Born on this date
Happy Birthday, James Remnant!
1,250 years ago
Died on this date
Paul I, 66 or 67. Roman Catholic Pope, 757-767. Paul I succeeded his brother Stephen II as pope. Pope Paul's reign reign was dominated by relations with the Frankish and Lombard kings and with the Eastern emperor. His death resulted in rival claims for papal throne by antipopes Constanine II and Philip before Stephen III was elected Pope in 768.
210 years ago
In the second British invasion of the Río de la Plata, John Whitelocke landed at Ensenada in an attempt to recapture Buenos Aires.
150 years ago
Born on this date
Luigi Pirandello. Italian writer. Mr. Pirandello wrote novels, short stories, and poems, but was best known for his plays. He was awarded the 1934 Nobel Prize in Literature for "his almost magical power to turn psychological analysis into good theatre." Mr. Pirandello died on December 10, 1936 at the age of 69.
125 years ago
The U.S. Navy battleship USS Texas was launched at Norfolk, Virginia.
75 years ago
German forces started their strategic summer offensive--codenamed Fall Blau (Case Blue)--in southern Russia. The U.S. Navy reported that four Japanese aircraft carriers--the Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, and Hiryu--had been sunk during the Battle of Midway. The U.S. Western Defense Command announced that German and Italian aliens would be permitted to return to their homes in that area.
Brazilian Foreign Minister Oswaldo Aranha announced that all of Brazil's ocean-going merchant marine would be placed under the jurisdiction of the Allied Shipping Control Board.
The U.S. National Education Association proposed the creation of a nationwide teachers placement service to be established and controlled by the U.S. Employment Service.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep)--Perry Como
A document submitted to the United Nations Palestine Inquiry Commission in Jerusalem by the Irgun Zvai Leumi terrorist organization demanded the creation of a Jewish state covering Palestine and Transjordan.
Yugoslavia rejected the United Nations Balkan Inquiry Commission's request for permission to investigate charges of Greek guerrilla encampments in Yugoslavian territory.
Stern Gang gumen fired on British soldiers outside a theatre in Tel Aviv, killing three and wounding two.
Former Baltimore journalist Douglas Chandler was convicted in Boston of 10 counts of treason for acting as a Nazi broadcaster during World War II.
Politics and government
The Progressive Citizens of America, meeting in Chicago, approved a resolution stating that a third party may be required in the 1948 elections to give American voters a political choice.
The Central Conference of American Rabbis, a reform group, voted in Montreal to retain a 1909 resolution opposing marriages between Jews and unconverted non-Jews.
60 years ago
#1 single in France (IFOP): Bambino--Dalida (13th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Puttin' on the Style/Gamblin' Man--Lonnie Donegan
The U.S. State Department rejected requests from 11 Arab states that the United States suspend military aid to France on the grounds that U.S. arms were being used against Algerian nationalists.
The U.S. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People awarded its Spingarn Medal for high achievement to Montgomery, Alabama civil rights leader Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Economics and finance
The U.S. Reconstruction Finance Corporation suspended operations.
Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick removed three Cincinnati Redlegs from the starting lineup of the July 9 major league All-Star Game at St. Louis after Cincinnati fans stuffed the ballot box. First baseman George Crowe and outfielders Gus Bell and Wally Post were removed and replaced by first baseman Stan Musial of the St. Louis Cardinals and outfielders Willie Mays of the New York Giants and Hank Aaron of the Milwaukee Braves. Fans weren't allowed to vote again for All-Star Game starting lineups until 1970.
50 years ago
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 This is My Song--Petula Clark (4th week at #1)
2 Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw
3 When I was Young--Eric Burdon & the Animals
4 New York Mining Disaster 1941--Bee Gees
5 Somethin' Stupid--Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
6 The Girls in Paris--Lee Hazlewood
7 The Happening--The Supremes
8 Young Girl-The Twilights
9 Creeque Alley--The Mamas and the Papas
10 Don't Blame the Children--Sammy Davis, Jr.
Singles entering the chart were A Whiter Shade of Pale by Procol Harum (#25); Waterloo Sunset by the Kinks (#31); and Finchley Central by the New Vaudeville Band (#40).
Jayne Mansfield performed two shows at Gus Stevens Supper Club in Biloxi, Mississippi. She and two companions were killed in a car accident early the next morning.
Israel declared Jerusalem reunified under its sovereignty following its capture of the Arab sector in the Six-Day War.
Two days of rioting by Negroes on the east side of Buffalo, New York concluded, resulting in widespread vandalism.
40 years ago
On the radio
CBS Radio Mystery Theater
Tonight's episode: The Adventure of the Speckled Band, starring Kevin McCarthy and Court Benson
Politics and government
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 7-2 to uphold a law passed by Congress in 1974 that directed the U.S. government to control Richard Nixon's presidential papers and tape recordings. Mr. Nixon had challenged the law on the grounds of separation of powers; protection of privacy; prohibition against bills of attainder; right of association; and privilege for confidential communications. The court majority held that Congress had a right to treat Mr. Nixon as "a legitimate class of one" in passing a special law regarding his papers, because the case arose in "a context unique in the history of the presidency," requiring "immediate action," due to the danger that some of the 42 million documents and 880 tapes might be destroyed.
Hamilton (2-1) 20 @ Ottawa (1-1-1) 36
Winnipeg (3-0) 34 @ British Columbia (1-2) 17
30 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)--Whitney Houston
#1 single in France: Viens boire un p'tit coup à la maison--License IV (12th week at #1)
For the first time in military history, a civilian population was targeted for chemical attack when Iraqi warplanes bombed the Iranian town of Sardasht.
Saskatchewan (1-1) 1 @ British Columbia (1-0) 44
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): White Men Can't Jump--Riff
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap!
An earthquake measuring 7.4 on the Richter scale—the highest reading in California in 40 years—struck southern California. Its epicentre was in Yucca Valley, about 90 miles east of Los Angeles. A second quake, measuring 6.5 with an epicentre about 20 miles west of the first quake, struck three hours later. One child was killed, 350 people were injured, and damage was estimated at $16 million.
Toronto (1-2) 28 @ Calgary (2-1) 36
20 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Around the World--Daft Punk (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Love and Respect--Supa T & the Party Animals
#1 single in France (SNEP): Alane--Wes (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Ecuador--Sash! (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): María--Ricky Martin (8th week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): MMMBop--Hanson (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (3rd week at #1)
Evander Holyfield (34-3) retained his World Boxing Association world heavyweight title at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas when former champion Mike Tyson (45-3), who had lost the title to Mr. Holyfield seven months earlier, was disqualified at the end of the 3rd round for biting and bloodying both of Mr. Holyfield's ears. The bites left Mr. Holyfield howling in pain and resulted in Mr. Tyson's disqualification and permanent ban from fighting in Nevada. The ban was lifted 16 months later.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Eugene Fluckey, 93. U.S. military officer. Rear Admiral Fluckey, nicknamed "Lucky Fluckey," received the Medal of Honor and four Navy Crosses for his service as a U.S. Navy submarine commander during World War II.
Kiichi Miyazawa, 87. Prime Minister of Japan, 1991-1993. Mr. Miyazawa, a member of the Liberal Democratic Party, was first elected to the Diet in 1953, and held various positions before becoming Prime Minister. He resigned after his government lost a non-confidence vote.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) confirmed the Rideau Canal, which stretches from Ottawa to Kingston, Onatario, as a World Heritage Site.
The American bald eagle was removed from the endangered species list.
The Supreme Court of Canada unanimously upheld the laws restricting tobacco companies from advertising their products; the companies argued that the laws violated their right to freedom of expression.
British Columbia (1-0) 24 @ Toronto (0-1) 22
Winnipeg (0-0-1) 39 @ Edmonton (0-0-1) 39
Charles Roberts rushed 2 yards for his fourth touchdown of the game, and Troy Westwood's convert tied the game in the first overtime possession to give the Blue Bombers their tie against the Eskimos before 33,038 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Neither team was able to score in the second overtime possession. Edmonton quarterback Ricky Ray, who completed 33 of 42 passes for 394 yards and 5 touchdowns, connected with Jason Tucker for his second touchdown of the game in the first overtime possession. The Blue Bombers had forced the overtime on a 15-yard touchdown pass from Kevin Glenn to Milt Stegall with 31 seconds remaining in regulation time, converted by Mr. Westwood, 2 minutes 17 seconds after Mr. Ray had completed a 4-yard TD pass to Kamau Peterson to put the Eskimos ahead. Edmonton running back Tyler Ebell played his first Canadian Football League game, rushing 16 times for 132 yards--including a 56-yard burst from deep in Edmonton territory--and catching 7 passes for 35 yards, including a 5-yard TD from Mr. Ray to open the scoring 4 minutes into the game. Former British Columbia Lion T.J. Acree, playing his first game as an Eskimo, led Edmonton receivers with 9 receptions for 123 yards.
Victoria Cross Recipients: First World War now on Flickr - The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest military decoration in the Commonwealth and takes precedence over all other medals, decorations and orders. A recogn...
14 hours ago