Sunday, 4 June 2017

June 4, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Linda Gerritsen!

225 years ago
1792


Britannica
Captain George Vancouver claimed Puget Sound for the Kingdom of Great Britain.

150 years ago
1867


Born on this date
Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
. 6th President of Finland, 1944-1946; Regent of Finland, 1918-1919. Field Marshal Mannerheim led the White forces in the Finnish Civil War in 1918, and served as Regent upon Finland gaining her independence. He was Commander-in-Chief of Finnish defense forces during World War II, and succeeded Risto Ryti as President in August 1944. Field Marshal Mannerheim was barely 1 1/2 years into his seven-year term when he resigned because of ill health, and because all of his goals had been accomplished. He died on January 27, 1951 at the age of 83.

Adventure
The raft Nonpareil departed New York City to begin an attempt to cross the Atlantic Ocean.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Robert Merrill
. U.S. opera singer. Mr. Merrill, born Moishe Miller, was a baritone who appeared on NBC radio programs in the 1940s and achieved greater renown performing with the Metropolitan Opera in New York. He died on October 23, 2004 at the age of 87.

Literature
The first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded: Laura E. Richards, Maude H. Elliott, and Florence Hall received the prize for biography for Julia Ward Howe; Jean Jules Jusserand received the first prize for history for With Americans of Past and Present Days.

Journalism
Herbert B. Swope received the first Pulitzer Prize for Journalism for his work with the New York World.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden invited Liberal Party leader and former Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier to join the Union Government and support conscription, in return for choosing cabinet ministers.

75 years ago
1942


Died on this date
Reinhard Heydrich, 38
. German politician and war criminal. SS-Obergruppenführer Heydrich was Director of the Gestapo (1934-1939); Director of the Reich Main Security Office (1939-1942); and acting Protector of Bohemia and Moravia (1941-1942). He chaired the Wannsee Conference on January 20, 1942, at which the Final Solution--the genocide of Jews in Germany and German-occupied Europe--was formalized. German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler described Mr. Heydrich as "the man with the iron heart." Mr. Heydrich died eight days after Jan Kubis, one of the leaders of a British-trained team of Czech and Slovak soldiers carrying out an assassination attempt code-named Operation Anthropoid, threw a bomb into Mr. Heydrich’s car as it was crossing a bridge in Prague. Josef Gabcik, another of the leaders of the plot, had attempted to shoot Mr. Heydrich, but his machine gun had jammed, and Mr. Kubis had thrown his bomb after Mr. Heydrich had decided to take on the attackers after ordering his driver to stop.

Divorced on this date
Actor Charlie Chaplin and actress Paulette Goddard received a mutual consent divorce decree from a Mexican civil court in Juarez.

War
The U.S. Senate unanimously approved three resolutions declaring war on Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania. The Battle of Midway began. Japanese Admiral Chūichi Nagumo orders a strike on Midway Island by much of the Imperial Japanese Navy. Chinese Chief of Staff Lieutenant General Joe Stilwell, Commander of the U.S. Army Air Force in India Major General Lewis Brereton, and American Volunteer Group Commander Brigadier General Claire Chennault arrived in Chungking for conferences with Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. Free French forces repulsed another Axis attack on Bir Hacheim, while British and Indian troops attacked rear lines.

Diplomacy
German Fueher Adolf Hitler visited Finland, ostensibly to congratulate Commander-in-Chief C.G.E. Mannerheim on his 75th birthday. The two, along with Finnish President Risto Ryti, met secretly in a railroad car near Imatra in southeastern Finland, after which Mr. Hitler returned to Germany. The first 11 minutes of the conversation between Mr. Hitler and Field Marshal Mannerheim were secretly recorded.



Technology
The American Meat Institute announced in Chicago the development of processes for dehydration of meat to save shipping space.

Business
A U.S. grand jury in Philadelphia indicted E.I. du Pont, Hercules Powder, Atlas Powder, Austin Powder, Illinois Powder, and King Powder companies for conspiring to fix prices of commercial explosives and blasting supplies in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.

Labour
The United Mine Workers of America policy committee voted 26-2 in Washington to adopt a resolution demanding that Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray "publicly renounce his allegiance to and support of Communism; that he discharge from the employment of the CIO those Communists now on the payroll, and that he cease to employ Communists as agents and representatives of the CIO." Mr. Murray denied any connection with Communism.

Mexican unions agreed to ban jurisdictional conflicts and strikes for the war's duration and to set up a National Labour Council to cooperate with the government.

70 years ago
1947


Terrorism
The Palestinian Zionist Stern Gang sent letter bombs to U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, former Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, and other officials in London. No casualties were reported.

Diplomacy
Assistant U.S. Secretary of State for American Republic Affairs Spruille Braden resigned in opposition to the policy of the administration of President Harry Truman's willingness to resume consultations with Argentina and other American republics on a Western Hemisphere defense treaty.

Defense
Australian Defense Minister John Dedman announced a five-year, $807.5-million defense program emphasizing naval buildup, while the ruling Labour Party approved a bill penalizing union boycotts of defense projects.

U.K. Defense Secretary A.V. Alexander announced that the Royal Army and Navy had dropped their peacetime ban on the enlistment of "coloured" minorities.

Chilean President Gabriel Gonzalez Videla opposed Western Hemisphere action against Communism, stating that each country should deal with the problem in its own way.

Politics and government
Indian Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi reluctantly accepted the British plan for the partition of India, but predicted that "the Moslem League will ask to come back" to the Hindu provinces.

Protest
The Chinese government reported the arrest of more than 1,000 students and professors, as anti-government and anti-war demonstrations continued in Chinese universities.

Society
A U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary subcommittee began hearings on a bill by Rep. William Stratton (Republican--Illinois) permitting non-quota entry of 400,000 European refugees to the United States within the next four years.

Labour
The U.S. House of Representatives voted 320-79 to pass the Taft-Hartley bill, containing numerous restrictions on union activity and collective bargaining.

60 years ago
1957


Politics and government
The Territorial Council of the Northwest Territories met for the first time in Frobisher Bay.

A Saar coalition cabinet led by Premier Egon Reinert was formed, following the resignation of Premier Hubert Ney's cabinet.

Defense
The Cuban government banned shipping from Manzanillo to Santiago in an effort to prevent supplies from reaching insurgent forces.

Crime
U.S. State Secretary John Foster Dulles and Defense Secretary Charles Wilson announced that the United States would allow a Japanese court to try U.S. Army Private William Girard for the slaying of a Japanese woman at a U.S. firing range near Somagahara.

Health
The American Cancer Society reported to the American Medical Association that cigarette smoking had an "extremely high" association with cancer of the lung, larynx, and esophagus, and gastric ulcers; a "very high" association with pneumonia, influenza, aortic aneurysm, and bladder cancer; and a "moderate" association with cerebral vascular lesions.

Economics and finance
Jordanian, Syrian, Yemeni, and Saudi Arabian representatives meeting in Cairo signed an agreement providing for an Arab financial organization capitalized at $56 million for economic development of the Arab League area.

Labour
U.S. Senator John McClellan (Democrat--Arkansas), chairman of the Select Committee on Improper Labor-Management Activities, ordered contempt of Congress action against Dave Beck, Jr., son of Teamsters union president Dave Beck, and Joseph McAvoy, the nephew of Mr. Beck's wife, for refusing to answer questions that "could not possibly come near to incriminating" them.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Amarsi un po'--Lucio Battisti (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Rock Bottom--Lynsey de Paul and Mike Moran

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): You're My World--Guys 'n' Dolls (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): I Don't Want to Talk About It/The First Cut is the Deepest--Rod Stewart (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sir Duke--Stevie Wonder (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'm Your Boogie Man--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
2 Dreams--Fleetwood Mac
3 Sir Duke--Stevie Wonder
4 Got to Give it Up Pt. 1--Marvin Gaye
5 Gonna Fly Now (Theme from "Rocky")--Bill Conti
6 Lonely Boy--Andrew Gold
7 Lucille--Kenny Rogers
8 Angel in Your Arms--Hot
9 Feels Like the First Time--Foreigner
10 Calling Dr. Love--Kiss

Singles entering the chart were You Made Me Believe in Magic by the Bay City Rollers (#72); Telephone Man by Meri Wilson (#78); Black Betty by Ram Jam (#79); Runaway by Bonnie Raitt (#92); Neon Nites by Atlanta Rhythm Section (#94); Save Me by Merrilee Rush (#96); Ridin' the Storm Out by REO Speedwagon (#99); and Keep that Same Old Feeling by Side Effect (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'm Your Boogie Man--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
2 Sir Duke--Stevie Wonder
3 When I Need You--Leo Sayer
4 Angel in Your Arms--Hot
5 Dreams--Fleetwood Mac
6 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
7 Right Time of the Night--Jennifer Warnes
8 Couldn't Get it Right--Climax Blues Band
9 Lucille--Kenny Rogers
10 Calling Dr. Love--Kiss

Singles entering the chart were It's Sad to Belong by England Dan & John Ford Coley (#88); Luckenbach, Texas (Back to the Basics of Love) by Waylon Jennings (#89); My Heart Belongs to Me by Barbra Streisand (#91); I'm in You by Peter Frampton (#92); All You Get from Love is a Love Song by the Carpenters (#93); The Pretender by Jackson Browne (#94); Uptown Festival by Shalamar (#95); Easy by the Commodores (#96); Just a Song Before I Go by Crosby, Stills and Nash (#97); Barracuda by Heart (#98); Enjoy and Get it On by ZZ Top (#99); and Watch Closely Now by Kris Kristofferson (#100).

Politics and government
The U.S.S.R. published a new constitution, replacing the one written by Josef Stalin in 1936.

Diplomacy
Five British plane-spotters were released by Greek authorities after spending 10 weeks in jail on suspicion of espionage.

Scandal
Former Korean Central Intelligence Agency director Kim Hyung Wook, who had lived in the United States in self-imposed exile since 1973, said in Washington that South Korean businessman Park Tong Sun, who was under federal and congressional investigation in the U.S.A. for allegedly using illegal means to influence American policy toward South Korea, was a KCIA agent. Mr. Kim implicated South Korean President Park Chung Hee in the scandal, and named several other alleged KCIA agents in the United States, including Unification Church founder and leader Rev. Sun Myung Moon. Mr. Kim said that in 1964, Park Tong Sun had offered to use his influence in Congress to obtain more military aid for South Korea, in exchange for being named sole agent for the sale of U.S. rice in South Korea. Most of the allegedly illegal activities took place from 1971-1975, according to Mr. Kim.

Football
CFL
All-Star Game @ Exhibition Stadium, Toronto
West 19 @ East 20

Tony Gabriel of the Ottawa Rough Riders and Terry Evanshen of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats caught touchdown passes, and Zenon Andrusyshyn of the Toronto Argonauts added 2 converts and 2 field goals as the Eastern Football Conference All-Stars edged the Western Football Conference All-Stars before a small crowd estimated at 5,000 by the CTV broadcast crew, but stated to be approximately 7,500 in the Canadian Football League record manual. Ron Lancaster of the Saskatchewan Roughriders and Tom Forzani of the Calgary Stampeders scored West TDs, while Bernie Ruoff of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers added 1 convert and 2 field goals. East quarterback Jimmy Jones of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats was named the game's most valuable player on offense, while East linebacker Chuck Zapiec of the Montreal Alouettes won defensive honours. George Brancato of the defending Grey Cup champion Rough Riders was the head coach of the East team, while Jim Eddy of the Roughriders made his head coaching debut, leading the West team. The Roughriders were the defending Western champions, but John Payne had departed after the 1976 season, and Mr. Eddy had been promoted from assistant to head coach as his replacement.

30 years ago
1987


Track and field
Danny Harris of the United States won the 400-metre hurdles event at a meet in Madrid, ending Edwin Moses' record winning streak at 122 races.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Boston 122 @ Los Angeles Lakers 141 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Michael Cooper scored 21 points--including a playoff record 6-for-7 on 3-point field goal attempts--and added 9 assists as he came off the bench to help the Lakers defeat the Celtics before 17,505 fans at the Forum in Inglewood, California. Byron Scott led Los Angeles with 24 points; Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and James Worthy each scored 23; and Magic Johnson scored 22 as the Lakers spread the scoring around. Larry Bird led the Celtics with 23 points and 10 rebounds.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Knockin' on Heaven's Door--Guns N' Roses

Died on this date
Carl Stotz, 82
. U.S. baseball executive. Mr. Stotz founded Little League Baseball in Williamsport, Pennsylvania in 1939.

Politics and government
The Canadian House of Commons approved a bill giving the federal government the power to call a referendum on constitutional reform.

Popular culture
The United States Postal Service announced that by margin of 3-1, voters preferred a portrait of Elvis Presley as a young man over a portrait of him when he was older to go on a U.S. postage stamp.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): MMMBop--Hanson (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ronnie Lane, 51
. U.K. musician. Mr. Lane was a founding member of the rock group Small Faces from 1965-1969; when the group changed its name to the Faces, he remained until 1973. Mr. Lane founded and led the group Slim Chance in the mid-late 1970s, but developed multiple sclerosis. He moved to Texas for his health, and was still able to perform as late as 1992. Mr. Lane died of MS.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Utah 85 @ Chicago 97 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Michael Jordan scored 38 points and added 13 rebounds and 9 assists to lead the Bulls over the Jazz before 25,544 fans at United Center. Chicago led 47-31 at halftime. Karl Malone led the Jazz with 20 points and 13 rebounds, but was successful on only 6 of 20 field goal attempts.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Clete Boyer, 70
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Boyer, the youngest of three brothers who played in the major leagues, was a third baseman with the Kansas City Athletics (1955-1957); New York Yankees (1959-1966); and Atlanta Braves (1967-1971), batting .242 with 162 home runs and 654 runs batted in in 1,725 games. He was with the Yankees when they won the World Series in 1961 and 1962, and lost the World Series in each of the next two years. The Yankees played the St. Louis Cardinals in the 1964 World Series, and the St. Louis third baseman was Mr. Boyer's brother Ken. Clete was regarded as an outstanding defensive third baseman, but won just one Gold Glove award, in 1969. He was released by the Braves in May 1971 after criticizing team management. Mr. Boyer resumed his career in Japan, playing 417 games with the Taiyo Whales from 1972-1975, and serving as a coach with the team in 1976. He managed the Fort Lauderdale Yankees of the Class A Florida State League in 1989. Mr. Boyer died of a brain hemorrhage.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Anaheim 3 @ Ottawa 2 (Anaheim led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Dustin Penner scored 4:07 into the 3rd period to break a 2-2 tie as the Ducks edged the Senators at Scotiabank Place.

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