Monday, 23 June 2014

June 23, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherry Holden!

700 years ago
1314


War
In the First War of Scottish Independence, the Battle of Bannockburn began.

120 years ago
1894


Olympics
The International Olympic Committee was founded at the Sorbonne in Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.

100 years ago
1914


War
In the Mexican Revolution, troops led by Pancho Villa took Zacatecas from Victoriano Huerta.

70 years ago
1944


War
The Canadian army went into action for the first time as a separate unit, not under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery's British command. U.S. troops in France fought their way through the outer Cherbourg defenses against fierce opposition. The Soviet Red Army opened its summer offensive on the main eastern front with an attack upon Vitebsk. U.S. carrier-based planes attacked Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, shooting down 116 enemy aircraft while losing just 5. The United States Senate committee investigating military spending called the Liberty ship "the truck horse of the sea," but opposed its use as a troop or hospital ship because of slow speed and possible structural defects.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt named Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau chairman of the U.S. delegation to the upcoming Bretton Woods Conference.

Disasters
146 people were killed and over 1,000 injured when a tornado swept through parts of Pennsylania, West Virginia, and Maryland.

50 years ago
1964


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 33.

40 years ago
1974


Died on this date
Red Friesell, 80
. U.S. football official. Mr. Friesell officiated in 575 college and professional games, but was known for just one. In 1940, Cornell University, riding an 18-game winning streak, was trailing 3-0 against Dartmouth College late in the game, but scored a converted touchdown for a 7-3 win. After a post-game study of films and charts, Mr. Friesell admitted that confusion on the winning touchdown drive had resulted in Cornell mistakenly being allowed a fifth down to continue the drive. Cornell, although entitled to claim victory, refused to accept the win, and the game was officially recorded as a 3-0 win for Dartmouth.

Baseball
Tony Perez led off the bottom of the 12th inning with a home run off Joe Niekro to give the Cincinnati Reds a 2-1 win over the Atlanta Braves and a sweep of their doubleheader before 52,147 fans at Riverfront Stadium, the fourth-largest regular season crowd in Cincinnati history. Cincinnati starting pitcher Clay Kirby allowed just 1 unearned run in 10 innings, and Pedro Borbon pitched the last 2 innings to get the win. Atlanta starter Lew Krausse and relief pitcher Tom House each pitched 5 innings before Mr. Niekro entered the game in the 11th. In the first game, Joe Morgan batted 3 for 4 and hit a 2-run home run to climax a 3-run 1st inning as the Reds won 4-2. Cincinnati starting pitcher Roger Nelson pitched 7 innings to pick up his fourth win of the season and 29th and last of his major league career. He went on the disabled list with shoulder problems, and never pitched another game in the National League. Atlanta starter and losing pitcher Roric Harrison batted 2 for 2 and hit his third home run of the season.

Pinch hitter Ken McMullen singled home pinch runner with a single with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Los Angeles Dodgers a 4-3 win over the San Francisco Giants before 52,563 fans on Oldtimers' Day at Dodger Stadium.

Hal Breeden hit his first home run of the season and Bob Bailey hit his sixth as the Montreal Expos beat the St. Louis Cardinals 4-2 before 21,528 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Self Control--Raf

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): The Reflex--Duran Duran

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): The Reflex--Duran Duran (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Two Tribes--Frankie Goes To Hollywood

#1 single in the U.K.: Two Tribes--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Reflex--Duran Duran

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Reflex--Duran Duran (2nd week at #1)
2 Time After Time--Cyndi Lauper
3 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
4 Oh Sherrie--Steve Perry
5 Eyes Without a Face--Billy Idol
6 Sister Christian--Night Ranger
7 The Heart of Rock and Roll--Huey Lewis and the News
8 Jump (For My Love)--The Pointer Sisters
9 Self Control--Laura Branigan
10 Borderline--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were Panama by Van Halen (#63); Turn to You by the Go-Go's (#79); Stuck on You by Lionel Richie (#82); Young Thing, Wild Dreams (Rock Me) by Red Rider (#87); A Chance for Heaven by Christopher Cross (#88); Break-A-Way by Tracey Ullman (#89); and The Glamorous Life by Sheila E. (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Time After Time--Cyndi Lauper (3rd week at #1)
2 Let's Hear it for the Boy--Deniece Williams
3 The Reflex--Duran Duran
4 Oh Sherrie--Steve Perry
5 Hello--Lionel Richie
6 Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen
7 To All the Girls I've Loved Before--Julio Iglesias and Willie Nelson
8 Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins
9 Dance Hall Days--Wang Chung
10 Eyes Without a Face--Billy Idol

Singles entering the chart were State of Shock by the Jacksons with Mick Jagger (#41); Meet Me in the Middle by the Arrows (#45); I'm Free (Heaven Help the Man) by Kenny Loggins (#46); Lovers in a Dangerous Time by Bruce Cockburn (#49); and Boys Just Want to Have Sex by Exude (#50).

Diplomacy
Rev. Jesse Jackson, a candidate for the 1984 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States, began a tour of the Caribbean and Central America in Panama, meeting with Panamanian President Jorge Illueca.

Defense
Lebanese Prime Minister Rashid Karami announced that Lebanon's army would be reorganized under a new commander and would be overseen by a six-member military council representing leading religious groups. The plan sought to create parity between Christians and Muslims within the army.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): If You Don't Know Me By Now--Simply Red (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): The Look--Roxette (5th week at #1)

At the movies
Batman, starring Michael Keaton, Jack Nicholson, and Jack Palance, opened in theatres.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 2,531.87, fewer than 200 points below its all-time high in August 1987.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): U & Me--Cappella (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (8th week at #1)

War
French forces crossed from Zaire into Rwanda with the objective of protecting civilians from the warring Hutu and Tutsi tribes.

Politics and government
Japan's opposition Liberal Democratic Party filed a motion of non-confidence in the coalition government led by Prime Minister Tsutomo Hata.

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