the league’s outstanding defensive player award and a future member of the Canadian Football Hall of Fame, to the Toronto Argos for the negotiation rights to former West Virginia University quarterback Major Harris.

10 years ago
2000


Diplomacy
U.S.. President Bill Clinton arrived in New Delhi.

Thursday, 18 March 2010

March 18, 2010

60 years ago
1950


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Chattanoogie Shoe Shine Boy--Red Foley (4th week at #1)
--Bing Crosby
2 Music! Music! Music!--Teresa Brewer with the Dixieland All Stars
3 Rag Mop--The Ames Brothers
--Ralph Flanagan and his Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
--Johnnie Lee Wills and his Boys
4 I Said My Pajamas (And Put on My Pray’rs)--Tony Martin and Fran Warren
5 There’s No Tomorrow--Tony Martin
6 Daddy’s Little Girl--Dick Todd
--The Mills Brothers
7 The Cry of the Wild Goose--Frankie Laine
8 Dear Hearts and Gentle People--Bing Crosby
--Dinah Shore
9 It Isn’t Fair--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
10 Bamboo--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra

Politics and government
The Belgian government of Prime Minister Gaston Eyskens collapsed over a referendum on the return from exile of King Leopold III. A narrow majority of 57.7% voted in favour of the king being allowed back from Switzerland, but the result highlighted sharp divisions within the country and cabinet. There was no majority for the king in Brussels or Walloon areas, but 72% of Flanders voters supported King Leopold III, who had been in exile since the end of World War II. He had surrendered his country to the Nazis in 1940, and had been accused of cooperating with the Nazis.

50 years ago
1960

On television tonight

The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Long Live Walter Jameson, starring Kevin McCarthy

40 years ago
1970

World events

Prince Norodom Sihanouk was deposed as Cambodia's head of state while he was visiting Moscow. The coup d'etat was led by his premier and defense minister, General Lon Nol, who had nearly succeeded in a similar attempt two years earlier. The coup followed a week of anti-Communist protests in which the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese embassies in Pnompenh were sacked.

Labour
More than 6,000 letter carriers in New York City, angry over Congressional sluggishness in granting pay raises, walked off the job and began the first large-scale strike in the 195-year history of the United States Postal Service. Federal courts issued immediate back-to-work injunctions against the illegal strike--government workers were forbidden to strike by federal law--but the injunctions were defied as the walkout spread across the nation.

20 years ago
1990


World events
Soviet forces began military maneuvers in Lithuania, which had declared its independence from the U.S.S.R. a week earlier.

Politics and government
In East German elections, three conservative parties which had joined together as the Alliance for Germany and who favoured rapid reunification of East and West Germany earned 48% of the vote and an equivalent percentage of the seats in parliament. The Social Democratic party was a distant second with 22% of the vote, while the Party of Democratic Socialism, the successor to the Communist Party, received 16%

Crime
13 works of art valued at $100 million or more were stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston. In terms of monetary value, the robbery was the largest in the history of art. Three Rembrandt paintings, including his only seascape, were taken. Five works by Degas and one painting each by Vermeer and Manet were also seized. 20 years later, the paintings still haven't been recovered.

Labour
Ending a 32-day lockout of players from spring training camps, major league baseball owners and players agreed to a new labour agreement to extend through the 1993 season.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 8 Quebec 3
Hartford 3 Edmonton 1

10 years ago
2000


Politics and government
Taiwan's presidential election was won by former Taipei Mayor Chen Shui-bian, who took 39% of the vote. Chen's Democratic Progressive Party had long supported independence for Taiwan, but Chen said that he would not declare independence from mainland China or conduct a referendum on independence unless China attacked Taiwan. The Nationalist Party, which had ruled Taiwan since Chiang Kai-shek's forces had landed on the island after fleeing Communist forces on the mainland in 1949, fared poorly, as Vice-President Lien Chan, the Nationalist Presidential candidate, polled just 23% of the vote. Independent presidential candidate James Soong, a former Nationalist, received 37% of the vote.

Tuesday, 16 March 2010

March 17, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Kathy Fisher!

75 years ago
1935

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Leigh Lovell, on NBC

40 years ago
1970


Diplomacy
For the first time in United Nations history, the United States cast a veto, joining Great Britain in rejecting a resolution in the Security Council sponsored by Asian and African members condemning the U.K. for not using force to overthrow the white minority government in Rhodesia.

Crime
14 officers, including the superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point, Major General Samuel Koster, were accused by the Army of involvement in suppression of information regarding the massacre of civilians in the South Vietnamese hamlet of My Lai on March 16, 1968. General Koster, who commanded the American division on the day of the massacre, resigned as academy superintendent.

Terrorism
Eastern Airlines Captain Robert Wilbur, Jr. landed his plane at Logan Airport in Boston despite being badly wounded in both arms while his co-pilot, James Hartley, lay dying at his side. A passenger, John Divivo, had forced his way into the cockpit with a gun and attempted to hijack the plane, which had taken off from Newark, New Jersey. Before dying, Mr. Hartley managed to wrest the gun from Mr. Divivo and seriously wound him.

30 years ago
1980


Terrorism
Fernando Gomez, Uruguay’s ambassador to Colombia, jumped from a second-storey window of the Dominican Republic’s embassy in Colombia in the early morning darkness and escaped to freedom. Mr. Gomez was one of many members of the international diplomatic corps in Bogota who had been held hostage since February 27 when guerrillas from the radical leftist April 19 Movement invaded and took over the embassy.

25 years ago
1985


Hockey
CIAU
Men’s championship final
York 3 Alberta 2

The final Alberta goal was scored with 1 second remaining in the game.

20 years ago
1990

Hit parade

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Escapade--Janet Jackson (2nd week at #1)
2 Dangerous--Roxette
3 Roam--The B-52’s
4 Price of Love--Bad English
5 We Can’t Go Wrong--The Cover Girls
6 Opposites Attract--Paula Abdul with Wild Pair
7 C’mon and Get My Love--D’Mob
8 No More Lies--Michel’le
9 I Go to Extremes--Billy Joel
10 Black Velvet--Alannah Myles

Politics and government
The Lithuanian parliament formed a non-Communist government.

Boxing
Julio Cesar Chavez knocked out Meldrick Taylor in the final seconds of their 12-round world junior welterweight title fight in Las Vegas, raising his record to 69-0.

Hockey
CIAU
Men's championship final
Moncton 2 Wilfrid Laurier 1

NHL
New Jersey 4 Edmonton 1

10 years ago
2000


Abominations
Paying the price for following a false prophet (see Deuteronomy 18:20-22), an estimated 530 people died in a church fire in Kanungu, Uganda. The deceased were members of the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments, whose leader, Joseph Kibwetere, had erroneously predicted that the world would end on December 31, 1999. Authorities suspected that the incident may have involved murder, as the windows and doors of the church had been locked before the fire began. Within a month after the fire, further investigation found another 444 bodies in various locations.

Business
Canadian National Railways’ plan to merge with the U.S. giant Burlington Northern Santa Fe received a setback when the U.S. government ordered a moratorium on all railway mergers for at least 15 months.

Law
Smith & Wesson, the oldest and largest U.S. handgun manufacturer, agreed to new safety measures in order to end a number of lawsuits. The agreement, negotiated with the administration of President Bill Clinton, settled litigation with 15 cities and the states of New York and Connecticut.

Monday, 15 March 2010

March 16, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Tatyana!

160 years ago
1850


Literature
Nathaniel Hawthorne's novel The Scarlet Letter was published.

100 years ago
1910


Auto racing
Barney Oldfield set a speed record of 131.275 miles an hour for the measured mile in a German Blitzen Benz at Daytona, Florida.

75 years ago
1935


World events
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler cancelled the military clauses of the Treaty of Versailles.

60 years ago
1950


On television tonight
Escape, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Homecoming, starring Marie Kenny, William A. Lee, and Vicky Vola

40 years ago
1970


On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: The Third Passenger

Died on this date
Tammi Terrell, 24
. U.S. singer. Miss Terrell was known for her duets with Marvin Gaye, including Ain't No Mountain High Enough (#19, U.S., 1967); Your Precious Love (#5, 1967); If I Could Build My Whole World Around You (#10, 1967-1968); Ain't Nothing Like the Real Thing (#8, 1968); and You're All I Need to Get By (#7, 1968). She collapsed into Mr. Gaye's arms during a concert in the fall of 1967, and was found to have a brain tumor. Allegations that Valerie Simpson was imitating Miss Terrell's voice and taking her place on the later recordings credited to Miss Terrell were refuted by Miss Simpson in an interview many years later with Miss Terrell's sister.

Terrorism
Two days after hijacking the military-chartered U.S. freighter Columbia Eagle as it was carrying munitions to Thailand and setting the crew adrift, alleged mutineers Clyde McKay, 25, and Alvin Glatkowski, 20, asked for political asylum in Cambodia, where the ship was being held.

Basketball
NBA
The National Basketball Association expanded from 14 to 17 teams by adding the Cleveland Cavaliers, Buffalo Braves, and Portland Trail Blazers. The league also realigned itself into Atlantic, Central, South, and Pacific divisions.

30 years ago
1980


Politics and government
U.S. presidential primaries for the Democratic and Republican parties took place in Illinois. Chicago Mayor Jane Byrne had endorsed U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy as the Democratic candidate, but President Jimmy Carter won 65% of the vote and 165 delegates to the national convention. Sen. Kennedy won 30% and 14 delegates, while California Governor Jerry Brown won 5% of the vote. Former California Governor Ronald Reagan won the Republican primary with 48% of the vote and 39 delegates. Rep. John Anderson won 37% and 26 delegates in his home state, while Rep. Phil Crane, another native son, won 4 delegates. George Bush earned 2 delegates. President Carter also won the Democratic primary in Puerto Rico with 52% of the vote and 21 delegates to 48% and 20 delegates for Sen. Kennedy.

Hockey
CIAU
Men’s championship final
Regina 3 @ Alberta 7

The win gave the Golden Bears their third straight Canadian championship, and the first under head coach Billy Moores, who had filled in that season for Clare Drake, who was on sabbatical. Oddly, the Golden Bears had lost in the western playoffs, and were in the championship tournament only because they were the host team.

25 years ago
1985


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Can’t Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon
2 Careless Whisper--Wham!
3 California Girls--David Lee Roth
4 The Heat is On--Glenn Frey
5 Sugar Walls--Sheena Easton
6 One More Night--Phil Collins
7 Easy Lover--Philip Bailey with Phil Collins
8 Material Girl--Madonna
9 Too Late for Goodbyes--Julian Lennon
10 Lovergirl--Teena Marie

Weather
It was a beautiful day in Edmonton, reaching 54 F.

Music
Stage Band Festival 1985 took place at the Jasper Place campus of Grant MacEwan Community College in Edmonton. This blogger was in attendance.

Terrorism
U.S. journalist Terry Anderson was kidnapped in Beirut; he was not released until December 4, 1991 after 2,454 days in captivity.

20 years ago
1990


Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 @ Buffalo 3

10 years ago
2000


Scandal
A report released by U.S. independent counsel Robert Ray found no credible evidence of wrongdoing by anyone in the administration of President Bill Clinton in connection with the acquisition of confidential FBI files containing information on leading Republicans. Administration officials had claimed that the files turned up at the White House as a result of a mix-up by mid-level staff members, and denied tghat they had ever been stolen or concealed as a political maneuver. First Lady Hillary Clinton was among those under investigation.

Disasters
Eight toddlers were killed in St.-Jean-Baptiste-de-Nicolet, Quebec when the minivan they were in crashed, tossing many of the children into a nearby field.

Sunday, 14 March 2010

March 15, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Walker Morrow!

190 years ago
1820

Americana

Maine was admitted to the union as the 23rd state.

60 years ago
1950

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Ben Wright and Eric Snowden, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Case of the Blue Hydraneas

50 years ago
1960


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Bonnie Findlay!

40 years ago
1970


War
In the strongest assault against Syria since the Six-Day War in 1967, Israeli commando units penetrated 55 miles into the country to shell an army camp 20 miles beyond Damascus and sabotage a power line. Israel’s military command said the raid was in retaliation for Syrian cease-fire violations.

Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin called on U.S. President Richard Nixon to stop American bombing missions in Laos as a first step toward stemming the crisis in Southeast Asia.

Hockey
NHL
Detroit 5 @ Boston 5
Boston defenseman Bobby Orr scored 2 goals and 2 assists to become the first defenseman in National Hockey League history to score 100 points in a single season.

30 years ago
1980

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Crazy Little Thing Called Love--Queen (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Longer--Dan Fogelberg
2 Crazy Little thing Called Love--Queen
3 Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)--Pink Floyd
4 On the Radio--Donna Summer
5 Working My Way Back to You/Forgive Me, Girl--The Spinners
6 Desire--Andy Gibb
7 Yes, I’m Ready--Teri DeSario with K.C.
8 Him--Rupert Holmes
9 How Do I Make You--Linda Ronstadt
10 Too Hot--Kool & the Gang

Politics and government
Former U.S. President Gerald Ford announced his decision not to enter the race for the 1980 Republican party presidential nomination. U.S. Senator Bob Dole (Kansas) withdrew from the Republican race, citing a lack of money, management, and manpower.

Terrorism
Armed terrorists of the pro-independence Puerto Rican group FALN (Armed Forces of National Liberation) invaded the headquarters of the Jimmy Carter/Walter Mondale campaign in Chicago and the George Bush campaign headquarters in New York, gagged staff members, and spray-painted the offices’ walls with anti-statehood slogans. No injuries were reported in either raid; each lasted no more than a half hour. Mr. Bush, a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination, had supported statehood for Puerto Rico, and had won the Puerto Rico presidential primary on February 17. The Democratic primary was to be held on March 16.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 7 Edmonton 3

20 years ago
1990


Died on this date
Farzad Bazoft. U.K. journalist.
Mr. Bazoft, a journalist with the British newspaper The Observer, was executed by Iraqi authorities four days after being convicted of espionage. British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher called the execution "an act of barbarism."

Politics and government
The Israeli coalition government led by Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir fell when it was defeated 60-55 on a non-confidence vote in the Knesset. The vote came after Mr. Shamir refused to accept a U.S. plan for peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians. Likud’s coalition partner, the Labor Party, voted against the government, but the key votes were held by small religious parties. Five members of the Shas party withheld their support for Mr. Shamir after he refused to compromise on the U.S. proposal, and that allowed the non-confidence motion to pass.

Mikhail Gorbachev was elected President of the U.S.S.R. two days after the presidency was redefined as a more powerful position, but he barely received the required 2/3 of the vote.

10 years ago
2000

War

In response to frequent raids by Albanian guerrillas on Serbs in southern Serbia, 350 U.S. infantry troops in the Yugoslavian province of Kosovo raided Albanian strongholds and seized mortars, hand grenades, firearms, and ammunition. Nine Albanians were arrested.

Politics and government
The Canadian House of Commons voted 208-55 in favour of legislation to clarify the rules if Quebec, or any other province, were to hold a referendum on secession.

Law
An Ontario court struck down media baron Conrad Black’s lawsuit against Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien, saying that Mr. Chretien’s decision to block Mr. Black’s appointment to the British House of Lords was beyond judicial review.

March 14, 2010

60 years ago
1950

On the radio

Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight’s episode: The Mathematical Murder Case

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Parcel, starring Conrad Janis, Ray Walston, Royal Dano, and Lee Marvin

Crime
The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation’s "Ten Most Wanted Fugitives" list made its debut.

50 years ago
1960

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Theme from "A Summer Place"--Percy Faith and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)

Space
The British radio telescope at Jodrell Bank in Cheshire set a new space record by making contact with the American Pioneer 5 satellite at a distance of 407,000 miles.

40 years ago
1970

Hit parade

#1 single in the U.K.: Wand’rin’ Star--Lee Marvin (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel (3rd week at #1)
2 Rainy Night in Georgia--Brook Benton
3 The Rapper--The Jaggerz
4 Hey There Lonely Girl--Eddie Holman
5 Travelin’ Band--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Ma Belle Amie--The Tee Set
7 Evil Ways--Santana
8 He Ain’t Heavy, He’s My Brother--Hollies
9 Give Me Just a Little More Time--Chairmen of the Board
10 Kentucky Rain--Elvis Presley

Calgary’s top 10
1 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel
2 Arizona--Mark Lindsay
3 Instant Karma--John Ono Lennon
4 Spirit in the Sky--Norman Greenbaum
5 Come and Get It--Badfinger
6 Raindrops Keep Fallin’ on My Head--B.J. Thomas
7 Ma Belle Amie--The Tee Set
8 Love Grows Where My Rosemary Grows--Edison Lighthouse
9 Light of Love--The Cat
10 He Ain’t Heavy, He’s My Brother--Hollies
Pick hit of the week: Sparkle and Shine--The Clique

Died on this date
Mary Ann Ganser, 22
. U.S. singer. Miss Ganser, along with her twin sister Marge, was a member of the 1960s group the Shangri-Las, whose hits included Remember (Walkin' in the Sand) (#5 U.S., 1964); Leader of the Pack (#1 U.S., 1964); I Can Never Go Home Anymore (#6 U.S., 1965); and my favourite of theirs, Past, Present and Future (#59 U.S., 1966). She had been suffering from seizures but seemed to be recovering when she suffered a fatal seizure while visiting a friend.

Japanica
Expo ‘70 opened in Osaka, Japan.

War
U.S. dead in Vietnam for the week ending March 14 numbered 101, 13 more than the previous week. 620 Americans were wounded. South Vietnam lost 459 dead and 1,162 wounded. North Vietnamese and Viet Cong losses were put at 2,382.

Terrorism
The Columbia Eagle, a military-chartered U.S. freighter carrying munitions to Thailand, was hijacked by two alleged mutineers, who set 24 members of the crew adrift in life rafts after issuing a false alarm of fire. The hijackers diverted the ship to Cambodian waters, while the rest of the men were picked up later by another freighter.

Disasters
A coal mine blast in Breza, Yugoslavia killed at least 48 and injured 10.

37 people were killed when a Brazilian airliner crashed at the mouth of the Amazon River.

27 were killed and 32 injured in a collision of two buses and an alcohol-laden truck in Pachuca, Mexico.

A building under construction in Godthaab, Greenland collapsed, killing 6 and injuring 30.

30 years ago
1980


Died on this date
Allard Lowenstein, 51
. U.S. politician and activist. Mr. Lowenstein, a former U.S. Congressman from New York who had led a movement within the Democratic party to prevent the renomination of President Lyndon Johnson in 1968, was shot and killed in his office by Dennis Sweeney, a former colleague in the civil rights movement. Mr. Sweeney apparently blamed Mr. Lowenstein for family problems that had led to the death of Mr. Sweeney’s stepfather after a heart attack in February.

Economics and finance
After a three-week review of economic policies, U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced a five-point anti-inflation package. The five major elements were: $13 billion in federal spending cuts to balance the 1981 budget combined with $2 billion in cuts for the present year; controls on unsecured loans and other forms of consumer credit, as well as restraints on banks and money market mutual funds; a new voluntary pay standard of 7½-9½%, and an expansion of the staff monitoring wages and prices; a $4.62 fee on each barrel of imported oil, translating to a 10-cent-per-gallon increase in gasoline prices; and measures to increase productivity, savings, and research. Separately, the Federal Reserve announced an additional surcharge of 3 percentage points on the discount rate to large banks borrowing from the Fed on a frequent basis. This move raised the total rate to 16%.

Disasters
A Polish jetliner carrying a 22-member American amateur boxing team crashed after an engine failed minutes before landing at Warsaw. All 87 on board were killed.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 6 Chicago 4

20 years ago
1990


Personal
This blogger began a job as a researcher with Treaty & Aboriginal Rights Research with the Indian Association of Alberta.

Politics and government
The Soviet Congress of People’s Deputies voted to begin popular elections for the presidency beginning in 1995.

The Central Committee of the People’s Revolutionary (Communist) Party in Mongolia voted to drop its monopoly on power as guaranteed by the constitution. Gombojavyn Ochirbat, a reformist leader who had been living in Czechoslovakia, was selected to replace Communist general secretary Jambyn Batmunh, and an all-new Politburo was chosen.

Diplomacy
Representatives from West Germany, East Germany, France, U.K., U.S.S.R., and U.S.A. began talks in Bonn on German reunification.

Sport
Susan Butcher won her fourth Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race in the past five years, covering the 1,158 miles from Anchorage to Nome, Alaska in 11 days, 1 hour, 53 minutes, 23 seconds.

10 years ago
2000


Politics and government
Voting in primaries and caucuses gave U.S. Vice-President Al Gore enough delegates to ensure a first-ballot victory in the contest for the Democratic party presidential nomination. The same was true for the Republican party, where Texas Governor George Bush clinched the nomination.

Economics and finance
Quebec announced that it would cut personal income taxes by $4.5 billion over three years.