Monday, 26 June 2017

June 26, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Stover!

200 years ago
1817


Born on this date
Branwell Brontë
. U.K. painter and writer. Mr. Brontë, the brother of authors Charlotte, Emily, and Anne Brontë, painted portraits while trying to sell poems and translations. He became a drunkard and drug addict, leading to his death from tuberculosis at the age of 31 on September 24, 1848.

160 years ago
1857


War
The first Victoria Cross ceremony was held at Hyde Park in London, with Queen Victoria investing 62 of the 111 Crimean War recipients.

Disasters
The steamship Montreal caught fire and sank in 15 minutes in the St. Lawrence River near Cap Rouge, Québec; 253 lives were lost, mostly Scottish and Norwegian immigrants on their way to the west. The vessel, which had left Quebec City at 5 P.M. the previous day, had previously caught fire three times, and the crew were slow to respond to the blaze.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Pearl S. Buck
. U.S. author. Mrs. Buck spent most of her early years as the daughter of Presbyterian missionaries in China, and was best known for her novel The Good Earth, which won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1932. She was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Literature "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces." Mrs. Buck died on March 6, 1973 at the age of 80.

100 years ago
1917


War
The first troops of the American Expeditionary Force arrived in France during World War I.

Politics and government
Premier William Martin led his Liberal Party to a fourth consecutive majority in the Saskatchewan provincial election, taking 51 of 62 seats in the Legislative Assembly. The Liberal total was an increase of 5 from the most recent election in 1912. The Conservatives, led by Wellington Willoughby, remained with 7 seats, while independent candidate Davis Sykes was elected in Swift Current. Three representatives were elected by soldiers-at-large to represent them. The number of ridings was increased to 62 from 53 in 1912.

90 years ago
1927


Americana
The Cyclone roller coaster opened at Luna Park in Coney Island, New York.

75 years ago
1942


War
More than 1,000 British Royal Air Force bombers raided Bremen, Germany for 75 minutes. Three Axis armoured columns drove on Matruh inthe north and Qattara in the south on the Egyptian front. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that during May the Untied States had produced nearly 4,000 planes, over 1,500 tanks, nearly 2,000 artillery and anti-tank guns, and over 100,000 machine guns. The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Roosevelt an $8,550-billion naval expansion bill. U.S. authorities announced the removal of 550 natives from the Pribilot Islands in the Bering Sea and Atka Island in the Aleutians to points in southern Alaska. Japanese bombers and fighters bombed the airfield at Port Moresby, New Guinea, but caused little damage.

Defense
The U.S. fighter plane Grumman F6F Hellcat made its first flight.

Economics and finance
The U.S. National Association of Manufacturers presented a nine-point postwar program denying that "a postwar depression" and "fundamental changes in the social order are inevitable."

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
R.B. Bennett, 76
. Prime Minister of Canada, 1930-1935. Mr. Bennett, a native of Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick, was a teacher before he moved to Calgary in 1897 and made his name as a lawyer. A Conservative, Mr. Bennett entered politics at the territorial level, being elected to the Legislative Assembly of the North-West Territories in 1898, and remaining in provincial politics after Alberta became a province in 1905, becoming leader of the Alberta Conservative Party. He was first elected to the Canadian House of Commons in 1911, and was in and out of Parliament until winning the leadership of the federal Conservative Party in 1927. Mr. Bennett led the Conservatives to an overwhelming victory in 1930, unseating the governing Liberals of Prime Minister Mackenzie King, but was unable to lift the country from the miseries of the Depression. In 1935 he attempted his own version of U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal, but voters in that year's federal election opted to return Mr. King's Liberals to power. Mr. Bennett retired from Canadian politics in 1938 and accepted a peerage, entering the British House of Lords as Viscount Bennett of Mickleham, Calgary, and Hopewell. He died of a heart attack in his bathtub a week before his 77th birthday. Viscount Bennett High School in Calgary is named in his honour.

Politics and government
A U.S. federal court in Washington, D.C. denied a probation plea from Boston Mayor James Curley, forcing him to begin a 6-8 month prison term in Danbury, Connecticut. The Massachusetts legislature named City Clerk John Hynes as acting Mayor of Boston.

Communist Party U.S.A. Secretary Eugene Dennis was convicted in a U.S. federal court in Washington of contempt of Congress, and posted a $10,000 appeal bond.

Economics and finance
The Mexican government announced a national development program aimed at creating new industrial centres.

U.S. President Harry Truman vetoed a congressional wool price bill, claiming that its tariff restrictions "would have an adverse effect on our international relations."

Labour
American Federation of Labor President William Green called the Taft-Hartley Act a "tragic mistake," but dismissed proposals for a general strike against the new law. U.S. Chamber of Commerce President Earl Shreve threatened to press for still more labour legislation.

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
Malcolm Lowry, 47
. U.K. author and poet. Mr. Lowry was best known for the novel Under the Volcano (1947). He spent some time in Vancouver, British Columbia during World War II, but eventually returned to England, where he drank himself to death just over a month before his 48th birthday.

War
The Israeli Foreign Ministry rejected Egyptian requests for reactivation of the Israeli-Egyptian Mixed Armistice Commission, on the grounds that the 1949 Israeli-Egyptian armistice was "dead and buried."

Defense
U.S. disarmament negotiator Harold Stassen presented a U.S. plan for reduction of non-nuclear armaments by the U.S., U.K., France, and U.S.S.R.

U.S. rocket scientist Wernher von Braun claimed that the U.S. Army had the best long-range missile in the world and that the Army's intermediate-range Jupiter was "far superior" to the Air Force's intermediate-range Thor.

Diplomacy
The two-week Commonwealth Prime Ministers' conference opened in London, England; John Diefenbaker represented Canada, just five days after taking office as Prime Minister.

Politics and government
People's Republic of China Premier Chou En-lai, addressing the opening session of the National People's Congress in Peking, warned that non-Communists would be classified as "enemies of the people" if they persisted in criticism of the government.

Oil
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formed a cabinet committee headed by Commerce Secretary Sinclair Weeks to examine the threat to national security posed by increasing oil exports.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Marionetas en la Cuerda (Puppet on a String)--Sandie Shaw (7th week at #1)

On television tonight
Coronet Blue, starring Frank Converse, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Tomoyo

This was the episode scheduled to be shown this night, but it was the second of two episodes that were pre-empted and never broadcast.

Died on this date
Françoise Dorléac, 25
. French actress. Miss Dorléac, the elder sister of Catherine Deneuve, appeared with her sister in the movie Les demoiselles de Rochefort (The Young Girls of Rochefort) (1967), and also appeared in films such as Cul-de-sac (1966) and Billion Dollar Brain (1967). Miss Dorléac was killed in a car accident.

Religion
Pope Paul VI appointed 27 new cardinals, including Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: It Doesn't Matter Anymore--Mark Williams (4th week at #1)

Music
Elvis Presley performed at Market Square Arena in Indianapolis in what proved to be his final concert.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Edmonton (2-0) 18 @ Montreal (0-2) 16

Dave Cutler's field goal on the last play of the game gave the Eskimos their win over the Alouettes at Olympic Stadium.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (3rd week at #1)

Economics and finance
The Central Committee of the U.S.S.R.’s Communist Party endorsed Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev’s economic reforms and elevated three of his allies to full membership in the Politburo. Mr. Gorbachev had addressed the committee the previous day, calling for a “radical reorganization of economic management” by the end of the 1980s. He had endorsed competition for state-owned enterprises; reduced central control over pricing and distribution of goods; and more decision-making by local party organizations.

Politics and government
The United States Senate voted 84-2 in favour of a resolution calling for free elections in Panama.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-1) 32 @ Ottawa (1-0) 36

The Rough Riders held off a late challenge from the defending Grey Cup champion Tiger-Cats to give Fred Glick a win in his first regular season game as a CFL head coach. Ottawa receiver Carl Williams caught 3 passes for 82 yards, including a 47-yard touchdown in what turned out to be his only CFL game. He was cut before the next game, and never played in the league again.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Buddy Rogers, 71
. U.S. wrestler. Mr. Rogers, born Herman Gustav Rohde, Jr., was nicknamed "Nature Boy," and was one of the most popular figures in professional wrestling in the 1950s and '60s. He was world heavyweight champion of both the National Wrestling Alliance (1961-1963) and World Wide Wrestling Federation (1963). Mr. Rogers died after several strokes.

Scandal
Lawrence Garrett resigned as U.S. Secretary of the Navy, saying that he accepted “full responsibility” for the Tailhook scandal. In September 1991 members of the Tailhook Association, a private organization of Navy and Marine Corps fliers, had held their convention at a hotel in Las Vegas. After complaints from women, two Navy investigations concluded that 26 women, including 14 military officers, had been abused at the convention, which had included heavy drinking and entertainment by nude dancers. An admiral was relieved of command for ignoring a complaint. In June it was revealed that Mr. Garrett had been nearby at the time of the misconduct. On the day of Mr. Garrett’s resignation, Navy Lieutenant Paula Coughlin, who claimed to have been assaulted by 20 or more men, met with U.S. President George Bush.

Labour
U.S. President George Bush signed legislation ordering an end to the two-day-old strike of International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers against the freight rail company CSX Transportation, Inc. Other freight railroads had shut down operations, and Amtrak passenger trains had been halted where their trains used the freight rails. The United States Congress passed back-to-work legislation on June 25 that provided for a 38-day period for negotiations.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-0) 33 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 11

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): MMMBop--Hanson (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Bailando--Paradisio

Died on this date
Don Hutson, 84
. U.S. football player. Mr. Hutson was a split end and kicker with the University of Alabama Crimson Tide (1932-1934) and Green Bay Packers (1935-1945), and was credited with being the first "modern" receiver in professional football. He caught 488 passes for 7,991 yards and 99 touchdowns in 116 regular season games, while returning 30 interceptions for 389 yards and 1 touchdown. Mr. Hutson scored 825 points on 100 touchdowns, 172 extra points, 7 field goals, and a safety touch. He was a First-team All-Pro eight times, and was named the National Football League's Most Valuable Player in 1941 and 1942, helping the Packers win NFL championships in 1936, 1939, and 1944. Mr. Hutson served as an assistant coach with the Packers from 1944-1948, and was inducted as a charter member in both the College Football Hall of Fame (1951) and Professional Football Hall of Fame (1963).

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Communications Decency Act violated the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (1-0) 24 @ British Columbia (0-1) 23

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Liz Claiborne, 78
. Belgian-born U.S. fashion designer. Miss Claiborne was born to American parents in Brussels but returned to the United States with her family at the age of 10. She was best known for co-founding Liz Claiborne, Inc. in 1976. Miss Claiborne was the first woman to become chief executive officer of a company that made the Fortune 500 list.

Religion
Pope Benedict XVI reinstated the traditional laws of papal election in which a successful candidate must receive two-thirds of the votes.

Politics and government
Former Quebec finance minister Pauline Marois was chosen by acclamation as Parti Québecois leader.

Sunday, 25 June 2017

June 25, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Gail McGonigal!

250 years ago
1767


Died on this date
Georg Philipp Telemann, 86
. German composer. Mr. Telemann incorporated the styles of several nations into his more than 3,000 works, about half of which still exist. His compositions receive so much airplay today that this blogger gets the impression that Mr. Telemann wrote more music than all other composers put together.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Nils Karlsson
. Swedish skier. Mr. Karlsson won 37 medals in Swedish national competition, and won the gold medal in the men's 50-kilometre cross-country event in the 1948 Winter Olympic Games at St. Moritz, Switzerland, and the bronze medal in the same competition at the 1950 World Championships in Lake Placid, New York. He died on June 16, 2012, nine days before his 95th birthday.

90 years ago
1927


Politics and government
Albert Saunders led the Liberal Party to victory over the governing Conservative Party of Premier James Stewart in the Prince Edward Island provincial election. The Liberals captured 24 of the 30 seats in the Legislative Assembly, an increase of 19 from the most recent election in 1923; the Conservatives dropped from 25 to 6.

Society
Along with electing a legislature, voters in Prince Edward Island voted to continue prohibition of alcoholic beverages, rather than resort to government control, as in other provinces.

80 years ago
1937


Died on this date
Colin Clive, 37
. U.K. actor. Mr. Clive, born Colin Clive-Greig, was best known for his starring roles in the play (1929) and film (1930) Journey's End, and for playing Dr. Frankenstein in the movies Frankenstein (1931) and Bride of Frankenstein (1935). He was a descendant of military leader Robert Clive, and had a feature role in the movie Clive of India (1935). Colin Clive was a drunkard who died of tuberculosis.

75 years ago
1942


War
The U.S. Office of Censorship revised the Code of Wartime Practices, placing further restrictions on reports of ship movements, cargoes, or air raids, and diplomatic moves or negotiations. Major General Dwight D. Eisenhower was appointed head of the nerwly-established European theatre of operations for U.S. forces. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's forces drove 60 miles inside Egypt to a point southeast of Sidi Barrani. U.S.S.R. Red Army troops withdrew from Kupyansk, a railway junction on the Oskol River southeast of Kharkov.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill conferred in Washington with the Pacific War Council.

With only its two Communist Party members voting no, the Chilean Senate voted to continue a foreign policy of maintaining diplomatic relations with the Axis.

U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle announced that all persons representing foreign principals must register with the Justice Department by July 9, 1942.

Japanica
The Japanese government announced that Kiska would now be called Narukani Island, and Attu would be called Atitu.

Religion
Dr. William B. Pugh said that the committee which had studied the proposal to merge the Presbyterian and Protestant Episcopal Churches had reached an accord on the basic principles of union of the two American denominations.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Jimmy Doyle, 22
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Doyle, born James Delaney, began as a lightweight, eventually moving up to the welterweight and middleweight divisions. He compiled a record of 42-7-3-1 in a professional career that began in 1941 and ended the night before his death, when he challenged Sugar Ray Robinson for the world welterweight title and suffered a technical knockout in the 8th round. 14 months earlier, Mr. Doyle had been hospitalized with a severe head injury after suffering a 9th-round TKO at the hands of Artie Levine.

Literature
The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank was published.

War
Former German SS Colonel Otto Skorzeny went on trial in Dachau on charges of murdering U.S. prisoners during the Battle of the Bulge in late 1944-early 1945.

The Chinese Foreign Office protested to the U.S.S.R. that Soviet obstruction had prevented Chinese government forces from taking control of Dairen and Port Arthur in Manchuria.

Americana
Georgia dedicated former President Franklin D. Roosevelt's "Little White House" in Warm Springs as a state shrine.

Politics and government
A seven-man delegation from Newfoundland met in Ottawa with a Canadian cabinet committee to begin discussions on possible union with Canada.

Economics and finance
U.K. Foreign Secretary Arthur Creech Jones announced the establishment of the Colonial Development Corporation to foster the export trade in Britain's African colonies.

The Bizonal German Economic Council held its first meeting in Frankfurt, as U.K. and U.S. authorities announced plans to create an "exporters' fund" which would aid German firms engaged in foreign trade.

60 years ago
1957


World events
Dispatches from Warsaw reported that former Hungarian Premier Imre Nagy had been returned to Budapest from Romania to stand trial for his role in the 1956 revolt against the government.

Diplomacy
Former Ontario Premier and federal Progressive Conservative party leader George Drew was appointed Canada's High Commissioner to Britain, effective August 1, 1957.

Saudi Arabia recalled her Ambassador to Syria in protest against criticism of King Saud and Jordanian King Hussein by Syrian Defense Minister Khaled el-Azm.

Defense
The Nationalist Chinese government announced a shakeup of its military leadership.

U.S. Army Colonel John Nickerson, Jr., a missile expert, pled guilty to a 15-count charge of violating security rules by divulging missile data to unauthorized persons.

Religion
At ceremonies in Cleveland, the United Church of Christ was formed by the merger of the Congregational Christian Council and the Evangelical and Reformed Church.

50 years ago
1967


On television today
Our World, a cooperative production involving contributions from 19 nations, was broadcast live around the world by satellite. The most memorable segment was from the United Kingdom, where the Beatles performed their new song All You Need is Love.



Diplomacy
The three-day Glassboro Summit Conference in Glassboro, New Jersey between U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and U.S.S.R. Premier Alexei Kosygin concluded.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Amarsi un po'--Lucio Battisti (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Ma Baker--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Ma Baker--Boney M. (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Show You the Way to Go--The Jacksons

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Got to Give it Up Pt. 1--Marvin Gaye

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Gonna Fly Now (Theme from "Rocky")--Bill Conti
2 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
3 Lonely Boy--Andrew Gold
4 Got to Give it Up Pt. 1--Marvin Gaye
5 Feels Like the First Time--Foreigner
6 Jet Airliner--Steve Miller Band
7 Angel in Your Arms--Hot
8 Dreams--Fleetwood Mac
9 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy
10 Heard it in a Love Song--The Marshall Tucker Band

Singles entering the chart were Swayin' to the Music (Slow Dancin') by Johnny Rivers (#78); Something About You by Leblanc & Carr (#83); Baby Don't Change Your Mind by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#85); Platinum Heroes by Bruce Foster (#91); The Doodle Song by Frankie Miller (#92); Smoke from a Distant Fire by the Sanford/Townsend Band (#93); Float On by the Floaters (#94); What's on My Mind by Kansas (#95); It was Almost Like a Song by Ronnie Milsap (#98); This I Swear by Tyrone Davis (#99); and It's a Crazy World by Mac McAnally (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Lucille--Kenny Rogers
2 Dreams--Fleetwood Mac
3 Angel in Your Arms--Hot
4 Mainstreet--Bob Seger
5 Got to Give it Up Pt. 1--Marvin Gaye
6 Calling Dr. Love--Kiss
7 Lonely Boy--Andrew Gold
8 Feels Like the First Time--Foreigner
9 Heard it in a Love Song--The Marshall Tucker Band
10 You Won't Dance with Me--April Wine

Singles entering the chart were Come in from the Rain by Captain & Tennille (#83); Neon Nites by Atlanta Rhythm Section (#89); (Remember the Days of the) Old Schoolyard by Cat Stevens (#91); If it's the Last Thing I Do by Thelma Houston (#93); Don't Turn the Light Out by Cliff Richard (#96); Telephone Line by Electric Light Orchestra (#97); Baby Don't Change Your Mind by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#98); (Your Love has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher by Rita Coolidge (#99); and People in Love by 10 C.C. (#100).

Horse racing
Sound Reason, with Robin Platts up, won the 118th running of the Queen's Plate at Woodbine Racetrack in Etobicoke, Ontario in a time of 2:06 3/5.

Baseball
The Summer Class A Pioneer League season opened, and the Calgary Cardinals played their first game ever. The Idaho Falls Angels scored 6 runs in the top of the 3rd inning, only to have the Cardinals strike back with 10 in the bottom of the inning on their way to an 11-8 win before 2,722 fans at Foothills Park in Calgary. The 3rd inning took an hour to play, and it didn't help that Calgary starting pitcher Jim Gott walked 6 batters; he allowed 3 hits and 6 runs--5 earned--in 2 2/3 innings, striking out 1 batter. Calgary second baseman Jeff Doyle hit the Cardinals' first home run, a 2-run shot to climax the 3rd-inning onslaught. Third baseman Tye Waller homered to lead off the bottom of the 5th for the Cardinals, while Greg Ris had 2 doubles and a home run, driving in 2 runs for the Angels. Vaughn Yadao pitched 4 2/3 innings of relief to get the win, allowing 4 hits and 2 runs--1 earned, with 3 bases on balls, 5 strikeouts, and 2 wild pitches. Andy Rincon pitched 2 scoreless innings to get the save, walking the first batter he faced before retiring the last 6. Stephen Lettrich started on the mound for Idaho Falls and allowed 2 hits and 5 runs--all earned--with 5 bases on balls, 3 strikeouts, and a wild pitch in 2 2/3 innings. He was relieved by Mike Stover, who failed to retire a batter and took the loss, allowing 2 bases on balls, 2 doubles, and Mr. Doyle's homer; it was Mr. Stover's only game in an Idaho Falls uniform. The game marked the professional debuts for many of the players involved. Calgary players from that game who made it to the major leagues were Messrs. Gott; Rincon; Doyle; Waller; and first baseman Joe DeSa. Idaho Falls players from that game who made it to the majors were shortstop Steve Lubratich; first baseman Daryl Sconiers; and second baseman Alan Wiggins; pitcher Rich Dotson was dressed, but didn't play. The game was broadcast in Calgary on radio station CFAC, with Eric Bishop calling the play, and Dwight Ford providing colour commentary. This blogger and his parents were in attendance, but left after 7 innings, because once the Sun went down, it became so cold at Foothills Park as to be unendurable.

30 years ago
1987


Died on this date
Boudleaux Bryant, 67
. U.S. songwriter. By himself or with his wife Felice, Mr. Bryant wrote many country and pop music hits, most notably for the Everly Brothers. Songs written or co-written by Mr. Bryant included Wake Up, Little Susie; Bye Bye, Love; Bird Dog; Problems; Devoted to You; Love Hurts; Rocky Top; Mexico; and Raining in My Heart.

Diplomacy
Pope John Paul II held an audience in Rome with Austrian President Kurt Waldheim. After their private talks, the pope publicly praised Mr. Waldheim for his work in the 1970s as Secretary-General of the United Nations. Pope John Paul said nothing publicly about allegations that Mr. Waldheim had been involved in human rights abuses while serving in the German army during World War II, but the Roman Catholic Church said it was “surprised and grieved” by Jewish opposition to the meeting of the two heads of state.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 2,451.05.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (1-0) 38 @ Toronto (0-1) 30

The Montreal Alouettes were scheduled to open the season against the Argonauts at Exhibition Stadium, but the team folded on June 24, and a new schedule was hastily announced. It was the first game for Mike Riley as head coach of the Blue Bombers, and the only CFL game for his younger brother Pete, who wore #8 for Winnipeg as a backup defensive back. Winnipeg defensive end John Sturdivant returned a Toronto fumble 27 yards for his only CFL touchdown in what turned out to be his last CFL game; he was cut before the next game, and never played in the CFL again. John Congemi—in his first CFL game—and Danny Barrett split the quarterbacking for the Argonauts. It was the first CFL game ever televised on TSN.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Abba-esque (EP)--Erasure (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Jerome Brown, 27
. U.S. football player. Mr. Brown was an All-American defensive tackle with the University of Miami Hurricanes in 1986, and played with the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League from 1987-1991, winning All-Pro all-star honours in his last two seasons. He was killed in a car accident in his hometown of Brooksville, Florida.

Scandal
Former British Columbia Premier Bill Vander Zalm was acquitted of charges of breach of trust over the 1990 sale of his theme park.

Law
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the Goods and Services tax was within the jurisdiction of the federal government.

Economics and finance
Revising its previous estimate upward, the United States Commerce Department said that the economy had grown at an annual rate of 2.7% in the first quarter of 1992.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
British Columbia (0-1) 36 @ Ottawa (1-0) 43
Calgary (1-1) 20 Toronto (1-1) 1 @ Portland, Oregon

The Stampeders’ win over the Argonauts, televised on TSN, was the first CFL game played in the United States since a pre-season game between the Edmonton Eskimos and British Columbia Lions in Everett, Washington in 1967. The Eskimos and Lions had played a pre-season game at Multnomah Stadium in Portland in 1957.

20 years ago
1997


Died on this date
Jacques Cousteau, 87
. French oceanographer. Mr. Cousteau was a naval officer who turned to oceanography after injuries in a car accident ended his naval career. He pioneered the use of the aqua-lung--greatly aiding underwater exploration--and became known for the book (1953) and subsequent documentary film (1956) The Silent World. Using the ship Calypso as a field laboratory, Mr. Cousteau explored the world's oceans for the next several decades, advocating for the preservation of ocean life. His work was the subject of the television documentary series The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau (1968-1975) and The Cousteau Odyssey (1977-1982). Mr. Cousteau died of a heart attack two weeks after his 87th birthday.

Disasters
An unmanned Progress cargo spacecraft crashed into Russia's Mir space station, knocking out half of the station's power and rupturing a pressurized laboratory.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (1-0) 23 @ Calgary (0-1) 22

Tony Burse rushed for 2 short touchdowns in the last 3 minutes of regulation time as the Eskimos rallied from a 22-9 deficit to edge the Stampeders at McMahon Stadium.

Saturday, 24 June 2017

June 24, 2017

520 years ago
1497


Exploration
Giovanni Caboto Montecataluna--whose name has been anglicized to John Cabot--a hired Genoese seaman, reached Newfoundland (some argue Cape Breton) on the Matthew with his sons after a 35-day voyage, his second voyage. The expedition was underwritten by Bristol merchants and backed by King Henry VI, and Mr. Caboto claimed the region for England. It was the first European discovery of North America since Vikings.

420 years ago
1597


Exploration
The first Dutch voyage to the East Indies reached Banten, Java.

300 years ago
1717


Abominations
The Premier Grand Lodge of England, the first Masonic Grand Lodge in the world (now the United Grand Lodge of England), was founded in London.

200 years ago
1817


Died on this date
Thomas McKean, 83
. U.S. politician and judge. Mr. McKean, a member of the Federalist and then Democratic-Republican Parties, represented Delaware in the Continental Congress (1774-1776, 1777-1783); President of Delaware (1777); President of the Continental Congress (1781); Chief Justice of Pennsylvania (1777-1789); and Governor of Pennsylvania (1799-1808).

75 years ago
1942


War
The U.S. Selective Service established the order by which men with dependents would be drafted, placing married men with children in the last category. The U.S.S.R. reported that German assaults on the Kharkov and Sevastopol fronts were continuing despite heavy losses. Chinese troops recaptured Kweiki on the Hangchow-nanchang railway in Kiangsi Province and Lishui, the last important Japanese-held air base in southern Chekiang Province.

Abominations
German forces destroyed the Czech village of Levzsaky and executed the entire adult population for allegedly "sheltering parachutists."

Politics and government
Roberto Ortiz resigned as President of Argentina because of poor health and failing eyesight.

N.Z. Prime Minister Peter Fraser announced in Wellington the creation of a 13-member war administration combining government and opposition leaders.

Dissenting from the latest report of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities, Rep. Jerry Voorhis (Democrat--California), a member of the committee said in Washington that the committee was guilty of "name-calling," and that every loyal American had the right "to disagree politically with [it] withouf being branded as subversive and un-American."

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate Appropriations Committee voted to end the Civilian Conservation Corps, an employment program that had been initiated during the Depression in the 1930s.

70 years ago
1947


World events
Kenneth Arnold, an American pilot, reported seeing strange objects near Mount Rainier, Washington. He described them as "saucers skipping across the water," hence the term "flying saucers" was born.

A court in Baghdad handed down a death sentence for Iraqi Communist Party leader Yusuf Salman and two of his followers.

Politics and government
Ernst Reuter was named by Berlin's City Council as the city's permanent Mayor.

The U.S. House of Representatives passed the Mundt bill giving permanent status to the State Department's international cultural, education, and information programs, including Voice of America broadcasts.

Economics and finance
The French National Assembly approved Prime Minister Paul Ramadier's 135-billion franc austerity budget.

Polish Ambassador to the United States Josef Winiewicz informed the U.S. State Department that Poland was eager to participate in the Marshall Plan.

U.K. and U.S. authorities rejected a proposed economic merger of their sectors of Berlin.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations Industrial Union of Marine and Ship Building Workers called a strike of 35,000 U.S. East Coast shipyard workers whose contract had expired, halting work on 79 major merchant and naval vessels.

Academia
U.S. Army General Dwight D. Eisenhower accepted the presidency of Columbia University, promising to assume the post after retiring as Army chief of staff.

Boxing
Sugar Ray Robinson (79-1-1) retained his world welterweight title with a technical knockout of Jimmy Doyle (42-7-3) in the 8th round at Cleveland Arena. Mr. Doyle died the next day.

Golf
Jim Ferrier defeated Chick Harbert 2 and 1 to win the PGA Championship at Plum Hollow Country Club in Southfield Michigan. First prize money was $3,500.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Letters in the Sand/Bernardine--Pat Boone (Best Seller--4th week at #1); Love Letters in the Sand--Pat Boone (Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1)

Law
In Roth v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that obscenity was not protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution.

The U.S. Supreme Court reversed the 1954 convictions of six Communist Party leaders in Detroit and ordered a new trial on the grounds that the Smith Act did not make it a crime to teach or advocate violent overthrow of the government as an "abstract principle."

Defense
Following two days of talks in Baghdad, King Faisal of Iraq and King Hussein of Jordan issued a joint statement pledging to defend each other and condemning intervention by other Arab states in their internal affairs.

U.S. physicists Edward Teller, Ernest Lawrence, and Mark Mills issued a report claiming that readioactive fallout from hydrogen bomb detonations had been reduced by 95% and that further work could produce a bomb with "essentially negligible" radiation.

Energy
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to President Dwight D. Eisenhower a bill requiring authorization of the Joint Atomic Energy Committee and Congress before any atomic power plant could be built by the government or by private industry with federal aid.

Boxing
British Empire featherweight champion Hogan "Kid" Bassey (52-11-2) became the first Nigerian to win a world title when he scored a technical knockout of Cherif Hamia (30-2-2) of Algeria in the 10th round at Palais des Sports in Paris to win the world featherweight title that had been vacated by the retirement of Sandy Saddler.



50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): This is My Song--Petula Clark (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): A chi--Fausto Leali (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Groovin'--The Young Rascals (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Groovin'--The Young Rascals (3rd week at #1)
2 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles
3 Windy--The Association
4 Respect--Aretha Franklin
5 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
6 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
7 Release Me (And Let Me Love Again)--Engelbert Humperdinck
8 Can't Take My Eyes Off You--Frankie Valli
9 Sunday Will Never Be the Same--Spanky and Our Gang
10 7 Rooms of Gloom--Four Tops

Singles entering the chart were Jackson (#51)/You Only Live Twice (#97) by Nancy Sinatra & Lee Hazlewood/Nancy Sinatra; Carrie-Anne by the Hollies (#55); Don't Go Out Into the Rain (You're Going to Melt) by Herman's Hermits (#58); White Rabbit by Jefferson Airplane (#59); A Whiter Shade of Pale by Procol Harum (#60); Somebody Help Me by the Spencer Davis Group (#71); For Your Love by Peaches and Herb (#73); Soothe Me by Sam and Dave (#76); Hypnotized by Linda Jones (#78); Silence is Golden by the Tremeloes (#79); I'll Always Have Faith in You by Carla Thomas (#80); Airplane Song (My Airplane) by the Royal Guardsmen (#86); Daylight Savin' Time by Keith (#89); Little Miss Sunshine by Tommy Roe (#93); I Stand Accused (Of Loving You) by the Glories (#95); You were on My Mind by Crispian St. Peters (#96); and My World Fell Down by Sagittarius (#100). You Only Live Twice was the title song of the movie.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles
2 Mirage--Tommy James and the Shondells
3 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
4 Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
5 Respect--Aretha Franklin
6 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
7 All I Need--The Temptations
8 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
9 Here Comes My Baby--The Tremeloes
10 Let's Live for Today--The Grass Roots

Singles entering the chart were Woman Like That, Yeah by Joe Tex (#72); Somebody Help Me by the Spencer Davis Group (#74); Daylight Savin' Time by Keith (#76); This Time Long Ago by the Guess Who (#84); Carrie-Anne by the Hollies (#85); Mercy, Mercy, Mercy by the Buckinghams (#86); Silence is Golden by the Tremeloes (#87); Love Me Tender by Percy Sledge (#90); Soothe Me by Sam and Dave (#91); Step Out of Your Mind by the American Breed (#92); Airplane Song (My Airplane) by the Royal Guardsmen (#93); You Wanted Someone to Play With (I Wanted Someone to Love) by Frankie Laine (#94); Terry's Theme (Do it to 'Em) by the B.T.B. 4 (#96); He's in Town by the Townsmen (#98); No Good to Cry by the Wildweeds (#99); and I'll Always Have Faith in You by Carla Thomas (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 Windy--The Association (3rd week at #1)
2 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
3 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
4 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles
5 Don't Sleep in the Subway--Petula Clark
6 Round Round--Jonathan King
7 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
8 Hip Hug-Her--Booker T. and the M.G.'s
9 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
10 Let's Live for Today--The Grass Roots

Singles entering the chart were The Flower Children by Marcia Strassman (#29); Out and About by Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart (#37); Don't Go Out Into the Rain (You're Going to Melt) by Herman's Hermits (#40); Jackson/You Only Live Twice by Nancy Sinatra & Lee Hazlewood/Nancy Sinatra (#44); Mary in the Morning by Al Martino (#45); Step Out of Your Mind by the American Breed (#48); Mercy, Mercy, Mercy by the Buckinghams (#49); and Somebody Help Me by the Spencer Davis Group (#50).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
2 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion
3 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
4 Windy--The Association
5 Let's Live for Today--The Grass Roots
6 The Flower Children--Marcia Strassman
7 The Tracks of My Tears--Johnny Rivers
8 Don't Sleep in the Subway--Petula Clark
9 Sound of Love--The Five Americans
10 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles

Singles entering the chart were Brown Eyed Girl by Van Morrison (#24); Mercy, Mercy, Mercy by the Buckinghams (#25); Don't Go Out Into the Rain (You're Going to Melt) by Herman's Hermits (#28); More Love by Smokey Robinson and the Miracles (#29); and Jackson by Nancy Sinatra & Lee Hazlewood (#30).

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Ain't that Just the Way--Barbi Benton (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
André-Gilles Fortin, 33
. Canadian politician. Mr. Fortin represented the Quebec riding of Lotbinière in the House of Commons--first, as a member of the Ralliement Créditiste, and then as a member of the Social Credit Party of Canada, after the factions reunited in 1971--from 1968 until his death. He succeeded Réal Caouette as leader of the Social Credit Party on November 7, 1976, and was making efforts to rebuild the party's declining support when he was killed in a car accident, likely as a result of falling asleep while driving, on the Trans-Canada Highway between Montreal and Quebec City. Mr. Fortin was succeeded as Social Credit leader by Mr. Caouette's son Gilles.

Personal
This blogger completed classes in Grade 11 at Henry Wise Wood High School in Calgary.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Wanna Dance With Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jackie Gleason, 71
. U.S. actor and bandleader. “The Great One” was one of television’s biggest stars from 1949-1971, starting with The Life of Riley (1949-1950). He created a number of characters for skits on The Jackie Gleason Show, none more popular or enduring than bus driver Ralph Kramden, the main character of “The Honeymooners.” The Honeymooners became a separate series in 1955-56, but the ratings weren’t as high as for Mr. Gleason’s variety show, so the series was cancelled after one season, and the variety show returned, incorporating “The Honeymooners” skits. Mr. Gleason had appeared in minor roles in movies in the 1940s (often as "Jackie C. Gleason"), and appeared in major roles in such films as The Hustler (1961); Gigot (1962); Requiem for a Heavyweight (1962); Papa’s Delicate Condition (1963); Soldier in the Rain (1963); Skidoo (1968); Smokey and the Bandit (1977); and Nothing in Common (1986). Despite not being able to read music, Mr. Gleason had a good ear, and he directed an orchestra that recorded best-selling albums with titles such as Music for Lovers Only and Music to Change Her Mind.

Terrorism
The Organization for the Defense of Free People freed the son of the Lebanese defense minister and his driver, who had been kidnapped in Beirut a week earlier. American Broadcasting Company correspondent Charles Glass, who had also been kidnapped on June 17, remained in custody.

Football
CFL
The day before they were to open their regular season in Toronto, the Montreal Alouettes folded. This blogger first heard the news on the radio just after 4 A.M. Eastern Daylight Time while working on an all-night assignment for library school.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Abba-esque (EP)--Erasure

20 years ago
1997


Died on this date
Brian Keith, 75
. U.S. actor. Mr. Keith, the son of actor Robert Keith, originally acted under the name Robert Keith, Jr. in a career that started at the age of 2 when he appeared in a silent movie. He was best known for his starring roles in the television series Family Affair (1966-1971) and Hardcastle and McCormick (1983-1986). Mr. Keith was suffering from emphysema and lung cancer when he died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound, which some believe may have been accidental.

World events
The U.S. Air Force released The Roswell Report, closing the case on the 1947 Roswell, New Mexico incident involving an unidentified flying object, saying that the alien bodies witnesses reported seeing were actually life-sized dummies.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Chris Benoit, 40
. Canadian wrestler. Mr. Benoit, a native of Montreal who grew up in St. Albert, Alberta, held 22 championship belts in various circuits in a 22-year professional career, which began with Calgary-based Stampede Wrestling in 1985. Mr. Benoit hanged himself two days after strangling his wife Nancy, 43, and their son Daniel, 7, at their home in Fayetteville, Georgia. A post-mortem neurological exam found that Mr. Benoit had such severe brain damage that his brain resembled that of an 85-year-old Alzheimer's disease patient, and it was said that he would have required institutionalization within seven years. He had wrestled as recently as June 19, and was scheduled to wrestle on the following weekend.

Religion
Anglican Church of Canada bishops narrowly overturned a vote to approve sodomite/lesbian unions.

Horse Racing
Emma-Jayne Wilson, 25, became the first female jockey to win the Queen's Plate in its 148-year history, riding Mike Fox to victory at Woodbine Racetrack in Etobicoke, Ontario in a time of 2:05.45.

Friday, 23 June 2017

June 23, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherry Holden!

260 years ago
1757


War
3,000 British East India Company troops under Colonel Robert Clive defeated a 50,000-strong Indian army under Siraj ud-Daulah in the Battle of Plassey in Bengal.

150 years ago
1867


Health
Yellow fever appeared in New Orleans.

130 years ago
1887


Environment
The Rocky Mountains Park Act became law in Canada, creating Banff National Park as the nation's first national park.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Bubba Floyd
. U.S. baseball player. Leslie Floyd played 3 games at shortstop with the Detroit Tigers in 1944, batting .444 (4 for 9) with a double, a base on balls, and a run. He played with various minor league teams from at least 1936-1946. Mr. Floyd died on December 15, 2000 at the age of 83.

Jack Sanford. U.S. baseball player and coach. Dr. Sanford was a first baseman with the Washington Nationals (1940-1941, 1946), batting .209 with no home runs and 11 runs batted in in 47 games. He played for various minor league teams in the southern United States from at least 1939-1955. Dr. Sanforde became a physical education professor at Elon College in North Carolina, and coached their baseball team from 1956-1966, compiling a record of 184-110. He then taught at Barton College in North Carolina, coaching their baseball team in 1973 and 1981-1984. Dr. Sanford died on January 4, 2005 at the age of 87.

Baseball
Ernie Shore of the Boston Red Sox pitched a "perfect game," though he didn't start the Red Sox' 4-0 win over the Washington Nationals in the first game of a doubleheader before 16,158 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Babe Ruth started on the mound for Boston, but was ejected by home plate umpire Brick Owens for arguing a ball-four call to leadoff batter Ray Morgan and punching Mr. Owens. Mr. Shore entered, Mr. Morgan was caught stealing on the first pitch, and Mr. Shore got the next 26 outs. A 1991 rule change deprived him of the honour because he didn't pitch a full nine innings, making the game a combined no-hitter. The Red Sox completed the sweep with a 5-0 win in the second game, as Dutch Leonard threw a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Walter Johnson.

Roger Peckinpaugh doubled home Wally Pipp with the tying run and then scored on a pinch hit single by Les Nunamaker as the New York Yankees scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Philadelphia Athletics 2-1 for a sweep of their doubleheader before 20,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Ray Caldwell pitched a 6-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Jing Johnson, who also went the distance. Mr. Caldwell also started the first game, allowing 3 hits and no runs in 6 innings to get the win as the Yankees won 10-4. Mr. Pipp batted 4 for 4 with a triple, his American League-leading 6th home run of the season, 4 runs, and 3 runs batted in. The Athletics scored all their runs in the 9th inning.

The Chicago White Sox scored a run in the bottom of the 15th inning to defeat the Cleveland Indians 2-1 at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Casey Stengel had 2 hits in each game to help the Brooklyn Robins sweep a doubleheader from the Chicago Cubs 3-0 and 7-5 before 15,000 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Leon Cadore pitched a 6-hit shutout for the Robins in the first game to win the pitchers' duel over Jesse Barnes.

The Chicago Cubs scored 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 4-4 tie and defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 6-4 to complete a sweep of their doubleheader at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Phil Douglas pitched a 4-hit shutout, singled, and scored a run as the Cubs won the first game 2-0.

Lee Meadows pitched a 4-hit complete game for the St. Louis Cardinals as they beat the Cincinnati Reds 5-1 before 3,500 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

75 years ago
1942


War
Germany's latest fighter aircraft, a Focke-Wulf Fw 190, was captured intact when its pilot, Oberleutnant Armin Faber, mistakenly landed at Royal Air Force Pembrey in Wales. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's Axis forces attemtped tp flank the British defense line on the Libyan-Egyptian border. German forces continued heavy assaults in the Sevastopol and Kharkov areas of Russia. The U.S. Navy reported that 13 Allied ships had been sunk in the Caribbean Sea between June 4-13. Chinese forces recaptured the important Japanese base at Linhsien in northern Honan near the Shansi border.

Abominations
The first selections for those to be murdered in the gas chamber at the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz in Poland took place on a train full of Jews from Paris.

Politics and government
The British government in India outlawed the All India Forward Bloc, an extremist nationalist group founded by Subhas Chandra Bose in 1939.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities charged that the Union for Democratic Action was leading a campaign to discredit and obliterate Congress.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives Military Affairs Committee said in its report on war production that "there has been evidence of widespread and inexcusable waste of public funds."

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mam'selle--Art Lund (7th week at #1)
--Dick Haymes
--Frank Sinatra
--Dennis Day
--Pied Pipers
2 Peg o' My Heart--The Harmonicats
--Three Suns
--Art Lund
--Buddy Clark
--Clark Dennis
3 Linda--Ray Noble and his Orchestra with Buddy Clark
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
4 My Adobe Hacienda--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
5 Across the Alley from the Alamo--The Mills Brothers
6 That's My Desire--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Frankie Laine and Mannie Klein's All-Stars
7 Heartaches--Ted Weems and his Orchestra
--Harry James and his Orchestra
8 Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep)--Perry Como and the Satisfiers
9 I Wonder, I Wonder, I Wonder--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
10 I Believe--Frank Sinatra

Singles entering the chart were As Long as I'm Dreaming, with versions by Bing Crosby, and Harry James and his Orchestra (#18); Temptation (Tim-Tayshun) by Red Ingle and his Natural Seven (#19); and When You were Sweet Sixteen by Perry Como and the Satisfiers (#21). When You were Sweet Sixteen was the B-side of Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Speckled Band

Defense
U.S. State Secretary George Marshall and War Secretary Robert Patterson testified before the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee in favour of the inter-American military cooperation bill, which permitted the shipment of U.S. weapons and ships to 20 American states.

Politics and government
The Punjab Legislative Assembly in Lahore voted for partition between India and Pakistan.

Journalism
British authorities in Dortmund ordered a one-month suspension of the Communist newspaper Westdeutsches Volksecho for "malicious" criticism of the occupation.

Economics and finance
Mexican President Miguel Aleman created a committee to supervise foreign investments, and decreed that foreign investors may not hold more than a 49% interest in any Mexican enterprise.

Labour
The United States Senate followed the United States House of Representatives in overriding President Harry Truman's veto of the Taft–Hartley Act, which restricted union activities.

The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the Lea Act, restricting labour practices in the communications industry.

Business
The U.S. government filed an antitrust suit in New York against the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, charging that ASCAP was engaged in a worldwide cartel and conspiracy to monopolize music performing rights.

60 years ago
1957


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Dangerous People, starring Albert Salmi and Robert H. Harris

This was the last episode of the season.

Married on this date
U.K. actors Rex Harrison and Kay Kendall were wed in New York.

Politics and government
U.S.S.R. Communist Party First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev addressed the party's Central Committee for three hours, accusing the faction supporting former Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov of an anti-party conspiracy and sabotage of East-West disarmament talks and Soviet bloc unity. The U.S.S.R. charged that "right-wing elements" in the Chinese Communist Party had exploited freedom of discussion to launch a "furious" attack on China's government.

Defense
Two Soviet destroyers, the first Russian warships to use the Suez Canal since 1917, passed through the waterway.

Auto racing
The Scottish team of Ivor Bueb and Ron Flockhart, driving a Jaguar, won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in France.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Opportunity--Mr. Lee Grant

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
2 Here Comes My Baby--The Tremeloes
3 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles
4 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
5 Friday on My Mind--The Easybeats
6 My Girl Josephine--Jerry Jaye
7 Ding! Dong! The Witch is Dead--The Fifth Estate
8 Bowling Green--The Everly Brothers
9 Do it Again a Little Bit Slower--Jon & Robin and the In Crowd
10 Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
Pick hit of the week: Come On In--Wes Dakus
New this week: There Goes My Everything--Engelbert Humperdinck
The Jokers--Peter and Gordon
White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
Graduation Day--The Arbors
Cornflakes and Ice Cream--Lords of London

On the radio
Sherlock Holmes, starring Robert Langford and Kenneth Baker, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: The Reigate Squires

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson met with U.S.S.R. Premier Alexei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey for the three-day Glassboro Summit Conference.

Scandal
U.S. Senator Thomas J. Dodd (Democrat--Connecticut) was censured by the Senate for using "funds obtained from the public through political testimonials and a political campaign" for personal benefit.

Track and field
Jim Ryun, a 20-year-old sophomore at the University of Kansas, set a world record in the one-mile run of 3:51.1, breaking his own record set a year earlier. Mr. Ryun was competing in the Amateur Athletic Union national championships in Berkeley, California.

40 years ago
1977


At the movies
Why Shoot the Teacher, starring Bud Cort, Samantha Eggar, and Chris Wiggins, opened in theatres in Canada.

Journalism
The Soviet journal New Times contained an editorial denouncing Spanish Communist Party leader Santiago Carrillo, and calling his idea of Eurocommunism an anti-Soviet attempt to split the world communist movement. Mr. Carrillo had called for Western European communist parties to reject Soviet domination and Stalinist techniques of gaining and retaining power.

30 years ago
1987


Politics and government
Robert Bourassa and his Liberal majority in the Québec National Assembly approved the Meech Lake Accord, becoming the first provincial legislature to do so; this started countdown on three year ratification period for the Canadian constitutional accord.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the consumer price index had increased 0.3% in May.

25 years ago
1992


Died on this date
Eric Andolsek, 25
. U.S. football player. Mr. Andolsek was an offensive guard with the Louisiana State University Tigers from 1984-1987. He was drafted by the Detroit Lions in 1988, and played 61 games with them through 1991. Mr. Andolsek was working in the yard of his home when the driver of a semi-trailer truck took his eyes off the road, and the vehicle went into Mr. Andolsek's yard and killed him.

Politics and government
In the Israeli general election, the Labour Party, led by Yitzhak Rabin, took 44 seats in the 120-seat Knesset to take power for the first time in 15 years. Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir’s Likud Party took 32 seats, while the three-party coalition called Meretz won 12 seats. Labour supported a “land for peace” compromise with Palestinians, while Likud opposed Palestinian self-rule and was committed to constructing more Jewish settlements in the occupied territories. Meretz supported an independent Palestine. It was expected that Meretz and several small parties would join with Labour to produce a parliamentary majority for Mr. Rabin.

Defense
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announced that his government planned to spend over $4 billion on 50 helicopters to replace aging naval Sea Kings, with delivery to start in 1998.

Crime
New York crime boss John Gotti was sentenced to life in prison for racketeering and five counts of murder.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Clumsy--Our Lady Peace
2 A Change Will Do You Good--Sheryl Crow
3 Staring at the Sun--U2
4 MMMBop--Hanson
5 Semi-Charmed Life--Third Eye Blind
6 Your Woman--White Town
7 Midnight Rain--Wide Mouth Mason
8 I Want You--Savage Garden
9 Elegantly Wasted--INXS
10 Sunny Came Home--Shawn Colvin

Singles entering the chart were Spy in the House of Love by Steve Winwood (#87); Try by Michael Penn (#90); Building a Mystery by Sarah McLachlan (#92); Temptation by the Tea Party (#95); The Full Catastrophe by John Mellencamp (#96); and Tripping Blues by the Dave Matthews Band (#97).

Died on this date
Betty Shabazz, 63
. U.S. educator and civil rights activist. Ms. Shabazz, born Betty Sanders, was the wife of Negro civil rights activist Malcolm X. She witnessed his assassination at the hands of Nation of Islam members in 1965, and pursued advanced education afterward, eventually becoming a professor of health sciences at Medgar Evers College in New York. She died 22 days after suffering burns to over 80% of her body in a fire set in her apartment by her young grandson Malcolm, who was sentenced to 18 months in juvenile detention for manslaughter and arson.

Canadiana
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip arrived in St. John's to begin a 10-day tour of Canada.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Rod Beck, 38
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Beck was a relief pitcher with the San Francisco Giants (1991–1997); Chicago Cubs (1998–1999); Boston Red Sox (1999–2001); and San Diego Padres (2003–2004), compiling a record of 38-45 with an earned run average of 3.30 and 286 saves in 704 games. He had surgery on his pitching arm after the 2001 season and spent the 2002 season in the minor leagues, but made a successful comeback with the Padres in 2003. Mr. Beck was a user of cocaine and heroin, which likely caused his death.

Thursday, 22 June 2017

June 22, 2017

1,450 years ago
567


Died on this date
Theodosius I
. Patriarch of Alexandria, 535-536; Coptic Pope, 535-567. Theodosius I was the last Patriarch of Alexandria who was recognized by both Copts and Melchites. He succeeded Timothy III, but was rejected by the Eastern Orthodox Church of Alexandria and exiled by Emperor Justinian I in 536 and replaced by Paul I as Patriarch of Alexandria. Theodosius I continued to be recognized as Coptic Pope until his death; he was succeeded by Peter IV.

120 years ago
1897


Died on this date
Charles Egerton Ayerst
. U.K. bureaucrat. Lieutenant Ayerst was the military aide to Indian Civil Services officer Charles Rand, who was the commissioner in charge of dealing with an epidemic of plague that was affecting Pune, Maharashtra. The two were returning home from celebrating Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee at Government House when they were shot by the Chapekar brothers and Mahadeo Vinayak Ranade. Lt. Ayerst died on the spot, while Mr. Rand died of his wounds on July 3.

110 years ago
1907


Transportation
The London Underground's Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway opened.

80 years ago
1937


Boxing
Joe Louis (32-1) knocked out defending champion Jim Braddock (45-24-4) in the 8th round at Comiskey Park in Chicago to win the world heavyweight title. It was Mr. Braddock’s first title defense, coming two years after he had won the belt by a decision over Max Baer.





75 years ago
1942


War
U.K. and Axis forces battled at Azeiz, about 12 miles northwest of Fort Capuzzo on the Libyan-Egyptian border. Three U.S. merchant ships were sunk in the Gulf of Mexico, with 72 men lost.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.K. Prime Minister Winson Churchill issued a joint statement in Washington saying that the objective of their conference "is the earliest mximum concentration of Allied war power upon the enemy."

Americana
The Pledge of Allegiance was formally adopted by the U.S. Congress.

Crime
White Russian Fascist leader Anastase Vonsiatsky pled guilty in Hartford, Connecticut to conspiracy to send U.S. military information to Germany and Japan before December 7, 1941.

70 years ago
1947


Diplomacy
The United Nations Palestine Inquiry Commission passed a resolution opposing the scheduled execution of three condemned terrorists, claiming that it would have "unfavourable repercussions" in Palestine.

Politics and government
The Hungarian government issued a 150-page White Book on the alleged plot of former Peasant Party leaders to overthrow the republic and establish a fascist regime. The document charged that the plotters had British help.

A poll in Wisconsin of potential Republican Party U.S. presidential candidates for 1948 had New York Governor and 1944 Republican presidential nominee Thomas Dewey winning, followed by Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen and U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur.

Economics and finance
Following the suggestions of U.S. Senator Arthur Vandenberg (Republican--Michigan), U.S. President Harry Truman established three bipartisan committees to study the relationship between the U.S. foreign aid program and the domestic economy.

Disasters
Extensive flooding along the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers caused 11 deaths and $160 million in damage.

Tennis
Bobby Riggs defeated Don Budge at Forest Hills, New York to retain the U.S. professional men's singles title.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Round and Round--Perry Como; The Four Lads

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heimatlos--Freddy Quinn (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Yes Tonight, Josephine--Johnnie Ray (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Letters in the Sand--Pat Boone (3rd week at #1)
2 Bye Bye Love--The Everly Brothers
3 So Rare-Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
4 A White Sport Coat (And a Pink Carnation)--Marty Robbins
5 Dark Moon--Gale Storm
--Bonnie Guitar
6 Start Movin' (In My Direction)--Sal Mineo
7 All Shook Up--Elvis Presley
8 It's Not for Me to Say--Johnny Mathis
9 A Teenager's Romance--Ricky Nelson
10 Searchin'--The Coasters

Singles entering the chart were Send for Me (#38)/My Personal Possession (#48) by Nat "King" Cole/Nat "King" Cole and the Four Knights; Star Dust by Billy Ward and his Dominoes (#41); Shenandoah Rose by Hugo and Luigi (#44); A Fallen Star, with versions by Jimmy Newman, and Ferlin Husky (#45); and Words of Love by the Diamonds (#56).

World events
A Cairo court sentenced James Swinburn, former British manager of the Arab News Agency, and James Zarb, British businessman, to prison terms on charges of participating in an alleged plot to overthrow the Egyptian government of President Gamal Nasser. An Egyptian accomplice was condemned to death.

Diplomacy
North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung broadcast an appeal for a new conference on the partition of Korea, and urged that "the unification of Korea should be left to the Koreans themselves by withdrawing all foreign troops from Korea."

War
Italy agreed to pay Albania $2.6 million in reparations for the 1939 Italian invasion of Albania.

Horse racing
Wilamette, with John Choquette up, won the Belmont Stakes for Ladies at Belmont Park, New York.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (3rd week at #1)

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Show You the Way to Go--The Jacksons

Diplomacy
French President Valery Giscard d'Estaing and U.S.S.R. Leonid Brezhnev concluded three says of talks at Mr. Giscard d'Estaing's official residence outside Paris.

Scandal
Former U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell entered a federal minimum security prison at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama to begin a 30-month to 8-year sentence for his role in the cover-up of the 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. Mr. Mitchell had been convicted in 1975 of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (0-1-1) 12 @ Hamilton (2-0) 21
Winnipeg (2-0) 27 @ Saskatchewan (0-2) 19
British Columbia (1-1) 6 @ Calgary (1-1) 35

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Fred Astaire, 88
. U.S. dancer, singer, and actor. Mr. Astaire, born Frederick Austerlitz in Omaha, Nebraska, was one of the most popular entertainers of the 20th century. His movies included Dancing Lady (1933); Top Hat (1935); Swing Time (1936); Holiday Inn (1942); Easter Parade (1948); Royal Wedding (1951); Funny Face (1957); Silk Stockings (1957); On the Beach (1959); Finian's Rainbow (1968); The Towering Inferno (1974); and Ghost Story (1981).

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Abba-esque (EP)--Erasure

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that hate-crime laws that banned cross-burning and similar expressions of racial bias violated free-speech rights.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): MMMBop--Hanson (4th week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): MMMBop--Hanson

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Blond--Rainhard Fendrich (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: MMMBop--Hanson

Died on this date
Gérard Pelletier, 78
. Canadian politician and diplomat. Mr. Pelletier was a journalist with the Montreal newspaper Le Devoir, and was editor of La Presse and the periodical Cité Libre before entering politics in 1965 as a candidate for the Liberal Party in the federal election. He represented the Montreal-area riding of Hochelaga from 1965-1975, and held various cabinet posts under Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. Mr. Pelletier served as Canada's Ambassador to France from 1975-1981, and Ambassador to the United Nations from 1981-1984. He died the day after his 78th birthday.

10 years ago
2007


Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (0-2) @ Hamilton (2-0) 24
Calgary (1-1) 21 @ Saskatchewan (2-0) 23

Business
The Canadian media conglomerate CTVglobemedia acquired the assets of CHUM Limited, except Citytv, which was later sold to Rogers Communications.

Disasters
Canada's first-ever F-5 tornado touched down at Elie, Manitoba, with winds of up to 250 miles per hour; there were no fatalities, but the storm caused a path of destruction about 4 miles long and over 300 yards wide.

Wednesday, 21 June 2017

June 21, 2017

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Reinhold Niebuhr
. U.S. theologian. Mr. Niebuhr, one of the most influential American theologians of the 20th century, taught at the liberal Union Theological Seminary for more than 30 years. He denied fundamental Christian doctrines and originally was just as liberal in his political views, but eventually, as a "Christian realist," opposed Communism and pacifism, and supported U.S. involvement in World War II and the development of nuclear weapons. Mr. Niebuhr's books included Moral Man and Immoral Society (1932); The Nature and Destiny of Man (1943); and The Irony of American History (1952). Mr. Niebuhr died on June 1, 1971, 20 days before his 79th birthday.

110 years ago
1907


Golf
Alec Ross shot a 3-over-par 76 to win the U.S. Open at Philadelphia Cricket Club in Chestnut Hill, Pennsylvania with a 10-over-par total of 302, 2 strokes ahead of Gilbert Nicholls. First prize money was $300.

100 years ago
1917


Politics and government
Aubin-Edmond Arsenault was sworn in as Premier of Prince Edward Island, replacing John Mathieson. Mr. Arsenault had been Attorney General in Mr. Mathieson's Conservative government since 1912. Mr. Mathiseon had left politics to accept a judicial appointment.

Economics and finance
William Hanna was appointed Food Controller of Canada to control wartime supplies.

75 years ago
1942


War
Tobruk, Libya fell to Italian and German forces after a 26-hour assault, with the Germans claiming 25,000 prisoners. A Japanese submarine surfaced near the Columbia River in Oregon, firing 17 shells at nearby Fort Stevens in one of a handful of attacks by Japan against the United States mainland. U.K. Minister for Aircraft Production Lodrd Beaverbrook said in Birmingham that the British government was now committed to a second front. German forces drove a wedge in Soviet defenses at Sevastopol. The U.S. Navy Department announced that, despite bad weather, long-range bombers had sunk a Japanese transport and hit a Japanese cruiser at Kiska in the western Aleutian Islands, 650 miles west of Dutch Harbor.

Diplomacy
King Peter II of Yugoslavia arrived in Washington to discuss anti-Axis opposition and Lend-Lease aid for Yugoslavian guerrillas.

Golf
Ben Hogan won the Hale America tournament in Chicago with a record low four-round score of 271.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Peg o' My Heart--The Harmonicats

Married on this date
This blogger's parents were married in Edmonton.

Economics and finance
Former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State in charge of American republic affairs Nelson Rockefeller signed an agreement in Caracas providing capital for Venezuelan agricultural and industrial development.

Medicine
The U.S. War Department announced plans to build a $40-million medical research centre--reportedly the world's largest--at Forest Glen, Maryland.

Horse racing
Assault, with Eddie Arcaro up, won the $38,000 Brooklyn Handicap at Aqueduct Racetrack in New York, becoming the career money-winning leader.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Bambino--Dalida (12th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Yes Tonight, Josephine--Johnnie Ray (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Johannes Stark, 83
. German physicist. Dr. Stark was awarded the 1919 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields." He was a strong supporter of the Nazis, and supported the Deutsche Physik movement.

War
The United Nations Command for Korea informed North Korea and the People's Republic of China that it would no longer be bound by the 1953 Korean armistice provisions controlling importation of military equipment into Korea.

Defense
Following three days of talks in Washington, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Japanese Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi issued a communique promising the "prompt withdrawal" from Japan of all U.S. "ground combat forces."

Diplomacy
Polish Communist Party First Secretary Wladyslaw Gomulka and East German Communist Party First Secretary Walther Ulbricht signed a declaration in East Berlin affirming the independent development and equality of all Communist states.

Politics and government
Progressive Conservative Party leader John Diefenbaker was sworn in as Prime Minister of Canada, succeeding Louis St. Laurent and ending 22 consecutive years of Liberal Party rule. Ellen Fairclough was sworn in as Secretary of State, becoming Canada's first female cabinet minister.

Cambodian Prime Minister Price Norodom Sihanouk resigned in protest against graft in his administration.

Track and field
Glenn Davis of Ohio State University set a world record of 50.9 seconds in the men's 440-yard hurdles competition at the U.S. Amateur Athletic Union championships in Dayton, Ohio.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 This is My Song--Petula Clark (3rd week at #1)
2 When I was Young--Eric Burdon & the Animals
3 Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw
4 Somethin' Stupid--Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
5 The Girls in Paris--Lee Hazlewood
6 New York Mining Disaster 1941--Bee Gees
7 A Little Bit You, A Little Bit Me--The Monkees
8 You Made Me What I Am--Cheryl Gray
9 The Happening--The Supremes
10 Ha! Ha! Said the Clown--Manfred Mann

Singles entering the chart were Silence is Golden by the Tremeloes (#32); Exit Stage Right by Ronnie Burns (#33); Do it Again a Little Bit Slower by Jon & Robin and the In Crowd (#37); and But I Know/Sunshine Secret by Normie Rowe (#40).

Londonia
Centennial Hall, a concert and entertainment auditorium, opened in London, Ontario with a performance by the London Symphony Orchestra; the hall was the city's project for Canada's centennial year.

40 years ago
1977


Politics and government
A coalition of Likud Party, National Religious Party, and Agudat Israel members led by Likud leader Menechem Begin received the approval of 63 of the Knesset's 120 members to form Israel's new government. Former Labour Party Defense Minister Moshe Dayan, now with Likud, became Foreign Minister. Three of the 15 ministerial posts were left vacant in the hope that the Democratic Movement for Change would join the coalition.

A new government took office in Turkey, led by Prime Minister Bülent Ecevit of the Republican People's Party (CHP).

Scandal
H.R. Haldeman, former chief of staff to U.S. President Richard Nixon, entered a federal minimum security prison at Lompoc, California to begin a 30-month to 8-year sentence for his role in the cover-up of the 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. Mr. Haldeman had been convicted in 1975 of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury.

Disasters
A flash fire killed 21 prisoners and injured 7 more, as well as 6 police officers and a fireman, in police lockup at City Hall in Saint John, New Brunswick. The fire started in the detention area, in a padded maximum security cell; surviving prisoner John Kenney was later convicted of arson and sentenced to five years in prison.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Real Wild Child (Wild One)--Iggy Pop

#1 single in France: Viens boire un p'tit coup à la maison--License IV (11th week at #1)

Died on this date
Earl "Madman" Muntz, 73
. U.S. engineer and businessman. Mr. Muntz designed consumer electronics and sold them and cars from the 1930s until his death from lung cancer. He based his business in the Los Angeles area starting in the 1940s, and was a pioneer in the use of entertaining television commercials to promote himself and his business. He founded the Muntz Car Company, which manufactured sports cars from 1951-1953.

Politics and government
Multi-party elections in the U.S.S.R. became a reality when contests were permitted for 76 of 52,000 Communist party soviets around the nation.

Golf
Scott Simpson won the U.S. Open at the Lake Course of the Olympic Club in San Francisco with a 3-under-par total of 277, 1 stroke ahead of Tom Watson. First prize money was $150,000.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-0) 29 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 28

Rick Worman, seeing his first regular season game action after spending his rookie season of 1986 standing on the sidelines, completed a touchdown pass to Emanuel Tolbert in the last minute, and J.T. Hay’s convert gave the Stampeders the win over the Roughriders at Taylor Field in Regina in the earliest Canadian Football League regular season opener to date. The Roughriders blew an early 16-0 lead, and their kicker, former Stampeder Mike McTague, missed a convert on the CFL’s first touchdown of the regular season. Not only did the miss prove costly in the game, but it was the only convert missed by a kicker all season. It was the first regular season game for John Gregory as head coach of the Roughriders, and the first game ever televised on the Canadian Football Network, which included various stations across the country.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Jump--Kris Kross (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Jump--Kris Kross

Died on this date
Li Xiannian, 82
. 3rd President of the People's Republic of China, 1983-1988. Li Xiannian joined the Communist Party of China in 1927, and became a member of the Politburo in 1956. He was Minister of Finance from 1954-1970, and first-ranking Vice Premier from 1976-1977, and was regarded as one of the most influential architects of China's economic policy from the mid-1970s through the 1980s. Li succeeded Ye Jianying as President, an office that was mainly ceremonial. He retired to take the position of Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, which he held until his death, two days before his 83rd birthday.

Weather
At 3 C. (37.4 F.), it was the coldest June 21 in Toronto in 72 years, and this blogger was there to experience it.

Humour
96-year-old George Burns performed at O’Keefe Centre in Toronto: “First time I played Toronto was 1927; they must have enjoyed it, because only 65 years later, they invited me back.” This blogger paid $21 for his ticket.

Politics and government
Czechoslovakian President Vaclav Havel urged that the issue of the possible division of Czechoslovakia into two separate countries be decided in a national referendum.

Golf
Tom Kite won the U.S. Open at Pebble Beach Golf Links in Pebble Beach, California with a 3-under-par total of 285, 2 strokes ahead of Jeff Sluman; it was Mr. Kite's only win in a major tournament. First prize money was $275,000.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Calgary (0-1) 18 @ Hamilton (1-0) 20

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Around the World--Daft Punk (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Midnight in Chelsea--Bon Jovi (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Ecuador--Sash! (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): María--Ricky Martin (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): MMMBop--Hanson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): MMMBop--Hanson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (2nd week at #1)

Abominations
The Women's National Basketball Association made its debut.

10 years ago
2007


Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (1-1) 26 @ Montreal (1-1) 34
British Columbia (0-2) 12 @ Edmonton (1-1) 18

Tuesday, 20 June 2017

June 20, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Dale Hein!

180 years ago
1837


Died on this date
William IV, 71
. King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; King of Hanover, 1830-1837. The last king and penultimate monarch from the House of Hanover, William IV was the younger brother of King George IV, and succeeded him on the throne. He fathered 10 illegitimate children by actress Dorothea Jordan, but no legitimate children, and was succeeded by his niece Victoria.

150 years ago
1867


War
Mexico City surrendered to liberal forces.

140 years ago
1877


Canadiana
The census of Manitoba reported 1,050 homesteaders in the Red River Valley.

Academia
The first classes were held at the University of Manitoba, chartered February 28, 1877.

Communications
Hugh Cossart Baker, Jr. installed the world's first commercial telephone service for the fire department in Hamilton, Ontario. Mr. Baker had learned of Alexander Graham Bell's invention in 1877 at the Philadelphia International Exposition and decided to test the device.

Disasters
Fire raged through Saint John, New Brunswick for over nine hours, wiping out the entire business district and burning down 1,612 houses (over two-thirds of the housing stock), leaving 15,000 homeless, killing 19 people, razing over 80 hectares of land, and causing $27 million worth of damage. The Great Fire began when a spark fell into a bundle of hay at a downtown store. Most of the city's buildings were made of wood that had dried out during a particularly dry spring, and the flames, driven by a strong breeze, soon became unmanageable. Eight churches, six banks, 14 hotels, 11 schooners, and four wooden boats were destroyed.

130 years ago
1887


Transportation
Victoria Terminus, the busiest railway station in India, opened in Bombay.

120 years ago
1897


Britannica
Celebrations of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee began in the United Kingdom and throughout the British Empire. Canadian Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier was in London for the occasion, and was knighted while there.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sleepy Lagoon--Harry James and his Orchestra

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Brian Wilson!
The leader of the Beach Boys was born in Inglewood, California, and grew up in nearby Hawthorne. He's the first singer whose voice I was able to do an impression of.

War
A Japanese submarine surfaced and fires around thirty 5.5" naval shells at the wireless station and lighthouse on isolated Estevan Point on Vancouver Island, British Columbia with little damage. It was the only time that Canadian territory was under fire in World War II. Kazimierz Piechowski and three other prisoners, dressed as members of the SS-Totenkopfverbände, stole an SS staff car and escaped from the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland. The German high command said that 20,000 prisoners had been taken in Libya, where British forces had been driven back to the Egyptian border or surrounded at Tobruk. German troops smashed through Soviet defense lines north of Sevastopol and reached Syevernaya Harbour north opposite the naval base after 12 days of heavy fighting.

Technology
The Armour Research Foundation in Chicago announced the development and patenting of a device about the size of a portable radio which recorded sound magnetically on steel wires as thin as a human hair.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Bugsy Siegel, 41
. U.S. gangster. Benjamin Siegel was a founder and leader of Murder, Inc.--the enforcement arm of organized crime--but was one of the developers of the Las Vegas Strip. He was gunned down at the home of his girlfriend Virginia Hill in Beverly Hills, California.

Defense
Iran and the United States signed an agreement in Washington giving Iran a $25-million loan over 15 years to buy surplus U.S. military equipment.

Politics and government
Hindu and Muslim delegates to the Bengal Provincial Assembly in Calcutta voted to partition the area between India and Pakistan.

Economics and government
U.S. Ambassador to Greece Lincoln MacVeigh and Greek Foreign Minister Constantin Tsaldaris signed an agreement in Athens formally transferring $300 million in U.S. aid to Greece and allowing the United States to supervise the use to which the money was put.

The French cabinet approved Prime Minister Paul Ramadier's emergency fiscal program, which abolished bread, milk, and farm subsidies; increased rates on government services; and raised taxes in an effort to eliminate a growing budget deficit.

Labour
U.S. President Harry Truman vetoed the Taft-Hartley bill, which imposed restrictions on union activity, but the House of Representatives immediately voted to override the veto.

60 years ago
1957


Defense
U.S. disarmament negotiator Harold Stassen presented in London a U.S. proposal to reduce U.S. and U.S.S.R. armed forces below the 2.5-million-man level.

50 years ago
1967


At the movies
Don't Make Waves, directed by Alexander Mackendrick, and starring Tony Curtis, Claudia Cardinale, and Sharon Tate, opened in theatres.

Canadiana
Prime Minister Lester Pearson opened the new National Library and Archives Building on Wellington Street in Ottawa, next to the Supreme Court of Canada, costing $13 million to build, and housing over 400,000 volumes of information.

World events
South Arabian troops mutinied in Aden, killing 11 Britons and 2 Arab policemen.

Protest
Two days of race riots in Atlanta concluded with the death of one Negro.

Boxing
Muhammad Ali, recently stripped of his world heavyweight title, was convicted in Houston of violating Selective Service laws by refusing to be drafted into the United States Army. The conviction was overturned by the Supreme Court in 1971.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Don't Cry for Me Argentina--Julie Covington (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Katte ni Shiyagare--Kenji Sawada

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Linda--Miguel Bosé (2nd week at #1)

On television today
The Edge of Night, on ABC

Adam Drake (played by Donald May), the main character of this soap opera (the only soap opera this blogger watched), was killed in this day's episode.

Diplomacy
French President Valery Giscard d'Estaing and U.S.S.R. Leonid Brezhnev began three says of talks at Mr. Giscard d'Estaing's official residence outside Paris.

Society
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 6-3 that state and local governments need not spend Medicaid funds on elective abortions for women who could not afford them. The court also ruled 6-3 that public hospitals in cities and towns may refuse to permit or fund such abortions

Oil
The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System opened; oil began flowing from Prudhoe Bay to Valdez.

The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau ended a five-year exploration freeze, opening over 400 million hectares offshore, effective August 1, 1977.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Let it Be--Ferry Aid (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Multimix--The Communards (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Hold Me Now--Johnny Logan (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Want Your Sex--George Michael

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Star Trekkin'--The Firm

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Head to Toe--Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Head to Toe--Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam
2 Always--Atlantic Starr
3 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston
4 In Too Deep--Genesis
5 You Keep Me Hangin' On--Kim Wilde
6 The Lady in Red--Chris DeBurgh
7 Songbird--Kenny G
8 Diamonds--Herb Alpert (vocals by Lisa Keith and Janet Jackson)
9 Alone--Heart
10 Meet Me Half Way--Kenny Loggins

Singles entering the chart were These Times are Hard for Lovers by John Waite (#85); That's Freedom by Tom Kimmel (#86); Still a Thrill by Jody Watley (#87); Rock-A-Lott by Aretha Franklin (#88); Under the Boardwalk by Bruce Willis (#89); and Good Times by INXS and Jimmy Barnes (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Nothing's Gonna Change My Love For You--Glenn Medeiros
2 You Keep Me Hangin' On--Kim Wilde
3 (I Just) Died in Your Arms--Cutting Crew
4 Boom Boom--Paul Lekakis
5 I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston
6 Looking for a New Love--Jody Watley
7 Always--Atlantic Starr
8 La Isla Bonita--Madonna
9 With or Without You--U2
10 Talk Dirty to Me--Poison

Singles entering the chart were I Want Your Sex by George Michael (#83); Awake the Giant by Gowan (#91); Seven Wonders by Fleetwood Mac (#94); Teenland by the Northern Pikes (#96); One for the Mockingbird by Cutting Crew (#98); and Vanna Pick Me a Letter by Dr. Dave (#99).

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Take it from Me--Girlfriend (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Blowin'--B'z (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Please Don't Go--Double You (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap!

#1 single in France (SNEP): Smells Like Teen Spirit--Nirvana

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Abba-esque (EP)--Erasure (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be There--Mariah Carey

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers
2 Baby Got Back--Sir Mix-a-Lot
3 Jump--Kris Kross
4 I'll Be There--Mariah Carey
5 My Lovin' (You're Never Gonna Get It)--En Vogue
6 Damn I Wish I was Your Lover--Sophie B. Hawkins
7 If You Asked Me To--Celine Dion
8 Achy Breaky Heart--Billy Ray Cyrus
9 Just Take My Heart--Mr. Big
10 Slow Motion--Color Me Badd

Singles entering the chart were Remedy by the Black Crowes (#62); Too Funky by George Michael (#67) Good Stuff by the B-52's (#82); Keep on Walkin' by Ce Ce Peniston (#85); and November Rain by Guns N' Roses (#89).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Hold on My Heart--Genesis
2 If You Asked Me To--Celine Dion
3 Under the Bridge--Red Hot Chili Peppers
4 You Won't See Me Cry--Wilson Phillips
5 Sinking Like a Sunset--Tom Cochrane
6 Damn I Wish I was Your Lover--Sophie B. Hawkins
7 Do it to Me--Lionel Richie
8 Why--Annie Lennox
9 I Will Remember You--Amy Grant
10 America--Kim Mitchell

Singles entering the chart were Slow Motion by Color Me Badd (#68); Anything at All by Mitch Malloy (#73); Innocent Child by Colourhaus (#74); Cry (If You Want To) by Frozen Ghost (#77); Don't Tell Me by Lava Hay (#78); Driving the Last Spike by Genesis (#90); Deep in My Soul by Acosta/Russell (#92); Fly Like an Eagle by the Neville Brothers (#93); and Even Flow by Pearl Jam (#97).

Personal
This blogger cut his Quebec vacation short, leaving rainy Montreal for a five-hour train ride to Toronto.

Weather
It was the coldest June 20 in Toronto in 52 years.

World events
The Bosnian government claimed that 40,000 people, mostly civilians, had been massacred by Serbs since Bosnia-Herzegovina had voted for independence from Yugoslavia in February.

Politics and government
Czechoslovakian Premier-designate Vaclav Klaus and Slovak nationalist leader Vladimir Meciar agreed to prepare for the transition of Czechoslovakia into two separate countries.

Dartmouth Mayor John Savage was elected leader of the Nova Scotia Liberal Pary; 7,000 Liberals cast ballots from their homes, punching their personal identification numbers into telephones.

Labour
Toronto Star printers went on strike, forcing the newspaper to stop the presses for the First time in 99 years; 56 pages of features printed earlier were distributed free.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): MMMBop--Hanson

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Bailando--Paradisio (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lawrence Payton, 59
. U.S. singer. Mr. Payton was a member of the Four Tops, who were formed in 1953, and remained together until Mr. Payton's death from liver cancer. The Four Tops had numerous hit singles, but achieved most of their success while recording with the Motown Corporation from 1964-1972. Mr. Payton sang lead on few songs, but was credited with arranging the vocal harmonies.

Politics and government
Reform Party of Canada leader Preston Manning announced that he would move into Stornaway as official Opposition leader; during the recent federal election campaign he had suggested turning the 34-room mansion, official residence of the Leader of the Opposition, into a bingo parlour or bowling alley.

Business
U.S. tobacco firms agreed to a large legal settlement in exchange for relief from mounting lawsuits and legal bills.

10 years ago
2007


Baseball
Sammy Sosa of the Texas Rangers became the fifth major leaguer to hit 600 career home runs, connecting against his former team as the Rangers beat the Chicago Cubs 7-3 before 37,564 fans at Rangers Ballpark. Mr. Sosa hit 545 home runs with the Cubs from 1992-2004.

Frank Thomas doubled to lead off the bottom of the 2nd inning, came around to score, and then hit a grand slam later in the inning as the Toronto Blue Jays scored 8 runs on their way to a 12-1 rout of the Los Angeles Dodgers before 24,413 fans at Rogers Centre in Toronto. Winning pitcher Roy Halladay allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings to improve his record for the season to 8-2.

Ryan Ludwick led off the bottom of the 14th inning with a home run to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 7-6 win over the Kansas City Royals before 42,623 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. St. Louis infielder Aaron Miles batted 5 for 7 with 3 runs.

J.D. Drew led off the game with a home run to begin a 5-run 1st inning as the Boston Red Sox routed the Atlanta Braves 11-0 before 49,585 fans at Turner Field in Atlanta. Coco Crisp, David Ortiz, Manny Ramirez, and Eric Hinske also homered.