Thursday, 29 June 2017

June 30, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lucia Rios!

240 years ago
1777


War
British General John Burgoyne's forces reached Fort Fort Ticonderoga, New York, starting a week-long siege. British Governor Henry Clinton encouraged enslaved American Negroes to desert their rebel masters, promising freedom and shelter.

150 years ago
1867


Disasters
An earthquake struck El Salvador.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
László Lajtha
. Hungarian composer. Mr. Lajtha's works included nine syphonies, 10 string quartets, three ballets, and an operetta. He died on February 16, 1963 at the age of 70.

Labour
Workers affiliated with the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers at the Homestead Steel Works in Homestead, Pennsylvania--near Pittsburgh--began a six-week strike.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Susan Hayward
. U.S. actress. Miss Hayward, born Edythe Marrenner, won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in I Want to Live! (1958). Her other movies included Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman (1947); My Foolish Heart (1949); With a Song in My Heart (1952); I'll Cry Tomorrow (1955); and The Conqueror (1956). Miss Hayward was one of many people associated with The Conqueror to fall fatally ill with cancer; exterior filming for the movie had taken place near St. George, Utah--where nuclear weapons tests were taking place--and soil from the area was transported to Hollywood for filming there. She died on March 14, 1975 at the age of 57.

Lena Horne. U.S. singer and actress. Miss Horne had a career that spanned more than 70 years. She began as a performer at the Cotton Club in New York City in the mid-1930s and eventually became an acclaimed jazz singer, winning four Grammy Awards and being nominated for four more. Miss Horne starred in the movies Cabin in the Sky (1943) and Stormy Weather (1943), but was better known for numerous appearances on stage and on television variety programs. She was of mixed racial ancestry, and spent many years as an advocate of Negro civil rights. Miss Horne died on May 9, 2010 at the age of 92.

80 years ago
1937


Communications
The world's first emergency telephone number, 999, was introduced in London.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Daddy--The Andrews Sisters; Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra (1st month at #1)

War
An estimated three million U.S. youths aged 18-20 registered in the fifth draft call, raising the total number of registrants to 43 million. British forces in Egypt withdrew from the coastal point of El Daba, 100 miles west of the Alexandria naval base, under pressure from Axis armoured columns.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board ruled unanimously that it had jurisdiction, deriving from U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's war powers, in the wage dispute involving the Chicago-based mail-order firm Montgomery Ward & Company, even though the company produced no war materials.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You Keep Coming Back Like a Song--Bing Crosby; Dinah Shore (1st month at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Peg o' My Heart--The Harmonicats
--Three Suns
--Art Lund
--Buddy Clark
--Clark Dennis
2 Mam'selle--Art Lund
--Dick Haymes
--Frank Sinatra
--Dennis Day
--Pied Pipers
3 Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep)--Perry Como and the Satisfiers
4 Across the Alley from the Alamo--The Mills Brothers
5 That's My Desire--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Frankie Laine and Mannie Klein's All-Stars
6 Linda--Ray Noble and his Orchestra with Buddy Clark
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
7 I Wonder, I Wonder, I Wonder--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
8 My Adobe Hacienda--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
9 Heartaches--Ted Weems and his Orchestra
--Harry James and his Orchestra
10 Ivy--Jo Stafford
--Woody Herman with the Four Chips

Singles entering the chart were Tallahassee by Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters (#16) and Cecilia, with versions by Dick Jurgens and his Orchestra; Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers; and the Three Suns (#20).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Innocent Murderess

Movies
The 1947 World Film Festival in Brussels selected Le Silence est d'Or (Silence is Golden) as the world's best film. Acting awards went to Gerard Philippe (Le Diable au Corps (Devil in the Flesh)) and Myrna Loy (The Best Years of Our Lives).

War
The Canadian House of Commons approved the peace pacts with Italy, Romania, Hungary, and Finland.

Aviation
A Pan-American Constellation completed the first globe-circling commercial flight, landed in New York after travelling 25,000 miles in 13 days.

Americana
The U.S. House of Representatives voted 196-133 to approve a bill, backed by the administration of President Harry Truman, giving statehood to Hawaii. The bill was then sent to the Senate.

Politics and government
French Interior Minister Edouard Depreux announced that government agents had broken up a rightist plot to overthrow the Fourth Republic and set up a military dictatorship.

German administrators took over control of the port of Bremerhaven from U.S. military authorities.

Economics and finance
The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration officially ended its operations after spending $3 billion in four years to maintain refugee camps in 17 countries.

Egypt and the United Kingdom reached an agreement permitting Egypt to leave the sterling bloc in return for a temporary moratorium on Britain's war debt to Egypt.

U.S. President Truman signed the congressional modified rent control bill, indicating that he would prefer stronger and more comprehensive controls. He also signed bills establishing a permanent first class postage rate of 3c, and extending the Reconstruction Finance Corporation through mid-1948.

60 years ago
1957


Theatre
The new Stratford Festival Theatre on the banks of the Avon River in Stratford, Ontario was officially dedicated.

Defense
West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer declared that his government was "prepared to agree to the inspection of German territory" as part of any general disarmament accord providing for German reunifiaction.

Politics and government
Supporters of pro-Western Prime Minister Sami es-Solh won 46 of 66 seats in Lebanese parliamentary elections.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie (2nd week at #1)
2 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles
3 Here Comes My Baby--The Tremeloes
4 Bowling Green--The Everly Brothers
5 Ding! Dong! The Witch is Dead--The Fifth Estate
6 Don't Sleep in the Subway--Petula Clark
7 My Girl Josephine--Jerry Jaye
8 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
9 Windy--The Association
10 Up-Up and Away--The 5th Dimension
Pick hit of the week: The Jokers--Peter and Gordon
New this week: A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
Trains and Boats and Planes--Joanie Sommers
Chapel in the Moonlight--Dean Martin
Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder

On the radio
Sherlock Holmes, starring Robert Langford and Kenneth Baker, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: Thor Bridge

This was the ninth and last episode of the series.

Economics and finance
Representatives of 46 nations signed an international tariff reduction pact at General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) headquarters in Geneva. The agreement was the result of Kennedy Round negotiations dating back to May 1964.

Business
Dosco Industries Ltd. closed the Bell Island, Newfoundland iron mine after 72 years of operation.

40 years ago
1977


Defense
The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was dissolved after 22 years.

U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced in Washington that he opposed production and deployment of the B-1 strategic bomber because of its high cost and because he believed it was not necessary for national defense. Mr. Carter said that cruise missiles, which could be deployed on modified versions of existing planes, would serve the same purpose as the B-1: penetration to targets within the Soviet Union. The B-1 would have cost over $100 million per plane to produce, with total costs for the entire fleet of $100 billion, including operation and maintenance.

Transportation
U.S. Transportation Secretary Brock Adams ordered that air bags or automatic lap and shoulder restraints be installed in all standard and luxury cars by the 1982 model year, and in all cars by the 1984 model year. The order could be effective in two months unless vetoed by Congress.

30 years ago
1987


Music
The soundtrack album from the film La Bamba was released on Warner Brothers Records. The movie was released on July 24.

Abominations
The Canadian House of Commons voted 148-127 to defeat a bill to restore the death penalty; Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, Minister of Justice Ray Hnatyshyn and Minister of External Affairs Joe Clark opposed the bill, while Deputy Prime Minister Donald Mazankowski and a majority of Progressive Conservative MPs supported it.

Protest
5,000 demonstrators, including Panamanian government officials, attacked the United States embassy in Panama City, some pelting the embassy with rocks and bottles. The following day, the U.S. charged that the incident had taken place with the “unmistakeable involvement” of the government of Panama.

Economics and finance
The new Canadian $1 coin, which quickly became popularly known as the “loonie” because of the picture of a loon on its face, was released.

Canadian Minister of Financial Institutions Thomas Hockin, with Monte Kwinter, his Ontario government counterpart, started the first stage of financial deregulation by opening ownership of the securities industry.

The United States Commerce Department corrected a previous estimate and announced that the index of leading economic indicators had risen 0.2% in April, not declined 0.6%, as previously reported. Furthermore, the index had risen 0.7% in May.

25 years ago
1992


Canadiana
Queen Elizabeth II unveiled an equestrian statue of herself, by British Columbia sculptor Jack Harman, on Parliament Hill in Ottawa.

War
Canadian troops in Bosnia started a trek to Sarajevo, Bosnia; 800 troops in armoured vehicle convoy moved to keep the airport open as part of international relief effort to bring in food and medicine.

Politics and government
Fidel Ramos, a former defense secretary and an ally of outgoing President Corazon Aquino, was sworn in as her successor. He appealed to Communists and rebels to end their revolts.

Former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher took her seat in the House of Lords as Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven.

Economics and finance
Canada announced the sale of one million tonnes of wheat to India, Canada’s first sale of wheat to India in eight years.

The United States named Canada as one of 20 countries using unfair trade practices and dumping steel on the U.S. market.

The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had increased 0.6% in May, the fifth straight monthly advance.

Baseball
The Texas Rangers scored 9 runs in the 3rd inning and withstood a 5-run 9th-inning rally to defeat he Toronto Blue Jays 16-13 before 50,396 fans at SkyDome in Toronto. Kevin Brown started on the mound for Texas and allowed 8 hits, 4 bases on balls, and 7 runs--all earned--in 7 innings, but still got the win, improving his 1992 record to 12-4. Gerald Alexander entered the game to begin the 9th inning, but allowed 4 hits, a base on balls, and 5 earned runs in 2/3 inning, and was removed after giving up a 3-run home run by Pat Borders. For Mr. Alexander, it was the 36th and last game of his 3-year major league career.

The Detroit Tigers scored 5 runs in the top of the 2nd inning to take a 5-0 lead, but the Boston Red Sox came back with 3 in the bottom of the inning, and Bob Zupcic's grand slam with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th game the Red Sox an 8-5 win before 33,485 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mr. Zupcic's homer followed an intentional walk to Jody Reed.

Jeff Tackett hit a 3-run home run in the 2nd inning an a 2-run double in the 3rd to help the Baltimore Orioles rout the Milwaukee Brewers 12-1 before 44,855 fans at Oriole Park in Baltimore.

Pat Kelly, Don Mattingly, Mel Hall, and Matt Nokes all hit solo home runs and Scott Sanderson pitched a 4-hitter as the New York Yankees blanked the Kansas City Royals 6-0 before 17,318 fans at Yankee Stadium. Mr. Mattingly finished 4 for 4 with a double, homer, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in.

The Chicago White Sox scored 4 runs in the top of the 3rd inning to take a 4-0 lead, but the Cleveland Indians scored 2 in the bottom of the inning, and Dave Martinez singled home pinch runner Alex Cole with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th to give the Indians a 5-4 win before 16,956 fans at Cleveland Stadium. Cleveland designated hitter Albert Belle batted 4 for 4 and was hit by a pitch; he singled with 1 out in the 9th, and was picked off first base by pitcher Terry Leach, but Mr. Leach made a wild throw, allowing Mr. Belle to advance to second. Mr. Cole entered the game to run for Mr. Belle, and Mr. Martinez promptly singled him home.

Bill Krueger pitched a 2-hitter to improve his record for the season to 8-2 as the Minnesota Twins shut out the California Angels 2-0 before 23,045 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

Mike Williams made his major league debut as the Philadelphia Phillies' starting pitcher, but allowed 6 hits, a base on balls, and 4 runs--all earned--in 4 2/3 innings, and was charged with the loss as the Phillies lost 7-2 to the Montreal Expos before 22,282 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Winning pitcher Ken Hill, who improved his 1992 record to 8-4, batted 2 for 3 with a double and 2 runs.

The Chicago Cubs scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 1-1 tie and defeat the New York Mets 3-1 before 33,665 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Greg Maddux pitched a 4-hit complete game and struck out 10 batters to improve his record for the season to 9-7.

The Los Angeles Dodgers had 10 hits, but scored only 1 run as they lost 2-1 to the San Diego Padres before 27,858 fans at Dodger Stadium. The Dodgers loaded the bases in the bottom of the 9th inning, but Dave Hansen took a called third strike to end the game.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Clumsy--Our Lady Peace (2nd week at #1)
2 A Change Will Do You Good--Sheryl Crow
3 MMMBop--Hanson
4 Sunny Came Home--Shawn Colvin
5 Semi-Charmed Life--Third Eye Blind
6 I Want You--Savage Garden
7 Your Woman--White Town
8 Staring at the Sun--U2
9 Elegantly Wasted--INXS
10 Hole in My Soul--Aerosmith

Singles entering the chart were Numb by Holly McNarland (#85); Drinking in L.A. by Bran Van 3000 (#91); Third of June by Corey Hart (#92); Euphoria (Firefly) by Delirium (#94); A Little Bit of Ecstasy by Jocelyn Enriquez (#95); and Not Where it's At by Del Amitri (#97).

10 years ago
2007


Business
An investment group led by the Ontario Teachers Pension Plan Board acquired BCE Inc., Canada's largest telecommunications company, in a cash and debt deal worth nearly $52 billion; it was the biggest corporate takeover in Canadian history.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-1) 9 @ Calgary (1-0) 37

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