700 years ago
Born on this date
Philippa of Hainault. Queen consort of England, 1328-1369. Philippa was the wife of King Edward III. She died at the age of 55 on August 15, 1369.
In the First War of Scottish Independence, the Battle of Bannockburn concluded with a decisive victory by Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce over English forces led by King Edward II.
410 years ago
Samuel de Champlain discovered the mouth of the Saint John River, site of Reversing Falls and the present day city of Saint John, New Brunswick.
120 years ago
In London, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council overturned the February 20 decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, ruling that Roman Catholics in Manitoba had grounds for appeal of the acts passed by the provincial legislature abolishing government-supported Catholic schools.
110 years ago
King Edward VII conferred the right to use the prefix "Royal" on the North-West Mounted Police, in recognition of 30 years of loyal service.
75 years ago
Siam was renamed Thailand by Prime Minister Plaek Pibulsonggram.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Get By (As Long as I Have You)--Harry James and his Music Makers (3rd week at #1)
Royal Canadian Air Force Flight Lieutenant David Hornell his and crew were on anti-submarine patrol in an amphibious plane in Scotland's Shetland Islands when they tangled with a German U-Boat. They sank the sub with depth charges, but had to ditch their plane in rough seas. The crew took turns in the life raft,and were rescued the next day, but Lt. Hornell died from hypothermia. He was awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously. U.S. troops in Italy trapped a large German force on the Tyrrhenian coast between Grosseto and Follonica. Two Soviet Red Army units closed pincers from the north and south on Vitebsk. U.S. Marines scaled Mount Topatchau on Saipan, while the west coast town of Garapan and the Kagman Peninsula were also brought under Allied control. Allied troops broke into Mogaung, Burma and fought their way into the centre of town.
Talks in Chungking between Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek and U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace ended with an agreement on war policies toward Japan and her disarmament at the war's end.
The American Physical Society revealed a motor operated by magnetic current from a magnet previously developed by Felix Ehrenhaft.
60 years ago
On the radio
The Six Shooter, starring James Stewart, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Myra Barker
This was the last episode of the series, which ran just one season.
Vietminh troops belonging to the 803rd Regiment ambush G.M. 100 of France in An Khê in the Battle of Mang Yang Pass.
50 years ago
Instrumental tracks for the songs Frosty the Snowman and I'll Be Home for Christmas were recorded at Capitol Studios in Hollywood, California, with the musicians performing under the direction of Dick Reynolds. The Beach Boys recorded vocals for the songs five days later, and they appeared on The Beach Boys' Christmas Album, released several months later.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Billy - Don't Be a Hero--Paper Lace (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ayudadme--Camilo Sesto (2nd week at #1)
The two-record album Endless Summer by the Beach Boys, a compilation of previously-released songs, was released on Capitol Records.
Sudanese President Gaafar al-Nimeiry announced that he would turn over to the Palestine Liberation Organization the eight Arab guerrillas who had been convicted the previous day and sentenced to life imprisonment for killing two American diplomats and one Belgian in the March 1973 attack on the Saudi Arabian embassy in Khartoum. Mr. Nimeiry had commuted the sentences to seven years before deciding to free the murderers.
Three Arab terrorists attacked a small apartment house in the northern Israeli resort town of Nahariya, killing three civilians before being slain in a gunfight with Israeli soldiers. One Israeli soldier was killed and five wounded.
The panel of the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee investigating the possible impeachment of U.S. President Richard Nixon issued what it described as its final four subpoenas for tape recordings of 49 White House conversations related to the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and the subsequent cover-up.
The British government of Prime Minister Harold Wilson admitted to exploding a nuclear device at the U.S. desert test range in Nevada several weeks earlier, sparking debate between pro- and anti-nuclear weapons factions within the governing Labour Party.
Jim Lonborg hit his first career grand slam and pitched a complete game for his sixth straight win to improve to 10-5 as the Philadelphia Phillies scored 6 runs in the 3rd inning to take an 8-0 lead and beat the Montreal Expos 8-2 before 15,083 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal. Losing pitcher Mike Torrez lasted just 2 1/3 innings, allowing 7 hits and 7 runs--all earned.
30 years ago
#1 single in France: Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Self Control--Laura Branigan
Died on this date
Clarence Campbell, 78. Canadian lawyer and hockey executive. Mr. Campbell, a native of Fleming, Saskatchewan, moved to Edmonton at an early age and graduated from the University of Alberta with a law degree in 1925. He served as a referee in the National Hockey League from 1933-1939, and then served in the Canadian Army during World War II, rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Mr. Campbell acted as a prosecutor in trials of Nazi war criminals after the war before succeeding Red Dutton as NHL President, holding the office from 1946-1977. Mr. Campbell oversaw the league's expansion from 6-18 teams; the lengthening of the regular season from 60-80 games; the introduction of television broadcasting of games; and the introduction of the draft of amateur players. Mr. Campbell's career ended in scandal when he was convicted and fined in 1976 for bribing Canadian Senator Louis Giguère to use his influence to persuade the Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau to reverse a 1972 decision not to renew its concession to operate duty-free Sky Shops in Montreal's airports. Mr. Campbell was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1966.
U.S. Nation of Islam leader Minister Louis Farrakhan called Judaism a "gutter religion" and Israel an "outlaw" state.
Iraqi planes struck a Greek tanker at Iran's Kharg Island oil-loading terminal. The tanker received only light damage.
Rev. Jesse Jackson, a candidate for the 1984 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States, continued his Central American tour in Panama, meeting with four Salvadoran rebel leaders.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Eternal Flame--Bangles (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Johnny, Johnny Come Home--Avalanche (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Express Yourself--Madonna
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): No More Boleros--Gerard Joling (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: Back to Life (However Do You Want Me)--Soul II Soul featuring Caron Wheeler
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Satisfied--Richard Marx
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Satisfied--Richard Marx
2 Every Little Step--Bobby Brown
3 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
4 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
5 I'll Be Loving You (Forvever)--New Kids on the Block
6 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
7 Wind Beneath My Wings--Bette Midler
8 This Time I Know it's for Real--Donna Summer
9 Express Yourself--Madonna
Singles entering the chart were The End of the Innocence by Don Henley (#60); Cold Hearted by Paula Abdul (#70); Cover of Love by Michael Damian (#75); Friends by Jody Watley (with Eric B. and Rakim) (#77); Love Train by Holly Johnson (#85); I'm That Type of Guy by L.L. Cool J (#87); and Trouble Me by 10,000 Maniacs (#90).
Politics and government
Jiang Zemin succeeded Zhao Ziyang as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, three weeks after the crushing of student-led protests in Beijing's Tiananmen Square.
The Central Committee of Hungary's Socialist Workers' (Communist) Party established a collective presidency of four officials in which reformers appeared to be control.
20 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
Baltimore (1-0) 33 @ Shreveport (0-1) 18
Ottawa (0-1) 28 @ Winnipeg (1-0) 61
10 years ago
More than 100 people were killed and hundreds wounded in a series of coordinated attacks by insurgents in the Iraqi cities of Falluja, Ramadi, Baquba, Mosul, and Baghdad.
The U.S. House of Representatives Intelligence Committee report was highly critical of the Central Intelligence Agency's spying operations, and said that mismanagement led to the intelligence failure on Iraq's weapons program.
North Korea threatened to test one of its nuclear weapons.
U.S. federal investigators questioned President George W. Bush for more than an hour in connection with the news leak of a CIA operative's name.
In the state of New York, capital punishment was declared unconstitutional.
Toronto (1-1) 10 @ Ottawa (2-0) 20
Victoria Cross Recipients: First World War now on Flickr - The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest military decoration in the Commonwealth and takes precedence over all other medals, decorations and orders. A recogn...
14 hours ago