350 years ago
Politics and government
England installed a municipal government in New York City (the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam).
240 years ago
British General Thomas Gage declared martial law in Massachusetts. The British offered a pardon to all colonists who laid down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Priscilla Lane. U.S. actress and singer. Miss Lane, born Priscilla Mullican, sang with bandleader Fred Waring before becoming an actress. Her movies included Four Daughters (1938); Brother Rat (1938); The Roaring Twenties (1939); Four Wives (1939); Saboteur (1942); and Arsenic and Old Lace (1944). Miss Lane died on April 4, 1995 at the age of 79.
75 years ago
13,000 British and French troops surrendered to German Major General Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux. Gen. Rommel's troops captured 40,000 prisoners along the French coast. The Italian government of Duce Benito Mussolini announced the mining of waters around Malta and Sicily and the French naval base at Bizerta, Tunisia. Despite stubborn Chinese resistance, Japanese troops captured Ichang.
British and Japanese officials reached an accord on the law and order and currency differences in Tientsin that had strained relations between the countries for a year.
Economics and finance
U.S. Federal Reserve Board Chairman Marriner Eccles asked Congress to broaden the board's power to grant loans to small businesses dealing in war contracts.
Dr. Bayard T. Horton of the Mayo Clinic reported that the drug histamine was effective in combating severe headaches.
American artists voted to withdraw from the biennial Venice Art Exhibit because of Italy's declaration of war against the United Kingdom and France.
The Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano failed to be published for the first time since 1870.
The Cleveland Indians lost for the 8th time in their last 13 games, falling 9-5 to the Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park in Boston. When Cleveland manager Ossie Vitt went to the mound to remove pitcher Mel Harder from the game, he said, "It's about time you won one‚ the money you're making." That and similar remarks about ace pitcher Bob Feller prompted Mr. Harder to ask team owner Alva Bradley for a meeting the following morning.
70 years ago
U.S. troops took the Yaeju Dake escarpment on Okinawa, breaching the last defense line of the island's Japanese garrison. In a drive on Japanese mountain positions in the Philippines, U.S. units captured Santa Ines, 23 miles northeast of Manila.
The United Nations Committee of Jurists approved a revised statute of the World Court, calling for 15 members to be elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council.
Politics and government
Italian Prime Minister Ivanoe Bonomu and his cabinet resigned, but remained in office pending a new government.
Polish leaders of various factions agreed to meet in Moscow on June 15 in an effort to revise the Polish provisional government to conform to the Yalta Conference formula.
The United States House of Representatives passed a bill to ban a poll tax requirement for voting in federal elections in Texas, Tennessee, Arkansas, Virginia, South Carolina, Alabama, and Mississippi.
60 years ago
The Cleveland Indians swept a doubleheader from the New York Yankees 10-2 and 7-3 before 69,532 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. The Indians scored 4 runs in the 6th inning and 6 in the 7th in the first game. Winning pitcher Early Wynn improved his record for 1955 to 8-1 and hit his first home run of the season. In the second game, the Indians scored 3 runs in the 1st inning and 4 in the 7th. Bob Lemon pitched a complete game victory, while Whitey Ford, who relieved starting pitcher Bob Grim in the 2nd inning, took the loss. The results left the Indians in third place in the American League, 3 1/2 games behind the Yankees.
The Chicago Cubs and Brooklyn Dodgers split a doubleheader before 28,503 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. The teams combined to hit 6 home runs as the Cubs won the first game 9-5, handing Brooklyn starting pitcher Don Newcombe his first loss of the season after 10 straight wins. Clem Labine relieved Russ Meyer to start the 5th inning and allowed 1 run in 5 innings of relief to improve his record for 1955 to 5-0 as the Dodgers won the second game 6-2.
The New York Giants and St. Louis Cardinals split a doubleheader before 15,231 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Johnny Antonelli pitched a 7-hit complete game and hit a single and 3-run home run to lead the Giants to an 8-3 win in the first game. Paul LaPalme pitched 7 innings of relief and doubled home Bill Sarni with the winning run in the top of the 13th inning as the Cardinals won the second game 6-5.
The Philadelphia Phillies scored 7 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 6th inning as they beat the Cincinnati Reds 12-8 in the first game of a scheduled doubleheader before 13,067 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. With 2 out and nobody on base, Cincinnati starting pitcher Joe Nuxhall walked Curt Simmons and Richie Ashburn. Joe Black then relieved Mr. Nuxhall and walked Granny Hamner to load the bases before Jim Greengrass singled home Messrs. Simmons and Ashburn. Cincinnati third baseman Chuck Harmon then made an error on a ground ball by Del Ennis, leading to 5 unearned runs. Mr. Simmons, the third Philadelphia pitcher of the game, allowed 3 earned runs in 4 innings, but was credited with the win. Mr. Nuxhall allowed 5 hits, 5 bases on balls, and 7 runs--6 earned--in taking the loss, but hit his 2nd home run of the season. Al Silvera made his major league debut with the Reds, playing the 8th inning in left field. In what would have been the second game, Wally Post of the Reds homered off Ron Negray of the Phillies in the 1st with 1 out and 2 runners on base. Philadelphia catcher Andy Seminick homered off Rudy Minarcin in the bottom of the 2nd with 1 out and no one on base, but the game was rained out in the bottom of the 3rd inning.
50 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter--Herman's Hermits (4th week at #1)
#1 single in France: La Nuit--Salvatore Adamo (10th week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un anno d'amore--Mina (11th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): The Last Time--The Rolling Stones (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ticket to Ride--The Beatles (6th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Price of Love--The Everly Brothers
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Back in My Arms Again--The Supremes
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Help Me, Rhonda--The Beach Boys
2 I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)--The Four Tops
3 Wooly Bully--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
4 Back in My Arms Again--The Supremes
5 Mr. Tambourine Man--The Byrds
6 Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley
7 Just a Little--The Beau Brummels
8 Ticket to Ride--The Beatles
9 Engine Engine #9--Roger Miller
10 It's Not Unusual--Tom Jones
Singles entering the chart were (I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction by the Rolling Stones (#66); You'll Never Walk Alone by Gerry & the Pacemakers (#76); Set Me Free by the Kinks (#78); (Such An) Easy Question by Elvis Presley (#82); Girl Come Running by the 4 Seasons (#83); Meeting Over Yonder by the Impressions (#85); Operator by Brenda Holloway (#86); What's New Pussycat? by Tom Jones (#90); It's Just a Little Bit Too Late by Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders (#93); He's a Lover by Mary Wells (#94); Lonely Lonely Girl am I by the Velvelettes (#95); Watermelon Man by Gloria Lynne (#96); Who's Cheating Who? by Little Milton (#97); Blue Shadows by B.B. King (#98); and You'll Miss Me (When I’m Gone) by Fontella Bass and Bobby McClure (#99). (Such An) Easy Question was from the movie Tickle Me (1965). What's New Pussycat? was tht title song of the movie.
Sandy Koufax pitched a 5-hit shutout and struck out 8 batters to improve his recrd for the season to 9-3 as the Los Angeles Dodgers blanked the New York Mets 5-0 before 38,915 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Losing pitcher Al Jackson allowed 8 hits and 5 runs--3 earned--in 8 innings, dropping to 2-8. The Mets made 4 errors, 2 of them leading to unearned runs.
The Philadelphia Phillies rallied for 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Houston Astros 5-4 before 7,870 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. The winning run scored when pinch hitter Frank Thomas singled home Ruben Amaro with 1 out.
Bennie Daniels pitched a 5-hit complete game and hit a single as the Washington Senators beat the Chicago White Sox 7-1 before 3,127 fans at District of Columbia Stadium. The Senators scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 3rd inning against losing pitcher Joe Horlen, with the last 4 coming on a grand slam by Don Lock.
Fred Talbot pitched a 6-hit shutout, doubled in a run, and scored a run as the Kansas City Athletics blanked the Cleveland Indians 7-0 before 8,822 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Luis Tiant started on the mound and took the loss for Cleveland, allowing 3 hits and 5 runs--2 earned--in 4 innings. He was relieved by Dick Donovan, who allowed 5 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 2 innings in the final game of his 15-year major league career. Bert Campaneris and Ken Harrelson hit home runs for the Athletics.
The Los Angeles Angels scored 6 runs in the 2nd inning and 5 in the 6th as they routed the New York Yankees 13-3 before 25,795 fans at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles. Rudy May pitched an 8-hit complete game victory, while New York starting pitcher Jim Bouton lasted just 1 2/3 innings, allowing 5 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in taking the loss.
40 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Stand By Your Man--Tammy Wynette (3rd week at #1)
The New York Times reported that two million Khmer refugees had been forced to flee from the cities to the countryside of the nation known until recently as Cambodia.
A court in India convicted Prime Minister Indira Gandhi of illegal campaign practices before the 1971 parliamentary election and barred her from holding office for six years.
The U.S. President's Council on Environmental Quality recommended banning aerosol sprays that were propelled by fluorocarbons, otherwise they might destroy the Earth's protective ozone shield.
Mike Jorgensen doubled home Pete Mackanin with 2 out in the top of the 15th inning for the winning run as the Montreal Expos edged the San Diego Padres 3-2 before 9,927 fans at San Diego Stadium. Rich Coggins, playing his 13th and last game as an Expo, struck out as a pinch hitter in the 10th inning.
The Cincinnati Reds scored 7 runs in the bottom of the 6th inning as they whipped the St. Louis Cardinals 10-1 before 24,512 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Gary Nolan won the pitching matchup over Lynn McGlothen. Greg Terlecky made his major league debut for the Cardinals as a relief pitcher, retiring the last batter in the 6th inning and allowing just 1 hit and no runs in 2 1/3 innings.
Deron Johnson and Bob Coluccio hit home runs for the Chicago White Sox as they beat the Boston Red Sox 9-2 before 5,944 fans at White Sox Park. Jim Kaat allowed 11 hits in pitching a complete game victory to improve his 1975 record to 9-3. Rookie Jim Burton started on the mound for Boston and allowd 8 hits and 6 runs--4 earned--in losing his first major league decision. Boston designated hitter Tony Conigliaro batted 0 for 3 with a base on balls in what turned out to be the final game of his 9-year major league career; in an attempt at a comeback after retiring during the 1971 season because of vision problems, he was batting just .123 in 21 games with 2 home runs and 9 runs batted in. He was subsequently demoted to the Pawtucket Red Sox of the AAA International League.
Hank Aaron batted 3 for 3 with a single, double, home run, base on balls, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in as the Milwaukee Brewers defeated the Oakland Athletics 9-7 before 14,243 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Losing pitcher Vida Blue allowed 10 hits and 6 runs--all earned-while striking out 10 in 6+ innings as his record for the season dropped to 9-5.
30 years ago
Bruce Tanner, son of Pittsburgh Pirates’ manager Chuck Tanner, made his major league debut as a pitcher for the Chicago White Sox, a team formerly managed by his father. He allowed 7 hits and allowed 2 runs--both earned in 6 2/3 innings to beat the Seattle Mariners 6-3 before 9,808 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle for his only major league win.
Pinch hitter Rance Mulliniks led off the top of the 10th inning with a home run to give the Toronto Blue Jays a 3-2 win over the New York Yankees before 25,129 fans at Yankee Stadium. Mr. Mulliniks' homer was hit off relief pitcher Rich Bordi, who had just entered the game.
Pat Sheridan tripled with 1 out in the top of the 14th inning and Jim Sundberg singled him home with the winning run as the Kansas City Royals edged the Oakland Athletics 3-2 before 11,010 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.
The New York Mets scored 4 runs in the top of the 11th inning to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 7-3 before 22,455 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. New York relief pitcher Rick Aguilera made his major league debut when he entered the game to begin the bottom of the 10th inning; he allowed a base on balls, but no hits in pitching 2 scoreless innings and getting the win.
25 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Doubleback--ZZ Top
Died on this date
Terence O'Neill, 75. Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, 1963-1969. Mr. O'Neill, the leader of the Ulster Unionist Party, was a moderate who desired to reconcile the differences between Roman Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland. He was an Anglican and sat in Parliament from 1946-1970. He was forced to resign as Prime Minister as a result of increasing violence in Northern Ireland and dissent within the Ulster Unionist Party.
Politics and government
The parliament of the Russian Federation formally declared its sovereignty.
Czechoslovakian President Vaclav Havel reappointed Marian Calfa as Premier and asked him to form a new government, three days after Mr. Havel's party, Civic Forum, had captured 170 of 300 seats in parliament in national elections.
New Democratic Party Member of the Legislative Assembly Elijah Harper used the rules of procedure to block the introduction of the resolution ratifying the Meech Lake constitutional accord in the Manitoba legislature. Mr. Harper, a Cree Indian, forced the legislature to delay opening debate on the constitutional agreement, whose deadline for approval was June 23, 1990.
Patricia Starr, a former Liberal Party of Ontario fund-raiser, was charged along with the National Council of Jewish Women (Toronto section) of 71 counts of violating Ontario's election spending law for exceeding the maximum allowed.
Lise Bissonnette was named Director (editor) of the Montreal daily newspaper Le Devoir.
Detroit 112 @ Portland 109 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Gerald Henderson's layup field goal with 1.8 seconds remaining gave the Pistons a 3-point lead, and Danny Young's 35-foot field goal appeared to tie the game for the Trail Blazers, but the shot was ruled to have come just after the buzzer. The referee who made the call, Earl Strom, was working in the final game of his 29-year Hall of Fame professional career, and video evidence confirmed that his final call was correct. Isiah Thomas led Detroit with 32 points and 5 assists, while Portland's Clyde Drexler led all scorers with 34 points, 8 rebounds, and 10 assists. 12,642 fans attended the game at Memorial Coliseum.
Mickey Tettleton hit a 2-run home run with 2 out in the 9th inning to tie the game, and then Randy Milligan homered leading off the 10th to give the Baltimore Orioles a 4-3 win over the Milwaukee Brewers before 27,599 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Baltimore shortstop Cal Ripken, Jr. played in his 1,308th consecutive game, passing Everett Scott for second place behind Lou Gehrig. In playing his 886th consecutive game at shortstop he passed Mr. Gehrig’s record for consecutive games at the same position.
The Texas Rangers scored 4 unearned runs in the top of the 9th inning off ace relief pitcher Dennis Eckersley to defeat the Oakland Athletics 6-5 before 21,625 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. The rally began when pinch hitter Kevin Reimer reached first base on an error by Oakland shortstop Walt Weiss with 1 out. The Next batter, Jeff Huson, grounded into a force play, which should have been the third out of the inning.
The New York Mets outhit the Chicago Cubs 21-16 and outscored them 19-8 before 34,893 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Dave Magadan and Kevin McReynolds hit home runs for the Mets.
20 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Scream/Childhood--Michael Jackson and Janet Jackson (3rd week at #1)
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)
2 No More "I Love You's"--Annie Lennox
3 Can't Stop Lovin' You--Van Halen
4 Let Her Cry--Hootie & the Blowfish
5 Lightning Crashes--Live
6 Believe--Elton John
7 Secret Garden--Bruce Springsteen
8 This is How We Do It--Montell Jordan
9 I Know--Dionne Farris
10 December--Collective Soul
Singles entering the chart were Crush with Eyeliner by R.E.M. (#66); Amsterdam by Van Halen (#71); Nina Na No by Susan Aglukark (#89); and A Deeper Shade of Love by the Cars (#98).
Politics and government
Quebec Premier Jacques Parizeau set up the Common Front for the Referendum with Lucien Bouchard of the Bloc Quebecois and Mario Dumont of the Liberal splinter group Parti de l'Action Democratique. Mr. Parizeau wanted another Quebec sovereignty referendum in the autumn, while Mr. Bouchard insisted on having a political and economic partnership with Canada as part of the question.
Lane Kirkland, 73, announced that he would step down in August after 16 years as president of the 13.3-million member American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Scott Young, 87. Canadian journalist and author. Mr. Young wrote for various newspapers and magazines for over 50 years, and wrote 45 books of fiction and non-fiction. He was particularly known for writing about hockey, and regularly appeared on Hockey Night in Canada telecasts from Toronto in the 1960s until Toronto Maple Leafs' management demanded his removal because of critical remarks he had made. Mr. Young was the father of musician Neil Young.
Detroit 76 @ San Antonio 97 (San Antonio led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Manu Ginóbili scored 27 points and added 7 assists as the Spurs defeated the Pistons before 18,797 fans at SBC Center. Tim Duncan added 18 points and 11 rebounds for San Antonio. Antonio McDyess led Detroit scorers with 15 points.
British Columbia (1-0) 37 @ Saskatchewan (0-2) 23
The Bowery Boys’ William Shakespeare Collection: Four stories of the Bard and the big city - William Shakespeare died 402 years ago today — April 23, 1616. Seven years earlier, his countryman Henry Hudson, sailing for The post The Bowery Boys’ Wi...
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