Thursday, 1 June 2017

June 1, 2017

225 years ago

Kentucky was admitted to the Union as the 15th state.

150 years ago

Politics and government
Charles Stanley, Lord Monck was commissioned first Governor General of the Dominion of Canada, as the British North America Act took effect, with his service to begin on July 1, 1867.

100 years ago

Born on this date
William Standish Knowles
. U.S. chemist. Dr. Knowles shared half of the 2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Ryōji Noyori "for their work on chirally catalysed hydrogenation reactions." Dr. Knowles died on June 13, 2012, 12 days after his 95th birthday.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Lizzie Borden, 66
. U.S. murder suspect. Miss Borden was acquitted of the 1892 ax murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts, but was still widely believed to be guilty. She and her sister Emma lived together until Emma moved out in 1905. Lizzie Borden died of pneumonia; Emma Borden died just nine days later at the age of 76.

J. B. Bury, 65. U.K. historian. Professor Bury was best known for his works on the later Roman Empire.

William Phillips, the first U.S. Ambassador to Canada, arrived in Ottawa to set up the U.S. legation.

The Peace Bridge between Fort Erie, Ontario and Buffalo, New York opened for traffic, to be officially dedicated on August 7, 1927.

The First Graving Dock in Esquimalt Harbour, British Columbia closed. It was replaced by the larger "Esquimalt Graving Dock," completed in 1924 and officially opened on July 1, 1927.

All automobile drivers in Ontario were now required to have a driver's license.

Provincial government liquor stores in Ontario started selling liquor to adults with $2 permits, as prohibition ended following repeal of the Ontario Temperance Act; the province had been dry since 1921.

80 years ago

Politics and government
The Liberal government of T.D. Pattullo was re-elected in the British Columbia provincial election, taking 31 of 48 seats in the Legislative Assembly despite capturing only 37.34% of the popular vote. The Conservative Party, led by F.P. Patterson, won 8 seats; the leaderless Co-operative Commonwealth Federation won 7 seats; Labour Party candidate T.A. Uphill was elected in Fernie; and independent candidate R.W. Bruhn was elected in Salmon Arm.

The St. Louis Browns sold pitcher Earl Caldwell to the Toronto Maple Leafs of the International League. Mr. Caldwell was 0-0 with a 6.83 earned run average in 9 games with the Browns in 1937.

“Bullfrog Bill” Dietrich pitched a no-hitter as the Chicago White Sox blanked the St. Louis Browns 8-0 at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

The Cleveland Indians scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Detroit Tigers 4-3 at League Park in Cleveland. Detroit first baseman Hank Greenberg hit his 11th home run of the season.

75 years ago

Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho signed a declaration of war, recognizing that a state of war had existed between Mexico and Germany, Italy, and Japan since May 22. British troops swept northwest of Bir Hacheim and occupied Segnali, an Axis military base. U.S. Army Lieutenant General Hap Arnold said in London that U.S. fliers and planes would soon join the U.K. Royal Air Force in attacks upon the Axis "which they cannot meet, defeat or survive." 27 more Czechs in Prague were executed in Prague and Brunn by Nazi authorities, bringing the total to 108 for the May 27 assassination attempt on Deputy Protector of Bohemia and Moravia Reinhard Heydrich. Japanese troops in Kwangtung Province, China advanced northward from Tsengshing and Sinkai.

The Swedish-American liner SS Drottningholm arrived in Jersey City, New Jersey from Lisbon with 908 passengers, including Admiral William Leahy, U.S. Ambassador to France, and U.S. and Latin American diplomats exchanged for Axis officials.

Politics and government
Dr. Maynard Kruger was elected national chairman of the American Socialist Party to succeed Norman Thomas, who declined to serve again.

The U.S. Supreme Court voted to invalidate a 1935 Oklahoma law providing for sterilization of criminals with three felony convictions.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that CBS and NBC were entitled to a judicial review of the Federal Communications Commission's regulations, issued in 1941, against chains of stations.

The Boston Red Sox sold first baseman Jimmie Foxx to the Chicago Cubs. Mr. Foxx, who was in his seventh season with the Red Sox, was batting .270 with 5 home runs and 14 runs batted in in 30 games with Boston in 1942, giving him 524 homers in his 18-year major league career, all of which had been spent in the American League prior to the deal with Chicago.

70 years ago

Newly-installed Hungarian Prime Minister Lajos Dinnyes said that his government would seek "peaceful cooperation...especially with our great neighbour, the Soviet Union."

U.S. President Harry Truman's civilian Advisory Committee on Universal Training issued a report urging immediate unification of the armed forces and reintroduction of conscription, claiming that the alternative was "extermination" of the United States in a surprise attack.

U.K. Labour Secretary George Isaacs began a drive to bring more women into the industrial work force for the duration of the country's economic crisis.

A tornado struck a heavily-settled farming district near Pine Bluff, Arkansas, killing 35 people.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Marianne--Terry Gilkyson and the Easy Riders (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Cindy, Oh Cindy--Margot Eskens (10th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Butterfly--Andy Williams (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (8th week at #1)
2 Love Letters in the Sand--Pat Boone
3 Little Darlin'--The Diamonds
4 So Rare--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
5 A White Sport Coat (And a Pink Carnation)--Marty Robbins
6 Dark Moon--Gale Storm
--Bonnie Guitar
7 School Day--Chuck Berry
8 Come Go with Me--The Dell-Vikings
9 Round and Round--Perry Como
10 Gone--Ferlin Husky

Singles entering the chart were My Dream by the Platters (#38); Can't Wait for Summer by Steve Lawrence (#58); and Shangri-La by the Four Coins (#60).

Tunisian President Habib Bourguiba forbade the movement of any French military force through Tunisia, except for supply purposes, without Tunisian government permission.

Trans Canada Air Lines flew its first non-stop flight from Toronto to Vancouver, skipping the Winnipeg stopover. It took 8 hours, 32 minutes on a Super Constellation.

Track and field
Don Bowden, a junior at the University of Southern California, set an American record for the men's 1-mile run of 3 minutes 58.7 seconds at the Pacific Amateur Athletic Union meet in Stockton, California.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Boston Burglar--Johnny McEvoy (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes (3rd week at #1)

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Don't Want to Talk About It/The First Cut is the Deepest--Rod Stewart (2nd week at #1)

CJAY began broadcasting in Calgary at 92.5 on the FM dial.

The Chicago White Sox released pitcher Jim Bouton. Mr. Bouton, who had last pitched in the major leagues in 1970, was 0-6 with an earned run average of 5.26 in 10 games with the White Sox' farm team at Knoxville in the AA Southern League. He subsequently joined the independent Portland Beavers of the Class A Northwest League.

John Mayberry hit 3 home runs and drove in 5 runs, while Al Cowens batted 5 for 5 with a triple, 2 runs, and 1 RBI to help the Kansas City Royals beat the Toronto Blue Jays 11-3 before 33,004 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.

Rod Carew singled home Jerry Terrell and Butch Wynegar with the bases loaded and 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to climax a 3-run rally as the Minnesota Twins edged the New York Yankees 4-3 before 23,684 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington.

Carl Yastrzemski hit solo home runs in the 6th and 7th innings to help the Boston Red Sox defeat the Texas Rangers 7-5 before 11,731 fans at Arlington Stadium. Mike Paxton pitched 1 1/3 scoreless innings in relief of starting pitcher Luis Tiant to get his first major league win.

John Stearns' grand slam climaxed a 5-run 5th inning as the New York Mets beat the Montreal Expos 6-4 before 13,397 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal in a game that was televised by Radio-Canada. New York left fielder Dave Kingman hit a fair ball off a speaker, and since no one had ever hit a ball there before, there was some uncertainty as to whether the ball was in play (if I recall correctly, and my memory of the play is hazy), it was ruled out of play.

The Pittsburgh Pirates scored 3 unearned runs with 2 out in the top of the 1st inning and John Candelaria pitched a 2-hit shutout to improve his record for the season to 7-1 as the Pirates blanked the Philadelphia Phillies 3-0 before 28,234 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia in a game that was called because of rain after 7 1/2 innings.

Steve Ontiveros singled home Jerry Morales with 1 out in the top of the 13th inning to break a 3-3 tie as the Chicago Cubs edged the St. Louis Cardinals 4-3 before 21,383 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Slice of Heaven--Dave Dobbyn with Herbs (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Rashid Karami, 65
. Prime Minister of Lebanon, 1955-1956; 1958-1960; 1961-1964; 1965-1966; 1966-1968; 1969-1970; 1975-1976; 1984-1987. Mr. Karami was killed and the country’s interior minister and several other people were injured when a bomb exploded in his helicopter during a flight to Beirut from his home town of Tripoli. It was believed that the bomb had been placed in his briefcase or under his seat. The co-pilot made an emergency landing. Mr. Karami had submitted his resignation on May 4, but President Amin Gemayel had not yet formally accepted it.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): You Won't See Me Cry--Wilson Phillips (2nd week at #1)

Yugoslavian Ambassador to Canada Goran Kapetanovic, a Bosnian Serb, resigned to protest Serbian violence. Canada supported United Nations sanctions against Serbia.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney named three non-politicians to the Privy Council: hockey legend Maurice "Rocket" Richard; newspaper tycoon Conrad Black; and Nobel Prize-winning scientist John Polanyi. The break with tradition was done to honour Canada's 125th birthday.

The European Community agreed to suspend fishing off Newfoundland's Grand Banks to help preserve dwindling stocks; the EU suggested that unusually cold and salty water were to blame, not overfishing.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at a new high of 3,413.21.

Stanley Cup
Pittsburgh 6 @ Chicago 5 (Pittsburgh won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Mario Lemieux scored a goal and 2 assists and was awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy as the playoffs' most valuable player as he led the Penguins to their second consecutive Stanley Cup championship, edging the Blackhawks at Chicago Stadium.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): MMMBop--Hanson

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): If Tomorrow Never Comes--Joose

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Blond--Rainhard Fendrich (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I Believe I Can Fly--R. Kelly (6th week at #1)

Utah 82 @ Chicago 84 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Michael Jordan's 20-foot field goal at the final buzzer gave the Bulls their win over the Jazz before 24,544 fans at United Center. Utah forward Karl Malone missed 2 free throws with 9.2 seconds left, and Mr. Jordan grabbed the rebound.

10 years ago

Warren Winkler of the Ontario Superior Court was appointed Chief Justice of Ontario.

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