Tuesday, 29 March 2011

March 31, 2011

90 years ago
1921

Hockey

NHL/PCHA
Stanley Cup
Finals
Ottawa Senators (NHL) 2 @ Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) 3 (Best-of-five series tied 2-2)

80 years ago
1931

Died on this date
Knute Rockne, 43
. U.S. football coach. Mr. Rockne, a native of Norway, was head coach at the University of Notre Dame from 1918 until his death. He was credited with popularizing the forward pass. The Fighting Irish compiled a record of 105 wins, 12 losses, and 5 ties in 13 seasons under Mr. Rockne, and became an American institution. His teams won national championships in 1919; 1920; 1924; 1929; and 1930. Mr. Rockne, who was flying from Kansas City to Los Angeles to make a football movie, was killed along with six other people when their plane’s engines failed and it crashed in a pasture near Bazaar, Kansas. The biographical movie Knute Rockne, All American, starring Pat O’Brien, was released in 1940.

60 years ago
1951


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Be My Love--Mario Lanza (5th week at #1)
2 If--Perry Como
3 My Heart Cries for You--Guy Mitchell
--Dinah Shore
--Vic Damone
--Jimmy Wakely
4 You’re Just in Love--Perry Como
5 The Tennessee Waltz--Patti Page
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Les Paul and Mary Ford
--Jo Stafford
6 Aba Daba Honeymoon--Debbie Reynolds and Carleton Carpenter
7 Mockin’ Bird Hill--Les Paul and Mary Ford
--Patti Page
8 A Penny a Kiss--Tony Martin and Dinah Shore
9 Would I Love You (Love You, Love You)--Patti Page
10 The Roving Kind--Guy Mitchell
--The Weavers

Singles entering the chart were Lonesome Gal by Dinah Shore (#25); Always You, with versions by Bobby Wayne and Nat King Cole (#30); and Shenandoah Waltz, with versions by the Baron Eliot Octet and Tommy Tucker and his Orchestra.

50 years ago
1961


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Long Distance Call, starring Billy Mumy, Lili Darvas, and Philip Abbott

This was the sixth and last episode to be shot on videotape instead of film. The videotaped episodes were transferred to film for television broadcast, but were restored to their original format for release on videocassette and DVD.

40 years ago
1971


Space
The satellite ISIS-2, a U.S.-Canada collaboration, was launched. Its mission was to study ionization in the atmosphere.

Crime
The court-martial jury that had convicted U.S. Army Lieutenant William Calley of murder two days earlier for his role in the 1968 massacre of civilians in the South Vietnamese hamlet of My Lai sentenced him to life imprisonment along with dismissal from the service and forfeiture of his pay and allowances, but he was to retain his status and pay until the case was reviewed by another command.

Diplomacy
India introduced a resolution to the United Nations charging that the killing of rebels in Bangladesh by Pakistani soldiers "amounts to genocide."

Disasters
Four pilots on a Western Airlines training flight were killed when it crashed and burned on landing at Ontario, California.

30 years ago
1981


Movies
After a one-day postponement because of the assassination attempt on U.S. President Ronald Reagan, the Academy Awards were presented, with Ordinary People named Best Picture. Other Oscars included: Director--Robert Redford (Ordinary People); Actor--Robert De Niro (Raging Bull); Actress--Sissy Spacek (Coal Miner's Daughter); Supporting Actor--Timothy Hutton (Ordinary People); Supporting Actress--Mary Steenburgen (Melvin and Howard); Foreign Language Film--Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears.

World events
The doctors treating U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who had been shot in Washington by John Hinckley the previous day, admitted that Mr. Reagan, who was making tremendous progress, had been in danger of losing his life immediately after the shooting. He had been having breathing problems, was having chest pains, was spitting up blood, and his blood pressure was low and falling. Mr. Reagan’s press secretary, James Brady, who had been shot in the head, was showing miraculous improvement; he was conscious and could move his right arm and leg, despite extensive damage to his brain tissue.

Terrorism
An Indonesian jet with 55 passengers and crew members aboard that had been held hostage at Bangkok for two days was rushed by Indonesian commandos, who killed four of the five hijackers and freed the hostages. The gun battle lasted three minutes.

25 years ago
1986


Politics and government
Thousands of people gathered in London to mark the last day of the Greater London Council, which had been abolished after 97 years by the Conservative government of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.

Disasters
All 166 people aboard a Mexican airliner were killed when it crashed in a mountainous region of central Mexico.

Augustine Volcano in Cook Inlet in Alaska erupted for the second time in five days. It lifted ash eight miles into the sky and plunged the fishing village of Homer into darkness at noon.

20 years ago
1991


Politics and government
In the first multiparty national election since World War II, Albanian voters chose to stick with the ruling Workers’ (Communist) Party. The Workers’ Party won about 2/3 of the popular vote and a large majority in parliament. The opposition Democratic Party did well in urban areas, but rural voters backed the Communists.

Curling
Men's world championship
Final
Scotland 7 Canada 2

Hockey
NHL
Quebec 4 Montreal 1

10 years ago
2001


World events
Before dawn, Serbian police and security forces attempted to arrest former President Slobodan Milosevic at his home in Belgrade. The arrest, for allegations of corruption while in office, was unrelated to his indictment by an international tribunal for war crimes. His supporters, fearing an attempt to arrest him, had massed at his compound. At 2 A.M., 100 or more police officers appeared at the compound, joined at 2:30 A.M. by special forces units. A Yugoslav army unit also barred access to the compound for a while. Shots were exchanged by the authorities and by bodyguards and armed supporters of Mr. Milosevic in the compound, with two police officers wounded. The standoff continued throughout the day.

Economics and finance
Canada’s softwood lumber deal with the United States expired. U.S. companies immediately began asking Washington to establish anti-dumping and countervailing duties against Canadian products.

Basketball
NCAA
Men's Championship @ Minneapolis
Semi-finals
Duke 95 Maryland 84
Arizona 80 Michigan State 61

Duke overcame a 22-point deficit to advance to the final. Michigan State was the defending national champion.

March 30, 2011

80 years ago
1931

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Adventure of Shoscombe Old Place

50 years ago
1961


At the movies
One-Eyed Jacks opened in theatres. The western starred Marlon Brando and was the only movie he ever directed.

Space
The mission of Transit III-B-Lofti--two unseparated U.S. satellites that had been gathering data for a navigational satellite system, geodetic measurements, and radio transmission--ended. The satellites had been launched on February 21 from Cape Canaveral, Florida atop a single rocket, but they failed to separate as planned, and went into an elliptical orbit of Earth instead on near-circular orbits. The radio transmitters operated, but the quality of the data was hurt by the elliptical orbit.

Diplomacy
U.S. President John F. Kennedy announced the selection of the National Advisory Council for the Peace Corps. Vice-President Lyndon Johnson was named chairman and U.S. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas was named honourary chairman.

40 years ago
1971


Boxing
Herschel Jacobs (25-17-2) scored a technical knockout over former world light heavyweight champion Harold Johnson (76-11) at 24 seconds of the 3rd round in a heavyweight bout at Sunnyside Garden, Queens, New York. The fight, which wzs stopped because of cuts, was the last for Mr. Johnson, 42, who had begun boxing professionally in 1946.

30 years ago
1981


World events
U.S. President Ronald Reagan and his press secretary James Brady were wounded when shot by John Hinckley in Washington.

Movies
Because of the assassination attempt on U.S. President Ronald Reagan, the presentation of the Academy Awards for 1980 was postponed until the following night.

20 years ago
1991


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
2 Someday--Mariah Carey
3 One More Try--Timmy -T-
4 This House--Tracie Spencer
5 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
6 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
7 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
8 State of the World--Janet Jackson
9 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston
10 Get Here--Oleta Adams

Singles entering the chart included Losing My Religion by R.E.M. (#76); What Comes Naturally (#86); Word of Mouth by Mike + the Mechanics (#87); and Here I Am (Come and Take Me) by UB40 (#89).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Someday--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
2 All This Time--Sting
3 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
4 Waiting for Love--Alias
5 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
6 Wicked Game--Chris Isaak
7 Rescue Me--Madonna
8 Joyride--Roxette
9 Waiting for that Day--George Michael
10 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat

Singles entering the chart included I Will Be Here by Steve Winwood (#79); Call Me and I’ll Be There by Rita MacNeil (#87); If You Lean on Me by Colin James (#88); and Word of Mouth by Mike + the Mechanics (#99).

War
Iraqi government forces recaptured Kirkuk from Kurdish rebels, and hundreds of thousands of Kurds were reported fleeing to the mountains.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 4 Quebec 3

Basketball
NCAA
Men’s championship semi-finals @ Indianapolis
Duke 79 Nevada at Las Vegas 77

Christian Laettner scored 18 points to lead the Blue Devils to an upset win at the Hoosier Dome, ending the Runnin’ Rebels’ winning streak at 45 games, and advancing to the final against the University of Kansas Jayhawks.

10 years ago
2001


War
Six Palestinians were killed and 100 wounded in new clashes with Israeli forces. Palestinians participated in mass demonstrations against Israeli attacks.

March 29, 2011

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Alexandra Duenas Mejia!

60 years ago
1951


Crime
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted and sentenced to death for passing U.S. atomic secrets to the U.S.S.R.

Defense
The Council of Ministers of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization closed its seventh annual conference in Bangkok with a communiqué stating that if "there continues to be an active military attempt to obtain control of Laos, members of SEATO are prepared, within the terms of the treaty, to take whatever action may be appropriate in the circumstances." It said SEATO noted "with grave concern the continued offensive by rebel elements in Laos who are continuing to be supplied and assisted by Communist powers in...disregard of the Geneva accord." U.S. Secretary of State Dean Rusk had unsuccessfully sought a stronger resolution committing SEATO to fight if necessary to prevent a Communist takeover of Laos. It was reported that the U.S. administration of President John F. Kennedy, in a private diplomatic communication to the Soviet Union, had given a sharper warning.

40 years ago
1971


Crime
U.S. Army Lieutenant William Calley was convicted of murder at a court-martial for his role in the March 16, 1968 massacre of civilians in the South Vietnamese hamlet of My Lai.

Charles Manson and three members of his "family" were sentenced to death in the gas chamber in California for the murders of actress Sharon Tate and eight other people in Los Angeles in 1969.

World events
India asked United Nations Secretary-General U Thant to "help stop the massacre of unarmed people" in Pakistan. East Pakistan had declared its independence three days earlier, taking the name Bangladesh.

Boxing
Former world heavyweight champion Floyd Patterson (49-7-1) scored a technical knockout over Roger Russell (11-9-2) at 1:29 of the 9th round at the Philadelphia Arena.

30 years ago
1981


Weather
Edmonton got its first rain of the year.

Terrorism
Hijackers holding an Indonesian jet at the Bangkok airport shot and wounded an American hostage when he tried to escape. 55 passengers and crew members remained on the plane. The hijackers were demanding that Indonesia release 20 political prisoners, but they raised the number to 80, then 84.

Track and field
Dick Beardsley of the United States and Inge Simonsen of Norway crossed the tape together as they led 6,700 participants in the first London Marathon.

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rock Me Amadeus--Falco
2 These Dreams--Heart
3 Secret Lovers-Atlantic Starr
4 R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A.--John Cougar Mellencamp
5 Kiss--Prince and the Revolution
6 What You Need--INXS
7 Sara--Starship
8 Kyrie--Mr. Mister
9 Nikita--Elton John
10 Sanctify Yourself--Simple Minds

Singles entering the chart were Greatest Love of All by Whitney Houston (#52); Is it Love by Mr. Mister (#57); Rough Boy by ZZ Top (#67); Never as Good as the First Time by Sade (#75); Absolute Beginners by David Bowie (#88); and A Good Heart by Feargal Sharkey (#89). Absolute Beginners was the title song of a movie that starred Mr. Bowie.

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Don’t Forget Me (When I’m Gone)--Glass Tiger
2 Sara--Starship
3 Nikita--Elton John
4 How Will I Know--Whitney Houston
5 Kyrie--Mr. Mister
6 These Dreams--Heart
7 A Good Heart--Feargal Sharkey
8 Silent Running--Mike + the Mechanics
9 Conga--Miami Sound Machine
10 Secret Lovers--Atlantic Starr

Singles entering the chart were Absolute Beginners by David Bowie (#73); Take Me Home by Phil Collins (#82); and What Have You Done for Me Lately by Janet Jackson (#92).

Crime
An Italian court freed three Bulgarians and three Turks who had been charged with conspiring to assassinate Pope John Paul II in 1981. One of the Turks acquitted was Mehmet Ali Agca, who had fired the shots. Mr. Agca was the principal government witness in the conspiracy trial, but his erratic behaviour undermined his credibility. He was already in prison for the shooting and was convicted of complicity in smuggling the weapon he had used into Italy. In its ruling, the court did not find the accused innocent, but only that the evidence of their guilt was insufficient. The court did convict another Turk, Omer Bagci, of storing and delivering the weapon, but no sentence could be imposed because he had been extradited from Switzerland only on the conspiracy charge.

20 years ago
1991


Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had increased 1.1% in February, ending a six-month decline.

Monday, 28 March 2011

March 28, 2011

90 years ago
1921

Hockey

NHL/PCHA
Stanley Cup
Finals
Ottawa Senators (NHL) 3 @ Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) 2 (Ottawa led best-of-five series 2-1)

75 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Dying Detective

70 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Virginia Woolf, 59
. U.K. author. Regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the 20th century, Mrs. Woolf wrote books which included Jacob’s Room (1922); Mrs. Dalloway (1925); To the Lighthouse (1927); Orlando (1928); and A Room of One’s Own (1929). She had suffered mental breakdowns, and drowned herself in the Ouse River because she feared having another breakdown from which she might not recover.

50 years ago
1961


Disasters
A four-engine Czechoslovak Airlines Ilyushin-18 turbo-prop plane exploded in midair, crashed and burned near Russelbach, West Germany, killing all 52 people aboard.

40 years ago
1971


Golf
A week after winning the Greater Jacksonville Open, Gary Player won the National Airlines Open at Miami, Florida, taking first prize money of $40,000.

30 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rapture--Blondie

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rapture--Blondie
2 Woman--John Lennon
3 Keep on Loving You--REO Speedwagon
4 9 to 5--Dolly Parton
5 The Best of Times--Styx
6 Crying--Don McLean
7 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall and John Oates
8 Hello Again--Neil Diamond
9 Celebration--Kool & the Gang
10 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton

Singles entering the chart included Watching the Wheels by John Lennon (#71); Bette Davis Eyes by Kim Carnes (#72); Say You’ll Be Mine by Christopher Cross (#74); What are We Doin’ in Love by Dottie West (with Kenny Rogers) (#81); Jessie’s Girl by Rick Springfield (#81); I Loved ‘Em Every One by T.G. Sheppard (#87); Blessed are the Believers by Anne Murray (#88); Lover by Michael Stanley Band (#90); 96 Tears by Garland Jeffreys (#94); and Don’t Know Much by Bill Medley (#95).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Celebration--Kool & the Gang
2 Woman--John Lennon
3 9 to 5--Dolly Parton
4 Rapture--Blondie
5 The Best of Times--Styx
6 Keep on Loving You--REO Speedwagon
7 Wasn’t That a Party--The Rovers
8 A Little in Love--Cliff Richard
9 I Ain’t Gonna Stand for It--Stevie Wonder
10 Turn Me Loose--Loverboy

Singles entering the chart were I Missed Again by Phil Collins (#39); Ain’t Even Done with the Night by John Cougar (#43); The Party’s Over by Journey (#45); and Super Trouper by Abba (#47).

Disasters
11 construction workers were killed and 27 injured when a condominium under construction collapsed in Cocoa Beach, Florida.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 4 @ Detroit 2
Chicago 2 @ Boston 5
Pittsburgh 4 @ New York Islanders 4
New York Rangers 6 @ Montreal 2
Calgary 5 @ Toronto 9
Buffalo 4 @ St. Louis 7
Minnesota 2 @ Los Angeles 3

25 years ago
1986


Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had increased 0.7% in February.

20 years ago
1991


Protest
More than 100,000 supporters of Russian President Boris Yeltsin took to the streets in Moscow despite Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev’s ban on demonstrations in Moscow.

War
A Shiite leader in Iraq said that the Shiites were still conducting guerrilla warfare against government forces.

Law
Former U.S. President broke with the views of the National Rifle Association and delivered a speech at George Washington University in which he endorsed the so-called Brady Bill, currently before Congress, that would require a seven-day waiting period for the purchase of a handgun, during which law enforcement personnel could check on the background of the purchaser. The bill was named after Mr. Reagan’s press secretary, James Brady, who had been seriously wounded in the assassination attempt on Mr. Reagan 10 years earlier.

Disasters
A coroner’s jury voted 9-2 to return a verdict of accidental death in the 1989 collapse of the grandstand at the Hillsborough stadium in Sheffield, England that resulted in the deaths of 96 people.

Hockey
NHL
Chicago 5 Toronto 3

10 years ago
2001


Terrorism
A suicide bomber killed two Israeli teenagers as they waited for a school bus in Jerusalem. In immediate retaliation, Israeli helicopter gunships attacked the bases and camps of the personal security forces of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.

Saturday, 26 March 2011

March 27, 2011

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Nyambura!

60 years ago
1951


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Three of Silence, starring Robert Emhardt, Betty Garde, and Walter Slezak

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Surrender--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. President John F. Kennedy and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko met at the White House to discuss Laos, where Communist-supported forces were rebelling against the government. Both men expressed hope for a peaceful solution, but there was no indication that they agreed on the means.

Boxing
Chico Vejar (92-20-4) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Edmonton’s Wilf Greaves (33-17-1) in a middleweight bout at St. Nicholas Arena in New York City. After the fight, Mr. Vejar made a brief speech to the crowd announcing his retirement from professional boxing, and he kept his word.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Hot Love--T. Rex (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Me and Bobby McGee--Janis Joplin (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 She’s a Lady--Tom Jones
2 Doesn’t Somebody Want to Be Wanted--The Partridge Family
3 Me and Bobby McGee--Janis Joplin
4 Just My Imagination (Running Away With Me)--The Temptations
5 Proud Mary--Ike and Tina Turner
6 For All We Know--Carpenters
7 One Bad Apple--The Osmonds
8 What is Life--George Harrison
9 What’s Going On--Marvin Gaye
10 Cried Like a Baby--Bobby Sherman

Singles entering the chart included Warpath by the Isley Brothers (#80); Stop! In the Name of Love by Margie Joseph (#81); Me and My Arrow by Nilsson (#83); Me and You and a Dog Named Boo by Lobo (#91); Freedom by Jimi Hendrix (#93); Nickel Song by the New Seekers (#96); and Here Comes the Sun by Richie Havens (#100).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM) http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/rpm/028020-119.01-e.php?brws_s=1&file_num=nlc008388.5202&type=1&interval=24&PHPSESSID=k7f7devtrbd7hlte18hb5bp9s2
1 Doesn’t Somebody Want to Be Wanted--The Partridge Family
2 She’s a Lady--Tom Jones
3 Stay Awhile--The Bells
4 What is Life--George Harrison
5 For All We Know--Carpenters
6 Me and Bobby McGee--Janis Joplin
7 Oye Como Va--Santana
8 Have You Ever Seen the Rain/Hey Tonight--Creedence Clearwater Revival
9 (Where Do I Begin) Love Story--Andy Williams
10 Carry Me--Stampeders

Singles entering the chart included I Am...I Said by Neil Diamond (#76); If by Bread (#87); Freedom by Jimi Hendrix (#94); Friends by Elton John (#95); A Country Boy Named Willy by Spring (#96); Timothy by the Buoys (#97); and Patricia by Ronnie Hawkins (#100).

Calgary's top 10
1 Where Evil Grows--The Poppy Family
2 Have You Ever Seen the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
3 Woodstock--Matthews' Southern Comfort
4 Temptation Eyes--The Grass Roots
5 What is Life--George Harrison
6 She's a Lady--Tom Jones
7 Carry Me--Stampeders
8 Theme from Love Story--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus
9 Me and Bobby McGee--Janis Joplin
10 Blue Money--Van Morrison
Pick hit of the Week: Joy to the World--Three Dog Night

Disasters
The oil tanker Texas Oklahoma, with 44 men aboard, split in half and quickly sank 120 miles of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. Within two days, only 13 survivors had been picked up within the resulting 100-mile oil slick.

30 years ago
1981


Terrorism
Four men hijacked a Honduran airliner and forced it to fly from Nicaragua to Panama City. The hijackers demanded that Honduras free 16 imprisoned Salvadoran leftists. Honduras refused to co-operate, and the hijackers surrendered to Panamanian officials, requesting asylum in Cuba.

Labour
The United Mine Workers membership rejected a tentative agreement from the Bituminous Coal Operators Association and went on strike; scattered non-union mines were also shut down. The coal companies had offered a pay increase of 36% over three years, but had eliminated the royalties that they would pay to the union when they bought non-union coal.

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 17 (CHED)
1 Don't Forget Me (When I'm Gone)--Glass Tiger
2 Kiss--Prince and the Revolution
3 Secret Lovers--Atlantic Starr
4 Nikita--Elton John
5 How Will I Know--Whitney Houston
6 These Dreams--Heart
7 R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A.--John Cougar Mellencamp
8 Sara--Starship
9 This Could Be the Night--Loverboy
10 Eurasian Eyes--Corey Hart
11 Sanctify Yourself--Simple Minds
12 What You Need--INXS
13 Manic Monday--Bangles
14 Let's Go All the Way--Sly Fox
15 Feel it Again--Honeymoon Suite
16 West End Girls--Pet Shop Boys
17 People See Through You--Bruce Cockburn

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: Take My Life...Please!, starring Tim Thomerson and Xander Berkeley; Devil’s Alphabet, starring Ben Cross and Hywel Bennett; The Library, starring Frances Conroy

Defense
The United States Senate voted 53-47 to approve $100 million in aid for the Contras in Nicaragua who were opposing the Sandanista government of President Daniel Ortega. $25 million would go to the Contras immediately, and $75 million would be held for 90 days while diplomats sought a settlement.

Politics and government
Adlai Stevenson III, who had been nominated on March 18 as the Democratic candidate for Governor of Illinois in the fall election, said that he would seek to run as an independent rather than be associated with the Democratic candidates for lieutenant governor and secretary of state, both of whom were supporters of conspiracy theorist Lyndon LaRouche.

Disasters
Augustine Volcano, rising 4,025 feet above sea level in Cook Inlet in Alaska, 175 miles southwest of Anchorage, erupted for the first time in 10 years. The spreading ash forced cancellation of flights into and out of Anchorage International Airport and posed breathing problems for residents of towns along Kenai Peninsula to the east.

20 years ago
1991


War
Iran denied that it was aiding Iraqi rebels, including the Kurds, who were reported to be gaining ground in the northern part of Iraq. U.S. President George Bush said he would adopt a "wait and see" attitude toward internal revolts in Iraq and that he thought the regime of dictator Saddam Hussein would fall without U.S. intervention.

Politics and government
Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa tabled the previous day’s Belanger-Campeau Commission report, which recommended legislation providing for a referendum on Quebec sovereignty by October 1992. Mr. Bourassa made it clear that his government would make the final decision on how to proceed, whether it be toward sovereignty or federalism.

10 years ago
2001


Environment
U.S. President George W. Bush removed the United States from the Kyoto Protocol, the 1997 treaty on global warming that called for the U.S. to cut carbon dioxide emissions by 1/3 by 2012.

Law
A U.S. federal judge ruled that the University of Michigan’s affirmative action policy was invalid, a ruling that later would be reversed in an appeal.

March 26, 2011

80 years ago
1931

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Leonard Nimoy
!

60 years ago
1951


Boxing
Rocky Marciano (34-0), fighting for the second time in seven days, scored a technical knockout over Art Henri (13-16-1) at 2:51 of the 9th round of a heavyweight bout before 4,386 fans at Rhode Island Auditorium in Providence. The fight was stopped after Mr. Marciano knocked Mr. Henri down twice for 9-counts in the 9th round.

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Wooden Heart--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. President John F. Kennedy and U.K. Prime Minister Harold Macmillan met in Key West, Florida to discuss the threat of Communist takeover of Laos. The two leaders said they had reached "absolute agreement" on a common policy and issued a joint appeal to the Soviet Union for a "positive and constructive reply" to western proposals for a Laos settlement.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10
1 Amos Moses--Jerry Reed
2 She’s a Lady--Tom Jones
3 What is Life--George Harrison
4 Where Evil Grows--The Poppy Family
5 Beautiful People--The New Seekers
6 Patricia--Ronnie Hawkins
7 Blue Money--Van Morrison
8 Oye Como Va--Santana
9 One Toke Over the Line--Brewer and Shipley
10 Wild World--Cat Stevens

On television tonight
The Interns, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Choice

This was the 24th and last episode of the series to be broadcast.

World events
Sheik Mujibur Rahman, leader of the Awami League and a long-time leader of the fight for East Pakistani autonomy, proclaimed its independence under the name Bangladesh ("Bengal Nation").
Sheik Mujibur had been seized by Pakistani government troops early in the fighting between them and rebel troops which had begun the previous day.

War
Jordanian government troops and Palestinian commandos began 11 days of sharp fighting in Amman and around Irbid.

Politics and government
Argentina’s Army Commander Alejandro Agustin Larusse, a member of a prominent landowning family and a career officer, was sworn in as President, three days after a three-man junta ousted President Roberto Marcelo Levingston. Cmdr. Larusse retained his army command and six members from Mr. Levingston’s cabinet, but added two ministers.

Nihat Erim, who had been named Premier of Turkey a week earlier, announced a coalition government of 25 members.

30 years ago
1981


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 20 (CHED)
1 Rapture--Blondie
2 Turning Japanese--The Vapors
3 Shaddup You Face--Joe Dolce
4 Just Between You and Me--April Wine
5 Woman--John Lennon
6 A Little in Love--Cliff Richard
7 Crying--Don McLean
8 Keep on Loving You--REO Speedwagon
9 The Best of Times--Styx
10 Hearts on Fire--Randy Meisner
11 As the Beat Goes On/Switchin' to Glide--The Kings
12 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall and John Oates
13 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
14 Hey Nineteen--Steely Dan
15 Hello Again--Neil Diamond
16 While You See a Chance--Steve Winwood
17 Celebration--Kool & The Gang
18 Fade Away--Bruce Springsteen
19 Ain’t Even Done with the Night--John Cougar
20 What Kind of Fool--Barbra Streisand and Barry Gibb

Politics and government
The Social Democrats launched their new political party in the U.K. with a press conference in London.

Scandal
Actress Carol Burnett was awarded a $1.6-million settlement against the National Enquirer, accusing the tabloid of saying in a 1976 item that she had been intoxicated in an encounter at a Washington restaurant with then-U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. The National Enquirer’s lawyers indicated that they would appeal, arguing that they had merely said that Miss Burnett had been "boisterous," not intoxicated.

25 years ago
1986


Scandal
The New York Times reported that former United Nations Secretary General Kurt Waldheim had participated in campaigns against Yugoslav partisans while he was an intelligence officer in the German army during World War II.

20 years ago
1991


World events
After four days of strikes and protests, soldiers in Mali overthrew the government of President Moussa Traore and promised to replace it with a multi-party democracy. At least 59 people were killed during the coup, while as many as 150 citizens were killed by the demonstrations during the demonstrations preceding the coup.

Politics and government
The 37-member Belanger-Campeau Commission recommended that the Quebec National Assembly pass legislation providing for a referendum on provincial sovereignty to be held no later than October 1992.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 0 @ Los Angeles 2

Wednesday, 23 March 2011

March 25, 2011

100 years ago
1911


Disasters
A fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company in New York City killed 145 workers, almost all of them Jewish and Italian immigrant women. The fire drew attention to the plight of women working in low-paying jobs.

80 years ago
1931


Crime
The Scottsboro Boys were arrested in Alabama. The nine Negro youths were arrested on charges of raping two white women in a freight car on a train passing through the state.

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Surrender--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
2 Pony Time--Chubby Checker
3 Don’t Worry--Marty Robbins
4 Dedicated to the One I Love--The Shirelles
5 Where the Boys Are--Connie Francis
6 Apache--Jorgen Ingmann and his Guitar
7 Wheels--The String-A-Longs
--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
8 Ebony Eyes--The Everly Brothers
9 Gee Whiz (Look at His Eyes)--Carla Thomas
10 Think Twice--Brook Benton

Singles entering the chart were Funny by Maxine Brown (#86); Some Kind of Wonderful by the Drifters (#87); I Told You So by Jimmy Jones (#89); Shu Rah by Fats Domino (#90); It’s Unbelievable by the Larks (#92); Jungle Drums by Clyde Otis (#99); Theme from Dixie by Duane Eddy and the Rebels (#100); Sweet Little Kathy by Ray Peterson (also #100); and Memphis by Donnie Brooks (also #100).

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched Sputnik 10, a spherical Vostok 3KA-2 capsule containing a life-size human mannequin and a small dog named Zvezdochka ("Little Star"). The capsule completed one orbit of Earth and re-entered the atmosphere, landing safely. Zvezdochka was unharmed and the mannequin was recovered, indicating to Soviet authorities that the Soviet Union was ready to attempt a manned space flight.

The United States launched Explorer 10 from Cape Canaveral, Florida using a Thor-Delta rocket. The 79-pound satellite was propelled into a highly eccentric orbit ranging from 100 miles to 145,000 miles from Earth. It radioed valuable information on Earth and interplanetary magnetic fields for 60 hours before its chemical batteries were exhausted. NASA said the data lent support to the theory that the interplanetary magnetic field near the Earth was mainly an extension of the magnetic field of the sun.

Society
Under pressure from President John F. Kennedy, the U.S. Civil War Centennial Commission agreed to avoid racially-segregated hotels in Charleston, South Carolina during its two-day observance of the 100th anniversary of the firing on Fort Sumter. Mr. Kennedy entered the dispute after the New Jersey unit of the commission decided to boycott the meeting because a Negro member of the state unit would be barred from sessions at a Charleston hotel. President Kennedy appealed for equal treatment of all participants, but the commission said it had no jurisdiction over hotel owners. After Mr. Kennedy commented on the matter a second time at a press conference, the commission agreed to move all its sessions to the desegregated U.S. Naval Station at Charleston. Meanwhile, several northern state units had announced their withdrawal from the national group.

40 years ago
1971


War
Civil war broke out in Pakistan as President Yahya Khan ordered troops, planes, and tanks to crush East Pakistan’s movement for home rule. The Awami League, led by Sheik Mujibur Rahman, long-time leader in the fight for East Pakistani autonomy, had won an absolute majority in Pakistan’s first general elections in December 1970. President Khan had then twice postponed the first session of the National Assembly which was to write a new constitution. General strikes and violence followed, and Mr. Khan declared martial law. Sheik Mujibur countered with a campaign of non-violent civil disobedience, leaving him in virtual control of East Pakistan. 11 days of negotiations followed in East Pakistan’s capital of Dacca. Just when a compromise seemed near, Mr. Khan left abruptly for Islamabad, called the Sheik a traitor, outlawed the Awami League, and ordered troops into East Pakistan. Conflicting reports put casualties at 10,000-300,000 East Pakistanis as a well-equipped army of 70,000 men, aided by the air force, battled with rebels armed often only with knives, clubs, and scimitars. Sheik Mujibur was seized by government troops early in the fighting.

For the fourth straight week, North Vietnamese and Viet Cong delegates boycotted the weekly session of the Paris peace talks, this time joined by their deputies. The boycotts were protests against U.S. bombing and what they termed U.S. "threats of war."

30 years ago
1981


Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 7 @ Hartford 2

Whalers’ head coach Larry Pleau was heavily criticized for pulling his goalie for a sixth attacker in the third period earlier than is normally the case, which resulted in several empty net goals for the Oilers at the Hartford Civic Center.

25 years ago
1986


World events
Philippines President Corazon Aquino, saying that she was acting to "cut out the cancer in our political system," abolished the National Assembly, abrogated the Constitution introduced in 1973 by then-President Ferdinand Marcos, and declared that she would rule be decree. She proclaimed an interim constitution that retained most of the 1973 Constitution, including the bill of rights. A commission would draft a new constitution that would then be submitted to a vote of the people, and a new legislature would be elected within a year.

War
U.S. planes attacked another Libyan patrol boat in the Mediterranean Sea. U.S. officials said at least two Libyan patrol boats had been sunk. Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi warned that he was prepared to carry out a struggle all over the world against the United States.

The U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan announced that it was sending Honduras $20 million in emergency funds to deal with incursions by Nicaraguan troops into Honduras against base camps of Nicaraguan Contras.

Scandal
Switzerland, which had never previously frozen the assets of a depositor, announced that it was freezing all deposits belonging to former Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos, his family, and allies.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the consumer price index had fallen 0.4% in February, the biggest drop since 1953. For the preceding 12 months, the index had risen only 3.2%. The stability in prices was said to be principally the result of the decline in the price of oil, which was selling for only $11-$12 per barrel by late March 1991.

20 years ago
1991


Movies
The Academy Awards for 1990 were presented, with Dances With Wolves winning Best Picture. Other Oscars included: Director--Kevin Costner, Dances With Wolves; Actor--Jeremy Irons, Reversal of Fortune; Actress--Kathy Bates, Misery; Supporting Actor--Joe Pesci, GoodFellas; Supporting Actress--Whoopi Goldberg, Ghost; Foreign Language Film--Reise der Hoffnung (Journey of Hope).

Politics and government
Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and Croatian President Franjo Tudjman agreed to co-operate for two months to avoid a breakup of Yugoslavia.

Protest
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev banned demonstrations in Moscow for three weeks.

10 years ago
2001


Movies
The Academy Awards for 2000 were presented, with Gladiator winning Best Picture. Other Oscars included: Director--Steven Soderbergh, Traffic; Actor--Russell Crowe, Gladiator; Actress--Julia Roberts, Erin Brockovich; Supporting Actor--Benicio Del Toro, Traffic; Supporting Actress, Marcia Gay Harden, Pollock. Wo Hu, Cang Long (Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon) won four Oscars, including Best Foreign Language Film.

War
Macedonians launched a ground offensive against ethnic Albanian rebels in Macedonia.

March 24, 2011

90 years ago
1921


Hockey
NHL/PCHA
Stanley Cup
Finals

Ottawa Senators (NHL) 4 @ Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) 3 (Best-of-five series tied 1-1)

75 years ago
1936


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Detroit 1 @ Montreal Maroons 0 (6 OT) (Detroit led best-of-five series 1-0)

In the longest game in National Hockey League and Stanley Cup history (through 2010), Mud Bruneteau scored on an assist from Hec Kilrea at 16:30 of the 6th overtime period at the Montreal Forum. The game started at 8:34 P.M. and ended at 2:25 A.M. the following day, 5 hours and 51 minutes later. Total playing time was 2 hours, 56 minutes, 30 seconds. Norm Smith won the goaltending duel over Lorne Chabot of the defending Stanley Cup champion Maroons.

60 years ago
1951


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Be My Love--Mario Lanza (4th week at #1)
2 If--Perry Como
3 My Heart Cries for You--Guy Mitchell
--Dinah Shore
--Vic Damone
--Jimmy Wakely
4 You’re Just in Love--Perry Como
5 The Tennessee Waltz--Patti Page
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Les Paul and Mary Ford
--Jo Stafford
6 Aba Daba Honeymoon--Debbie Reynolds and Carleton Carpenter
7 The Roving Kind--Guy Mitchell
--The Weavers
8 So Long (It’s Been Good to Know You)--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra and the Weavers
9 A Penny a Kiss--Tony Martin and Dinah Shore
10 Mockin’ Bird Hill--Les Paul and Mary Ford
--Patti Page

Singles entering the chart were You and Your Beautiful Eyes by Dean Martin (#32); Oh, What a Face! by Phil Harris (#33); and Vesti la Giubba (On with the Play) by Mario Lanza (#38). You and Your Beautiful Eyes was the B-side--or maybe the A-side--of his version of Tonda Wonda Hoy, which charted at #37. Aba Daba Honeymoon was from the movie Two Weeks with Love.

50 years ago
1961


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Prime Mover, starring Dane Clark and Buddy Ebsen

40 years ago
1971


War
The 44-day U.S.-South Vietnamese invasion of Laos ended when the last South Vietnamese units pulled out under heavy Communist assaults. South Vietnam reported 1,146 killed and 4,235 wounded over the 44 days. The United States lost 66 helicopter crewmen, with 79 wounded. 94 U.S. helicopters and 5 planes were destroyed. South Vietnam claimed that 13,668 North Vietnamese troops had been killed and 167 taken prisoner, along with 6,657 weapons captured, 120 tanks and 297 trucks destroyed, and tons of ammunition, weapons, and food taken. Unreported masses of South Vietnamese equipment, including tanks, artillery, and helicopters were also lost.

30 years ago
1981


Crime
Britain’s "Great Train Robber," Ronnie Biggs, was rescued by Barbados police after being kidnapped in Rio de Janeiro several days earlier.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department announced that consumer prices had risen 1% during February, probably because of the administration of President Ronald Reagan’s decontrol of oil prices.

25 years ago
1986


War
U.S. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger said that the previous day’s assembly of three U.S. aircraft carriers and 27 warships in the Mediterranean Sea off Libya was intended to demonstrate U.S. support for freedom of the seas and was not linked to U.S. displeasure with Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi’s involvement in international terrorism. Libya fired two missiles from a battery in the coastal base near Syrte. It was reported that Libya had subsequently fired four more missiles. None of the Libyan missiles hit their targets. In response, an American plane fired an anti-ship missile and cluster bombs that destroyed a Libyan patrol boat. Two other planes fired missiles that knocked out the radar of the battery near Syrte. Later, attacks on two more Libyan boats were reported.

20 years ago
1991


Hockey
NHL
Los Angeles 4 @ Edmonton 3 (OT)

CIAU
Men’s championship final
Quebec at Trois Rivieres 7 Alberta 2

10 years ago
2001


Figure skating
At the world championships in Vancouver, British Columbia, Michelle Kwan of the United States captured her fourth career gold medal in the women’s singles competition. Fellow American Sarah Hughes won the bronze medal.

Tuesday, 22 March 2011

March 23, 2011

80 years ago
1931


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Lion’s Mane

50 years ago
1961


At the movies
Wings of Chance, a movie filmed in Jasper National Park and Edmonton, Alberta had its world premiere screening at the Rialto theatre in Edmonton. In addition to the feature, a highlight film was shown of the March 13 world heavyweight championship fight between champion Floyd Patterson and former champion Ingemar Johansson.

Diplomacy
The United Kingdom, after consultations with the United States, submitted to the Soviet Union proposals for ending the civil war in Laos. The British note called on the U.S.S.R. to join in an appeal to both the Laotian government and the Pathet Lao rebels for an immediate cease-fire, and proposed that the U.K. and U.S.S.R., as co-chairs on the 1954 Geneva conference on Indo-China, then call on India to reconvene the International Control Commission for Laos to verify the effectiveness of the cease-fire. The note agreed to a Soviet proposal for an international conference "to consider a settlement of Laotian problems," but stipulated that the conference would be held only after the commission had confirmed a cease-fire.The British proposed that the conferees include those from the 1954 Geneva conference--U.K.; U.S.A.; U.S.S.R.; France; Communist China; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; and the Communist Viet Minh.

Defense
In a nationally-televised press conference, U.S. President John F. Kennedy said that the United States would not permit Laos to be taken over by externally supported pro-Communist rebel forces: "No one should doubt our resolution on this point. We are faced with a clear and one-sided threat of a change in the internationally agreed position of Laos. This threat runs counter to the will of the Laotian people, who wish only to be independent and neutral. It is posed rather by the military operation of internal dissident elements directed from outside the country. This is what must end, if peace is to be achieved in Southeast Asia." President Kennedy used three large maps to point out the areas of Laos captured by Communists. He said that if the Communist attacks in Laos did not stop, the U.S. and its allies, particularly within SEATO, "will have to consider their response." He expressed strong support for the Western proposals for a cease-fire and negotiations contained in a British note to the U.S.S.R.

40 years ago
1971


World events
A three-man junta led by Argentina’s Army Commander Alejandro Agustin Lanusse ousted President Roberto Marcelo Levingston.

Politics and government
The United States House of Representatives voted 400-19 to ratify the proposed 26th Amendment to the Constitution, lowering the voting age to 18 years in all elections. Within an hour of the House vote, the state legislatures of Minnesota and Delaware had ratified the measure, and Tennessee, Connecticut, and Washington followed within a few hours.

Diplomacy
U.S. Senator Henry Jackson (Democrat--Washington) cast doubt on the U.S. position on the Middle East, asserting that legitimizing a Soviet military presence in Egypt under the guise of a peacekeeping role would be "courting disaster." Senate majority leader Mike Mansfield (Democrat--Montana) cautioned against setting U.S. troops in the midst of a world tinderbox. Senator J. William Fulbright (Democrat--Arkansas), chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and an opponent of the Vietnam policy of the administration of President Richard Nixon, backed Secretary of State William Rogers’ support for a multinational peacekeeping force, charging that Israel "leaves the impression that as long as we support her she will not withdraw from anything."

30 years ago
1981


Crime
Ronnie Biggs, the leader of Britain’s "Great Train Robbery" of 1963 who had escaped from prison in 1970 and had been reported missing from his Brazilian home on March 18 after being carried out of a Rio de Janeiro restaurant two days earlier, turned up as a prisoner in Barbados, having been kidnapped by agents of a London-based security company.

Health
The British government banned all animal transport on the Isle of Wight and in southern Hampshire in an attempt to contain a new outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease. Infected animals had been discovered in Jersey the week before, the first cases in the U.K. in 13 years.

25 years ago
1986


Defense
Three U.S. aircraft carriers and 27 warships assembled in the Mediterranean Sea off Libya and began conducting military exercises.

The Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda deplored the previous day’s U.S. underground nuclear test as a demonstration of "great contempt for world opinion."

20 years ago
1991


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Someday--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 One More Try--Timmy -T-
3 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
4 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston
5 This House--Tracie Spencer
6 All This Time--Sting
7 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
8 Show Me the Way--Styx
9 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
10 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat

Singles entering the chart included More than Words by Extreme (#87).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Someday--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 All This Time--Sting
3 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
4 Wicked Game--Chris Isaak
5 Waiting for Love--Alias
6 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
7 Show Me the Way--Styx
8 Rescue Me--Madonna
9 Waiting for that Day--George Michael
10 Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C & C Music Company featuring Freedom Williams

Singles entering the chart included Highwire by the Rolling Stones (#34); Rhythm of My Heart by Rod Stewart (#37); I Gotta Go by Barney Bentall (#64); Baby Baby by Amy Grant (#75); Valentine by Nils Lofgren (#81); and Right Here, Right Now by Jesus Jones (#85).

Hockey
NHL
Los Angeles 8 @ Calgary 4
Winnipeg 3 Edmonton 0

CIAU
Men's championship semi-finals
Alberta 5 Waterloo 4 (2 OT)

10 years ago
2001


Space
The Russian space station Mir, the largest spacecraft (143 tons/130 metric tons) ever to decay, fell to Earth, showering an estimated 1,500 fragments of 44 pounds (20 kilograms) or more over an uninhabited area 120 miles (193 kilometres) wide by 3,600 miles (5795 km) long in the South Pacific Ocean. Mir had been in Earth orbit for 15 years.

World events
U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell announced that he had ordered the expulsion of more than 40 Russian diplomats, saying that they were intelligence officials working as diplomats. Russia retaliated by expelling 4 U.S. diplomats from Moscow and asking 46 more to leave by July.

War
Macedonia used attack helicopters against ethnic Albanian rebels for the first time since the outbreak of violence several weeks earlier.

Monday, 21 March 2011

March 22, 2011

80 years ago
1931

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, William Shatner!


50 years ago
1961


Diplomacy
In a special message to Congress, U.S. President John F. Kennedy called for "a fresh approach--a more logical, efficient and successful long-term plan--for American foreign aid," calling for a shift from short-term to long-term goals. He asked Congress to create a single foreign aid agency with authority to borrow $7.3 billion from the U.S. Treasury over a five-year period, and prepared to keep the total foreign aid figure at the $4 billion mark requested by former President Dwight Eisenhower. However, Mr. Kennedy wanted to shift $200 million from military to economic assistance, putting economic aid at $2.4 billion and military aid at $1.6 billion during the first year.

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan reported to the House of Commons that South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd had rejected all efforts to reach a compromise with the other members of the Commonwealth of Nations. Mr. Macmillan denounced South Africa’s apartheid policy of racial separation as "abhorrent to the ideals with which mankind is struggling in this century." Mr. Verwoerd had announced South Africa’s departure from the Commonwealth a week earlier after apartheid had been denounced at a conference of Commonwealth prime ministers in London. Mr. Macmillan had attempted to reach a compromise that would allow South Africa to remain in the Commonwealth after becoming a republic on May 31, 1961.

Two rival groups of Cuban exiles in the United States--the Democratic Front and the Revolutionary Movement of the People--who were opposed to the dictatorship of Fidel Castro, announced in New York City that they had united to form a Revolutionary Council with former Cuban Premier Jose Miro Cordona as president. The new group promised to overthrow Mr. Castro’s government and establish a provisional government once they had gained a military foothold in Cuba. Their program included general elections within 18 months "following the overthrow of the Communist tyranny;" return of confiscated property; agrarian reform; outlawing the Communist party; and renunciation of foreign treaties threatening the security of the Americas.

Scandal
Five people were convicted in London of spying on Britain’s Underwater Detection Establishment at the Portland naval base. One of them, Gordon Lonsdale, described in court as a 25-year member of the Soviet intelligence service, was sentenced to 25 years in prison. Morris and Lona Cohen, U.S. citizens described as professional spies, were sentenced to 20 years each, while Henry Houghton and Ethel Gee, British civil servants, received 15-year sentences.

Transportation
At the request of Studebaker Corporation chairman Sherwood Egbert, U.S. industrial designer Raymond Loewy made a dozen sketches for a futuristic sports car that eventually became the Avanti.

30 years ago
1981


Defense
12 U.S. military advisers, all of them members of the Army’s Special Forces, I.e., Green Berets, arrived in El Salvador, bringing the total number of U.S. advisers in the country to 54, 15 of whom were Green Berets. It was also announced that the U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan would ask for another $60 million in assistance for El Salvador.

Economics and finance
The United States Postal Service raised the cost of first class postage from 15c to 18c, and said that it would petition the Postal Rate Commission to raise it to 20c. Postal card rates went from 10c-12c, and parcel post rates increased 13%. The Postal Service had a current deficit of $306 million and need $3.75 billion more than its current rates brought in just to break even.

Hockey
NHL
New York Islanders 6 @ Chicago 2
Detroit 3 @ Minnesota 9
Quebec 7 @ New York Rangers 7
St. Louis 6 @ Buffalo 5
Calgary 2 @ Philadelphia 6
Montreal 2 @ Washington 2
Toronto 3 @ Hartford 3
Los Angeles 7 @ Winnipeg 3

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 These Dreams--Heart
2 Rock Me Amadeus--Falco
3 Secret Lovers-Atlantic Starr
4 Sara--Starship
5 R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A.--John Cougar Mellencamp
6 Kyrie--Mr. Mister
7 Kiss--Prince and the Revolution
8 What You Need--INXS
9 King for a Day--Thompson Twins
10 Sanctify Yourself--Simple Minds

Singles entering the chart included All I Need is a Miracle by Mike + the Mechanics (#77); Stick Around by Julian Lennon (#81); and On My Own by Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald (#84).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Sara--Starship
2 Kyrie--Mr. Mister
3 How Will I Know--Whitney Houston
4 Don’t Forget Me (When I’m Gone)--Glass Tiger
5 Nikita--Elton John
6 Conga--Miami Sound Machine
7 When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean
8 These Dreams--Heart
9 Silent Running--Mike & the Mechanics
10 Living in America--James Brown

Singles entering the chart included Move Away by Culture Club (#73); Stick Around by Julian Lennon (#79); Tender Love by Force M.D.’s (#85); Is That It? by Katrina and the Waves (#89); Whisper in the Dark by Dionne Warwick (#95); and The Lion Sleeps Tonight by the Nylons (#97).

Defense
The United States conducted an underground nuclear test.

20 years ago
1991


Diplomacy
The United Nations effectively ended its food embargo against Iraq.

War
A U.S. fighter plane downed an Iraqi warplane. General Colin Powell, chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, said that a U.S. military presence would be maintained in southern Iraq for some months until a United Nations security arrangement was in place.

10 years ago
2001


Space
Russia’s space station Mir was given a final boost before its return to Earth’s atmosphere the next day.

War
Ethnic Albanian rebels declared a cease-fire and reportedly began to withdraw from villages held in Macedonia. They asked for negotiations with the government of Macedonia, which had rejected such overtures.

Crime
Jason Hoffman, 18, was shot by police and seriously wounded after shooting and wounding five people in El Cajon, California.

Health
After a case of foot-and-mouth disease had been confirmed in Ireland, Irish authorities began slaughtering animals in the vicinity.

Sunday, 20 March 2011

March 21, 2011

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nikki Quitazol and Nadiia Marchuk!

140 years ago
1871

Exploration

U.S. journalist Henry M. Stanley began his trek to Africa find the missionary and explorer David Livingstone.

90 years ago
1921


Hockey
NHL/PCHA
Stanley Cup
Finals
Ottawa Senators (National Hockey League) 1 @ Vancouver Millionaires (Pacific Coast Hockey Association) 2 (Vancouver led best-of-five series 1-0)

The attendance of 11,000 at Denman Arena set a world record for a single hockey game.

75 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Creeping Man

70 years ago
1941


Boxing
Joe Louis (47-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a technical knockout of Abe Simon (34-8) at 1:20 of the 13th round at Olympia Stadium in Detroit. Mr. Simon was knocked down 4 times.

50 years ago
1961


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Erling Lindahl and Einar Vaage, on Norsk Rikskringkasting (Norwegian State Broadcasting Corporation)
Tonight's episode: The Red Headed League

On television tonight
Thriller, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Papa Benjamin, starring John Ireland, Jeanne Bal, and Robert H. Harris

Diplomacy
Negotiations among the U.S.A., U.K., and U.S.S.R. on a treaty to ban nuclear weapons tests resumed in Geneva after a 3½-month recess. Before the Western powers had a chance to present what they regarded as major concessions, Soviet delegate SemyonTsarapkin withdrew the Soviet Union’s previous agreement to establish a test-control organization under a single administrator; he insisted instead on a three-member council representing the Communists, the West, and neutralist nations. The West offered concessions to previous Soviet objections to previous proposals on inspections, control posts, and other details. The Western proposals were referred to Moscow.

Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, addressing the United Nations General Assembly, renewed the Soviet attack on UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold and the UN operation in the Congo, accusing Mr. Hammarskjold of responsibility for the assassination in February of former Congolese Premier Patrice Lumumba. Mr. Gromyko demanded Mr. Hammarskjold’s replacement by a three-member secretariat, and called for termination of the UN mission in the Congo within a month. U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Adlai Stevenson, in his first speech before the Assembly, denounced Mr. Gromyko’s speech as being in "the worst and most destructive traditions of the cold war." Mr. Stevenson charged that the Soviet Union "does not want the United Nations to succeed in the Congo," and called the attack "wild and irresponsible and absurd."

Boxing
Henry Cooper (23-7-1) retained his British and Commonwealth heavyweight titles with a 5-round technical knockout over Joe Erskine (39-6-1) at Empire Pool, Wembley, London. It was the fourth time the two had fought each other; Mr. Erskine had won the first two, and this was the second straight win for Mr. Cooper.

40 years ago
1971


Hockey
NHL
Toronto 1 @ Philadelphia 1

Bruce Gamble, who had been traded from the Maple Leafs to the Flyers two months earlier, made 34 saves against his old team, while former teammate Jacques Plante stopped 27 shots in a spectacular goaltending duel at The Spectrum. Dave Keon scored his 36th goal of the season 52 seconds into the 2nd period to give Toronto the lead, but Bobby Clarke tied the game for Philadelphia with his 23rd goal of the season at 3:23 of the 2nd period. The game was the usual Sunday evening broadcast on CBC radio.

30 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Keep on Loving You--REO Speedwagon

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Woman--John Lennon (2nd week at #1)
2 Rapture--Blondie
3 Keep on Loving You--REO Speedwagon
4 9 to 5--Dolly Parton
5 The Best of Times--Styx
6 Crying--Don McLean
7 Celebration--Kool & the Gang
8 Hello Again--Neil Diamond
9 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall and John Oates
10 Treat Me Right--Pat Benatar

Singles entering the chart included You Better You Bet by the Who (#59); Too Much Time on My Hands by Styx (#61); Take it on the Run by REO Speedwagon (#63); Living Inside Myself by Gino Vannelli (#74); and Somebody Special by Rod Stewart (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Woman--John Lennon (2nd week at #1)
2 The Best of Times--Styx
3 Celebration--Kool & the Gang
4 9 to 5--Dolly Parton
5 Rapture--Blondie
6 Keep on Loving You--REO Speedwagon
7 Turn Me Loose--Loverboy
8 A Little in Love--Cliff Richard
9 I Ain’t Gonna Stand for It--Stevie Wonder
10 Giving it Up for Your Love--Delbert McClinton

Singles entering the chart were While You See a Chance by Steve Winwood (#36); Morning Train (Nine to Five) by Sheena Easton (#41); and Living in a Fantasy by Leo Sayer (#45).

Hockey
NHL
Chicago 4 @ Philadelphia 4
St. Louis 3 @ Washington 3
Winnipeg 4 @ Detroit 5
Calgary 3 @ Boston 4
New York Rangers 6 @ Hartford 4
Vancouver 3 @ Montreal 5
Buffalo 6 @ Toronto 2
Pittsburgh 3 @ Colorado 1
Los Angeles 6 @ Edmonton 6

25 years ago
1986


Disasters
For the first time, NASA officials acknowledged that failure of a joint on a solid-fuel booster rocket was the most likely cause of the January 28 explosion of the U.S. space shuttle Challenger that had killed all seven astronauts aboard.

20 years ago
1991


World events
Leaders of all six Yugoslav republics attended an emergency meeting of the federal presidency. After the talks, a joint statement was released, saying the crisis over the country’s future should be resolved "only in a peaceful, democratic manner. The leaders agreed to meet on a regular basis.

The U.S. human rights organization Middle East Watch reported that Kuwaiti soldiers and vigilantes had tortured or beaten at least 400 people--most of them Palestinians--and that at least 30 of these had died.

Economics and finance
The United States House of Representatives followed the Senate’s lead and voted in favour of a $78-billion package to help bail out insolvent savings and loan associations.

Disasters
A transport plane crashed at a Saudi air force base, killing 92 soldiers from Senegal who were serving in a multinational force in the Persian Gulf. Six Saudi crewmen also died in the disaster, which occurred in skies blackened by smoke from burning oil wells in Kuwait.

10 years ago
2001


Health
After confirming a case of foot-and-mouth disease, the government of the Netherlands banned all livestock exports.

Saturday, 19 March 2011

March 20, 2011

60 years ago
1951


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Cliff Lander!

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Telephone Call, starring Russell Collins, Robert Emhardt, and Eileen Heckart

Boxing
Rocky Marciano (33-0) scored a technical knockout over Harold Mitchell (3-14-3) at 2:45 of the 2nd round of a heavyweight bout at Hartford Auditorium in Hartford, Connecticut.

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Surrender--Elvis Presley

World events
Five days after announcing that his country would be leaving the Commonwealth of Nations upon becoming a republic on May 31, South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd received a hero's welcome from thousands of admirers upon his return to Johannesburg.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K.: Hot Love--T. Rex

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Me and Bobby McGee--Janis Joplin

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Just My Imagination (Running Away With Me)--The Temptations
2 Doesn’t Somebody Want to Be Wanted--The Partridge Family
3 Me and Bobby McGee--Janis Joplin
4 She’s a Lady--Tom Jones
5 One Bad Apple--The Osmonds
6 For All We Know--Carpenters
7 Have You Ever Seen the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
8 Proud Mary--Ike and Tina Turner
9 Mama’s Pearl--The Jackson 5
10 Don’t Let the Green Grass Fool You--Wilson Pickett

Singles entering the chart included Friends by Elton John (#52); I Am...I Said by Neil Diamond (#54); If by Bread (#72); Who Gets the Guy by Dionne Warwick (#74); I Play and Sing by Dawn (#81); Someone Who Cares by Kenny Rogers and the First Edition (#82); Time and Love by Barbra Streisand (#83); I Wish I Were by Andy Kim (#85); Booty Butt by the Ray Charles Orchestra (#86); Adrienne by Tommy James (#93); Sweet and Innocent by Donny Osmond (#96); Layla by Derek and the Dominoes (#98); L.A. Goodbye by the Ides of March (#99); and C’mon by Poco (#100). Friends was the title song from the movie, for which Mr. John performed all the songs.

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Have You Ever Seen the Rain/Hey Tonight--Creedence Clearwater Revival (2nd week at #1)
2 She’s a Lady--Tom Jones
3 Doesn’t Somebody Want to Be Wanted--The Partridge Family
4 Stay Awhile--The Bells
5 Amos Moses--Jerry Reed
6 What is Life--George Harrison
7 For All We Know--Carpenters
8 Mama’s Pearl--The Jackson 5
9 Oye Como Va--Santana
10 One Bad Apple--The Osmonds

Singles entering the chart included I Wish I Were by Andy Kim (#69); Sault Ste. Marie by the Original Caste (#70); I Think of You by Perry Como (#71); What’s Going On by Marvin Gaye (#98); Jodie by Joey Gregorash (#99); and All God’s Children by Doug Hutton (#100).

Calgary's top 10
1 Woodstock--Matthews' Southern Comfort
2 Have You Ever Seen the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
3 I Was Wondering--The Poppy Family
4 Carry Me--Stampeders
5 Theme from Love Story--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus
6 One Bad Apple--The Osmonds
7 Me and Bobby McGee--Janis Joplin
8 What is Life--George Harrison
9 Stay Awhile--The Bells
10 She's a Lady--Tom Jones
Pick hit of the Week: Ain't it Sad--R. Dean Taylor

Politics and government
Under heavy pressure from Protestant conservatives in a continuing dispute over the tactics to be used against Roman Catholic terrorists, James Chichester-Clark resigned as Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.

30 years ago
1981


Protest
At least four two-hour strikes were held in cities in northern Poland to protest harassment by authorities. The leaders of the trade union movement Solidarity broke off all talks with Polish authorities and told union members to prepare to go on strike.

Defense
The United States Defense Department announced that 18 of the 54 military advisers who had been sent to El Salvador would return to the U.S. by July, following the completion of their assignments.

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 30 (CHED)
1 How Will I Know--Whitney Houston
2 These Dreams--Heart
3 Sara--Starship
4 Secret Lovers--Atlantic Starr
5 Nikita--Elton John
6 Kiss--Prince and the Revolution
7 Don't Forget Me (When I'm Gone)--Glass Tiger
8 R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A.--John Cougar Mellencamp
9 Rock Me Amadeus--Falco
10 This Could Be the Night--Loverboy
11 Life in a Northern Town--The Dream Academy
12 Kyrie--Mr. Mister
13 The Sweetest Taboo--Sade
14 Eurasian Eyes--Corey Hart
15 King for a Day--Thompson Twins
16 Sanctify Yourself--Simple Minds
17 What You Need--INXS
18 People See Through You--Bruce Cockburn
19 Silent Running--Mike + the Mechanics
20 Manic Monday--Bangles
21 Feel it Again--Honeymoon Suite
22 There was a Time--One to One
23 Living in America--James Brown
24 If I Was--Midge Ure
25 Let's Go All the Way--Sly Fox
26 Flippin' to the A Side--Cats Can Fly
27 Calling America--Electric Light Orchestra
28 Tarzan Boy--Baltimora
29 West End Girls--Pet Shop Boys
30 She Sells Sanctuary--The Cult

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: Need to Know (starring William Petersen); Red Snow (starring George Dzundza).

Politics and government
Jacques Chirac, the mayor of Paris and leader of a non-Gaullist party, accepted the offer of French President Francois Mitterand and took office as Premier of France.

Terrorism
Two people were killed and 28 injured when a bomb exploded on the Champs Elysees in Paris.

Defense
The United States House of Representatives voted 222-210 to deny aid for the Contras of Nicaragua in their war against the ruling Sandanistas. 16 Republican Congressmen voted against the bill, thus voting against the policy of President Ronald Reagan.

Scandal
2,300 pages of documents that former Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos had taken with him to Hawaii were made public by a U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee. The documents revealed holdings of Mr. Marcos valued at about $1 billion in banks, stock, and real estate. The Philippines government sued Mr. Marcos and his wife Imelda in Texas, charging that they and their associates had used stolen funds to buy $50 million in Texas real estate.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 1,800 for the first time.

20 years ago
1991


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: When Worlds Collide

Politics and government
Kuwaiti Premier Crown Prince Saad al-Abdallah Al Sabah and his entire cabinet resigned amid public protest over the government’s failure to supply necessities such as food, electricity, and water.

Yugoslavian President Borislav Jovic, whose March 15 resignation hadn’t been accepted by Serbia, returned to the executive body and resumed his role as Yugoslavia’s head of state.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the merchandise trade deficit stood at $7 billion in January.

10 years ago
2001


Diplomacy
U.S. President George W. Bush met in washington with Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon. Mr. Bush assured Mr. Sharon that the United States remained solidly supportive of Israel. The two leaders agreed that Middle East peace talks could not be pressed during the current climate of violence.

Environment
U.S. President George W. Bush repealed a last-minute decision by the previous administration of Bill Clinton to reduce the amount of arsenic traces allowed in drinking water.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board cut interest rates by 0.5%, stating that there was "substantial risk" that the economy would be weak for some time.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 238.35 points.

Disasters
Testifying before a United States Navy investigation, Cdr. Scott Waddle, commander of the submarine USS Greenville, which had surfaced and collided with a Japanese fishing boat on February 9 with the deaths of nine people on the trawler, accepted full responsibility for the accident, although he added that some of his subordinates had contributed to the accident by failing to follow standard procedures.

The world’s largest oil rig collapsed off the coast of Brazil, about 120 miles north of Rio de Janeiro, and sank into the Atlantic Ocean, five days after one of the structural support beams had been destroyed by three explosions. Ten workers had died, while the rest fought to keep the rig afloat.