Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Vivian Koshman!
150 years ago
The Khedivate of Egypt became an autonomous tributary state of the Ottoman Empire, with Isma'il Pasha as Khedive.
125 years ago
The Limelight Department, one of the world's first film studios, was officially established by the Salvation Army in Melbourne, Australia.
100 years ago
Politics and government
King Alexander assumed the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicated under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens.
Canadian Prime Minister Robert Borden's Union government introduced the Conscription Act in the House of Commons, and then called an election to get a mandate.
The Canadian government created the Canadian Board of Grain Commissioners, to be established in Regina.
90 years ago
Charles Lindbergh became the first American to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross, less than three weeks after completing the first successful nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean. Mr. Lindbergh was presented with the honour by U.S. President Calvin Coolidge at a ceremony in Washington.
80 years ago
The Soviet government of dictator Josef Stalin executed eight army leaders as part of the Great Purge.
75 years ago
Free French forces retreated from Bir Hakeim after having successfully delayed the Axis advance.
Economics and finance
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull and U.S.S.R. Ambassador to the United States Maxim Litvinov signed the master Lend-Lease agreement in Washington, under which the United States agreed to send aid to the Soviet Union.
The U.S. House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee voted to double the present 5% transportation tax, and also approved increases in cigar, cigarette, and tobacco taxes.
70 years ago
Died on this date
David Walsh, 74. U.S. politician. Mr. Walsh, a Democrat, was Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts from 1913-1914 and Governor of Massachusetts from 1914-1916 before representing the state in the United States Senate from 1919-1925 and 1926-1947. He favoured a neutral and isolationist foreign policy prior to American entry into World War II, but then supported the war, and served as chairman of the Senate Naval Affairs Committee. Sen. Walsh was accused in 1942 of involvement in a homosexual brothel that housed a nest of Nazi spies, but the Federal Bureau of Investigation found no evidence to support the allegations. Nevertheless, some of Sen. Walsh's political contemporaries and some historians believe that Sen. Walsh was a sodomite. Sen. Walsh was defeated in his bid for re-election in 1946 by Republican Party candidate Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., and died of a cerebral hemorrhage.
U.S. President Harry Truman addressed the Canadian Parliament in Ottawa, defending his policy of providing American aid for "those who seek to live at peace with their neighbors." He strongly endorsed U.S.-Canada joint defense and the St. Lawrence Seaway project.
The Moslem League chose Karachi as the temporary capital of the Muslim state of Pakistan.
Politics and government
The Bulgarian National Assembly expelled 23 Agrarian Party deputies, charging them with being "tools" of arrested Agrarian Party leader Nikola Petkov.
Economics and finance
Japanese Prime Minister Tetsu Katayama announced emergency rules to combat the nation's economic crisis, including tighter food control; more extensive rationing; price revision; and promotion of foreign trade.
U.S. Agriculture Secretary Clinton Anderson announced an end to household and institutional sugar rationing, but said that industrial rationing and price controls would continue.
U.K. Chancellor of the Exchequer Hugh Dalton rejected legislation guaranteeing equal pay for women, claiming that it may prove inflationary.
60 years ago
The United States launched the 5,000-mile Atlas missile from Cape Canaveral, Florida, but range officers destroyed the vehicle after it went out of control.
Mobs of European students and war veterans attacked Arab shops in Algiers in retaliation for the June 9 dance hall bombing that killed 12 people and wounded 85 others, most of them Europeans. Five Muslims and one European were killed in the retaliatory attacks despite anti-riot action by Franch police and parachutists.
The U.S.A., U.K., and France rejected U.S.S.R. proposals for a Big Four declaration of "hands off" policy in the Middle East.
U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and U.S. disarmament negotiator Harold Stassen met in Washington for talks aimed at coordinating U.S. disarmament efforts more closely with those of Western allies.
50 years ago
The two-day KFRC Fantasy Fair and Magic Mountain Music Festival concluded at the 4,000-seat Sidney B. Cushing Memorial Amphitheatre high on the south face of Mount Tamalpais in Marin County, California. The total attendance was at least 36,000.
A cease-fire was signed, ending the Six-Day War. Israel ended up with possession of the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank of the Jordan River (including East Jerusalem), and the Golan Heights.
Five days of race riots began in Tampa and Cincinnati.
Adolfo Phillips hit a home run in the first game and 3 in the second game to help the Chicago Cubs sweep a doubleheader from the New York Mets 5-3 and 18-10 before 19,247 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Randy Hundley hit 2 homers for the Cubs in the second game, and Ron Santo and Ernie Banks also homered for the Cubs. Ron Swoboda, Jerry Buchek, Jerry Grote, and Bob Johnson hit home runs for the Mets, the last three of which came in the 9th inning. Chuck Hartenstein, the third of four Chicago pitchers, was the winning pitcher in the second game, despite allowing 7 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 6 innings. Chuck Estrada, the fourth of six New York pitchers, allowed 5 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 2 innings in the 151st and last game of his 7-year major league career. Johnny Lewis struck out as a pinch hitter in the 7th and walked and scored in the 9th for New York, and made 1 putout in left field, in the 266th and last game of his 4-year major league career.
Bob Aspromonte of the Houston Astros and Don Pavletich of the Cincinnati Reds each hit a home run in each game as the teams split a doubleheader, with the Astros winning the first game 7-4 and the Reds winning the second game 8-4 before 23,722 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Jim Wynn hit a 2-run homer for the Astros in the 3rd inning of game 2, with the ball bouncing along the freeway outside the ballpark.
Hank Aaron led off the bottom of the 10th inning with a single, stole second base, and scored on a 1-out error by first baseman Jack Hiatt, who dropped a throw from third baseman Jim Ray Hart on a ground ball by Denis Menke, giving the Atlanta Braves a 4-3 win over the San Francisco Giants before 27,465 fans at Atlanta Stadium.
The Philadelphia Phillies scored 6 runs in the 1st inning and coasted to a 14-1 rout of the Pittsburgh Pirates before 15,915 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Gary Sutherland had 4 hits for the Phillies, and winning pitcher Jim Bunning pitched an 8-hit complete game and drove in 3 runs with a double and a ground out.
Roger Maris singled and scored the winning run on a double by Mike Shannon with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th to give the St. Louis Cardinals an 8-7 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers in the first game of a doubleheader before 43,159 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The Dodgers tied the game with 4 runs in the top of the 9th, the last 3 runs coming on a home run by Jim Lefebvre. Mr. Maris hit a solo homer in the 7th inning to provide the insurance run as the Cardinals completed the sweep with a 7-5 win in the second game.
Joe Foy, Rico Petrocelli, and Tony Conigliaro hit consecutive singles to lead off the 8th inning, with Mr. Foy scoring to break a 3-3 tie as the Boston Red Sox edged the Washington Senators 4-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 16,599 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The Senators held on to win the second game 8-7, as George Scott hit a 3-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th to draw the Red Sox to within a run, only to have Mr. Petrocelli ground out to end the game. Gary Waslewski made his major league debut as Boston's starting pitcher in the second game, allowing 4 hits, 5 bases on balls, and 4 runs--1 earned--in 3+ innings, not getting the decision.
Jim O'Toole and Bruce Howard were the respective winning pitchers, winning duels over Mel Stottlemyre and Fritz Peterson, respectively, as the Chicago White Sox swept a doubleheader from the New York Yankees2-1 and 3-2 before 62,582 fans at Yankee Stadium. Mr. Howard lost his shutout in the 9th when Ruben Amaro led off with a double and Jake Gibbs followed with a 2-run home run. Wilbur Wood then relieved Mr. Howard and retired Joe Pepitone and Steve Whitaker, but walked Tom Tresh. Bob Locker then relieved Mr. Wood and retired pinch hitter Elston Howard on a ground out to first baseman Pete Ward to end the game.
The Cleveland Indians scored 2 runs in each of the first 4 innings as they routed the Kansas City Athletics 12-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 13,417 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Luis Tiant pitched a 7-hit complete game victory and added a double, single, and 3 runs. Rocky Colavito hit a solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 6th to break a 2-2 tie as the Indians won the second game 3-2 to complete the sweep. Winning pitcher John O'Donoghue allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in 8+ innings.
Curt Blefary hit a home run in each game for the Baltimore Orioles as they split a doubleheader with the Minnesota Twins, winning the first game 5-2 and losing the second game 10-7 before 22,157 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Jim Perry, the second of three Minnesota pitchers in the second game, allowed 3 hits and no runs in 3 2/3 innings to get the win, hit a 2-run homer, and singled in the eventual deciding run.
Jim Fregosi's 3-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning gave the California Angels a 6-4 win over the Detroit Tigers before 18,059 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Ken Turner made his major league debut on the mound for California, relieving starter Jim McGlothlin with 1 out in the top of the 8th inning and runners on first and third bases. Norm Cash singled home Al Kaline, and Mr. Turner was promptly relieved by Minnie Rojas.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Amarsi un po'--Lucio Battisti (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Rock Bottom--Lynsey de Paul and Mike Moran (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Ma Baker--Boney M.
#1 single in Ireland: Big Tom is Still the King--Susan McCann
#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): I Don't Want to Talk About It/The First Cut is the Deepest--Rod Stewart (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'm Your Boogie Man--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Dreams--Fleetwood Mac
2 I'm Your Boogie Man--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
3 Got to Give it Up Pt. 1--Marvin Gaye
4 Gonna Fly Now (Theme from "Rocky")--Bill Conti
5 Lonely Boy--Andrew Gold
6 Lucille--Kenny Rogers
7 Feels Like the First Time--Foreigner
8 Angel in Your Arms--Hot
9 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
10 Jet Airliner--Steve Miller Band
Singles entering the chart were Handy Man by James Taylor (#71); The Killing of Georgie (Parts 1 and 2) by Rod Stewart (#74); Seaside Woman by Suzy and the Red Stripes (#78); Amarillo by Neil Sedaka (#84); Only the Lucky by Walter Egan (#91); Slide by Slave (#92); I Can't Get Over You by the Dramatics (#93); Don't Turn the Light Out by Cliff Richard (#95); Spanish Wine by Lou Christie (#96); Superman by Celi Bee and Buzzy Bunch (#99); and On and On by Stephen Bishop (#100). Suzy and the Red Stripes were Paul McCartney and Wings recording under another name.
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Sir Duke--Stevie Wonder
2 Dreams--Fleetwood Mac
3 I'm Your Boogie Man--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
4 Angel in Your Arms--Hot
5 Lucille--Kenny Rogers
6 When I Need You--Leo Sayer
7 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
8 Couldn't Get it Right--Climax Blues Band
9 Calling Dr. Love--Kiss
10 Got to Give it Up Pt. 1--Marvin Gaye
Singles entering the chart were Stop, I Don't Need No Sympathy by Alma Fay Brooks (#96); Burning Sky by Bad Company (#97); It Feels So Good to Be Loved by the Manhattans (#98); Lady (Put Light on Me) by Brownsville Station (#99); and I Don't Love You Anymore by Teddy Pendergrass (#100).
Six South Moluccan terrorists and two of their hostages were killed when Dutch marines stormed a train the Moluccans had hijacked on May 23, with 56 passengers, near the Dutch city of Groningen. Seven passengers, one terrorist, and two marines were injured, and two terrorists were taken unharmed. No one was killed in a simultaneous attack on a schoolhouse in nearby Bovensmilde, where four terrorists were holding four teachers hostage. One teacher and 106 children had been released on May 27 after a virus infection swept the school. The terrorists were demanding that the Netherlands pressure Indonesia to grant independence to the South Moluccan islands, and that they and 21 South Moluccans jailed in earlier incidents be flown out of the Netherlands.
Politics and government
Electoral boundary changes were announced that increased number of seats in the Canadian House of Commons by 18 to 282, for the next federal election.
Seattle Slew, with Jean Cruguet up, became the second horse in the past five years to win the Triple Crown and the first ever to win the Triple Crown while unbeaten, winning the 109th running of the Belmont Stakes before 70,229 fans at Belmont Park, New York in a time of 2:29 3/5, 4 lengths ahead of Run Dusty Run, with Sanhedrin third.
30 years ago
Died on this date
Ralph Guldahl, 75. U.S. golfer. Mr. Guldahl won 16 PGA tournaments, including the U.S. Open in 1938 and 1939, and the Masters in 1939. When he won the 1938 U.S. Open, he became the last golfer to do so while wearing a necktie during play.
Politics and government
The Conservative Party, led by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, became the first government to win election to three straight terms. The Conservatives won 375 seats in the House of Commons, a slight decline from 392 in the former Parliament. The Labour Party won 229 seats, and the centrist Alliance of the Liberal and Social Democratic parties took 22 seats. In the popular vote, the Conservatives captured 42% of the vote to 33% for Labour and 23% for the Alliance.
Pope John Paul II, speaking in Gdansk, Poland, gave unmistakeable endorsement to the outlawed trade union movement Solidarity, and granted an audience to Solidarity founder Lech Walesa.
Public demonstrations in Panama against dictator Manuel Antonio Noriega resulted in government suspension of many civil and political rights.
British Columbia (0-1) 14 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 35
Waddell Smith, who had been a star receiver with the Edmonton Eskimos from 1977-1983 before playing in the National Football League in 1984, was attempting a comeback with B.C., and played with the Lions in this game.
Los Angeles Lakers 108 @ Boston 123 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 3-2)
The Celtics outscored the Lakers 38-23 in the 2nd quarter as they defeated the Lakers before 14,890 fans at Boston Garden. Dennis Johnson led Boston with 25 points and 11 rebounds, while Magic Johnson led Los Angeles with 29 points, 8 rebounds, and 12 assists.
25 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Jump--Kris Kross
This blogger arrived in Quebec City to begin a vacation.
U.S. President George Bush, on his way to the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, visited Panama, where he met President Guillermo Endara. Mr. Bush began to address a rally of 15,000 people in Panama City, but 150 protesters down the street began throwing rocks and bottles, and the police fired tear gas. Mr. Bush and members of the audience were affected by the tear gas, and Mr. Bush left the area. He later spoke at an air base.
The United States House of Representatives voted 280-153—9 votes short of the 2/3 majority required—in favour of an amendment to the United States Constitution that would have required a balanced budget in the federal government. Expenditures would not be able to exceed receipts in any year unless the U.S.A. was at war or unless 3/5 of the entire membership of both houses of Congress voted to override the balanced-budget requirement in any year. President George Bush favoured the amendment, but Democratic party leaders in the House rejected it.
Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that prices charged by producers for finished goods had risen 0.4% in May.
20 years ago
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): MMMBop--Hanson (3rd week at #1)
Chicago 90 @ Utah 88 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Michael Jordan, suffering from flu or possible food poisoning, scored 38 points and added 7 rebounds, 5 assists, 3 steals, and 1 block to lead the Bulls as they came back from a 36-20 2nd-quarter deficit to defeat the Jazz before 19,911 fans at Delta Center in Salt Lake City. Karl Malone led the Jazz with 19 points, but made just 1 of 6 field goal attempts in the 2nd half.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Mala Powers, 75. U.S. actress. Miss Powers, born Mary Ellen Powers, appeared in numerous television programs and in movies such as Outrage (1950); Cyrano de Bergerac (1950) and The Colossus of New York (1958). She died of leukemia.
Rogers Communications paid $375 million to acquire the five stations of the CITY-TV network from CTV GlobeMedia Inc.
Mudslides in Chittagong, Bangladesh killed 130 people.
Nielsen Bottom 10, October 23rd-29th, 1972 - A look at the 10 lowest-rated programs on TV during the week of October 23rd-29th, 1972. *Alias Smith & Jones* was at the bottom of the ratings chart. Co...
22 hours ago