130 years ago
The Canadian government of Prime Minister John A. Macdonald voted aid to the Canadian Pacific Railway.
125 years ago
Wyoming entered the union as the 44th state.
90 years ago
In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called Scopes "Monkey Trial" began of high school teaher John T. Scopes, who was accused of teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act.
Indian mystic Meher Baba began his silence of 43 1/2 years, ending with his death on January 31, 1969 at the age of 74. His followers observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.
80 years ago
Died on this date
Paul Hines, 83. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Hines was one of the National League's earliest stars, leading the NL in batting in 1878 and 1879 while with the Providence Grays. In 18 seasons with 7 major league teams, Mr. Hines played 1,481 games, batting .301. While playing for the Washington Senators in 1886 and 1887, Mr. Hines became a friend of William McKinley, and when Mr. McKinley became President of the United States, he appointed Mr. Hines to be the postmaster of the Department of Agriculture, a job he held for many years. Mr. Hines lost his hearing after a severe beaning in 1886, and his sight had also deteriorated by the time he was arrested on a pickpocketing charge in 1921.
The Cincinnati Reds scored 8 runs in the third inning en route to a 15-2 rout of the Brooklyn Dodgers before 12,000 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Babe Herman of the Reds hit the first home run at night in major league history, connecting off Dutch Leonard.
The Washington Nationals scored 7 runs in the 1st inning and withstood a 5-run 9th-inning rally to edge the Detroit Tigers 12-11 at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Earl Whitehill was the winning pitcher despite allowing 16 hits and 10 runs--8 earned--in 8+ innings.
75 years ago
The Battle of Britain began when Luftwaffe fighters attacked shipping convoys off the southeast coast of England.
Politics and government
The Vichy government was established in France, as the parliament passed a resolution giving total power to Marshal Philippe Petain.
The United States Senate approved Frank Knox as Secretary of the Navy.
Romania announced its withdrawal from the League of Nations.
Asking Congress for $4.8 billion in additional defense funds, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt promised, "We will not send our men to take part in European wars." The Senate passed and sent to conference a "$75-billion two-ocean navy bill.
70 years ago
Acting U.S. Secretary of State Joseph Grew denied rumours that the U.S. had received peace feelers from Japan. In the greatest combined air assault on Japan to date, 600 U.S. Superfortresses, 1,000 carrier-based craft, and 300 planes from Okinawa attacked several cities on the Japanese island of Honshu. Australian and Dutch troops in Borneo occupied Teloktebang and Kariango peninsulas along Balik Papan Bay near the mouth of the Sumber River. Counterattacking Japanese troops forced the British from Nyaungkasho, an outpost on the lower Sittang River bend 70 miles northeast of the Burmese capital of Rangoon.
El Salvador's Constitutional Assembly ratified the United Nations Charter.
The United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee debated whether the U.S. representative to the United Nations Security Council shall have the right to vote on the use of U.S. forces against an aggressor.
The United States Army relinquished operation of the Irnian state railway to the Iranian government.
Five German soldiers were hanged at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas for the November 4, 1943 slaying of fellow prisoner Johannes Kunze in Tonkawa, Oklahoma. Mr. Kunze had been beaten to death after being accused of writing a "traitorous" note. The five executed men had been sentenced to death on January 25, 1944 by a court martial and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt had approved the death sentences on October 5, 1944.
The 16,000 striking employees of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company in Akron, Ohio refused a National War Labor Board request to return to work.
Bert Shepard, who had lost the lower part of his right leg while fighting in World War II in 1944 but had been hired by the Washington Nationals as a coach in 1945, was the starting pitcher for the Nationals in an exhibition game against the Brooklyn Dodgers before more than 23,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Mr. Shepard walked the first 2 batters to face him before settling down, allowing just 1 hit and no runs for the first 3 innings. He allowed 4 straight singles and 2 runs in the 4th inning, but left the game after that inning with the Nationals leading 3-2, and was declared the winning pitcher.
50 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)
#1 single in France: La Danse de Zorba--Mikis Theodorakis (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Ciao, ciao--Petula Clark
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Il Silenzio--Nini Rosso
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Wooly Bully--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I'm Alive--The Hollies (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones
2 I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)--The Four Tops
3 I'm Henry VIII, I Am--Herman's Hermits
4 Mr. Tambourine Man--The Byrds
5 Yes, I'm Ready--Barbara Mason
6 Wonderful World--Herman's Hermits
7 Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley
8 Cara, Mia--Jay & the Americans
9 Seventh Son--Johnny Rivers
10 You Turn Me On (Turn On Song)--Ian Whitcomb and Bluesville
Singles entering the chart were (Say) You're My Girl by Roy Orbison (#66); To Know You is to Love You by Peter and Gordon (#67); One Dyin' and a Buryin' (#71)/It Happened Just That Way (#100) by Roger Miller; Unchained Melody by the Righteous Brothers (#73); Here I Am by Dionne Warwick (#77); You'd Better Come Home by Petula Clark (#78); Fly Me to the Moon (In Other Words) by Tony Bennett (#80); Around the Corner by the Duprees (#85); Yakety Axe by Chet Atkins (#86); The Tracks of My Tears by the Miracles (#87); After Loving You by Della Reese (#88); You Better Go by Derek Martin (#89); Why Don't You Believe Me by Vic Damone (#95); The Loser by the Skyliners (#96); It's Too Late, Baby Too Late by Arthur Prysock (#97); Stop! Look What You're Doing by Carla Thomas (#98); and It's Gonna Be Fine by Glenn Yarbrough (also #100). Yakety Axe was a guitar-based cover of Yakety Sax, which had been a hit for Boots Randolph in 1963.
40 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'm Not in Love--10 C.C. (2nd week at #1)
Died on this date
Bruce Ohlinger, 52. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Ohlinger was an outfielder and catcher with nine minor league teams from 1941-1942 and 1946-1954. An incomplete statistical record lists his career average at .296 for the years 1946-1954.
Two days of talks began in Geneva between U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko. The subjects included the Middle East and nuclear arms limitations.
Politics and government
The Gabon-based Movement for the Liberation of Sao Tome and Principe unanimously named Manuel Pinta da Costa as head of state.
British Columbia (2-0-1) 4 @ Toronto (1-2) 0
Eric Guthrie kicked a 26-yard field goal with 8:15 remaining in the 2nd quarter and a 27-yard single with 5:47 remaining in the game as the Lions blanked the Argonauts before 32,234 fans at CNE Stadium on a field made wet by a rainstorm before the game.
Tony Oliva batted 4 for 4 with a home run as the Minnesota Twins beat the New York Yankees 6-3 before 12,556 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.
Cecil Cooper singled home Denny Doyle with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Boston Red Sox an 8-7 win over the Texas Rangers before 17,365 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Fred Lynn batted 3 for 4 with a home run, double, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in for the Red Sox, who led 7-3 after 7 innings.
John Montague pitched a 7-hit shutout and Ellis Valentine hit a 3-run home run as the Memphis Blues blanked the Pawtucket Red Sox 7-0 in an International League game at McCoy Stadium in Pawtucket.
Jack Heidemann, John Stearns, and John Milner hit home runs for the New York Mets as they beat the Tidewater Tides 9-7 in an exhibition game against their International League farm team at Metropolitan Memorial Park in Norfolk, Virginia. Mike Vail led the Tides with 2 triples and a double. Willie Mays came out of retirement to play for the Mets; he made 2 plate appearances, grounding out and drawing a base on balls.
Dick Allen and Jerry Martin hit home runs off Mr. Martin's brother Mike as the Philadelphia Phillies shut out the Toledo Mud Hens 3-0 in an exhibition game against their International League farm team at Lucas County Stadium in Toledo. Mike Martin had been called up from Rocky Mount in the Class A Carolina League to pitch for Toledo in this game.
30 years ago
The Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior was bombed and sunk in Auckland harbour by French DGSE agents, killing Dutch photographer Fernando Pereira, 35.
Coca-Cola announced that it was bringing back the original Coke and calling it Coca-Cola Classic. The "new" Coke (Coca-Cola with a new, sweeter taste) had been introduced a couple of months earlier, apparently as a result of consumer taste tests. The new taste was quickly panned by many (including this blogger), who found it too sweet. One of the blunders that Coca-Cola made in this situation was in not telling consumers that a preference for the new taste meant that the old flavour would be done away with. A few weeks after the new Coke appeared, the Chicago Tribune’s Bob Greene, whose column was widely syndicated throughout North America, wrote a column blasting the new Coke as "a disaster," and suggested that they bring back the old flavour. Coca-Cola adopted Mr. Greene’s suggestion, and manufactured both flavours. Eventually (I’m not sure when), the new Coke quietly disappeared, and the word "classic" no longer appeared on bottles and cans of Coca-Cola. The company’s president, whose name I forget, kept his job despite being supervising one of the greatest marketing blunders in history.
Calgary (0-1) 18 @ Montreal (2-0) 22
Rich Thomaselli rushed 2 yards for the winning touchdown at 7:25 of the fourth quarter as the Concordes rallied from a 15-0 deficit to defeat the Stampeders at Olympic Stadium.
25 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Whose Law (Is it Anyway?)--Guru Josh
Politics and government
At the 28th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in Moscow, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev was re-elected as the party’s general secretary by a 3-1 margin.
Major League All-Star Game @ Wrigley Field, Chicago
American League 2 National League 0
6 pitchers combined to hold the NL to 2 hits in a rain-delayed game before 39,071 fans. Julio Franco of the Texas Rangers drove in both runs in the 7th inning and was named the game's most valuable player.
20 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Scatman's World--Scatman John (3rd week at #1)
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Leave Virginia Alone--Rod Stewart (2nd week at #1)
2 This Ain't a Love Song--Bon Jovi
3 Misery--Soul Asylum
4 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
5 December--Collective Soul
6 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men
7 I'll Be There for You--The Rembrandts
8 Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me--U2
9 Genuine--Mae Moore
10 I Believe--Blessid Union of Souls
Singles entering the chart were Where Do I Go from Here? by Jon Secada (#71); Colors of the Wind by Vanessa Williams (#72); This is a Call by Foo Fighters (#77); Beneath My Hand by 13 Engines (#79); Down from Above by Moxy Fruvous (#82); Waterfalls by TLC (#89); Human Nature by Madonna (#90); and Kiss from a Rose by Seal (#91).
Pro-democracy activist Saw Aung San Suu Kyi, winner of the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize, was freed from house arrest by the government of Myanmar. In 1988 she had helped to found the National League for Democracy, which had won the national election in 1990, only to have the results nullified by the ruling junta. Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi had been placed under house arrest in 1989 for "endangering the state."
10 years ago
Hurricane Dennis slammed into the Florida Panhandle, causing billions of dollars in damage.
The Bowery Boys’ William Shakespeare Collection: Four stories of the Bard and the big city - William Shakespeare died 402 years ago today — April 23, 1616. Seven years earlier, his countryman Henry Hudson, sailing for The post The Bowery Boys’ Wi...
6 hours ago