Tuesday, 30 April 2013

April 30, 2013

1,700 years ago
313


War
In the Battle of Tzirallum, Emperor Licinius defeated Maximinus II and unified the Eastern Roman Empire.

950 years ago
1063


Died on this date
Renzong of Song, 52
. Emperor of China, 1022-1063. The son of Emperor Zhenzong, Renzong's reign was characteized by a foreign policy of pacifism. He died without an heir and was succeeded by Emperor Yingzong.

500 years ago
1513


Died on this date
Edmund de la Pole, 41 (?)
. English nobleman. Mr. de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, was a nephew of King Richard III, and after the death of Richard and Mr. de la Pole's brother John, Earl of Lincoln, the leading claimant to the throne from the House of York. Mr. de la Pole was imprisoned by King Henry VII and was executed on the orders of his successor, King Henry VIII.

210 years ago
1803


Americana
The United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, more than doubling the size of the nation.

175 years ago
1838


World events
Nicaragua declared its independence from the Central American Federation.

150 years ago
1863


War
A 65-man French Foreign Legion infantry patrol fought a force of nearly 2,000 Mexican soldiers to nearly the last man in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico. Captain Jean Danjou, 35, the patrol's commander, was not one of their two survivors.

130 years ago
1883


Died on this date
Édouard Manet, 51
. French artist. Mr. Manet, whose paintings spanned the years 1860-1883, was a key figure in the transition from realism to impressionism in French painting. He died of rheumatism and untreated syphilis, 11 days after having his left foot amputated because of gangrene.

125 years ago
1888

Disasters

Hailstones killed about 250 in the Moradabad district of Delhi, India.

110 years ago
1903


Died on this date
Emily Howard Stowe, 71
. In 1880 Mrs. Stowe became the first woman admitted to practice medicine in Canada. She later campaigned for women's suffrage and died in Toronto the day before her 72nd birthday.

75 years ago
1938


At the movies
The animated cartoon short Porky's Hare Hunt debuted in movie theatres, introducing Happy Rabbit (a prototype of Bugs Bunny).

Soccer
English FA Cup Final @ Wembley Stadium, London
Preston North End 1 Huddersfield Town 0 (ET)

George Mutch scored on a penalty kick in the final minute of extra time to give Preston North End the win before 93,497 fans in the first FA Cup Final ever televised, on BBC.

70 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia: I Don't Want to Walk Without You--Kate Smith and Bing Crosby (3rd month at #1)

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS

This was the first broadcast of the program since March 1, 1942, and the first on the Mutual Broadcasting System after being on NBC from 1939-1942.

At the movies
Sherlock Holmes in Washington, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, opened in theatres in the United States.

Died on this date
Beatrice Webb, 85
. U.K. economist and social reformer. Mrs. Webb, with her husband Sidney, helped to found the London School of Economics and was a member of the Fabian Society, which promoted the transition of society to socialism through gradual means.

Otto Jespersen, 82. Danish philologist. Dr. Jespersen specialized in the grammar of the English language and was a professor of English at the University of Copenhagen from 1893-1925.

War
The British submarine HMS Seraph surfaced in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Spain to deposit a dead man planted with false invasion plans and dressed as a British military intelligence officer. The plan, known as Operation Mincemeat, was intended to convince the German high command that the Allies planned to invade Greece and Sardinia in 1943 instead of the actual target of Sicily.

60 years ago
1953


Disasters
An F4 tornado killed 18 people in Warner Robins, Georgia.

50 years ago
1963


Protest
The Bristol Bus Boycott was held in Bristol, England to protest the Bristol Omnibus Company's refusal to employ Black or Asian bus crews, drawing national attention to racial discrimination in the United Kingdom.

Disasters
Flooding from the Mackenzie River forced the evacuation of 500 of the 1,800 residents of Hay River, Northwest Territories. Most of those evacuated were taken to Edmonton. The flood occurred when the river broke through an 11-mile-long ice jam, but was unable to empty into Great Slave Lake, which was still frozen.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Top of the World--Carpenters (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Un chant d'amour, un chant d'été--Frédéric François

Scandal
U.S. President Richard Nixon delivered a televised address on the growing scandal concerning the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., in which he accepted, as "top man in the organization," full responsibility for "people whose zeal exceeded their judgment and who may have done wrong in a cause they deeply believed to be right." Also that day, Mr. Nixon accepted the resignations of chief of staff H.R. Haldeman, domestic affairs assistant John Ehrlichman, and presidential counsel John Dean. Messrs. Haldeman and Ehrlichman maintained their innocence, but stated that their ability to carry out their duties had been undermined. Mr. Nixon had asked for the resignation of Mr. Dean, who was immediately replaced by Leonard Garment, a special consultant to the President. Attorney General Richard Kleindienst resigned as well, saying "persons with whom I had close personal and professional associations could be involved in conduct violative of the laws of the United States" and "fair and impartial enforcement of the law requires that a person who has not had such intimate relationships be Attorney General of the United States." Mr. Kleindienst was immediately replaced by Defense Secretary Elliot Richardson, who was authorized to appoint a special prosecutor in the Watergate matter if it were deemed necessary.

Terrorism
A state of emergency was declared in five major cities in Argentina after the assassination in Buenos Aires of the former Chief of Staff of the armed forces.

Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary George Shultz submitted President Ricard Nixon's tax reform legislation to the House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee. Mr. Nixon's proposed changes would cost the government $900 million in revenue during the first year of operation.

Disasters
The Southern Yemeni Foreign Minister and 24 of his envoys were killed in a plane crash 300 miles north of Aden.

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Do You Really Want to Hurt Me--Culture Club (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Let's Dance--David Bowie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Words--F.R. David (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: True--Spandau Ballet

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Beat It--Michael Jackson

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mr. Roboto--Styx
2 Come On Eileen--Dexys Midnight Runners & the Emerald Express
3 Beat It--Michael Jackson
4 Billie Jean--Michael Jackson
5 Jeopardy--Greg Kihn Band
6 Der Kommissar--After the Fire
7 One on One--Daryl Hall & John Oates
8 Let's Dance--David Bowie
9 She Blinded Me with Science--Thomas Dolby
10 You Are--Lionel Richie

Singles entering the chart were Don't Let it End by Styx (#42); Family Man by Daryl Hall & John Oates (#61); All My Life by Kenny Rogers (#77); Love on Your Side by Thompson Twins (#83); Don't Pay the Ferryman by Chris DeBurgh (#84); Our House by Madness (#85); Ricky by "Weird Al" Yankovic (#86); Side by Side by Earth, Wind and Fire (#87); No Time for Talk by Christopher Cross (#88); Bang the Drum All Day by Todd Rundgren (#89); and Candy Girl by New Edition (#90). Ricky was a spoof of Toni Basil's recent hit Mickey.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 She Blinded Me with Science--Thomas Dolby (2nd week at #1)
2 Let's Dance--David Bowie
3 Beat It--Michael Jackson
4 Jeopardy--Greg Kihn Band
5 Mr. Roboto--Styx
6 Billie Jean--Michael Jackson
7 Hungry Like the Wolf--Duran Duran
8 Midnight Blue--Louise Tucker
9 Sex (I'm a...)--Berlin
10 Back on the Chain Gang--Pretenders

Singles entering the chart were Time (Clock of the Heart) by Culture Club (#40); Puttin' on the Ritz by Taco (#44); She's a Beauty by the Tubes (#49); and Straight from the Heart by Bryan Adams (#50).

Died on this date
George Balanchine, 79
. Russian-born U.S. choreographer. Mr. Balanchine began his career in Russia, but defected to England in 1924 while on tour; he then joined Sergei Diaghilev’s Ballet Russes, creating nine ballets for them between 1924 and 1929. In October 1933 Mr. Balanchine moved to the United States; he promptly created the School of American Ballet, which opened on January 2, 1934. Mr. Balanchine worked as a choreographer for musical theatre in the 1930s and 1940s. A company that he formed in 1935 called American Ballet lasted just a few years, but he had more success in the late 1940s, forming a company that eventually became known as the New York City Ballet. In 1954 Mr. Balanchine staged The Nutcracker for the first time; it quickly became a Christmas tradition in the United States and elsewhere. In 1978 Mr. Balanchine became one of the first people to receive a Kennedy Center Honors Award.

Muddy Waters, 70. U.S. blues musician. Mr. Waters, born McKinley Morganfield, was born in Mississippi, but moved to Chicago, where he became known as "the Father of Chicago blues." Mr. Waters’ sound was basically an electrified version of Mississippi Delta blues. He greatly inspired the blues-based British rock groups of the 1960s; for example, the Rolling Stones took their name from a line in Mr. Waters’ song Mannish Boy. Rollin’ Stone was the title of another hit by Mr. Waters. Other hit singles of his included Hoochie Coochie Man; I Just Want to Make Love to You; I’m Ready; Long Distance Call; Rock Me; and Got My Mojo Working. Muddy Waters’ albums won six Grammy Awards for Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording between 1971 and 1979.

On television tonight
Blood Feud, Part II, on ABC

This was the second half of a made-for-television movie about the feud between Robert F. Kennedy, then-Attorney General of the United States, and Jimmy Hoffa, president of the Teamsters Union in the 1960s. Cotter Smith turned in a fine performance as Mr. Kennedy, but Robert Blake's performance as Mr. Hoffa stole the show.

Politics and government
Thailand's Prime Minister, Prem Tinsulanonda, was reappointed to a new four-year term after reversing his April 26 decision to retire.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
New York Islanders 7 Boston 3

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in France (SNEP): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): L'Amore Rubato--Luca Barbarossa (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Gimme Hope Jo'anna--Eddy Grant (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): One More Try--George Michael

#1 single in the U.K.: Theme from S-Express--S-Express

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Where Do Broken Hearts Go--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Where Do Broken Hearts Go--Whitney Houston
2 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
3 Devil Inside--INXS
4 Angel--Aerosmith
5 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean
6 Anything for You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
7 Pink Cadillac--Natalie Cole
8 Girlfriend--Pebbles
9 Prove Your Love--Taylor Dayne
10 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson

Singles entering the chart were The Valley Road by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#59); Alphabet St. by Prince (#68); Heart of Mine by Boz Scaggs (#77); Supersonic by J.J. Fad (#84); Pour Some Sugar on Me by Def Leppard (#87); Most of All by Jody Watley (#88); and Underneath the Radar by Underworld (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean (4th week at #1)
2 Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley
3 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
4 Devil Inside--INXS
5 I Saw Him Standing There--Tiffany
6 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson
7 I'm Still Searching--Glass Tiger
8 Endless Summer Nights--Richard Marx
9 Push It--Salt-N-Pepa
9 Where Do Broken Hearts Go--Whitney Houston

Singles entering the chart were The Valley Road by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#83); Breakaway by Big Pig (#87); We All Sleep Alone by Cher (#92); Rebel by Blue Rodeo (#95); and I Wasn't the One (Who Said Bye) by Agnetha Faltskog (#96).

Diplomacy
Three days of peace talks between Nicaragua’s Sandanista government and opposition Contra rebels produced no agreement.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
New York Islanders 3 @ Washington 2 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Football
The New York Knights beat the Los Angeles Cobras 60-52 before 10,157 in Los Angeles in the Arena Football League’s first game ever.

Baseball
Dave Winfield drove in his 28th and 29th runs of the season in the Yankees’ 15-3 rout of the Texas Rangers, tying the major league record for RBIs in April.

The New York Mets and Cincinnati Reds hooked up in a wild game at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati that the Mets won 6-5, on a delayed call by first base umpire Dave Pallone. The call resulted in a $10,000 fine and 30-day suspension of Reds manager Pete Rose when Pallone accidentally poked Rose in the cheek and Rose shoved Pallone twice.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Informer--Snow

#1 single in New Zealand: Give In to Me--Michael Jackson (4th week at #1)

Crime
Monica Seles, the world's #1-ranked women's tennis player, was stabbed in the back by a fan named Gunter Parche as she sat at courtside during a Citizen Cup match against Steffi Graf in Hamburg.

Technology
The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) announced that World Wide Web protocols would be free.

Hockey
IIHF World Men's Championship @ Munich
Semi-Finals
Russia 7 Canada 4
Swden 4 Czech Republic 3 (OT)

10 years ago
2003


Terrorism
A Palestinian suicide bomber killed himself and three others, while wounding 50, outside a pub in Tel Aviv.

Pakistani authorities announced the arrests of six suspected al-Qaeda members, including Whalid ba Attash, aka Tawfiq bin Attash or Khallad, claimed to have been a key figure behind the 2000 bombing of the USS Cole and the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States.

Libya accepted responsibility for the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland.

Protest
U.S. troops fired into a crowd of anti-American demonstrators in Falluja, Iraq. Iraqis claimed two people had been shot dead.

Law
U.S. President George W. Bush signed Amber Alert legislation, initiating a nationwide system aimed at promptly informing the public, using radio, television, and electronic highway signs, of abductions of children. The law was named after Amber Hagerman, a 9-year-old Texas girl who had been kidnapped and murdered in 1996.

Monday, 29 April 2013

April 29, 2013

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, April Stevens and Irina Zabelina!

530 years ago
1483


War
Gran Canaria, the main island of the Canary Islands, was conquered by the Kingdom of Castile after a five-year campaign.

320 years ago
1688

Died on this date
Friedrich Wilhelm (Frederick William), 68
. Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, 1640-1688. Friedrich Wilhelm, of the house of Hohenzollern, was popularly known as the Great Elector because of his military and political skill, which eventually resulted in Prussia moving up from duchy to kingdom.

110 years ago
1903


Disasters
A 90-million ton wedge of limestone, 1,300 feet high, 4,000 feet wide, 500 feet thick, slid off Turtle Mountain onto the coal mining village of Frank, Alberta at 4:10 am, burying the mine entrance and killing 66-76 people in 100 seconds. 17 men in the mine dug themselves out a day later. Only 12 bodies were recovered.

60 years ago
1953


On the radio
I Was a Communist for the FBI, starring Dana Andrews

On television today
The first U.S. experimental 3D-TV broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA.

50 years ago
1963


Politics and government
Jack Sissons, Justice of the Territorial Court of the Northwest Territories, criticized the territory's form of government by saying, "We are a colony with practically no self-government. We are in our territorial affairs governed from Ottawa--and on the whole quite indifferently." He was also critical of the proposal to split the N.W.T. into two territories. A permanent federal government presence wasn't established in the Northwest Territories until 1967, when Yellowknife was named the territorial capital. The Northwest Territories eventually shrank in size when the eastern portion became the territory of Nunavut in 1999.

40 years ago
1973


Disasters
Saint John River flooding caused up to $25 million damage in New Brunswick.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Chicago 3 @ Montreal 8 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Canadiens erupted for 4 goals in a 5-minute span in the 3rd period as they beat the Black Hawks at the Montreal Forum. Chuck Lefley and Jacques Lemaire each scored 2 goals for Montreal. Gary Smith relieved Tony Esposito in goal for Chicago after the final Montreal goal with 5:25 remaining in the game. Ken Dryden was in goal for the Canadiens. This was the last Stanley Cup final game ever played in April.

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Let's Dance--David Bowie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Too Shy--Kajagoogoo (5th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The Swiss government ordered the Soviet news agency Novosti to close its office in Bern because members of the staff had sought to influence antinuclear and dissident youth movements.

Politics and government
Harold Washington was sworn in as Chicago's first Negro mayor, promising to freeze city hiring and salary increases in order to overcome a fiscal crunch.

Italian Prime Minister Amintore Fanfani resigned, following the decision of the Socialist Party on April 22 to withdraw from the ruling coalition.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had increased 1.5% in March, the seventh straight monthly gain.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): One Tree Hill--U2 (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heart--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)

Married on this date
Two celebrity weddings took place that day: Actors Burt Reynolds and Loni Anderson; and jouranlist Diane Sawyer and movie director Mike Nichols.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had risen 0.8% in March.

Baseball
The Baltimore Orioles ended their record 21-game season-opening losing streak by whipping the Chicago White Sox 9-0 on a combined four-hitter by Mark Williamson and Dave Schmidt. The story of the 1988 Orioles is one of those told in the book On a Clear Day They Could See Seventh Place: Baseball’s Worst Teams (1991) by George Robinson and Charles Salzberg.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Informer--Snow

Died on this date
Michael Gordon, 83
. U.S. film director. Mr. Gordon directed such movies as Crime Doctor (1943); Another Part of the Forest (1948); An Act of Murder (1948); Cyrano de Bergerac (1950); Pillow Talk (1959); and Move Over, Darling (1963).

Mick Ronson, 46. U.K. musician. Mr. Ronson played several instruments but was best known as a guitarist, playing with musicians such as David Bowie, Van Morrison, Ian Hunter, and Elton John. He died of liver cancer.

Law
Canadian federal fisheries officials announced that new regulations regarding native fishing rights in federal waters had been drafted. The proposals included provision for commercial fishing licenses and quotas, but did not increase permits to sell fish commercially.

Britannica
It was announced that Buckingham Palace would open to the public for the first time in a bid to raise funds to repair Windsor Castle.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Detroit 7 @ Toronto 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Calgary 6 @ Los Angeles 9 (Los Angeles won best-of-seven series 4-2)

10 years ago
2003


War
U.S. officials said that the American military presence in Saudi Arabia would be virtually eliminated in the next few months, with all combat troops withdrawn. 400-500 U.S. soldiers would remain for training purposes.

Diplomacy
The U.S. rejected the idea of making economic concessions to North Korea in exchange for a commitment to abandon its nuclear weapons program.

Politics and government
The Palestinian parliament voted to approve the new Prime Minister--Mahmoud Abbas--and government, a key step in moving toward a U.S.-backed peace plan.

Sunday, 28 April 2013

April 28, 2013

760 years ago
1253


Religion
Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounded the mantra Nam Myoho Renge Kyo (To Honour/devote oneself to the Wonderful Law of the Lotus Sutra or Glory to the Sutra of the Lotus of the Supreme Law) for the very first time and declared it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.

510 years ago
1503


War
Spanish forces under the command of Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba defeated French forces commanded by the Duke of Nemours in the Battle of Cerignola in what is now Italy. It was the first battle in history won by small arms fire using gunpowder.

225 years ago
1788

Americana

Maryland became the seventh state to ratify the Constitution.

75 years ago
1938

Married on this date

King Zog I of Albania married Countess Geraldine of Hungary.

60 years ago
1953


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: F.O.B. Vienna, starring Clement Fowler, Mike Kellin, E.A. Krumschmidt, Walter Matthau, Jayne Meadows, and Robert Webber

50 years ago
1963


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 16.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Power to All Our Friends--Cliff Richard

#1 single in the U.K.: Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Killing Me Softly with His Song--Roberta Flack (2nd week at #1)
2 Funny Face--Donna Fargo
3 Dueling Banjos--Eric Weissberg and Steve Mandell
4 You're So Vain--Carly Simon
5 Top of the World--Carpenters
6 Crocodile Rock--Elton John
7 Last Song--Edward Bear
8 Separate Ways--Elvis Presley
9 I'd Love You to Want Me--Lobo
10 Everything is Out of Season--Johnny Farnham

Singles entering the chart were Also Sprach Sarathustra (2001) by Deodato (#23); Dream Lover by Greyhound (#29); Catfish John by the Hawking Brothers (#30); Oney by Johnny Cash (#31); Do You Wanna Touch Me? by Gary Glitter (#33); Pardon Me Sir by Joe Cocker (#36); Captain Straightman by Thumpin' Pig And Puffin' Billy (#37); and Goondiwindi Grey by Tex Morton (#40).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando (2nd week at #1)

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando
2 The Night the Lights Went Out in Georgia--Vicki Lawrence
3 Little Willy--The Sweet
4 The Cisco Kid--War
5 Sing--Carpenters
6 Ain't No Woman (Like the One I've Got)--Four Tops
7 The Twelfth of Never--Donny Osmond
8 Stuck in the Middle with You--Stealers Wheel
9 Masterpiece--The Temptations
10 You are the Sunshine of My Life--Stevie Wonder

Singles entering the chart were Daddy Could Swear, I Declare by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#79); Am I Blue by Cher (#84); Brother's Gonna Work it Out by Willie Hutch (#87); I Like You by Donovan (#88); Together We Can make Such Sweet Music by the Spinners (#95); Cosmic Sea by Mystic Moods (#96); Slip 'N' Slide by Rufus (#97); Your Side of the Bed by Mac Davis (#98); and I Don't Want to Make You Wait by the Delfonics (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando (2nd week at #1)
2 The Night the Lights Went Out in Georgia--Vicki Lawrence
3 You Don't Know What Love Is--Susan Jacks
4 The Twelfth of Never--Donny Osmond
5 Sing--Carpenters
6 The First Cut is the Deepest--Keith Hampshire
7 Stir it Up--Johnny Nash
8 Stuck in the Middle with You--Stealers Wheel
9 Little Willy--The Sweet
10 Dead Skunk--Loudon Wainwright III

Singles entering the chart were The Farmer's Song by Murray McLachlan (#81); It Sure Took a Long, Long Time by Lobo (#84); Armed and Extremely Dangerous by First Choice (#87); My Love by Paul McCartney & Wings (#91); Long Train Running by the Doobie Brothers (#93); Hocus Pocus II by Focus (#94); Playground in My Mind by Clint Holmes (#95); Lady Run, Lady Hide by April Wine (#96); I'm Gonna Love You Just a Little More Baby by Barry White (#97); Superdad by Bill King (#98); Bad, Bad Leroy Brown by Jim Croce (#99); and Right Place, Wrong Time by Dr. John (#100).

Calgary’s top 10
1 Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando (2nd week at #1)
2 The Cover of "Rolling Stone"--Dr. Hook & the Medicine Show
3 Dead Skunk--Loudon Wainwright III
4 You Don't Know What Love Is--Susan Jacks
5 Wildflower--Skylark
6 Little Willy--The Sweet
7 Walk on the Wild Side--Lou Reed
8 Stuck in the Middle with You--Stealers Wheel
9 The Night the Lights Went Out in Georgia--Vicki Lawrence
10 The Cisco Kid--War
Pick hit of the week: The Twelfth of Never--Donny Osmond

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Finals
Winnipeg 2 @ New England 7 (New England led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Tom Webster scored 2 goals and Tom Williams added a goal and 2 assists as the Whalers beat the Jets at Boston Arena.

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
Canada's top 12
1 Jeopardy--Greg Kihn Band
2 Mr. Roboto--Styx
3 She Blinded Me With Science--Thomas Dolby
4 Twistin' By The Pool--Dire Straits
5 Midnight Blue--Louise Tucker
6 Beat It--Michael Jackson
7 Safety Dance--Men Without Hats
8 Let's Dance--David Bowie
9 Even Now--Bob Seger
10 Some Kind of Friend--Barry Manilow
11 Shy Boy--Bananarama
12 Whirly Girl--Oxo

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan named former U.S. Senator Richard Stone, a Democrat from Florida, to be his special envoy to Central America.

Environment
In Albany, the governments of Ontario and New York signed an agreement to exchange information and research on acid rain.

Hockey
Prince of Wales Conference Finals
New York Islanders 1 @ Boston 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

IIHF World Men's Championship
Czechoslovakia 5 Canada 4

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys (9th week at #1)

Died on this date
B.W. Stevenson, 38
. U.S. musician. Mr. Stevenson was best known for his single My Maria, which reahed #9 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1973. He died after a heart valve operation.

Matthew Fedor, 4. Canadian medical patient. A boy from Ottawa, Matthew was the first Canadian to receive a bone-marrow transplant from an unrelated donor.

Disasters
An Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 jet landed safely despite having a 20-foot-long hole open in the fuselage during a flight from Hilo to Honolulu. The escaping air swept stewardess Clarabelle "C.B." Lansing to her death in the ocean, but the pilot, Captain Robert Schornstheimer, landed the plane on Maui 15 minutes later, with one engine aflame. 61 of the 95 aboard suffered injuries. Structural failure, metal fatigue, and corrosion were regarded as the most likely causes of the incident. The jet had been in use for 19 years.

Baseball
The Baltimore Orioles' record for 1988 reached 0-21 with a 4-2 loss to the Minnesota Twins at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. The defeat was the 15th straight for manager Frank Robinson after replacing Cal Ripken, Sr. six games into the season.

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Informer--Snow (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Reunion

Died on this date
Jim Valvano, 47
. U.S. basketball coach. Mr. Valvano was head coach at four universities from 1969-1990, compiling a record of 346 wins and 210 losses, but was best known as head coach at North Carolina State University from 1980-1990, leading the Wolfpack to the national championship in 1982-83. He was forced to resign in 1990 amid allegations of poor academic performances by his players.

Economics and finance
Standard and Poor's announced that the Canadian governments triple-A rating would be maintained, stabilizing the Canadian dollar after its value on money markets had declined.

10 years ago
2003


Protest
Iraqis claimed that 15 people were killed and 65 wounded when U.S. soldiers opened fire on a crowd holding an anti-U.S. demonstration in Falluja. U.S. officals said the soldiers were responding to gunfire from the crowd, a claim that was disputed by Iraqis at the scene.

War
The U.S. administration of President George W. Bush confirmed that it had reached a cease-fire agreement with the People's Mujahedeen, a terrorist organization active in Iran and Iraq.

Politics and government
About 300 Iraqis met in Baghdad under U.S. and U.K. sponsorship and decided to call a national conference within a month that would choose a transitional government.

Terrorism
Two Sikhs--Ripudaman Singh Malik, 56, a wealthy Vancouver businessman, and Ajaib Singh Bagri, 53, a mill worker from Kamloops, British Columbia--pled not guilty to the murders of 329 people in the 1985 bombing of an Air India plane as their trial finally began in Vancouver.

Health
The number of cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Beijing for the month rose to 1,199.

Protest
Thousands of people in Chagugang, China rioted after a report spread that a building there would become a ward for SARS patients.

Saturday, 27 April 2013

April 27, 2013

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rod Crossley!

200 years ago
1813


Died on this date
Zebulon Pike, 34
. U.S. explorer and military officer. Mr. Pike, then a captain in the United States Army, led the Pike Expedition in 1806-1807 that explored the southern area of the Louisiana Purchase and to find the headwaters of the Red River. The expedition discovered the peak in Colorado which was later named Pike's Peak. Mr. Pike rose to the rank of Brigadier General; while commanding U.S. forces in the attack on York, he was killed by flying rocks and other debris when the withdrawing British garrison blew up its ammunition magazine as the American troops were approaching Fort York.

War
In the War of 1812, an invasion force of 1,700 U.S. troops under Zebulon Pike and Henry Dearborn attacked the Upper Canada capital of York (later known as Toronto). Upper Canada Lieutenant Governor and Major General Roger Hale Sheaffe withdrew with 600 defenders to Kingston.

175 years ago
1838

Disasters

Fire destroyed half of Charleston, South Carolina.

80 years ago
1933

Science

Karl Jansky reported reception of a cosmic radio signal in Washington, D.C.

60 years ago
1953


War
Operation Moolah--an attempt by the United States Air Force to obtain a Soviet MiG-15 fighter plane through defection of North Korean pilots--was initiated by General Mark Clark. The MiG-15 was regarded as superior to all United Nations aircraft, including the USAF's latest plane, the F-86 Sabre.

50 years ago
1963


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Pipeline--Chantays

#1 single in France: L'école est Finie--Sheila (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Come te non c'è nessuno--Rita Pavone (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ich kauf' mir lieber einen Tirolerhut--Billy Mo (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): From Me to You--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Will Follow Him--Little Peggy March

U.S. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Can't Get Used to Losing You--Andy Williams
2 I Will Follow Him--Little Peggy March
3 He's So Fine--The Chiffons
4 Puff the Magic Dragon--Peter, Paul and Mary
5 Baby Workout--Jackie Wilson
6 Pipeline--Chantays
7 Young Lovers--Paul and Paula
8 Don't Say Nothin' Bad (About My Baby)--The Cookies
9 Surfin' U.S.A.--Beach Boys
10 If You Wanna Be Happy--Jimmy Soul

Singles entering the chart were Prisoner of Love by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#79); Soon (I'll Be Home Again) by the 4 Seasons (#89); Diane by Joe Harnell and his Orchestra (#90); Let's Go Steady Again by Neil Sedaka (#91); Sweet Dreams (Of You) by Patsy Cline (#93); Sting Ray by the Routers (#97); Shy Girl by the Cascades (#99); Old Enough to Love by Rick Nelson (#100); You Know it Ain't Right by Joe Hinton (also #100); and Cry on My Shoulder by Johnny Crawford (also #100). Soon (I'll Be Home Again) was the B-side of Ain't That a Shame!, charting at #46.

Space
The mission of the Soviet satellite Cosmos 15 ended, five days after it had been launched.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Killing Me Softly with His Song--Roberta Flack

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Der Junge mit der Mundharmonika--Bernd Clüver (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
There was a major shake-up in the Soviet Politburo, as Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, armed forces leader Andrei Grechko, and KGB (secret police) head Yuri Andropov were elevated to full membership in the Politburo, while former Ukrainian Communist leader Pyotr Shelest and former Russian Premier Gennadi Voronov were retired early after both had previously been removed from key positions. The changes confirmed the prevailing trends toward easing tensions with the Eest and stricter defense and security measures at home. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the U.S.S.R. rousingly endorsed First Secretary Leonid Brezhnev's policy of easing East-West relations, and particularly his impending visits to Bonn and Washington.

Scandal
L. Patrick Gray resigned as acting director of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, the day after he told friends that he had burned some papers belonging to E. Howard Hunt after the suggestion had been made at a White House meeting attended by presidential counsel John Dean and domestic affairs assistant John Ehrlichman. Mr. Hunt was one of the men charged in connection with the June 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. Mr. Gray was immediately replaced as acting FBI director by William Ruckelshaus.

Economics and finance
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau named Beryl Plumptre as chairman of the new Food Prices Review Board.

Baseball
Rookie Steve Busby of the Kansas City Royals evened his record for the season at 2-2 with a no-hitter against the Detroit Tigers, walking 6 and striking out 4 as the Royals won 3-0 before 16,345 fans at Tiger Stadium. Ed Kirkpatrick, with his 3rd home run of the season, and Amos Otis, with his 4th, provided run support for Mr. Busby.

30 years ago
1983


Diplomacy
Soviet leader Yuri Andropov proposed an international agreement that would keep outer space free from weapons, probaly in reaction to U.S. President Ronald Reagan’s recent announcement of the Strategic Defense Initiative.

Defense
U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz, in Israel, received a briefing on a large Soviet military buildup in Syria.

Politics and government
U.S. President Ronald Reagan took the unusual step of addressing a joint session of Congress on a foreign policy issue. He appealed for approval of his requests for economic and military assistance to Central America, stressing the region’s proximity to the United States, adding that it was vital to American interests. While acknowledging that the government of El Salvador had human rights problems, the President said that El Salvador was making progress in democracy and land reform, and that the Marxists were seeking to destabilize the country and its neighbours. President Reagan also accused Nicaragua of stirring up trouble in the area. The President received heavy applause when he said that he had "no thought of sending American combat troops" into Central America. Senator Christopher Dodd, replying for the Democrats, called for negotiated settlements for the region, and said that the Reagan administration did not understand the causes of conflict in Central America.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that productivity had increased 4.8% in March, the largest increase in two years.

Baseball
Pitcher Nolan Ryan of the Houston Astros struck out Brad Mills of the Montreal Expos at Olympic Stadium in Montreal for his 3,509th career major league strikeout, passing Walter Johnson for first place on the all-time list, as the Astros won 4-2. By the time he finally retired 10 years later, Mr. Ryan had accumulated a career total of 5,714 strikeouts. Mr. Johnson pitched for the Washington Nationals from 1907-1927.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Maybe We're About to Fall in Love--Tommy Nilsson

Londonia
The London chapter (now the Southwestern Ontario Chapter) of the Ontario Association of Archivists (now the Archives Association of Ontario) was formed at a meeting on the campus of the University of Western Ontario. This blogger was one of those in attendance.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney arrived in Washington for his fourth and final summit conference with U.S. President Ronald Reagan. In an address to Congress, Mr. Mulroney urged approval of a bilateral agreement on control of acid rain, and he called on Congress to ratify the U.S.-Canada free trade agreement. At his meeting with Mr. Reagan, the Prime Minister asked the President to set a timetable for banning sulfurous emissions in the United States that many experts--though not those in the Reagan administration--believed were the cause of acid rain. President Reagan said that the United States would not oppose the transfer of nuclear reactor technology, clearing the way for Canada to purchase British nuclear submarines.

20 years ago
1993


World events
Eritrea declared itself independent from Ethiopia.

Defense
U.S. defense Secretary Les Aspin announced an order to the military to drop most restricitions on women in combat roles in aerial and naval warfare.

Economics and finance
The Canadian Bond Rating Service slightly reduced the Canadian government's credit rating.

Disasters
All members of the Zambian national football team were killed in a plane crash off Libreville, Gabon en route to Dakar, Senegal to play a 1994 FIFA World Cup qualifying match against Senegal.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Toronto 5 @ Detroit 4 (OT) (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Los Angeles 9 @ Calgary 4 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Winnipeg 4 @ Vancouver 3 (OT) (Vancouver led best-of-seven series 3-2)

10 years ago
2003


World events
U.S. forces in Iraq arrested Muhammad Mohsen Zobeidi, who had proclaimed himself mayor of Baghdad.

Diplomacy
Gerry Adams, president of the Sinn Fein party in Northern Ireland, announced that the Irish Republican Army would disarm and ban paramilitary activity as long as other groups met their commitments to the Good Friday Peace Accords.

Friday, 26 April 2013

April 26, 2013

210 years ago
1803


Space
Thousands of meteor fragments fell from the skies of L'Aigle, France, convincing European scientists that meteors existed.

90 years ago
1923


Married on this date
The Duke of York and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon--the future King George VI and Queen Mother Elizabeth--were wed at Westminster Abbey in London.

80 years ago
1933


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Typewritten Will

Abominations
Jewish students were barred from school in Germany.

The Gestapo, the official secret police force of Nazi Germany, was established.

75 years ago
1938

World events

Austrian Jews were required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks.

50 years ago
1963


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): From a Jack to a King--Ned Miller (8th week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Mecca--Gene Pitney (4th week at #1)
2 Summer Holiday--Cliff Richard and the Shadows
3 I Will Follow Him--Little Peggy March
4 Peanuts--The 4 Seasons
5 Surfin' U.S.A.--Beach Boys
6 Pipeline--Chantays
7 Puff the Magic Dragon--Peter, Paul and Mary
8 Bo Diddley--Ronnie Hawkins
9 Dancing Shoes--Cliff Richard and the Shadows
10 Can't Get Used to Losing You--Andy Williams

Music
The single Do You Want to Know a Secret?/I'll Be on My Way by Billy J. Kramer with the Dakotas was released in the U.K. on Parlophone Records. Both songs were written by Paul McCartney and John Lennon, credited in that order.

Law
Amendments to the Libyan constitution transformed the United Kingdom of Libya into one national unity known as the Kingdom of Libya and allowed for female participation in elections.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree--Dawn featuring Tony Orlando (2nd week at #1)

Scandal
It was reported that Jeb Stuart Magruder had resigned from his position as Assistant U.S. Secretary of Commerce and that he had told government prosecutors in a secret meeting that John Mitchell, then U.S. Attorney General, and White House counsel John Dean had approved, at a secret meeting, the June 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate office complex in Washington. Mr. Magruder had served as deputy director of the Committee to Re-Elect the President (CREEP), whose responsibility for the attempted bugging was being investigated.

Disasters
An avalanche swept through southwestern Quito, Ecuador, killing at least 25 people and leaving 2,000 homeless.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
East Division Finals
Cleveland 1 @ New England 4 (New England won best-of-seven series 4-1)

West Division Finals
Winnipeg 3 @ Houston 0 (Winnipeg won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Tom Earl scored the winning goal in the 2nd period as the Whalers defeated the Crusaders at Boston Arena.

Norm Beaudin scored 2 goals and goalie Ernie Wakely posted a shutout as the Jets blanked the Aeros at Sam Houston Arena.

30 years ago
1983


Aviation
The Skyship 500, the first Canadian-built airship, made its first flight in Toronto. It used non-flammable helium and could carry 10 people.

Education
The 18-member National Commission on Excellence in Education, created by United States Secretary of Education Terrel Bell in 1981, issued its report, A Nation at Risk. The panel said that the decline of the schools "threatens our very future as a nation and a people." The report found that students were falling behind their contemporaries in other industrialized nations in academic skills. Arguing that excellence was less expensive than mediocrity, the report called on the public to provide the money needed to turn the situation around. The panel recommended that schools put more emphasis on English, mathematics, science, social studies, and compute science; that the school day and the school year be lengthened; that teachers be rewarded for merit rather than seniority; and that colleges raise their admission standards.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones Industrial Average broke 1,200 for the first time.

Politics and government
San Francisco Mayor Dianne Feinstein won an overwhelming victory in a recall election.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference Finals
New York Islanders 5 @ Boston 2 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

25 years ago
1988

Politics and government

In the Manitoba provincial election, the governing New Democratic Party, under Premier Howard Pawley, lost to the Progressive Conservatives, whose leader was Gary Filmon. The PCs took 25 seats; the Liberals, led by Sharon Carstairs, took 20 seats to become the official Opposition; and the NDP were reduced to 12 seats.

In the contests for the 1988 United States presidential nominations, Vice-President George Bush mathematically clinched the Republican nomination with a victory in the Pennsylvania primary. He now had 1,144 pledged delegates, 5 more than the minimum needed. Michael Dukakis won the Democratic primary, taking 67% of the vote to Jesse Jackson’s 27%. For the first time, Mr. Dukakis had opened a large lead over Rev. Jackson: 1,250 delegates to 850, with 2,081 needed in order to clinch the nomination.

Labour
A strike of about 15,000 workers began at the Lenin steel mill near Krakow, Poland.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product had grown at a 2.3% annual rate during the first quarter of 1988.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals

The Boston Bruins defeated the Montreal Canadiens at the Montreal Forum to win their series 4 games to 1. It marked the first time in 45 years (and 18 series) that the Bruins had taken a playoff series from the Canadiens.

Baseball
New York Mets’ first baseman Keith Hernandez hit a pair of home runs and drove in seven runs during a 13-4 rout of the Atlanta Braves. The seven RBI gave Hernandez 1,000 for his major league career. Davey Johnson became the second manager to record 400 victories in his first 4 years (Al Lopez was the first).

Basketball
The NBA approved the addition of a third referee for games in the 1988-89 season.

20 years ago
1993


Space
U.S. space shuttle Columbia lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin mission STS-55, a nine-day mission of biological and materials-testing experiments. The Commander was U.S. Air Force Colonel Steven Nagel; the research directors were Dr. Ulrich Walter and Hans William Schlegel, both German physicists. Other astronauts aboard were Col. Jerry Ross and Major Charles Precourt of the U.S. Air Force; and Dr. Bernard Harris, a physician.

Defense
Canadian Defense Minister Kim Campbell announced that the conduct of Canadian soldiers in Somalia would be investigated by a board of inquiry, noting that four civilians in Somalia had been killed by Canadians since February.

Economics and finance
The U.K. Central Statistical Office showed that the economy had grown 0.2% in the first quarter of 1993, prompting the government of Prime Minister John Major to declare that the recession which had lasted more than two years was over.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Montreal 5 @ Quebec 4 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-2)

10 years ago
2003


Died on this date
Max Nicholson, 98. Irish ornithologist and environmentalist. Mr. Nicholson was one of the founders, and later the chairman of, the British Trust for Ornithology, and was a founder of the World Wildlife Fund and the International Institute for Environment and Development.

Peter Stone, 73. U.S. writer. Mr. Stone won Tony Awards for his books for the musicals 1776 (1965); Woman of the Year (1981); and Titanic (1997). He won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for Father Goose (1964). Mr. Stone was known for writing screenplays in the style of the movies of Alfred Hitchcock, examples of which included Charade (1963); Mirage (1965); and Arabesque (1966).

Rosemary Brown, 72. Canadian politician. A native of Kingston, Jamaica, Ms. Brown came to Canda in 1950 to study at McGill University. A New Democrat, she became the first Negro woman in Canada to be elected to a provincial legislature, serving as an MLA in British Columbia from 1972-1986. Ms. Brown became the second woman--and the first Negro woman-- to run for the leadership of a federal party. She ran for the leadership of the federal NDP in 1975 and finished a strong second to Ed Broadbent, taking over 41% of the vote on the fourth and final ballot.

Wednesday, 24 April 2013

April 25, 2013

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Suzie Martin!

80 years ago
1933

Baseball

New York Yankees' rookie Russ Van Atta made a successful major league debut when he pitched a five-hit shutout against the Washington Nationals and collected 4 singles in 4 at bats. Earle Combs added 5 hits as the Yankees won 16-0.

75 years ago
1938


Law
The United States Supreme Court ruled 6-2 in Erie Railroad Company v. Harry J. Tompkins that under the Rules of Decision Act, federal district courts in diversity jurisdiction cases had to apply the law of the states in which they sat, including the judicial doctrine of the state's highest court, where it did not conflict with federal law. There was no general federal common law. The decision overturned almost a century of U.S. federal civil procedure case law.

60 years ago
1953


Hit Parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Takes Two to Tango--Louis Armstrong; Pearl Bailey

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Doggie in the Window--Patti Page (Best seller--6th week at #1; Disc Jockey--5th week at #1; Jukebox--4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Doggie in the Window--Patti Page (6th week at #1)
2 I Believe--Frankie Laine
--[Jane Froman]
3 Pretend--Nat "King" Cole
4 Tell Me a Story--Jimmy Boyd and Frankie Laine
5 April in Portugal--Les Baxter and his Orchestra
6 The Song from Moulin Rouge (Where is Your Heart)--Percy Faith and his Orchestra
7 Ruby--Richard Hayman and his Orchestra
8 Till I Waltz Again with You--Teresa Brewer
9 Your Cheatin' Heart--Joni James
10 Caravan--Ralph Marterie and his "Down Beat" Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Say You're Mine Again by Perry Como (#22); Less than Tomorrow by Hamish Menzies (#25); and Sleep by Les Paul (#31).

Science
The article Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid by Francis Crick and James Watson describing the double helix of DNA was published in the journal Nature.

50 years ago
1963


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): How Do You Do It--Gerry and the Pacemakers (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
17 days after the Canadian federal election, the result in the Quebec riding of Pontiac-Temiscamingue was decided in Campbell's Bay when returning officer J. Denzil Moodie flipped a new quarter in and voted for Progressive Conservative candidate and former cabinet minister Paul Martineau to break a tie with Liberal candidate Paul Goulet. On April 8, the count of the vote showed Mr. Goulet with a 16-vote lead over Mr. Goulet, 6,612-6,596, with 3,397 for Social Credit candidate Yvan Beaule and 369 for New Democratic Party candidate Lorne Catherwood. A judicial recount resulted in 6,448 votes for Mr. Martineau, 6,448 for Mr. Goulet, 3,339 for Mr. Beaule, 351 for Mr. Catherwood, and 421 spoiled ballots. Mr. Moodie was given the choice of flipping a coin or turning a card to decide the outcome, and chose the coin flip. He said he couldn't remember which side of the quarter favoured Mr. Martineau or how the coin flip turned out, but he and Mr. Martineau were friends and planned to go out and celebrate Mr. Martineau's victory. The result left the Liberals with 129 seats in the House of Commons with 95 Progressive Conservative, 24 Social Credit, and 17 NDP members.

40 years ago
1973


Disasters
Flooding in the Mississippi-Missouri River Valley reached its peak when the Mississippi River crested at 43.3 feet in St. Louis, the highest level in 30 years. Thousands of people fled their homes as 1,700 National Guardsmen were called in to fight the flood waters in eastern Missouri.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference Finals
New York 97 @ Boston 98 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-2)

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Billie Jean--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Bronislau Kaper, 81. Polish-born U.S. composer. Mr. Kaper grew up in Poland, but moved to Berlin as a student, and fled to France when the Nazis took power in Germany in 1933. When Hollywood mogul Louis B. Mayer was on vacation in 1935, he heard one of Mr. Kaper’s songs, and brought the composer to America, signing him for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Mr. Kaper wrote the music for over 100 movies, including San Francisco (1936); Gaslight (1944); The Stranger (1946); Green Dolphin Street (1947); Act of Violence (1949); Them! (1954); The Brothers Karamazov (1958); Home From the Hill (1960); and Lord Jim (1965). He was nominated for an Academy Award for Music (Scoring of a Musical Picture) for The Chocolate Soldier (1941), and won the Oscar for Music (Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture) for Lili (1953). Mr. Kaper received two Oscar nominations for the 1962 version of Mutiny on the Bounty: Music (Original Song) for Love Song From Mutiny on the Bounty (Follow Me); and Music (Score--Substantially Original). For many moviegoers and critics, Mr. Kaper’s score for Mutiny on the Bounty was the best part of the film. He also wrote the theme music for the CBS television series The F.B.I., which ran from 1965-1974.

arlos Paula, 55. Cuban-born U.S. baseball player. Mr. Paula, the Washington Nationals' first Negro player, played 157 games for them from 1954-1956, batting .271. 117 of those games were played in 1955, when he hit .299 with 6 home runs and 45 runs batted in. However, Mr. Paula, the Nationals' regular right fielder that year, made 10 errors, and had a fielding percentage of just .941, which may explain why he didn't have a longer career in the major leagues.

Space
The U.S. probe Pioneer 10, launched March 2, 1972, travelled beyond the orbit of Pluto.

Journalism
Three days after announcing that it had obtained 60 volumes of diaries by German dictator Adolf Hitler written between 1932 and 1945, the West German magazine Stern published the first installment.

Politics and government
Partido Socialista, under the leadership of Mario Soares, won the national election in Portugal, but fell short of a majority.

Presidential elections in Sudan concluded with Gaafar Mohamed Nimeiri re-elected to a third six-year term.

Diplomacy
Soviet leader Yuri Andropov invited 10-year-old American schoolgirl Samantha Smith to visit the U.S.S.R. as part of her effort to promote world peace.

Defense
France carried out a nuclear test at Muruora Island.

The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau announced that it would pay $630 million for new Coast Guard ships, and $147 million for fire-fighting aircraft.

Television
The American Broadcasting Company news program Nightline expanded from a half-hour to a full hour every weeknight.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean

Died on this date
Lanny Ross, 82
. U.S. singer, pianist and songwriter. Mr. Ross, whose career included radio, vaudeville, recordings, movies, and night clubs, became a major in the U.S. Army in World War II. He introduced the popular song Stay As Sweet As You Are in the 1934 movie College Rhythm, and had a hit when the song was subsequently released as a single. His composition Listen to My Heart was sung by Patricia Gilmore in the 1939 short film Tempo of Tomorrow. Mr. Ross also had a five-year run on the radio program Show Boat.

World events
A three-judge panel sentenced John Demjanjuk to death, a week after an Israeli court had found him guilty of war crimes against Jews at the Treblinka death camp in Poland during World War II. Mr. Demjanjuk, a United States citizen, had been extradited to Israel in 1986.

Politics and government
Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis won the Utah caucus in the contest for the 1988 Democratic party nomination for President of the United States.

Labour
In Poland, workers struck at Bydgoszcz, and were awarded a big pay hike.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Calgary 4 @ Edmonton 6 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-0)

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: All That She Wants--Ace of Base

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): All That She Wants--Ace of Base (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Informer--Snow

#1 single in the U.K.: Five Live (EP)--George Michael and Queen with Lisa Stansfield

Five Live contained the following tracks: Somebody to Love, performed by Queen and George Michael; Killer, performed by George Michael; Papa Was a Rollin' Stone, performed by George Michael; These Are the Days of Our Lives, performed by Queen, George Michael and Lisa Stansfield; and Calling You, performed by George Michael.

Politics and government
Russian President Boris Yeltsin won a major victory over the Congress of People's Deputies in a national referendum that attracted a voter turnout of 65.7%. Mr. Yeltsin's presidency received the support of 58% of the voters, with 53% voting in favour of his economic reforms. Opposition leaders dismissed the result as not representing a clear majority of registered voters.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Pittsburgh 1 @ New Jersey 4 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Detroit 2 @ Toronto 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Chicago 3 @ St. Louis 4 (OT) (St. Louis won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Vancouver 3 @ Winnipeg 1 (Vancouver led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Calgary 1 @ Los Angeles 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

IIHF World Men's Championship @ Munich
Canada 3 Russia 1

10 years ago
2003


Diplomacy
Talks in Beijing between North Korean officials and officials from China and the United States over the status of North Korea's nuclear weapons program broke off after two days.

Science
The Human Genome Project came to an end, 2 1/2 years earlier than expected.

Politics and government
The Georgia legislature voted to scrap the Confederate flag design from its state flag.

Tuesday, 23 April 2013

April 24, 2013

180 years ago
1833

Technology

Jacob Evert and George Dulty patented the soda fountain.

125 years ago
1888

Business

Eastman Kodak was formed in Rochester, New York.

100 years ago
1913


Americana
The 57-storey Woolworth Building opened in New York City.

80 years ago
1933


Abominations
Nazi Germany began its persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses by shutting down the Watch Tower Society office in Magdeburg.

Baseball
New York Giants’ shortstop Dick Bartell became the first major league player to hit four consecutive doubles in a 9-inning game.

70 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I've Heard That Song Before--Harry James and his Music Makers (8th week at #1)

60 years ago
1953


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Believe--Frankie Laine

On television tonight
Tales of Tomorrow, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Please Omit Flowers, starring Ann Burr

Britannica
Prime Minister Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.

50 years ago
1963


Married on this date
Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra of Kent married Honourable Angus Ogilvy at Westminster Abbey in London.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Boston 112 Los Angeles 109 (Boston won best of seven series 4-2)

Bob Cousy scored 18 points as he ended his 13-year NBA career by leading the Celtics to their fifth straight NBA championship with their win over the Lakers at the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Der Junge mit der Mundharmonika--Bernd Clüver

Politics and government
Apparently bowing to strong U.S. pressure, Cambodian President Lon Nol said he would share power with three opponents: In Tam, General Sisowath Sirik Matak; and Cheng Heng.

Diplomacy
Under pressure from his political opposition, Japanese Foreign Minister Masayoshi Ohira announced that the Japanese government had rejected U.S. President Richard Nixon's invitation to Emperor Hirohito to make a state visit to the United States, further straining U.S.-Japanese relations.

Disasters
Eight U.S. soldiers were killed and five injured when two U.S. Army helicopters flying simulated war games collided.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Philadelphia 3 @ Montreal 5 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-1)
New York Rangers 1 @ Chicago 4 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Henri Richard scored the winning goal in the 3rd period as the Canadiens defeated the Flyers at the Montreal Forum to advance to the finals. For losing goalie Doug Favell, it was his last game in a Philadelphia uniform.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
West Division Finals
Winnipeg 4 @ Houston 2 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Christian Bordeleau scored the winning goal with 2:11 remaining in regulation time as the Jets beat the Aeros at Sam Houston Arena.

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Billie Jean--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Rolf Stommelen, 39
. West German auto racing driver. Mr. Stommelen was a Formula One driver from 1969-1978 and a sports car driver until his death, which occurred during a Camel GT event at Riverside International Raceway in California when the rear wing of his Porsche 935 broke at 190 miles per hour, and the car slammed against a concrete wall, somersaulted, and caught fire. Mr. Stommelen died of head injuries.

World events
Federal Bureau of Investigation Director William Webster said that there were about 1,000 Russians and eastern Europeans in the United States who were engaged in the pursuit of classified information, primarily related to military secrets and high technology.

Politics and government
The Socialist party of Austria lost its absolute majority in the general election, and Bruno Kreisky resigned as Chancellor. A coalition with the Austrian Freedom Party resulted, and Fred Sinowatz took office as Chancellor on May 24.

Sport
Cliff Thorburn of Canada won the world professional snooker championship in Sheffield, England, becoming the first player to record a maximum 147 break.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference Finals
Chicago 4 @ Edmonton 8 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 1-0)

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Tell it to My Heart--Taylor Dayne

Politics and government
In the first round of runoffs in the French presidential election, socialist candidate and President Francois Mitterand took 34% of the vote; conservative leader Jacques Chirac got 20%; independent Leon Barre polled 17%, and National Front leader Jean-Marie Le Pen got 14%. The Communist candidate received 7% of the vote.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Boston 2 Montreal 0
Washington 4 New Jersey 1

20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Are You Gonna Go My Way--Lenny Kravitz (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Sei Un Mito--883 (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Feel You--Depeche Mode (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Open Sesame--Leila K

#1 single in France (SNEP): Alison--Jordy (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Mr. Blue--René Klijn (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Informer--Snow (7th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Have Nothing--Whitney Houston (3rd week at #1)
2 Informer--Snow
3 Two Princes--Spin Doctors
4 Love Is--Vanessa Williams and Brian McKnight
5 Don't Walk Away--Jade
6 Angel--Jon Secada
7 If I Ever Lose My Faith in You--Sting
8 Looking Through Patient Eyes--PM Dawn
9 Cat's in the Cradle--Ugly Kid Joe
10 Freak Me--Silk

Singles entering the chart were Come Undone by Duran Duran (#69); What's Up by 4 Non Blondes (#78); If I Could by Regina Belle (#83); Hero by David Crosby and Phil Collins (#85); and Knockin' Da Boots by H-Town (#87).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 If I Ever Lose My Faith in You--Sting (2nd week at #1)
2 Two Princes--Spin Doctors
3 I Have Nothing--Whitney Houston
4 Simple Life--Elton John
5 Love Is--Vanessa Williams and Brian McKnight
6 Angel--Jon Secada
7 Lost in Your Eyes--The Jeff Healey Band
8 That's What Love Can Do--Boy Krazy
9 Informer--Snow
10 The Crying Game--Boy George

Singles entering the chart included Truganini by Midnight Oil (#67); Somebody to Love by George Michael and Queen (#91); A Song for You by Ray Charles (#94); and Money Can't Buy It by Annie Lennox (#96).

Died on this date
Oliver Tambo, 75
. South African politician. Mr. Tambo, an anti-apartheid activist, co-founded the African National Congress Youth League in 1943 and rose through the ranks, serving as the ANC's president from the late 1960s to the 1990s.

Music
Willie Nelson, John Mellencamp, Travis Tritt, Lyle Lovett, Dwight Yoakam, Bruce Hornsby, Neil Young, and Ringo Starr performed at the Farm Aid Six concert in Ames, Iowa.

Terrorism
One man was killed, 44 people were injured, and £350m in damage resulted from a bomb planted by the Irish Republican Army that exploded in the Bishopsgate area of the City of London.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Quebec 2 @ Montreal 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Boston 5 @ Buffalo 6 (OT) (Buffalo won best-of-seven series 4-0)

10 years ago
2003


Defense
In talks with American and Chinese officials, North Korean officials claimed that the country had a nuclear bomb, and threatened to "test, export, or use" the weapon.

World events
Tariq Aziz, former deputy foreign minister in the regime of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, turned himself in to U.S. troops in Baghdad.

Environment
After an 11-year moratorium, the Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien closed the Atlantic cod fishery. Despite stringent attempts at conservation, the cod stocks showed no signs of recovery. About 1,000 commercial fishermen were offered $44 million in compensation.

April 23, 2013

1,710 years ago
303


Died on this date
Saint George, 23-28 (?)
. Roman soldier and Christian martyr. George was a tribune in the Guard of Emperor Diocletian. He was decapitated in Nicomedia after proclaiming his Christian faith and refusing to the emperor's face Diocletian's edict to offer a sacrifice to Roman gods.

670 years ago
1343


Protest
Estonians in the Duchy of Estonia, the Bishopric of Ösel-Wiek, and the territories of the State of the Teutonic Order began the St. George's Night Uprising in an attempt to rid the areas of Danish and German rulers and landlords.

380 years ago
1633

World events

Sweden and the Protestant German monarchy formed the Union of Heilbronn.

200 years ago
1813


Born on this date
Stephen A. Douglas
. U.S. politician. Mr. Douglas, a Democrat, represented Illinois in the United States House of Representatives from 1843-1847 and in the U.S. Senate from 1847-1861. He believed in compromise and popular sovereignty--that the people should decide issues such as slavery and territorial expansion, and that these issue should be decided by the local people, not by the federal government. Mr. Douglas is best remembered for his campaign for re-election in 1858, when he engaged in a series of lengthy debates with Republican challenger Abraham Lincoln. While Mr. Douglas emphasized popular sovereignty, Mr. Lincoln stressed slavery as a moral issue. Mr. Douglas was re-elected, but Mr. Lincoln's campaign made him a national figure. In 1860 the Republican Party nominated Mr. Lincoln as its candidate for President of the United States, while the Democrats nominated Mr. Douglas. The Democratic Party was badly divided, as pro-slavery southern Democrats broke with the national party and nominated Vice-President John C. Breckinridge as their presidential candidate. Mr. Douglas became the first presidential nominee to campaign for election in person; he made speaking tours where he opposed southern secessionism and stressed the importance of preserving the Union. Mr. Lincoln won a decisive victory, capturing 180 electoral votes to only 12 for Mr. Douglas. Mr. Douglas urged the South to accept Mr. Lincoln's victory, denouncing secession as criminal. He supported Mr. Lincoln's actions at the beginning of the Civil War in April 1861, but died of typhoid fever on June 3, 1861 at the age of 48.

130 years ago
1883

Politics and government

Conservative party leader Jan Heemskerk Abrahamzoon took office as Prime Minister of the Netherlands.

125 years ago
1888


Born on this date
Georges Vanier
. Governor General of Canada, 1959-1967. Mr. Vanier, a native of Montreal, won the Military Cross in 1916 for his actions in the Great War, and lost his right leg in battle two years later. He continued as an army officer and spent several decades as a diplomat before accepting the position as Governor General, becoming the first person of French-Canadian ancestry to be appointed to the post. Mr. Vanier continued the Canadian tradition of vice-regal patronage of amateur sports when he created the Governor General's Fencing Award and donated the Vanier Cup in 1965 for the championship of university football in Canada. Mr. Vanier died in office on March 5, 1967 at the age of 78; Roland Michener was soon appointed to succeed him as Governor General.

Politics and government
Aeneas Mackay, leader of the Anti-Revolutionaire Partij, took office as Prime Minister of the Netherlands, replacing Jan Heemskerk Abrahamzoon.

50 years ago
1963


Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 14.

Law
Robert Taschereau was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada. He had been a Puisne (Associate) Justice of the Supreme Court since 1940.

40 years ago
1973


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Top of the World--Carpenters

#1 single in France: Rien qu'une larme--Mike Brant (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger told the annual meeting of Associated Press of a U.S. proposal for "a new Atlantic Charter setting the goals for the future" by the time President Nixon travelled to Europe in the fall. According to Mr. Kissinger, the plan "...creates for the Atlantic nations a new relationship in whose progress Japan can share." He stressed that Europe's economic success had created friction with the United States that could be overcome by a determined commitment on both sides to find cooperative solutions. The United Kingdom and West Germany hailed Mr. Kissinger's proposal, while a European Economic Community spokesman praised the speech as an indication that the U.S. was reducing its involvement in Vietnam.

30 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Do You Really Want to Hurt Me--Culture Club (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Words--F.R. David

#1 single in the U.K.: Let's Dance--David Bowie (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Come On Eileen--Dexys Midnight Runners & the Emerald Express

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Come On Eileen--Dexys Midnight Runners & the Emerald Express
2 Mr. Roboto--Styx
3 Billie Jean--Michael Jackson
4 Beat It--Michael Jackson
5 Jeopardy--Greg Kihn Band
6 One on One--Daryl Hall & John Oates
7 Der Kommissar--After the Fire
8 Back on the Chain Gang--Pretenders
9 You Are--Lionel Richie
10 Let's Dance--David Bowie

Singles entering the chart were Looking for a Stranger by Pat Benatar (#78); Do You Wanna Hold Me? by Bow Wow Wow (#82); Electric Avenue by Eddy Grant (#83); Too Shy by Kajagoogoo (#84); Front Page Story by Neil Diamond (#86); You Can't Run from Love by Eddie Rabbitt (#87); When I'm with You by Sheriff (#88); The Devil Made Me Do It by Golden Earring (#89); and That's Love by Jim Capaldi (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 She Blinded Me with Science--Thomas Dolby
2 Mr. Roboto--Styx
3 Billie Jean--Michael Jackson
4 Jeopardy--Greg Kihn Band
5 Hungry Like the Wolf--Duran Duran
6 Let's Dance--David Bowie
7 Midnight Blue--Louise Tucker
8 Beat It--Michael Jackson
9 Back on the Chain Gang--Pretenders
10 Do You Really Want to Hurt Me--Culture Club

Singles entering the chart were Welcome to the Heartlight by Kenny Loggins (#41); Some Kind of Friend by Barry Manilow (#42); My Love by Lionel Richie (#44); Affair of the Heart by Rick Springfield (#46); Wishing by A Flock of Seagulls (#49); and Flashdance...What a Feeling by Irene Cara (#50). Flashdance...What a Feeling was from the movie Flashdance (1983).

Died on this date
Buster Crabbe, 75
. U.S. swimmer and actor. Mr. Crabbe, a graduate of the University of Southern California, won a bronze medal in the 1,500 metre freestyle swimming event in the 1928 Olympic games at Amsterdam, and followed that with a gold medal in the 400 metre freestyle in the 1932 Olympics at Los Angeles. By that time he’d already made several movie appearances, beginning with Good News in 1930. He appeared in many western and adventure movies, but is best known as the star of the Flash Gordon (1936) and Buck Rogers (1939) serials. Mr. Crabbe also starred in the television series Captain Gallant of the Foreign Legion (filmed in Morocco) from 1955-1957. In 1971, at the age of 64, Mr. Crabbe set a record time for swimmers over 60 in the 400 metre freestyle. He made his last movie appearance in The Comeback Trail in 1982.

Academia
Grant MacEwan Community College held its graduation ceremony at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton. This blogger, who attended GMCC in 1981-82, was on hand to congratulate some of his former classmates.

25 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in France (SNEP): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): L'Amore Rubato--Luca Barbarossa (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Heart--Pet Shop Boys (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Heart--Pet Shop Boys (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Where Do Broken Hearts Go--Whitney Houston

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean (2nd week at #1)
2 Devil Inside--INXS
3 Where Do Broken Hearts Go--Whitney Houston
4 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
5 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson
6 Girlfriend--Pebbles
7 Angel--Aerosmith
8 Pink Cadillac--Natalie Cole
9 Some Kind of Lover--Jody Watley
10 Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley

Singles entering the chart were Foolish Beat by Debbie Gibson (#61); Make it Real by the Jets (#72); Nothin' But a Good Time by Poison (#84); Tall Cool One by Robert Plant (#85); Stand Up by David Lee Roth (#86); and Love Struck by Jesse Johnson's Revue (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean (3rd week at #1)
2 Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley
3 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson
4 Endless Summer Nights--Richard Marx
5 I Saw Him Standing There--Tiffany
6 Devil Inside--INXS
7 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
8 Push It--Salt-N-Pepa
9 (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay--Michael Bolton
10 I'm Still Searching--Glass Tiger

Singles entering the chart were One More Try by George Michael (#79); Say it Again by Jermaine Stewart (#85); Together Forever by Rick Astley (#88); Circle in the Sand by Belinda Carlisle (#91); Piano in the Dark by Brenda Russell (#96); and Talking Back to the Night by Steve Winwood (#97).

Canada's top 10 (The Record)
1 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean (2nd week at #1)
2 Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley
3 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
4 I Saw Him Standing There--Tiffany
5 Push It--Salt-N-Pepa
6 Pump Up the Volume--M/A/R/R/S
7 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson
8 I'm Still Searching--Glass Tiger
9 Endless Summer Nights--Richard Marx
10 Devil Inside--INXS

Aviation
A Greek man pedalled a self-powered aircraft 74 miles.

Health
The United States instituted a federal ban on smoking during domestic airline flights of 2 hours or less.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Calgary 2 @ Edmonton 4 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-0)
.
20 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Give In to Me--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): All That She Wants--Ace of Base (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
César Chávez, 66
. U.S. labour activist. Mr. Chávez co-founded the National Farm Workers' Association (later known as United Farm Workers). He was known for his support of the rights of migrant farm workers--especially those of Hispanic ancestry--in the western United States.

Lalith Athulathmudali, 56. Sri Lankan politician. Mr. Athulathmudali was Sri Lanka's Minister of Education, National Security, Trade and Agriculture in the United National Party government of President J.R. Jayewardene in the 1980s. He formed a new party, the Democratic United National Front, after an unsuccessful attempt to impeach Mr. Jayewardene's successor, Ranasinghe Premadasa. Four weeks before Provincial Council elections for the Western Province, Mr. Athulathmudali was assassinated by a gunman in Colombo after an election rally. A Tamil youth named Ragunathan--whose body was found the next day--was initially blamed, but a presidential commission concluded that Mr. Premadasa was directly responsible for the assassination of Mr. Athulathmudali and the death of Mr. Ragunathan, who had been forced to take cyanide. Mr. Premadasa never faced any charges, since he was assassinated by a suicide bomber just eight days after the death of Mr. Athulathmudali.

World events
Eritreans voted overwhelmingly for independence from Ethiopia in a United Nations-monitored referendum.

Scandal
A U.S. Defense Department inquiry found that 175 U.S. Navy personnel could face disciplinary charges for drinking, debauchery, and sexual assault and harassment of 83 women and 7 men at the 35th Annual Tailhook Association Symposium from September 8–12, 1991 at the Las Vegas Hilton Hotel.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Detroit 2 @ Toronto 4 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Chicago 0 @ St. Louis 3 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Calgary 3 @ Los Angeles 2 (Calgary led best-of-seven series 2-1)

10 years ago
2003


Died on this date
James H. Critchfield, 86
. U.S. intelligence officer. Mr. Critchfield was chief of the Central Intelligence Agency's Near East and South Asia division, in which position he recommended in the early 1960s that the United States support the Baath Party in Iraq against the current government, which was believed to be under Soviet influence. Shortly after joining the agency in 1948, he exploited former Nazi organizations to gain intelligence on the Soviet Union.

Diplomacy
U.S. and North Korean officials met in Beijing to discuss the status of North Korea's nuclear weapons program.

World events
11 of the 55 members of the deposed Iraqi regime of President Saddam Hussein who were being sought by U.S. military officials were now in custody.

Politics and government
After a 10-day stalemate, Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat and Mahmoud Abbas, his choice for Prime Minister of the Palestinian Territories, reached agreement on the composition of a new cabinet; it included several members loyal to Mr. Arafat. The move paved the way for the U.S.A. to introduce a new peace plan.

Health
The World Health Organization added Toronto to a list of places that should be avoided by travellers because of the risk of severe acute repiratory syndeome (SARS). The move angered Canadian officials.

Crime
Stan and Frank Koebel, the brothers at the centre of the tainted water scandal in Walkerton, Ontario, were charged with 12 offenses, including breach of trust and public endangerment. Seven people had died in 2000 when deadly E. coli bacteria had contaminated the town's water supply, which the brothers had been responsible for.