Monday, 29 August 2016

August 29, 2016

490 years ago

Ottoman Empire troops commanded by Sultan Suleiman I "the Magnificent" defeated Hungarian troops commanded by King Louis II in the Battle of Mohács in Hungary.

475 years ago

Ottoman Turkish forces captured the Hungarian capital of Buda.

260 years ago

Prussian troops led by Emperor Frederick II "the Great" attacked Saxony, beginning the Seven Years' War.

230 years ago

Shays' Rebellion--an insurrection against the state government of Massachusetts--began.

130 years ago

Born on this date
May and Marjorie Chavasse
. U.K. twins. The sisters both lived long enough to celebrate their 100th birthday.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Marquis James
. U.S. historian. Mr. James won Pulitzer Prizes for The Raven: A Biography of Sam Houston (1929) and the two-volume biography Andrew Jackson: The Border Captain (1934); Andrew Jackson: Portrait of a President (1937). He died of a cerebral hemorrhage on Novmber 19, 1955 at the age of 64.

Died on this date
Pierre Lallement, 47
. French inventor. Mr. Lallement has been credited inventing the pedal bicycle in 1862.

110 years ago

Jimmy Dygert pitched 3 hitless innings and Rube Waddell followed with 2 hitless innings for the Philadelphia Athletics as they beat the Chicago White Sox 4-3 at Columbia Park in Philadelphia in a game that was called after 5 innings.

100 years ago

Born on this date
George Montgomery
. U.S. actor. Mr. Montgomery, born George Montgomery Letz, was a stuntman before becoming a film and television actor, mainly in Westerns. He starred in the television series Cimarron City (1958-1959). Mr. Montgomery was skilled with his hands, and became a successful sculptor and furniture maker. He died on December 12, 2000 at the age of 84.

Luther Davis. U.S. playwright and screenwriter. Mr. Davis was best known for writing the musical play Kismet (1954), for which he won a Tony Award. He died on July 29, 2008 at the age of 91.

Politics and government
The United States passed the Philippine Autonomy Act, aka the Jones Law, creating the first fully elected Philippine legislature.

80 years ago

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: A Scandal in Bohemia

Died on this date
Charles Napier Bell
. Canadian historian. Mr. Bell wrote several books on Manitoba history, and was president of the Historical and Scientific Society of Manitoba.

75 years ago

The Estonian capital of Tallinn was occupied by German forces, three days after they had entered the city. The German and Italian governments announced that German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler and Italian Duce Benito Mussolini had concluded five days of talks at Mr. Hitler's headquarters on the Russian front, discussing military and political questions that affected the war. Despite an Iranian cease-fire order, U.K.-U.S.S.R. forces continued their advance in Iran. A Chinese government spokesman said that Chinese troops had begun a general offensive against Japanese forces in the provinces of Fukien, Chekiang, Kiangsi, Kiangsu, and Anhwei.

World events
Eight more people were executed in Paris, three on charges of espionage and five for "activity against the occupying power."

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that Averell Harriman would head the U.S. mission to the three-power conference in Moscow.

An Argentine Chamber of Deputies committee investigating anti-Argentine activities reported that there were 64,319 Germans in semi-military groups in the country, organized by the German embassy.

U.S. Maritime Commission Chairman Emory Land said that the United States would obtain the use of about 26 Axis tankers immobilized in Latin America.

The U.S. Veterans of Foreign Wars announced that Earl Southard, suspended commander of the Illinois department, had been found guilty of disloyalty by a court-martial for his activities in the Keep America Out of War Committee.

Politics and government
Lieutenant-Colonel W. C. Woodward was commissioned as Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

Republican Party candidate Lawrence H. Smith, an isolationist, was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in Wisconsin's 1st Congressional District, defeating Democratic candidate Thomas Amlie.

The U.S. National Defense Mediation Board announced that the Congress of Industrial Organizations Chemical Workers Union had agreed to end its strike in 17 plants of the U.S. Gypsum Company pending an investigation of union demands.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Adolphus Busch III, 55
. U.S. brewer. Mr. Busch succeeded his father Augustus A. Busch as president of Anheuser-Busch Company upon Augustus Busch's death in 1934. Adolphus Busch III ran the company until his death from a cerebral hemorrhage, and was succeeded in turn by his brother August A. "Gussie" Busch, Jr.

Documents were introduced at the Tokyo trial of accused Japanese war criminals to show that Japanese troops had killed 280,000 Chinese in the 1937 "rape of Nanking."

Nationalist Chinese forces reported the capture of Chengte, a key transport junction northeast of Peking.

The United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 8 to admit Afghanistan, Iceland, and Sweden to UN membership, while a U.S.S.R. veto excluded Ireland, Portugal, and Transjordan.

The British government of Prime Minister Clement Attlee revealed that it had decided against inviting Jamal Amin el Husseini, Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, to a September 9 conference in London on Palestine.

Politics and government
Colonel C. A. Banks was commissioned as Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

U.S. Army intelligence authorities in Stuttgart announced that they had broken a pro-Soviet German spy ring.

The United States Navy dreadnought USS Nevada, launched in 1914, was decommissioned.

Pennsylvania Governor Edward Martin ordered state police to probe Ku Klux Klan activities, and asked the U.S. Justice Department for the assistance of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur banned strikes of Japanese workers "inimical to the objectives of the military occupation."

60 years ago

Egypt charged an alleged British spy ring with plotting the overthrow of the government of Egyptian President Gamal Nasser.

After conferring with Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower issued a statement urging "peaceful solution" of the Suez Canal dispute in line with the U.S. proposal presented at the London conference.

The United Kingdom agreed to the temporary stationing of a contingent of French troops in Cyprus to ensure "the protection of French nationals and their interests in the western Mediterranean."

Mobs demonstrated in Clinton, Tennessees and Mansfield, Texas against admission of Negro students to previously all-white high schools at the beginning of the new school term.

Hamilton (1-1) 18 @ Toronto (0-2) 0

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Un Sorbito De Champán--Los Brincos

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Yellow Submarine--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 See You in September--The Happenings
2 Sunny--Bobby Hebb
3 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
4 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
5 This Door Swings Both Ways--Herman's Hermits
6 I Couldn't Live Without Your Love--Petula Clark
7 Bus Stop--The Hollies
8 Sweet Dreams--Tommy McLain
9 Wouldn't it Be Nice--The Beach Boys
10 Sunshine Superman--Donovan

Singles entering the chart were What Becomes of the Brokenhearted by Jimmy Ruffin (#82); Cherry, Cherry by Neil Diamond (#88); Beauty is Only Skin Deep by the Temptations (#89); Cherish by the Association (#90); Mind Excursion by the Trade Winds (#91); Don't Cry for Me, Babe by Marti Shannon (#92); Ashes to Ashes by the Mindbenders (#93); Nowadays Clancy Can't Even Sing by Buffalo Springfield (#94); Little Darling, I Need You by Marvin Gaye (#97); Lover Lover by The Quid-Eagle (#98); All Strung Out by Nino Tempo & April Stevens (#99); and We'll Be United by the Intruders (#100).

Died on this date
Sayyid Qutb, 59
. Egyptian author. Mr. Qutb, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, wrote 24 books, and was best known for works on the social and political role of Islam. He was hanged for plotting the overthrow of the government of President Gamal Abdel Nasser.

The Beatles concluded their final concert tour with a performance before 25,000 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. It proved to be their final concert.

40 years ago

The Trois-Rivières, Québec station CHEM-TV began broadcasting.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Holiday Rap--MC Miker G & Deejay Sven (2nd week at #1)

Toronto (6-3) 29 @ Ottawa (2-7) 12

Joe Carter hit 3 home runs and 2 singles in 5 at bats to lead the Cleveland Indians to a 7-3 win over the Boston Red Sox before 34,004 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

The Toronto Blue Jays scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Minnesota Twins 6-5 before 38,241 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.

Ted Higuera pitched a 6-hit complete game victory to improve his record for the season to 17-8 as the Milwaukee Brewers defeated the Kansas City Royals 3-1 before 25,997 fans at Royals Stadium. Losing pitcher Dennis Leonard allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs in 8 innings, dropping to 6-11.

Juan Espino singled home Dave Winfield with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 12-12 tie and give the New York Yankees a 13-12 win over the Seattle Mariners before 14,211 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. The Yankees led 5-0 after 1 1/2 innings, but the Mariners scored 8 runs in the 2nd and 4 in the 4th before the Yankees replied with 6 in the 5th to reduce the deficit to 12-11. Rickey Henderson hit 2 home runs for New York, while Bob Kearney hit 2 homers for Seattle. Steve Yeager came to bat as a pinch hitter and flied out to right field to end the game; it was the 1,269th and final game of Mr. Yeager's 15-year major league career.

Mike Davis batted 4 for 4 with 2 solo home runs and 3 runs batted in to lead the Oakland Athletics to a 4-3 win over the Baltimore Orioles in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 12,222 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Dave Stewart pitched a 7-hit shutout to improve his 1986 record to 8-1 as the Athletics won the second game 4-0 to complete the sweep.

Dick Schofield's 2-out grand slam off Guillermo Hernandez ended the game as the California Angels scored 8 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Detroit Tigers 13-12 before 32,922 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

Bob Dernier's 3-run home run was the big blow of a 5-run 5th inning as the Chicago Cubs beat the Atlanta Braves 7-3 before 16,308 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.

Bob Ojeda pitched a 5-hit complete game without allowing an earned run as the New York Mets edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-1 before 45,667 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Mr. Ojeda improved his record for the season to 15-4, while Rick Honeycutt, who allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs in 6 1/3 innings, dropped to 9-9.

Bill Gullickson pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Danny Cox as the Cincinnati Reds blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 2-0 before 24,262 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Mr. Gullickson improved his 1986 record to 12-8, while Mr. Cox, who allowed just 6 hits and 1 earned run in pitching a complete game, fell to 8-11.
The only earned run was Buddy Bell's solo home run leading off the 6th inning.

Mike Scott allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 7 2/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Rick Reuschel as the Houston Astros edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 3-2 before 22,801 fans at the Astrodome. Mr. Scott improved to 14-9 for the season, while Mr. Reuschel dropped to 8-15.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Everything I Do (I Do it for You)--Bryan Adams (9th week at #1)

Died on this date
Libero Grassi, 67
. Italian businessman. Mr. Grassi was a clothing manufacturer from Palermo who was murdered by the Mafia after taking a solitary stand against their pizzo (extortion) demands.

Crowded House performed at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton. This blogger arrived in time to hear them, but missed the opening act, Far Cry.

Politics and government
The Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. suspended all activities of the Soviet Communist Party, officially bringing it to an end.

Manitoba's aboriginal justice inquiry said that the legal system systematically discriminated against Canadian natives, and recommended universal self-government and a separate justice system run by natives.

Hamilton (0-8) 14 @ Ottawa (4-4) 38

Damon Allen threw 3 touchdown passes and handed off to Reggie Barnes for another TD to lead the Rough Riders over the Tiger-Cats before 24,532 fans at Lansdowne Park for their fourth straight win.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Trash--Suede (2nd week at #1)

This blogger was in attendance with enjoyable female company as the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra's Symphony Under the Sky series opened at Hawrelak Park.

The Canadian UVAI (Ultra-Violet Auroral Imager) instrument was launched on board the Russian Interball-2 spacecraft.

The British Columbia Securities Commission founs former British Columbia Premier Bill Bennett guilty of insider trading committed when he was in office. Mr. Bennett was Premier from 1975-1986.

Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801, a Tupolev Tu-154, crashed into a mountain on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen, killing all 141 aboard.

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