240 years ago
Commander-in-chief George Washington took command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
130 years ago
Jim McCormick earned his 200th career major league victory as the Providence Grays edged the St. Louis Maroons 3-2 in a National League game in St. Louis.
125 years ago
Idaho entered the union as the 43rd state.
80 years ago
Died on this date
André Citroën, 57. French automobile executive. Mr. Citroën founded the Citroën Company in 1919. He died of stomach cancer.
75 years ago
The first group of German prisoners of war arrived in Canada. King George VI of Great Britain declined to send Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret to Canada for protection in wartime. In order to stop their ships from falling into German hands, the French fleet of the Atlantic, based at Mers El Kébir, was bombarded by the British fleet coming from Gibraltar, causing the loss of the battleships Dunkerque, Provence, and Bretagne, and the deaths of 1,200 sailors. Soviet forces completed their occupation of ceded Romanian provinces. Japanese troops closed virtually all land communication between Hong Kong and mainland China.
Franz Rademacher, head of the Jewish Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the Nazi government of Fuehrer Adolf Hitler, proposed a plan to make Madagascar the "Jewish homeland." German military forces were days away from winning the Battle of France, and Mr. Rademacher's proposal called for Madagascar--then a French colony--to be handed over to Germany as part of the French surrender terms.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt prepared legislation requesting $5 billion more for national defense.
Politics and government
A county court in Detroit ruled that, in the absence of specific legislation to the contrary, the Communist Party must be allowed a space on Michigan's state electoral ballot.
Pee Wee Reese’s grand slam in the 9th inning led the Brooklyn Dodgers to a 7-3 win over the New York Giants before 18,960 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York.
Jimmie Foxx’s home run was the key blow as the Boston Red Sox scored 6 runs in the 9th inning to overcome a 7-run deficit and defeat the Philadelphia Athletics 12-11 before 2,400 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Ted Williams and Jim Tabor each hit 3-run home runs for the Red Sox, and Joe Cronin also homered for Boston. Sam Chapman hit 2 home runs for the Athletics, while Dick Siebert also homered for Philadelphia.
70 years ago
More than 450 U.S. Superfortresses dropped 3,000 tons of incendiary bombs on Tokushima, Takamatsu, and Kochi on the Japanese island of Shikoku; Ube on Honshu; and Kumamoto on Kyushu, destroying 48%-78% of the target areas.
American and British troops began moving into Berlin, but traffic and other problems limited the entry to a trickle.
Politics and government
The new Polish government assured the U.S. and U.K. that "free and unfettered elections" would be held as soon as possible.
Harry Hopkins, special adviser to U.S. Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry Truman, resigned because of ill health.
After being sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, James Byrnes said that there would be no change in U.S. foreign policy and no personnel changes until he returned from the upcoming U.S.-U.K.-U.S.S.R. summit in Germany.
U.S. President Truman ordered all but six federal agencies to reduce their work week from 48-44 hours, affecting 2.5 million employees.
U.S. President Truman signed a bill to pay $101,630 to Sioux Indians for ponies the United States Army had taken from them after the defeat of the forces of General George Custer at the Battle of Little Big Horn in Montana in 1876.
The United States Navy ended segregation of Negroes from whites in training.
Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board raised margin requirements from 50%-75%, the highest ever, to cut down on speculation in the stock market.
50 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in France: La Danse de Zorba--Mikis Theodorakis (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Quello sbagliato--Bobby Solo
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heute male ich dein Bild, Cindy Lou--Drafi Deutscher (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ticket to Ride--The Beatles (9th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I'm Alive--The Hollies
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)--The Four Tops (2nd week at #1)
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mr. Tambourine Man--The Byrds
2 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones
3 I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)--The Four Tops
4 Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley
5 Wonderful World--Herman's Hermits
6 For Your Love--The Yardbirds
7 Yes, I'm Ready--Barbara Mason
8 Wooly Bully--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
9 A Walk in the Black Forest--Horst Jankowski and his Orchestra
10 Hush, Hush Sweet Charlotte--Patti Page
Singles entering the chart were I'm Henry VIII, I Am by Herman's Hermits (#18); All I Really Want to Do, with versions by the Byrds and Cher (#71); One Step at a Time by Maxine Brown (#75); Pretty Little Baby by Marvin Gaye (#76); Save Your Heart for Me by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#77); I Can't Work No Longer by Billy Butler and the Chanters (#84); Down in the Boondocks by Billy Joe Royal (#86); I'm a Fool by Dino, Desi and Billy (#87); Theme from "Harlow" (Lonely Girl) by Bobby Vinton (#90); I'll Always Love You by the Spinners (#92); If You Really Want Me To, I'll Go by the Ron-Dels (#93); One Monkey Don't Stop No Show by Joe Tex (#94); I Want You Back Again by the Zombies (#96); Hallelujah by the Invitations (#98); Justine by the Righteous Brothers (#99); and Buster Browne by Willie Mitchell (#100).
Died on this date
Trigger, 31. U.S. horse. Trigger, originally named Golden Cloud, was the horse that cowboy star Roy Rogers rode in movies and television programs in the 1940s and '50s.
The Beatles concluded their European tour with a concert at Plaza de Toros la Monumental in Barcelona.
The Cincinnati Reds scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 10-8 before 25,152 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. Before the game, Philadelphia third baseman Richie Allen got into a fight with veteran outfielder Frank Thomas during batting practice. Mr. Allen then batted 3 for 4 with a triple and 4 runs batted in. Mr. Thomas came to bat as a pinch hitter in the bottom of the 8th inning with the Phillies trailing 8-7 and hit his first home run of the season to tie the game. He remained in the game in left field for the 9th inning, but was released after the game.
Tracy Stallard allowed just 4 hits over 7 innings and Hal Woodeshick allowed 2 hits in 2 innings, but no runs, as the St. Louis Cardinals blanked the New York Mets 2-0 before 28,041 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Phil Gagliano's 2-run home run off Jack Fisher in the 6th inning provided all the scoring. Mr. Fisher allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings in taking the loss.
Sandy Koufax pitched a 5-hit complete game and had a double as the Los Angeles Dodgers beat the Houston Astros 3-1 before 50,136 fans at the Astrodome. Mr. Koufax, who improved his record for the season to 14-3, lost his shutout with 1 out in the 8th inning on a home run by rookie Houston second baseman Joe Morgan.
The Baltimore Orioles scored 7 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to beat the Cleveland Indians 8-4 before 7,403 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Curt Blefary hit a solo home run for Baltimore in the 4th inning and a 3-run homer in the 8th.
Denny McLain allowed just 1 hit and had a single of his own as the Detroit Tigers edged the Washington Senators 1-0 before 3,447 fans at District of Columbia Stadium in a game called after 5 innings because of rain. The only run scored in the top of the 3rd inning when Ray Oyler led off with a single, and Mr. McLain attempted a sacrifice bunt, but beat it out for a hit, and advanced to second base, with Mr. Oyler going to third, when Washington pitcher Pete Richert, threw wildly to first base in an attempt to retire Mr. McLain. George Thomas then hit a sacrifice fly to right fielder Jim King to score Mr. Oyler with an unearned run.
Bobby Richardson led off the game with his first home run of the season and Elston Howard and Clete Boyer also homered as the New York Yankees beat the Boston Red Sox 6-2 before 8,690 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.
Don Mincher led off the top of the 11th inning with his second solo home run of the game to give the Minnesota Twins a 3-2 win over the Kansas City Athletics before 32,503 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City.
40 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'm Not in Love--10 C.C.
Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nadin!
Died on this date
Elmer Oliphant, 82. U.S. football player. "Ollie" Oliphant was a fullback with Purdue University (1912-1915) and the United States Military Academy (1916-1917), scoring 435 points--135 at Purdue, and 300 at West Point. He played professionally in the American Professional Football Association with the Rochester Jeffersons (1920) and Buffalo All-Americans (1921), leading the APFA (now the NFL) in scoring, field goals, and extra points in 1921. Mr. Oliphant became a successful executive with Metropolitan Life Insurance Company after his athletic career. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1955, and died six days before his 83rd birthday.
Former U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell was barred from practicing law in the state of New York because of his activities in association with the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and the subsequent cover-up.
Ottawa (0-2) 31 @ British Columbia (1-0) 41
The Lions built a 28-0 lead in the 2nd quarter and held on to defeat the Rough Riders before 14,334 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. It was the last game for B.C. linebacker and former Rough Rider Dan Dever, as he suffered a broken ankle and torn knee ligaments, and never played again.
Art Gardner, George Pena, and Roe Skidmore each had 3 hits as the Iowa Oaks edged the Evansville Triplets 6-5 in an American Association game at Sec Taylor Stadium in Des Moines. Boots Day, attempting to make it back to the major leagues as a pitcher after spending several years as an outfielder with the Chicago Cubs and Montreal Expos, started on the mound for Evansville and allowed 7 hits and 3 runs in 3 1/3 innings, but it was reliever Tom Makowski who was charged with the loss.
The Salt Lake City Gulls scored 24 runs in a Pacific Coast League doubleheader against the Albuquerque Dukes at Albuquerque Sports Stadium, but had to settle for a split. The Gulls amassed 20 hits in winning the opener 17-3, with Chuck Dobson pitching a 7-hit complete game victory. The Dukes won the second game 10-7, with Dick Selma getting the win in relief.
30 years ago
At the movies
Back to the Future, starring Michael J. Fox and Christopher Lloyd, opened in theatres.
Died on this date
Frank J. Selke, 92. Canadian hockey executive. Mr. Selke was assistant to Toronto Maple Leafs' owner Conn Smythe from 1929-1946, and general manager of the Montreal Canadiens from 1946-1964. Mr. Selke assembled the Montreal team that won a record five straight Stanley Cups from 1955-60. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1960. The Frank J. Selke Trophy is awarded annually to the best defensive forward in the National Hockey League.
25 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Sydän tyhjää lyö--Eppu Normaali (2nd week at #1)
Politics and government
At the 28th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in Moscow, Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze criticized defense spending as too high, and warned against military influence in shaping foreign policy. Yegor Ligachev, a "conservative," got a positive response form the audience when he denounced reform as "thoughtless radicalism," and opposed the draft party platform.
Larry Tudor of Santa Ana, California set a certified world "open distance" paragliding record of 303 miles. Finding some two dozen hot, light air masses called thermals, he soared as high as 13,500 feet, floating from an airpark in Hobbs, New Mexico to a fast-food restaurant in Elkhart, Kansas. The 300-mile barrier had never before been broken.
The government of Saudi Arabia announced that 1,426 Muslim pilgrims had been killed when a stampede occurred in a tunnel leading from a nearby tent city to the holy sites in Mecca. 50,000 people were crowded into the tunnel, which was 500 yards long and 20 yards wide. The crowd panicked after 7 people fell from a bridge at the entrance to the tunnel. The victims, including many from Indonesia, Pakistan, Egypt, and Malaysia, were suffocated or trampled to death.
Calgary (1-1) 27 @ Hamilton (1-1) 28
Saskatchewan (0-3) 23 @ Edmonton (1-1) 35
The game at Commonwealth Stadium attracted only about 15,000 fans, the smallest crowd ever for an Eskimo game in that stadium to date. It was a dreary day full of heavy rain, and the game probably should have been postponed for a day. The rain let up near the end of the first quarter, and it ended up being a nice night. The game was the last for 12-year veteran Edmonton offensive tackle Hector Pothier, who failed to survive cutdown day a few days later. It was also the second and last game in which kick returners Henry "Gizmo" Williams and Tony "Wiz" Hunter played as teammates. Mr. Williams had played in the NFL in 1989, and the Eskimos had recruited Mr. Hunter as his replacement. He did an outstanding job, but head coach Joe Faragalli decided not to keep both of them in 1990.
20 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Scatman's World--Scatman John (2nd week at #1)
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Leave Virginia Alone--Rod Stewart
2 December--Collective Soul
3 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
4 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men
5 Let Her Cry--Hootie & the Blowfish
6 I Believe--Blessid Union of Souls
7 I'll Be There for You--The Rembrandts
8 Genuine--Mae Moore
9 This Ain't a Love Song--Bon Jovi
10 Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me--U2
Singles entering the chart were The Bazaar by the Bazaar (#76); All Over You by Live (#78); Long Way to Go by John Bottomley (#83); A Whiter Shade of Pale by Annie Lennox (#87); Days Like This by Van Morrison (#89); Down and Dirty by Bad Company (#92); and You Oughta Know by Alanis Morisette (#95).
Died on this date
Pancho Gonzales, 67. U.S. tennis player. Mr. Gonzales, born Ricardo Alonso González, was the number one-ranked men's player in the world for eight years from 1952-1960. He won 17 major singles titles, including 15 Pro Slams and 2 Grand Slams.
Politics and government
The Saint Kitts and Nevis Labour Party won that country's general election and was restored to power after being in opposition for 15 years.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Gaylord Nelson, 89. U.S. politician. Mr. Nelson, a Democrat, was Governor of Wisconsin from 1959-1963 and represented Wisconsin in the United States Senate from 1963-1981. He was best known as the founder of Earth Day, which was first observed in 1970.
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