150 years ago
Quebec City became the capital of Canada East.
130 years ago
Economics and finance
The United States terminated reciprocity and fishery clauses worked out at the Treaty of Washington on March 8, 1871; Americans were allowed to fish under treaty terms until the end of the season.
The Chicago White Stockings beat the Boston Beaneaters 24-10 in Chicago.
125 years ago
A telegraph cable linked Canada and Hamilton, Bermuda.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Willie Dixon. U.S. musician. Mr. Dixon was a blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter who helped to popularize the Chicago blues sound of the 1940s and 1950s, and influenced the development of rock and roll. His songs included Hoochie Coochie Man; Little Red Rooster; and My Babe. Mr. Dixon died on January 29, 1992 at the age of 76.
Leutnant Kurt Wintgens of the then-named German Fliegertruppe air service achieved the first known aerial victory with a synchronized machine-gun armed fighter plane, the Fokker M.5K/MG Eindecker.
90 years ago
Died on this date
Erik Satie, 59. French composer. Mr. Satie was a pianist who wrote numerous compositions, the most famous of which were the Gymnopédies, three short piano pieces. He died of cirrhosis of the liver after years of heavy drinking.
80 years ago
Regina city police and Royal Canadian Mounted Police waded into crowds at a Regina Exhibition Grounds rally to arrest leaders of the On-to-Ottawa trek after they returned from an unsuccessful meeting in Ottawa with Canadian Prime Minister R.B. Bennett. One policeman was killed, and many policemen and rioters were injured. The incident marked the end of the trek by 2,000 relief camp strikers from western Canada; four days later, the protesters were given rail transportation home.
Billy Herman hit 2 triples, 2 doubles, and a single to lead the Chicago Cubs to an 8-4 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 19,516 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati in the first night game in Cubs’ history.
Ed Cole of Galveston threw the first perfect game in Texas League history, beating Tulsa 1-0.
75 years ago
German forces occupied the Channel Islands. Japanese forces captured the walled Chinese city of Lungchow, close to the Indochina border.
U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin met in Moscow with U.K. Ambassador Sir Stafford Cripps, who tried to convince him that Soviet and British interests coincided. Germany advised the United States to discontinue all diplomatic missions in Norway, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands by July 15, 1940.
The Governor General of Hong Kong, the French army commander in Indochina, and the high command of the French fleet agreed on a common defense against Japanese aggression.
U.S. Army strength reached a total of 257,730 officers and men. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill providing for construction of 45 U.S. Navy vessels costing $550 million.
Politics and government
Donald Nelson, acting director of the procurement division of the United States Treasury Departmen, resigned and was replaced by Owen D. Young.
The U.S. Civil Aviation Administration and Weather Bureau became units of the Commerce Department.
70 years ago
Australian troops led by U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur landed on the east coast of Borneo at Balik Papan, the second-largest oil refinery area in the Duch East Indies. A beachhead was established against initially light Japanese resistance. Chinese forces captured Weichow Island off the south coast in the Gulf of Tonkin.
British and American troops began withdrawing from German zones that were to be occupied by the Soviets. Advance representatives of the Western Allies reached Berlin.
New York Governor Thomas Dewey, speaking "as titular leader" of the Republican Party Governor's Conference, called for speedy U.S. ratification of the United Nations Charter.
U.S. President Harry Truman told War Petroleum Administrator Haroled Ickes to seize and operate the Texas Company's plants at Port Arthur, Texas because of a work stoppage by 175 employees.
Welby Van Horn defeated John Nogrady in New York to win the U.S. professional championship.
60 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Unchained Melody--Jimmy Young (2nd week at #1)
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley
At the movies
The Great Race, starring Tony Curtis, Jack Lemmon, and Natalie Wood, opened in theatres.
Died on this date
Robert Ruark, 49. U.S. author. Mr. Ruark was best known for his novel Something of Value (1955), based on his experiences as a big game hunter in Africa. He drank himself to death in London.
A cease-fire between India and Pakistan went into effect in the Rann of Kutch, a 13,000-square-mile swampland along the border between the countries.
The Canadian Labour Code went into effect for all government employees.
40 years ago
Economics and finance
The government of Switzerland passed three emergency decrees to fight a recession.
Australia's new National Health Scheme went into effect.
Muhammad Ali (48-2) retained his world heavyweight title with a unanimous 15-round decision over Joe Bugner (51-7-1) before a crowd estimated at 22,000 at Merdeka Stadium in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (see video). Hours after the fight, Mr. Ali, former world champion Joe Frazier, and promoter Don King appeared at a press conference to announce that the two fighters would meet on October 1 for what Mr. Ali was already calling the "thrilla in Manila."
Saskatchewan (0-1) 8 @ Winnipeg (1-0) 41
Ottawa (0-1) 20 @ Edmonton (1-0) 21
A single by Dave Cutler on a missed field goal attempt on the last play of the game gave the Eskimos their win over the Rough Riders before 22,946 fans at Clarke Stadium. The highlight of the game was when rookie Edmonton receiver Jerrald Taylor caught a pass from quarterback Tom Wilkinson and was on his way to an apparent touchdown when he handed the ball to Ottawa defensive back Dick Adams at the Rough Riders' 3-yard line. Mr. Taylor thought that the goal posts in Canada were at the back of the end zone as they were in the U.S., not at the goal line, which is the case in Canada.
The Philadelphia Phillies signed catcher Tim McCarver, eight days after he had been released by the Boston Red Sox. Mr. McCarver was in his 15th season in the major leagues, most of that time with the St. Louis Cardinals, and had previously played with the Phillies from 1970-1972. He had played in just 12 games with the Red Sox in 1975, batting .381 with no home runs and 3 runs batted in, and was released in order to make room for starting catcher Carlton Fisk, who had been on the disabled list for almost a year.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Angel/Into the Groove--Madonna (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Sand Beige: Sabaku e--Akina Nakamori
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): We are the World--USA for Africa (7th week at #1)
It was roster cutdown day in the Canadian Football League, and at least two Hall of Fame careers ended. The Edmonton Eskimos cut 16-year veteran Dave Cutler, who held almost every CFL career kicking record at the time. He was also my favourite player for many years. They also released slotback Tom Scott, ending his career after 11 years, 6 of which (1978-1983) were spent with the Eskimos. He had been traded to the Calgary Stampeders in 1984, but had been signed by the Eskimos again because they wanted to give Mr. Scott an opportunity to end his career with the Eskimos. At the end of his career he held the CFL career records for pass receiving yards and touchdown receptions, and was 1 pass reception behind Tommy-Joe Coffey for first place on the career list. Both players were elected to the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1998.
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Eagle Rock--Daddy Cool (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I Promised Myself--Nick Kamen (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Un'estate italiana--Edoardo Bennato and Gianna Nannini
Queen Elizabeth II spent 30 minutes visiting with children and Quebec provincial officials in Jacques Cartier Park in Hull, in defiance of Hull Mayor Michel Legere's rude statement of a few days earlier that Her Majesty was not a welcome visitor in Hull.
Economics and finance
A treaty signed on May 18 that established a unified economic and monetary system for East and West Germany went into effect. The West German deutschemark became the sole legal tender for all of Germany. The West German Bundesbank (central bank) was given control of monetary policy for East Germany. East Germany also became wedded to West Germany’s market economy, social security and tax systems, and labour and banking laws. East Germans were allowed to exchange from 2,000-6,000 East marks for deutschemarks at a 1-1 rate and the rest of their holdings at a rate of 2 East marks-1 deutschemark.
Andy Hawkins of the New York Yankees pitched 8 innings of no-hit baseball, but still lost 4-0 to the Chicago White Sox before 30,642 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. With 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning, an error by the Yankees’ Mike Blowers allowed a runner to reach first base, and 2 straight bases on balls from Mr. Hawkins loaded the bases. Outfielders Jim Leyritz and Jesse Barfield dropped consecutive fly balls for errors, bringing in all 4 Chicago runs. Mr. Hawkins pitched a complete game, but didn’t get credit for an official no-hitter, as the White Sox didn’t bat in the 9th inning.
The Texas Rangers scored 4 runs in the top of the 1st inning, but the Boston Red Sox scored a run in the bottom of the 1st, 8 in the 2nd, and 5 in the 7th as they came back to rout the Rangers 15-4 before 33,825 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.
Luis Salazar's 3-run home run climaxed a 4-run rally in the top of the 8th inning as the Chicago Cubs came from behind to edge the San Diego Padres 11-10 before 30,968 fans at San Diego-Jack Murphy Stadium.
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): 21 Go'nat historier--Timm & Gordon (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Conquest of Paradise--Vangelis (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Boom Boom Boom--The Outhere Brothers (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams (5th week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
2 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men
3 Total Eclipse of the Heart--Nikki French
4 Scream/Childhood--Michael Jackson and Janet Jackson
6 Don't Take it Personal (Just One of Dem Days)--Monica
7 Let Her Cry--Hootie & the Blowfish
8 Someone to Love--Jon B featuring Babyface
9 This is How We Do It--Montell Jordan
10 Run-Around--Blues Traveler
Singles entering the chart were Kiss from a Rose by Seal (#51); Sprinkle Me by E-40 (featuring Suga T) (#66); The Inc Ride by Masta Ace Incorporated (#81); and You Used to Love Me by Faith (#87).
Died on this date
Wolfman Jack, 57. U.S. radio disc jockey. Born Robert Smith, Wolfman Jack used various aliases at several stations throughout the United States before he joined XERF, a station located just across the border from California in Baja California. The owners of XERF and its sister station XERB located their stations in Mexico in order to be able to avoid U.S. restrictions on the strength of broadcast signals. The powerful signals coming from Mexico at night were heard across much of the United States, and Wolfman Jack became a legendary figure. In 1971, Mexican authorities cracked down on the stations, and Wolfman Jack moved to the United States, where his popularity continued. He's perhaps best remembered for his supporting performance in the movie American Graffiti (1973). Wolfman Jack also appeared in Canada in the 1970s, adding his voice to the hit singles Clap for the Wolfman by the Guess Who (1974) and Hit the Road Jack by the Stampeders (1975). He hosted The Wolfman Jack Show on CBC television in 1976-1977. Mr. Smith died of a heart attack just after arriving home to hug his wife after hosting his weekly radio program.
Toronto (0-1) 23 @ Edmonton (1-0) 45
San Antonio (1-0) 47 @ Shreveport (0-1) 24
Lucius Floyd scored 3 touchdowns as the Eskimos defeated the Argonauts before a Canada Day crowd of 27,465 at Commonwealth Stadium. Mr. Floyd's first touchdown came on a 72-yard pass from quarterback Kerwin Bell, playing his first game as an Eskimo. It was the first regular season game as a CFL head coach for Toronto's Mike Faragalli.
David Archer passed for 2 touchdowns and rushed for another to lead the Texans past the Pirates before 15,133 fans at the Independence Bowl. It was the first regular season game for the Texans since the Sacramento Gold Miners had moved to San Antonio after the 1994 season. Martin Patton scored 2 touchdowns for the Pirates, who also got a touchdown from defensive tackle Johnny Scott on an 89-yard fumble return.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Gus Bodnar, 82. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Bodnar was a centre with the Toronto Maple Leafs (1943-47); Chicago Black Hawks (1947-54); and Boston Bruins (1954-55), scoring 396 points on 142 goals and 254 assists in 667 regular season games and 4 goals and 3 assists in 32 playoff games. He won the Calder Memorial Trophy He played on Stanley Cup championship teams in 1945 and 1947, but is best remembered for scoring a goal just 15 seconds into his first NHL game on October 30, 1943--a record for the fastest goal from the beginning of a National Hockey League career that still stands. Mr. Bodnar also holds the record for fastest 3 assists, on Bill Mosienko's 3 goals in 21 seconds against the New York Rangers on March 23, 1952. Mr. Bodnar coached the Toronto Marlboros to the Memorial Cup championship in 1966-67.
Luther Vandross, 53. U.S. singer. Mr. Vandross was a background singer on the recordings of numerous artists before becoming a popular soul balladeer in the 1980s and 1990s, winning eight Grammy Awards. He died of a heart attack, two years after suffering a serious stroke.
Montreal (1-1) 36 @ Ottawa (1-1) 39 (OT)
Toronto (1-1) 22 @ Calgary (0-1) 16
Victoria Cross Recipients: First World War now on Flickr - The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest military decoration in the Commonwealth and takes precedence over all other medals, decorations and orders. A recogn...
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