Wednesday, 30 April 2014

April 30, 2014

225 years ago
1789


Politics and government
On the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City, George Washington took the oath of office to become the 1st President of the United States.

120 years ago
1894


Protest
Coxey's Army, a march of unemployed men led by Ohio businessman Jacob Coxey to protest the unemployment caused by the Panic of 1893, reached Washington, D.C., 36 days after leaving Massillon, Ohio.

110 years ago
1904


Americana
The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World's Fair opened in St. Louis, Missouri. U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt wasn't there in person, but opened the fair via telegraph. John Philip Sousa and his band played at the fair on opening day.

75 years ago
1939


On television today
U.S. commercial television made its official debut as NBC broadcast U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's ceremonial address at the opening of the World’s Fair in New York City. The signal was transmitted from the Empire State Building.

Americana
The 1939-1940 World's Fair opened in New York City.

Baseball
The Washington Nationals scored 3 runs in the top of the 8th inning, 2 on a single by Buddy Lewis, as they edged the New York Yankees 3-2 before 23,712 fans at Yankee Stadium. Joe Krakauskas started on the mound for Washington and allowed just 4 hits and 1 run, earned, in 7 innings. He was removed for a pinch hitter with the Nationals trailing 1-0, but became the winning pitcher as a result of the 8th-inning rally. Oral Hildebrand started on the mound for New York and allowed 11 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 8 innings in taking the loss. New York first baseman Lou Gehrig played his 2,130th consecutive game, batting 0 for 4 and making 7 putouts and 2 assists. For the Iron Horse, it turned out to be his last game.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You'll Never Know--Vera Lynn and Joe Loss (3rd month at #1)

War
About 3,000 Allied planes attacked Nazi targets in France. Soviet planes made a mass raid on the old Polish fortress city of Brest-Litovsk. The U.K. reached an agreement with Yugoslavian dictator Marshal Tito permitting cooperation between the two nations' air forces.

Baseball
Phil Weintraub batted 4 for 5 with a home run, triple, and 2 doubles, and batted in 11 runs, as the New York Giants routed the Brooklyn Dodgers 26-8 in the first game of a doubleheader before 58,068 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. New York catcher Ernie Lombardi batted 3 for 5 with 2 doubles and 7 RBIs. The Giants had 18 hits, while 5 Brooklyn pitchers combined to issue 17 bases on balls. Rube Melton started for the Dodgers and took the loss, lasting just 1 inning, while Cliff Melton started for the Giants and lasted just 3 1/3 innings. Harry Feldman pitched the final 5 2/3 innings for New York to get the win. Tommy Warren, the final pitcher used by the Dodgers, pitched 5 innings, giving up 15 runs--11 earned--on 13 hits and 6 bases on balls, while recording 2 strikeouts. Perhaps the game's most amazing statistic is that it ws completed in just 2 hours and 58 minutes; a game like that in 2014 would take at least 2 hours longer. The Dodgers won the second game 5-4 when it was called after 7 innings because of darkness.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Wir Wir Wir Haben Ein Klavier--Die Zehn Whiskys (2nd month at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Such a Night--Johnnie Ray

At the movies
River of No Return, starring Robert Mitchum and Marilyn Monroe, opened in theatres. The movie was filmed in Jasper and Banff National Parks in Alberta.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Little Children--Billy J. Kramer with the Dakotas

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): A World Without Love--Peter and Gordon (2nd week at #1)

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Waterloo--ABBA

Died on this date
Agnes Moorehead, 73
. U.S. actress. Miss Moorehead was a member of Orson Welles' Mercury Players, and performed in the Mercury Theatre's radio programs and films, making her movie debut in Citizen Kane (1941). She earned a reputation as a great radio actress, appearing in more episodes of Suspense than any other performer, including seven different performances of Sorry, Wrong Number. Miss Moorehead was best known for her supporting performance as Endora in the television comedy series Bewitched (1964-1972). She died of cancer, and was one of the first people to have connected it with her appearance in the movie The Conqueror (1956).

Politics and government
Ralph Steinhauer was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. The former chief of the Saddle Lake Indian band became the first aboriginal Canadian named to a viceregal position.

Scandal
1,200 pages of edited transcripts of White House conversations related to the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and the subsequent cover-up were released. The transcripts were liberally sprinkled with words rendered "unintelligible;" "inaudible;" and "expletive deleted."

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 1 @ Philadelphia 4 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Boston 4 @ Chicago 2 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Rick MacLeish scored the winning goal with 2:51 remaining in the 2nd period and scored into an empty net with 33 seconds remaining in the game as the Flyers beat the Rangers before 17,007 fans at the Spectrum. Tom Bladon scored for Philadelphia in the 2nd period and Simon Nolet scored his first goal of the 1974 playoffs in the 3rd period. Pete Stemkowski scored to give New York a 1-0 lead after the 1st period.

Gregg Sheppard scored with 1:49 remaining in regulation time and Phil Esposito scored 33 seconds later as the Bruins eliminated the Black Hawks before 16,666 fans at Chicago Stadium. Mr. Sheppard's goal caromed into the net off the skates of Chicago goalie Tony Esposito. Cliff Koroll scored to give the Black Hawks a 1-0 lead after the 1st period, but Don Marcotte scored twice within 4 minutes and 6 seconds in the 2nd period to give the Bruins a 2-1 lead. Len Frig scored for the Black Hawks in the 3rd period to tie the game 2-2.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
East Division
Toronto 7 @ Chicago 6 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

The Toros scored 2 goals in the 1st period and 5 in the 2nd and hung on to edge the Cougars before 2,648 fans at Randhurst Twin Ice Arena in Mount Prospect, Illinois. Guy Trottier led the Toros with 3 goals and an assist; other Toronto goals were scored by Wayne Carleton, Tom Simpson, Bob Leduc, and Rick Sentes. Larry Mavety, Rosaire Paiement, Jim Benzelock, Jan Popiel, Rick Morris, and Bob Liddington scored for the Cougars.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Boston 96 @ Milwaukee 105 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar scored 36 points and Bob Dandridge added 24 as the Bucks defeated the Celtics before 10,938 fans at Milwaukee Arena. Milwaukee outscored Boston 32-17 in the 2nd quarter to take a 55-41 halftime lead, but the Celtics outscored the Bucks 24-13 in the 4th quarter to tie the game 90-90 at the end of regulation time. Jo Jo White led the Celtics with 25 points.

ABA
Finals
Utah 85 @ New York 89 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Julius Erving scored 47 points to lead the Nets to their win over the Stars before 13,740 fans at Nassau County Coliseum in Uniondale. Jimmy Jones led the Stars with 25 points and Willie Wise added 20.

Baseball
The California Angels scored 11 runs in the first 4 innings and coasted to a 16-6 win over the Boston Red Sox before 7,395 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. California second baseman Denny Doyle had perhaps the best game of his career, batting 5 for 6 with 2 runs scored and 2 runs batted in. Third baseman Bob Oliver batted 3 for 5 with a double and triple and 4 RBIs. Winning pitcher Nolan Ryan pitched a complete game for the victory despite giving up 6 earned runs. He allowed 6 hits and 7 bases on balls, striking out 15 batters. Reggie Cleveland started on the mound for the Red Sox and took the loss, allowing 9 hits, 4 bases on balls, and 9 runs--8 earned--in 3 1/3 innings. Boston second baseman Doug Griffin, who was leading the team in hitting with a .347 average in 21 games, was beaned above the left ear and knocked unconscious in his first time at bat, in the 1st inning. He wasn't wearing an earflap on his helmet, and the beaning led to criticism of the rule that said that players who were in the major leagues prior to 1973 didn't have to wear a batting helmet with an earflap.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): 99 Luftballons--Nena (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Thriller--Michael Jackson (11th week at #1)

Diplomacy
Diplomatic relations between the United Kingdom and Libya officially ended, 13 days after British police officer Yvonne Fletcher had been killed by gunfire from the Libyan embassy in London, and three says after personnel from the nations' respective embassies had returned home.

U.S. President Ronald Reagan continued his visit to China, and he or his aides signed agreements with Chinese representatives that would guarantee against double taxation for American corporations operating in China; provide for new exchanges of cutural programs; and enable American companies to help build Chinese nuclear reactors. Mr. and Mrs. Reagan visited the ancient capital of Xian, where archaeologists in recent years had unearthed thousands of terra-cotta figures of soldiers at the tomb of China's first emperor.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the Index of Leading Economic Indicators had declined 1.1% in March.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff

Died on this date
Sergio Leone, 60
. Italian film director. Mr. Leone became known for his "Spaghetti Westerns," notably the trilogy of Fistful of Dollars (1964); For a Few Dollars More (1965); and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966). He followed these movies with Once Upon a Time in the West (1969) and Once Upon a Time in America (1984).

Defense
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl met in West Germany for talks, with Mr. Kohl urging talks with the U.S.S.R. aimed at producing cuts in the number of short-range missiles, and Mrs. Thatcher reiterating her opposition to such talks. Mrs. Thatcher and U.S. President George Bush supported modernization of the arsenal of U.S. short-range missiles based in West Germany.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Sign--Ace of Base

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Without You--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sister Golden Hair--Spanic (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bump N' Grind--R. Kelly (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box):
1 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (2nd week at #1)
2 Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
3 The Sign--Ace of Base
4 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
5 Without You/Never Forget You--Mariah Carey
6 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
7 So Much in Love--All-4-One
8 I'm Ready--Tevin Campbell
8 Whatta Man--Salt-N-Pepa with En Vogue
9 Return to Innocence--Enigma
10 I'll Remember--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were Objects in the Rear View Mirror May Appear Closer than They Are by Meat Loaf (#81); Leavin' by Tony Toni Tone (#86); and Feenin' by Jodeci (#87).

Died on this date
Richard Scarry, 74
. U.S. author. Mr. Scarry was an author and/or illustrator of more than 300 books for children from 1949 until his death.

Roland Ratzenberger, 33. Austrian auto racing driver. Mr. Ratzenberger, a rookie on the Formula One circuit, was killed in a crash during the qualifying session for the San Marino Grand Prix at Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari outside Imola, Italy.

Sport
Bruce Baumgartner, the most decorated American wrestler in history, won his 15th national heavyweight title at the United States championships in Las Vegas. It was his 12th straight championship, and he went on to win again in 1995 and 1996.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Vancouver 4 @ Calgary 3 (2 OT) (Vancouver won best-of-seven series 4-3)

10 years ago
2004


Law
A bill imposing restrictions on media was pushed through the Italian parliament by the government of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, leading the president of the country's state-run broadcasting network to resign in protest.

Tuesday, 29 April 2014

April 29, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, April Stevens and Irina Zabelina!

100 years ago
1914


Education
The Supreme Court of Ontario banned employment of unqualified teachers.

75 years ago
1939


Baseball
The Washington Nationals scored 3 runs in the top of the 1st inning and held on to beat the New York Yankees 3-1 before 11,473 fans at Yankee Stadium. Ken Chase pitched a complete game for the victory, allowing 9 hits and striking out 7. Lefty Gomez started on the mound for the Yankees, allowing 9 hits in 8 innings in taking the loss. New York first baseman Lou Gehrig batted 1 for 3 with a base on balls and made 13 putouts. His single in the 4th inning was the 2,721st and last hit of his major league career.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It's Love-Love-Love--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Bernardino Machado, 93
. 3rd President of Portugal, 1915-1917; 8th President of Portugal, 1925-1926; Prime Minister of Portugal, 1914, 1921. Mr. Machado, a native of Rio de Janeiro, moved to Portugal at the age of 9. He was originally a member of the Democratic Party, but switched to the Republican Party in the mid-1900s. Mr. Machado's presidencies both ended in coups, and both times he went into exile in France. When the Nazia insvaded France in 1940, Mr. Machado was permitted to return to Portugal, living under virtual house arrest at his retreat in Famalicão.

War
German U-Boats sank the Royal Canadian Navy destroyer HMCS Athabaskan off the coast of France, while HMCS Haida drove a flaming German warship aground. British agent Nancy Wake, a leading figure in the French Resistance and the Gestapo's most wanted person, parachuted back into France to become a liaison between London and the local maquis group.

Politics and government
U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur announced from New Guinea that he would not accept a nomination as a candidate for President of the United States in the November 1944 election.

Labour
As the U.S. National War Labor Board opened hearings to determine whether a Congress of Industrial Organizations union represented the workers at Montgomery Ward, U.S. Army troops left the company's Chicago plant. The Army had been sent to take over the plant after Montgomery Ward had refused to obey an order from U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to recognize a CIO union.

50 years ago
1964


Labour
The Ontario government of Premier John Robarts enacted a provincial minimum wage of $1 per hour, starting June 29.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Seasons in the Sun--Terry Jacks

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Distancia--Roberto Carlos (7th week at #1)

Scandal
In a nationally televised address, U.S. President Richard Nixon announced that he would turn over to the House of Representatives Judiciary Committee 1,200 pages of edited transcripts of tapes of White House conversations related to the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and the subsequent cover-up. His decision was in response to the April 11 subpoena issued by the Judiciary Committee for the tapes of 42 conversations.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
West Division
Minnesota 4 @ Houston 9 (Houston led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Mark Howe scored 2 goals and an assist as the Aeros routed the Fighting Saints before 9,874 fans at Sam Houston Arena. Andre Hinse, Gordie Howe, Gord Labossiere, Frank Hughes, Larry Lund, Murray Hall, and Jim Sherrit also scored for Houston. Mike Walton scored 2 goals for the Fighting Saints, with Mike Antonovich and Ted Hampson scoring the other Minnesota goals. Houston outshot Minnesota 51-24.

Baseball
Anastacio Velasquez pitched a no-hitter for the Veracruz Eagles of the Mexican League as they edged Chihuahua 1-0 in Mexico City.

Odell Jones pitched a no-hitter and struck out 13 batters for the Thetford Mines Miners of the AA Eastern League as they blanked the Pittsfield Rangers 7-0 in Pittsfield, Massachusetts. It was Mr. Jones' second straight shutout.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Relax--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Big in Japan--Alphaville (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan met in Beijing with Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. Mr. Deng asked Mr. Reagan to use his influence with the Republic of China (Taiwan) to speed up reunification talks, but Mr. Reagan indicated that he did not wish to intercede in what he regarded as a matter to be resolved by the two Chinas.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Like a Prayer--Madonna (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Megamix--Boney M (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Like a Prayer--Madonna (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Eternal Flame--Bangles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Eternal Flame--Bangles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Like a Prayer--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Like a Prayer--Madonna (2nd week at #1)
2 I'll Be There for You--Bon Jovi
3 Funky Cold Medina--Tone Loc
4 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
5 Heaven Help Me--Deon Estus (with George Michael)
6 The Look--Roxette
7 Second Chance--Thirty Eight Special
8 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
9 Forever Your Girl--Paula Abdul
10 Real Love--Jody Watley

Singles entering the chart were Pop Singer by John Cougar Mellencamp (#60); Baby Don't Forget My Number by Milli Vanilli (#65); This Time I Know it's for Real by Donna Summer (#70); I Won't Back Down by Tom Petty (#75); Now You're in Heaven by Julian Lennon (#80); The Mayor of Simpleton by XTC (#85); Anything Can Happen by Was (Not Was) (#88); and Down Boys by Warrant (#95).

Society
U.S. pro-life advocate and former abortionist Dr. Bernard Nathanson spoke at Universiade Pavilion in Edmonton and screened the documentary film The Silent Scream. The following day'e edition of the Edmonton Journal didn't give the event the coverage it deserved, despite the large crowd in attendance. The Journal put its article on Dr. Nathanson's presentation deep inside the paper--appropriately, on the page where the birth and death announcements appeared.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Philadelphia 4 @ Pittsburgh 1 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-2)

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Without You--Mariah Carey (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Watch Your House for Ireland--Coca-Cola Official Irish Team

World events
An estimated 250,000 people crossed the border from Rwanda to Tanzania, fleeing the ethnic bloodshed in Rwanda between Hutus and Tutsis.

Politics and government
Four days of voting in South Africa's first general-suffrage election concluded, with 19 parties contesting a 400-seat National Assembly and a 90-seat Senate. Results were announced a week later.

Protest
The Nova Scotia provincial legislature in Halifax was disrupted by a demonstration by construction workers who were angry about a recent decision by the Liberal government of Premier John Savage to allow non-union workers on union construction sites. The protesters invaded the Legislature building and the Speaker cancelled the session as MLAs were escorted from the building.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Montreal 3 @ Boston 5 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Buffalo 1 @ New Jersey 2 (New Jersey won best-of-seven series 4-3)

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Sid Smith, 78
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Smith played with the Toronto Maple Leafs from 1946-47 through the 1957-58 season, scoring 369 points on 186 goals and 183 assists in 601 regular season games and 27 points on 17 goals and 10 assists in 44 playoff games. He won the Lady Byng Memorial Trophy as the NHL' s most gentlemanly player in 1951-52 and 1954-55. Mr. Smith was a member of Stanley Cup championship teams in 1947-48, 1948-49, and 1950-51. He retired from professional hockey early in the 1957-58 season and joined the senior Whitby Dunlops as player and coach, leading them to the world championship in 1958, scoring 9 goals and 5 assists in 7 games in the world championship tournament.

War
A memorial to the 16 million Americans who served in World War II opened in Washington, D.C.

Terrorism
U.S. President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney testified before the 9/11 Commission in a closed, unrecorded hearing in the Oval Office of the White House.

Transportation
Oldsmobile built its final car, an Alero GLS 4-door sedan, ending 107 years of production.

Monday, 28 April 2014

April 28, 2014

225 years ago
1789


World events
Mutineers aboard the U.K. Royal Navy ship HMS Bounty mutinied and set her captain, Lieutenant William Bligh and 18 sailors adrift, 1,300 miles west of Tahiti. The rebels returned to Tahiti briefly before setting sail for Pitcairn Island.

70 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Frank Knox, 70
. U.S. newspaper executive and politician. Mr. Knox fought in the Spanish-American War and World War I. In peacetime, he owned several newspapers. Mr. Knox was the Republican Party's candidate for Vice President of the United States, serving as Alf Landon's running mate in a landslide loss to incumbent President Franklin D. Roosevelt. In 1940, Mr. Roosevelt, a Democrat, attempted to make his cabinet more bipartisan, and appointed Mr. Knox as Secretary of the Navy. Mr. Knox held the position until he died after a series of heart attacks.

Mohammed Alim Khan, 64. Emirate of Bukhara, 1911-1920. Emir Alim Khan was the last emir of the Manghud dynasty, the last dynasty of the Emirate of Bukhara. He ruled as an absolute monarch, although Bukhara became a Russian protectorate in 1873. Emir Alim Khan lost his throne and fled to Kabul, Afghanistan when the Russian Red Army invaded Bukhara.

Television
James McLean of General Electric announced that nine television stations were currently operating in the United States, covering an area with a population of 22 million.

War
Nine German E-boats attacked U.S. and U.K. units during Exercise Tiger--the rehearsal for the Normandy landings--killing 946. At least 2,000 U.S. planes of all types smashed at Nazi targets in northern France. Japanese troops took Hulao Pass, gateway to Loang in the Chinese province of Honan. U.S. Undersecretary of the Navy James Forrestal, temporarily in charge of the Navy after the death of Navy Secretary Frank Knox, said that any move to unify Army and Navy commands during the war "is unthinkable."

Politics and government
The government of Bolivia announced that a "revolutionary plot" had been broken up with the arrest of several plotters.

Diplomacy
U.S. Senator Arthur Vandenberg (Republican--Michigan) said that if in power, the Republican Party would be committed to postwar cooperative organizations.

Labour
U.S. Undersecretary of Commerce Wayne Taylor, operating the Chicago plant of Montgomery Ward, ejected the company's president, Clement Ryan, for refusing to cooperate with an order from U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt that Montgomery Ward recognize a Congress of Industrial Organizations union.

Baseball
The St. Louis Browns tied a major league record by winning their ninth straight game from the start of the season.

60 years ago
1954


Died on this date
Léon Jouhaux, 74
. French labour leader. Mr. Jouhaux helped to found the International Labour Organization. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1951.

50 years ago
1964


Music
The single What'd I Say/Viva Las Vegas by Elvis Presley was released on RCA Victor Records. Both songs were from the movie Viva Las Vegas.

Diplomacy
Vasily Vasilievich Tarasov, Ottawa correspondent for the Soviet newspaper Izvestia, was expelled from Canada for spying.

40 years ago
1974


Scandal
Former U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell and former U.S. Commerce Secretary Maurice Stans were acquitted by a jury in a U.S. federal district court in New York City of all charges that they had attempted to impede a Securities and Exchange Commission investigation of financier Robert Vesco in return for a secret $200,000 cash contribution to the 1972 re-election campaign of President Richard Nixon. Both accused men had been directors of that campaign. The 18-count indictment had charged them with conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury for attempting to block the SEC investigation into Mr. Vesco's mutual funds dealings, and then lying to a grand jury about their roles. Jurors interviewed after the verdict said they had not believed government witnesses, including former White House counsel John Dean and SEC Chairman Bradford Cook. The verdicts were seen as a boost to those seeking to prevent the impeachment of Mr. Nixon, especially as the credibility of Mr. Dean, the President's chief accuser, was brought into question.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Philadelphia 1 @ New York Rangers 2 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Chicago 2 @ Boston 6 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Rod Gilbert scored at 4:20 of the 1st overtime period to give the Rangers their win over the Flyers before 17,500 fans at Madison Square Garden. Joe Watson had scored in the 1st period for Philadelphia, and Bobby Rousseau had tied the game with 1:47 remaining in the 2nd period. Philadelphia defenseman Barry Ashbee suffered a career-ending injury when a shot from New York defenseman Dale Rolfe hit him in the eye. The Rangers outshot the Flyers 37-20.

The Bruins scored 5 goals in the 2nd period as they beat the Black Hawks before 15,003 fans at Boston Garden. Johnny Bucyk and Phil Esposito each scored twice for Boston, with Dallas Smith and Gregg Sheppard adding the other Boston goals. Cliff Koroll and Pit Martin scored for Chicago. Tony Esposito started in goal for Chicago and allowed 6 goals on 23 shots before being replaced by Mike Veisor to start the 3rd period. Mr. Veisor stopped all 12 shots that he faced. Boston goalie Gilles Gilbert faced 21 shots.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
East Division
Toronto 2 @ Chicago 3 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 2-1)

West Division
Houston 4 @ Minnesota 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Rosaire Paiement scored at 1:26 and 6:42 of the 3rd period to give the Cougars their win over the Toros before 1,782 fans at Randhurst Twin Ice Arena in Mount Prospect, Illinois. The Toros had led 2-1 after the 1st period on goals by Bob Leduc and Brian Gibbons, with Bob Sicinski scoring for Chicago. The Cougars were playing in a suburban shopping mall arena because Chicago International Amphitheatre, their regular home, was unavailable because it was hosting a production of Peter Pan, starring Cathy Rigby.

John Schella, Gordie Howe, Gord Labossiere, and Frank Hughes scored for the Aeros as they defeated the Fighting Saints before 17,211 fans at St. Paul Civic Arena. Wayne Connelly scored for Minnesota, who trailed 1-0 after the 1st period and 2-1 after 2 periods.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Boston 98 @ Milwaukee 83 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Celtics took a 35-19 lead after the 1st quarter and went on to defeat the Bucks before 10,938 fans at Milwaukee Arena. John Havlicek scored 26 points for Boston, while Dave Cowens and Jo Jo White each added 19. Milwaukee center Kareem Abdul-Jabbar led all scorers with 35 points, but none of his teammates scored more than 12.

Baseball
George Hendrick hit 2 home runs--including a grand slam--and drove in 5 runs as the Cleveland Indians beat the California Angels 10-2 before 11,581 fans at Cleveland's Municipal Stadium. Gaylord Perry pitched a 4-hit complete game for his third straight win, improving his record to 3-1, while losing pitcher Frank Tanana dropped to 2-2. California first baseman Mike Epstein batted 0 for 4 in what turned out to be the last game of his nine-year major league career. He was released a week later while batting just .161 in 18 games, although he was tied for the team lead in home runs with 4.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Love of the Common People--Paul Young (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): Hello--Lionel Richie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Hello--Lionel Richie (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins

#1 single in the U.K.: Hello--Lionel Richie (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)
2 Hello--Lionel Richie
3 Footloose--Kenny Loggins
4 Hold Me Now--Thompson Twins
5 Miss Me Blind--Culture Club
6 Eat It--"Weird Al" Yankovic
7 To All the Girls I've Loved Before--Julio Iglesias and Willie Nelson
8 You Might Think--The Cars
9 Love Somebody--Rick Springfield
10 They Don't Know--Tracey Ullman

Singles entering the chart were Love Will Show Us How by Christine McVie (#67); Jump (For My Love) by the Pointer Sisters (#76); Whisper to a Scream (Birds Fly) by Icicle Works (#82); Believe in Me by Dan Fogelberg (#84); I Want to Break Free by Queen (#86); There's No Easy Way by James Ingram (#87); Dance Hall Days by Wang Chung (#88); What is Love? by Howard Jones (#89); and Theme from "Terms of Endearment" by Michael Gore (#100). Theme from "Terms of Endearment" was from the movie.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)
2 Footloose--Kenny Loggins
3 Hold Me Now--Thompson Twins
4 Girls Just Want to Have Fun--Cyndi Lauper
5 Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell
6 Miss Me Blind--Culture Club
7 Hello--Lionel Richie
8 To All the Girls I've Loved Before--Julio Iglesias and Willie Nelson
9 Eat It--"Weird Al" Yankovic
10 99 Red Balloons--Nena

Singles entering the chart were Time After Time by Cyndi Lauper (#44); The Reflex by Duran Duran (#46); and Standing in the Dark by Platinum Blonde (#50).

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan continued his visit to China. An interview that he did for Chinese television was partially censored, with his implied criticism of the U.S.S.R. being omitted from the broadcast.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference Finals
New York Islanders 5 @ Montreal 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Clarence S. Campbell Conference Finals
Edmonton 8 @ Minnesota 5 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-0)

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Wild Thing--Tone Loc (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff (5th week at #1)

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the Index of Leading Economic Indicators had declined 0.7% in March.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): One--Metallica

Scandal
Former U.S. Central Intelligence Agency official Aldrich Ames pled guilty to a charge of spying for the U.S.S.R. and Russia, and also pled guilty to income tax evasion. Under a plea bargain with the United States government, Mr. Ames was sentenced to life in prison and agreed to cooperate with the government. In return, his wife Rosario, who also pled guilty to espionage and income tax evasion, would receive a lenient sentence.

The United States Navy expelled 24 midshipmen from the U.S. Naval Academy in what was reported as the biggest cheating scandal in the academy's history. Originally, 134 students who had taken an electrical engineering examination in 1992 had been accused of obtaining advance information, and some had been accused of lying about what they had done.

Politics and government
Voter turnout over three days in South Africa's first general-suffrage elections was so heavy that the voting was extended for an extra day to include April 29.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross domestic product had gorown at an annual rate of 2.6% in the first quarter of 1994, a sharp decline from the 7.0% increase for the last quarter of 1993.

10 years ago
2004


Abominations
The Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal was first revealed when graphic photos of U.S. soldiers physically abusing and humiliating Iraqi prisoners were shown on the CBS news program 60 Minutes II.

Politics and government
Marc Bellemare resigned as Quebec's Justice Minister, stating that he was disappointed with the Liberal government of Premier Jean Charest and the slow pace of reforms.

Sunday, 27 April 2014

April 27, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rod Crossley!

475 years ago
1539


South Americana
Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar re-founded the city of Bogotá, New Granada (now Colombia).

110 years ago
1904


Politics and government
Chris Watson, leader of the Australian Labour Party, became the first Labour Party leader to lead a national government when he took office as Prime Minister of Australia, following the resignation of Protectionist Party leader Alfred Deakin.

100 years ago
1914


Diplomacy
Honduras became a signatory to the Buenos Aires Convention copyright treaty.

70 years ago
1944
.

War
Allied operations ended on Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea, as two Allied columns joined forces. U.S. planes made morning and afternoon raids on railyards and airfields in France. U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur and U.S. Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz announced the completion of talks on integrating operations against Japanese forces.

Diplomacy
New York Governor and candidate for the 1944 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States Tom Dewey advocated solid relationships with the U.K., U.S.S.R., and China in the postwar period.

Politics and government
The Nicaraguan Congress approved a constitutional revision to permit the president to run for re-election in 1946.

Journalism
The federal commissioner in the Argentine province of Entre Rios warned newspapers in his jurisdiction that they would be closed if they editorially discussed such subjects as freedom.

Economics and finance
A special U.S. Senate subcommittee studying wages of white collar workers reported that 20 million were receiving substandard pay.

Labour
The International Labour Organization received a request from the Italian government for readmission, seven years after Italy had quit the ILO.

Baseball
Jim Tobin pitched the major leagues' first no-hitter in three years, leading the Boston Braves to a 2-0 win over the Brooklyn Dodgers at Braves Field.

60 years ago
1954


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Terror Begins, starring Stefan Schnabel and Everett Sloane

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Non Ho L'Etá (Per Amarti)--Gigliola Cinquetti (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Outer Limits, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Chameleon, starring Robert Duvall, Howard Caine, Henry Brandon, Douglas Henderson, and William O'Connell

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Be My Day--The Cats (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Seasons in the Sun--Terry Jacks (4th week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 My Coo Ca Choo--Alvin Stardust (5th week at #1)
2 Farewell Aunty Jack--Grahame Bond
3 The Lord's Prayer--Sister Janet Mead
4 Seasons in the Sun--Terry Jacks
5 I Love You Love Me Love--Gary Glitter
6 Daytona Demon--Suzi Quatro
7 She Didn't Remember My Name--Osmosis
8 You Won't Find Another Fool Like Me--New Seekers
9 Sorrow--David Bowie
10 The Joker--Steve Miller Band

The only single entering the chart was Wild Love by Mungo Jerry (#40).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)--MFSB featuring the Three Degrees (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)--MFSB featuring the Three Degrees (2nd week at #1)
2 The Loco-Motion--Grand Funk
3 Best Thing that Ever Happened to Me--Gladys Knight and the Pips
4 Bennie and the Jets--Elton John
5 Come and Get Your Love--Redbone
6 Oh My My--Ringo Starr
7 I'll Have to Say I Love You in a Song--Jim Croce
8 Lookin' for a Love--Bobby Womack
9 The Show Must Go On--Three Dog Night
10 Keep on Singing--Helen Reddy

Singles entering the chart were One Chain Don't Make No Prison by the Four Tops (#82); Sleepin' by Diana Ross (#83); Save the Last Dance for Me by the DeFranco Family (#85); Come Monday by Jimmy Buffett (#88); If You Wanna Get to Heaven by the Ozark Mountain Daredevils (#92); After Midnight by Maggie Bell (#95); Rhapsody in White by the Love Unlimited Orchestra (#96); Wildflower by New Birth (#97); Teenage Love Affair by Rick Derringer (#98); 48 Crash by Suzi Quatro (#99); and The Golden Age of Rock 'N' Roll by Mott the Hoople (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)--MFSB featuring the Three Degrees
2 The Loco-Motion--Grand Funk
3 The Lord's Prayer--Sister Janet Mead
4 Bennie and the Jets--Elton John
5 Oh My My--Ringo Starr
6 I'll Have to Say I Love You in a Song--Jim Croce
7 Let it Ride--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
8 Best Thing that Ever Happened to Me--Gladys Knight and the Pips
9 Star Baby--Guess Who
10 Piano Man--Billy Joel

Singles entering the chart were Just as Bad as You by Shawne Jackson (#81); Billy - Don't Be a Hero by Paper Lace (#82); Tell Laura I Love Her by Johnny T. Angel (#89); The Air that I Breathe by the Hollies (#91); Hollywood Swinging by Kool & The Gang (#97); Going Down Slow by Bobby Blue Bland (#98); Standing at the End of the Line by Lobo (#99); and For the Love of Money by the O'Jays (#100).

#1 single in Calgary: Hooked on a Feeling--Blue Swede (3rd week at #1)

Protest
10,000 people marched in Washington, D.C., calling for the impeachment of U.S. President Richard Nixon.

Boxing
Chartchai Chionoi (60-16-3) retained his World Boxing Association world flyweight title with a 15-round split decision over Fritz Chervet (49-8-2) at Hallenstadion in Zurich.

Basketball
ABA
Semi-Finals
Western Division
Indiana 89 @ Utah 107 (Utah won best-of-seven series 4-3)

The Stars took a 37-20 lead after the 1st quarter and coasted to victory over the Pacers before 12,191 fans at the Salt Palace in Salt Lake City. Utah point guard Jimmy Jones led all scorers with 29 points. Roger Brown led the Pacers with 21 points, but their biggest star, George McGinnis, scored just 14.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Reggae Nights--Jimmy Cliff (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): People are People--Depeche Mode

On television today
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation weekday public affairs program Take 30 aired its final show, ending its 22-year run. In its final years, Take 30 attracted relatively few viewers; the number of channels and competing programs increased tremendously, and daytime audiences increasingly preferred soap operas and game shows to public affairs programs.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan met in Beijing with Chinese Prime Minister Zhao Ziyang and Communist Party general secretary Hu Yaobang. Mr. Reagan had heard of China's concern about the deployment of U.S. missiles in Europe, and about the interventionist U.S. policy in Central America. Mr. Reagan's address on Chinese television was censored to remove his implied criticism of the Soviet Union.

The 11-day siege of the Libyan embassy in London ended when 30 diplomats and other occupants left the building and returned to Libya, while most of the remaining British officials in Tripoli returned to Britain.

20 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Timothy Spencer
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Spencer had been convicted of raping and strangling four women in Virginia in 1987. The prosecution had no confession, fingerprints, or witnesses, but DNA tests had linked semen at the crime scene with Mr. Spencer's blood. Mr. Spencer was executed in the Greensville Correctional Center, south of Richmond, Virginia, becoming the first criminal to be executed on the basis of a conviction obtained through DNA-matching technology.

Politics and government
Voting continued in the first general-suffrage election in South Africa, and African National Congress Leader and presidential candidate Nelson Mandela cast his first vote ever. The country's Interim Constitution came into force.

Terrorism
Four days of bombings related to the elections in South Africa concluded, with 21 people killed. 31 people linked to white separatist groups were arrested for the attacks.

War
New fighting flared up between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda.

Americana
Former U.S. President Richard Nixon was buried next to his wife Pat on the grounds of the Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace in Yorba Linda, California. President Bill Clinton, who spoke at the funeral, declared a day of mourning. Former Presidents Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, and George Bush were also in attendance.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
New Jersey 0 @ Buffalo 1 (4 OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Dave Hannan scored for the Sabres in the 4th overtime period as they edged the Devils to send the series to a seventh game. It was the NHL's first quadruple-overtime game since April 18, 1987.

Baseball
Scott Erickson pitched a no-hitter as the Minnesota Twins blanked the Milwaukee Brewers 6-0 at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis.

10 years ago
2004


Defense
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Paul Martin unveiled a new $690-million national security policy aimed at tightening port security; funding cyber-security initiatives; improving the national fingerprinting system; and enhancing Canada's intelligence capabilities.

Politics and government
United Nations envoy to Iraq Lakhdar Brahimi announced that he would select a transitional government to run Iraq until elections were held in 2005.

Protest
A mob protesting corruption in the Peruvian town of Ilave lynched the mayor and attacked the police station with gasoline bombs.

Saturday, 26 April 2014

April 26, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lynn Weiss!

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Ludwig Wittgenstein
. Austria-Hunagarian-born U.K. philosopher. Dr. Wittgenstein worked primarlily in logic, and the philosophies of mathematics, mind, and language. He was a a contemporary of Bertrand Russell and Karl Popper, and taught at the University of Cambridge from 1939-1947. Dr. Wittgenstein died on April 29, 1951, three days after his 62nd birthday. His book Philosophical Investigations, considered a classic in the field, was published in 1953.

Anita Loos. U.S. author. Miss Loos, who wrote short stories, non-fiction, and screenplays, was best known for her comic novel Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1925). She died on August 18, 1981 at the age of 92.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Bernard Malamud
. U.S. author. Mr. Malamud was best known for his novels The Natural (1952) and The Fixer (1966). He died on March 18, 1986 at the age of 71.

70 years ago
1944


War
British planes sank three German convoy ships off Norway. Canadian warships sank a German destroyer off France. German General Heinrich Kreipe was abducted by Allied commandos from occupied Crete. Soviet forces sank five German transport ships off Sevastopol. Chinese and American forces in northern Burma made a six-mile advance through the Mogaung Valley to a point 10 miles from Kamaing.

Diplomacy
Archbishop of York Cyril Garbett defended British policy in India and Palestine, indicating that without previous Hindu-Muslim agreement, independence for India would be meaningless. He said that the 1917 Balfour Declaration mandating Palestine as a Jewish homeland did not intend for all of Palestine to be a Jewish home.

U.S. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson said that U.S. Army Lieutenant General George Patton's April 15 statement that the U.S.A. and U.K. were destined to rule the world "represents Patton's personal views" and not that of the War Department.

Politics and government
Georgios Papandreou became Prime Minister of the Greek government-in-exile based in Cairo.

Defense
U.S. Army service forces chief Lieutenant General Brehon Somervell said that unity of command of U.S. armed forces should begin now.

Labour
U.S. Army troops took possession of the Chicago plant of Montgomery Ward, which had rejected President Franklin D. Roosevelt's order to recognize a Congress of Industrial Organizations union. Montgomery Ward board chairman Sewell Avery was carried out of his office by U.S. soldiers.

60 years ago
1954


Diplomacy
The Geneva Conference, an effort to restore peace in Indochina and Korea, began. Secretary of State for External Affairs Lester Pearson led the Canadian delegation.

50 years ago
1964

Died on this date
E. J. Pratt, 82
. Canadian poet. Mr. Pratt, a native of Western Bay, Newfoundland, was a Methodist minister before becoming an English professor. He was regarded as the foremost Canadian poet of the first half of the 20th century.

World events
Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, later known as Tanzania.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
San Francisco 99 @ Boston 105 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-1)

The Celtics defeated the Warriors at Boston Garden to win their sixth straight NBA championship and seventh in the previous eight years.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: The Air That I Breathe--The Hollies (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Seasons in the Sun--Terry Jacks (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Eddie Anderson, 73
. U.S. football coach. Dr. Anderson coached at several colleges in a 39-year career, amassing a record of 201-136-15. 130 of his wins came at Holy Cross, where he coached for 21 years (1933-1938, 1950-1964). Dr. Anderson was an ear, nose, and throat specialist, and he devoted full time to his medical practice after retiring from coaching in 1964.

Baseball
The Cleveland Indians traded first baseman Chris Chambliss and pitchers Dick Tidrow and Cecil Unpshaw to the New York Yankees for pitchers Fritz Peterson, Steve Kline, Fred Beene, and Tom Buskey. The key player in the trade was Mr. Chambliss, the 1971 American League Rookie of the Year, who was batting .328 in 17 games with Cleveland in 1974.

Former Pittsburgh Pirates' star pitcher Steve Blass made his debut with the Charleston Charlies of the International League after being demoted by the Pirates. He walked the first 2 Rochester Red Wings he faced, threw a wild pitch, and hit a batter to load the bases. 2 infield errors made the score 3-0, and singles by Curt Motton, Jim Hutto, and Rob Andrews gave Rochester a 5-0 lead. Mr. Blass, whose wildness had suddenly appeared in 1973, then pitched 2 scoreless innings without walking or hitting a batter before leaving for a pinch hitter in the 4th inning. Charleston came back to win the game 8-7, sparing Mr. Blass the loss.

30 years ago
1984


Died on this date
Count Basie, 79
. U.S. musician. Born William James Basie, Count Basie was a prominent jazz pianist and bandleader from the 1930s through the 1950s. His theme songs were One O'Clock Jump and April in Paris.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan arrived in Beijing to begin a six-day vist to China.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference Finals
Montreal 4 @ New York Islanders 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Basketball
NBA
Quarter-Finals
Eastern Division
New Jersey 101 @ Philadelphia 98 (New Jersey won best-of-five series 3-2)
Buck Williams and Micheal Ray Richardson led the Nets as they eliminated the defending champion Philadelphia 76ers at the Spectrum.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Like a Prayer--Madonna (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Like a Prayer--Madonna (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lucille Ball, 77
. U.S. actress and producer. Miss Ball appeared in a number of movies in the 1930s and '40s before achieving stardom in the radio comedy series My Favorite Husband (1948-1951). She then became one of television's biggest stars with the series I Love Lucy (1951-1957); The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour (1957-1960); The Lucy Show (1962-1968); and Here's Lucy (1968-1974). With her first husband, Desi Arnaz, Miss Ball founded Desilu studios, which she began running in 1962, with great success.

Ihei Aoki. Japanese bureaucrat. Mr. Aoki was the secretary to Prime Minister Noboru Takeshita, who had announced the previous day that he would resign over allegations of improper dealings with Recruit Company. Mr. Aoki believed to be a middleman in financial dealings between Mr. Takeshita and Recruit Company, committed suicide.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product had grown at an annual rate of 5.5% in the first quarter of 1989.

Disasters
The deadliest tornado in world history struck central Bangladesh, killing upwards of 1,300, injuring 12,000, and leaving as many as 80,000 homeless.

20 years ago
1994


Politics and government
The day after the Japanese Diet had elected Tsutomu Hata of the Japan Renewal Party (Shinseito) as the country's new Prime Minister, replacing Morihio Hosokawa, the Social Democratic Party pulled out of the ruling coalition, saying that they believed they were going to be squeezed out of the government. The other parties in the coalition were more conservative. The defection left Mr. Hata's government without a majority in the lower house of the Diet.

Voting began in South Africa's first general-suffrage elections.

Disasters
China Airlines Flight 140 an Airbus A300B4-622R, crashed at Nagoya Airport in Japan, killing 264 of the 271 people on board.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Vancouver 2 @ Calgary 1 (OT) (Calgary led best-of-seven series 3-2)

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Hubert Selby, Jr., 75
. U.S. author. Mr. Selby was known for his novels Last Exit to Brooklyn (1964) and Requiem for a Dream (1978).

Friday, 25 April 2014

April 25, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Suzie Martin!

800 years ago
1214


Born on this date
Louis IX
. King of France, 1226-1270. A member of the House of Capet, Louis IX was the only French king to be canonized. The city of St. Louis, Missouri is one of many places named in his honour. King Louis led the Seventh Crusade in the mid-13th century, and was leading the Eighth Crusade when he died of dysentery in Carthage on August 25, 1270 at the age of 56.

210 years ago
1804


World events
The western Georgian kingdom of Imereti accepted the suzerainty of the Russian Empire.

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Confederate troops under Major General James Fagan defeated a small Union detachment commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Francis Drake in the Battle of Marks' Mills in Arkansas.

70 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Tony Mullane, 85
. Irish-born U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Mullane, one of the few major league players who could pitch with either hand, played for the Detroit Wolverines (1881); Louisville Eclipse (1882); St. Louis Browns (1883); Toledo Blue Stockings (1884); Cincinnati Red Stockings/Reds (1886-1893); Baltimore Orioles (1893-1894); and Cleveland Spiders (1894), compiling a record of 284-220, with an earned run average of 3.05. He pitched a no-hitter in 1882, and remains the Cincinnati Reds' career leader with 264 complete games. Bobby Matthews (297) and Tommy John (288) are the only pitchers with more career major league wins than Mr. Mullane who aren't in the Baseball Hall of Fame.

William Stephens, 84. U.S. politician. Mr. Stephens represented California's 7th District in the United States House of Representatives from 1911-1913 and California's 10th District from 1913-1916. He was a Republican when he was first elected, but joined the Progressive Party, led by former President Theodore Roosevelt, in 1912. Mr. Stephens rejoined the Republican Party in 1916 and served as Governor of California from 1917-1923.

War
Allied forces captured Sentani and Cyclops airfields on Hollandia, Dutch New Guniea. Allied forces continued to push back Japanese troops within the Imphal and Kohima areas in India.

Defense
U.S. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson told the House of Representatives Postwar Committee on Military Policy that he favoured "a single authority in planning, supervision, and control" of the armed forces.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt won the Massachusetts and Pennsylvania primaries in the contest to win the Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States in the November 1944 election.

Labour
Montgomery Ward telegraphed U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt that the company would not recognize the Congress of Industrial Organizations union until elections were held.

Academia
The United Negro College Fund was incorporated.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): All My Loving (EP)--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: La Plus Belle Pour Aller Danser--Sylvie Vartan (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Non ho l'età--Gigliola Cinquetti (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Oh My Darling Caroline--Ronny

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): A World Without Love--Peter and Gordon

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Can't Buy Me Love--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Can't Buy Me Love--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 Hello, Dolly!--Louis Armstrong
3 Suspicion--Terry Stafford
4 Twist and Shout--The Beatles
5 Glad All Over--The Dave Clark Five
6 Do You Want to Know a Secret--The Beatles
7 Don't Let the Rain Come Down (Crooked Little Man)--The Serendipity Singers
8 Bits and Pieces--The Dave Clark Five
9 The Shoop Shoop Song (It’s In His Kiss)--Betty Everett
10 My Guy--Mary Wells

Singles entering the chart were The Very Thought of You by Rick Nelson (#55); Goodbye Baby (Baby Goodbye) by Solomon Burke (#69); Carol by Tommy Roe (#83); From Russia with Love by the Village Stompers (#89); Today by the New Christy Minstrels (#90); Sugar and Spice by the Searchers (#91); Hey, Mr. Sax Man by Boots Randolph (#97); Soul Hootenanny (Part 1) by Gene Chandler (#98); Our Faded Love by the Royaltones (#99); and Little Donna by the Rivieras (#100). Nat King Cole's version of People, the B-side of I Don't Want to Be Hurt Anymore (which charted at #59), was mentioned with the version by Barbra Streisand (which charted at #78), but was not charted. Al Caiola's version of From Russia with Love was mentioned with the version by the Village Stompers, but was not charted.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 29.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 0 @ Toronto 4 (Toronto won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Andy Bathgate's goal at 3:04 of the 1st period proved to be the winner as the Maple Leafs blanked the Red Wings at Maple Leaf Gardens to win their third straight Stanley Cup championship. Dave Keon scored at 4:26 of the 3rd to make it 2-0, and Red Kelly and George Armstrong scored to put the game away. Johnny Bower made 33 saves in posting the shutout in goal, while Terry Sawchuk absorbed the loss.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Waterloo--ABBA

World events
In what became known as the Carnation Revolution, a leftist military coup in Portugal led by General Antoniio de Spinola overthrew the fascist Estado Novo regime of Prime Minister Marcello Caetano and established a democratic government.

Scandal
It was disclosed that Gunter Guillaume, aide to West German Chancellor Willy Brandt for Social Democratic Party affairs, was an East German spy.

Disasters
At least 250 people were dead and more than 500 missing after landslides wiped out three villages in the Peruvian Andes.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Philadelphia 3 @ New York Rangers 5 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Boston 5 @ Chicago 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Brad Park scored with 11:07 remaining in the 3rd period and Rod Gilbert scored with 6:46 remaining as the Rangers rallied from a 3-1 deficit to defeat the Flyers before 17,500 fans at Madison Square Garden. Rick MacLeish, Andre Dupont, and Gary Dornhoefer scored for Philadelphia. Bill Fairbairn scored for New York in the 1st period. After Mr. Dornhoefer gave the Flyers a 3-1 lead, Steve Vickers and Vic Hadfield scored for the Rangers to tie the game in the 2nd period. The Rangers outshot the Flyers 39-15.

Gregg Sheppard and Ken Hodge scored in the 1st period, Phil Esposito and Andre Savard scored in the 2nd period, and Wayne Cashman scored in the 3rd period as the Bruins defeated the Black Hawks before 16,666 fans at Chicago Stadium. Pit Martin scored the first Chicago goal in the 1st period and Keith Magnuson scored in the 2nd period.

Football
NFL
The National Football League adopted two rule changes: It allowed for a 15-minute sudden-death overtime period for regular-season games that were tied after 60 minutes, and moved the goal posts to the back of the end zones instead of over the goal lines, thereby making field goal attempts more difficult.

Basketball
ABA
Semi-Finals
Western Division
Utah 89 @ Indiana 91 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

George McGinnis scored 23 points as the Pacers took a 27-15 lead after the 1st quarter and held on to edge the Stars before 9,482 fans in Indianapolis. Willie Wise led Utah with 24 points.

30 years ago
1984


Diplomacy
Canada signed an agreement with the Soviet Union to cooperate in Arctic research and resource development.

25 years ago
1989


Politics and government
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev obtained the resignations of 110 officials, including 74 full members of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. Most of those who "retired" were holdovers from the time when Leonid Brezhnev had run the party and the country (1964-1982). Among those who resigned was former President and Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko.

Japanese Prime Minister Noboru Takeshita, who had received large donations from Recruit Company, and was accused of granting favours in return, announced that he would resign after the 1989 budget was approved by the Diet.

Scandal
Canadian Finance Minister Michael Wilson's budget was leaked by Global television reporter Doug Small. When opposition parties reject Mr. Wilson's request for an emergency evening sitting of the House of Commons, he called a 10 P.M. news conference to announce budget highlights.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Boston 2 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-1)

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Love Sneakin' Up on You--Bonnie Raitt
2 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
3 Mr. Jones--Counting Crows
4 The Sign--Ace of Base
5 Return to Innocence--Enigma
6 Without You--Mariah Carey
7 Swimming in Your Ocean--Crash Test Dummies
8 Hasn't Hit Me Yet--Blue Rodeo
9 Loser--Beck
10 I'll Remember--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were Round Here by Counting Crows (#53); Soul's Road by Lawrence Gowan (#54); Change by Blind Melon (#67); Breakaway by ZZ Top (#80); Sanctuary by Annette Ducharme (#89); and We Wait and Wonder by Phil Collins (#91).

Politics and government
The Japanese Diet elected Tsutomu Hata of the Japanese Renewal Party (Shinseito) to succeed Morihiro Hosokawa as Prime Minister. Mr. Hosokawa had announced his resignation on April 8, pending the choice of a successor, amid allegations that he had profited illegally from a loan from a trucking company.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Montreal 2 @ Boston 1 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Wednesday, 23 April 2014

April 24, 2014

310 years ago
1704


Journalism
The first regular newspaper in British Colonial America, the News-Letter, was published in Boston.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Stafford Cripps
. U.K. politician. Sir Stafford, a member of the Labour Party, was Ambassador to the Soviet Union and Minister of Aircraft Production in the government of Prime Minister Winston Churchill during World War II, and Minister for Economic Affairs (1947) and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1947-1950) in the government of Prime Minister Clement Attlee. He died on April 21, 1952, three days before his 63rd birthday.

110 years ago
1904


Journalism
Russian authorities lifted the ban on the publication of Lithuanian-language materials within the Russian Empire that had been in place for 40 years.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
William Castle
. U.S. movie director and producer. Born William Schloss, Mr. Castle was known for directing low-budget thrillers--mainly from the 1940s through the 1960s--and for the gimmicks he employed in promoting his films. For Macabre (1958), he insured viewers against death by fright. House on Haunted Hill (1958) was filmed in "Emergo," which involved a plastic skeleton appearing to emerge from the screen and sliding along a wire in the theatre. For The Tingler (1959), theatre seats were wired with electric buzzers in a process called "Percepto." Homicidal 1961) offered a "fright break" near the end of the film, where viewers who were afraid to see the climax could go out and get their money back. For Mr. Sardonicus (1961), there was a "punishment poll," offering viewers to vote "thumbs up" or "thumbs down," by means of a card handed to them, on whether the title character should live or die. Reportedly, no audience ever voted to spare the villain, and it was widely believed that only one ending had actually been filmed. Mr. Castle died on May 31, 1977 at the age of 63.

Phil Watson. Canadian hockey player and coach. Mr. Watson, a centre, played with the New York Rangers (1935-43, 1944-48) and Montreal Canadiens (1943-44), scoring 409 points (144 goals, 265 assists) in 509 regular season games. He scored 45 points (10 goals, 25 assists) in 54 playoff games, and was a member of Stanley Cup[ championship teams in 1940 and 1944. Mr. Watson was a Second Team All-Star in 1941-42, when he scored 15 goals and 37 assists in 48 games. Mr. Watson coached the Rangers from 1955-1959, leading them into the playoffs in each of his first three seasons. He was fired after the first 15 games of the 1959-60 season. Mr. Watson coached the Boston Bruins to a sixth and last-place finish in 1961-62, and was fired after the first 14 games of the 1962-63 season. He came back a decade later to coach the Philadelphia Blazers of the World Hockey Association in 1972-73 and led them into the playoffs, but they were eliminated in the first round. The team then moved to Vancouver, and Mr. Watson was fired after 12 games of the 1973-74 season. He died on February 1, 1991 at the age of 76.

Science
The Franck–Hertz experiment, the first electrical measurement to clearly show the quantum nature of atoms, was presented to the German Physical Society in a paper by James Franck and Gustav Hertz.

90 years ago
1924


Died on this date
G. Stanley Hall, 80
. U.S. psychologist. Dr. Hall, who specialized in the study of childhood development, was the first person in the United States to earn a doctorate in psychology, and was the first president of the American Psychological Association. He was greatly influenced by Charles Darwin's theory of evolution and Ernst Haeckel's recapitulation theory, and advocated racial eugenics, selective breeding, and forced sterilization.

70 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Dentist Who Used Wolves' Bane

War
U.S. troops advanced more than a mile on the east flank of the Anzio beachhead in Italy, reaching a point two miles from the vital Appian Way southeast of Cisterna. Japanese forces began a new spring offensive in the Chinese province of Anwhei. U.S. Selective Service Director Lewis Hershey said that large numbers of the 3.6 million rejected registrants aged 18-36 years would be re-examined.

World events
The United Kingdom announced a ban on overseas travel effective April 28 except on business of national importance.

60 years ago
1954


Hit Parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): That's Amore--Dean Martin (2nd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Wanted--Perry Como (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); Make Love to Me--Jo Stafford (Jukebox--7th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Wanted--Perry Como (3rd week at #1)
2 I Get So Lonely (When I Dream About You)--The Four Knights
3 Young at Heart--Frank Sinatra
4 Make Love to Me--Jo Stafford
5 Secret Love--Doris Day
6 Cross Over the Bridge--Patti Page
7 Answer Me, My Love--Nat "King" Cole
8 A Girl, A Girl (Zoom-Ba Di Alli Nella)--Eddie Fisher
9 Here--Tony Martin
10 The Man with the Banjo--The Ames Brothers

Singles entering the chart were Alone Too Long by Nat "King" Cole (#21); Dream, Dream, Dream by Sunny Gale (#22); The Happy Wanderer, with versions by Frank Weir and his Orchestra and Henri Rene's Musette (#23); My Sin by Georgia Gibbs (#27); Goin' Like Wild Fire by Jo Stafford and Frankie Laine (#38); Somewhere There is Someone by Lou Monte (#40); Face to Face by Gordon MacRae (#42); Big Noise from Winnetka by Ralph Marterie and his Orchestra (#46); and Beer Barrel Polka by Liberace (#47). Alone Too Long was the B-side (or maybe the A-side) of It Happens to Be Me, which charted at #32.

World events
British security forces in Kenya rounded up more than 10,000 Mau Mau rebels.

Boxing
Willie Wilson (19-2) won a 5-round unanimous decision over Ed Sanders (3-1) in a heavyweight bout at Boston Garden.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Can't Buy Me Love--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 All My Loving--The Beatles (7th week at #1)
2 Bits and Pieces--The Dave Clark Five
3 Twist and Shout--The Beatles
4 Don't Let the Rain Come Down (Crooked Little Man)--The Serendipity Singers
5 Kissin' Cousins--Elvis Presley
6 This Boy--The Beatles
7 Kiss Me Quick--Elvis Presley
8 You're Not a Goody Goody--Bobby Curtola
9 Can't Buy Me Love--The Beatles
10 Glad All Over--The Dave Clark Five
Pick hit of the week: Kiss Me Quick--Elvis Presley
New this week: Kiss Me Quick--Vik Armen
All I Do is Dream of You--Chris Crosby
Caravan--Perez Prado and his Orchestra
Candy Man--Brian Poole and the Tremeloes
I Am Woman--Barbra Streisand
It's an Open Secret--The Jay Strings

On television tonight
Twilight Zone, hosted by Rod Serling, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Stopover in a Quiet Town, starring Barry Nelson and Nancy Malone

The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Ordeal of Mrs. Snow, starring Patricia Collinge, Jessica Walter, Don Chastain, and George Macready

Politics and government
Quebec Creditiste Members of Parliament Gérard Girouard and Gérard Ouellet defected to the Progressive Conservative Party.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Boston 98 @ San Francisco 95 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-1)

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Waterloo--ABBA

Died on this date
Bud Abbott, 78
. U.S. comedian. Mr. Abbott was the straight man with Lou Costello in the Abbott and Costello comedy team, popular on radio and in movies and television in the the 1940s and 1950s. They began in burlesque, where they honed their skit, "Who's on First?," which became their best-known skit, and one of the most famous comedy skits in history. Abbott and Costello formally dissolved their partnership in 1957. Mr. Abbott suffered from poor health in later years and battles with the U.S. government over back taxes.

Crime
U.S. newspaper heiress Patty Hearst, who had been held hostage by the Symbionese Liberation Army terrorist group since being kidnapped from her Berkeley, California apartment on February 4, denied, via a tape-recorded message, that she had been coerced to participate in the April 15 robbery of a bank in San Francisco. A U.S. federal warrant was issued for her arrest as a material witness in the robbery.

Basketball
NBA
Semi-Finals
Eastern Conference
New York 94 @ Boston 105 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-1)

John Havlicek scored 33 points as the Celtics eliminated the defending champion Knickerbockers before 15,320 fans at Boston Garden. Phil Jackson led New York with 27 points, and Walt Frazier added 23. The Knicks were suffering from injuries to stars Dave DeBusschere--who scored just 2 points in the final game--and Willis Reed, who was unable to play in the final game because of a knee injury and retired after the season.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): 99 Luftballons--Nena (4th week at #1)

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.2% in March.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference Finals
Montreal 3 @ New York Islanders 0 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Clarence S. Campbell Conference Finals
Minnesota 1 @ Edmonton 7 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 1-0)

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Like a Prayer--Madonna (7th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM):
1 Like a Prayer--Madonna
2 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
3 The Look--Roxette
4 Eternal Flame--Bangles
5 The Living Years--Mike + the Mechanics
6 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
7 Walk the Dinosaur--Was (Not Was)
8 Stand--R.E.M.
9 Lost in Your Eyes--Debbie Gibson
10 Diamond Mine--Blue Rodeo

Singles entering the chart included Seeing is Believing by Mike + the Mechanics (#82); Nineteen Forever by Joe Jackson (#86); Every Little Step by Bobby Brown (#90); Thinking of You by Sa-Fire (#91); Miss You Like Crazy by Natalie Cole (#93); Cult of Personality by Living Colour (#94); and Round & Round by New Order (#96).

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Without You--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (2nd week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 5 @ New York Islanders 2 (Rangers won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Toronto 3 @ Chicago 4 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Dallas 2 @ St. Louis 1 (Dallas won best-of-seven series 4-0)

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Estée Lauder, 97
. U.S. cosmetics magnate. Mrs. Lauder, with her husband Joseph, founded Estee Lauder Companies in New York City in 1946.

Diplomacy
The United States lifted economic sanctions imposed on Libya 18 years previously, as a reward for its cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction.

About 75% of Greek Cypriots voted to reject the United Nations plan to reunify the divided island nation, while 65% of Turkish Cypriots voted in favour of the plan.

April 23, 2014

1,000 years ago
1014


Died on this date
Brian Boru, 73 (?)
. High King of Ireland, 1002-1014. Brian became High King of Ireland upon the surrender of Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill. He was killed in the Battle of Clontarf, just north of Dublin, although there are conflicting reports about the actual cause of death. Upon Brian's death, Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill was restored to the throne.

450 years ago
1564


Born on this date
William Shakespeare
. English playwright and poet. Mr. Shakespeare, the most famous playwright in history, was born in Stratford-upon-Avon. It's not certain that he was born on April 23 (he was baptized on April 26), but since he died on April 23, 1616, and April 23 is St. George's Day, it's a tradition to celebrate Mr. Shakespeare's birthday on that date.

225 years ago
1789


Americana
President-elect George Washington and his wife Martha moved into the first executive mansion, the Franklin House in New York City.

90 years ago
1924


Britannica
King George V opened the Empire Exhibition at Wembley, London. The radio broadcast of the event was heard in Canada.

75 years ago
1939


Baseball
Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox batted 4 for 5 and hit his first major league home run, off Bud Thomas of the Philadelphia Athletics. The Athletics won 12-8.

70 years ago
1944


War
Operation Persecution resulted in Allied occupation of the Hollandia area of New Guinea. U.S. forces occupied Ujelang Atoll of the Marshall Islands. German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler and deposed Italian dictator Benito Mussolini concluded two days of conferences at Mr. Hitler's headquarters and reached "un shakeable decision...to bring the war against the Bolshevists...the Jews...and the plutocrats...to a successful conclusion."

Politics and government
Greek Prime Minister-in-exile Sofoklis Venizelos resigned, and King George II of the U.K. asked George Papandreou to form a new government. The Greek government was in exile in England during the Nazi occupation of Greece in World War II.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I See the Moon--The Stargazers (6th week at #1)

Baseball
Hank Aaron of the Milwaukee Braves hit his first major league home run, off Vic Raschi of the St. Louis Cardinals at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. The Braves won 7-5 in 14 innings. Rookie St. Louis outfielder Wally Moon batted 5 for 5.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Twist and Shout--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): A World Without Love--Peter and Gordon

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 4 @ Detroit 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Bobby Baun, who had been taken off the ice with a suspected leg fracture in the 3rd period, returned to score the winning goal at 1:43 of the 1st overtime period as the Maple Leafs edged the Red Wings at Olympia Stadium. Bob Pulford scored 2 goals for Toronto, and Billy Harris also scored for the Maple Leafs. Paul Henderson, Pit Martin, and Gordie Howe scored for Detroit.

Baseball
Ken Johnson of the Houston Colt .45s became the first major league pitcher to pitch a 9-inning no-hitter and lose the game. With 1 out in the top of the 9th inning, Mr. Johnson made a throwing error on a ground ball by Pete Rose, enabling Mr. Rose to reach second base. Mr. Rose went to third on a ground out by Chico Ruiz, and scored the game's only run when Houston second baseman Nellie Fox made an error on a ground ball hit by Vada Pinson, as Mr. Johnson and the Colt .45s lost 1-0 to the Cincinnati Reds before 5,246 fans at Colt Stadium. Winning pitcher Joe Nuxhall allowed 5 hits in going the distance for the shutout.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Quelque chose et moi--Gérard Lenorman (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Cy Williams, 85
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Williams was an outfielder with the Chicago Cubs (1912-1917) and Philadelphia Phillies (1918-1930), batting .292 with 251 home runs and 1,005 runs batted in in 2,002 games. He tied for the National League lead in home runs (12) in 1916, and led in 1920 (15) and 1923 (41), tying for the lead again with 30 in 1927. Mr. Williams was a lefthanded batter whose swing was suited to the short distance to the right field fence in Philadelphia's Baker Bowl. Opposing teams eventually employed the "Williams shift," moving defensive players to the right side of the field when Mr. Williams was at bat. Mr. Williams was the first National League player to hit 200 career home runs.

Politics and government
Israel's governing Labour Party chose Itzkak Rabin, commander of Israeli forces in the Six-Day War in 1967, to form a new coalition government, 13 days after the resignation of Golda Meir as Prime Minister.

Environment
The Ontario Ministry of the Environment temporarily closed the Falconbridge Nickel mine in Sudbury, as the air pollution index reached 102. It was the first industrial closure in Ontario for this reason.

Scandal
U.S. Representative Shirley Chisholm (Democrat--New York) was virtually absolved by the U.S. Justice Department of charges that she and her campaign committee had misused funds in her 1972 campaign for the Democratic party nomination for President of the United States. The charges of violations of the federal disclosure law had been brought in the fall of 1973 by the U.S. General Accounting Office.

Disasters
All 107 people aboard a Pan Am Boeing 707 jet were killed when it crashed in the mountainous regions of Bali in Indonesia.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 2 @ Philadelphia 5 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Boston 3 @ Chicago 4 (OT) (Chicago led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Ross Lonsberry assisted on a goal in the 1st period and scored 2 goals and an assist in the 3rd period as the Flyers defeated the Rangers before 17,007 fans at the Spectrum. Bobby Clarke, Ed Van Impe, and Rick MacLeish scored the other Philadelphia goals. Jack Egers and Brad Park scored for New York. Bernie Parent won the goaltending duel over Ed Giacomin, who was briefly replaced by Gilles Villemure. Mr. Villemure was in goal for just a few seconds before play was stopped again, and Mr. Giacomin returned to action. For Mr. Villemure, it was his only playing time of the 1974 playoffs.

Jim Pappin scored at 3:48 of the 1st overtime period to give the Black Hawks their win over the Flyers before 16,666 fans at Chicago Stadium. The Bruins led 3-1 until Stan MIkita, who had assisted on Bill White's goal in the 2nd period, scored with 8:22 remaining in the 3rd period to make the score 3-2 and scored the tying goal with 42 seconds left in regulation time. Carol Vadnais, Gregg Sheppard, and Ken Hodge scored for Boston.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): 99 Luftballons--Nena (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Thriller--Michael Jackson (10th week at #1)

Medicine
U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Margaret Heckler announced that federal resaerchers had identifed HTLV-3 as the virus that caused Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), and had developed a test that could reliably detect it in blood donated for various uses, including the treatment of hemophilia. The researchers thought that a vaccine would be ready for testing within two years.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Like a Prayer--Madonna (4th week at #1)

Scandal
The Roman Catholic Church in Newfoundland set up a five-member panel to inquire into the sexual abuse of children during the 1970's at the Mount Cashel Orphanage in St. John's.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Montreal 2 @ Boston 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Basketball
NBA
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar of the Los Angeles Lakers, the league's career scoring leader, played his final regular season game, scoring 10 points as the Lakers defeated the Seattle SuperSonics 121-117 at the Forum in Inglewood, California. It was Mr. Abdul-Jabbar's 1,560th league game, and his teammates gave him a white Rolls-Royce.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Power of Love--Celine Dion

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Without You--Mariah Carey

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sister Golden Hair--Spanic

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bump N' Grind--R. Kelly (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box):
1 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)
2 The Sign--Ace of Base
3 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
4 Without You/Never Forget You--Mariah Carey
5 Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
6 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
7 So Much in Love--All-4-One
8 Whatta Man--Salt-N-Pepa with En Vogue
9 Now and Forever--Richard Marx
10 Return to Innocence--Enigma

Singles entering the chart were Never Forget You; Misled by Celine Dion (#64); I Swear by All-4-One (#74); I Wish by Gabrielle (#76); Stay (I Missed You) by Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories (#84); Anything by SWV (#87); Regulate by Warren G. and Nate Dogg (#88); and Low by Cracker (#89).

War
Serb forces in Bosnia began to pull back from the Muslim enclave of Gorazde, even while continuing to shell the town.

Defense
Admiral Jeremy Boorda formally succeeded Admiral Frank Kelso as U.S. Chief of Naval Operations. Adm. Kelso had opted for early retirement as a result of the scandal surrounding the 1991 Tailhook convention in Las Vegas, where female Navy personnel accused male personnel of sexual assault and harassment. The law required that the United States Senate approve of Adm. Kelso's retirement with a 4-star rank, and on April 19, the Senate had voted 54-43 to approve Adm. Kelso's 4-star rank.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Pittsburgh 1 @ Washington 4 (Washington led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Boston 2 @ Montreal 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Toronto 4 @ Chicago 5 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-1)

10 years ago
2004


Diplomacy
The United States and Libya resumed diplomatic relations.