Saturday, 10 June 2017

June 10, 2017

1,150 years ago

Born on this date
. Emperor of Japan, 887-897. Uda, born Sadami, succeeded his father Kōkō. He abdicated in favour of his son of his eldest son Prince Atsuhito, who reigned as Emperor Daigo. Emperor Uda died on September 3, 931 at the age of 64.

325 years ago

Died on this date
Bridget Bishop, 60 (?)
. Massachusetts convicted witch. Mrs. Bishop was hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts for "certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries," becoming the first person to be executed during the Salem witch trials.

110 years ago

Auto racing
The Peking to Paris race began from the French embassy in Peking.

100 years ago

Newfoundland, then a British colony, brought in Daylight Saving Time, marking its first use in North America.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Robert Borden, 82
. Prime Minister of Canada, 1911-1920. Sir Robert, a native of Grand Pré, Nova Scotia, was a member of the Liberal Party from 1887-1891, when he joined the Conservative Party over the issue of reciprocity. He was first elected to the House of Commons in 1896, and replaced Sir Charles Tupper as party leader in 1901. Sir Robert led the Conservatives through unsuccessful federal election campaigns before leading the party to victory in 1911. Canada entered World War I as part of the British Empire in 1914, and the next federal election was postponed until 1917. Sir Robert offered former Prime Minister and Liberal Party leader Sir Wilfrid Laurier an opportunity o be part of a Union government, but Sir Wilfrid declined, and Sir Robert led the Union government to victory. He resigned from politics on the advice of his doctors on July 10, 1920. Sir Robert died 16 days before his 83rd birthday.

75 years ago

Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King proposed a bill to amend the National Mobilization Act to permit sending drafted men abroad; Mr. King was incorrectly credited with calling the policy "conscription if necessary, but not necessarily conscription." The German Wehrmacht began an offensive in the Kharkov sector of Ukraine. Chinese troops evacuated Chuhsien in Chekiang Province after nine days of battle, claiming to have inflicted 18,000 casualties upon Japanese forces. The Japanese command admitted the loss of an aircraft carrier, 35 planes, and damage to another carrier and one cruiser in the Battle of Midway.

The entire male population (over 16 years of age) of the Czech village of Lidice and the entire female population of the vilage of Ležáky were massacred in retaliation for the June 4 assassination of Nazi official Reinhard Heydrich.

Politics and government
After a conference in Bombay with Hindu nationalist leade Mohandas Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru said that he supported Mr. Gandhi's view that the British should leave India.

A U.S. federal grand jury in Hartford, Connecticut indicted five people on charges of conspiring to send military information about the United States to Germany and Japan during 1941.

The U.S. War Production Board approved immediate construction of a 550-mile, 24-inch steel pipeline from Longview, Texas to Salem, Illinois to deliver 350,000 barrels a day to Salem for distribution in the eastern United States.

Drs. Philip Cohen and Samuel Scadron reported to the American Medical Association that they apparently had immunized babies against whooping cough by vaccinating the mothers three months before the babies' birth.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Alexander Bethune, 95
. Canadian politician. Mr. Bethune, a native of Peterborough, Canada West, was an alderman in Vancouver, British Columbia from 1900-1907 and Mayor of Vancouver from 1907-1908. Mr. Bethune was Mayor during the September 1907 riots against Chinese immigration; he opposed Chinese and Indian immigration to Canada, but regretted the violence expressed by the protesters.

Nuremberg Diary, an account by U.S. Army psychologist G.M. Gilbert of conversations with Nazi war criminals, was published by Farrar & Strauss.

U.S. President Harry Truman began a two-day visit to Ottawa.

Hungarian Premier Lajos Dinnyes announced a purge of "anti-democratic elements" from the army, and said that most of the officer corps had already fled to the West.

Politics and government
Accused Communist agent Gerhard Eisler was convicted in a U.S. federal court in Washington, D.C. of contempt of Congress for refusing to appear as a witness before the House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities.

Economics and finance
The Bizonal Economic Council began functioning in the American and British occupation zones of Germany, with authority over most financial and economic public services.

Canadian Reconstruction Minister C.D. Howe announced a government order authorizing immediate entry of 5,000 European refugees under a new policy admitting all immigrants suitable for employment in labour-short industries.

Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray urged U.S. President Truman to veto the Taft-Hartley Act as a measure for "smashing unions and wrecking collective bargaining," while 180,000 demonstrators in New York City heard veto appeals from Mayor Bill O'Dwyer and former U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace.

The Swedish firm Saab Automobile produced its first automobile.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Letters in the Sand/Bernardine--Pat Boone (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); Love Letters in the Sand--Pat Boone (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1; Top 100--1st week at #1); All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (Jukebox--8th week at #1)

Politics and government
22 straight years of Liberal Party rule ended when the Progressive Conservatives, led by John Diefenbaker, won 112 seats in the Canadian federal election, to 105 for the Liberals, led by Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent. The PC total was an increase of 61 from the most recent election in 1953, while the Liberals lost 64 seats, including nine held by cabinet ministers. The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, led by M.J. Coldwell, captured 25 seats--an increase of 2; and the Social Credit Party, led by Solon Low, won 19--an increase of 4. 4 seats were won by others. The PC total fell far short of the 132 required to form a majority in the 265-seat House of Commons, but Prime Minister St. Laurent chose to allow the PCs to form a government rather than try to continue governing with a Liberal minority. One notable result was in Vancouver Centre, where Progressive Conservative candidate Douglas Jung was elected, becoming the country's first MP of Chinese ancestry.

World events
Sources in London reported that Israel had broken the Arab blockade of the Gulf of Aqaba by sending the Israeli freighter Atlith through the gulf to Elath.

Physicist Robert Helliwell reported that the behaviour of radio signals indicated that Earth's ionosphere extended for 6,000-20,000 miles, instead of 200 miles as previously believed.

The Detroit Red Wings reacquired goaltender Terry Sawchuk from the Boston Bruins in a trade for left winger Johnny Bucyk. Mr. Sawchuk had played six seasons with the Red Wings before being traded to the Bruins after the 1954-55 season. He played 34 games with Boston in 1956-57, posting a goals against average of 2.38 with 2 shutouts, but missing the last half of the season and the playoffs with an injury. Mr. Bucyk played two seasons with Detroit, scoring 10 goals and 11 assists in 66 regular season games in 1956-57, and 1 assist in 5 playoff games.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): This is My Song--Petula Clark (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): A chi--Fausto Leali

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Waterloo Sunset--The Kinks

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Respect--Aretha Franklin (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Respect--Aretha Franklin
2 I Got Rhythm--The Happenings
3 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
4 Release Me (And Let Me Love Again)--Engelbert Humperdinck
5 Creeque Alley--The Mamas and the Papas
6 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
7 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles
8 All I Need--The Temptations
9 Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
10 Mirage--Tommy James and the Shondells

Singles entering the chart were C'mon Marianne by the 4 Seasons (#60); Shake, Rattle and Roll by Arthur Conley (#70); Plastic Man by Sonny and Cher (#80); You Gave Me Something (And Everything’s Alright) by the Fantastic Four (#84); Step Out of Your Mind by the American Breed (#91); Me About You by the Mojo Men (#93); I Can't Help It (If I’m Still in Love with You) by B.J. Thomas (#99); and Temptation by Boots Randolph (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Creeque Alley--The Mamas and the Papas
2 Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
3 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
4 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
5 Release Me (And Let Me Love Again)--Engelbert Humperdinck
6 I Got Rhythm--The Happenings
7 Respect--Aretha Franklin
8 The Happening--The Supremes
9 Here Comes My Baby--The Tremeloes
10 Mirage--Tommy James and the Shondells

Singles entering the chart were San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair) by Scott McKenzie (#58); It's Cold Outside by the Choir (#70); Every Little Bit Hurts by the Spencer Davis Group (#72); The Tracks of My Tears by Johnny Rivers (#79); Pay You Back with Interest by the Hollies (#81); Two in the Afternoon by Dino, Desi and Billy (#85); Don't Sleep in the Subway by Petula Clark (#86); I'll Forget Her Tomorrow by Witness Inc. (#87); You Must Have Been a Beautiful Baby by the Dave Clark Five (#88); Up-Up and Away by the 5th Dimension (#89); Why (Am I Treated So Badly) by the Sweet Inspirations (#91); I Take it Back by Sandy Posey (#92); Stop and Think it Over by Perry Como (#94); Outside the City by the Willows (#95); Have You Seen Her Face by the Byrds (#97); Puppet on a String by Sandie Shaw (#98); and I was Made to Love Her by Stevie Wonder (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 Windy--The Association
2 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles
3 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
4 Respect--Aretha Franklin
5 Here Comes My Baby--The Tremeloes
6 Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
7 Hip Hug-Her--Booker T. and the M.G.'s
8 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
9 I Could Be So Good to You--Don and the Goodtimes
10 There is Love--Jim "Harpo" Valley

Singles entering the chart were C'mon Marianne by the 4 Seasons (#30); Little Bit o' Soul by the Music Explosion (#43); No Good to Cry by the Wildweeds (#45); Let's Live for Today by the Grass Roots (#47); Can't Take My Eyes Off You by Frankie Valli (#48); Brown Eyed Girl by Van Morrison (#49); and Don't Blame the Children by Sammy Davis, Jr. (#50).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 Windy--The Association (2nd week at #1)
2 She'd Rather Be with Me--The Turtles
3 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
4 Round Round--Jonathan King
5 Pay You Back with Interest--The Hollies
6 Here Comes My Baby--The Tremeloes
7 7 Rooms of Gloom--Four Tops
8 Mirage--Tommy James and the Shondells
9 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
10 Little Bit o' Soul--The Music Explosion

Singles entering the chart were Up-Up and Away by the 5th Dimension (#25); C'mon Marianne by the 4 Seasons (#26); The Way I Feel by Gordon Lightfoot (#27); Sunday Will Never Be the Same by Spanky and Our Gang (#28); Do it Again a Little Bit Slower by Jon & Robin and the In Crowd (#29); and Sound of Love by the Five Americans (#30).

Died on this date
Pete Fahrer, 77
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Fahrer played in 5 games with the Cincinnati Reds in 1914, compiling a record of 0-0 with an earned run average of 1.12 in 8 innings. He was 12-13 with a 2.96 ERA in 29 games with the Charlotte Hornets of the Class D North Carolina State League in 1913, and 14-6 with a 3.48 ERA in 24 games with the Dayton Veterans of the Class B Central League in 1914.

Spencer Tracy, 67. U.S. actor. Mr. Tracy won Academy Awards for Best Actor for Captains Courageous (1937) and Boys Town (1938), and was nominated in the same category for his performances in seven other movies, including Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967), filming of which was completed 17 days before he died of a heart attack after years of failing health. He was known for an on-screen and off-screen romantic relationship with Katharine Hepburn.

The two-day KFRC Fantasy Fair and Magic Mountain Music Festival began at the 4,000-seat Sidney B. Cushing Memorial Amphitheatre high on the south face of Mount Tamalpais in Marin County, California.

Fighting in the Six-Day War concluded when Israeli forces halted their advance into Syria.

Politics and government
Abdirascid Ali Scermarche was elected President of Somalia by the National Assembly.

Horse racing
Damascus, with Bill Shoemaker up, followed his Preakness Stakes win by winning the 99th running of the Belmont Stakes at Aqueduct Racetrack, New York in a time of 2:28 4/5. Cool Reception placed second. It was the fifth straight and last Belmont Stakes to take place at Aqueduct, as the grandstands at Belmont Park were being reconstructed.

Roger Maris hit a 3-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 5-2 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 30,090 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The Dodgers scored their runs in the top of the 1st inning, but the Cardinals tied the game on a 2-run homer by Bobby Tolan in the 7th.

Pinch hitter George Spriggs tripled with 1 out in the 9th inning and Matty Alou followed with a single to drive in the winning run as the Pittsburgh Pirates edged the Philadelphia Phillies 4-3 before 17,587 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

Willie McCovey, Tom Haller, and Jim Ray Hart hit home runs to help the San Francisco Giants beat the Atlanta Braves 7-4 before 40,047 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Felipe Alou and Gary Geiger homered for the Braves. For Mr. Geiger, it was his 77th and last career major league home run. Atlanta's Glen Clark struck out as a pinch hitter in the 7th inning in his fourth and last major league game. Gaylord Perry pitched a 10-hit complete game victory.

Deron Johnson batted 3 for 3 with a double, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in to help the Cincinnati Reds defeat the Houston Astros 9-4 before 8,252 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Mel Queen pitched a 7-hit complete game victory to improve his record for the season to 7-1, and batted 2 for 4 with a double. Jim Wynn hit a 3-run home run for Houston in the 9th inning.

Gary Peters pitched a 4-hit shutout and hit a 2-run home run and a single as the Chicago White Sox blanked the New York Yankees 9-0 before 15,574 fans at Yankee Stadium. The White Sox amassed 18 hits, a rare offensive outburst for the White Sox in 1967.

Frank Howard drove in 3 runs with a pair of home runs to help the Washington Senators defeat the Boston Red Sox 7-3 before 15,634 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Tony Oliva hit a home run and a double and drove in 6 runs, and Rich Rollins hit 2 solo homers, as the Minnesota Twins beat the Baltimore Orioles 8-1 before 8,813 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Jim Kaat pitched a 6-hit complete game victory, improving his record for the season to 2-7.

The Kansas City Athletics scored 5 runs in the 7th inning as they beat the Cleveland Indians 10-1 before 23,450 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Ramon Webster and Dave Duncan hit home runs for Kansas City.

Clyde Wright allowed 4 hits in 7 innings to get his first win of the season and Minnie Rojas followed with 2 hitless innings of relief as the California Angels shut out the Detroit Tigers 2-0 before 19,417 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Jose Cardenal provided the winning run with a home run off Earl Wilson to lead off the bottom of the 6th inning.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Ain't that Just the Way--Barbi Benton (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ma Baker--Boney M.

#1 single in France: L'oiseau et l'enfant--Marie Myriam (5th week at #1)

Egyptian Foreign Minister Ismail Fahmi and U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko concluded two days of talks in Moscow over ways to reduce tensions between their countries.

A perch with a large appetite for goldfish was netted after a two-year rampage in a pond in Kent, England.

Al Geiberger shot a 59--the first sub-60 round ever recorded in a PGA Tour event--in the second round of the Memphis Golf Classic at Colonial Country Club. His round included 11 birdies, an eagle, and an 8-foot birdie putt on the 18th hole.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Elizabeth Hartman, 43
. U.S. actress. Miss Hartman was best known for her starring roles in A Patch of Blue (1965); The Group (1966); and You’re a Big Boy Now (1966). Depression derailed her career and life, and she committed suicide by jumping from her fifth-floor apartment window while she was an outpatient at a psychiatric facility in Pittsburgh.

Economics and finance
The three-day summit of the leaders of the seven major Western industrial nations concluded in Venice. The summit included declarations of support for efforts to resolve the international trade problems and preserve “the principle of freedom of navigation” in the Persian Gulf.

Pope John Paul II, speaking in Tarnow, Poland, expressed support for the right of farmers to resist the government’s attempts to collectivize their land.

Politics and government
South Korea’s ruling Democratic Justice Party chose Roh Tae Woo, the party’s chief and a friend of President Chun Doo Hwan, as its candidate in the December 1987 presidential election.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (3rd week at #1)

An international tribunal ruled that waters off southern Newfoundland around the islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon that were claimed by France should be under Canadian control. France was granted 24 nautical miles around most of the area, approximately 1/3 of the area originally claimed.

Chicago 88 @ Portland 93 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Clyde Drexler and Jerome Kersey each scored 21 points for the Trail Blazers as they came back from an early 22-9 deficit to defeat the Bulls before 12,888 fans at Memorial Coliseum. Michael Jordan led Chicago with 32 points and added 6 assists.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Son Sen, 66
. Cambodian politician. Son Sen was Minister of Defense and Deputy Prime Minister with the Communist Khmer Rouge dictatorship of Prime Minister Pol Pot in the Democratic Republic of Kampuchea from 1976-1979. Two days before his 67th birthday, Son Sen and 13 members of his family were executed on orders of Pol Pot.

Kevin Brown pitched a no-hitter for the Florida Marlins as they blanked the San Francisco Giants 9-0 before 10,257 fans at 3Com Park at Candlestick Point in San Francisco.

The Montreal Expos scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 8-5 before 27,823 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.

The Cincinnati Reds allowed 5 runs in the 2nd inning, but came back to beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 8-5 before 18,556 fans at Cinergy Field in Cincinnati.

Juan Gomez singled home Wally Joyner with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the San Diego Padres a 6-5 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 14,527 fans at Qualcomm Stadium in San Diego. The Dodgers scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th to take a 5-3 lead, but Tony Gwynn doubled home 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th to tie the game.

Mo Vaughn batted 3 for 3 with a home run in the first game and 3 for 4 with a homer in the second game, but his Boston Red Sox still lost a doubleheader to the Baltimore Orioles 7-2 and 4-2 before 30,995 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

The New York Yankees scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 5th inning as they routed the Chicago White Sox 12-1 before 28,079 fans at Yankee Stadium. Jeff Abbott made his major league debut in left field with the White Sox, batting 0 for 4, and making 2 putouts.

10 years ago

Cleveland 92 @ San Antonio 103 (San Antonio led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Tony Parker scored 30 points and Tim Duncan contributed 23 points, 9 rebounds, and 8 assists as the Spurs easily defeated the Cavaliers before 18,797 fans at AT&T Center. LeBron James led Cleveland with 25 points and 6 assists.

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