Sunday, 15 June 2014

June 15, 2014

625 years ago

Died on this date
Murad I, 62
. Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, 1362-1389; Lazar of Serbia, 60 (?). Serbian ruler, 1373-1389. Sultan Murad and Prince Lazar were killed during the Battle of Kosovo, in which Ottoman forces defeated Serb and Bosnian forces.

225 years ago

Born on this date
Josiah Henson
. U.S.-born Canadian clergyman. Mr. Henson, born into slavery in Maryland, fled to Upper Canada in 1830, becoming a leader in Dawn Settlement, home of Negro refugees in Kent County. He died in Dresden, Ontario on May 5, 1883 at the age of 93.

210 years ago

New Hampshire approved the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratifying the amendment, which read:

The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and all persons voted for as Vice-President and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate.

The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted.

The person having the greatest Number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.

The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.
200 years ago

In the War of 1812, Major General Jacob Brown led 500 American raiders across Lake Erie to burn and loot Port Dover and Long Point, Upper Canada.

170 years ago

Charles Goodyear was granted a patent for rubber vulcanization.

150 years ago

In the U.S. Civil War, the Second Battle of Petersburg began in Virginia.

Arlington National Cemetery was established in Virginia when 200 acres around Arlington Mansion (formerly owned by Confederate Army General Robert E. Lee) were officially set aside as a military cemetery by U.S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.

110 years ago

More than 1,000 people died when fire erupted aboard the steamboat SS General Slocum in New York City's East River.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Yuri Andropov
. U.S.S.R. leader, 1982-1984. Mr. Andropov led the KGB (Soviet secret police force) from 1967-1982, and succeeded Leonid Brezhnev as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (head of state) and General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union upon Mr. Brezhnev's death in November 1982. Soviet disinformation fed to Western journalists depicted Mr. Andropov as a "closet liberal" who liked the music of Glenn Miller. During his time as Soviet leader, Mr. Andropov attempted to reform the economy and root out corruption. He dismissed 18 ministers and 37 other first secretaries within the Soviet Communist Party. Declining health forced Mr. Andropov into hospital in August 1983, and he governed by means of notes handed to officials who visited him. Mr. Andropov died on February 9, 1984 at the age of 69, but his death wasn't revealed until February 10, when it was said he had "suffered nephritis, nephrosclerosis, secondary hypertension and sugar diabetes, which were worsened by chronic kidney insufficiency."

80 years ago

Great Smoky Mountains National Park, located in North Carolina and Tennessee, was founded.

70 years ago

Allied forces continued their advance along the Italian line and on the Cherbourg Peninsula in France. U.S. forces invaded Japanese-occupied Saipan and advanced 1/2 mile. For the first time, U.S. B-29 Superfortresses were used in a strike on Japan.

Politics and government
The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), led by Baptist Minister Tommy Douglas, captured 47 of 55 seats, to the Liberals' 5, to win the Saskatchewan provincial election, forming North America's first official socialist government.

Turkish Foreign Minister Numa Menemencioglu resigned because of a cabinet dispute involving the passage of German ships through the Dardanelles.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt conferred with State Department officials and issued a statement endorsing a postwar international organization. Mr. Roosevelt met in Washington with Polish Prime Minister Stanislaw Mikolajczyk. Mr. Roosevelt said that it was U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill and not Soviet dictator Josef Stalin who was insisting on the Curzon Line as a Polish boundary.

The U.S. National War Labor Board ordered the American Federation of Musicians to end its two-year ban on transcriptions and phonograph recordings.

An American Medical Association committee of orthopedic physicians filed a report criticizing the method of treating polio devised by Australian nurse Elizabeth Kenny.

60 years ago

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Pistol Shot, starring Hurd Hatfield and Dana Wynter

UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) was formed in Basel, Switzerland.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Mamma--Charles Aznavour (5th week at #1)

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): De wilde boerndochtere--Ivan Heylen (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: The Streak--Ray Stevens

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Seasons in the Sun--Terry Jacks (6th week at #1)
2 The Entertainer--Marvin Hamlisch
3 The Air That I Breathe--The Hollies
4 Hooked on a Feeling--Blue Swede
5 Billy - Don't Be a Hero--Paper Lace
6 Devil Gate Drive--Suzi Quatro
7 She Didn't Remember My Name--Osmosis
8 The Way We Were--Barbra Streisand
9 Candle in the Wind/Bennie and the Jets--Elton John
10 You're Sixteen--Ringo Starr

Singles entering the chart were Would You Lay with Me in a Field of Stone? by Judy Stone (#35); The Streak by Ray Stevens (#36); He's a Rebel by Debbie Byrne (#37); and WOLD by Harry Chapin (#40).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Billy, Don't Be a Hero--Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Band on the Run--Paul McCartney & Wings (2nd week at #1)
2 You Make Me Feel Brand New--The Stylistics
3 Sundown--Gordon Lightfoot
4 The Streak--Ray Stevens
5 Billy, Don't Be a Hero--Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods
6 Be Thankful for What You Got--William DeVaughn
7 Midnight at the Oasis--Maria Muldaur
8 Help Me--Joni Mitchell
9 For the Love of Money--The O'Jays
10 My Girl Bill--Jim Stafford

Singles entering the chart were Feel Like Makin' Love by Roberta Flack (#76); Put Out the Light by Joe Cocker (#77); You've Got My Soul on Fire by the Temptations (#79); Machine Gun by the Commodores (#87); Rock Me Gently by Andy Kim (#88); The Night Chicago Died by Paper Lace (#93); Wake Up and Love Me by April (#95); Sho Nuff Boogie (Part 1) by Sylvia and the Moments (#96); How Do You Feel the Morning After by Millie Jackson (#97); Who are You by B.B. King (#98); Happiness is Just Around the Bend by the Main Ingredient (#99); and Makin' the Best of a Bad Situation by Dick Feller (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Sundown--Gordon Lightfoot
2 Band on the Run--Paul McCartney & Wings
3 Midnight at the Oasis--Maria Muldaur
4 Billy, Don't Be a Hero--Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods
5 You Make Me Feel Brand New--The Stylistics
6 Help Me--Joni Mitchell
7 My Girl Bill--Jim Stafford
8 You Won't See Me--Anne Murray
9 Oh Very Young--Cat Stevens
10 If You Love Me (Let Me Know)--Olivia Newton-John

Singles entering the chart were Waterloo by ABBA (#64); Rock Your Baby by George McCrae (#67); Sideshow by Blue Magic (#68); If You Talk in Your Sleep by Elvis Presley (#77); Workin' at the Car Wash Blues by Jim Croce (#82); Rebel Rebel by David Bowie (#83); This Flight Tonight by Nazareth (#87); You and Me Against the World by Helen Reddy (#89); Scratch by the Crusaders (#91); Keep on Smilin' by Wet Willie (#97); Boney Moroney by Johnny Winter (#98); Dancin' (On a Saturday Night) by Flash Cadillac and the Continental Kids (#99); and Jive Turkey (Part 1) by the Ohio Players (#100).

#1 single in Calgary: The Loco-Motion--Grand Funk (4th week at #1)

Died in this date
Kevin Gately, 21
. U.K. student. Mr. Gately was the only person killed in a clash in Red Lion Square in London between the anti-immigration National Front and the International Marxist Group and Liberation.

The U.S. Supreme Court agreed to decide whether the grand jury investigating the 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and the subsequent cover-up had the right to name President Richard Nixon a co-conspirator in the cover-up without indicting him.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Footloose--Kenny Loggins (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Self Control--Laura Branigan

Died on this date
Meredith Willson, 82
. U.S. composer, songwriter, conductor and playwright. Mr. Willson was best known for writing the musical plays The Music Man (1957) and The Unsinkable Molly Brown (1960).

Politics and government
The seven candidates for the leadership of the Liberal Party of Canada made their speeches at the convention in Ottawa.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board reported that industrial production had increased 0.4% in May.

Thomas Hearns (39-1) scored a technical knockout of Roberto Duran (77-6) at 2:07 of the 2nd round at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas to retain the World Boxing Council light middleweight title.

Winnipeg (3-0) 25 @ Edmonton (0-3) 11

25 years ago

Died on this date
Victor French, 54
. U.S. actor. Mr. French played Agent 44 in the first season (1965-1966) of the television comedy series Get Smart, but was best known for playing supporting roles in the series Little House on the Prairie (1974-1977; 1981-1984) and Highway to Heaven (1984-1989). A heavy smoker, Mr. French died of lung cancer.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Deaprtment reported that the merchandise trade deficit had narrowed in April to $8.26 billion.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Manos Hatzidakis, 68
. Greek composer. Mr. Hatzidakis wrote many songs for stage and screen, but was best known for the title song for the movie Never on Sunday, which won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for 1960.

Israel and Vatican City established full diplomatic relations.

Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and his wife Rosalynn arrived in Pyongyang, North Korea to accept a long-standing invitation from North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung to visit the country. Mr. Carter was acting on his own and not representing the United States.

Houston 82 @ New York 91 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Derek Harper scored 21 points and added 5 assists as the Knickerbockers defeated the Rockets before 19,763 fans at Madison Square Garden. Houston center Hakeem Olajuwon led all scorers with 32 points.

10 years ago

Politics and government
The English-language debate of Canadian major political party leaders took place, 13 days before the federal election. Participants were Prime Minister Paul Martin, representing the Liberal Party; Conservative Party leader Stephen Harper; New Democratic Party leader Jack Layton; and Bloc Quebecois leader Gilles Duceppe.

Los Angeles Lakers 87 @ Detroit 100 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-1)

The Pistons opened up an 82-59 lead after 3 quarters and coasted to victory over the Lakers at the Palace of Auburn Hills in Auburn Hills, Michigan for their third championship and first since 1990. Richard Hamilton led Detroit with 21 points. Kobe Bryant led Los Angeles with 24 points, while Shaquille O'Neal grabbed 8 rebounds in his last game as a Laker. The game also marked the last game in a Los Angeles uniform for veteran guard Gary Payton. Detroit guard Chauncey Billups had 6 assists and was named the Finals' Most Valuable Player. For nomadic veteran head coach Larry Brown, it was his only NBA championship.

Saskatchewan (0-1) 10 @ Toronto (1-0) 21

Saskatchewan quarterback Nealon Greene broke his leg in two places on the team's second offensive series, and was out of action for the rest of the regular season.

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