Friday, 11 March 2016

March 10, 2016

625 years ago
1391


Died on this date
Tvrtko I, 53 (?)
. King of Bosnia, 1377-1391; King of Serbs, 1377-1391; King of Croatia and Dalmatia, 1390-1391. Tvrtko I succeeded his father Stephen II as Ban of Bosnia in 1353, and became the first King of Bosnia in 1377. During his reign, Bosnia reached its peak and became the strongest power in the Balkans. Tvrtko I died unexpectedly, leaving no legitimate children. He was succeeded by his half-brother Dabiša.

140 years ago
1876


Communications
Alexander Graham Bell made his first telephone call in Boston, saying "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you."

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Sam Jaffe
. U.S. actor. Mr. Jaffe was a character actor in movies such as Lost Horizon (1937); Gunga Din (1939); The Asphalt Jungle (1950)--for which he was nominated for an Academy Award; and The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951). He was blacklisted by Hollywood in the 1950s because of alleged Communist sympathies, but made a comeback with a supporting performance in Ben-Hur (1959). Mr. Jaffe was perhaps best known for playing the character Dr. David Zorba in the television series Ben Casey (1961-1965). He died on March 24, 1984 at the age of 93.

Technology
Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patented the Strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.

110 years ago
1906


Disasters
The Courrières mine disaster, Europe's worst ever, killed 1,099 miners in northern France.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Davie Fulton
. Canadian politician. Mr. Fulton, a Progressive Conservative, represented Kamloops in the House of Commons from 1945-1963 and 1965-1968. He was Minister of Justice in the government of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker from 1957-1962 and Minister of Public Works from 1962-1963. Mr. Fulton left federal politics to take the leadership of the British Columbia Progressive Conservative Party, but he failed to achieve electoral success, and returned to federal politics. Mr. Fulton was a justice on the Supreme Court of British Columbia from 1973-1981, and a commissioner with the International Joint Commission from 1986-1992. He died on May 22, 2000 at the age of 84.

75 years ago
1941


Defense
W. Averell Harriman, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's personal representative to U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, left New York for London to expedite material aid for Britain under the Lend-Lease program.

Diplomacy
The U. S. Senate passed a resolution declaring that the United States would not recognize the transfer of any territory in the Western Hemisphere from one non-American power to another.

Politics and government
Former Lithuanian President Antanas Smetona arrived in New York, declaring that he was still the legal head of his country because he had never authorized the U.S.S.R.'s annexation of Lithuania in June 1940.

Economics and finance
French Vice President François Darlan threatened to use the fleet to convoy food ships "so that France can eat."

Labour
U.S. Acting Commissioner of Works Projects Howard O. Hunter authorized a 48-hour work week on Works Progress Administration-certified defense projects affecting about 200,000 workers.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Karl Haushofer, 76
. German military officer and political adviser. Professor Haushofer was an adviser to German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler and Mr. Hitler's secretary Rudolf Hess, and the originator of the term Lebensraum to describe German expansionist ambitions. Professor Haushofer's son Albrecht was executed by the SS in 1945 for participating in the July 20, 1944 assassination plot against Mr. Hitler. Mr. Haushofer and his wife committed suicide in Frankfurt.

Politics and government
The Japanese government barred from public life all writers, artists, publishers, and editors who had promoted military aggression; all businessmen who had helped finance it; and all diplomats who had had anything to do with the Axis pact.

Economics and finance
U.S. Stabilization Director Chester Bowles presented a "blueprint" to clarify government policy, stating that wage increases would be based on area and industrial patterns.

Labour
A 24-hour strike of municipal workers in Kingston, Jamaica was reported over.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Sixteen Tons--"Tennessee" Ernie Ford; Frankie Laine (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Eventuell, eventuell--Peter Alexander & Caterina Valente (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Memories are Made of This--Dean Martin (2nd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Lisbon Antigua--Nelson Riddle and his Orchestra (Best Seller--3rd week at #1); Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1; Jukebox--2nd week at #1; Top 100--2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Lisbon Antigua--Nelson Riddle and his Orchestra
2 Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr
3 No, Not Much!--The Four Lads
4 The Great Pretender--The Platters
5 The Poor People of Paris--Les Baxter, his Chorus and Orchestra
6 See You Later, Alligator--Bill Haley and his Comets
7 Memories are Made of This--Dean Martin
8 I'll Be Home--Pat Boone
--The Flamingos
9 Why Do Fools Fall in Love--The Teenagers
--Gale Storm
--The Diamonds
10 Moritat (A Theme from “The Three Penny Opera”)--Dick Hyman Trio
--Richard Hayman and Jan August

Singles entering the chart were the version of Why Do Fools Fall in Love by the Diamonds; Heartbreak Hotel (#26)/I Was the One (#43) by Elvis Presley; Blue Suede Shoes by Carl Perkins (#28); and Juke Box Baby (#31)/Hot Diggity (Dog Ziggity Boom) (#34) by Perry Como. Heartbreak Hotel/I Was the One was the first charted single by Elvis Presley.

On television tonight
The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Please Leave the Premises



Protest
Greek Cypriots demonstrated and struck after British authorities arrested and deported their leader, Archbishop Makarios, to the Seychelle Islands.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): These Boots are Made for Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra (4th week at #1)

Married on this date
Crown Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands and Claus von Amsberg
, a German commoner, were married in West Church of Amsterdam. The former West German diplomat became Prince Claus of the Netherlands.

Died on this date
Frits Zernike, 77
. Dutch physicist. Dr. Zernike was awarded the 1953 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his demonstration of the phase contrast method, especially for his invention of the phase contrast microscope," an instrument that permits the study of internal cell structure without the need to stain and thus kill the cells.

Politics and government
Military Prime Minister of South Vietnam Nguyễn Cao Kỳ sacked rival General Nguyễn Chánh Thi, precipitating large-scale civil and military dissension in parts of the nation.

40 years ago
1976


Politics and government
Regular sittings of the Ontario Provincial Parliament at Queen's Park in Toronto were first broadcast on radio and television.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ray Milland, 79
. U.K.-born U.S. actor. Mr. Milland, born Alfred Reginald Jones, won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his starring performance in The Lost Weekend (1945). His other movies included The Uninvited (1944); Ministry of Fear (1944); Dial M for Murder (1954); and Love Story (1970).

Literature
Canadian Communications Minister Marcel Masse announced the creation of a Public Lending Right program under the administration of the Canada Council, to compensate writers for the use of their books in public libraries.

Boxing
Marvelous Marvin Hagler (62-2-2)retained his WBC, WBA, and IBF world middleweight title with a knockout of John Mugabi (25-1) at 1:29 of the 11th round at Caesar’s Palace in Las Vegas. On the undercard, Thomas Hearns (41-2), who had suffered his only career loss so far to Mr. Hagler by a technical knockout in the 3rd round 11 months earlier, won the North American Boxing Federation middleweight title when he knocked out defending champion James Shuler (22-1) just 1:13 into the 1st round. Mr. Shuler, 27, was killed in a motorcycle accident just a week later.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Crazy--Seal

World events
Moscow Mayor Gavril Popov urged citizens not to support the treaty to preserve the Soviet Union.

Protest
Thousands of Russian President Boris Yeltsin's supporters demonstrated in Moscow and other cities.

War
All 21 former U.S. Gulf War prisoners of war arrived at Andrews Air Force base in Maryland.

Politics and government
Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa address the Quebec Liberal Party convention, playing down aspects of the party’s platform that seemed to emphasis Quebec sovereignty, and defending the party’s traditional support for federalism.

Curling
Kevin Martin’s Alberta rink defeated Saskatchewan (Randy Woytowich) 8-4 in the final to win the Labatt Brier at Copps Coliseum in Hamilton. It was the first Canadian championship for Mr. Martin.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Wonderwall--Oasis

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Children--Robert Miles (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Ross Hunter, 69
. U.S. movie producer. Mr. Hunter, born Martin Terry Fuss, was known for producing movies such as Magnificent Obsession (1954); All That Heaven Allows (1955); Tammy and the Bachelor (1957); Imitation of Life (1959); Pillow Talk (1959); and Airport (1970).

Track and field
NCAA
The University of Arkansas' record run of 12 straight NCAA indoor track championships ended when coach John McDonnell's squad lost to George Mason University at Indianapolis.

Curling
The Manitoba rink, skipped by Jeff Stoughton, stole a point in the 11th end to defeat Kevin Martin's Alberta rink 8-7 in the final of the Labbatt Brier at Riverside Coliseum in Kamloops, British Columbia.

Hockey
CIS Men's Final
Acadia 3 Waterloo 2

10 years ago
2006


Space
The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrived at Mars.

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