675 years ago
In the Battle of Sluys in the Hundred Years' War, the French fleet was almost completely destroyed by the English Fleet commanded in person by King Edward III.
340 years ago
King Philip's War, the most devastating war between the British colonists and Indians, began with Indians attacking the Swansea settlement in Massachusetts.
125 years ago
The Chicago Pirates scored 13 runs in the 4th inning and whipped the Brooklyn Wonders 22-3 in a Players League game in Chicago.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Fred Hoyle. U.K. astronomer. Sir Fred was one of the most famous astronomers of the 20th century, known primarily for the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis. He coined the term "Big Bang" for that theory of the origin of the universe, which he rejected in favour of a "steady state." Sir Fred was also known for his contarian views on a wide range of subjects. He died on August 20, 2001 at the age of 86.
80 years ago
Died on this date
Carlos Gardel, 44. French-born Argentine singer. Mr. Gardel, born Charles Gardes, was known as the "King of Tango" for his many hit recordings in that genre from 1917 until his death in a plane crash in Medellin, Colombia.
75 years ago
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King told Parliament that "The government I lead will not bring in measures for conscription of Canadians for service overseas." French delegates signed a separate peace treaty with Italy. In London, French General Charles de Gaulle claimed that the French empire would continue to fight against the Axis. Operation Collar, the first British Commando raid on occupied France, by No 11 Independent Company, took place. French authorities turned over French-held territory in Shanghai to the Japanese. Japanese naval ships entered Haiphong harbour to observe ships suspected of carrying supplies destined for Nationalist Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek.
Politics and government
King Farouk of Egypt conferred with representatives of all the country's political factions in an effort to form a new cabinet.
Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen gave the keynote address at the opening session of the Republican National Convention in Philadelphia. The party's platform committee adopted the position that the United States should avoid war.
Economics and finance
Canadian Minister of Munitions and Supply C. D. Howe set up the Wartime Industries Control Board.
Canadian Finance Minister J. L. Ralston noted that the $700-million war appropriation may be inadequate, since "events are moving with lighting speed;" his budget imposed a 10% war exchange tax on "non-empire" imports.
Guaranty Trust Company of New York predicted that the U.S. dollar would replace the British pound as the chief international currency.
The government of Panama instituted tighter regulation of radio broadcasting in order to curtail the dissemination of false information.
At the U.S. Clay Court Championships in Chicago, Don McNeill won the men's title and Alice Marble won the women's title.
70 years ago
France appealed to U.S. Secretary of State Edward Stettinius to appoint a commission to investigate the Levant crisis, in which French troops were fighting against rebels in Lebanon and Syria.
Indian activist Mohandas Gandhi rejected an invitation to the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco for revision of India's government, but said that he would be available in an advisory capacity.
The Shanghai Evening Post and Mercury, the first American newspaper published in free China, announced that it was suspending publication because it was hampered by "wartime censorship restrictions."
Economics and finance
U.S. Labor Secretary Frances Perkins reported that the cost of living had increased 0.7% in May, raising the index to 128% of the 1935-1939 average.
60 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Unchained Melody--Jimmy Young
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): I'm Alive--The Hollies
At the movies
Cat Ballou, starring Jane Fonda, Lee Marvin, and Michael Callan, opened in theatres.
The Beatles continued their European tour with two shows at Velodromo Vigorelli in Milan.
South Vietnam severed diplomatic relations with France, charging that France was aiding South Vietnam's enemies.
40 years ago
Died on this date
Wendell Ladner, 26. U.S. basketball player. Mr. Ladner was a forward in the American Basketball Association from 1970-1975 with the Memphis Pros/Tams; Carolina Cougars; Kentucky Colonels; and New York Nets. He was named to the ABA's All-Rookie team in 1970-71 and was a member of the Nets' 1973-74 championship team. Mr. Ladner was killed in the crash of Eastern Air Lines Flight 66 in New York, and his body was identified by the championship ring he was wearing.
113 of the 124 passengers and crew aboard Eastern Air Lines Flight 66 from New Orleans to New York were killed when the Boeing 727-225 jet crashed on landing during a severe thunderstorm. It was the deadliest single plane crash in United States history to that date.
The Canadian Football League All-Star Game between the defending Grey Cup champion Montreal Alouettes and the CFL All-Stars was scheduled to have been played at Autostade in Montreal, but the game had been cancelled a week earlier because only about 2,000 tickets had been sold.
The St. Louis Cardinals sold outfielder Don Hahn to the San Diego Padres. Mr. Hahn was batting .125 (1 for 8) in 7 games with St. Louis since being signed on May 21, after being released by the Philadelphia Phillies, with whom he had batted 0 for 5 in 9 games in 1975.
Tim Hosley drove in 3 runs and five of his teammates, including winning pitcher Bill Bonham, each batted in 2 as the Chicago Cubs beat the Montreal Expos 13-6 before 7,021 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal.
Jerry Koosman pitched a 5-hit complete game for his 100th career major league win as the New York Mets defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 5-1 before 19,240 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.
21-year-old starters Larry Christenson and Tom Underwood were the respective winning pitchers as the Philadelphia Phillies swept a twi-night doubleheader from the Pittsburgh Pirates 6-3 and 8-1 before 50,463 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. In the second game, Pittsburgh starting and losing pitcher Bruce Kison was removed after failing to retire any of the five batters he faced, allowing a hit, 4 bases on balls, and 4 runs--3 earned. It was the second straight game for Mr. Kison in which he was unable to retire a batter. He was relieved by Sam McDowell, who allowed 4 hits and 1 earned run in 4 innings in what turned out to be the final game of his 15-year major league career.
Randy Jones and Brent Strom both pitched complete game victories as the San Diego Padres swept a twi-night doubleheader from the San Francisco Giants 2-1 in 10 innings and 3-0 before 19,817 fans at San Diego Stadium. Mr. Jones allowed 11 hits in the first game, while Mr. Strom allowed just 2 hits in the second game. Enzo Hernandez scored the winning run in the first game when he led off the 10th inning with a single, advanced to second on a sacrifice bunt by Mr. Jones, went to third base on a bunt single by Bobby Tolan, and scored when San Francisco second baseman Derrel Thomas made an error on a ground ball by Tito Fuentes. Former San Francisco great Willie McCovey hit a home run in the second game.
George Hendrick hit his second home run of the game, a 3-run blast off Dick Drago with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning, to cap a 4-run rally as the Cleveland Indians beat the Boston Red Sox 8-6 before 15,411 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Tom McCraw played the 9th inning at first base for Cleveland, making 1 putout in the last game of his 13-year major league career.
Catfish Hunter allowed a leadoff home run by Ken Singleton to start the game but allowed just 3 hits and no runs after that as the New York Yankees beat the Baltimore Orioles 3-1 before 19,175 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Losing pitcher Mike Torrez pitched a complete game, allowing 7 hits and 3 earned runs. Rookie right fielder Terry Whitfield drove in 2 runs for New York.
Jim Slaton pitched a 3-hit shutout and Bill Travers pitched an 8-hit complete game victory as the Milwaukee Brewers swept a twi-night doubleheader from the Detroit Tigers 5-0 and 4-2 before 21,199 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Hank Aaron, usually a designated hitter, played left field for Milwaukee in the first game for only the second time all season. He came to bat as a pinch hitter with the bases loaded in the 7th inning of the second game and drew a base on balls to force in a run. George Scott, who had hit a solo home run in the 6th, subsequently singled home 2 runs.
Jorge Orta drove in 4 runs with a home run, single, and sacrifice fly as the Chicago White Sox survived a 3-run 9th-inning rally to defeat the Texas Rangers 7-5 before 6,318 fans at White Sox Park.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Angel/Into the Groove--Madonna
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Debut/Manhattan Joke--Naoko Kawai
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): We are the World--USA for Africa (6th week at #1)
Toronto (2-1) 22 @ Ottawa (1-2) 23
Winnipeg (1-2) 22 @ Edmonton (0-3) 7
The Eskimos’ loss to the Blue Bombers on a dreary night at Commonwealth Stadium was the last game for both Dave Cutler and Tom Scott. Mr. Cutler hit the upright on his only field goal attempt, and Mr. Scott didn’t catch a pass, as he saw only brief action in the fourth quarter. Mr. Cutler was the CFL’s career leader in points, field goals, and converts, while Mr. Scott was the career leader in pass receiving yardage and was just one behind the record for career pass receptions. Both players ended up in the Canadian Football Hall of Fame, as well as the Edmonton Eskimos’ Wall of Honour.
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Eagle Rock--Daddy Cool
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I Promised Myself--Nick Kamen (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Black Velvet--Alannah Myles (4th week at #1)
Politics and government
The day after the deadline for approval of the Meech Lake constitutional accord had passed without its ratification, Canadian Prime Minister Mulroney said that there would be no more conferences on Canadian unity without Quebec participation. Jean Chretien, who had been elected leader of the opposition Liberal Party of Canada the previous day, said that he favoured a two-year cooling-off period before attempting a resumption of constitutional discussions.
Sodomites in the audience disrupted an address by U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Louis Sullivan to the 6th annual International AIDS Conference in San Francisco.
Winnipeg (1-0) 41 Saskatchewan (0-1) 40 @ Saskatoon
The Kansas City Royals amassed 23 hits in beating the Minnesota Twins 11-2 before 39,566 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Kansas City left fielder Jim Eisenreich batted 5 for 5.
Andres Thomas hit a home run off Rick Luecken leading off the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Atlanta Braves an 11-10 win over the San Diego Padres before 16,298 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Mouth--Merril Bainbridge (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): 21 Go'nat historier--Timm & Gordon (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Conquest of Paradise--Vangelis
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Boom Boom Boom--The Outhere Brothers
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men (5th week at #1)
2 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
3 Scream/Childhood--Michael Jackson and Janet Jackson
4 Total Eclipse of the Heart--Nikki French
5 Let Her Cry--Hootie & the Blowfish
7 Don't Take it Personal (Just One of Dem Days)--Monica
8 I Believe--Blessid Union of Souls
9 This is How We Do It--Montell Jordan
10 Can't You See--Total featuring Notorious B.I.G.
Singles entering the chart were Childhood; One More Chance/Stay with Me by Notorious B.I.G. (#52); Human Nature by Madonna (#74); Freak Me Baby by Dis ’N’ Dat featuring 95 South, 69 Boyz & K-Noc (#75); I Can't Tell You Why by Brownstone (#80); and Remember Me This Way by Jordan Hill (#90).
Host South Africa defeated New Zealand 15-12 in extra time in the final of the Rugby World Cup before a capacity crowd of 62,000 at Ellis Park Stadium in Johannesburg. South African President Nelson Mandela presented South African captain Francois Pienaar with the Webb-Ellis Cup in an iconic post-apartheid moment.
Detroit 2 @ New Jersey 5 (New Jersey won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Neal Broten opened the scoring 1:08 into the game and scored the winning goal in the 2nd period as the Devils completed the sweep at Brendan Byrne Arena in East Rutherford to win the franchise's first Stanley Cup championship in their 21-year history. New Jersey forward Claude Lemieux was awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy as the playoffs' most valuable player.
Saskatchewan (0-2) 23 @ Toronto (1-1) 43
Baltimore (2-0) 34 @ Birmingham (0-2) 0
Shreveport (1-1) 17 @ San Antonio (2-0) 34
10 years ago
Died on this date
Paul Winchell, 82. U.S. actor, ventriloquist, and inventor. Mr. Winchell, born Paul Wilchinsky, was a popular host of children's television programs in the 1950s and '60s. He was known for creating the character dummies Jerry Mahoney and Knucklehead Smiff. Mr. Winchell provided voices for characters in various cartoons through the 1980s. He was also an accomplished inventor, earning over 30 patents, most notably for an artificial heart.
Ottawa (0-1) 16 @ Edmonton (1-0) 41
Ricky Ray completed 31 of 45 passes for 354 yards and 2 touchdowns to Jason Tucker, while rushing for 2 touchdowns of his own, as the Eskimos defeated the Renegades before 36,912 fans at Commonwealth Stadium in their first regular season game under head coach Danny Maciocia. Jason Armstead scored both Ottawa touchdowns, the first on a 45-yard punt return in the 2nd quarter, and the second on a 54-yard pass from quarterback Kerry Joseph in the 4th quarter. Derrell "Mookie" Mitchell led Edmonton receivers with 128 yards on 8 receptions.
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