Thursday, 4 June 2015

June 5, 2015

120 years ago

Regina MP Nicholas Flood Davin introduced a motion in the Canadian House of Commons giving women the vote; fortunately, it was soundly defeated.

100 years ago

Denmark amended its constitution to allow women's suffrage.

75 years ago

After a brief lull in the Battle of France, German forces renewed the offensive against the remaining French divisions south of the River Somme at 4 A.M. in Operation Fall Rot ("Case Red"), encountering stiff French resistance. Japanese troops in France crossed the Han River to assault the Yangtze River port city of Ichang.

Politics and government
An Order-in-Council from the Cabinet of Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King declared 16 Nazi, Fascist and Communist organizations--including the Communist Party--illegal under wartime emergency legislation, and authorized the imprisonment of their leaders.

French Prime Minister Paul Reynaud reshuffled his cabinet, dropping former Prime Minister Edouard Daladier and adding Paul Baudoin and General Charles de Gaulle.

Charles Edison resigned as U.S. Secretary of the Navy in order to run for the governorship of New Jersey.

Reports stated that the only regular work being performed by the League of Nations' skeleton staff were the studies and reports of the Economic Section.

The New York State Chamber of Commerce called on the United States Congress to defeat the La Follette Oppressive Labor Practices Bill, charging that it would be detrimental to the national defense program.

United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis expressed litle hope of a truce between the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations.

The International Ladies Garment Workers Union adopted a resolution to reaffiliate itself with the AFL.

70 years ago

Supreme Allied Headquarters announced that American ground casualties on the European continent from the June 1944 invasion of Normandy to V-E Day in May 1945 totalled 514,534. About 500 U.S. planes dropped 3,000 tons of fire bombs on Kobe, Japan. U.S. troops gained 2 miles on the east coast of Okinawa and cut off the Chinen Peninsula. Chinese reports claimed that Japanese troops had quit Hoiping, Szetsin, Sunwui, and Toishan in a 55-mile area west of Hong Kong.

The United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco formally admitted Denmark to membership as the technical committees completed their work.

British Prime Minister Winston Churchill charged that French provocations had caused the hostilities between French forces and rebels in Syria and Lebanon; he hoped that U.S.-U.K.-French conferences could settle the issue.

Politics and government
The Allied Control Council formally took power as the military occupation governing body of Germany.

Democratic Party leaders in New York City chose District Attorney Bill O'Dwyer as their mayoral candidate.

U.S. President Harry Truman asked the House of Representatives Rules Committee to vote out the Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) Bill.

60 years ago

At the movies
The Big Bluff, starring John Bromfield, Martha Vickers, Robert Hutton, and Rosemarie Bowe, opened in theatres.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter--Herman's Hermits (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: La Nuit--Salvatore Adamo (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un anno d'amore--Mina (10th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): The Last Time--The Rolling Stones (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ticket to Ride--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Long Live Love--Sandie Shaw (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Help Me, Rhonda--The Beach Boys (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Back in My Arms Again--The Supremes
2 Help Me, Rhonda--The Beach Boys
3 Ticket to Ride--The Beatles
4 Wooly Bully--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
5 Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter--Herman's Hermits
6 Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley
7 I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)--The Four Tops
8 Just a Little--The Beau Brummels
9 Silhouettes--Herman's Hermits
10 Engine Engine #9--Roger Miller

Singles entering the chart were I'll Keep Holding On by the Marvelettes (#64); Do the Boomerang by Jr. Walker & the All Stars (#68); A Little Bit of Heaven by Ronnie Dove (#71); Marie by the Bachelors (#72); Seein' the Right Love Go Wrong by Jack Jones (#79); Little Lonely One by Tom Jones (#84); When a Boy Falls in Love by Sam Cooke (#86); This Little Bird by Marianne Faithfull (#89); Baby, I'm Yours by Barbara Lewis (#91); The Puzzle Song (A Puzzle in Song) by Shirley Ellis (#94); A World of Our Own by the Seekers (#95); I Love You So by Bobbi Martin (#96); From the Bottom of My Heart (I Love You) by the Moody Blues (#97); Darling Take Me Back by Lenny Welch (#98); Ain't it a Shame by Major Lance (#99); and Welcome Home by Walter Jackson (#100).

Died on this date
Thornton W. Burgess, 91
. U.S. author. Mr. Burgess wrote more than 170 books, most of them for children, featuring animal characters, and expressing Mr. Burgess' support for conservation. He also wrote the syndicated newspaper column Bedtime Stories, publishing 15,000 columns from 1912-1960.

Horse racing
Hail to All, with J. Sellers aboard, won the 97th running of the Belmont Stakes at Belmont Park in New York in a time of 2:28 2/5. Preakness Stakes winner Tom Rolfe placed second.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Stand By Your Man--Tammy Wynette (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Drew Rader, 74
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Rader played in 1 major league game, pitching the last 2 innings for the Pittsburgh Pirates in their 12-1 loss to the New York Giants at the Polo Grounds in New York, allowing 2 hits and no runs, while striking out in his only plate appearance. He pitched in 1 game with the Reading Aces of the International League in 1922.

World events
Egypt reopened the Suez Canal for the first time since the Six-Day War in 1967.

Politics and government
Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam shuffled his cabinet following a parliamentary crisis.

Catfish Hunter gave up 2 home runs to Rod Carew but still pitched a complete game victory as the New York Yankees beat the Minnesota Twins 7-4 before 11,721 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Mr. Carew, who drove in 4 runs, also had a single, giving him five straight games with 3 hits.

Buddy Bell hit a home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Cleveland Indians an 8-7 win over the Kansas City Royals before 4,510 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. The Royals led 7-3 after 7 1/2 innings, but the Indians rallied for 3 runs in the 8th and 1 in the 9th.

30 years ago

Boston 107 @ Los Angeles Lakers 105 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Dennis Johnson's jump-shot field goal as time expired gave the Celtics their win over the Lakers before 17,505 fans at the Forum in Inglewood, California. Kevin McHale led the Celtics with 28 points and 12 rebounds. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar led Los Angeles scorers with 21 points.

25 years ago

Portland 99 @ Detroit 105 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Pistons trailed 90-80 with 7 minutes left in regulation time, but guard Isiah Thomas led a Detroit comeback as they beat the Trail Blazers before 21,454 fans at the Palace at Auburn Hills, Michigan. Mr. Thomas led all scorers with 33 points--most of them in the final 7 minutes--and added 6 assists. Clyde Drexler led Portland scores with 21 points.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Scream/Childhood--Michael Jackson and Janet Jackson (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)
2 No More "I Love You's"--Annie Lennox
3 Can't Stop Lovin' You--Van Halen
4 Lightning Crashes--Live
5 Let Her Cry--Hootie & the Blowfish
6 Believe--Elton John
7 Secret Garden--Bruce Springsteen
8 It's Good to Be King--Tom Petty
9 I Know--Dionne Farris
10 Connection--Elastica

Singles entering the chart were This Ain't a Love Song by Bon Jovi (#40); Scream by Michael Jackson and Janet Jackson (#49); I'll Be There for You by the Rembrandts (#73); Untitled by The Age of Electric (#94); Curious by Sandbox (#97); and Everyone Will Crawl by Charlie Sexton (#98). I'll Be There for You was the theme from the television series Friends.

The Bose–Einstein condensate--state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero--was first produced by Eric Cornell and Carl Wieman at the University of Colorado at Boulder NIST–JILA lab, in a gas of rubidium atoms cooled to 170 nanokelvin (nK). This state had first been predicted, generally, by Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein in the mid-1920s.

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