825 years ago
Died on this date
Frederick I, 67 or 68. Holy Roman Emperor, 1155-1190; King of Burgundy, 1152-1190; King of Germany, 1152-1190; King of Italy, 1155-1190. Frederick I, also known as Frederick Barbarossa because of his red beard, succeeded Lothair III as Holy Roman Emperor, and is regarded as one of the most successful of Holy Roman Emperors. Emperor Frederick I was leading the Third Crusade to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin when he drowned in the Saleph River in Turkey, perhaps after suffering a heart attack. He was succeeded as Holy Roman Emperor by Henry VI.
210 years ago
Pasha of Tripoli Yusuf Karamanli signed a treaty ending the hostilities between Tripolitania and the United States.
150 years ago
Born on this date
Frederick Cook. U.S. physician and explorer. Dr. Cook was best known for his claim to have reached the North Pole in April 1908, a year before Robert Peary. Dr. Cook's claim was generally accepted at first and then generally rejected in favour of that of Rear Admiral Peary. Dr. Cook's claim to have reached the summit of Mount McKinley in Alaska has also been discredited. He was imprisoned from 1923-1930 for mail fraud as a result of involvement in a Texas oil investment; U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt pardoned Dr. Cook shortly before his death at the age of 75 on August 5, 1940.
Tristan und Isolde, by Richard Wagner, received its premiere performance at the Königliches Hof- und Nationaltheater in Munich.
125 years ago
In an American Association game, Jack Stivetts of the St. Louis Browns hit 2 home runs, including a grand slam in the top of the 9th inning, as the Browns edged the Toledo Maumees 9-8 at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis. The Browns were trailing 8-5 when Mr. Stivetts hit his grand slam. Mr. Stivetts was also the winning pitcher, recording 10 strikeouts.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Saul Bellow. Canadian-born U.S. author. Mr. Bellow, born Solomon Bellows in Lachine, Quebec, moved to the United States with his family at the age of 9. He was awarded the 1976 Nobel Prize in Literature "for the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work." His novels included Dangling Man (1944); The Adventures of Augie March (1953); Seize the Day (1956); Henderson the Rain King (1959); Herzog (1964); and Humboldt's Gift (1975).
90 years ago
The inaugural service for the United Church of Canada--an amalgamation of the Union of Methodists, Presbyterian, and Congregational Churches--was held at Mutual Street Arena in Toronto.
80 years ago
The Chaco War ended as a truce was called between Bolivia and Paraguay, who had been fighting since 1932.
Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in Akron, Ohio by "Bill W." (Bill Wilson) and Dr. Bob Smith. AA's 12-step approach to dealing with drinking has been widely adopted by churches in dealing with various problems, and is widely, but erroneously, viewed as being compatible with Christianity. Go to My Word Like Fire and search under "AA" or "Alcoholics Anonymous" for excellent posts on this organization.
75 years ago
Died on this date
Marcus Garvey, 52. Jamaican-born racial activist. Mr. Garvey was a supporter of Negro economic empowerment and of the return of Negroes to Africa from elsewhere in the world. He founded the United Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL) in Jamaica in 1914. Mr. Garvey moved to the United States in 1916 and in 1919 founded the Black Star Line of Delaware, a shipping company dedicated to transporting Negroes to Africa. Mr. Garvey was convicted of mail fraud in 1923 and was sentenced to five years in prison. His sentence was commuted in 1927, and he was deported to Jamaica, where he was imprisoned for contempt of court after accusing judges of corruption. Mr. Garvey moved to London in 1935 and spent his remaining years there, dying after suffering two strokes.
Norman Rogers, 45. Canadian politician. Mr. Rogers, a Liberal, was elected to the House of Commons in 1935, respresenting Kingston City. He served in the cabinet of Prime Minister Mackenzie King as Minister of Labour from 1935-1939. On September 19, 1939, just over a week after Canada's entry into World War II, Mr. Rogers became Minister of Defence. He was killed in a plane crash near Newtonville, Ontario, while en route from Ottawa to Toronto for a speaking engagement.
Norway surrendered to German forces. Italian Foreign Minister Count Ciano informed the French and British ambassadors that as of the next day Italy would consider herself at war with both nations. Canada declared war on Italy. Speaking at the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounced Italy's entrance into the European war, declaring, "The hand that held the dagger has stuck it into the back of its neighbor." He called for "full speed ahead" in the defense effort. Japanese military dispatches claimed the capture of Shasi on the Yangtze River in the province of Hupeh.
U.S. Senator Claude Pepper (Democrat--Florida) urged Congress to repeal neutrality legislation to enable President Roosevelt to give all possible aid to the Allies.
Japan and the U.S.S.R. reached an agreement settling their dispute over the Manchurian frontier.
A Gallup Poll reported that 95% of Americans favoured the registration of all aliens.
The United States Agriculture Department increased its forecast of anticipated winter wheat production to 488.458 million bushels.
Dr. Chevalier Jackson was voted the American Medical Association's Distinguished Service Award for his service in bronchoscopy.
70 years ago
The New York Herald Tribune reported that the bestselling fiction book was Captain from Castile by Samuel Shellabarger, with Brave Men by Ernie Pyle the bestselling non-fiction book.
U.S. Army General Dwight Eisenhower and British Army Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery received the U.S.S.R.'s highest award, the jewelled Order of Victory, from Soviet Red Army Marshal Gregory Zhukov. A joint U.S.-U.K. statement listed 713 German U-boats destroyed between September 3, 1939-May 8, 1945. Australian Imperial Forces landed in Brunei Bay to liberate Brunei. American and Australian forces made a new invasion thrust at Borneo, landing on the main island as well as on Labuan and Muara islands.
45 smaller countries at the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco, led by Herbert Evans of Australia, sought to restrict the veto right of the Big Five powers--U.S.A.; U.S.S.R.; U.K.; France; and China--on the Security Council. Mr. Evans suggested that the veto be inapplicable in Security Council decisions dealing with peaceful settlement of disputes.
Politics and government
Dr. Jose Luis Bustamante Rivero, a liberal candidate, was elected President of Peru. Two vice presidents, 49 senators, and 152 deputies were also elected.
Representing the American Society of Newspaper Editors, Wilbur Forrest, Ralph McGill, and Carl Ackerman told U.S. President Harry Truman that their objective in peace treaties was a pledge not to censor news and to permit free flow of information.
Byron Nelson won his sixth straight tournament, the $10,000 Canadian Professional Golfers Association Open in Montreal.
60 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Cherry Pink (and Apple Blossom White)--Eddie Calvert (3rd week at #1)
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Long Live Love--Sandie Shaw (3rd week at #1)
Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri arrived in Ottawa to begin a five-day visit to Canada.
40 years ago
At the movies
Love and Death, written and directed by Woody Allen and starring him and Diane Keaton, opened in theatres.
In a 299-page report to U.S. President Gerald Ford, the Rockefeller Commission accused the Central Intelligence Agency of activites that were "plainly unlawful and constituted improper invasions upon the rights of Americans."
Bob Bailey hit his first home run of the season and Steve Renko pitched 8 2/3 innings for his first win of the season after 5 losses as the Montreal Expos edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 5-4 before 22,065 fans at Dodger Stadium. Andy Messersmith, normally an ace pitcher for the Dodgers, was used as a pinch hitter for starting pitcher Burt Hooton in the 2nd inning; he was hit by a pitch and was stranded at third base.
Willie Stargell batted 4 for 5 with 3 doubles and 4 runs batted in to lead the Pittsburgh Pirates over the Cincinnati Reds 9-5 before 19,107 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Sam McDowell started on the mound for Pittsburgh, allowing 6 hits and 3 runs--all earned--and striking out 5 batters in 5 innings for his 141st and last career major league win. Cesar Geronimo hit an inside-the-park home run for Cincinnati in the 6th inning.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Would I Lie to You?--Eurythmics
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ima Dakara--Yumi Matsutoya, Kazumasa Oda, Kazuo Zaitsu
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): We are the World--USA for Africa (4th week at #1)
The album The Beach Boys was released on Caribou Records. The album, produced by Steve Levine, the group's first since the death of drummer Dennis Wilson in 1983, and their first album to be issued on compact disc as well as on vinyl. It was the last album ever released on the Caribou label.
Socialite Claus von Bulow, who had been convicted in 1982 of attempting to murder his heiress wife Martha "Sunny" von Bulow, was acquitted by a jury in a second trial in Providence, Rhode Island.
Toronto financier Conrad Black acquired 14% of the London Daily Telegraph newspaper for $17 million.
Saskatchewan (1-0) 9 @ Winnipeg (0-1) 7
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Vogue--Madonna (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I Promised Myself--Nick Kamen (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Black Velvet--Alannah Myles (2nd week at #1)
Politics and government
New Brunswick Premier Frank McKenna achieved passage of the Meech Lake constitutional accord in the provincial legislature after his concerns were addressed in a compromise meeting.
British Airways Flight 5390, en route from Birmingham, England to Málaga, Spain, was landed safely at Southampton Airport by first officer Alastair Atchison after a blowout in the cockpit caused captain Tim Lancaster to be partially sucked from the cockpit. There were no fatalities.
Detroit 121 @ Portland 106 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Joe Dumars, whose father died just 1 1/2 hours before the game, scored 33 points to lead the Pistons over the Trail Blazers before 12,884 at Memorial Coliseum. Vinnie Johnson added 21 points for Detroit, making 9 of 13 field goal attempts. Jerome Kersey led Portland scorers with 27 points.
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Mouth--Merril Bainbridge (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Back For Good--Take That
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Think Twice--Céline Dion (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me--U2 (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men (3rd week at #1)
2 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
3 Total Eclipse of the Heart--Nikki French
4 This is How We Do It--Montell Jordan
5 I Believe--Blessid Union of Souls
6 I'll Be There for You/You're All I Need to Get By--Method Man featuring Mary J. Blige
7 I Know--Dionne Farris
8 Let Her Cry--Hootie & the Blowfish
9 Don't Take it Personal (Just One of Dem Days)--Monica
10 Freak Like Me--Adina Howard
Singles entering the chart were Scream by Michael Jackson and Janet Jackson (#11); Waterfalls by TLC (#67); So in Love with You by U.N.V. (#77); I Kissed a Girl by Jill Sobule (#79); Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me by U2 (#83); Freek'n You by Jodeci (#84); This Ain't a Love Song by Bon Jovi (#85); and I Like It (I Wanna Be Where You Are) by Grand Puba (#86).
The United Nations acknowledged that Bosnian Serbs had seized 285 heavy weapons near the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo in late May when they had begun taking UN peacekeepers as hostages.
The Cuban government of dictator Fidel Castro announced the arrest in Havana of former financier Robert Vesco, who had fled the United States in 1972 and indicted in the U.S. in 1973 on charges of embezzling $224 million from the mutual fund Investment Overseas Services Ltd. He had also been charged in 1989 with helping the Medellin drug cartel smuggle cocaine from Colombia to the United States. Mr. Vesco had lived in several Caribbean countries before being granted asylum in Cuba in the early 1980s. In announcing Mr. Vesco's arrest, the Cuban government said that he was suspected of being an agent for "foreign special services."
Thunder Gulch, with Gary Stevens aboard, won the 127th running of the Belmont Stakes at Belmont Park in New York.
10 years ago
Chicago 2 @ Philadelphia 5 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-0)
The Phantoms set a Calder Cup record for consecutive home playoff wins with 11 as they completed their sweep of the Wolves at Wachovia Center . Philadelphia goalie Antero Niittymaki won the Jack A. Butterfield Trophy as the most valuable player of the playoffs. With the National Hockey League lockout having wiped out the entire 2004-05 season, there were no Stanley Cup playoffs, and this was the highest level of professional hockey available in North America that year.
Winnipeg (0-0-1) 20 @ Edmonton (0-0-1) 20
Images of snowshoes now on Flickr - Snowshoes distribute a person’s weight over snow, enabling one to walk without sinking too deeply. Traditional snowshoes are made with wooden frames and le...
18 hours ago