Monday, 22 June 2015

June 22, 2015

200 years ago

Politics and government
French Emperor Napoleon I abdicated his throne for the second time after his defeat in the Battle of Waterloo four days earlier.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Aleksander Warma
. Prime Minister of Estonia in exile, 1963-1970. Mr. Warma held several administrative positions in the Estonian government before and after the 1940 takeover of Estonia by the U.S.S.R. He died in Stockholm on December 23, 1970 at the age of 80.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Cornelius Warmerdam
. U.S. pole vaulter. "Dutch" Warmerdam set a world record iof 4.60 metres on June 29, 1940, and bettered that in 1942 with a jump of 4.77 metres. He held the record until 1957. Mr. Warmerdam died on November 13, 2001 at the age of 86.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Edwin F. Ladd, 65
. U.S. politician. Mr. Ladd, a Republican, represented North Dakota in the United States Senate from 1921 until his death. His Senate seat was filled five months later by Gerald Nye.

80 years ago

A meeting in Ottawa between Canadian Prime Minister R. B. Bennett and his cabinet and 11 representatives of the 2,000 unemployed On to Ottawa trekkers ended with no agreement, but a warning from Mr. Bennett to the protesters, led by Arthur "Slim" Evans, not to engage in illegal activities. The protesters were allowed to return to Regina, where Mr. Bennett had ordered the trek be stopped.

75 years ago

German officials read the terms of the proposed armistice with France to French representatives at Compiegne, in the same railroad car in which the Germans had signed the armistice ending hostilities in World War I in November 1918.

Japan demanded that the French government close the Indochina frontier with China and permit a Japanese control commission to supervise the application of this regulation on the scene.

A Gallup Poll reported that 67% of Americans favoured universal military training.

Politics and government
Thomas Dewey, Robert Taft, and Wendell Willkie--all candidates for the 1940 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States--arrived at the Republican National Convention in Philadelphia and began meeting with delegates.

Track and field
The University of Southern California won the NCAA championship in Minneapolis for the sixth year in a row.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 7 runs in the 6th inning to defeat the Boston Bees 8-2 before 4,441 fans at National League Park in Boston. The Bees made 8 errors, 3 in the 6th inning.

Elbie Fletcher hit 2 home runs and Vince DiMaggio added another as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 7-2 before 10,850 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

Harlond Clift hit a grand slam and Johnny Berardino hit 2 home runs, including a 3-run blast, but it wasn’t enough as the St. Louis Browns lost 11-10 to the Washington Nationals before 1,869 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

70 years ago

Australian troops participating in the invasion of Borneo captured the oil refinery at Lutong on the island's west coast and Seria oil fields on the north coast. Chinese troops in the province of Kwangsi entered the city of Luchow, while other units attacked the nearby former U.S. airbase.

World events
The government of Czechoslovakia seized more than 270,000 farms and corporations of Germans, Hungarians, and "traitors and Nazi collaborationists."

The British government of Prime Minister Winston Churchill issued a statement saying that its intervention in the Levant was only to halt events that threatened the Allied war effort.

Argentine newspapers began printing news cabled from the United States, in line with the government's promise not to interfere with incoming or outgoing news.

60 years ago

Cable ships began laying a new transatlantic telephone cable at Clarenville, Newfoundland.

50 years ago

At the movies
What's New Pussycat?, written by Woody Allen and co-starring Mr. Allen, Peter O'Toole, and Peter Sellers, opened in theatres. It was Mr. Allen's first film.

Died on this date
David O. Selznick, 63
. U.S. movie producer. Mr. Selznick worked at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Paramount, and RKO studios before forming his own studio. Among the many notable films he produced were Gone with the Wind (1939) and Rebecca (1940), both of which won the Academy Award for Best Picture. Mr. Selznick died after a series of heart attacks.

The Beatles continued their European tour with two shows at Palais d'Hiver in Lyon.

Japan and South Korea signed an amity treaty, the result of 14 years of intermittent negotiations.

40 years ago

Died on this date
Bob Foxx, 56 or 57
. U.S. football and baseball player. Mr. Foxx was a halfback with the University of Tennessee Volunteers from 1938-1940, when the team lost just 2 of 33 games and played in three bowl games. He was signed by the New York Giants in 1941, and played as an outfielder that season with the Clinton Giants of the Class B Illinois-Indiana-Iowa League, batting .307 with 3 home runs in 48 games before being promoted to the Jersey City Giants of the International League, where he hit .222 with no home runs and 7 runs batted in in 34 games. Mr. Foxx served as an assistant football coach with the University of Tennessee in 1941 and then joined the United States Navy and became a pilot in World War II. He remained with the Navy until 1954, when he received a medical discharge because of a muscular ailment.

Alice Cooper performed at the Pacific Coliseum in Vancouver as part of his Welcome to My Nightmare tour, but suffered cracked ribs and split his head open in an accidental fall from the stage.

Lou Graham and John Mahaffey were tied for the lead after the fourth round of the U.S. Open at Medinah Country Club in Medinah, Illinois, necessitating an 18-hole playoff the following day.

Steve Rogers pitched a 7-hit shutout and hit 2 singles, scoring a run and driving in 2 more, as the Montreal Expos blanked the Philadelphia Phillies 4-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 31,119 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. The Phillies scored 2 runs in the 9th inning to win the second game 4-3. Greg Luzinski hit a home run to lead off the inning, Tommy Hutton followed with a single, and after two outs were made, pinch hitter Tony Taylor doubled home Mr. Hutton with the winning run.

Ed Figueroa pitched a 2-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Ferguson Jenkins and the California Angels scored an unearned run in the 4th inning to defeat the Texas Rangers 1-0 before 8,598 fans at Anaheim Stadium in a game that ws played in 1 hour and 59 minutes.

Mike Cuellar pitched a 6-hit shutout to win a pitchers' duel over Rick Wise as the Baltimore Orioles blanked the Boston Red Sox 3-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 29,242 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Luis Tiant pitched a 7-hit complete game and struck out 12 as the Red Sox won the second game 5-1.

Relief pitcher Ed Rodriguez hit Rico Carty with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning, forcing in John Lowenstein with the winning run as the Cleveland Indians edged the Milwaukee Brewers 3-2 before 25,229 fans at Municipal Stadium.

Bob Coluccio doubled home Lee Richard with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Chicago White Sox a 6-5 win over the Minnesota Twins in the first game of a doubleheader before 23,299 fans at White Sox Park. Jesse Jefferson and Cecil Upshaw combined to allow just 2 hits as the White Sox won 9-2 in the second game to complete the sweep. Mr. Jefferson, making his first appearance with Chicago since being acquired in a trade with the Baltimore Orioles a week earlier, allowed 1 hit in 5 2/3 innings for his first win of the season. He left the game because of an arm injury, and was relieved by Mr. Upshaw, who allowed just 1 hit--a solo home run by Johnny Briggs--in 3 1/3 innings to get his first save of the season. Deron Johnaon, Buddy Bradford, and Mr. Coluccio homered for the White Sox.

Sal Bando doubled in 2 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 12th inning as the Oakland Athletics edged the Kansas City Royals 7-6 in the first game of a doubleheader before 29,698 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Dick Bosman pitched a 5-hit complete game as the Athletics completed the sweep by winning the second game 8-1.

The Wichita Aeros amassed 19 hits as they routed the Oklahoma City 89ers 17-1 in an American Association game. Ron Matney, Chris Ward, and Jim Tyrone hit home runs for Wichita, while Eddie Solomon pitched a 7-hit complete game victory.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): We are the World--USA for Africa (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): 19--Paul Hardcastle (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Dancing in the Dark--Bruce Springsteen

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): You'll Never Walk Alone--The Crowd

#1 single in the U.K.: You'll Never Walk Alone--The Crowd (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Heaven--Bryan Adams

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Heaven--Bryan Adams
2 Everybody Wants to Rule the World--Tears for Fears
3 Sussudio--Phil Collins
4 Suddenly--Billy Ocean
5 In My House--Mary Jane Girls
6 A View to a Kill--Duran Duran
7 Things Can Only Get Better--Howard Jones
8 Angel--Madonna
9 Walking On Sunshine--Katrina and the Waves
10 Raspberry Beret--Prince and the Revolution

Singles entering the chart were Freeway of Love by Aretha Franklin (#47); Like a Surgeon by "Weird Al" Yankovic (#74); Your Love is King by Sade (#79); Willie and the Hand Jive by George Thorogood and the Destroyers (#84); Burning Flame by Vitamin Z (#88); Frankie by Sister Sledge (#89); and When Your Heart is Weak by Cock Robin (#90). Like a Surgeon was a spoof of Like a Virgin, which had recently been a hit for Madonna.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Everything She Wants--Wham! (2nd week at #1)
2 Everybody Wants to Rule the World--Tears for Fears
3 Walking On Sunshine--Katrina and the Waves
4 A View to a Kill--Duran Duran
5 Angel--Madonna
6 Black Cars--Gino Vannelli
7 Suddenly--Billy Ocean
8 Axel F--Harold Faltermeyer
9 Things Can Only Get Better--Howard Jones
10 Would I Lie to You?--Eurythmics

Singles entering the chart were Get it On (Bang a Gong) by Power Station (#69); Make it Better (Forget About Me) by Tom Petty (#84); (Closest Thing To) Perfect by Jermaine Jackson (#86); Slave to Love by Bryan Ferry (#91); Take No Prisoners by Peabo Bryson (#92); Black Man Ray by China Crisis (#93); You Spin Me Around (Like a Record) by Dead or Alive (#95); and Call Me by Go West (#96).

Carney Lansford hit a 2-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Oakland Athletics a 6-4 win over the Cleveland Indians before 16,740 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

The St. Louis Cardinals edged the Chicago Cubs 2-1 before 49,231 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis as Curt Ford, in his first major league at bat, came up as a pinch hitter with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning and singled in Ozzie Smith the winning run. It was the Cubs’ 11th straight loss, and the Cardinals passed them to take over first place in the National League East Division.

Second baseman Wally Backman's error on a ground ball by Terry Francona with 1 out in the top of the 10th inning allowed Dan Driessen to score the winning run as the Montreal Expos edged the New York Mets 5-4 before 51,513 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. The Expos scored single runs in each of the 8th and 9th innings to tie the game. The Mets scored all their runs in the 7th inning, with 3 runs scoring on pinch hitter Rusty Staub's only home run of the season, and the 292nd and last of his 23-year major league career.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Verdammt, Ich Lieb' Dich--Matthias Reim (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Ilya Frank, 81
. U.S.S.R. physicist. Dr. Frank shared the 1958 Nobel Prize in Physics with fellow Soviets Pavel Cherenkov and Igor Tamm "for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect," electromagnetic radiation emitted when a charged particle (such as an electron) passes through a dielectric medium at a speed greater than the phase velocity of light in that medium.

Ross Munro, 76. Canadian journalist. Mr. Munro was the lead correspondent for Canadian Press during World War II, and later served as publisher of the Vancouver Province, Winnipeg Tribune, and Edmonton Journal.

World events
Checkpoint Charlie, the best-known crossing point in the Berlin Wall between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War, was dismantled.

Politics and government
Canadian Intergovernmental Affairs Minister Lowell Murray announced that the federal government was prepared to extend the deadline for Manitoba to approve the Meech Lake constitutional accord, but only if Newfoundland approved the accord that day. Newfoundland Premier Clyde Wells reacted by indefinitely postponing a ratification vote, saying that Newfoundland would rather avoid a vote than submit to the federal government’s tactics. Mr. Wells told the Newfoundland House of Assembly, "That’s the final manipulation. We’re not prepared to be manipulated any longer." Mr. Murray then announced that Mr. Wells had "killed the last hope" for approval of the accord, and declared the deal dead. Prime Minister Brian Mulroney flew to St. John's to address the Newfoundland Assembly, with the Meech Lake vote scheduled for the next day, but he did not extend the deadline. In Winnipeg, New Democratic Party member of the Legislative Assembly Elijah Harper refused the unanimous agreement the Manitoba Legislature needed in order to extend its own debate.

The Atlanta Braves, in last place in the National League West Division with a record of 25-40, fired Russ Nixon as manager and replaced him with former Toronto Blue Jays’ manager Bobby Cox.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): This Ain't a Love Song--Bon Jovi (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
British Prime Minister John Major, saying that he wanted to put an end to "phony threats" to his leadership, announced his resignation as leader of the Conservative Party, and set July 4 as the date for the election of a new party leader.

Two days of attempts to shut off debate in the United States Senate on the nomination of Dr. Henry Foster as Surgeon General of the United States failed, with the Senate voting 57-43 in favour of imposing cloture, 3 votes short of the number required. Dr. Foster, who had been nominated by President Bill Clinton, was opposed by opponents of abortion. As a result of his failure to gain Senate approval, Dr. Foster abandoned his candidacy.

California Governor Pete Wilson, appearing on the CNN interview show Larry King Live, formally announced that he was seeking the 1996 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 4,589.64, a record high.

Country Music Television network acquired a minority stake in the Calgary-based cable channel New Country Network.

Stanley Cup
Detroit 2 @ New Jersey 5 (New Jersey led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Bruce Driver, Claude Lemieux, Neal Broten, Randy McKay and Bobby Holik scored for the Devils as they easily beat the Red Wings in the first Stanley Cup final game ever played at Brendan Byrne Arena in East Rutherford. Sergei Fedorov and Steve Yzerman scored powerplay goals for Detroit in the last 3:03 of regulation time to ruin Martin Brodeur's bid for a shutout.

Memphis (1-1) 28 @ Ottawa (0-2) 21
Hamilton (1-1) 23 @ Winnipeg (2-0) 30
Edmonton (1-1) 34 @ Calgary (1-1) 42 (OT)

10 years ago

Hamilton (0-1) 21 @ Montreal (1-0) 31

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