Wednesday, 3 August 2016

August 3, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Inka!

140 years ago
1876


Communications
Alexander Graham Bell conducted the world's first definitive telephone tests, and made the first intelligible telephone call from building to building, at Mount Pleasant, near Brantford, Ontario. In a one-way transmission, he heard his uncle David Bell recite Hamlet's "to be or not to be..."

120 years ago
1896


Died on this date
Philip Abbot
. Canadian mountaineer. Mr. Abbot was climbing Mount Lefroy in Alberta when he slipped on rocks and plunged to his death, becoming the first peron to die in a mountaineering accident in Canada.

100 years ago
1916


Died on this date
Roger Casement, 51
. Irish nationalist and U.K. diplomat. Mr. Casement was known for exposing human rights abuses in Congo and Peru before supporting the cause of Irish nationalism. He was hanged at Pentonville Prison in London 29 days before his 52nd birthday, five weeks after being convicted of treason for his part in the Easter Rising.

80 years ago
1936


Disasters
A fire wiped out the community of Kursha-2 in the Meshchera Lowlands, Ryazan Oblast, Russia, killing 1,200, and leaving only 20 survivors.

Olympics
Jesse Owens, a Negro from the United States, won the first of 4 gold medals at the Berlin Olympics, this one in the men's 100-meter run, damaging Nazi Germany's ideas of Aryan racial superiority.

75 years ago
1941


War
Several hundred British planes bombed Berlin, Hamburg, and Kiel during the night of August 2-3. Saigon dispatches reported that Australian and Indian troops were massing on the Malayan-Thai border and that strong Thai forces were concentrating on the Indochinese frontier as Japanese troops moved into Cambodia.

Diplomacy
U.S. special envoy Harry Hopkins returned by plane to London from Moscow. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt embarked at New London, Connecticut for what was described as a cruise, but actually for the Argentia conference with U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Economics and finance
Japanese ships in American harbours were allowed to sail for home after surrendering $4 million worth of silk as a bond for importers' claims.

Gasoline filling stations along the Eastern seaboard of the United States stopped selling gas at 7 P.M., with only isolated instances of refusal to comply.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (11th week at #1)

War
Chinese Communist sources said that the Nationalist government had begun an offensive in the province of Shantung south of Peking.

Americana
Santa Claus Land, the world's first themed amusement park, opened in Santa Claus, Indiana.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman announced that the budget deficit for fiscal 1947 would be reduced to $1.9 billion because of increased revenues.

Agriculture
Canada helped the United Kingdom during postwar shortages by agreeing to supply large amounts of Canadian wheat at below world prices.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Why Do Fools Fall in Love--Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Egypt rejected the Western invitation to a conference on international operation of teh Suez Canal.

Defense
Queen Elizabeth II signed a proclamation of "great emergency," and empowered the British government to recall reservists for active service in the Suez crisis.

Americana
U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower signed a bill changing the name of Bedloe Island in New York Harbor--site of the Statue of Liberty--to Liberty Island.

Transportation
U.S. President Eisenhower established the office of Federal Highway Administrator to carry out the $33-billion national road construction program.

Politics and government
U.S. President Eisenhower named Dr. Leroy Burney to succeed Dr. Leonard Scheele as Surgeon General of the U.S. Public Health Service.

50 years ago
1966


Died on this date
René Schick Gutiérrez, 56
. President of Nicaragua, 1963-1966. Mr. Schick was regarded as a puppet of his immediate predecessor, Luis Somoza. Mr. Schick died of a heart attack and was succeeded as President by Lorenzo Guerrero Gutiérrez.

Lenny Bruce, 42. U.S. comedian. Mr. Bruce, born Leonard Schneider, was known for using foul language in order to challenge community and legal standards of obscenity. Drug use destroyed his career and his life, and he died of an overdose.

Football
CFL
Montreal (0-1) 8 @ Ottawa (1-0) 10
British Columbia (1-0) 21 @ Calgary (0-1) 3

Joe Poirier's interception set up the winning touchdown on a pass from Russ Jackson to Whit Tucker in the 4th quarter as the Rough Riders edged the Alouettes before 19,599 fans at Lansdowne Park in the first regular season game for Darrell Mudra as Montreal head coach. Quarterback Bernie Faloney rushed 4 yards for the Montreal TD in the 3rd quarter. Ralph Goldston made CFL history as the first Negro to coach in a CFL game, as one of Mr. Mudra's assistants.

Willie Fleming and Bill Munsey scored touchdowns for the Lions as they beat the Stampeders before 19,536 fans at McMahon Stadium in a game that was hit by a thunderstorm in the 2nd half. Bill Mitchell, playing his first game with B.C., kicked 2 converts, a field goal, and a single. Calgary fullback Lovell Coleman rushed for 128 yards.

40 years ago
1976


Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-1) 29 @ Ottawa (2-1) 16
Calgary (0-2-1) 3 @ Winnipeg (1-2) 49

Jim Washington scored 2 touchdowns as the Blue Bombers routed the Stampeders before 20,438 fans at Winnipeg Stadium.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Sailing Away--All of Us (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Lessons in Love--Level 42

Baseball
Willie McCovey, Bobby Doerr, and Ernie Lombardi were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Say Yes--Chage and Aska

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Rapput (Senza Fiato)--Claudio Bisio; Rocco Tanica (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)--La Zoubida--Lagaf' (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Driver's Seat--Sniff 'n' the Tears (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
2 Right Here, Right Now--Jesus Jones
3 P.A.S.S.I.O.N.--Rythm Syndicate
4 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
5 Unbelievable—EMF
6 Place in this World--Michael W. Smith
7 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
8 Rush, Rush--Paula Abdul
9 Temptation--Corina
10 It Ain't Over 'Til It's Over--Lenny Kravitz

Singles entering the chart were There She Goes by the La's (#64); Got a Love for You by Jomanda (#75); The Truth by Tami Show (#81); Silver Thunderbird by Marc Cohn (#84); Don't Want to Be a Fool by Luther Vandross (#87); Power Windows by Billy Falcon (#88); Hey Stoopid by Alice Cooper (#89); and Latin Active by Lighter Shade of Brown (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
2 Rush, Rush—Paula Abdul
3 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
4 It Ain't Over 'Til It's Over--Lenny Kravitz
5 More than Words—Extreme
6 Superman's Song--Crash Test Dummies
7 Something to Talk About--Bonnie Raitt
8 A Better Love--Londonbeat
9 The Rhythm of Your Love--Glass Tiger
10 Crazy--Seal

Singles entering the chart were It Hit Me Like a Hammer by Huey Lewis and the News (#40); I am Here by the Grapes of Wrath (#61); Higher than Hope by Daryl Braithwaite (#78); Too Many Walls by Cathy Dennis (#86); Hard to Handle by the Black Crowes (#87); Things that Make You Go Hmmm... by C + C Music Factory (#89); Love You 'Til it Hurts by Chrissy Steele (#90); D for Democracy by Spirit of the West (#95); Temptation by Corina (#97); and Smokestack Lightning by Lynyrd Skynyrd 1991.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Macarena--Los del Río (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Wannabe--Spice Girls

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Wannabe--Spice Girls (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton (4th week at #1)
2 You Learn/You Oughta Know--Alanis Morisette
3 How Do You Want It/California Love--2Pac (featuring KC and JoJo)/(featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman)
4 I Can't Sleep (If I)--R. Kelly
5 Twisted--Keith Sweat
6 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
7 Change the World--Eric Clapton
8 C'mon n' Ride It (The Train)--Quad City DJ’s
9 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
10 Who Will Save Your Soul--Jewel

Singles entering the chart were You Oughta Know; Change the World; Elevators (Me & You) by Outkast (#35); Stupid Girl by Garbage (#37); Don't Look Back in Anger by Oasis (#54); Like a Woman by Tony Rich (#70); Paparazzi by Xzibit (#83); Waiting for Wednesday by Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories (#84); Pepper by Butthole Surfers (#86); Baby Luv by Groove Theory (#88); Wishes by Nathan Morris (#89); and The Bizness/Stakes is High by De La Soul featuring Common Sense/De La Soul (#92).

Olympics
Robert Esmie, Glenroy Gilbert, Bruny Surin and Donovan Bailey (running in that order) won the gold medal in the men's 4 X 100 -metre relay race to crown Canada's performance at the Atlanta Summer Olympics.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (1-5) 2 @ Edmonton (4-2) 30

Danny McManus threw touchdown passes to Darren Flutie, Eddie Brown, and Nick Mazzoli as the Eskimos routed the Rough Riders before 25,773 fans on the first Armed Forces Night at Commonwealth Stadium. Mr. Brown caught 5 passes for 115 yards, while Eric Blount led the Edmonton rushing attack with 100 yards on 19 carries. The Edmonton defense recorded 8 quarterback sacks. The Rough Riders, playing their last game in Edmonton, opened the scoring on a single by Wayne Lammle on the opening kickoff.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Arthur Lee, 61
. U.S. musician. Mr. Lee, born Arthur Taylor, led the rock group Love, who had some regional success in southern California in the mid-1960s. Mr. Lee died of leukemia.

Vaughn Ingram; Bryce Keller; Christopher Reid; Kevin Dallaire. Canadian soldiers. Sergeant Ingram, Corporals Keller and Reid, and Private Dallaire were serving with Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry in Afghanistan when they were killed by a Taliban ambush.

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