160 years ago
Jean-François Gravelet became the first person to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope.
150 years ago
Died on this date
Etienne-Paschal Taché, 69. Joint Premier of the Province of Canada, 1855-1857, 1864-1865. Dr. Taché, a physician, was Joint Premier of the Province of Canada for Canada East, with Allan MacNab for Canada West from 1855-1856 and John A. Macdonald from 1856-1857 and 1864-1865. Dr. Taché presided at the Quebec Conference in 1864 and was one of the Fathers of Confederation.
The steamboat Brother Jonathan sank off the coast of Crescent City, California, killing 225 of 244 people aboard in the deadliest shipwreck on the Pacific coast of the United States at the time.
125 years ago
Born on this date
Casey Stengel. U.S. baseball player and manager. Charles Dillon Stengel, who acquired his nickname from the initials of his birthplace of Kansas City, Missouri, was one of the most colourful characters in baseball history. He was an outfielder with the Brooklyn Dodgers/Superbas/Robins (1912-1917); Pittsburgh Pirates (1918-1919); Philadelphia Phillies (1920-1921); New York Giants (1921-1923); and Boston Braves (1924-1925), batting .284 with 60 home runs and 535 runs batted in in 1,277 games. He played in the World Series of 1916, 1922, and 1923, with the highlight probably being the first game of the 1923 World Series, when he hit an inside-the-park home run in the top of the 9th inning to give the Giants a 1-0 win over the New York Yankees in the first World Series game ever played at Yankee Stadium. As a manager, Mr. Stengel acquired the nickname "The Old Perfessor;" he managed the Dodgers (1934-1936) and Boston Bees and Braves (1938-1943) without success, but led the Milwaukee Brewers to the American Association pennant in 1944 and accomplished the same thing with the Oakland Oaks of the Pacific Coast League in 1948. He was then hired to manage the New York Yankees, and led them to 10 pennants and 7 World Series championships in 12 seasons from 1949-1960, including a record 5 straight World Series victories from 1949-1953. Mr. Stengel managed the expansion New York Mets from 1962-1965, but the untalented team posted the worst record in the major leagues every season, and he announced his retirement late in August 1965, a month after breaking his hip in a fall. Mr. Stengel retired with a major league managerial record of 1,905 wins and 1,842 losses in 25 seasons. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1966, and died on September 29, 1975 at the age of 85.
Florence Nightingale, the nurse who achieved fame for her work in the Crimean War (1853-1856), made a recording which is currently in the collection of the BBC Sound Archive.
75 years ago
British Minister of Economic Warfare Hugh Dalton announced that all ships going to the European continent without navicerts would be subject to prize court action.
Foreign ministers of the American republics at the Pan-American Consultative Conference in Havana signed the final accord dealing with economic and defense cooperation.
Politics and government
Al Smith, the Democratic Party's unsuccessful candidate for President of the United States in 1928, announced that he would support Republican nominee Wendell Willkie against incumbent President and fellow Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt in the November 1940 election.
70 years ago
A group of 4,500 soldiers returned to Canada from fighting in Europe, arriving at Quebec City. The United States Navy cruiser USS Indianapolis, which had just delivered key components of the Hiroshima atomic bomb to the Pacific island of Tinian, was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-58. Only 316 out of 1,196 men survived the sinking and shark-infested waters.
U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairmen Tom Connally (Democrat--Texas) and Arthur Vandenberg (Republican--Michigan) disagreed as to whether the President could act alone in appointing the U.S. delegate to the United Nations Security Council.
Politics and government
Chinese Premier T.V. Soong relinquished his post as Foreign Minister and was named vice-chairman of the joint administration office of the four government banks.
The U.S. Office of Defense Transportation announced that the 1,700 siezed Chicago truck lines would be returned to their owners on August 1, 1945.
Byron Nelson won the All American Tournament in Chicago.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Les Baxter and his Orchestra; Perez Prado and his Orchestra
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Rose Marie--Slim Whitman (2nd week at #1)
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1); Learnin' the Blues--Frank Sinatra (Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets (4th week at #1)
2 Learnin' the Blues--Frank Sinatra
3 Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra
4 Unchained Melody--Les Baxter and his Orchestra
5 Something's Gotta Give--The McGuire Sisters
--Sammy Davis, Jr.
6 Ain't That a Shame--Pat Boone
7 A Blossom Fell--Nat "King" Cole
8 Hard to Get--Gisele MacKenzie
9 Honey-Babe--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
10 Sweet and Gentle--Alan Dale
Singles entering the chart were The Yellow Rose of Texas by Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (#40); The Bible Tells Me So by Don Cornell (#43); Sailor Boys Have Talk to Me in English by Rosemary Clooney (#44); Every Day by Patti Page (#48); and Don't Stay Away Too Long by Eddie Fisher (#49). Every Day was the B-side (or maybe the A-side) of Piddily Patter Patter, charting at #25. Don't Stay Away Too Long was the B-side (or maybe the A-side) of Song of the Dreamer, charting at #37.
At the movies
Mister Roberts, directed by John Ford and Mervyn LeRoy, and starring Henry Fonda, James Cagney, William Powell, and Jack Lemmon, opened in theatres.
Winnipeg Blue Bombers' intrasquad game
Blue 23 White 12
Buddy Leake scored a touchdown and 2 converts to lead Blue to victory at Winnipeg Stadium.
Edmonton Eskimos' intrasquad game
Gold 18 Green 6
Rookie Gino Fracas scored a touchdown and 3 converts for Gold as they defeated Green at Clarke Stadium. Frank Anderson and rookie Rollie Cook scored the other Gold touchdowns. Steve Mendryk scored the Green touchdown, converted by Bob Dean.
The New York Giants sold pitcher Sal Maglie to the Cleveland Indians for $25,000. Mr. Maglie, in his seventh season with the Giants, had a record of 9-5 with an earned run average of 3.74 in 23 games with New York in 1955.
50 years ago
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 I'm Henry VIII, I Am--Herman's Hermits (5th week at #1)
2 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones
3 Down in the Boondocks--Billy Joe Royal
4 Trains and Boats and Planes--Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas
5 What's New Pussycat?--Tom Jones
6 I Like it Like That--The Dave Clark Five
7 Sunshine, Lollipops and Rainbows--Lesley Gore
8 Save Your Heart for Me--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
9 Help!--The Beatles
10 Don't Just Stand There--Patty Duke
Pick hit of the week: California Girls--The Beach Boys
New this week: Heart Full of Soul--The Yardbirds
It's the Only Way to Fly--Jewel Akens
It's the Same Old Song--The Four Tops
The World Through a Tear--Neil Sedaka
The United States launched the satellite Pegasus 3, whose mission was to study micrometeroids.
U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid. The ceremony took place at the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum in Independence, Missouri.
Winnipeg (1-0) 21 @ Edmonton (0-1) 14
Dave Raimey, who had spent the 1963 season on Winnipeg's injured list before joining the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League in 1964, finally played his first Canadian Football League game, and returned the opening kickoff 105 yards for a touchdown as the Blue Bombers defeated the Eskimos before 16,123 fans at Clarke Stadium in the first CFL regular season game ever played in July. Jim Thomas rushed for one Edmonton touchdown and John Greiner, playing his first game, scored his only CFL touchdown on a pass from Jon Anabo. Other players making their CFL debuts included Winnipeg linebacker Phil Minnick and Edmonton defensive end Ron Forwick. Including post-season games, the win was the 100th for Bud Grant since becoming head coach of the Blue Bombers in 1957. The win ended a 13-game losing streak for Winnipeg going back to August 1964.
40 years ago
Died on this date
Jimmy Hoffa, 62. U.S. labour leader. Mr. Hoffa was president of the trucking union International Brotherhood of Teamsters from 1958-1971. He became involved with organized crime and was the subject of a vendetta on the party of U.S. Attorney General Robert F.Kennedy in the early 1960s. Mr. Hoffa was convicted of jury tampering and other charges in 1964 and was imprisoned from 1967-1971, but was released by U.S. President Richard Nixon, with the provision that Mr. Hoffa refrain from union activity until 1980, when his sentence would have ended. Mr. Hoffa, who had spent several years unsuccessfully trying to overturn the restriction on his union activity, was last seen in the back seat of a car leaving the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, at about 2:30 p.m. on July 30, 1975. He was never seen or heard from again, and was declared legally dead on this date in 1982.
James Blish, 54. U.S. author. Mr. Blish was a fantasy and science fiction writer whose writings included adaptations of episodes of the television series Star Trek.
A European summit conference opened in Helsinki with leaders from 33 European nations, the United States, and Canada.
17-year-old Cindy Nicholas of Toronto set a women's record time for swimming the English Channel in 9 hours and 46 minutes.
Ottawa (2-0) 31 @ Hamilton (0-2) 9
British Columbia (0-2) 28 @ Calgary (1-1) 30
Rookie quarterback Condredge Holloway, making his first regular season start, threw 4 touchdown passes to lead the Rough Riders over the Tiger-Cats at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Two of Mr. Holloway's touchdown passes went to tight end Tony Gabriel, who was playing his first game back in Hamilton after four seasons with the Tiger-Cats. Mr. Holloway's other TD passes went to running backs Art Green and John Bledsoe. Andy Hopkins rushed 1 yard for the only Hamilton touchdown in the 4th quarter. It was the first game in a Hamilton uniform for quarterback Jerry Keeling, who had started for the Rough Riders in their season opener a week earlier.
Backup quarterback Karl Douglas completed an 18-yard touchdown pass to Glen Scolnik on the last play of the game to give the Stampeders their win over the Lions before 23,010 fans at McMahon Stadium. Several B.C. players and other observers claimed that Mr. Douglas had crossed the line of scrimmage when he threw the ball. The Stampeders trailed 28-14 midway through the 4th quarter before Cyril McFall kicked a 43-yard field goal with 7:02 remaining and Mr. Douglas, who had replaced starter Joe Pisarcik at 3:15 of the final quarter, connected with Rudy Linterman for a 12-yard TD with 2:23 remaining, followed by an unsuccessful 2-point convert attempt. The Stampeders also scored 2 touchdowns in the last 2:11 of the 2nd quarter on a 1-yard rush by Rick Galbos and a 35-yard pass from Mr. Pisarcik to Tom Forzani. B.C. quarterback Don Moorhead rushed for 3 touchdowns and passed 27 yards to Jim Young in the 1st quarter for the other B.C. TD.
The Pittsburgh Pirates released infielder Paul Popovich, ending his career. In 25 games in 1975, Mr. Popovich was batting .200 with no home runs and 1 run batted in. His last appearance came a week before his release, when he singled as a pinch hitter and scored. Mr. Popovich played with the Chicago Cubs (1964, 1966-1967, 1969-1973); Los Angeles Dodgers (1968-1969); and Pittsburgh Pirates (1974-1975), batting .233 with 14 home runs and 134 runs batted in in 682 games. On June 11,1969, he was part of a three-team trade that saw him go from the Dodgers to the Montreal Expos and promptly from the Expos to the Cubs.
Willie Davis's 3-run home run was the big blow as the St. Louis Cardinals scored 5 runs in the 2nd inning and defeated the New York Mets 5-2 before 14,226 fans--including this blogger and his parents--at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The Mets scored both their runs in the 1st inning. St. Louis shortstop Larry Lintz, making his first start and second appearance since being acquired five days earlier in a trade with the Montreal Expos, walked and scored the Cardinals' first run. He also singled and made an error. John Curtis pitched a 10-hit complete game victory, while New York starting and losing pitcher Randy Tate lasted just 1 2/3 innings, allowing 5 hits, 5 bases on balls, and 5 earned runs.
Steve Rogers pitched an 8-hit complete game victory and singled home the game's first run as the Montreal Expos defeated the Chicago Cubs 6-1 before 11,117 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Montreal first baseman Mike Jorgensen batted 3 for 4 with a home run and a double.
Manny Sanguillen batted 5 for 5 with a home run, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Philadelphia Phillies 8-1 before 43,260 fans at Three Rivers Stadium. Jerry Reuss pitched a 9-hit complete game victory.
Johnny Bench batted 3 for 3 with 2 doubles, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in as the Cincinnati Reds defeated the San Francisco Giants 6-1 before 28,568 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Pat Darcy pitched an 8-hit complete game for the win, ending a major league record streak of 45 games for the Reds without a complete game.
The Houston Astros scored 5 runs in the 6th inning and 3 in the 8th as they defeated the San Diego Padres 8-4 before 7,547 fans at the Astrodome. The first 5 Houston runs scored on a 3-run home run by Jose Cruz and a 2-run homer by Doug Rader. Jose Sosa, making just his third appearance in the major leagues, entered the game as a relief pitcher for Houston in the top of the 8th; in the bottom of the inning, he hit a 3-run homer in his first major league at bat. Mr. Sosa then pitched a scoreless 9th inning to get his first major league save, with Doug Konieczny getting the win.
Doubles by Bobby Bonds and Roy White and a single by Thurman Munson produced 2 runs in the bottom of the 6th inning, enabling the New York Yankees to edge the Detroit Tigers 2-1 before 12,591 fans at Shea Stadium in New York in a game that was completed in 1 hour and 52 minutes. Rudy May pitched a 3-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Mickey Lolich, who pitched a 5-hit complete game.
Johnny Ellis hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 8th inning to break a 1-1 tie and give the Cleveland Indians a 3-1 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 13,998 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Dennis Eckersley pitched a 4-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Mike Cuellar, who also pitched a 4-hitter.
Fred Patek batted 4 for 5 with a double, a run, and 3 runs batted in as the Kansas City Royals defeated the Minnesota Twins 6-4 before 6,906 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Kansas City third baseman George Brett was 3 for 4.
Bert Campaneris hit a home run in the 3rd inning for the game's only run as the Oakland Athletics edged the Texas Rangers 1-0 before 6,631 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum in a game that took just 1 hour and 44 minutes to play. Ken Holtzman allowed 5 hits in 8 1/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Ferguson Jenkins, who also allowed only 5 hits. When Toby Harrah and Tom Grieve singled in the top of the 9th inning, Rollie Fingers relieved Mr. Holtzman and struck out Jeff Burroughs, and Paul Lindblad relived Mr. Fingers and retired Jim Spencer on a ground out to end the game.
The California Angels scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Chicago White Sox 5-4 before 11,095 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Jim Kaat pitched 8+ innings for Chicago, but left after walking Lee Stanton and allowing singles by Tommy Harper and John Balaz to load the bases. Goose Gossage relieved Mr. Kaat and promptly walked Joe Lahoud to force in a run, and pinch hitter John Doherty followed with a single to score Messrs. Harper and Balaz to end the game. Nolan Ryan pitched a complete game to get the win for the Angels, walking 7 batters and striking out 5 as his record for the season improved to 12-11. Mr. Kaat took the loss, dropping to 15-8. For Mr. Doherty, his game-winning hit marked his last appearance in a major league game; he was demoted to the Salt Lake City Gulls of the Pacific Coast League, and remained at the AAA level through the end of his career in 1978.
25 years ago
Died on this date
Ian Gow, 53. U.K. politician. Mr. Gow, the Member of Parliament for Eastbourne since 1974, former cabinet minister, and close adviser and friend to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, was killed at his home in Hankham, East Sussex, when a bomb blew up his car. Mr. Gow had been a frequent critic of the Irish Republican Army.
At least 200 civilians, and possibly many more, were killed when Liberian government troops stormed a Lutheran church in Monrovia.
Quebec Superior Court Judge John Gomery denied Mohawks a temporary injunction to remove police roadblocks at the Oka reserve, ruling that the roadblocks were justified because the Mohawks were breaking the law.
Goose Bay Newfoundland - US announces it will withdraw planes and troops from Canadian Forces Base Goose Bay Labrador by following July; may cost 237 jobs and $25 million in economic benefits; after 48 years on the base.
Economics and finance
In testimony before a U.S. House of Representatives committee, Resolution Trust Corporation Chairman William Seidman and U.S. Treasury Secretary Robert Glauber said that RTC would need up to $100 billion in fiscal 1991 to continue the savings and loan bailout effort. This was twice the amount of money previously allocated for the rescue operation. A slump in real estate values and a higher failure rate among thrift institutions were blamed for the need for more money.
Victor Rice announced that Varity Corporation--formerly Massey-Ferguson--would reincorporate in Buffalo, New York.
Baseball Commissioner Fay Vincent banned New York Yankees’ owner George Steinbrenner for life from day-to-day operation of the team, and ordered him to resign as the club’s general partner by August 20. The ruling resulted from Mr. Steinbrenner’s payment of $40,000 to known gambler Howie Spira to obtain damaging information about outfielder Dave Winfield. When the announcement was flashed on the Yankee Stadium scoreboard, fans reacted with a 90-second standing ovation.
In the game that featured the announcement and ovation for the banishment of New York Yankees' owner George Steinbrenner, the Yankees defeated the Detroit Tigers 6-2 before 24,037 fans at Yankee Stadium. Rookie center fielder Oscar Azocar led the Yankees, batting 3 for 4 with a home run, 3 runs, 2 runs batted in, and a stolen base. Dave LaPoint pitched a 6-hit complete game victory. Cecil Fielder hit his 33rd homer of the season for Detroit.
The Atlanta Braves edged the San Diego Padres 4-3 in 11 innings before 18,076 fans at San Diego-Jack Murphy Stadium despite surrendering Jack Clark’s 300th career major league home run, which had tied the game with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning. Oddibe McDowell led off the top of the 11th with a home run off Calvin Schiraldi for the winning run.
20 years ago
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Wish You were Here--Rednex (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Wish You were Here--Rednex (3rd week at #1)
Six weeks of peace talks, overseen by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, concluded with an agreement to end fighting between the forces of Russia and the breakaway republic of Chechnya.
Moore Corporation launched a hostile U.S. $1.3-billion takeover bid for high-technology competitor Wallace Computer Services Inc.
San Antonio (3-3) 36 @ Saskatchewan (0-5) 15
David Archer threw touchdown passes of 75 yards to Myron Wise and 6 yards to Joe Kralik as the Texans built a 29-3 halftime lead and coasted to victory over the Roughriders before 22,215 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Mike Saunders rushed 7 yards for the other San Antonio TD late in the game. Roman Anderson added 3 converts and 5 field goals. Quarterback Warren Jones scored the only Saskatchewan touchdown on a 20-yard rush in the 4th quarter, followed by a 2-point convert pass to Darren Joseph.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Ray Cunningham, 100. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Cunningham was a third baseman and second baseman who played 3 games with the St. Louis Cardinals in 1931 and 11 games in 1932, batting .154 with no home runs and 1 run batted in. An injury to his throwing arm reportedly shortened his major league career. Mr. Cunningham played with various minor league teams from at least 1926-1936.
John Garang, 60. President of Southern Sudan Autonomous Region, 2005. Mr. Garang, an economist of Dinka ethnicity, led the Sudan People's Liberation Army during the Second Sudanese Civil War. He was killed in a helicopter crash just 21 days after taking office, and was succeeded by Salva Kiir Mayardit.
Hamilton (0-5) 30 @ Edmonton (5-1) 36
Ricky Ray completed 25 of 36 passes for 369 yards and 5 touchdowns as the Eskimos withstood a determined effort from the Tiger-Cats before 38,018 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Jason Tucker led the Eskimos with 8 receptions for 122 yards and 2 touchdowns, with Mathieu Bertrand, Trevor Gaylor, and Mookie Mitchell scoring the other Edmonton TDs. Danny McManus started at quarterback for Hamilton and threw a touchdown pass to D.J. Flick, and backup quarterback Marcus Brady completed 2 TD passes to former Eskimo Chris Brazzell.
Damnation Island: The mad, disturbing horrors of 19th century institutions for the ‘undesirable’ - Little remains on Roosevelt Island today to remind us of its ghastly, unspeakable past, of the terrible days when it The post Damnation Island: The mad, ...
3 hours ago