225 years ago
Politics and government
On the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City, George Washington took the oath of office to become the 1st President of the United States.
120 years ago
Coxey's Army, a march of unemployed men led by Ohio businessman Jacob Coxey to protest the unemployment caused by the Panic of 1893, reached Washington, D.C., 36 days after leaving Massillon, Ohio.
110 years ago
The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World's Fair opened in St. Louis, Missouri. U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt wasn't there in person, but opened the fair via telegraph. John Philip Sousa and his band played at the fair on opening day.
75 years ago
On television today
U.S. commercial television made its official debut as NBC broadcast U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's ceremonial address at the opening of the World’s Fair in New York City. The signal was transmitted from the Empire State Building.
The 1939-1940 World's Fair opened in New York City.
The Washington Nationals scored 3 runs in the top of the 8th inning, 2 on a single by Buddy Lewis, as they edged the New York Yankees 3-2 before 23,712 fans at Yankee Stadium. Joe Krakauskas started on the mound for Washington and allowed just 4 hits and 1 run, earned, in 7 innings. He was removed for a pinch hitter with the Nationals trailing 1-0, but became the winning pitcher as a result of the 8th-inning rally. Oral Hildebrand started on the mound for New York and allowed 11 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 8 innings in taking the loss. New York first baseman Lou Gehrig played his 2,130th consecutive game, batting 0 for 4 and making 7 putouts and 2 assists. For the Iron Horse, it turned out to be his last game.
70 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You'll Never Know--Vera Lynn and Joe Loss (3rd month at #1)
About 3,000 Allied planes attacked Nazi targets in France. Soviet planes made a mass raid on the old Polish fortress city of Brest-Litovsk. The U.K. reached an agreement with Yugoslavian dictator Marshal Tito permitting cooperation between the two nations' air forces.
Phil Weintraub batted 4 for 5 with a home run, triple, and 2 doubles, and batted in 11 runs, as the New York Giants routed the Brooklyn Dodgers 26-8 in the first game of a doubleheader before 58,068 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. New York catcher Ernie Lombardi batted 3 for 5 with 2 doubles and 7 RBIs. The Giants had 18 hits, while 5 Brooklyn pitchers combined to issue 17 bases on balls. Rube Melton started for the Dodgers and took the loss, lasting just 1 inning, while Cliff Melton started for the Giants and lasted just 3 1/3 innings. Harry Feldman pitched the final 5 2/3 innings for New York to get the win. Tommy Warren, the final pitcher used by the Dodgers, pitched 5 innings, giving up 15 runs--11 earned--on 13 hits and 6 bases on balls, while recording 2 strikeouts. Perhaps the game's most amazing statistic is that it ws completed in just 2 hours and 58 minutes; a game like that in 2014 would take at least 2 hours longer. The Dodgers won the second game 5-4 when it was called after 7 innings because of darkness.
60 years ago
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Wir Wir Wir Haben Ein Klavier--Die Zehn Whiskys (2nd month at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Such a Night--Johnnie Ray
At the movies
River of No Return, starring Robert Mitchum and Marilyn Monroe, opened in theatres. The movie was filmed in Jasper and Banff National Parks in Alberta.
50 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: Little Children--Billy J. Kramer with the Dakotas
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): A World Without Love--Peter and Gordon (2nd week at #1)
40 years ago
#1 single in France: Waterloo--ABBA
Died on this date
Agnes Moorehead, 73. U.S. actress. Miss Moorehead was a member of Orson Welles' Mercury Players, and performed in the Mercury Theatre's radio programs and films, making her movie debut in Citizen Kane (1941). She earned a reputation as a great radio actress, appearing in more episodes of Suspense than any other performer, including seven different performances of Sorry, Wrong Number. Miss Moorehead was best known for her supporting performance as Endora in the television comedy series Bewitched (1964-1972). She died of cancer, and was one of the first people to have connected it with her appearance in the movie The Conqueror (1956).
Politics and government
Ralph Steinhauer was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. The former chief of the Saddle Lake Indian band became the first aboriginal Canadian named to a viceregal position.
1,200 pages of edited transcripts of White House conversations related to the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and the subsequent cover-up were released. The transcripts were liberally sprinkled with words rendered "unintelligible;" "inaudible;" and "expletive deleted."
New York Rangers 1 @ Philadelphia 4 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Boston 4 @ Chicago 2 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Rick MacLeish scored the winning goal with 2:51 remaining in the 2nd period and scored into an empty net with 33 seconds remaining in the game as the Flyers beat the Rangers before 17,007 fans at the Spectrum. Tom Bladon scored for Philadelphia in the 2nd period and Simon Nolet scored his first goal of the 1974 playoffs in the 3rd period. Pete Stemkowski scored to give New York a 1-0 lead after the 1st period.
Gregg Sheppard scored with 1:49 remaining in regulation time and Phil Esposito scored 33 seconds later as the Bruins eliminated the Black Hawks before 16,666 fans at Chicago Stadium. Mr. Sheppard's goal caromed into the net off the skates of Chicago goalie Tony Esposito. Cliff Koroll scored to give the Black Hawks a 1-0 lead after the 1st period, but Don Marcotte scored twice within 4 minutes and 6 seconds in the 2nd period to give the Bruins a 2-1 lead. Len Frig scored for the Black Hawks in the 3rd period to tie the game 2-2.
Avco World Trophy
Toronto 7 @ Chicago 6 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
The Toros scored 2 goals in the 1st period and 5 in the 2nd and hung on to edge the Cougars before 2,648 fans at Randhurst Twin Ice Arena in Mount Prospect, Illinois. Guy Trottier led the Toros with 3 goals and an assist; other Toronto goals were scored by Wayne Carleton, Tom Simpson, Bob Leduc, and Rick Sentes. Larry Mavety, Rosaire Paiement, Jim Benzelock, Jan Popiel, Rick Morris, and Bob Liddington scored for the Cougars.
Boston 96 @ Milwaukee 105 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar scored 36 points and Bob Dandridge added 24 as the Bucks defeated the Celtics before 10,938 fans at Milwaukee Arena. Milwaukee outscored Boston 32-17 in the 2nd quarter to take a 55-41 halftime lead, but the Celtics outscored the Bucks 24-13 in the 4th quarter to tie the game 90-90 at the end of regulation time. Jo Jo White led the Celtics with 25 points.
Utah 85 @ New York 89 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Julius Erving scored 47 points to lead the Nets to their win over the Stars before 13,740 fans at Nassau County Coliseum in Uniondale. Jimmy Jones led the Stars with 25 points and Willie Wise added 20.
The California Angels scored 11 runs in the first 4 innings and coasted to a 16-6 win over the Boston Red Sox before 7,395 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. California second baseman Denny Doyle had perhaps the best game of his career, batting 5 for 6 with 2 runs scored and 2 runs batted in. Third baseman Bob Oliver batted 3 for 5 with a double and triple and 4 RBIs. Winning pitcher Nolan Ryan pitched a complete game for the victory despite giving up 6 earned runs. He allowed 6 hits and 7 bases on balls, striking out 15 batters. Reggie Cleveland started on the mound for the Red Sox and took the loss, allowing 9 hits, 4 bases on balls, and 9 runs--8 earned--in 3 1/3 innings. Boston second baseman Doug Griffin, who was leading the team in hitting with a .347 average in 21 games, was beaned above the left ear and knocked unconscious in his first time at bat, in the 1st inning. He wasn't wearing an earflap on his helmet, and the beaning led to criticism of the rule that said that players who were in the major leagues prior to 1973 didn't have to wear a batting helmet with an earflap.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): 99 Luftballons--Nena (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Thriller--Michael Jackson (11th week at #1)
Diplomatic relations between the United Kingdom and Libya officially ended, 13 days after British police officer Yvonne Fletcher had been killed by gunfire from the Libyan embassy in London, and three says after personnel from the nations' respective embassies had returned home.
U.S. President Ronald Reagan continued his visit to China, and he or his aides signed agreements with Chinese representatives that would guarantee against double taxation for American corporations operating in China; provide for new exchanges of cutural programs; and enable American companies to help build Chinese nuclear reactors. Mr. and Mrs. Reagan visited the ancient capital of Xian, where archaeologists in recent years had unearthed thousands of terra-cotta figures of soldiers at the tomb of China's first emperor.
Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the Index of Leading Economic Indicators had declined 1.1% in March.
25 years ago
#1 single in Switzerland: Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff
Died on this date
Sergio Leone, 60. Italian film director. Mr. Leone became known for his "Spaghetti Westerns," notably the trilogy of Fistful of Dollars (1964); For a Few Dollars More (1965); and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966). He followed these movies with Once Upon a Time in the West (1969) and Once Upon a Time in America (1984).
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl met in West Germany for talks, with Mr. Kohl urging talks with the U.S.S.R. aimed at producing cuts in the number of short-range missiles, and Mrs. Thatcher reiterating her opposition to such talks. Mrs. Thatcher and U.S. President George Bush supported modernization of the arsenal of U.S. short-range missiles based in West Germany.
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Sign--Ace of Base
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Without You--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sister Golden Hair--Spanic (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bump N' Grind--R. Kelly (4th week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box):
1 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (2nd week at #1)
2 Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
3 The Sign--Ace of Base
4 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
5 Without You/Never Forget You--Mariah Carey
6 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
7 So Much in Love--All-4-One
8 I'm Ready--Tevin Campbell
8 Whatta Man--Salt-N-Pepa with En Vogue
9 Return to Innocence--Enigma
10 I'll Remember--Madonna
Singles entering the chart were Objects in the Rear View Mirror May Appear Closer than They Are by Meat Loaf (#81); Leavin' by Tony Toni Tone (#86); and Feenin' by Jodeci (#87).
Died on this date
Richard Scarry, 74. U.S. author. Mr. Scarry was an author and/or illustrator of more than 300 books for children from 1949 until his death.
Roland Ratzenberger, 33. Austrian auto racing driver. Mr. Ratzenberger, a rookie on the Formula One circuit, was killed in a crash during the qualifying session for the San Marino Grand Prix at Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari outside Imola, Italy.
Bruce Baumgartner, the most decorated American wrestler in history, won his 15th national heavyweight title at the United States championships in Las Vegas. It was his 12th straight championship, and he went on to win again in 1995 and 1996.
Vancouver 4 @ Calgary 3 (2 OT) (Vancouver won best-of-seven series 4-3)
10 years ago
A bill imposing restrictions on media was pushed through the Italian parliament by the government of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, leading the president of the country's state-run broadcasting network to resign in protest.
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