Monday, 30 March 2015

March 30, 2015

1,650 years ago

Died on this date
Ai, 23 or 24
. Emperor of China (Jin). Ai, born Sima Pi succeeded his cousin Mu as Emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Emperor Ai was reportedly obsessed with immortality, and ironically, died several months after consuming poisoned pills that had been given him by magicians.

200 years ago

World events
King of Naples Joachim Murat issued the Rimini Proclamation, calling on Italians to revolt against their Austrian occupiers.

175 years ago

Died on this date
Beau Brummell, 61
. U.K. dandy. George Bryan Brummell was the most famous arbiter of men's fashions in his day, and was a close friend of the future King George IV until the permanent breach of their friendship in 1811. He fled to France in 1816 to avoid debtors' prison, and died penniless and insane from syphilis in an asylum in Caen.

160 years ago

Politics and government
"Border Ruffians"--pro-slavery activists from Missouri--invaded Kansas and forced election of a pro-slavery legislature.

130 years ago

Stratford, Ontario was incorporated as a city.

A farmer and farm instructor near Battleford, Northwest Territories were killed as Cree chief Poundmaker [Pitikwahanapiwiyin] attacked and surrounded Battleford with 200 warriors. Local settlers were forced to seek shelter in North West Mounted Police barracks for a month.

The Battle for Kushka between Russian and Afghan forces triggered the Panjdeh Incident, which nearly gave rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Rudolf Steiner, 64
. Austrian philosopher. Mr. Steiner was the founder of anthroposophy, which postulates the existence of an objective, intellectually comprehensible spiritual world accessible to direct experience through inner development, especially aiming to develop faculties of perceptive imagination, inspiration and intuition through the cultivation of a form of thinking independent of sensory experience.

Stanley Cup
Montreal Canadiens (NHL) 1 @ Victoria Cougars (WCHL) 6 (Victoria won best-of-five series 3-1)

Gizzy Hart scored the winning goal as the Cougars defeated the defending champion Canadiens at Patrick Arena for their only Stanley Cup championship, and the only one for a team from the Western Canada Hockey League.

75 years ago

U.K. First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill, in a radio broadcast, warned that neutral nations' rights may be violated by Britain in an effort to halt aid to her enemies in the European war.

Politics and government
Japan declared Nanking capital of a new Chinese puppet government, nominally controlled by Wang Ching-wei.

U.S. Senator Edwin Johnson (Democrat--Colorado) said that President Franklin D. Roosevelt's silence on whether he would run in 1940 for a third term had hurt other possible Democratic Party candidates and was leading the party into confusion.

The Japanese Army reported that the U.S.S.R. was building a new railroad from the Outer Mongolian capital of Ulan Bator toward the border of Manchukuo (Manchuria).

The United States War Department notified 175 airplane manufacturers that they could defer current military building provided they could guarantee superior aircraft at a later date.

U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull announced that the United States would not recognize the Japanese-sponsored goverment based in Nanking led by Wang Ching-wei.

The Physics department at the University of Toronto revealed the world's most powerful microscope which formed its images with electrons, not light.

The University of Michigan defeated Yale University to win the national championship in New Haven, Connecticut.

Indiana University defeated Kansas State University 60-42 in Kansas City to win the national men's championship.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Béla Balogh, 60
. Hungarian movie director. Mr. Balogh was one of Hungary's most prominent film directors in the first half of the 20th century. He directed 67 movies, 50 of them silent.

Soviet forces invaded Austria north of Koeszeg. Polish and Soviet forces liberated Danzig and hoisted a Polish flag, thus supporting Poland's claim to the formerly international city. U.S. troops entered Paderborn. U.S. forces in the Philippines landed on Cauit and Mactan Islands, less than a mile from Cebu. American troops occupied Bacolod, the capital of Negros Island.

The U.S. State Department announced that to date, 37 nations had accepted invitations to the San Francisco Conference to found the United Nations.

Yugoslavian dictator Marshal Josip Tito announced recognition and establishment of diplomatic relations with the U.S.S.R.-backed provisional government of Poland.

Politics and government
The Political Association of Great Japan was inaugurated in an effort to unify the country for a defense against an anticipated invasion.

Montgomery Ward & Company refused to pay a bill for $350,966 presented by the United States Army to cover merchandise the company had received when the Army had taken control of its properties in December 1944.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Harl McDonald, 55
. U.S. composer. Mr. McDonald wrote four symphonies, in addition to choral music.

The Academy Awards for 1954 were presented in two locations: the RKO Pantages Theatre in Hollywood, California and the NBC Century Theatre in New York City. Awards for On the Waterfront included: Best Picture; Best Director (Elia Kazan); Best Actor (Marlon Brando); and Best Supporting Actress (Eva Marie Saint). Other awards included: Best Actress--Grace Kelly (The Country Girl); Best Supporting Actor--Edmond O'Brien (The Barefoot Contessa); and Best Foreign Language Film (Jigokumon (Gate of Hell)).

50 years ago

On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Runner in the Dark, with guest stars Ed Begley and Richard Anderson

Died on this date
Philip Showalter Hench, 69
. U.S. physician. Dr. Hench was the head of the Department of Rheumatic Diseases at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. He shared the 1950 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology with Mayo Clinic colleague Calvin Kendall and Swiss chemist Tadeus Reichstein "for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects." In particular, they won for the discovery of the hormone cortisone. Dr. Hench died of pneumonia while on vacation in Jamaica.

The Beach Boys were at Western Recording Studios in Hollywood, California, where they recorded the songs Salt Lake City and Let Him Run Wild, which subsequently appeared on the album Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!). They also recorded an alternate version of Let Him Run Wild, which was released in 1990 on the compact disc "twofer" The Beach Boys Today!/Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!).

A car bomb exploded in front of the United States Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.

40 years ago

Heavy winds swept through Vancouver and the lower mainland of British Columbia, killing seven people and causing enough damage to merit mention on national newscasts. This blogger was in Vancouver at the time and slept through it all.

Toronto 5 @ Buffalo 4
Montreal 2 @ Boston 2
Kansas City 2 @ New York Rangers 8
Detroit 8 @ Washington 5

George Ferguson scored 2 goals and Ron Ellis, Borje Salming, and Inge Hammarstrom also scored as the Maple Leafs edged the Sabres before 15,863 fans at War Memorial Auditorium.

Jacques Lemaire scored his 34th goal of the season and Guy Lafleur added his 51st in the 3rd period as the Canadiens tied the Bruins before 15,003 fans at Boston Garden. Phil Esposito scored his 59th goal of the season for the Bruins in the 1st period and Bobby Orr added his 44th in the 3rd period.

Steve Vickers scored 4 goals, including 3 straight in the 3rd period, and Derek Sanderson added 2 as the Rangers routed the Scouts before 17,500 fans at Madison Square Garden.

Bill Hogaboam scored 2 goals in a 12-second span in the 3rd period and Marcel Dionne scored his 45th and 46th goals of the season as the Red Wings came back from a 5-2 deficit to defeat the Capitals before 10,509 fans at the Capital Centre in Landover, Maryland.

Phoenix 5 @ Quebec 6 (OT)
Chicago 6 @ Cleveland 7
Baltimore 3 @ Vancouver 4

Rene Leclerc's disputed goal at 3:34 of overtime gave the Nordiques their win over the Roadrunners before 8,000 fans at Le Colisee. The Roadrunners contended that the puck hadn't crossed the goal line, but referee Bob Sloan ruled otherwise.

Richie Leduc, Gary Jarrett, and Steve Cardwell each scored 2 goals as the Crusaders edged the Cougars before 4,381 fans at Richfield Coliseum in Richfield, Ohio.

Larry Israelson and Rob Walton scored in the 3rd period to give the Blazers their win over the Blades before 7,204 fans at Pacific Coliseum, ending Vancouver's 7-game losing streak.

Atlanta 105 @ New Orleans 108
Chicago 82 @ Washington 94
Portland 88 @ Seattle 98

Otto Moore made two crucial blocked shots and scored a late field goal to help the Jazz edge the Hawks before 5,422 fans in New Orleans.

Elvin Hayes scored 37 points to lead the Bullets over the Bulls before 10,149 fans at the Capital Centre in Landover, Maryland.

Spencer Haywood scored 40 points to lead the SuperSonics over the Trail Blazers before 14,082 fans at Seattle Center Coliseum, clinching Seattle's first playoff spot ever.

San Antonio 104 @ New York 130
San Diego 112 @ St. Louis 116

Julius Erving scored 40 points to lead the Nets over the Spurs before 6,645 fans at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale. George Gervin led San Antonio with 25 points.

Freddie Lewis scored 29 points and Marvin Barnes added 27 as the Spirits held on to defeat the Conquistadors before 2,046 fans at St. Louis Arena and eliminate San Diego from playoff contention.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Una Storia Importante--Eros Ramazzotti (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): You're My Heart, You're My Soul--Modern Talking (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nightshift--Commodores

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Show Some Concern--The Concerned

#1 single in the U.K.: Easy Lover--Philip Bailey (with Phil Collins) (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One More Night--Phil Collins

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Material Girl--Madonna
2 One More Night--Phil Collins
3 Can't Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon
4 The Heat is On--Glenn Frey
5 Lovergirl--Teena Marie
6 We are the World--USA for Africa
7 Too Late for Goodbyes--Julian Lennon
8 Private Dancer--Tina Turner
9 Somebody--Bryan Adams
10 Just Another Night--Mick Jagger

Singles entering the chart were One Lonely Night by REO Speedwagon (#65); Walking on Sunshine by Katrina and the Waves (#74); Can't Stop by Rick James (#77); Axel F by Harold Faltermeyer (#80); Lonely in Love by Giuffria (#81); Lost in Love by New Edition (#83); Will the Wolf Survive? by Los Lobos (#88); Be Your Man by Jesse Johnson's Revue (#89); and Back in Stride by Maze featuring Frankie Beverly (#90). Axel F was from the movie Beverly Hills Cop (1984).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Shout--Tears for Fears
2 One More Night--Phil Collins
3 Can't Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon
4 I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner
5 Material Girl--Madonna
6 Neutron Dance--Pointer Sisters
7 Careless Whisper--Wham! featuring George Michael
8 Too Late for Goodbyes--Julian Lennon
9 Solid--Ashford & Simpson
10 Jungle Love--The Time

Singles entering the chart were Some Things are Better Left Unsaid by Daryl Hall John Oates (#85); We are the World by USA for Africa (#88); Why by Bronski Beat (#92); and The Riddle by Nik Kershaw (#98).

Died on this date
Harold Peary, 76
. U.S. actor. Mr. Peary, born José Pereira de Faria, was known for playing the character Throckmorton P. Gildersleeve in the radio comedy series Fibber McGee & Molly (1939-1941) and later in its spinoff series The Great Gildersleeve (1941-1950).

Boston 3 @ Montreal 7
Detroit 9 @ Toronto 3

Men’s world championship
Canada (Al Hackner) 9 U.S.A. 4

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Harry Bridges, 88
. Australian-born U.S. labour leader. Mr. Bridges was a merchant seaman in Australia before moving to the United States in 1922. He became leader of the International Longshoremen's Association (ILA), and in 1937 he led several chapters in forming a new union, the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU), which he led for the next 40 years. In the 1990s it was revealed that Mr. Bridges had been a member of the Communist party USA in the 1930s. The United States government regarded Mr. Bridges as subversive and made several unsuccessful attempts to deport him. Mr. Bridges became a naturalized American citizen in 1945 after lying about his Communist Party membership.

Soviet troops seized the state prosecutor’s office in the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius, as well as the printing press of a pro-independence newspaper.

World events
Estonia’s parliament proclaimed that the country was occupied, and that it was entering a "transitional period" that would lead to independence.

Idaho Governor Cecil Andrus vetoed a bill that would have banned most abortions in the state. Under the bill’s provisions, an abortion in the case of rape would have been allowed only if the rape were reported within seven days, and abortion in the case of incest would be allowed only if the victim were under 18. Gov. Andrus complained that pro-life activists had designed the bill "for the sole purpose of getting this issue back before the Supreme Court." Gov. Andrus said that he had not been influenced by threats by abortion-rights groups to boycott Idaho potatoes.

Riot police in Quebec City broke up a demonstration by 2,000 marchers against university tuition fee increases. Students also occupied the Montreal Stock Exchange. Over 250 were arrested.

Calgary 6 Edmonton 2

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Everytime You Touch Me--Moby

The Chechen city of Gudermes fell to Russian forces.

U.S. federal District Court Judge Eugene Nickerson ruled in New York that the U.S. government's policy of permitting sodomites and lesbians to serve in the military if they remained discreet about their sexual orientation, but could be discharged if they did not, violated the constitutional protection of free speech and equal rights for all. The Defense Department asked the Justice Department to appeal the ruling.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 4,172.56, a record high.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Don Rose, 70
. U.S. disc jockey. "Dr." Don Rose, born Donald Rosenberg, achieved popularity as a morning man at WQXI in Atlanta, WFIL in Philadelphia, and finally at KFRC in San Francisco, where he worked from 1973-1986. The Cruisin' albums, a series of records replicating the early years of rock and roll radio released in the early 1970s, included "Dr." Don with WQXI as its entry for 1967.

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