875 years ago
The French scholar Pierre Abélard was found guilty of heresy against the Roman Catholic Church.
350 years ago
James Stuart, Duke of York (later to become King James II of England), defeated the Dutch fleet off the coast of Lowestoft.
150 years ago
Born on this date
George V. King of the United Kingdom and Ireland and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, 1910-1936. George Frederick Ernest Albert was the secons son of King Edward VII. He became heir to the throne upon the death of his older brother Prince Eddy in 1892, and succeeded to the throne upon the death of his father. In 1917 the family name was changed from House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to Windsor. King George V died on January 20, 1936 at the age of 70 and was succeeded on the throne by his eldest son Edward VIII.
130 years ago
At what is now Steele Narrows, Saskatchewan, Sam Steele led the North West Mounted Police detachment against Big Bear, but the Cree leader again escaped. It was the last military engagement fought on Canadian soil.
80 years ago
1,000 unemployed Canadian workers boarded freight cars in Vancouver, beginning the "On to Ottawa" protest trek to the nation's capital.
Bruce Campbell’s grand slam highlighted a 7-run 14th inning as the Cleveland Indians beat the St. Louis Browns 11-4 at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis.
75 years ago
The Luftwaffe bombed Paris, claiming the bombs were intended for airports near the city. The Battle of Dunkirk ended with a German victory and with Allied forces in full retreat; the British Admiralt claimed that 335,000 servicemen had been rescued from Dunkirk.
U.S. Senate and House of Representatives committees began consideration of a resolution warning that the U.S. would refuse to recognize or acquiesce in any transfer of territory in the Western Hemisphere from one non-American power to another non-American power.
General Motors granted its president, William Knudsen, an indefinite leave of absence so that he could give full attention to the National Defense Council. U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau charged Mr. Knudsen with the task of coordinating the machine tool industry.
Politics and government
A New York Times survey indicated that unless there was a sudden shift, New York City District Attorney Thomas Dewey did not have enough votes to win the 1940 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States on the first ballot at the Republican National Convention in Philadelphia three weeks hence.
U.S. House of Representatives Un-American Activities Committee Chairman Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas) said he had evidence of espionage activity in the Tennessee Valley Authority.
70 years ago
Chinese troops claimed the capture of the important railroad junction town of Tsinkong, 30 miles south of Luchow. Lebanese Prime Minister Abdel Hamid Karamah and President of the Syrian Chamber of Deputies Saadullah el Gabry charged France with using Lend-Lease materials in her fight against rebels in Lebanon and Syria.
Small and medium-sized nations described as "outrageous" the Soviet proposal that the Big Five powers--U.S.A.; U.S.S.R.; U.K.; France; and China--have veto right in the United Nations over discussion of international disputes.
Poland ordered that Germans not engaged in reconstruction work must leave the country along with those in the "newly liberated western territories."
Economics and finance
U.S. Director of War Mobilization Fred Vinson gave support to the "full employment bill" due for hearings soon in Congress.
The U.S. Internal Revenue Service said that a total of $76 million in refund cheques for overpayment of withholding taxes was being returned to taxpayers.
60 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Cherry Pink (and Apple Blossom White)--Eddie Calvert (2nd week at #1)
Died on this date
Emmitt Perkins; Jack Santo; Barbara Graham, 31. U.S. criminals. Messrs. Perkins and Santo and Mrs. Graham were executed in the gas chamber at San Quentin Prison in California for the March 1953 murder of Mabel Monohan, a 64-year-old widow who was alleged to keep a large amount of cash in her home in Burbank. Susan Hayward won the Academy Award for Best Actress for playin Mrs. Graham in I Want to Live! (1958).
Canadian Pacific Airlines started the first Vancouver-Amsterdam service over the North Pole.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Long Live Love--Sandie Shaw (2nd week at #1)
At the movies
The Sandpiper, starring Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, and Eva Marie Saint, opened in theatres.
Gemini 4, with Command Pilot Jim McDivitt and Pilot Ed White aboard, lifted off from Cape Kennedy, Florida. On the third Earth orbit, Major White became the first American to walk in space, spending 20 minutes tethered outside the spacecraft (see also here).
40 years ago
Died on this date
Eisaku Satō, 74. Prime Minister of Japan, 1964-1972. Mr. Satō entered the Diet in 1949 as a member of the Liberal Party, which merged with the Japan Democratic Party in 1955 to form the Liberal Democratic Party. Mr. Satō became Prime Minister upon the resignation of Hayato Ikeda; he decided not to seek a fourth term and retired shortly after negotiating the return of Okinawa to Japan from United States control. He was awarded a share of the 1974 Novel Peace Prize "for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation." Mr. Satō died 15 days after suffering a severe stroke.
Ozzie Nelson, 69. U.S. actor, director, producer, and bandleader. Mr. Nelson was a popular bandleader and singer in the 1930s and '40s. He married his female singer, Harriet Hilliard, in 1935. The couple starred in the radio comedy series The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet (1944-1954), with their sons David and Ricky playing themselves on the show beginning in 1949. The program moved to television, running from 1952-1966. Mr. Nelson died of liver cancer.
U.S. President Gerald Ford returned to the United States from his first visit to Europe as President. He met with other heads of government at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization meeting in Brussels; visited Spain and Italy; and met in Salzburg, Austria with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat.
Pele, the World Cup star from Brazil and soccer's most famous player, joined the New York Cosmos, bringing international exposure to the North American Soccer League. He signed for $7 million over three years as the world's richest player in team sports.
Dick Pole pitched his first major league complete game, a 3-hit shutout, leading the Boston Red Sox to a 4-0 win over the Chicago White Sox before 10,645 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.
Pinch hitter Alex Johnson doubled home Chris Chambliss and Graig Nettles in the top of the 8th inning to provide the winning margin as the New York Yankees edged the Minnesota Twins 5-4 before 10,184 fans at Metropolitan Stadium. New York right fielder Bobby Bonds led off the game with a home run; it was the 29th time in his major league career that he had done that, breaking the record formerly held by Eddie Yost, who had hit all his leadoff home runs in the American League. Mr. Bonds hit his first 28 leadoff homers in the National League as a member of the San Francisco Giants from 1968-1974.
Milwaukee Brewers' designated hitter Hank Aaron doubled for his 3,631st career major league hit, moving him past Stan Musial into second place behind Ty Cobb, in the Brewers' 5-4 win over the Oakland Athletics before 4,129 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.
Mike Schmidt and Greg Luzinski each hit 2 home runs and Mike Anderson added another, driving in a total of 11 runs as the Philadelphia Phillies routed the San Diego Padres 12-1 before 10,047 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Winning pitcher Jim Lonborg pitched a 5-hit complete game.
Ron Reed, making his first appearance in a St. Louis uniform since being acquired in a trade with the Atlanta Braves, pitched 7 innings, allowing 8 hits and 2 unearned runs, to get the win as the Cardinals beat the Braves 4-2 before 13,356 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Mr. Reed also hit a single.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): We are the World--USA for Africa (9th week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Boy no Theme--Momoko Kikuchi (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): We are the World--USA for Africa (3rd week at #1)
In the major league free agent draft, catcher B.J. Surhoff of the University of North Carolina was the first pick, taken by the Milwaukee Brewers. The next three players chosen were first baseman Will Clark of Mississippi State (San Francisco Giants); pitcher Bobby Witt of the University of Oklahoma (Texas Rangers); and shortstop Barry Larkin of the University of Michigan (Cincinnati Reds).
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Vogue--Madonna (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I Promised Myself--Nick Kamen
#1 single in Switzerland: Black Velvet--Alannah Myles
Died on this date
Robert Noyce, 62. U.S. physicist and businessman. Dr. Noyce, the "Father of Silicon Valley," founded Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957 and co-founded Intel Corporation in 1968. He was credited (with Jack Kilby) with the co-invention of the first integrated circuit, or microchip. Dr. Noyce died of a heart attack.
U.S. President George Bush and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev concluded their summit in Washington with a press conference, where they declared the summit a success while acknowledging that no agreement had been reached on German reunification. Mr. Gorbachev said that the U.S.S.R. might curb emigration of Soviet Jews to Israel unless Israel gave assurances that they would not settle in the occupied territories. Mr. Gorbachev then flew to Minnesota, where he met with Governor Rudy Perpich and visited the headquarters of Control Data Corporation, a leading computer technology firm.
Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney met provincial premiers over dinner at the Canadian Museum of Civilization in Hull, Quebec to discuss the Meech Lake constitutional accord. The meeting stretched to a week-long closed-door conference.
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Mouth--Merril Bainbridge (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Self Esteem--The Offspring
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Think Twice--Céline Dion (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me--U2
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men (2nd week at #1)
2 This is How We Do It--Montell Jordan
3 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
4 Total Eclipse of the Heart--Nikki French
5 I Believe--Blessid Union of Souls
6 I Know--Dionne Farris
7 I'll Be There for You/You're All I Need to Get By--Method Man featuring Mary J. Blige
8 Freak Like Me--Adina Howard
9 Let Her Cry--Hootie & the Blowfish
10 Red Light Special--TLC
Singles entering the chart were Come and Get Your Love by Real McCoy (#51); You Bring Me Joy by Mary J. Blige (#75); Leave Virginia Alone by Rod Stewart (#77); Mama Say by Bloodhound Gang (#79); Somebody's Crying by Chris Isaak (#86); and Bombastic by Shaggy (#87).
At the movies
Party Girl, starring Parker Posey, received its premiere screening, being shown to several hundred viewers over the Internet from the Point of Presence Company (POPCO) offices in Seattle, becoming the first commercial fiction feature film to be shown in its entirety over the Internet. It opened in theatres six days later.
Pedro MartÌnez of the Montreal Expos took a perfect game into the 10th inning before 9,707 fans at Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego, but Bip Roberts of the Padres doubled to lead off the inning. The Expos had scored a run in the top of the inning, and Mr. MartÌnez, who was relieved by Mel Rojas after giving up Mr. Roberts; double, was credited with a 1-0 victory but not the perfect game or no-hitter.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Harold Cardinal, 60. Canadian lawyer and activist. Mr. Cardinal was a leading figure among Canadian Indians in the late 1960s and 1970s. He was chief of the Sucker Creek Band in Alberta, served nine terms as President of the Indian Association of Alberta (beginning at age 23) and was instrumental in the founding of the National Indian Brotherhood (now the Assembly of First Nations). Mr. Cardinals is perhaps best known as the credited author of The Unjust Society (1969), a critique of the White Paper presented by federal Indian Affairs and Northern Development Minister Jean Chretien, which advocated the elimination of separate legal status for native people in Canada. Mr. Cardinal died of lung cancer, shortly after being admitted to the Alberta bar.
The Bowery Boys’ William Shakespeare Collection: Four stories of the Bard and the big city - William Shakespeare died 402 years ago today — April 23, 1616. Seven years earlier, his countryman Henry Hudson, sailing for The post The Bowery Boys’ Wi...
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