Monday, 30 June 2014

July 1, 2014

175 years ago
1839


Died on this date
Mahmud II, 49
. Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, 1808-1839. Mahmud II was preceded as sultan by his brother Mustafa IV, and survived an assassination attempt by his brother. Mahmud II then seized power and had Mustafa IV executed. Sultan Mahmud's reign was characterized by military, administrative, and economic reforms. He died of tuberculosis and was succeeded on the throne by his son Abdülmecid I.

140 years ago
1874


Technology
The Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the first commercially successful typewriter, first went on sale. It was manufactured by E. Remington and Sons, and was also known as Remington No. 1.

110 years ago
1904


Olympics
Several months of sports competitions comprising the Summer Olympic games opened in St. Louis as part of the world's fair. In the games, which ran until November 23, Canada did not send a team, but some Canadian athletes competed along with 13 official nations and 625 competitors.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be Seeing You--Bing Crosby

Theatre
Othello, starring Paul Robeson, Jose Ferrer, and Uta Hagen, closed at the Shubert Theatre on Broadway in New York after 296 consecutive performances, the longest Broadway run of any William Shakespeare play to date.

Died on this date
Carl Mayer, 49
. Austrian-born U.K. screenwriter. Mr. Mayer, who spent his most productive years in Germany, wrote or co-wrote screenplays for such movies as The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920); Der Letzte Mann (The Last Laugh) (1924); Sunrise (1927); Berlin: Symphony of a Great City (1927); 4 Devils (1928); and Das Blaue Licht (The Blue Light) (1932). He fled for England when the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, and worked as an adviser to the British film industry. Mr. Mayer died of cancer.

Tanya Savicheva, 14. Soviet diarist. Miss Savicheva kept a notebook recording her experiences during the Nazi siege of Leningrad in late 1941 and early 1942. She died of intestinal tuberculosis.

War
Despite repeated German armoured attacks, British forces in France around Caen stood fast. An estimated 15,000 members of the Danish underground attacked German troops in Copenhagen as the city was paralyzed by a general strike in protest against Nazi curfew orders. Soviet troops captured Borisov--45 miles northwest of Minsk--and approached to within 4 miles of Polotsk at the northern end of the White Russian front. Allied troops gained along the Italian front, with U.S. forces reaching Cecina. On the east coast of Saipan, U.S. troops advanced to a point within 5 1/2 miles of the northern tip.

Politics and government
Guatemalan President Jorge Ubico resigned in favour of a military junta headed by Generals Eduardo Villagran, Ariza Buenaventura Pineda, and Federico Ponce.

U.S. Senator Samuel Jackson (Indiana) was named permanent chairman of the U.S. Democratic National Committee.

Economics and finance
Representatives of 44 nations attended the opening of an international monetary conference in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire.

Labour
A U.S. Circuit Court in Sioux Falls, South Dakota upheld a state law requiring labour unions to file annual financial statements.

50 years ago
1964


Died on this date
Pierre Monteux, 89
. French-born U.S. orchestra conductor. Orchestras conducted by Mr. Monteux included New York's Metropolitan Opera (1917-1919); Boston Symphony Orchestra (1919-1924); Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra (1924–1934); Orchestre Symphonique de Paris (1929–1938); San Francisco Symphony Orchestra (1936–52); and London Symphony Orchestra (1961-1964).

Music
The album All Summer Long by the Beach Boys was released on Capitol Records. The first track was I Get Around, which had been released as a single two months earlier, and was at or near the top of singles charts in North America.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 34. The mission of Cosmos 33 ended, eight days after launch.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Billy - Don't Be a Hero--Paper Lace (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ayudadme--Camilo Sesto (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Juan Perón, 78
. 29th and 40th Presidents of Argentina, 1946-1955, 1973-1964. Lieutenant General Perón served in Argentina's military government from 1943-1946 before taking office as President. His presidency, aided by the popularity of his second wife Eva, was marked by extensive economic reforms, including expansion of the welfare state, but his popularity declined after Eva's death from cancer in 1952, and he was deposed by a military coup d'état in 1955. After 18 years in exile--mostly in Spain--Lt. Gen. Perón returned to assume the presidency, with third wife Isabel taking the vice presidency. On June 28, 1974, Lt. Gen. Perón suffered a series of heart attacks, and Mrs. Perón was hastily recalled from a European trade mission, and was secretly sworn in as interim President on June 29. She took the office on a full-time basis upon her husband's death until being deposed in a coup d'état on March 24, 1976.

Agriculture
The Turkish government announced a decision to permit again the cultivation and sale of opium poppies.

Law
A jury in Los Angeles ruled that Robert Maheu had been damaged by defamatory statements made by his former employer, billionaire Howard Hughes. Mr. Maheu had demanded $17.3 million in damages because Mr. Hughes had said in a telephone news conference that he had dismissed Mr. Maheu because "he stole me blind." The money value of the damage was to be determined at a later hearing set in October.

Baseball
The Oakland Athletics scored 3 runs in the top of the 8th inning to defeat the California Angels 5-3 before 16,405 fans at Anaheim Stadium in the Angels' first game under manaer Dick Williams, who was replacing the fired Bobby Winkles. Mr. Williams had managed the Athletics from 1971-1973, leading the team to World Series championships in his last 2 seasons, before resigning.

International League
All-Star Game @ Richmond, Virginia
New York Mets (NL) 2 IL All-Stars 1

Bob Apodaca, the second of four New York pitchers, pitched 6 innings of scoreless relief to get the win as the defending National League champion Mets edged the International League All-Stars before 6,593 fans at Parker Field. Craig Swan started on the mound for the Mets and gave up a run in the bottom of the 1st inning when Art Howe of the Charleston Charlies singled home Alan Bannister of the Toledo Mud Hens. The Mets tied it in the top of the 2nd when Ken Boswell singled home Cleon Jones. The winning run scored in the top of the 5th when Ted Martinez scored from third base as the All-Stars failed to complete a double play on a ground ball hit by Don Hahn. Barry Lersch of the Richmond Braves started on the mound for the IL. Scott McGregor, the third of five IL pitchers, pitched the 5th inning and took the loss. Mr. Apodaca, who pitched the 2nd through the 7th innings for New York, gave up 4 hits and no bases on balls, while striking out 5 batters.

Juan Pizarro tied the Mexican League record with his fifth consecutive shutout as Cordoba edged Tampico 1-0 in 10 innings. The record was set by Jim Horsford in 1968.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Self Control--Raf

Movies
The Motion Picture Association of America established the "PG-13" rating.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. rejected the attempt by the U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan to tie space weapons talks to the talks on nuclear missiles scheduled for Vienna in September.

Politics and government
The National Organization for Women passed a resolution calling for the nomination of a woman for Vice-President of the United States.

Golf
Greg Norman won the Canadian Open at Glen Abbey in Oakville, Ontario. First prize money was $72,000.

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-0) 25 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 15

Baseball
Pitcher Paul Splittorff announced his retirement from the Kansas City Royals. Mr. Splittorff spent his entire major league career (1970-1984) with the Royals, winning 166 games and losing 143. In 1973 he became the first Royal to win 20 games. This blogger saw him pitch in person on August 3, 1975, when he held the Oakland Athletics to one base on balls and one infield hit in the first inning, and retired the last 26 batters in a 5-0 Kansas City win.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Look--Roxette

#1 single in France (SNEP): Johnny, Johnny Come Home--Avalanche (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): When The Night Comes--Joe Cocker (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): No More Boleros--Gerard Joling (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Back to Life (However Do You Want Me)--Soul II Soul featuring Caron Wheeler (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Satisfied--Richard Marx (2nd week at #1)
2 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
3 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
4 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
5 Every Little Step--Bobby Brown
6 This Time I Know it's for Real--Donna Summer
7 Express Yourself--Madonna
8 I'll Be Loving You (Forvever)--New Kids on the Block
9 I Drove All Night--Cyndi Lauper
10 Cry--Waterfront

Singles entering the chart were Soul Provider by Michael Bolton (#70); Comin' Down Tonight by Thirty Eight Special (#72); It Isn't, It Wasn't, It Ain't Never Gonna Be by Aretha Franklin and Whitney Houston (#79); Open Letter (To A Landlord) by Living Colour (#83); Talk it Over by Grayson Hugh (#89); Gonna Make It by Sa-Fire (#91); and Little Fighter by White Lion (#93).

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain (2nd week at #1)

World events
Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yasser Arafat returned to the Gaza Strip after 27 years in exile.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council authorized a commission to investigate "acts of genocide" in Rwanda.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had remained unchanged from April to May.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Marlon Brando, 80
. U.S. actor. Mr. Brando achieved fame playing Stanley Kowalski in the Broadway production of A Streetcar Named Desire (1947), a role which propelled him to greater stardom when he starred in the 1951 movie version of the play. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for that role, as well as for starring performances in Viva Zapata! (1952); Julius Caesar (1953); and Sayonara (1957), winning for On the Waterfront (1954) and The Godfather (1972). Mr. Brando starred in an impressive series of movies during the 1950s, but his career gradually declined. Most of the obituaries about Mr. Brando started out by referring to him as the greatest actor of his generation--and finished by talking about how he squandered his talent.

Space
The international Cassini-Huygens probe entered Saturn's orbit after a nearly seven-year journey, and sent back photographs revealing details of Saturn's ice and rock rings.

World events
Former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, now in Iraqi hands, appeared in court in Baghdad with 11 co-defendants on charges of crimes against humanity stemming from the 1988 gassing of Iraqi Kurds, the 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, and the persecution of political opponents.

Diplomacy
United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan and U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell visited Sudan, where they urged the Sudanese government to rein in Arab militias in Darfur.

June 30, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lucia Rios!

225 years ago
1789


Born on this date
Horace Vernet
. French artist. Mr. Vernet, one of several renowned painters in the Vernet family and a relative of Sherlock Holmes, was known for his paintings of battles. He died on January 17, 1863 at the age of 73.

150 years ago
1864


Americana
U.S. President Abraham Lincoln signed the Yosemite Valley Grant Act giving Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Big Tree Grove to California for "public use, resort and recreation."

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Francisco da Costa Gomes
. 15th President of Portugal, 1974-1976. General Costa Gomes was one of several military leaders who made up the National Salvation Junta after the Carnation Revolution in 1974, and was named to the presidency by the junta, replacing António de Spínola, who had resigned. Mr. Costa Gomes was made a Field Marshal in 1982, and died on July 31, 2001 at the age of 87.

80 years ago
1934


World events
In what became known as the Night of the Long Knives, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler ordered the murders of dozens of men regarded as rivals or critics regarding his leaderhip of Germany and the Nazi party. A partial list of victims may be found here.

Defense
The German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee was launched.

Football
NFL
G.A. Richards bought the Portsmouth Spartans and moved the franchise to Detroit, where they were renamed the Lions. They had been in Portsmouth, Ohio since 1930.

Baseball
New York Yankees’ first baseman Lou Gehrig hit 3 triples in as many plate appearances against the Washington Nationals at Griffith Stadium in Washington, but the game was called because of rain after 4½ innings. Since a game has to go at least 5 full innings when the home team isn’t ahead, it officially went as a postponement, and none of the records from the game counted in the official statistics.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Sunday, Monday or Always--Frank Sinatra; George Trevare (2nd month at #1)

War
In France, the Battle of Cherbourg ended with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces. Flight Lieutenant David Hornell scored a U-boat kill off Scotland's Shetland Islands, the fourth such kill in June 1944 by Royal Canadian Air Force 162 Squadron. Soviet troops outflanked Minsk, capital of White Russia.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull announced that the U.S.A. was severing diplomatic relations with Finland because of Finland's partnership with Nazi Germany.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a Congressional resolution granting independence to the Philippines as soon as Japanese military forces were ejected.

Herbert Brownell, Jr. was named chairman of the U.S. Republican National Committee.

Economics and finance
The Canadian Parliament passed an Act to establish a Department of Reconstruction.

The U.S. Works Progress Administration officially ended. In eight years, it gave employment to nearly 8.5 million people, spending almost $13 billion.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the bill extending the term of the Office of Price Administration.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heideröslein--Friedel Hensch und die Cyprys (1st month at #1)

Died on this date
Andrass Samuelsen, 80. Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands, 1948-1950. Mr. Samuelsen, leader of the Union Party, was the first Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands after the islands were given self-government within the Danish Realm in 1948. He died the day before his 81st birthday.

Space
A total eclipse of the sun was seen in North America, Europe, and Asia.

Diplomacy
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden left Ottawa to return to London after two days of talks with Canadian Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent and Secretary of State for External Affairs Lester Pearson. For Mr. Churchill, it was his last visit to Canada.

50 years ago
1964


Died on this date
Roscoe Pound, 93. U.S. jurist. Dr. Pound was Dean of Law at Harvard University from 1916-1936, and was regarded as the U.S.A.'s greatest living authority on law--despite not having a law degree. He earned the University of Nebraska's first Ph.D. in botany in 1898, eight years after dropping out of Harvard Law School after one year.

Music
The Beach Boys were at Western Recorders in Hollywood, California, where they finished recording the song Merry Christmas, Baby, which appeared on The Beach Boys' Christmas Album, released several months later.

40 years ago
1974


Died on this date
Mule Haas, 70. U.S. baseball player. George Haas played center field with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1925); Philadelphia Athletics (1928-1932, 1938); and Chicago White Sox (1933-1937), batting .292 with 45 home runs and 496 runs batted in in 1,168 games. He was a member of the teams that won American League pennants from 1929-1931, winning the World Series in 1929 and 1930. The highlight of Mr. Haas' career occurred in the bottom of the 7th inning of the fourth game of the 1929 World Series against the Chicago Cubs at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. The Athletics were leading the series 2 games to 1, but the Cubs were leading the game 8-0 after 6 1/2 innings. The Athletics then rallied for 10 runs, the final 3 coming on a home run by Mr. Haas. Philadelphia won the game 10-8 and went on to win ther series in 5 games. Mr. Haas was a major league coach in later years, and became known as one of the game's leading "bench jockeys," taunting opposing players such as Ted Williams, Bobo Newsom, and Johnny Allen.

Alberta Williams King, 69. U.S. murder victim. Mrs. King, the mother of slain Negro civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., was shot to death while playing the organ at Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. A church deacon was also killed and a young attender wounded. Marcus Wayne Chenualt, 23, of Dayton, Ohio was the shooter.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Self Control--Raf (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): The Reflex--Duran Duran (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): The Reflex--Duran Duran (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Two Tribes--Frankie Goes To Hollywood (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Two Tribes--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Reflex--Duran Duran (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
2 When Doves Cry--Prince
3 The Reflex--Duran Duran
4 Eyes Without a Face--Billy Idol
5 Self Control--Laura Branigan
6 Time After Time--Cyndi Lauper
7 Jump (For My Love)--The Pointer Sisters
8 Sister Christian--Night Ranger
9 Borderline--Madonna
10 Oh Sherrie--Steve Perry

Singles entering the chart were State of Shock by the Jacksons with Mick Jagger (#26); She's Mine by Steve Perry (#62); Sexy Girl by Glenn Frey (#77); It Can Happen by Yes (#87); Missing You by John Waite (#88); and The Warrior by Scandal featuring Patty Smyth (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Let's Hear it for the Boy--Deniece Williams
2 Oh Sherrie--Steve Perry
3 Time After Time--Cyndi Lauper
4 The Reflex--Duran Duran
5 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
6 Self Control--Laura Branigan
7 Eyes Without a Face--Billy Idol
8 To All the Girls I've Loved Before--Julio Iglesias and Willie Nelson
9 The Heart of Rock and Roll--Huey Lewis and the News
10 Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins

Singles entering the chart were Romancing the Stone by Eddy Grant (#45); New Girl Now by Honeymoon Suite (#48); Walk Away by the Box (#49); and What is Love? by Howard Jones (#50).

Died on this date
Lillian Hellman, 79
. U.S. playwright and author. Miss Hellman's plays included The Children's Hour (1934); The Little Foxes (1939); Watch on the Rhine (1941); Another Part of the Forest (1946); The Autumn Garden (1951); and Toys in the Attic (1960). Her autobiographical books, including Pentimento (1973) and Scoundrel Time (1976) have been criticized as consisting largely of lies.

Politics and government
John Turner, who had been elected leader of the Liberal Party of Canada two weeks earlier, took office as Prime Minister of Canada, replacing the retiring Pierre Trudeau.

Golf
Nick Price was leading the Canadian Open after three rounds at Glen Abbey in Oakville, Ontario.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-0) 49 @ Montreal (0-1) 31
Ottawa (0-1) 31 @ Edmonton (1-0) 32

Football
Hamilton running back Kelvin Lindsey, playing his first CFL game, rushed 83 yards for a touchdown as the Tiger-Cats beat the Concordes at Olympic Stadium. It was also the CFL debut for former University of Nebraska star Turner Gill, who started at quarterback for the Concordes.

Dave Cutler’s 11-yard field goal with less than 2 minutes remaining gave the Eskimos their win over the Rough Riders at Commonwealth Stadium. Matt Dunigan, making his first start as a CFL quarterback, completed just 14 of 33 passes, but 4 of the completions went to Brian Kelly for touchdowns as the Eskimos rallied from an early 14-0 deficit. Mr. Kelly tied Jim Germany’s record for touchdowns in a game, and became the first Eskimo to score 4 receiving touchdowns in a game. Eskimos’ safety Lou DesLauriers made 3 interceptions in his first CFL game, all off Ottawa quarterback J.C. Watts. Mr. DesLaurier’s third interception came in the last minute, just when the Rough Riders appeared to be driving for a game-winning field goal. For many members of the rebuilding Eskimos, it was their first game with the team. Among the newcomers was linebacker Danny Bass, recently acquired in a trade with the Calgary Stampeders. For punter Paul Hickie, it was his last game with the team; he punted 8 times for a league-leading 46.3-yard average, but kicked to the wrong side of the field (i.e., away from the coverage that the Eskimos had set up) in the first quarter, and Dave Newman returned the ball 35 yards to set up an Ottawa touchdown. Brian Allen, whose fine play in pre-season had enabled him to beat out Chris Woods for the wide receiver spot opposite Brian Kelly, caught 2 passes for just 10 yards in what turned out to be his only CFL game. For the Eskimos, the win was their seventh straight in season openers.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Pop Singer--John Cougar Mellencamp

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Das Omen (Teil I)--Mysterious Art


20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Anytime You Need a Friend--Mariah Carey

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (9th week at #1)

Politics and government
Socialist Democratic Party of Japan leader Tomiichi Murayama, who had been named the country's Prime Minister the previous day, announced his cabinet, which was dominated by members of the Liberal Democratic Party, the other partner in the governing coalition.

Figure skating
The United States Figure Skating Association stripped Tonya Harding of her 1994 U.S. women's championship as a result of Ms. Harding's participation in a plot to assault her chief rival and defending champion, Nancy Kerrigan. Miss Kerrigan had been clubbed on the leg on January 6 after a practice in preparation for the national championships. Her injury kept her from skating in the competition, and Ms. Harding won. The USFSA concluded that Ms. Harding had "prior knowledge" of the incident. She was also banned from the USFSA'a ranks for life. Four men, including Ms. Harding's ex-husband, had admitted roles in the attack.

10 years ago
2004


World events
Americans handed over legal custody of former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein and 11 of his aides to the Iraqi government. The United States, however, retained physical custody of the prisoners.

Law
The Supreme Court of Israel ordered Israel to dismantle a 20.5-mile portion of the security wall in the West Bank because it separated Palestinian landowners from their land. The court, however, ruled that Israel had a right to build the wall.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board raised its key interest rate for the first time in four years, from 1%-1.25%.

Sunday, 29 June 2014

June 29, 2014

150 years ago
1864


Disasters
In Canada's worst railway disaster, a Grand Trunk Railway train ran through an open switch near St.-Hilaire, Quebec and fell through an open swing bridge into the Richelieu River, killing 99 people, many of them German and Polish immigrants.

80 years ago
1934


Golf
Henry Cotton won the British Open at Royal St. George's Golf Club in Sandwich, England with a score of 283, 5 strokes ahead of Sid Brews. First prize money was £100.

70 years ago
1944


Literature
Anna and the King of Siam by Margaret Landon was published in New York.

War
In Camilly France, the Canadian Army Second Corps under Guy Simonds was sent to join the Second Army in the Caen sector with the Eighth Army on its left and the First Corps on its right; the second Infantry Division was sent immediately since infantry casualties were heavy because of fierce counterattacks from German forces. Allied troops in Italy made gains of up to 9 miles along a 100-mile front. Soviet units reported the liberation of 1,050 localities in White Russia, including Bobruisk. The White House published a joint statement by U.S. service chiefs General George Marshall, General Hap Arnold, and Admiral Ernest King warning against optimism over an early military victory.

World events
The government of Argentina seized all properties of the "House of Bamberg," reportedly worth more than $1 billion, for allegedly falsifying inheritance tax reports.

Labour
An estimated 10,000 workers at the Timken Roller Bearing Company in Canton, Ohio went on strike due to a breakdown in labour relations and the company's plans to close down its furnaces.

Medicine
The American Red Cross announced development of a serum to prevent measles.

60 years ago
1954


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Hunted, starring Ward Bond, John Kerr, Jane Du Frayne, and Steve Parker

Diplomacy
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden arrived in Ottawa for two days of talks with Canadian Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent and Secretary of State for External Affairs Lester Pearson.

Boxing
Sonny Liston (6-0) won an 8-round unanimous decision over Johnny Summerlin (18-2-2) in a heavywweight bout at Motor City Arena in Detroit.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Mamma--Charles Aznavour (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
Eric Dolphy, 36
. U.S. musician. Mr. Dolphy was a jazz saxophonist, flautist, and clarinetist, who also played other instruments and led his own band. He died in Berlin after lapsing into a coma because of an undiagnosed diabetic condition.

Music
The Beach Boys were at Western Recorders in Hollywood, California, where they recorded vocals for the songs Frosty the Snowman; We Three Kings of Orient Are; Blue Christmas; White Christmas; Santa Claus is Coming to Town; and I'll Be Home for Christmas, all of which appeared on The Beach Boys' Christmas Album, released several months later.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Sugar Baby Love--The Rubettes

#1 single in the U.K.: She--Charles Aznavour

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Devil Gate Drive--Suzi Quatro (2nd week at #1)
2 Billy - Don't Be a Hero--Paper Lace
3 The Entertainer--Marvin Hamlisch
4 Seasons in the Sun--Terry Jacks
5 Hooked on a Feeling--Blue Swede
6 The Air That I Breathe--The Hollies
7 Candle in the Wind/Bennie and the Jets--Elton John
8 The Loco-Motion--Grand Funk
9 Ships in the Night--Vicki Lawrence
10 The Way We Were--Barbra Streisand

Singles entering the chart were Evie by Stevie Wright (#16); La Grange by ZZ Top (#25); Do the Spunky Monkey by Digby Richards (#28); and You Make Me Feel Brand New by the Stylistics (#37).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sundown--Gordon Lightfoot

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sundown--Gordon Lightfoot
2 Billy, Don't Be a Hero--Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods
3 Be Thankful for What You Got--William DeVaughn
4 Rock the Boat--The Hues Corporation
5 You Make Me Feel Brand New--The Stylistics
6 If You Love Me (Let Me Know)--Olivia Newton-John
7 Haven't Got Time for the Pain--Carly Simon
8 Hollywood Swinging--Kool & The Gang
9 Rock Your Baby--George McCrae
10 Rock and Roll Heaven--The Righteous Brothers

Singles entering the chart were Fish Ain't Bitin' by Lamont Dozier (#63); Love is the Message by MFSB featuring the Three Degrees (#76); Kung Fu by Curtis Mayfield (#77); Hang On in There Baby by Johnny Bristol (#84); That Song is Driving Me Crazy by Tom T. Hall (#88); Time for Livin' by Sly and the Family Stone (#94); Secretary by Betty Wright (#98); What's Your Name by Andy and David Williams (#99); and You Can't Be a Beacon (If Your Light Don’t Shine) by Donna Fargo (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Sundown--Gordon Lightfoot (3rd week at #1)
2 Billy, Don't Be a Hero--Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods
3 You Make Me Feel Brand New--The Stylistics
4 If You Love Me (Let Me Know)--Olivia Newton-John
5 Haven't Got Time for the Pain--Carly Simon
6 The Air that I Breathe--The Hollies
7 Band on the Run--Paul McCartney & Wings
8 Save the Last Dance for Me--The DeFranco Family featuring Tony DeFranco
9 Be Thankful for What You Got--William DeVaughn
10 Rock the Boat--The Hues Corporation

Singles entering the chart were Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me by Elton John (#74); Call on Me by Chicago (#76); Room Full of Roses by Mickey Gilley (#77); Wake Up and Love Me by April (#86); Happiness is Just Around the Bend by the Main Ingredient (#89); I'm on Fire for You Baby by April Wine (#94); Tell Me Something Good by Rufus (#95); Worse Comes to Worst by Billy Joel (#96); When Morning Comes by Hoyt Axton (#98); I Wish it were Me by the Dells (#99); and You're Welcome, Stop on By by Bobby Womack (#100).

#1 single in Calgary: Billy, Don't Be a Hero--Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
In Moscow, U.S. President Richard Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev concluded two days of signing agreements on cultural, scientific, and economic cooperation, augmenting accords signed in 1972. Talks between the leaders on nuclear weapons continued for several days thereafter.

In Toronto, Soviet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defected from the Soviet Union while in Toronto as a guest star with the Bolshoi Ballet, who were on a Canadian tour. He was helped by John Fraser, dance critic for the Toronto newspaper The Globe and Mail, and was granted permission to stay.

Politics and government
Isabel Peron, 43, was sworn in as interim President of Argentina after her husband Juan, 78, took ill. Mrs. Peron had been Vice President since her husband's return to power in 1973 after 18 years in exile.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I'm Only Shooting Love--Time Bandits

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Self Control--Laura Branigan (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. offered to begin talks with the United States in the fall of 1984 on banning weapons in space. The U.S. State Department said it was willing, but wanted the talks broadened to include other weapons systems.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of Leading Economic Indicators had declind 0.1% in May.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (0-1) 17 @ Calgary (1-0) 24

The Stampeders' win over the Blue Bombers at McMahon Stadium marked a successful regular season debut for Steve Buratto as a CFL head coach.

25 years ago
1989


Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (0-2) 16 @ Toronto (1-0) 17
British Columbia (1-0) 25 @ Calgary (0-1) 7

The Argos' win over the Blue Bombers was the first football game ever played at SkyDome.

20 years ago
1994


Politics and government
The Social Democratic Party of Japan and Liberal Democratic Party joined forces in the Diet to elect Socialist leader Tomiichi Murayama Prime Minister of Japan. Mr. Murayama succeeded Tsutomu Hata, who had resigned four days earlier.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-1) 43 @ Baltimore (2-0) 45
Hamilton (1-1) 28 @ Ottawa (0-2) 27
Sacramento (0-2) 4 @ Saskatchewan (1-1) 19
Edmonton (1-1) 11 @ Las Vegas (2-0) 22

10 years ago
2004


Defense
In the face of growing violence, Afghan President Hamid Karzai called on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to send more troops to Afghanistan ahead of the elections scheduled for October.

Baseball
Randy Johnson of the Arizona Diamondbacks became the fourth pitcher in major league history to record 4,000 career strikeouts, striking out 8 as he absorbed a 3-2 loss to the San Diego Padres before 34,633 fans at Bank One Ballpark in Phoenix.

Saturday, 28 June 2014

June 28, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, James Remnant!

120 years ago
1894


Americana
Labor Day became a holiday for federal employees by an act of Congress.

120 years ago
1894


Economics and finance
Delegates from the United Kingdom, Australia, South Africa, and New Zealand attended the Intercolonial Trade meeting to develop commercial ties and cut tariff barriers.

110 years ago
1904


Disasters
The Danish passenger liner SS Norge ran aground on Hasselwood Rock near Rockall in the north Atlantic Ocean and sank. Over 635 people, including 225 Norwegians, perished, while there were 160 survivors.

100 years ago
1914


Died on this date
Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, 50
; Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, 46. The heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, and his wife, were assassinated in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, one of six members of a group supporting Austria-Hungary's southern provinces breaking away to form Yugoslavia. The resulting international reaction and entangling military alliances led to the outbreak of World War I several weeks later.

75 years ago
1939


Boxing
Joe Louis (39-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of Tony Galento (76-24-5) at 2:29 of the 4th round at Yankee Stadium in New York. "Two-Ton" Tony provided some excitement in the 3rd round when he knocked the champion down.

Baseball
The New York Yankees set a major league record with 13 home runs in a doubleheader as they swept a pair from the Philadelphia Athletics, 23-2 and 10-0 before 21,612 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. In the opener, the home runs came from Babe Dahlgren (2); Joe DiMaggio (2); Bill Dickey; Joe Gordon; Tommy Henrich; and George Selkirk. Homers in the second game were hit by Joe Gordon (2); Frank Crosetti; Mr. DiMaggio; and Mr. Dahlgren. The Athletics hit no home runs in the two games. Monty Pearson won the first game, Lefty Gomez the second. New York captain Lou Gehrig, recently diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, took the lineup card to home plate before the second game and received a standing ovation from the fans. Philadelphia manager Connie Mack, who seldom left the dugout, walked to home plate to shake Mr. Gehrig's hand.

70 years ago
1944


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Hal Breeden!

This blogger's favourite baseball player of the mid-1970s, Mr. Breeden was a first baseman and pinch hitter with the Chicago Cubs (1971) and Montreal Expos (1972-1975). He was born in Albany, Georgia, 2 years and a day after his brother Danny, who was briefly his teammate with the Cubs.

War
Royal Canadian Air Force fighters downed 26 German planes over France, mostly in support of railway yard bombing. U.K. forces in France closed in on Caen from three sides. U.S. troops captured Castagneto, Italy. Soviet troops took Mogilev, 110 miles east of Minsk. Japanese forces in China launched a general offensive from Canton with the aim of joining forces with troops pushing southward from the province of Hunan.

Diplomacy
U.S. Ambassador to Argentina Norman Armour was recalled to Washington for immediate consultation.

Politics and government
At the Republican National Convention in Chicago, New York Governor Thomas Dewey and Ohio Governor John Bricker were nominated on the first ballot as the party's respective candidates for President and Vice President of the United States in the November 1944 election.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill giving preference in government employment to war veterans.

50 years ago
1964


Society
Malcolm X formed the Organization of Afro-American Unity.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: The Streak--Ray Stevens (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Waterloo--ABBA (3rd week at #1)

On the radio
Peter Gzowski did his last show after four years as host of This Country in the Morning on CBC AM.

Died on this date
Vannevar Bush, 84. U.S. engineer. Dr. Bush was head of the U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) during World War II, and thus oversaw almost all military research and development. He co-founded Raytheon Company and devised the memex, a forerunner of the World Wide Web.

Frank Sutton, 50. U.S. actor. Mr. Sutton was best known for playing Sergeant Carter in the television comedy series Gomer Pyle, USMC (1964-1969). Mr. Sutton died of a heart attack.

World events
The Ethiopian army's 4th Division took virtual control of Addis Ababa and began a new series of arrests of prominent officials.

Terrorism
The U.S. State Department reported that eight Arab terrorists who had killed two American diplomats and a Belgian in the March attack on the Saudi Arabian embassy in Khartoum and had been turned over to the Palestine Liberation Organization on June 24 by Sudanese President Gafaar al-Nimeiry had been arrested upon their arrival in Egypt.

Crime
Chief prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi and defense attorney David Shinn, both participants in the 1970 murder trial of Charles Manson, were indicted in Los Angeles on three counts each of perjury for denyin that they had violated a gag rule that prohibited participants in the trial from discussing the case with the press, specifically in saying that they were sources for Los Angeles reporter William Farr. Mr. Farr had written an exclusive article saying that the Manson "family" had planned a series of murders other than the ones for which they were being tried, and had already serve 46 days in jail for refusing to reveal his sources before a grand jury.

Disasters
At least 200 people were killed in a landslide in Colombia 95 miles east of Bogota.

30 years ago
1984


Diplomacy
Rev. Jesse Jackson, in Nicaragua, praised the Sandanista regime and predicted that it would win a "final victory" over insurgents supported by the United States. He then returned to Havana and then returned to the United States, accompanied by the 22 American prisoners who had been freed the previous day after negotiations with Cuban dictator Fidel Castro. Rev. Jackson repudiated the comments of Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan, who four days earlier, had said that Judaism was a "gutter religion" and that Israel was an "outlaw" state.

In a prisoner exchange, Syria delivered to Israel 3 soldiers captured in Lebanon and 3 diplomats seized May 1 after they drove into Syrian-controlled territory in Lebanon. Israel returned 291 Syrian soldiers.

Crime
In London, Ontario, a number of archival documents were stolen from the regional history collection at D.B. Weldon Library at the University of Western Ontario. The thief had asked to see certain documents, and while the staff weren't looking, had stuffed them into his briefcase and departed. Regional history curator Ed Phelps became aware of the theft when a local coin and stamp dealer called him to report that someone had attempted to sell the documents to him, and a foot chase then took place on the streets of downtown London at lunchtime. Police commandeered a truck, but the chase ended when the truck driver was reluctant to pursue the thief down the wrong way of a one-way street. The London Free Press reported, "Phelps regretted that he was not in better shape so that he could continue the chase. 'I stood there jumping up and down with my glasses flapping.'" The documents were recovered several months later when they were found in a locker at the downtown train station (or was it the bus depot?), and the thief was nabbed in the United States when he tried to pull a similar caper. In 1987 Mr. Phelps was kind enough to show this blogger the regional history collection's file on the case, and Mr. Phelps remarked that it may have been the first time that a police report form was used as an archival finding aid.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Minä olen muistanut--Kim Lönnholm (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Eternal Flame--Bangles (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Mike Sebastian, 79
. U.S. football player and coach. Mr. Sebastian was a star halfback with the University of Pittsburgh before playing with 6 teams in the National Football League and 3 teams in the American Football League from 1934-1938. After World War II, he spent many years as a high school coach.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Ottawa (0-1) 7 @ Hamilton (1-0) 41
Edmonton (0-1) 24 @ Saskatchewan (2-0) 28

20 years ago
1994


Terrorism
Members of the Aum Shinrikyo cult released sarin gas in Matsumoto, Japan, killing 8 people and injuring 660.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Shreveport (0-2) 1 @ Toronto (2-0) 24
British Columbia (1-1) 37 @ Calgary (1-1) 24

10 years ago
2004


Politics and government
In the Canadian federal election, the Liberal government of Prime Minister Paul Martin, which had a year and a half remaining with a majority of the 308 seats in the House of Commons before the expiration of the life of Parliament, was reduced to a minority. The Liberals captured 135 seats to 99 for the Conservative Party; 54 for the Bloc Quebecois; 19 for the New Democratic Party; and 1 independent. At the dissolution of Parliament 36 days earlier, the standings had been: Liberal--168; Conservative--72; Bloc Quebecois--33; New Democratic Party--14; Independent--10. Voter turnout was 60.9%, the lowest in Canadian history.

Two days earlier than planned, sovereign power was handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending U.S.-led rule of that nation.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that enemy combatants could challenge their detention in U.S. courts.

Friday, 27 June 2014

June 27, 2014

175 years ago
1839


Died on this date
Ranjit Singh, 58
. Maharajah of Punjab, 1801-1839. Majarajah Ranjit Singh was the founder of the Sikh Empire, that existed from 1799-1849. He was succeeded as Maharajah by his son Kharak Singh.

160 years ago
1854


Technology
New Brunswick chemist Abraham Gesner was awarded a U.S. patent for distilling kerosene from petroleum; it completely replaced whale oil in lamps in a few years.

130 years ago
1884


Baseball
Larry Corcoran pitched a no-hitter as the Chicago White Stockings blanked the Providence Grays 6-0 at Lakefront Park in Chicago.

100 years ago
1914


Boxing
Jack Johnson (40-5-8) retained his world heavyweight title with a 20-round decision over Frank Moran (21-7-2) at Velodrome d'Hiver in Paris.



90 years ago
1924


Golf
Walter Hagen won the British Open at Royal Liverpool Golf Club in Hoylake, England with a score of 301, 1 stroke ahead of Ernest Whitcombe. First prize money was £75.

80 years ago
1934


Died on this date
Francesco Buhagiar, 57
. Prime Minister of Malta, 1923-1924. Mr. Buhagiar, the leader of the Popular Union party, was Malta's second Prime Minister. He was succeeded by Ugo Mifsud.

70 years ago
1944


Theatre
Ten Little Indians by Agatha Christie opened at the Broadhurst Theatre on Broadway in New York City. The cast included Neil Fitzgerald, Georgia Harvey, and Halliwell Hobbes.

Died on this date
Milan Hodža, 66
. Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia, 1935-1938. Mr. Hodža, the leader of the Czechoslovak Agrarian Party, was known for his attempts to establish a democratic federation of Central European states. He fled the country after the Munich agreement in 1938 that essentially violated Czechoslovakia's sovereignty, and lived in exile in several countries. Mr. Hodža died in Clearwater, Florida.

War
British units on the left flank of the Normandy beachhead launched an offensive that gained more than five miles southeast of Tilly-sur-Seulles. British troops recaptured Chiusi, Italy. Soviet troops captured Mogilev, 110 miles east of Minsk. U.S. troops pushed two miles north of Kagman Point on the eastern shore of Saipan.

World events
Guatemalan President Jorge Ubico issued a decree placing all personnel of railraods, health, light, and water organizations under military laws and regulations until further notice.

Politics and government
The platform of the U.S. Republican Party, presented at the Republican National Convention in Chicago, pledged extension to old age and unemployment insurance; promised labour freedom from "political trickery;" offered farmers reorganization of the U.S. Agriculture Department; and approved U.S. participation in a postwar organization to prevent the rise of militarism.

60 years ago
1954


Energy
The Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant, the world's first nuclear power station, opened in Obninsk, near Moscow.

Soccer
FIFA World Cup @ Berne, Switzerland
Quarter-Finals
Hungary 4 Brazil 2

60,000 fans at Wankdorf Stadium witnessed one of the most violent games in World Cup history, which became known as the Battle of Berne. Referee Arthur Ellis of England disqualified three players during the match and the fighting continued after the game when Brazilian players invaded the Hungarian dressing room.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Can't Buy Me Love/You Can't Do That--The Beatles (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France: La Plus Belle Pour Aller Danser--Sylvie Vartan (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Cin, cin--Richard Anthony (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Shake Hands--Drafi Deutscher (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): It's Over--Roy Orbison (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): A World Without Love--Peter and Gordon

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 A World Without Love--Peter and Gordon
2 Chapel of Love--The Dixie Cups
3 I Get Around--The Beach Boys
4 My Boy Lollipop--Millie Small
5 People--Barbra Streisand
6 Memphis--Johnny Rivers
7 Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying--Gerry and the Pacemakers
8 Love Me with All Your Heart (Cuando Calienta El Sol)--The Ray Charles Singers
9 No Particular Place to Go--Chuck Berry
10 Love Me Do--The Beatles

Singles entering the chart were The Little Old Lady (From Pasadena) by Jan & Dean (#60); Under the Boardwalk by the Drifters (#70); Do I Love You? by the Ronettes (#76); Nobody I Know by Peter and Gordon (#79); I Believe by the Bachelors (#80); I Wanna Love Him So Bad by the Jelly Bens (#81); Everybody Loves Somebody by Dean Martin (#87); Anyone Who Knows What Love Is (Will Understand) by Irma Thomas (#93); Mixed-Up, Shook-Up, Girl by Patty and the Emblems (#96); Precious Words by the Wallace Brothers (#97); I'm a Fool for Loving You by Bobby Wood (#98); It's All Over Now by the Valentinos (#99); and Love is All We Need by Vic Dana (#100).

Music
The Beach Boys were at Western Recorders in Hollywood, California, where they finished recording the song Christmas Day, which was released on The Beach Boys' Christmas Album several months later.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Always Yours--Gary Glitter

Diplomacy
U.S. President Richard Nixon arrived in Moscow for talks with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev.

France and Iran reached agreement on a 10-year development program amounting to $4 billion. Included was a provision for the sale to Iran of five 1,000-megawatt nuclear reactors worth $1.1 billion. Iran's promise to advance $1 billion to the Bank of France and to pay for three quarters of the reactors in five years would substantially ease France's balance of payment problem.

30 years ago
1984


Diplomacy
Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau was named the 1984 winner of the Albert Einstein Peace Prize for his global campaign to ease East-West tensions.

Rev. Jesse Jackson, a candidate for the 1984 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States, continued a visit to the Caribbean and Central America with an eight-hour meeting in Havana with Cuban dictator Fidel Castro, after which Rev. Jackson announced the release of 22 American and 26 Cuban prisoners. It was believed that most of the Americans were being held on drug charges. The two men called for normalization of relations between the United States and Cuba, and endorsed peace negotiations to end military conflicts in Central America. Mr. Castro indicated willingness to discuss the return to Cuba of hundreds of Cubans being held in the U.S. since being permitted by Mr. Castro to migrate to Florida from the Cuban port of Mariel in 1980. Mr. Jackson then went to Nicaragua.

Roberto D'Aubuisson, leader of El Salvador's right-wing Arena party, met in Washington with 12 U.S. Senators and denied involvement in a plot to assassinate U.S. Ambassador to El Salvador Thomas Pickering. The plot had been alleged in an article in The New York Times on June 23.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate voted 83-15 and House of Representatives voted 268-155 to endorse a package worked out by congressional leaders to raise $50 billion in taxes and reduce spending by $11 billion in an effort to make a "down payment" against enormous budget deficits projected for the coming years.

25 years ago
1989


Law
U.S. President George Bush announced his support for an amendment to the United States Constitution to prohibit desecration of the American flag. Civil liberties groups objected to such an idea on the grounds that such an amendment would infringe on freedom of speech. The U.S. House of Representatives voted 411-5 to express its concern over the June 21 ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court that burning the flag was permitted as a form of political protest.

Scandal
A U.S. federal appeals court ruled 2-1 to overturn the 1988 conviction of Lyn Nofziger, a former official in the administration of President Ronald Reagan, for illegal lobbying, because prosecutors had failed to prove that Mr. Nofziger had known he was breaking the law.

Baseball
Randy Milligan batted 4 for 5 with a home run, 2 doubles, and 4 runs batted in as the Baltimore Orioles routed the Toronto Blue Jays 16-6 before 30,136 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Jay Tibbs allowed 13 hits and 6 earned runs in pitching a complete game victory to improve his record for the season to 5-0. The most interesting aspect of the game was that with Frank Robinson managing the Orioles and Cito Gaston managing the Blue Jays, it was the first regular season game in major league history to feature Negro managers for both teams.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Swear--All-4-One (2nd week at #1)
2 Don't Turn Around--Ace of Base
3 Wild Night--John Mellencamp with Me’shell Ndegeocello
4 I'll Remember--Madonna
5 If You Go--Jon Secada
6 Round Here--Counting Crows
7 Sleeping in My Car--Roxette
8 Shine--Collective Soul
9 You Mean the World to Me--Toni Braxton
10 Misled--Celine Dion

Singles entering the chart were Crash! Boom! Bang! by Roxette (#72); Ain't Got Nothing If You Ain't Got Love by Michael Bolton (#74); Love is Strong by the Rolling Stones (#77); Broadway Joe by Koven Jordan (#78); This Weight on Me by Chris DeBurgh (#83); Just a Step from Heaven by Eternal (#86); Love is All Around by Wet Wet Wet (#87); Always by Erasure (#88); Bad Timing by Blue Rodeo (#93); I Wish by Gabrielle (#94); and I'll Remember You by Atlantic Starr (#96).

Politics and government
U.S. President Bill Clinton named former Congressman and current director of the White House Office of Management and Budget Leon Panetta as his chief of staff, replacing Mr. Clinton's longtime friend Thomas McLarty.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
George Patton IV, 80
. U.S. military officer. Mr. Patton was a Major General in the United States Army and the son of General George Patton who achieved fame in World War II. Major General Patton served three tours of duty in the Vietnam War and won the Distinguished Flying Cross.

Darrell Russell, 35. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Russell was a drag racer who was the National Hot Rod Association's Rookie of the Year in 2001. He was killed in an accident at the Sears Craftsman Nationals at Gateway International Raceway in St. Louis.

Football
CFL
Montreal (2-0) 32 @ Calgary (1-1) 14

Thursday, 26 June 2014

June 26, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Stover!

120 years ago
1894


Labour
The American Railway Union, led by Eugene Debs, called a general strike in sympathy with Pullman sleeping car workers.

90 years ago
1924


World events
American forces left the Dominican Republic after eight years of occupation.

80 years ago
1934


Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Federal Credit Union Act, establishing credit unions.

75 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Ford Madox Ford, 65
. U.K. author. Born Ford Hermann Hueffer, Mr. Ford was known for his novels The Fifth Queen (trilogy, 1906-1908); The Good Soldier (1915); and Parade's End (tetralogy, 1924-1928).

70 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Dissimilar Body

War
The Battle of Osuchy in Poland ended with the defeat of the Polish resistance forces. Soviet forces took Vitebsk and Zhlobin and pushed to within 35 miles of the Polish border in western Russia. U.S. troops in France mopped up the remaining German resistance in Cherbourg.

Politics and government
California Governor Earl Warren delivered the keynote speech at the opening of the Republican National Convention in Chicago, pledging the party to cooperation in international affairs and internal reconstruction.

Baseball
More than 50,000 fans packed the Polo Grounds in New York for a unique exhibition game among the city's three major league teams to raise war bonds for World War II. The teams rotated, with one team sitting out an inning. The final score was Brooklyn Dodgers 5, New York Yankees 1, New York Giants 0.

60 years ago
1954


Hit Parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Answer Me, My Love--Nat "King" Cole; Answer Me, Lord Above--Frankie Laine (4th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Little Things Mean a Lot--Kitty Kallen (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1)

#1 Rhythm and Blues single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Shake, Rattle and Roll--Joe Turner and his Blues Kings (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Three Coins in the Fountain--The Four Aces
--[Frank Sinatra]
2 Little Things Mean a Lot--Kitty Kallen
3 Hernando's Hideaway--Archie Bleyer
--[Johnnie Ray]
4 The Happy Wanderer--Frank Weir and his Orchestra
--Henri Rene's Musette
5 Wanted--Perry Como
6 If You Love Me (Really Love Me)--Kay Starr
--Vera Lynn
7 Young at Heart--Frank Sinatra
8 I Get So Lonely (When I Dream About You)--The Four Knights
9 Here--Tony Martin
10 I Understand Just How You Feel--The Four Tunes
--June Valli

Singles entering the chart were The Little Shoemaker, with versions by the Gaylords and Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra (#16); Skinny Minnie (Fish Tail) by Teresa Brewer (#30); Sweetheart (Will You Remember) by the Hilltoppers (#31); Someone Else's Roses by Doris Day (#32); and Song of the Sewer by Art Carney (#41).

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): It's Over--Roy Orbison (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Thank You Girl--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 All My Loving--The Beatles
3 A World Without Love--Peter and Gordon
4 My Boy Lollipop--Millie Small
5 As Long as I'm Sure of You--Bobby Curtola
6 Don't Let the Sun Catch You Crying--Gerry and the Pacemakers
7 Sidewinder--Wes Dakus and the CJCA Rebels
8 Memphis--Johnny Rivers
9 Lucky Star--Rick Nelson
10 Little Children--Billy J. Kramer with the Dakotas
Pick hit of the week: Nobody I Know--Peter and Gordon
New this week: Over My Shoulder--Barry Allen
Man Walks Among Us--Marty Robbins
I Guess I'm Crazy--Jim Reeves
Licorice Stick--Pete Fountain
Donnie--The Bermudas
Only You--Wayne Newton

Man Walks Among Us was the B-side of The Cowboy in the Continental Suit, which had been new on the playlist the week before.

Music
The original motion picture soundtrack album from A Hard Day's Night was released in North America on United Artists Records. The album featured eight songs performed by the Beatles and four Beatles' compositions performed by George Martin and his Orchestra.

Died on this date
Léo Dandurand, 75
. U.S.-born Canadian sports executive. Mr. Dandurand, a native of Illinois, moved with his family to Canada at the age of 16. He was a referee in the National Hockey Association and owned the Montreal Canadiens of the National Hockey League from 1921-1935. Mr. Dandurand coached the team from 1921-26 and 1934-35, winning the Stanley Cup in 1924. He was one of the founders of the Montreal Alouettes of the Interprovincial Provincial Football Union in 1946, and the team won the Grey Cup in 1949. Mr. Dandurand also owned a number of horse racing tracks. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1963.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Seasons in the Sun--Terry Jacks

Technology
The Universal Product Code was scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio.

Defense
Leaders of the 15-nation North Atlantic Treaty Organization signed in Brussels a declaration on Atlantic Relations to guide NATO through the next 25 years that had been agreed upon by the members' foreign ministers a week earlier in Ottawa. The declaration affirmed a wider and more intimate consultation on common problems, including those outside the alliance area. U.S. President Richard Nixon, who was in Brussels while on his way to Moscow to meet with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, told his NATO allies that the United States would maintain its forces in Europe "if there is a similar effort by our allies," and also pledged not to reduce U.S. forces unless there was a reciprocal action by the U.S.S.R.

Scandal
U.S. District Court Judge Gerhard Gesell ordered John Ehrlichman, a former aide to President Richard Nixon, to stand trial with three other defendants on charges arising from the 1971 break-in at the office of the psychiatrist of former Defense Department employee Daniel Ellsberg.

Football
CFL
All-Star Game
CFL All-Stars 22 @ Ottawa 25

Rhome Nixon caught 2 touchdown passes and was named the game's most valuable player as the defending Grey Cup champion Rough Riders defeated the All-Stars before 15,102 fans at Lansdowne Park. Gerry Organ converted both touchdowns and added 3 field goals, while Dick Adams punted for 2 singles. Jim Young of the British Columbia Lions and Terry Evanshen of the Montreal Alouettes each caught a touchdown pass for the All-Stars. Dave Cutler of the Edmonton Eskimos converted both touchdowns and added 2 field goals and a single, while Zenon Andrusyshyn of the Toronto Argonauts punted for a single for the All-Stars.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Big in Japan--Alphaville (5th week at #1)

Space
The maiden flight of the U.S. space shuttle Discovery, already postponed by one day, was aborted 4 seconds before scheduled launch from Cape Canaveral, Florida because of a malfunctioning engine fuel valve, after the main rocket engines had begun to ignite. A few minutes later, while the six-person crew were still in the craft, a fire broke out near the faulty engine. Jets of water ejected from within the launch pad extinguished the fire quickly, and the astronautes left the spacecraft unharmed.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Wind Beneath My Wings--Bette Midler (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Look--Roxette

Canada's top 10 (RPM):
1 Pop Singer--John Mellencamp
2 Satisfied--Richard Marx
3 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
4 Wind Beneath My Wings--Bette Midler
5 I Won't Back Down--Tom Petty
6 Rock On--Michael Damian
7 Cry--Waterfront
8 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
9 Soldier of Love--Donny Osmond
10 Express Yourself--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were Batdance by Prince (#78); How Long by Blue Rodeo (#80); A Friend is a Friend by Pete Townshend (#84); Boy with a Beat by Trooper (#87); Cover of Love by Michael Damian (#89); Bye Bye Mon Cowboy by Mitsou (#91); and Hangin' High and Dry by Brighton Rock (#93).

Died on this date
Howard Green, 93
. Canadian politician. Mr. Green was a Conservative and Progressive member of the House of Commons from 1935-1963. He was Minister of Public Works in the government of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker from 1957-1959 and Secretary of State for External Affairs from 1959-1963. Mr. Green was known for his support of the Commonwealth of Nations and nuclear disarmament. His support for Mr. Diefenbaker's refusal to allow nuclear-tipped Bomarc missiles into Canada helped lead to his, and the government's defeat in the 1963 federal election.

Walter Martin, 60. U.S. Christian apologist. Dr. Martin was the founder of the Christian Research Institute and author of numerous books, most notably The Kingdom of the Cults (originally published in 1965). He died of a heart attack the day after debating apostate Anglican Bishop John Shelby Spong. Dr. Martin's messages and writings can be found at Walter Martin's Religious Info Net, a site operated by his daughter, Jill Martin Rische.

Business
Time, Inc. rejected an offer of $12.2 billion ($200 per share) from Paramount Communications Corporation to purchase the company.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Without You--Mariah Carey (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Without You--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (5th week at #1)

10 years ago
2004


Football
CFL
British Columbia (1-1) 41 @ Edmonton (0-2) 34

Tuesday, 24 June 2014

June 25, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Gail McGonigal!

150 years ago
1864


Born on this date
Walther Nernst
. German chemist, physicist, and inventor. Mr. Nernst won the 1920 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in thermochemistry, in particular the Third Law of Thermodynamics (describing the behaviour of matter as temperatures approach absolute zero). His inventions included an electric lamp that was a precursor to the modern incandescent lamp and an electric piano. Mr. Nernst, whose opposition to the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler ruined his career, died on November 18, 1941 at the age of 77.

75 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Richard Seaman, 26
. U.K. auto racing driver. Mr. Seaman, one of Adolf Hitler's favourite drivers, drove for Mercedes-Benz and won the German Grand Prix in 1938, finishing second in that year's Swiss Grand Prix. He was leading the Belgian Grand Prix at Spa when he crashed into a tree on lap 22, and died from burns several hours later.

70 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Dénes Berinkey, 72
. Prime Minister of Hungary, 1919. Mr. Berinkey was Prime Minister of Hungary from January 11-March 21, 1919, just prior to the Communist accession to power and the creation of the Hungarian Soviet Republic.

Popular culture
The final page of the comic strip Krazy Kat was published, exactly two months after the death of its author, George Herriman. The strip was first published in the New York Evening Journal on October 28, 1913.

War
The Battle of Tali-Ihantala between Soviet and Finnish forces--the largest battle fought in the Nordic countries during World War II--began in Finland's Karelian Peninsula. Soviet forces in the eastern front closed the Vitebsk trap and pushed into the city, where street fighting erupted. In France, United States Navy and Royal Navy ships bombarded Cherbourg to support U.S. Army units engaged in the Battle of Cherbourg, and German forces conceded the loss of the port later in the day. U.S. Army units in Italy took Follonica and moved further northward and inland, nearing the highway centre of Massa.

Protest
With stores and theatres closed, police used smoke bombs to disperse student demonstrations against the suspension of civil rights in Guatemala City.

Track and field
Gunder Haegg broke his own two-year-old record for 2 miles, covering the distance in 8:46.4 in Ostersund, Sweden.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Secret Love--Doris Day (9th week at #1)

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: My Guy--Mary Wells

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): It's Over--Roy Orbison

Music
The Beach Boys were at Western Recorders in Hollywood, California, where they recorded the songs The Man with All the Toys; Santa's Beard; Merry Christmas, Baby; Christmas Day; and Auld Lang Syne, all of which appeared on The Beach Boys' Christmas Album, released several months later.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Pot pour rire Mr le Président--Patrick Green & Olivier Lejeune (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The United States recalled its ambassador to Sudan and issued a strongly-worded protest over the previous day's decision by Sudanese President Gaafar al-Nimeiry to turn over to the Palestine Liberation Organization--essentially freeing--eight Arab guerrillas who had killed two American diplomats and a Belgian in a March 1973 attack on the Saudi Arabian embassy in Khartoum.

Terrorism
Al Fatah, the largest and most "moderate" Palestinian terrorist organization, took responsibility for for the previous day's attack by three guerrillas on a small apartment house in the northern Israeli resort town of Nahariya, in which the terrorists had killed three civilians and an Israeli soldier before the guerrillas had been killed in the ensuing gunfight with Israeli soldiers.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): It's Just Not Cricket--The Twelfth Man

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Lobo-Hombre en París--La Unión (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Michel Foucault, 57
. French philosopher. Dr. Foucault emphasized the role played by power in social discourse. His books included Madness and Insanity: History of Madness in the Classical Age (1961); Birth of the Clinic: An Archaeology of Medical Perception (1963); and The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences (1966). Dr. Foucault, who was heavily influenced by the 19th century German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, was a heavy user and promiscuous sodomite who admitted that his intellectual pursuits were greatly influenced by his homosexual desires. He died of AIDS.

David Overstreet, 25. U.S. football player. Mr. Overstreet was a star running back with the University of Oklahoma from 1977-1980, rushing for 678 yards in his senior year, including 258 yards on 18 carries in one game. Drafted by the Miami Dolphins of the National Football League, he instead signed with the Montreal Alouettes of the Canadian Football League. Mr. Overstreet led the Eastern Division in his rookie year of 1981 with 952 yards rushing and 8 touchdowns, catching 48 passes for 356 yards and 1 touchdown. However, he fumbled 15 times--losing 12--in 15 games, which severely detracted from his effectiveness. Mr. Overstreet was released by the Montreal club--renamed the Concordes--in mid-season of 1982 after rushing for just 190 yards in 6 games. Mr. Overstreet joined the Dolphins in 1983 and rushed for 392 yards and 1 touchdown in 14 games. He was killed in a car accident in Winona, Texas at 6 A.M. when he apparently fell asleep at the wheel and his car crashed into gas pumps at a service station.

Defense
The United States Senate voted 88-1 to delete $21 million in additional military aid for Contra rebels seeking to overthrow the Sandanista regime in Nicaragua.

Economics and finance
Major banks in the United States raised their prime interest rate from 12.5%-13%, the highest level since October 1982. U.S. President Ronald Reagan said he could see "no excuse" for the increase.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: The Look--Roxette (5th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (0-1) 7 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 37

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Come On You Reds--Manchester United Football Club with Status Quo (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I Like to Move It--Reel 2 Real and the Mad Stuntman (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Swear--All-4-One (6th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box):
1 I Swear--All-4-One (5th week at #1)
2 Don't Turn Around--Ace of Base
3 I'll Remember--Madonna
4 Any Time, Any Place/And On and On--Janet Jackson
5 You Mean the World to Me--Toni Braxton
6 If You Go--Jon Secada
7 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)
8 Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
9 Misled--Celine Dion
10 Anytime You Need a Friend--Mariah Carey

Singles entering the chart were Ain't Got Nothing If You Ain't Got Love by Michael Bolton (#63); Sleeping in My Car by Roxette (#83); Hard Luck Woman by Garth Brooks (#84); Booti Call by BLACKStreet (#87); Selling the Drama by Live (#88); and Funkdafied by Da Brat (#89). Ain't Got Nothing If You Ain't Got Love was actually an album track, which, for some reason, was listed on the singles chart.

10 years ago
2004


Football
CFL
Winnipeg (0-2) 22 @ Hamilton (2-0) 32

June 24, 2014

700 years ago
1314


Born on this date
Philippa of Hainault
. Queen consort of England, 1328-1369. Philippa was the wife of King Edward III. She died at the age of 55 on August 15, 1369.

War
In the First War of Scottish Independence, the Battle of Bannockburn concluded with a decisive victory by Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce over English forces led by King Edward II.

410 years ago
1604


Exploration
Samuel de Champlain discovered the mouth of the Saint John River, site of Reversing Falls and the present day city of Saint John, New Brunswick.

120 years ago
1894


Law
In London, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council overturned the February 20 decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, ruling that Roman Catholics in Manitoba had grounds for appeal of the acts passed by the provincial legislature abolishing government-supported Catholic schools.

110 years ago
1904


Canadiana
King Edward VII conferred the right to use the prefix "Royal" on the North-West Mounted Police, in recognition of 30 years of loyal service.

75 years ago
1939


World events
Siam was renamed Thailand by Prime Minister Plaek Pibulsonggram.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Get By (As Long as I Have You)--Harry James and his Music Makers (3rd week at #1)

War
Royal Canadian Air Force Flight Lieutenant David Hornell his and crew were on anti-submarine patrol in an amphibious plane in Scotland's Shetland Islands when they tangled with a German U-Boat. They sank the sub with depth charges, but had to ditch their plane in rough seas. The crew took turns in the life raft,and were rescued the next day, but Lt. Hornell died from hypothermia. He was awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously. U.S. troops in Italy trapped a large German force on the Tyrrhenian coast between Grosseto and Follonica. Two Soviet Red Army units closed pincers from the north and south on Vitebsk. U.S. Marines scaled Mount Topatchau on Saipan, while the west coast town of Garapan and the Kagman Peninsula were also brought under Allied control. Allied troops broke into Mogaung, Burma and fought their way into the centre of town.

Diplomacy
Talks in Chungking between Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek and U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace ended with an agreement on war policies toward Japan and her disarmament at the war's end.

Technology
The American Physical Society revealed a motor operated by magnetic current from a magnet previously developed by Felix Ehrenhaft.

60 years ago
1954


On the radio
The Six Shooter, starring James Stewart, on NBC

Tonight's episode: Myra Barker

This was the last episode of the series, which ran just one season.

War
Vietminh troops belonging to the 803rd Regiment ambush G.M. 100 of France in An Khê in the Battle of Mang Yang Pass.

50 years ago
1964


Music
Instrumental tracks for the songs Frosty the Snowman and I'll Be Home for Christmas were recorded at Capitol Studios in Hollywood, California, with the musicians performing under the direction of Dick Reynolds. The Beach Boys recorded vocals for the songs five days later, and they appeared on The Beach Boys' Christmas Album, released several months later.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Billy - Don't Be a Hero--Paper Lace (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ayudadme--Camilo Sesto (2nd week at #1)

Music
The two-record album Endless Summer by the Beach Boys, a compilation of previously-released songs, was released on Capitol Records.

Terrorism
Sudanese President Gaafar al-Nimeiry announced that he would turn over to the Palestine Liberation Organization the eight Arab guerrillas who had been convicted the previous day and sentenced to life imprisonment for killing two American diplomats and one Belgian in the March 1973 attack on the Saudi Arabian embassy in Khartoum. Mr. Nimeiry had commuted the sentences to seven years before deciding to free the murderers.

Three Arab terrorists attacked a small apartment house in the northern Israeli resort town of Nahariya, killing three civilians before being slain in a gunfight with Israeli soldiers. One Israeli soldier was killed and five wounded.

Scandal
The panel of the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee investigating the possible impeachment of U.S. President Richard Nixon issued what it described as its final four subpoenas for tape recordings of 49 White House conversations related to the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and the subsequent cover-up.

Defense
The British government of Prime Minister Harold Wilson admitted to exploding a nuclear device at the U.S. desert test range in Nevada several weeks earlier, sparking debate between pro- and anti-nuclear weapons factions within the governing Labour Party.

Baseball
Jim Lonborg hit his first career grand slam and pitched a complete game for his sixth straight win to improve to 10-5 as the Philadelphia Phillies scored 6 runs in the 3rd inning to take an 8-0 lead and beat the Montreal Expos 8-2 before 15,083 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal. Losing pitcher Mike Torrez lasted just 2 1/3 innings, allowing 7 hits and 7 runs--all earned.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Self Control--Laura Branigan

Died on this date
Clarence Campbell, 78
. Canadian lawyer and hockey executive. Mr. Campbell, a native of Fleming, Saskatchewan, moved to Edmonton at an early age and graduated from the University of Alberta with a law degree in 1925. He served as a referee in the National Hockey League from 1933-1939, and then served in the Canadian Army during World War II, rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Mr. Campbell acted as a prosecutor in trials of Nazi war criminals after the war before succeeding Red Dutton as NHL President, holding the office from 1946-1977. Mr. Campbell oversaw the league's expansion from 6-18 teams; the lengthening of the regular season from 60-80 games; the introduction of television broadcasting of games; and the introduction of the draft of amateur players. Mr. Campbell's career ended in scandal when he was convicted and fined in 1976 for bribing Canadian Senator Louis Giguère to use his influence to persuade the Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau to reverse a 1972 decision not to renew its concession to operate duty-free Sky Shops in Montreal's airports. Mr. Campbell was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1966.

Religion
U.S. Nation of Islam leader Minister Louis Farrakhan called Judaism a "gutter religion" and Israel an "outlaw" state.

War
Iraqi planes struck a Greek tanker at Iran's Kharg Island oil-loading terminal. The tanker received only light damage.

Diplomacy
Rev. Jesse Jackson, a candidate for the 1984 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States, continued his Central American tour in Panama, meeting with four Salvadoran rebel leaders.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Eternal Flame--Bangles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Johnny, Johnny Come Home--Avalanche (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Express Yourself--Madonna

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): No More Boleros--Gerard Joling (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Back to Life (However Do You Want Me)--Soul II Soul featuring Caron Wheeler

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Satisfied--Richard Marx

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Satisfied--Richard Marx
2 Every Little Step--Bobby Brown
3 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
4 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
5 I'll Be Loving You (Forvever)--New Kids on the Block
6 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
7 Wind Beneath My Wings--Bette Midler
8 This Time I Know it's for Real--Donna Summer
9 Express Yourself--Madonna
10 Cry--Waterfront

Singles entering the chart were The End of the Innocence by Don Henley (#60); Cold Hearted by Paula Abdul (#70); Cover of Love by Michael Damian (#75); Friends by Jody Watley (with Eric B. and Rakim) (#77); Love Train by Holly Johnson (#85); I'm That Type of Guy by L.L. Cool J (#87); and Trouble Me by 10,000 Maniacs (#90).

Politics and government
Jiang Zemin succeeded Zhao Ziyang as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, three weeks after the crushing of student-led protests in Beijing's Tiananmen Square.

The Central Committee of Hungary's Socialist Workers' (Communist) Party established a collective presidency of four officials in which reformers appeared to be control.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Baltimore (1-0) 33 @ Shreveport (0-1) 18
Ottawa (0-1) 28 @ Winnipeg (1-0) 61

10 years ago
2004


War
More than 100 people were killed and hundreds wounded in a series of coordinated attacks by insurgents in the Iraqi cities of Falluja, Ramadi, Baquba, Mosul, and Baghdad.

Defense
The U.S. House of Representatives Intelligence Committee report was highly critical of the Central Intelligence Agency's spying operations, and said that mismanagement led to the intelligence failure on Iraq's weapons program.

North Korea threatened to test one of its nuclear weapons.

Scandal
U.S. federal investigators questioned President George W. Bush for more than an hour in connection with the news leak of a CIA operative's name.

Law
In the state of New York, capital punishment was declared unconstitutional.

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-1) 10 @ Ottawa (2-0) 20

Monday, 23 June 2014

June 23, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherry Holden!

700 years ago
1314


War
In the First War of Scottish Independence, the Battle of Bannockburn began.

120 years ago
1894


Olympics
The International Olympic Committee was founded at the Sorbonne in Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.

100 years ago
1914


War
In the Mexican Revolution, troops led by Pancho Villa took Zacatecas from Victoriano Huerta.

70 years ago
1944


War
The Canadian army went into action for the first time as a separate unit, not under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery's British command. U.S. troops in France fought their way through the outer Cherbourg defenses against fierce opposition. The Soviet Red Army opened its summer offensive on the main eastern front with an attack upon Vitebsk. U.S. carrier-based planes attacked Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, shooting down 116 enemy aircraft while losing just 5. The United States Senate committee investigating military spending called the Liberty ship "the truck horse of the sea," but opposed its use as a troop or hospital ship because of slow speed and possible structural defects.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt named Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau chairman of the U.S. delegation to the upcoming Bretton Woods Conference.

Disasters
146 people were killed and over 1,000 injured when a tornado swept through parts of Pennsylania, West Virginia, and Maryland.

50 years ago
1964


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 33.

40 years ago
1974


Died on this date
Red Friesell, 80
. U.S. football official. Mr. Friesell officiated in 575 college and professional games, but was known for just one. In 1940, Cornell University, riding an 18-game winning streak, was trailing 3-0 against Dartmouth College late in the game, but scored a converted touchdown for a 7-3 win. After a post-game study of films and charts, Mr. Friesell admitted that confusion on the winning touchdown drive had resulted in Cornell mistakenly being allowed a fifth down to continue the drive. Cornell, although entitled to claim victory, refused to accept the win, and the game was officially recorded as a 3-0 win for Dartmouth.

Baseball
Tony Perez led off the bottom of the 12th inning with a home run off Joe Niekro to give the Cincinnati Reds a 2-1 win over the Atlanta Braves and a sweep of their doubleheader before 52,147 fans at Riverfront Stadium, the fourth-largest regular season crowd in Cincinnati history. Cincinnati starting pitcher Clay Kirby allowed just 1 unearned run in 10 innings, and Pedro Borbon pitched the last 2 innings to get the win. Atlanta starter Lew Krausse and relief pitcher Tom House each pitched 5 innings before Mr. Niekro entered the game in the 11th. In the first game, Joe Morgan batted 3 for 4 and hit a 2-run home run to climax a 3-run 1st inning as the Reds won 4-2. Cincinnati starting pitcher Roger Nelson pitched 7 innings to pick up his fourth win of the season and 29th and last of his major league career. He went on the disabled list with shoulder problems, and never pitched another game in the National League. Atlanta starter and losing pitcher Roric Harrison batted 2 for 2 and hit his third home run of the season.

Pinch hitter Ken McMullen singled home pinch runner with a single with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Los Angeles Dodgers a 4-3 win over the San Francisco Giants before 52,563 fans on Oldtimers' Day at Dodger Stadium.

Hal Breeden hit his first home run of the season and Bob Bailey hit his sixth as the Montreal Expos beat the St. Louis Cardinals 4-2 before 21,528 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Self Control--Raf

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): The Reflex--Duran Duran

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): The Reflex--Duran Duran (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Two Tribes--Frankie Goes To Hollywood

#1 single in the U.K.: Two Tribes--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Reflex--Duran Duran

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Reflex--Duran Duran (2nd week at #1)
2 Time After Time--Cyndi Lauper
3 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
4 Oh Sherrie--Steve Perry
5 Eyes Without a Face--Billy Idol
6 Sister Christian--Night Ranger
7 The Heart of Rock and Roll--Huey Lewis and the News
8 Jump (For My Love)--The Pointer Sisters
9 Self Control--Laura Branigan
10 Borderline--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were Panama by Van Halen (#63); Turn to You by the Go-Go's (#79); Stuck on You by Lionel Richie (#82); Young Thing, Wild Dreams (Rock Me) by Red Rider (#87); A Chance for Heaven by Christopher Cross (#88); Break-A-Way by Tracey Ullman (#89); and The Glamorous Life by Sheila E. (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Time After Time--Cyndi Lauper (3rd week at #1)
2 Let's Hear it for the Boy--Deniece Williams
3 The Reflex--Duran Duran
4 Oh Sherrie--Steve Perry
5 Hello--Lionel Richie
6 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
7 To All the Girls I've Loved Before--Julio Iglesias and Willie Nelson
8 Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins
9 Dance Hall Days--Wang Chung
10 Eyes Without a Face--Billy Idol

Singles entering the chart were State of Shock by the Jacksons with Mick Jagger (#41); Meet Me in the Middle by the Arrows (#45); I'm Free (Heaven Help the Man) by Kenny Loggins (#46); Lovers in a Dangerous Time by Bruce Cockburn (#49); and Boys Just Want to Have Sex by Exude (#50).

Diplomacy
Rev. Jesse Jackson, a candidate for the 1984 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States, began a tour of the Caribbean and Central America in Panama, meeting with Panamanian President Jorge Illueca.

Defense
Lebanese Prime Minister Rashid Karami announced that Lebanon's army would be reorganized under a new commander and would be overseen by a six-member military council representing leading religious groups. The plan sought to create parity between Christians and Muslims within the army.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): If You Don't Know Me By Now--Simply Red (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): The Look--Roxette (5th week at #1)

At the movies
Batman, starring Michael Keaton, Jack Nicholson, and Jack Palance, opened in theatres.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 2,531.87, fewer than 200 points below its all-time high in August 1987.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): U & Me--Cappella (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (8th week at #1)

War
French forces crossed from Zaire into Rwanda with the objective of protecting civilians from the warring Hutu and Tutsi tribes.

Politics and government
Japan's opposition Liberal Democratic Party filed a motion of non-confidence in the coalition government led by Prime Minister Tsutomo Hata.