Saturday, 20 June 2015

June 20, 2015

Born on this date
Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Brian Wilson and Dale Hein!

1,175 years ago
840


Died on this date
Louis I, 61 or 62
. Holy Roman Emperor, 813-840; King of the Franks, 814-833; 834-840; King of Aquitaine, 781-814. Louis I, popularly known as Louis the Pious, was co-Emperor with his father Charles I (Charlemagne), and becams sole ruler after his father's death. He was deposed as King of the Franks in 833, but regained power the following year. Louis I was succeeded as Holy Roman Emperor by his son Lothair I, whom Louis had made co-Emperor in 817. Louis I's Frankish kingdom was plunged into civil war after his death, and ended up being divided into three parts.

175 years ago
1840


Technology
Samuel Morse received the patent for the telegraph.

130 years ago
1885

Baseball

Harvard University defeated Yale University 16-2 to finish the season with a record of 10-0, the first perfect season in intercollegiate history.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Terence Young
. Chinese-born U.K. film director. Mr. Young was best known for directing the James Bond movies Dr. No (1962); From Russia with Love (1963); and Thunderball (1965). He died on September 7, 1994 at the age of 79.

75 years ago
1940


War
German forces in France occupied Vichy, Nantes, and Lyons. The Japanese Navy massed off the Indochina coast near Haiphong. The Japanese Army blockade of Tientsin was lifted.

Economics and finance
The Canadan Parliament passed a law authorizing conscription of the dominion's manpower for defense of economic and industrial resources.

The Connally war tax bill, providing for income and excess profits taxes as soon as war broke out, passed the United States Senate as a rider to the defense tax bill.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated Republicans Henry L. Stimson as Secretary of War and Frank Knox as Secretary of the Navy. Mr. Roosevelt also nominated Robert Hinckley to be an assistant Secretary of Commerce.

U.S. President Roosevelt signed a bill creating the Bureau of Ships, combining the Navy's Bureau of Construction and Repair with the Bureau of Engineering.

The U.S. Republican National Committee approved contested delegations to their national convention from Louisiana and Mississippi which favoured the nomination of U.S. Senator Robert Taft (Ohio) as the party's candidate for President of the United States in the November 1940 election.

Boxing
World heavyweight champion Joe Louis (43-1) knocked down challenger Arturo Godoy (52-12-7) twice in the 8th round before referee Billy Cavanaugh stopped the fight 1:24 into the round, giving the "Brown Bomber" a technical knockout at Yankee Stadium in New York. It was the second victory for Mr. Louis over Mr. Godoy in just over two months (see film).

70 years ago
1945


World events
A German policeman told U.S. authorities that he had seen the bodies of German Fuehrer and his wife Eva Braun burning at the Reich Chancellery in Berlin after their deaths on April 30.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco settled its last major controversy when the Big Five nations agreed to let the General Assembly have the right to discuss "any matters within the scope of the charter."

The U.K., U.S.A., and Yugoslavia signed an agreement partitioning the Venezia Giulia area of Italy, pending a final peace conference settlement.

United States Secretary of State Edward Stettinius approved the transfer of Wernher von Braun and his team of German Nazi rocket scientists to America.

Crime
Former Italian Army Chief of Staff Rudolfo Graziani, General Gastone Gamberra, and five other generals were indicted in Rome for high treason.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate voted to extend the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Law for three years, including the presidential power to reduce tariffs.

The U.S. War Production Board authorized production by 10 manufacturers of 691,018 passenger cars from July 1, 1945-March 31, 1946, to be used primarily for war or essential civilian transportation.

Business
A U.S. federal court jury in Newark, New Jersey acquitted E.I. du Pont Company and Rohm and Haas Company on charges of conspiracy under the Sherman Act to monopolize international production and fix prices for scrylic products.

Labour
A new U.S. federal labour relations bill was introduced into the U.S. Senate to replace the Wagner Act. It called for the creation of two boards: an unfair labour practices tribunal, and another to mediate labour disputes.

60 years ago
1955


On television tonight
Sherlock Holmes, starring Ronald Howard and H. Marion Crawford
Tonight's episode: The Case of the Baker Street Bachelors

50 years ago
1965


At the movies
The Railrodder, a silent comedy short starring Buster Keaton and produced by the National Film Board of Canada, was screened at the Berlin International Film Festival.

Died on this date
Bernard Baruch, 94
. U.S. financier. Mr. Baruch was a successful financier on Wall Street in New York, but was best known as an economic adviser to U.S. Presidents Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D. Roosevelt during the two World Wars.

Jay Dahl, 19. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Dahl made one appearance in the major leagues, starting as a 17-year-old and losing for the Houston Colt .45s against the New York Mets on September 27, 1963, allowing 7 hits and 7 runs--5 earned--in 2 2/3 innings in a 10-3 loss, for an earned run average of 16.88. He returned to the minor leagues, and at the time of his death was with the Salisbury Astros of the Class A Western Carolinas League. Mr. Dahl had a record of 5-0 and went to dinner with teammates after pitching the Astros to a 7-3 win over Gastonia. He and Patricia Troutman, 20, were passengers in a car driven by Mr. Dahl's teammate Gary Marshall; the car was being driven at high speed when it hit a patch of sand, skidded, and slammed into a tree. Miss Troutman was killed instantly, and Mr. Dahl died later of internal injuries. Mr. Marshall was blinded and suffered a broken arm and leg; he was charged with manslaughter, but the charges were dropped. Mr. Dahl remains the youngest current or former major league player to die.

Music
The Beatles opened their European tour with two shows at Palais des Sports in Paris.

Protest
Police in Algiers broke up demonstrations by people who had taken to the streets chanting slogans in support of President Ahmed Ben Bella, who had been deposed the previous day.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: The Newcastle Song--Bob Hudson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Paloma Blanca--George Baker Selection (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do--ABBA (5th week at #1)

At the movies
Jaws, directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Richard Dreyfuss, Roy Scheider, and Robert Shaw, opened on 409 screens in the United States, and 55 in Canada.

Yellowknifiana
The annual Midnight Madness event where downtown stores remained open until midnight was held in June for the first time, after being held in August in 1973 and 1974. It became a traditional event, taking place on the Friday closest to June 21.

Politics and government
The Rastakhiz Party won all 268 seats in the Majlis in the Iranian parliamentary election.

Baseball
The New York Yankees, suffering from injuries to all their starting outfielders, purchased left fielder Rich Coggins from the Memphis Blues, the Montreal Expos' affiliate in the AAA International League. Mr. Coggins had been acquired by the Expos after the 1974 season in a trade with the Baltimore Orioles; he fell ill in spring training with a thyroid condition, and didn't play a regular season game until May. In 13 games with the Expos, Mr. Coggins batted .270 with no home runs and 4 runs batted in.

The Detroit Tigers scored 7 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and withstood a 6-run rally in the top of the 9th as they edged the New York Yankees 10-9 before 23,347 fans at Tiger Stadium. Every Detroit batter scored at least 1 run.

Jim Slaton piched a 6-hit shutout and Bobby Darwin hit his first home run since being acquired from the Minnesota Twins six days earlier as the Milwaukee Brewers blanked the Cleveland Indians 6-0 before 9,355 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.

Rookie second baseman Mike Cubbage hit a grand slam in the top of the 1st inning to give the Texas Rangers a 6-0 lead over the California Angels, but made an error on a ground ball by Jerry Remy with 2 out in the bottom of the 11th, allowing Rudy Meoli to score the winning run as the Angels edged the Rangers 12-11 before 12,101 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Mr. Cubbage's grand slam was his first major league hit, after going 0 for 17 to start his career. Texas scored 3 runs in the top of the 11th to break an 8-8 tie, but California came back with 4, the last 3 coming with 2 out.

Stan Bahnsen, making his first start since being acquired in a trade with the Chicago White Sox five days earlier, allowed 5 hits and 1 earned run in 7 1/3 innings to get the win as the Oakland Athletics defeated the Kansas City Royals 3-1 before 14,379 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

John Candelaria pitched a 4-hit complete game for his first major league win as the Pittsburgh Pirates defeted the New York Mets 5-1 before 47,867 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Lou Brock batted 4 for 5 with 3 doubles, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in to lead the St. Louis Cardinals over the Chicago Cubs 8-3 before 25,841 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium n St. Louis.

The Cincinnati Reds scored 6 runs in the 5th inning as they defeated the Houston Astros 7-3 before 19,357 fans at the Astrodome. Cesar Geronimo's 3-run home run was the big blow for Cincinnati. Tom Carroll, recently recalled from the Indianapolis Indians of the American Association, allowed 5 hits and 3 earned runs in 6 1/3 innings to get his first major league win of the season.

Brent Strom pitched a 4-hit complete game for his first win of the season as the San Diego Padres edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-1 before 22,822 fans at San Diego Stadium. Losing pitcher Don Sutton allowed 4 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 innings, falling to 11-6 for the season.

Wayne Simpson pitched a 7-inning no-hitter, facing just 23 batters and throwing just 68 pitches, as the Toledo Mud Hens blanked the Syracuse Chiefs 3-0 in the first game of an International League doubleheader before 2,069 fans at MacArthur Stadium in Syracuse. In the second game, the Chiefs scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 7th to tie the game, and a run in the bottom of the 8th to win 5-4, as relief pitcher Ron Guidry was credited with the win.

Frank LaCorte and Pablo Torrealba combined to pitch a 3-hitter and Mr. LaCorte singled and scored the game's only run in the 6th inning as the Richmond Braves edged the Memphis Blues 1-0 in the first game of an International League doubleheader. Joe Keener pitched a 2-hitter and Dan Monzon hit a home run for the game's only run as Memphis won the second game 1-0.

The Tidewater Tides swept an International League doubleheader from the Charleston Charlies 3-1 and 3-1. Craig Swan pitched a 5-hitter to win the first game, while Nardi Contreras and Ken Sanders combined on another 5-hitter for the Tides in the second game.

Butch Metzger pitched a 5-hit shutout and struck out 9 batters, while Bob Davis batted 4 for 4 as the Hawaii Islanders routed the Tacoma Twins 13-0 in a Pacific Coast League game at Honolulu Stadium.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
Canada's top 17
1 Everybody Wants to Rule the World--Tears for Fears
2 Angel--Madona
3 A View to a Kill--Duran Duran
4 Would I Lie to You?--Eurythmics
5 Raspberry Beret--Prince and the Revolution
6 Black Cars--Gino Vannelli
7 In My House--Mary Jane Girls
8 Axel F--Harold Faltermeyer
9 The Search is Over--Survivor
10 Things Can Only Get Better--Howard Jones
11 Walking on Sunshine--Katrina and the Waves
12 Sussudio--Phil Collins
13 The Goonies 'R Good Enough--Cyndi Lauper
14 If You Love Somebody Set Them Free--Sting
15 Never Surrender--Corey Hart
16 Strange Animal--Gowan
17 Tough All Over--John Cafferty and the Beaver Brown Band

Politics and government
Quebec Premier René Lévesque announced in Montreal that he would resign as leader of the Parti Quebecois after nine years as Premier, with a new leader to be chosen at a convention on September 29.

Boxing
Mike Tyson (4-0) knocked down Ricardo Spain (1-1) twice and scored a technical knockout just 39 seconds into their heavyweight bout at Resorts International in Atlantic City.

Baseball
Reggie Jackson’s 513th career major league home run led the California Angels to a 4-0 win over the Cleveland Indians and moved him past Eddie Mathews and Ernie Banks into 10th place on the career list. Ron Romanick pitched a 4-hit shutout for the Angels before 6,346 fans at Cleveland Stadium.

Lou Whitaker scored on a wild pitch by Mike Armstrong with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Detroit Tigers a 10-9 win over the New York Yankees before 36,565 fans at Tiger Stadium. The Tigers scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th to tie the game, after the Yankees had scored 2 in tht top of the 9th to take a 9-6 lead.

Kirby Puckett batted 4 for 6 with a triple and 4 runs batted in as the Minnesota Twins defeated the Kansas City Royals 11-8 before 31,461 fans at Royals Stadium.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Om--Niklas Strömstedt

Space
Asteroid Eureka, a Mars trojan, was discovered by David H. Levy and Henry Holt.

World events
Recently-released South African Communist terrorist Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie arrived in New York to begin a tour of the United States, and were given a ticker-tape parade up Broadway to City Hall, where a big rally was held.

Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush announced that he was breaking off the diplomatic dialogue with the Palestine Liberation Organization that had begun in December 1988 after PLO leader Yasser Arafat had renounced terrorism. However, Mr. Arafat and the PLO had failed to condemn an unsuccessful speedboat raid on Israel on May 30 that had apparently been the work of a radical PLO faction. The PLO executive committee complained about Mr. Bush’s decision, while Israel hailed it.

Economics and finance
British Chancellor of the Exchequer John Major proposed a new European currency which would circulate alongside existing national currencies.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney said that Manitoba had an "obligation to Canada" to approve the Meech Lake constitutional accord, and demanded that Manitoba Premier Gary Filmon and provincial opposition leaders "ensure that that be done." In other words, Mr. Mulroney threatened to hold his breath until he turned blue unless he got his way. Meanwhile, New Democratic Party MLA Elijah Harper delayed the Manitoba Legislature vote on the accord beyond the June 24 deadline in order to have it discussed in public hearings.

Health
At the 6th International AIDS Conference in San Francisco, Luc Montagnier of France, co-discoverer of the AIDS virus, said he believed that a second microbe was also responsible, and that patients would not become ill until they had become infected with it as well. It was reported that AIDS was continuing to spread in the United States, especially among teenagers, women whose sexual partners used intravenous drugs, and users of crack cocaine.

20 years ago
1995


War
Negotiators in Grozny agreed to a three-day cease-fire between government troops and rebel forces in Chechnya.

A U.S. military court acquitted U.S. Air Force Captain James Wang of dereliction of duty in connection with the downing of two U.S. Army helicopters over Iraq in April 1994. Captain Wang had been the senior director of an AWACS plane flying in the vicinity of the helicopters. The crew of the radar plane railed to warn two U.S. jets that the helicopters were friendly. Missiles fired from teh jets downed both helicopters, which the crews of the jets believed to be Iraqi aircraft in a no-fly zone, killing all 26 aboard. Capt. Wang said that he thought the helicopters had landed. Capt. Wang, the only person to be prosecuted, said after his acquittal that the Air Force should investigate the incident further.

Environment
Shell Oil caved in to international pressure and abandoned plans to dump the Brent Spar oil rig at sea.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
New Jersey 4 @ Detroit 2 (New Jersey led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Scott Niedermayer, Jim Dowd, and Stephane Richer scored in the 3rd period for the Devils as they overcame a 2-1 deficit to beat the Red Wings at Joe Louis Arena.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Jack Kilby, 81
. U.S. physicist and engineer. Mr. Kilby was awarded a share of the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit."

Larry Collins, 75. U.S. author. Mr. Collins was known for his collaboration with Dominique Lapierre on non-fiction books such as Is Paris Burning? (1965); O Jerusalem! (1972); and Freedom at Midnight (1975), and novels such as The Fifth Horseman (1981) and Is New York Burning? (2005).

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