Thursday, 11 August 2016

August 11, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Audrianna De Sousa!

230 years ago
1786


Britannica
Captain Francis Light established the British colony of Penang in Malaysia.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Johnny Claes
. U.K.-born Belgian auto racing driver. Mr. Claes participated in 25 Formula One races from 1950-1955, with best finishes of seventh in the Monaco Grand Prix in 1950 and the Belgian Grand Prix in 1951. He died of tuberculosis at the age of 39 on February 3, 1956.

War
The 4th Canadian Division arrived in France.

80 years ago
1936


Died on this date
Blas Infante Pérez de Vargas, 51
. Spanish historian and politician. Mr. Infante was known as the father of Andalusian nationalism. He was one of numerous political figures who were executed by the forces of Francisco Franco when they took over Seville early in the Spanish Civil War.

75 years ago
1941


War
The government of Ecuador announced that Peruvian forces had attacked the border town of Zapotillo in the Ecuadorian province of Loja on August 9 and 10, in violation of their truce.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, meeting aboard the U.S. cruiser Augusta at Argentia, Newfoundland, discussed war aims; they agreed on an eight-point freedom of the seas; self-determination; free trade; and postwar disarmament.

U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull said that the United States would discuss a restoration of amicable relations with Japan only if Japan adhered closely to international law.

Diplomatic sources in Ankara reported that Soviet dictator Josef Stalin had warned Iran that unless German agents in the country were expelled, the U.S.S.R. may send troops into Iran under the 1921 Soviet-Iranian treaty.

The Argentine Foreign Office received written promises from the German and British ambassadors to eliminate their propaganda in Argentina.

Defense
The Canadian government banned the use of silk in order to conserve wartime supplies for parachutes. U.S. President Roosevelt issued an executive order empowering the Federal Reserve Board to curb installment buying of consumer gooods made of needed defense materials.

Politics and government
A subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities offered the New York Labor Department evidence purporting to prove that Nancy Reed, dismissed on July 11 as an investigator for the department, had been a member of the Communist Party for years.

Economics and finance
The Japanese government applied four new imperial ordinances under the National Mobilization Act of 1938 to control minimum prices on the stock exchanges; regulate marine transport; appraise corporation-owned stocks; and fix prices for more than 7,000 articles.

Scandal
Richard Whitney, former president of the New York Stock Exchange, was released on parole from Sing Sing Prison after serving 40 months of his 5-10 years sentence for grand larceny.

70 years ago
1946


Politics and government
Communist Party leader Gustav Husak was named head of a new Slovakian cabinet in Czechoslovakia.

The Ecuadorian National Assembly re-elected Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra as President.

Energy
Albert Einstein and a group of nuclear researchers formed the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists to advance the peacetime uses of atomic energy.

Economics and finance
U.S. delegate Colonel Tyler Wood told the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Council in Geneva that the U.S.A. did not believe that the world food situation in 1974 would require "the vast machinery of UNRRA."

Labour
A Congress of Industrial Organizations United Radio, Electrical and Machine Workers regional convention in Pittsburgh passed a resolution calling for removal of Communist union officials.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Poor People of Paris--Les Baxter, his Chorus and Orchestra

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heimweh--Freddy Quinn (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): My Prayer/Heaven on Earth--The Platters (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); The Wayward Wind--Gogi Grant (Disc Jockey--8th week at #1); I Almost Lost My Mind--Pat Boone (Jukebox--3rd week at #1; Top 100--2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 My Prayer--The Platters (2nd week at #1)
2 Hound Dog--Elvis Presley
3 Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera)--Doris Day
4 The Flying Saucer (Parts 1 and 2)--Buchanan and Goodman
5 I Want You, I Need You, I Love You--Elvis Presley
6 I Almost Lost My Mind--Pat Boone
7 Allegheny Moon--Patti Page
8 The Wayward Wind--Gogi Grant
9 Be-Bop-A-Lula--Gene Vincent and the Blue Caps
10 Canadian Sunset--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra with Eddie Heywood
--Andy Williams

Singles entering the chart were the version of Canadian Sunset by Andy Williams; Don't Be Cruel by Elvis Presley (#29); Tonight You Belong to Me by Patience and Prudence (#38); Ka-Ding Dong by the G-Clefs (#42); The Italian Theme by Cyril Stapleton and his Orchestra (#44); Happiness Street, with versions by Georgia Gibbs and Tony Bennett (#46); Teenager's Mother (Are You Right?) by Bill Haley and his Comets (#48); and Heart Hideaway by Cathy Carr (#49). Don't Be Cruel was the other side of Hound Dog.

Died on this date
Jackson Pollock, 44
. U.S. artist. Mr. Pollock was a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement, and was known for creating his paintings by punching holes in a can of paint and letting it drip onto the canvas. He was driving drunk when he was killed in a car accident.

Politics and government
Former U.S. President Harry Truman endorsed New York Governor Averell Harriman as the Democratic Party's 1956 candidate for President of the United States.

Energy
California Institute of Technology physicist Hsue-Shen Tsien disclosed that a thermonuclear (hydrogen) power reactor could produce enough heat to generate five times as much electricity as the U.S. had produced by all conventional means in 1954.

Golf
Bruce Crampton won the Australian Open in Sydney.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): With a Girl Like You--The Troggs (2nd week at #1)

War
A peace accord was signed in Djakarta, ending the war between Malaysia and Indonesia.

40 years ago
1976


Sport
The Olympiad for the Physically Disabled, precursor to the Paralympics, closed in Etobicoke, Ontario. Canada placed fifth in the event, which included over 1,500 athletes from 38 countries.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (3-1) 27 @ Toronto (2-2) 16
British Columbia (2-2) 13 @ Calgary (0-3-1) 9

The Ottawa defense sacked Toronto starting quarterback Chuck Ealey 5 times as the Rough Riders defeated the Argonauts before an Exhibition Stadium crowd of 50,212, the largest crowd to yet attend a football game in Canada. It was the first CFL game for Toronto running back Anthony Davis, who had missed the first three games with injury after signing with the team in November 1975, following his first professional season with the Southern California Sun of the World Football League.

John Sciarra, who had quarterbacked the University of California at Los Angeles Bruins to victory in the 1976 Rose Bowl, rushed 5 yards for the Lions' only touchdown as they beat the Stampeders before 23,589 fans at McMahon Stadium.

Baseball
Rick Manning singled home Duane Kuiper with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Cleveland Indians a 4-3 win over the Chicago White Sox before a Cleveland Stadium crowd of 7,090, which included this blogger and his parents.

Pinch hitter Willie Horton hit a home run to lead off the bottom of the 9th inning, giving the Detroit Tigers a 4-3 win over the Texas Rangers before 36,523 fans at Tiger Stadium. Mark Fidrych pitched a complete game to improve his record for the season to 13-4, winning the pitchers' duel over Gaylord Perry, who also went the distance, dropping to 11-9.

Bill Singer pitched a 5-hit shutout and Dan Ford drive in both runs as the Minnesota Twins blanked the Baltimore Orioles 2-0 before 12,228 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Wayne Garland allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in 3 1/3 innings to drop to 13-3 for the season. Minnesota left fielder Larry Hisle had 4 singles in 4 at bats.

The Kansas City Royals scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning, but the New York Yankees answered with 5 in the top of the 2nd and held on for a 5-3 win before 23,394 fans at Royals Stadium. New York shortstop Fred Stanley tripled home 2 runs and subsequently scored on a sacrifice fly by Mickey Rivers.

Frank Tanana pitched a 2-hitter, walking 1 batter and striking out 10 as the California Angels blanked the Boston Red Sox 6-0 before 13,741 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

The Oakland Athletics withstood a 5-run 9th-inning rally as they defeated the Milwaukee Brewers 8-5 before 3,395 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

The Cincinnati Reds, trailing 10-1 after 3 innings, came back to defeat the Chicago Cubs 13-10 in 10 innings before 22,884 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The Reds won the game with 3 unearned runs in the 10th inning, resulting from 2 Chicago errors.

The Montreal Expos scored 6 runs in the 6th inning as they beat the San Francisco Giants 9-3 before 16,490 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal. Montreal catcher Gary Carter hit a triple and a home run, while winning pitcher Woodie Fryman pitched a 9-hit complete game to improve his record for the season to 10-8, while also hitting 2 singles and driving in a run.

Rick Rhoden pitched a 5-hit shutout to improve his record for 1976 to 10-1 as the Los Angeles Dodgers blanked the Pittsburgh Pirates 2-0 before 16,222 fans at Three Rivers Stadium. Losing pitcher Larry Demery allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings. Ron Cey hit a home run to lead off the 7th inning to provide the insurance run.

The New York Mets scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and held on for a 2-1 win over the San Diego Padres before 15,150 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Winning pitcher Jon Matlack allowed 7 hits and 1 earned run in 7+ innings.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Papa Don't Preach--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Puerta de Alcalá--Víctor Manuel y Ana Belén (5th week at #1)

World events
Two lifeboats with 155 Tamils from Sri Lanka were found drifting in lifeboats off the coast of Newfoundland; rescued by fishermen, the group first claimed to be refugees from India, but later admitted paying a West German ship captain to transport them to Canada illegally. They were allowed to stay for a year, then deported.

Golf
Bob Tway won the PGA Championship at Inverness Club in Toledo, Ohio with an 8-under-par score of 276, 2 strokes ahead of Greg Norman. First prize money was $140,000.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Everybody Plays the Fool--Aaron Neville (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Wind of Change--Scorpions (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Charles Allard, 71
. Canadian broadcasting executive. Dr. Allard, a heart surgeon from Edmonton, founded the Allarco real estate and broadcasting empire. He founded the Edmonton television station CITV in 1974 and owned Superchannel and 50% of the Family Channel. Mr. Allard also owned the Edmonton Oilers of the World Hockey Association in the team's early years in the World Hockey Association in the 1970s.

J.D. McDuffie, 52. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. McDuffie drove on the NASCAR circuit, participating in 653 races from 1963-1991. He had 106 top-ten finishes, but never won a NASCAR race. Mr. McDuffie was killed in a crash during the Budweiser at The Glen at Watkins Glen International, New York.

Tennis
Jennifer Capriati, 15, won her second straight tournament, beating Katerina Maleeva in the Player's Challenge Tournament in Toronto. The $100,000 purse was the largest of her 17-month career.

Golf
John Daly, an unknown who had driven all night from Memphis to make the first-round tee-off time as a last-minute replacement for Nick Price, won the PGA Championship at Crooked Stick Golf Club in Carmel, Indiana with a 12-under-par score of 276, 3 strokes ahead of Bruce Lietzke. First prize money was $230,000.

Baseball
Rookie Wilson Alvarez, making his second major league start, pitched a no-hitter to lead the Chicago White Sox to a 7-0 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 40,455 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

The Boston Red Sox scored 5 runs in the top of the 1st inning and held on to defeat the Toronto Blue Jays 9-6 before 50,297 fans at SkyDome in Toronto.

Mickey Tettleton hit a home run in each game, but his Detroit Tigers lost both games of a doubleheader 12-6 and 10-8 to the New York Yankees before 34,733 fans at Yankee Stadium. Dave Bergman homered twice for Detroit in the second game, while teammate John Shelby hit into a force play in his only plate appearance and made 2 putouts in right field in the 1,036th and last game of his 11-year major league career.

Jeff Manto hit a solo home run in the top of the 13th inning to give the Cleveland Indians a 2-1 lead, but the Indians made 2 errors in the bottom of the inning, allowing the Kansas City Royals to score 2 unearned runs for a 3-2 win before 27,006 fans at Royals Stadium.

Juan Gonzalez singled home Julio Franco with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Texas Rangers a 5-4 win over the Milwaukee Brewers before 31,169 fans at Arlington Stadium.

George Bell hit a home run to lead off the bottom of the 14th inning, giving the Chicago Cubs a 3-2 win over the New York Mets before 33,128 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Charlie Hayes scored on a wild pitch by Jeff Fassero with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 4-4 tie and give the Philadelphia Phillies a 5-4 win over the Montreal Expos before 35,274 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

Darren Lewis singled home Robby Thompson with 2 out in the bottom of the 7th inning to break a 3-3 tie and give the San Francisco Giants a 4-3 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 53,759 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

Ricky Bones allowed 2 hits and 2 bases on balls but no runs in 7 innings in his major league debut, striking out 6, while batting 0 for 2 with a base on balls and a run as the San Diego Padres routed the Cincinnati Reds 13-0 before 17,889 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. San Diego second baseman Bip Roberts batted 4 for 4 with 2 home runs, including one to lead off the game.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Chains--DLT (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Rafael Kubelík, 82
. Czechoslovakian-born Swiss orchestra conductor and composer. Mr. Kubelík fled Czechoslovakia in 1948 after the Communist takeover of the country, and was music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (1950–53);Royal Opera, Covent Garden (1955–58); and Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra (1961–79). His compostions included five operas, three symphonies, chamber music, and choral works.

Mel Taylor, 62. Mr. Taylor was the drummer with the instrumental rock group the Ventures from 1962-1972 and from 1979 until his death from cancer.

Auto racing
Jacques Villeneuve of Canada won the Hungarian Grand Prix.

Golf
Mark Brooks won the PGA Championship, defeating Kenny Perry on the first hole of a sudden-death playoff at Valhalla Golf Club in Louisville, Kentucky. The two had finished the regulation 72 holes with 11-uner-par scores of 277, 1 stroke ahead of Steve Elkington and Tommy Tolles. First prize money was $430,000.

Football
CFL
Montreal (4-4) 32 @ Saskatchewan (2-5) 20

Chris Armstrong caught 2 touchdown passes for the Alouettes as they defeated the Roughriders before 21,997 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Robert Mimbs rushed for 2 Saskatchewan touchdowns.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Mike Douglas, 81
. U.S. singer and television host. Mr. Douglas, born Michael Delaney Dowd, Jr., sang with Kay Kyser's orchestra in the 1940s, but was better known for his daytime television talk program The Mike Douglas Show (1961-1981). He died on his 81st birthday, several weeks after becoming dehydrated while golfing.

Environment
The oil tanker M/T Solar 1 sank off the coast of Guimaras and Negros Islands in the Philippines, causing the country's worst oil spill.

Terrorism
As the result of a thwarted attack, the U.S. Transportation Security Administration banned all liquids, gels and aerosols from passenger cabins on airliners.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (3-5) 18 @ Edmonton (3-5) 24

Gerald Dixon returned an interception 72 yards for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter and Ricky Ray completed a 44-yard TD pass to Trevor Gaylor in the 3rd quarter as the Eskimos defeated the Roughriders before 39,599 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Kenton Keith scored the only Saskatchewan touchdown on a 4-yard rush less than 6 minutes into the game.

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