Tuesday, 29 March 2016

March 29, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Alexandra Duenas Mejia!

210 years ago

U.S. President Thomas Jefferson authorized construction of the Great National Pike--better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.

200 years ago

Born on this date
Tsultrim Gyatso
. 10th Dalai Lama of Tibet, 1822-1837. Tsultrim Gyatso, born to a modest family, was recognized in 1820 as the reincarnation of Lungtok Gyatso, the 9th Dalai Lama, who had died in 1815. Tsultrim Gyatso was enthroned in 1822, and spent the next nine years in study before taking vows of full ordination. He intended to overhaul the economic structure of Tibet, but he suffered constantly from poor health, and died in 1837 at the age of 21. Khedrup Gyatso, the 11th Dalai Lama, was born in 1838, recognized in 1840, and enthroned in 1842.

175 years ago

St. Mary's College, a Jesuit liberal arts institution in Halifax, was granted a charter by the government of Nova Scotia, while Queen's College, a liberal arts college in Horton founded by Baptists in 1838, became Acadia College.

130 years ago

Popular culture
Dr. John Pemberton brewed the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta.

110 years ago

Politics and government
Saskatchewan's first provincial legislature was opened in Regina by Lieutenant-Governor A. E. Forget.

Winnipeg street railway employees rioted during a two-day strike.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Eugene McCarthy
. U.S. politician. Mr. McCarthy, a Democrat, represented Minnesota in the United States House of Representatives from 1949-1959 and in the Senate from 1959-1971. He was best known for his campaign for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in 1968. Campaigning against U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, Sen. McCarthy captured 42% of the vote in the New Hampshire primary to 49% for President Lyndon Johnson, leading to Mr. Johnson's decision to withdraw from the campaign several weeks later. Sen. McCarthy's campaign lost momentum when Senator Robert F. Kennedy decided to enter the race shortly after, and he never did get the nomination in several attempts in later years. Mr. McCarthy died on December 10, 2005 at the age of 89.

90 years ago

An act bringing in an 8-hour day (48-hour week) in Alberta was set back one year, until a three-man commission could report on its advisability.

80 years ago

World events
In Germany, Fuehrer Adolf Hitler received support of 99% of the voters in a referendum to ratify Germany's illegal reoccupation of the Rhineland. Pro-remilitarization votes amounted to 44.5 million votes out of 45.5 million registered voters.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Amapola (Pretty Little Poppy)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra

The North American Radio Broadcasting Agreement went into effect at 3 A.M. local time, regulating the bandplan of mediumwave AM broadcasting; more than 1,000 of the 1,300 stations under the agreement shifted their frequencies.

British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces defeated those of the Italian Regia Marina off the Peloponnesian coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan, sinking three cruisers and two destroyers.

Secret U.K.-U.S.A. military staff talks ended in Washington after producing a war plan for concentrating on Germany in the event of war with Japan.

World events
Germany ordered her nationals to leave the Yugoslavian province of Serbia as a new government moved to end Croatian opposition. Polish sourced in London reported that the Gestapo had started a new wave of terror in Poland; the sources reported that 3,000 prisoners had died in the Oswiecim concentration camp, and that 85% of Krakow's Jews had been forced to leave the city.

Syrian Arabs demanded immediate elections for the creation of a representative governing council, and called a general strike.

Dr. Edwin Nicholson, a scouting camp master, declared that through the method of emotional conditioning and indoctrination, Boy Scout training tended to encourage youths to accept the status quo and become subservient to the will of others.

5,000 Congress of Industrial Organizations United Auto Workers membes voted to continue their 67-day strike at Allis-Chalmers depsite the U.S. government's order to return to work.

The University of Michigan won its eighth consecutive championship.

Men's championship
Wisconsin 39 Washington State 34

70 years ago

At the movies
House of Horrors, starring Rondo Hatton, Martin Kosleck, and Robert Lowery, opened in theatres.

The Royal Commission investigating Soviet espionage in Canada named five more suspects who had been detained, and charged that Vitali Pavlov, U.S.S.R. Consul in Canada, was a leading agent of the Soviet secret police force NKVD in Ottawa.

Politics and government
Under a new constitution, Gold Coast became the United Kingdom's first African colony to have a majority of elected Africans in its legislature.

Economics and finance
Former New York City Mayor Fiorello La Guardia accepted the appointment as Director-General of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA).

U.S. Army General Lucius Clay, Deputy Military Governor in Germany, reduced the food ration in the U.S. zone of occupation to 1,275 calories per day.

UNRRA officials in Shanghai reported epidemics of cholera, bubonic plague, smallpox, meningitis, and mass hunger in China.

The French Constituent Assembly voted to nationalize the electric and gas industries.

The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate the conference-approved version of the Lea bill aimed at curbing labour practices--especially the power of American Federation of Musicians President James Petrillo--in the communications industry. The Senate approved the Russell amendment to the minimum wage bill, calling for the inclusion of farm labour costs in computing parity prices for farm products.

Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México, one of Mexico's leading universities, was founded.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Chanson pour l'Auvergnat--Georges Brassens (5th week at #1)

50 years ago

On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The 2130, with guest stars Melvyn Douglas and Susan Albert

World events
The armed forces high command in Ecuador deposed the military junta and announced full restoration of civil rights. Clemente Yerovi Indaburu, a businessman from Guayaquil, was named provisional President; he cancelled plans for a scheduled presidential election, but did permit the election of a new constituent assembly.

Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and U.S. President Lyndon Johnson concluded two days of talks in Washington, where they discussed India's food crisis and peace in Asia.

Dow Brewery dumped 1 million gallons (4,546,000 litres) of beer into the St. Lawrence River after 16 people died and 24 more became sick with symptoms suggestive of alcoholic cardiomyopathy in the Québec City area. Those affected were heavy drinkers who preferred Dow; the brewery had been adding cobalt sulfate to the beer for foam stability since July 1965, and that the concentration added in the Quebec city brewery was 10 times that of the same beer brewed in Montreal, where there were no reported cases. The brewery ceased operations two days later.

Muhammad Ali (23-0) retained his world heavyweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Canadian champion George Chuvalo (34-12-2) at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto. On the undercard, Jimmy Ellis (18-5) won an 8-round decision over Hubert Hilton (13-4-2) in a heavyweight bout.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Beautiful Sunday--Daniel Boone (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Para Que No Me Olvides--Lorenzo Santamaría

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Vi åkbättre da för da--Swedish Alpine Ski Team

Toronto's top 30 (CFTR)
1 Money Honey--Bay City Rollers
2 Theme from S.W.A.T. (Part 1)--The T.H.P. Orchestra
3 All by Myself--Eric Carmen
4 Dream Weaver--Gary Wright
5 December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night)--The Four Seasons
6 Lonely Night (Angel Face)--Captain and Tennille
7 Love Hurts--Nazareth
8 Right Back Where We Started From--Maxine Nightingale
9 Golden Years--David Bowie
10 Love is the Drug--Roxy Music
11 Let Your Love Flow--Bellamy Brothers
12 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover--Paul Simon
13 Fanny (Be Tender with My Love)--Bee Gees
14 Dream On--Aerosmith
15 Paloma Blanca--George Baker Selection
16 Love to Love You Baby--Donna Summer
17 Crazy on You--Heart
18 Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen
19 Love Rollercoaster--Ohio Players
20 Grow Some Funk of Your Own/I Feel Like a Bullet (In the Gun of Robert Ford)--Elton John
21 Squeeze Box--The Who
22 Love Hurts--Jim Capaldi
23 Lazy Love--New City Jam Band
24 Only Sixteen--Dr. Hook
25 Action--Sweet
26 Boogie Fever--Sylvers
27 Give a Little Love--Ken Tobias
28 Show Me the Way--Peter Frampton
29 Sweet Love--Commodores
30 Lorelei--Styx
Top 10 Gold of the Week
1 Saturday Night--Bay City Rollers
2 Island Girl--Elton John
3 Love Machine (Part 1)--The Miracles
4 Hey Jude--The Beatles
5 That's the Way I Like It--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
6 The Way I Want to Touch You--Captain & Tennille
7 Jive Talkin'--Bee Gees
8 Over My Head--Fleetwood Mac
9 The Homecoming--Hagood Hardy
10 Convoy--C.W. McCall
Picks of the Week: Hold Up the Night--The Trammps
There's a Kind of Hush (All Over the World)--Carpenters
Linda Write Me a Letter--Choya
Shout it Out Loud--Kiss
Sweet Blindness--Sweet Blindness

This was CFTR's first weekly survey.

The Academy Awards for 1975 were presented at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest became the first film since It Happened One Night (1934) to win Oscars for Best Picture; Director (Milos Forman); Actor (Jack Nicholson); Actress (Louise Fletcher); and Screenplay (Bo Goldman and Laurence Hauben). Other winners included: Best Supporting Actor--George Burns (The Sunshine Boys) and Best Supporting Actress--Lee Grant (Shampoo). The Man Who Skied Down Everest, produced by Crawley Films, became the first Canadian feature film to win an Academy Award, winning for Best Documentary Feature.

Politics and government
Five days after a military coup overthrew the Argentine administration of President Isabel Peron, Army commander Lieutenant General Jorge Videla was sworn in as President. His cabinet included six military officers and two civilians.

Men's championship @ The Spectrum, Philadelphia
Indiana 86 Michigan 68

The Hoosiers, coached by Bobby Knight and led by led by Scott May, Kent Benson, Bobby Wilkerson and Quinn Buckner, defeated the Wolverines to complete the 1975-76 season with a record of 32-0.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Adesso Tu--Eros Ramazzotti (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): The Promise You Made--Cock Robin

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): The Promise You Made--Cock Robin (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Living Doll--Cliff Richard and the Young Ones

#1 single in the U.K.: Absolute Beginners--David Bowie

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rock Me Amadeus--Falco

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rock Me Amadeus--Falco
2 These Dreams--Heart
3 Secret Lovers-Atlantic Starr
4 R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A.--John Cougar Mellencamp
5 Kiss--Prince and the Revolution
6 What You Need--INXS
7 Sara--Starship
8 Kyrie--Mr. Mister
9 Nikita--Elton John
10 Sanctify Yourself--Simple Minds

Singles entering the chart were Greatest Love of All by Whitney Houston (#52); Is it Love by Mr. Mister (#57); Rough Boy by ZZ Top (#67); Never as Good as the First Time by Sade (#75); Absolute Beginners by David Bowie (#88); and A Good Heart by Feargal Sharkey (#89). Absolute Beginners was the title song of a movie that starred Mr. Bowie.

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Don’t Forget Me (When I’m Gone)--Glass Tiger
2 Sara--Starship
3 Nikita--Elton John
4 How Will I Know--Whitney Houston
5 Kyrie--Mr. Mister
6 These Dreams--Heart
7 A Good Heart--Feargal Sharkey
8 Silent Running--Mike + the Mechanics
9 Conga--Miami Sound Machine
10 Secret Lovers--Atlantic Starr

Singles entering the chart were Absolute Beginners by David Bowie (#73); Take Me Home by Phil Collins (#82); and What Have You Done for Me Lately by Janet Jackson (#92); Deeper by Billy Newton-Davis (#95); Your Love by the Outfield (#96); and Chain Reaction by Diana Ross (#97).

Died on this date
Harry Ritz, 78
. U.S. actor. Mr. Ritz, born Harold Joachim, was the youngest member of the Ritz Brothers comedy team, with brothers Al and Jimmy. The team appeared in a string of movies from 1936-1943, and concentrated on nightclub appearances for more than 20 years afterward.

An Italian court freed three Bulgarians and three Turks who had been charged with conspiring to assassinate Pope John Paul II in 1981. One of the Turks acquitted was Mehmet Ali Agca, who had fired the shots. Mr. Agca was the principal government witness in the conspiracy trial, but his erratic behaviour undermined his credibility. He was already in prison for the shooting and was convicted of complicity in smuggling the weapon he had used into Italy. In its ruling, the court did not find the accused innocent, but only that the evidence of their guilt was insufficient. The court did convict another Turk, Omer Bagci, of storing and delivering the weapon, but no sentence could be imposed because he had been extradited from Switzerland only on the conspiracy charge.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C+C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lee Atwater, 40
. U.S. political adviser. Mr. Atwater was a political strategist with the Republican Party who was known for his exploitation of emotional wedge issues in election campaigns, and was often effective. He was best known for managing the 1988 U.S. presidential campaign of then-Vice President George Bush, and using advertisements to portray Democratic Party candidate Michael Dukakis as soft on crime. The campaign was successful, and Mr. Atwater was named chairman of the Republican National Committee in 1989. He collapsed at a breakfast on March 5, 1990, and was diagnosed with a brain tumour. During his last months, Mr. Atwater converted to Roman Catholicism and apologized to people who had been hurt by his actions.

Politics and government
British Columbia Premier Bill Vander Zalm said he would step down when his Social Credit party chose a new leader; he was being investigated for improper real estate dealings relating to the sale of his family's Fantasy Gardens to a Taiwanese billionaire.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had increased 1.1% in February, ending a six-month decline.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Children--Robert Miles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): California Love--2Pac featuring Dr. Dre

Died on this date
Bill Goldsworthy, 51
. Canadian-born U.S. hockey player. Mr. Goldsworthy played right wing with the Boston Bruins (1964-67); Minnesota North Stars (1967-76); New York Rangers (1976-77); Indianapolis Racers (1977-78); and Edmonton Oilers (1978-79), scoring 541 points on 283 goals and 258 assists in 771 regular season NHL games and 37 points on 18 goals and 19 assists in 40 playoff games, and 12 goals and 12 assists in 49 regular season WHA games and 1 goal and 1 assist in 2 playoff games. Mr. Goldsworthy played for Team Canada in the 1972 series vs. the U.S.S.R. scoring a goal and an assist in 3 games. His best season was 1973-74, when he scored 48 goals and 26 assists, and was known for the "Goldy shuffle" dance after scoring. Heavy drinking contributed to a decline in his hockey abilities, and combined with sexual promiscuity to lead to his death from AIDS.

Politics and government
Leaders of Sierra Leone's military government transferred power to a democratically-elected government led by President Alhaji Ahmad Tejan Kabba of the People's Party, following a runoff election in March and a cease-fire between the forces of then-President Julius Maada Bio and anti-government rebels.

Utah 105 @ Vancouver 91

The Grizzlies set a National Basketball Association record with their 21st consecutive loss, falling to the Jazz at Pacific Coliseum.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Robert Costall
. Canadian soldier. Private Costall was kill and three other soldiers wounded in battle with Taliban forces in the Sangin district of Helmand province, 110 kilometres from Kandahar, Afghanistan

Politics and government
The terrorist organization Hamas formally took over the Palestinian government.

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