Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Gloria Maria Bello Arteaga!
260 years ago
Robert Monckton led 2,000 British troops in the capture of Fort Beauséjour on the Isthmus of Chignecto from Louis Du Pont Duchambon de Vergor. Fort Gaspereau, the last French fort in Acadia, surrendered the next day, giving the British full control of what is now New Brunswick, and leading to the expulsion of the area's Acadian population.
220 years ago
In a naval battle off the west coast of Brittany, British Royal Navy commander Vice-Admiral William Cornwallis, whose forces were heavily outnumbered, attempted a retreat in order to escape French forces commanded by Admiral Villaret de Joyeuse.
200 years ago
French forces commanded by Emperor Napoleon I defeated Prussian forces commanded by Field Marshal Gebhard von Blücher in the Battle of Ligny in Belgium; it was Napoleon's last victory. Meanwhile, Seventh Coalition forces commanded by the Duke of Wellington won a tactical victory over French forces commanded by Marshal Michel Ney in the Battle of Quatre Bras, but were prevented from coming to the aid of the Prussians at Ligny.
130 years ago
American Association umpire Jack Valentine officially resigned because certain managers had tried to influence him before games to have calls made in their favour.
125 years ago
Born on this date
Stan Laurel. U.K.-born U.S. comic actor. Mr. Laurel, born Arthur Stanley Jefferson, moved from England to the United States and worked in silent films for a number of years before producer Hal Roach teamed him up with Oliver Hardy. They made dozens of silent and sound comedy short and feature films, the best of which include Big Business (1929); Sons of the Desert (1933); and Way Out West (1937). They left the Roach studio after 1940, and the quality of their movies declined when they no longer were able to exercise any creative control. Laurel and Hardy made several mediocre and forgettable movies in Hollywood from 1941-1945, and a final film, Utopia (1950), for a French studio. The duo made a tour of English music halls in 1954 that was very well received, and they drew huge crowds wherever they went. Mr. Hardy died on August 7, 1957 at the age of 65 after a series of strokes. Mr. Laurel lived in a modest apartment in Santa Monica, California; he kept his number listed in the phone book in case any fans might want to pay him a visit. He died on February 23, 1965 at the age of 74.
110 years ago
Politics and government
The Liberal Democratic League increased its plurality in the Netherlands House of Representatives, winning 34 seats in the Dutch general election, an increase of 8 from before the election. The General League of Roman Catholic Caucuses remained at 25 seats, but moved ahead of the Anti-Revolutionary Party, which dropped from 22 to 15 seats. The Free-thinking Democratic League won 11 seats--an increase of 2, followed by the Christian Historicals with 8--a decrease of 2, and the Social Democratic Workers' Party, who remained with 7 seats in the 100-seat House.
90 years ago
Died on this date
Emmett Hardy, 22. U.S. musician. Mr. Hardy played cornet with the New Orleans Rhythm Kings in the early 1920s. He died of tuberculosis four days after his 22nd birthday.
80 years ago
The Washington Nationals and St. Louis Browns split a doubleheader before 2,500 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The Nationals won the first game 17-8, and the Browns took the second game 10-9. Washington outfielder John Stone had 2 triples, 2 doubles, and 4 singles in the 2 games, and scored 5 runs in the first game.
75 years ago
Italian planes bombed British air bases at Salum and Sidi Barrani, Egypt. Japanese bombers inflicted heavy damage on Chungking.
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill offered France a declaration of permanent union with the United Kingdom; when the French cabinet showed no interest in the idea, Prime Minister Paul Reynaud resigned, and Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain became Chief of State (Chef de l'État Français). A message arrived from U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ending Mr. Reynaud's hopes for American intervention into the war.
Politics and government
A Communist government was installed in Lithuania.
Communist and Fascist parties were declared illegal in Australia.
The U.S. Republican National Convention opened in Philadelphia.
The U.S.S.R. demanded that the Baltic states of Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania place themselves under Soviet military protection.
U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes established a defense resources commission within the Interior Department.
Track and field
Bill Watson amassed 7,523 points to win the American decathlon championship in Cleveland.
The Cincinnati Reds managed just 2 hits against Whit Wyatt, but one of them was a home run, and that was enough as the Reds beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 1-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 30,005 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. In the 9th inning, Lonnie Frey’s line drive hit the top of the right field wall, bounced straight up, and settled on a ledge on top of the wall next to the scoreboard for a home run. In the second game, Jim Turner pitched an 8-hit complete game and added a single and double with a run batted in as the Reds won 5-2 to complete the sweep. Losing pitcher Curt Davis allowed 9 hits and 5 runs--4 earned--in 8 innings to drop to 0-5 for the season.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sentimental Journey--Les Brown and his Band of Renown (4th week at #1)
The British Air Ministry said that the Royal Air Force had lost 16,385 planes in the European and Mediterranean theatres through May 8, 1945.
U.S. Army General George Marshall, U.S. Navy Fleet Admiral Ernest King, and U.S. Navy Secretary James Forrestal told the House of Representatives Committee on Postwar Military Policy that universal military training in peacetime should be implemented.
Politics and government
The Haitian government of President Élie Lescot established censorship in all internal communications "for reasons of a political nature."
U.S. President Harry Truman named Luther Evans as Librarian of Congress.
Because of the urgent health problems resulting from World War II, the U.S. delegation at the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco pushed for immediate establishment of an international health organization.
More than 6,000 truck drivers in Chicago ignored U.S. government orders and went on strike.
60 years ago
In a futile effort to topple President Juan Perón, 30 planes flown by rogue pilots of the Argentine Navy and Air Force dropped several bombs upon an unarmed crowd demonstrating in favor of Mr. Perón in Buenos Aires, killing 364 and injuring at least 800. At the same time on the ground, some soldiers attempted to stage a coup, but were suppressed by loyal forces.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): January--Pilot (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Cyclamen no Kaori--Akira Fuse (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): You're The First, The Last, My Everything--Barry White (2nd week at #1)
Died on this date
Clint Courtney, 48. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Courtney, nicknamed "Scrap Iron," was a catcher with the New York Yankees (1951); St. Louis Browns/Baltimore Orioles (1952-1954, 1960, 1961); Chicago White Sox (1955); Washington Nationals/Senators (1956-1959); and Kansas City Athletics (1961), batting .268 with 38 home runs and 313 runs batted in in 946 games. He was in his third season as manager of the Richmond Braves of the AAA International League when he suffered a fatal heart attack while talking with infielder Alan Gallagher at the team's motel in Rochester, New York, where the Braves were to begin a series that night.
Politics and government
Two days of voting in regional elections in Italy concluded with gains by Communists, who captured 33.4% of the vote, compared to 35.3% for the Christian Democrats.
During Question Period in the Canadian House of Commons, MP Tom Cossitt (Progressive Conservative--Leeds) asked about whether a certain producer with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation was being recruited by the Soviet secret police force KGB. The producer was Mark Starowicz, who went on to a long and successful career with CBC.
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that lawyers who set uniform minimum fees violated antitrust laws.
The Cleveland Indians assigned shortstop Rob Belloir from the San Antonio Brewers of the AA Texas League to the Richmond Braves of the AAA International League as the player to be named later in the June 7 trade in which the Indians had traded pitcher Blue Moon Odom to the Atlanta Braves for pitcher Roric Harrison. Mr. Belloir was batting .217 with 1 home run and 27 runs batted in in 58 games with San Antonio in 1975.
Lee May hit a 3-run home run and added a single and double as the Baltimore Orioles beat the Cleveland Indians 8-3 before 9,371 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Brooks Robinson also hit a 3-run homer for the Orioles. Jim Palmer started on the mound for Baltimore and allowed 9 hits and 3 earned runs in 6 2/3 innings in improving his 1975 record to 11-3. Grant Jackson pitched the final 2 1/3 innings to get the first save by a Baltimore pitcher in 1975.
The New York Yankees scored 5 runs in each of the 2nd and 6th innings as they defeated the Milwaukee Brewers 10-7 before 10,901 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Leadoff hitter Kerry Dineen, playing his third major league game, batted 3 for 4 with a double, run, and run batted in for the Yankees, while Ron Blomberg was 3 for 5 with 2 doubles, a run, and 3 RBIs. Gorman Thomas hit a grand slam for Milwaukee in the 4th inning.
The Boston Red Sox scored 4 runs in the top of the 12th inning to defeat the Detroit Tigers 6-2 before 17,074 fans at Tiger Stadium. Rookie Jim Burton started on the mound for Boston and allowed just 6 hits and 2 earned runs in 9 1/3 innings, while Detroit starter Mickey Lolich allowed 9 hits and 1 earned run in 9 innings.
Larry Hisle hit a 2-run home run in the 1st inning and singled home Tom Kelly with none out in the bottom of the 9th inning to climax a 3-run rally as the Minnesota Twins edged the Oakland Athletics 7-6 before 11,058 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington.
Andre Thornton, Manny Trillo, Jerry Morales, and Tim Hosley hit home runs for the Chicago Cubs as they came back from a 5-1 deficit and outlasted the Philadelphia Phillies 9-7 before 9,353 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.
Rich Folkers pitched a 10-hit complete game victory and singled in 2 runs as the San Diego Padres scored 6 runs in the 6th inning on their way to a 7-1 win over the San Francisco Giants before 1,851 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
Willie Stargell hit a 2-run home run in the 1st inning and Rennie Stennett added a 3-run homer in the 2nd as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the St. Louis Cardinals 10-4 before 13,003 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. The home runs were hit off Ron Bryant, who lasted just 1+ innings in his first start since being acquired from the San Francisco Giants several weeks earlier. Bob Gibson pitched the 3rd through 6th innings for the Cardinals in his first relief appearance after 303 consecutive starts; he allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs, including a home run by Al Oliver. Ryan Kurosaki pitched 1 2/3 innings of relief for St.Louis, allowing 5 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in his 7th and last major league game. Bruce Kison started for Pittsburgh and pitched 7 1/3 innings, allowing 6 hits and 4 earned runs as he improved his record for 1975 to 7-2; he also batted 1 for 2 with 2 runs and 2 sacrifices.
The Charleston Charlies of the International League released righthanded relief pitcher Daryl Patterson, the day after he had broken a bone in his pitching hand when he slapped it against the clubhouse wall after accidentally touching a hot coffee urn. Mr. Patterson, who had pitched in 142 games with four major league teams from 1968-1971 and 1974 and was a member of the Detroit Tigers' World Series championship team of 1968, was 0-0 with an earned run average of 6.00 in 10 games with Charleston in 1975.
The Memphis Blues of the International League signed relief pitcher Ron Diorio. Mr. Diorio had been with the Philadelphia Phillies' organization from 1969-1974, playing in 25 games with Philadelphia in 1973 and '74, but was released in April 1975. He joined the Puebla Pericos of the Mexican League, posting a 5-0 record with 4 saves and a 3.00 earned run average in 17 games before being released as a money-saving move. He then worked out with the Waterbury Dodgers of the AA Eastern League before signing with Memphis.
Paul Mitchell pitched a 5-hit shutout for the Rochester Red Wings as they edged the Richmond Braves 1-0 in an International League game at Silver Stadium in Rochester. The Braves were playing with heavy hearts after the death of manager Clint Courtney from a heart attack early in the day. Veteran infielder Alan Gallagher, who had been talking with Mr. Courtney at the time of his fatal heart attack, assumed the managerial duties until the arrival of special assignment coach Bob Lemon to take the position permanently. The Richmond players voted unanimously to play that night's game, and hung Mr. Courtney's uniform jersey in their dugout.
The Omaha Royals scored 10 runs in the top of the 9th inning as they beat the Iowa Oaks 12-3 in an American Association game in Des Moines. The Royals sent 15 batters to the plate in the inning, and made 8 hits, while the Oaks made an error that produced a run, and five Iowa pitchers combined to issue three bases on balls and hit a batter. Keith Marshall, Rockne Craig, and Steve Staggs each made 2 hits in the inning, with Messrs. Marshall and Staggs doubling in their second at bats.
30 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): That Ole Devil Called Love--Alison Moyet
#1 single in France (SNEP): Éthiopie--Chanteurs sans Frontières (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: 19--Paul Hardcastle
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Sayonara Jinrui--Tama
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un' Estate Italiana--Edoardo Bennato; Gianna Nannini (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Power--Snap!
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): What's a Woman?--Vaya con Dios (4th week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Bo le lavabo (WC Kiss)--Lagaf'
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: World in Motion--England New Order (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
2 Poison--Bell Biv DeVoe
4 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
5 U Can’t Touch This--M.C. Hammer
6 Step By Step--New Kids on the Block
7 All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart
8 Alright--Janet Jackson
9 Ready Or Not--After 7
10 Ooh La La (I Can’t Get Over You)--Perfect Gentlemen
Singles entering the chart were My Kinda Girl by Babyface (#65); Follow My Heartbeat by A’me Lorain (#70); What are You Doing with a Fool Like Me by Joe Cocker (#74); Rise to It by Kiss (#85); Let Me Be Your Lover by U-Krew (#89); and Take it to Heart by Michael McDonald (#93).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
2 All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You--Heart
3 Hold On--Wilson Phillips
4 Nothing Compares to U--Sinead O’Connor
5 It Must Have Been Love--Roxette
6 Alright--Janet Jackson
7 Do You Remember?--Phil Collins
8 This Old Heart of Mine--Rod Stewart with Ronald Isley
9 Baby It's Tonight--Jude Cole
10 Children of the Night--Richard Marx
Singles entering the chart were The Emperor's New Clothes by Sinead O'Connor (#59); Every Little Thing by Jeff Lynne (#66); Notice Me by Nikki (#69); Way Down Now by World Party (#79); Joey by Concrete Blonde (#86); Welcome to the Real World by Jane Child (#87); I Will Give You Everything by Skydiggers (#90); Pretty Pink Rose by Adrian Belew with David Bowie (#91); What are You Doing with a Fool Like Me by Joe Cocker (#94); and Driving by Everything But the Girl (#95).
Politics and government
The leader of the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs, representing the province’s 60,000 Indians, said that the chiefs were determined to block the Meech Lake Canadian constitutional accord until it expired on the June 23 deadline.
Former world heavyweight champion Mike Tyson (38-1) knocked out Henry Tillman (20-5) at 2:47 of their bout at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas. It was Mr. Tyson's first fight since losing the title on February 11 when he was knocked out by Buster Douglas in Tokyo.
20 years ago
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Be My Lover--La Bouche (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Se på mej-Jan Johansen (7th week at #1)
Birmingham (0-1) 28 @ Shreveport (1-0) 31
Winnipeg (1-0) 30 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 27
10 years ago
San Antonio 71 @ Detroit 102 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Chauncey Billups scored 17 points and added 7 assists, while Lindsey Hunter, playing just 22 minutes as a substitute, scored 17 points and added 5 assists as the Pistons defeated the Lakers before 22,076 fans at the Palace at Auburn Hills, Michigan. Tim Duncan led San Antonio with 16 points and 16 rebounds. The Spurs were successful on just 37% of their field goal attempts and committed 17 turnovers, while the Pistons set a record for the finals with just 4 turnovers.
Montreal (1-1) 36 @ Ottawa (1-1) 17
Edmonton (1-0-1) 23 @ Winnipeg (0-1-1) 9
Calgary (1-1) 16 @ British Columbia (2-0) 32
Canada and the German mercenaries of the American Revolution - By Anik Laflèche If your last name is Schneider, Sigman, Henry, or André, or it has “von” in it, you may be of German descent. In 1776, the Thirteen Coloni...
2 days ago