Monday, 17 January 2011

January 18, 2011

140 years ago
1871

World events

At the Versailles Palace's Hall of Mirrors, princes of the German states officially integrated Germany into a unified nation state, with Wilhelm of Prussia proclaimed Emperor Wilhelm of the German Empire. The unification of Germany occurred after France capitulated in the Franco-Prussian War.

75 years ago
1936

Died on this date
Rudyard Kipling, 70
. U.K. author and poet. A native of Bombay, Mr. Kipling's best-known works included the collection of stories in The Jungle Book (1894) the novel Kim (1901); the short story The Man Who Would Be King (1888); the poems Mandalay (1890); Gunga Din (1890); White Man's Burden (1899); and If (1910); and the hymn Recessional (1897). He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1907, becoming the first English-language writer to win the prize. He remains the prize's youngest winner.

50 years ago
1961


Died on this date (?)
Patrice Lumumba, 36; Maurice Mpolo; Joseph Okito
. Mr. Lumumba, deposed Congolese Premier; Mr. Mpolo, Congolese Youth Minister; and Mr. Okito, former Vice-President of the Congolese Senate were allegedly murdered after being taken into custody by officials of the secessionist province of Katanga. Their deaths weren't revealed until February 13, when Katangan officials claimed that the three men had been massacred the previous day by residents of an unnamed Katangan village after escaping custody.

Politics and government
In his final news conference as President of the United States, Dwight Eisenhower said, "I think that we ought to get a Constitutional amendment to change the time of the inauguration and to give dates for election and assumption of office in such fashion that a new president ought to have at least 80 days or something of that kind before he meets his first Congress." He described as "a little bit silly" the present requirement that the outgoing president submit messages to Congress on the state of the union, the budget, and the economy, only to have his views superseded by those of his successor.

Agriculture
An eight-day plenary meeting in the Kremlin of the U.S.S.R. Communist Party Central Committee concluded by adopting Premier Nikita Khrushchev’s proposals for a sweeping reorganization of agricultural supply and distribution. Mr. Khrushchev charged that Soviet farm administrators had lied and cheated to make it appear that farm goals set by the Seven Year Plan had been reached. Mr. Khrushchev’s proposals included establishment of an all-union agency as "an intermediary between the farms and industry;" establishment of a state procurement committee to take charge of all governmental purchases of farm products; and the increase of agricultural investments over Seven Year Plan goals.

40 years ago
1971


Radio
The Canadian Radio-Television Telecommunications Commission’s rules on Canadian content went into effect, requiring 30% of songs played by radio stations during certain hours to be Canadian content. To qualify as Canadian, a recording have at least two parts of the "MAPL" logo: Music composed by a Canadian; Artist is Canadian; Production wholly recorded in Canada; Lyrics by a Canadian. The new rules were intended to promote Canadian artists; it was believed that records by Canadian artists were not getting as much airplay as they deserved.

Crime
The court-martial of U.S. Army Lieutenant William Calley, charged with killing 102 civilians in the South Vietnamese hamlet of My Lai on March 16, 1968, was recessed pending completion of psychiatric tests at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington, D.C. to determine whether Lt. Calley was legally sane during the attack.

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department announced that all arms aid to Ecuador was being suspended. Since 1966, Ecuador had seized 28 American tuna boats and fined the operators a total of $816,614.

Disasters
A Bulgarian airline crashed n fog during an instrument landing at Zurich, killing 35 and injuring the 2 survivors.

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie (4th week at #1)
2 That’s What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight & Stevie Wonder)
3 Alive and Kicking--Simple Minds
4 Party All the Time--Eddie Murphy
5 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister
6 Talk to Me--Stevie Nicks
7 Small Town--John Cougar Mellencamp
8 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin
9 Burning Heart--Survivor
10 Tonight She Comes--The Cars

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Everything in My Heart--Corey Hart
2 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie
3 That's What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight & Stevie Wonder)
4 Rock Me Amadeus--Falco
5 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister
6 Tarzan Boy--Baltimora
7 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin
8 Live is Life--Opus
9 We Built This City--Starship
10 Sun City--Artists United Against Apartheid

Singles entering the chart included Now and Forever (You and Me) by Anne Murray (#81); Russians by Sting (#85); and Silent Running by Mike & the Mechanics (#91).

Music
The first 10 members of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame were inducted in a ceremony at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City. The inductees were Elvis Presley, Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Jerry Lee Lewis, Sam Cooke, James Brown, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Ray Charles, and Fats Domino. Billy Joel introduced Mr. Domino, thanking him for making the piano a rock and roll instrument.

Space
The U.S. space shuttle Columbia returned to Earth at the conclusion of a successful six-day mission. The landing was postponed twice because of bad weather and finally shifted from Cape Canaveral, Florida to Edwards Air Force Base in California.

Disasters
A jetliner carrying tourists to Mayan ruins crashed in a jungle in northern Guatemala, killing all 93 people aboard.

Hockey
NHL
New York Rangers 5 @ Edmonton 4

20 years ago
1991


War
A second front in the Gulf War opened when the first air strikes from Turkish territory were launched at Iraq.

World events
Harald V became King of Norway, the day after the death of King Olav V.

Business
Eastern Airlines stopped flying and gave up a two-year effort to escape bankruptcy. An increase in jet fuel prices during the Persian Gulf crisis was the final blow for the airline.

10 years ago
2001


Scandal
U.S. civil rights leader Rev. Jesse Jackson acknowledged that he had fathered an illegitimate daughter, born in 1999 to an employee of his Rainbow/PUSH coalition, to whom he was paying $3,000 per month in child support. His affair had occurred while Mr. Jackson was counselling U.S. President Bill Clinton after Mr. Clinton’s affair with White House intern Monica Lewinsky had become public knowledge.

Disasters
It was reported that the January 15 earthquake that had hit the coast of El Salvador and had killed 800 people had caused about $1 billion in damage, nearly half the country's yearly budget.

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