Saturday, 27 August 2016

August 27, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Brenda Kiema!

240 years ago
1776


War
British forces under General William Howe defeated American forces led by General George Washington in the Battle of Long Island at what is now Brooklyn, New York.

120 years ago
1896


War
British forces defeated Zanzibari forces in the Anglo-Zanzibar War, which, at 38 minutes, remains the shortest war in history. Sheikh Khalid bin Barghash, who had claimed the Sultanate two days earlier upon the sudden death of his cousin Sheikh Hamad bin Thuwaini, fled to the German consulate, and was replaced as Sultan by Sheikh Hamoud bin Mohammed Al-Said.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Martha Raye
. U.S. actress and singer. Miss Raye, born Margy Reed, sang with big bands and acted in comic roles in numerous movies, but was perhaps best known for entertaining American troops with United Services Overseas in World War II and subsequent wars. She died on October 19, 1994 at the age of 78.

War
Romania declared war on Austria-Hungary, entering World War I as one of the Allied nations.

75 years ago
1941


On television tonight
Thrills and Chills, hosted by Doug Allan, on WNBT

Faustin Wirkus, a former U.S. Marine who had ruled the Haitian island of La Gonave as King Faustin II for several years in the 1920s, was the guest on the first broadcast of this program in which Mr. Allan interviewed explorers and presented films they had taken of their adventures. WNBT was the NBC flagship station in New York City.

World events
While reviewing troops from the Légion des Volontaires Français (LVF)--a French unit of the German Wehrmacht--in Versailles, Vichy French politicians Pierre Laval and Marcel Déat were shot and wounded by 21-year-old Paul Collette. The wounded men, who advocated collaboration with Nazis, soon recovered from their wounds.

War
U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) charged that some members of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration "have been anxious for a war with Japan for some time," and declared that in such a war "we will be preserving the British domination of Asia rather than helping the United States."

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull indirectly warned Japan not to interfere with American aid shipments to Vladivostok when he remarked that the United Staes would insist upon the policy of freedom of the seas in the Pacific.

Politics and government
The Iranian cabinet of Prime Minister Ali Khan Mansur resigned as the U.K.-U.S.S.R. occupation of Iran continued with little opposition.

The British government of Prime Minister Winston Churchill named Viscount Knollys as Governor of Bermuda, succeeding Lieutenant General Sir Denis John Charles Kirwan Bernard.

The U.S. Veterans of Foreign Wars convention urged U.S. President Roosevelt to fire Labor Secretary Frances Perkins for "lack of ability." Delegates also urged Congress to bar the Communist Party from the ballot.

Defense
U.S. Lend-Lease administrator Edward Stettinius issued a regulation requiring companies to accept all defense orders for the United States and foreign countries and to complete them before private non-defense orders.

Oil
U.S. Price Administrator Leon Henderson issued a schedule of fair maximum retail service station prices for regular gasoline in 40 Eastern cities ranging from 16.5c-20.1c per gallon.

Baseball
Charlie Root of the Chicago Cubs relieved starting pitcher Ken Raffensberger in the 1st inning, pitched the rest of the game, and hit a bases-loaded single in the top of the 9th inning to drive in 2 runs and earn his 200th career major league win as the Chicago Cubs defeated the Boston Braves 6-4 in the second game of a doubleheader before 3,204 fans at Braves Field. The Braves won the first game 6-0, scoring all the runs in the 3rd inning. Manny Salvo pitched a 5-hit shutout, striking out 6 batters and walking none, to win the pitching matchup with Claude Passeau.

Arky Vaughan batted 5 for 6 with 3 doubles and 4 runs, while teammate Bud Stewart was 4 for 6 with 2 runs and a run batted in as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Philadelphia Phillies 12-2 before 1,748 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

Jeff Heath batted 3 for 5 with 2 home runs, a triple, 2 runs, and 7 runs batted in to lead the Cleveland Indians over the Philadelphia Athletics 11-4 before 2,000 fans at League Park in Cleveland.

The New York Yankees scored 5 runs in the 3rd inning and 6 in the 4th as they routed the St. Louis Browns 11-1 before 13,416 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Every man in the starting lineup for New York had at least one hit.

Mickey Vernon batted in 4 runs with a 2-run home run and 2 singles, while teammate Buddy Lewis had a single, double, and triple as the Washington Nationals beat the Chicago White Sox 11-3 before 3,615 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
At the Paris Peace Conference, Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov accused Australia of acting as a front for other Western nations in proposing numerous treaty amendments, while Australian delegate J.A. Beasely accused the U.S.S.R. of attempting to thrust its views "down the throats" of other delegates.

Journalism
General Robert McClure of the U.S. military government in Germany threatened to bar all Soviet-licensed newspapers and reporters from the American zone unless the U.S.S.R. agreed by September 16, 1946 to permit the exchange of German publications among the four occupation zones.

Politics and government
French President Charles de Gaulle charged that the draft constitution now being debated by the Constituent Assembly would create a weak state and empire.

Defense
U.S. Army Corporal Harry Brickheimer successfully demonstrated an automatic ejection parachute device which catapulted him from a speeding P-81.

Protest
Muslim League President Mohammed Ali Jinnah ordered all members to boycott Indian government meetings, including those of the new interim regime.

Crime
At the opening session of the trial in Frankfurt, Germany of U.S. Army Colonel Jack Durant and his wife Captain Kathleen Nash Durant, U.S. Army prosecutors introduced Capt. Nash's confession that she and her husband had collaborated with Major David Watson and Sergeant Roy Carlton in stealing the $1.5-million Hesse family jewels and smuggling them into the United States.

Roswell Biggers was arrested by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation on charges of holding five Negroes at forced labour on his farm near Atlanta.

Economics and finance
Argentine President Juan Peron established the Argentine Foreign Trade Institute as the sole sales agent for the nation'e meat exports.

60 years ago
1956


Married on this date
Gloria Vanderbilt
. U.S. heiress. Sidney Lumet. U.S. television and movie director. The couple were wed in New York.

Diplomacy
Egyptian security police arrested two British subjects and an Egyptian on charges of leading a British espionage network.

The International Cooperation Administration halted initiation of U.S. aid projects in Egypt.

Disasters
29 Polish coal miners died of gas poisoning when fire broke out in a mine in Upper Silesia.

Football
WIFU
Calgary (0-3) 15 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 16
Edmonton (3-0) 18 @ British Columbia (2-1) 0

Tom Miner kicked a 43-yard field goal in the final seconds of the game to give the Blue Bombers their win over the Stampeders at Winnipeg Stadium. Mr. Miner, an end, had recently been traded from Calgary to Winnipeg for tackle Dick Huffman. The Blue Bombers had 13 men on the field at the time of the winning kick, but the officials didn't notice.

Jackie Parker and Earl Lindley scored touchdowns for the Eskimos as they shut out the Lions at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Bob Dean converted both TDs and added a field goal and a single.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Easyfever (EP): I'll Make You Happy/Too Much--The Easybeats (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Ton Nom--Salvatore Adamo (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Notte di ferragosto--Gianni Morandi

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Yellow Submarine/Eleanor Rigby--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sunny--Bobby Hebb
2 Summer in the City--The Lovin' Spoonful
3 Sunshine Superman--Donovan
4 See You in September--The Happenings
5 Yellow Submarine--The Beatles
6 You Can't Hurry Love--The Supremes
7 Lil' Red Riding Hood--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
8 I Couldn't Live Without Your Love--Petula Clark
9 Summertime--Billy Stewart
10 Wouldn't it Be Nice--The Beach Boys

Singles entering the chart were Cherish by the Association (#64); I Chose to Sing the Blues by Ray Charles (#77); Can't Satisfy by the Impressions (#83); 96 Tears by ? (Question Mark) & the Mysterians (#84); Knock on Wood by Eddie Floyd (#85); My Sweet Potato by Booker T. and the MG's (#87); You're Gonna Miss Me by the Thirteenth Floor Elevators (#89); A Change on the Way by Terry Knight and the Pack (#90); Summer Samba (So Nice) by Walter Wanderley (#93); Born Free by Roger Williams (#95); Just Like a Woman by Manfred Mann (#97); Rumors by Syndicate of Sound (#98); Campfire Girls by Billy Joe Royal (#100); Ain't Gonna Lie by Keith (also #100); and Get Away by Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames (also #100). Born Free was a version of the title song of the movie.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-5) 5 @ Edmonton (3-3) 26

Jim Thomas scored 2 touchdowns and Randy Kerbow added another as the Eskimos outscored the Stampeders 24-0 iin the 2nd half before 19,800 fans on a rainy night at Clarke Stadium. It was the first Edmonton win over Calgary since November 13, 1961, ending a 12-game losing streak. Peter Liske had a poor game at quarterback for the Stampeders, and received a scathing review from Edmonton Journal columnist Wayne Overland. It was the only CFL game for Calgary defensive back Greg Palamountain, who suffered a shoulder separation.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Don't Go Breaking My Heart--Elton John and Kiki Dee

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ein Bett im Kornfeld--Jürgen Drews (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Die kleine Kneipe--Peter Alexander (5th week at #1)

Tennis
Transsexual Renee Richards, formerly Dr. Richard Raskind, was denied admission as a competitor at the United States Open tournament for refusing to take a chromosome test required for all femal entrants.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (2-4) 13 @ Saskatchewan (5-2) 12

The Blue Bombers intercepted 5 passes from Saskatchewan quarterback Ron Lancaster as they edged the Roughriders before 21,362 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. The Saskatchewan defense made 4 interceptions of their own against Winnipeg quarterback Dieter Brock.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Do Ya Do Ya (Wanna Please Me)--Samantha Fox

Baseball
Nolan Ryan gave up 1 hit in 6 innings as he pitched the Houston Astros to a 7-1 win over the Chicago Cubs before 24,198 fans at the Astrodome for his 250th career major league win.

Eric Davis hit a grand slam off Don Robinson with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 5-5 tie and give the Cincinnati Reds a 9-5 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 7,490 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.

Rick Mahler intentionally walked Andy Van Slyke to load the bases and then unintentionally walked Terry Pendleton to force Vince Coleman home with the eventual winning run in the bottom of the 8th inning as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the Atlanta Braves 2-1 before 23,887 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

The San Francisco Giants scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Montreal Expos 3-2 before 9,248 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, enabling rookie pitcher Kelly Downs to pick up his first major league win. Mr. Downs allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings.

Jeff Stone reached first base on an error by shortstop and eventually scored on a 2-out single by Von Hayes in the top of the 9th inning to break a 1-1 tie and give the Philadelphia Phillies a 2-1 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 23,543 fans at Dodger Stadium. The Dodgers had runners at first and third bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Steve Bedrosian struck out Mike Scioscia to end the game.

Lenny Dykstra scored on a sacrifice fly by Keith Hernandez in the top of the 11th inning to break a 5-5 tie and give the New York Mets a 6-5 win over the San Diego Padres before 19,747 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium.

Ernie Whitt led off the top of the 12th inning with a home run to break a 2-2 tie and give the Toronto Blue Jays a 3-2 win over the Cleveland Indians in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 9,051 fans at Cleveland Stadium. The Blue Jays scored a run in the top of the 8th inning and 2 in the 9th to win the second game 6-3 and complete the sweep.

Ron Karkovice's 3-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 2nd inning provided the Chicago White Sox with all their scoring as they beat the Kansas City Royals 3-1 before 13,600 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Floyd Bannister pitched a 6-hit complete game, striking out 5 batters and walking none, to win the pitchers' duel over Danny Jackson.

Kirby Puckett batted 4 for 5 with a double, run, and 3 runs batted in to help the Minnesota Twins defeat the Milwaukee Brewers 7-5 before 9,161 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.

Glenn Davis doubled home 2 runs and Ken Phelps hit a 2-run home run as the Seattle Mariners scored all their runs in the 1st inning and beat the Baltimore Orioles 4-1 before 7,628 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle.

25 years ago
1991


Europeana
The European Community recognized the independence of the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Moldova declared independence from the U.S.S.R.

Politics and government
Speaking in Kelowna, British Columbia, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney announces the establishment of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, co-chaired by Georges Erasmus and Judge René Dussault.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (4-4) 25 @ Toronto (6-2) 34
Calgary (6-2) 15 @ Winnipeg (5-3) 28

The Argonauts scored 21 points in the 1st quarter and held on to defeat the Lions before 39,508 fans at SkyDome. Mike "Pinball" Clemons led Toronto rushers, who combined for 213 yards on the ground.

Robert Mimbs rushed 22 times for 152 yards as the Blue Bombers beat the Stampeders before 29,102 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. The Winnipeg defense recorded 4 interceptions and 6 sacks.

20 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Greg Morris, 62
. U.S. actor. Mr. Morris played Barney Collier in the television series Mission: Impossible (1966-1973) and Lieutenant David Nelson in Vega$ (1979-1981). He died of brain cancer, a month before his 63rd birthday.

10 years ago
2006


Disasters
Comair Flight 5191, a Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet 100ER bound from Lexington, Kentucky to Atlanta, crashed while attempting to take off, killing 49 of 50 passengers and crew members. The only survivor, first officer James Polehinke, suffered brain damage and had his leg amputated, and was largely blamed for the crash.

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