Monday, 20 July 2015

July 19, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Chris Walker and Chris Woods!

Transportation
Samuel Cunard's first steamship, the paddle steamer RMS Britannia, arrived at Boston from Halifax 14 days and 8 hours after leaving Liverpool, England. It was the first scheduled transatlantic mail service by steamship, and a blow to the age of sailing ship.

150 years ago
1865


Born on this date
Charles Mayo
. U.S. physician. Dr. Mayo and his brother William were among the founders of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. Dr. Charles Mayo died on May 26, 1939 at the age of 73.

140 years ago
1875


Politics and government
The Parliament of Canada Act was passed, defining the powers and privileges of its members.

125 years ago
1890


Born on this date
George II
. King of Greece, 1922-1924; 1935-1947. George II, the eldest son of King Constantine I, acceded to the throne when his father was forced to abdicate. He was deposed when a republic was declared in 1924, but returned to the throne when the monarchy was restored in 1935. King George II spent much of World War II in exile in Egypt and then in Britain, but returned in 1946. He died on April 1, 1947 at the age of 56 and was succeeded as King by his brother Paul.

80 years ago
1935


At the movies
Shanghai, starring Loretta Young, Charles Boyer, and Warner Oland, opened in theatres.

75 years ago
1940


War
German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler, in an address to the Reichstag, said that British Prime Minister Winston Churchill should recognize that Germany could not be stopped in her creation of a great empire, and that "reason and common sense" should compel Britain to agree to open peace negotiations. For the first time during World War II, Mr. Hitler appointed field marshals due to military achievements. The Intelligence Corps of the British Army was formed. The British Royal Navy and Italian Regia Marina clashed in the Battle of Cape Spada; the Australian cruiser Sydney and five destroyers sank the Italian light cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni, with the loss of 121 sailors. The U.K. Royal Air Force suffered serious losses in dogfights with German bombers and fighters over Dover.

Diplomacy
In response to notes from the German and British legations, the government of Costa Rica appealed to its citizens to curb propaganda.

A Gallup Poll reported 53% of Americans in favour of giving more aid to the United Kingdom, short of going to war.

Politics and government
The French government appointed Admiral Jean Marie Abrial as Governor-General of Algeria.

U.S. Senator Edward Burke (Democrat--Nebraska) announced that he would lead an organization of Democrats to support the campaign of Republican Party candidate Wendell Willkie, in opposition to Franklin D. Roosevelt's campaign for a third term as President of the United States.

U.S. Postmaster General James Farley announced in Chicago that he would resign as Democratic national chairman within a month.

Labour
American Federation of Labor President William Green, speaking in Quebec, claimed that the rank and file of the Congress of Industrial Organizations desired a labour truce, and that only United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis stood in the way. Mr. Green also said that his organization favoured aid to Britain "short of war."

Baseball
Buddy Rosar hit for the cycle and Babe Dahlgren hit 2 home runs as the New York Yankees beat the Cleveland Indians 15-6 before 6,768 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Yankees scored 7 runs in the 1st inning and 3 in the 2nd. Lefty Gomez was the winning pitcher, with relief from Johnny Murphy.

70 years ago
1945


War
Marianas-based U.S. Superfortresses struck at several industrial cities on the Japanese island of Honshu, destroying 65%-85% of target areas.

Politics and government
Colombian President Alfonso Lopez Pumarejo submitted his resignation to the Senate.

U.S. Senator Arthur Vandenberg (Republican--Michigan) made public a communication from Undersecretary of State Joseph Grew that the United States would insist on being a full and equal partner in supervising free elections in Poland.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate approved the Bretton Woods Agreement and sent it back to the House of Representatives for concurrence in several amendments.

The U.S. Office of Price Administration revealed part of its program to put ceiling prices on civilian goods made in the reconversion period, assuring industry reasonable profits to get production rolling.

The United States Senate passed the new tax bill designed to provide relief for business.

Business
The U.S. Army again seized five Chicago units of Montgomery Ward and Company because of the firm's failure to obey National War Labor Board directives.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Poupée De Cire, Poupée De Son--France Gall (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'm Alive--The Hollies

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Seventh Son--Johnny Rivers
2 What the World Needs Now is Love--Jackie DeShannon
3 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones
4 (Such An) Easy Question--Elvis Presley
5 Set Me Free--The Kinks
6 Sunshine, Lollipops and Rainbows--Lesley Gore
7 Down in the Boondocks--Billy Joe Royal
8 What's New Pussycat?--Tom Jones
9 (My Girl) Sloopy--Little Caesar and the Consuls
10 Where are You Now--Jackie Trent

Singles entering the chart were All I Really Want to Do by the Byrds (#32); Take Me Back by Little Anthony and the Imperials (#33); Save Your Heart for Me by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#34); You'd Better Come Home by Petula Clark (#35); My Name is Mud by Eddie Rambeau (#36); Justine by the Righteous Brothers (#37); (Say) You're My Girl by Roy Orbison (#38); Theme from "Harlow" (Lonely Girl) by Bobby Vinton (#39); and Won't Be a Lonely Summer by Diane Leigh (#40).

Died on this date
Syngman Rhee, 90
. 1st President of South Korea, 1948-1960. While Japan was occupying Korea, Mr. Rhee was President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in Exile from 1919-1925. He was elected President of South Korea with backing from the United States, and ruled as a strongman through the Korean War (1950-1953), until he resigned amid protests. Mr. Rhee and his wife were flown out of South Korea by the United States, and he died in exile in Honolulu.

Music
The single Help!/I'm Down by the Beatles was released on Capitol Records in North America; it was released in the United Kingdom four days later on Parlophone Records.

Politics and government
Yukon and Northwest Territories were represented for the first time at a federal-provincial conference.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Amore grande amore libero--Il Guar.del faro

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Stand by Your Man--Tammy Wynette

#1 single in the U.K.: Give a Little Love--Bay City Rollers

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Listen to What the Man Said--Wings

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
2 One of These Nights--The Eagles
3 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
4 Please Mr. Please--Olivia Newton-John
5 Magic--Pilot
6 Love Will Keep Us Together--The Captain & Tennille
7 I'm Not in Love--10 C.C.
8 Swearin' to God--Frankie Valli
9 Jive Talkin'--The Bee Gees
10 Rockin' Chair--Gwen McCrae

Singles entering the chart were (I Believe) There's Nothing Stronger than Our Love by Paul Anka with Odia Coates (#69); Blue Sky by Joan Baez (#82); Tush by ZZ Top (#83); Honey Trippin' by Mystic Moods (#89); Dance with Me by Orleans (#91); Come an' Get Yourself Some by Leon Heywood (#92); Three Steps from True Love by the Reflections (#94); Rocky by Austin Roberts (#96); God Bless Our Love by Charles Brimmer (#98); and Sneakin' Sally Through the Alley by Robert Palmer (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Magic--Pilot
2 I'm Not Lisa--Jessi Colter
3 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
4 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
5 Only Women--Alice Cooper
6 Hit the Road Jack--Stampeders
7 Old Days--Chicago
8 Wildfire--Michael Murphey
9 Christina--Terry Jacks
10 Please Mr. Please--Olivia Newton-John

Singles entering the chart were Our Day Will Come by Charity Brown (#94); The Biggest Parakeets in Town by Jud Strunk (#95); Send in the Clowns by Judy Collins (#96); 'Til the World Ends by Three Dog Night (#97); Get the Cream Off the Top by Eddie Kendricks (#98); Feelings by Morris Albert (#99); and Funny How Love Can Be by First Class (#100). Our Day Will Come was the B-side of Take Me in Your Arms (Rock Me a Little While), which had peaked at #5 on May 31 and had dropped off the chart after July 5.

Died on this date
Lefty Frizzell, 47
. U.S. musician. William Orville Frizzell was a country singer and songwriter who was popular in the 1950s and '60s, with songs such as Long Black Veil (1959) and Saginaw, Michigan (1964). He was a heavy drinker, and died after a stroke. Mr. Frizzell was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1982.

Space
The docking phase of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project ended when the two spacecraft undocked after 1 day, 23 hours, 7 minutes, 3 seconds.

Football
WFL
Pre-season
Southern California (3-0) 23 @ Philadelphia (0-1) 8
Birmingham (2-0) 31 @ Shreveport (0-1) 30
Chicago (0-2) 21 @ Charlotte (1-1) 22
Memphis (0-2) 0 @ San Antonio (1-1) 7

Baseball
Nate Colbert drove in 2 runs with a bases-loaded single in the bottom of the 8th inning to give the Montreal Expos a 4-3 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 15,188 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal.

Larry Christenson pitched a 4-hitter for his first major league shutout and Johnny Oates drove in the only run with a sacrifice fly in the 4th inning as the Philadelphia Phillies edged the Houston Astros 1-0 before 30,983 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

Consecutive throwing errors by Steve Garvey and Tom Paciorek on a bunt by Mario Mendoza in the 9th inning allowed the Pittsburgh Pirates to score 2 runs to break a 3-3 tie and beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 5-3 before 51,591 fans at Dodger Stadium.

Pat Kelly hit his first career grand slam with 2 out in the 2nd inning to give the Chicago White Sox all their runs as they beat the Milwaukee Brewers 4-2 before 20,516 fans at White Sox Park.

Aurelio Rodriguez hit his first major league grand slam and singled in another run as the Detroit Tigers beat the Kansas City Royals 10-8 before 22,151 fans at Tiger Stadium.

In the completion of a suspended game from July 12, Graig Nettles singled home 2 runs in the bottom of the 16th inning to give the New York Yankees an 8-7 win over the Minnesota Twins. 13,573 were in attendance to at Yankee Stadium on July 12 to watch the first 14 innings before the game was suspended for a 1 A.M. curfew and transferred to Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, where the game was concluded. New York outfielders Rich Coggins, Roy White, and Lou Piniella each had 3 hits, with Mr. Coggins hitting his first home run in a New York uniform since being acquired from the Montreal Expos on June 20. Tippy Martinez, who entered the game in relief of Pat Dobson with 2 out in the 16th and got the final out, was credited with his first major league win. Mr. Martinez had been called up to the Yankees from the Syracuse Chiefs of the International League on July 14, and was eligible to play in the game. Because it was the completion of a suspended game, it was considered to have been played on July 12, and Mr. Martinez was thus credited with a win in a game played two days before hs joined the team. Danny Thompson doubled in 2 runs in the bottom of the 6th to give the Twins a 2-1 win before 37,602 fans in the regularly-scheduled game. Jim Hughes allowed 4 hits and 1 unearned run in 8 2/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over George Medich.

The Baltimore Orioles swept a doubleheader from the Oakland Athletics 3-2 and 5-1 before 35,567 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Paul Mitchell pitched a 5-hit complete game for his first major league win as he won the pitchers' duel over Vida Blue in the first game, while Ross Grimsley allowed 7 hits and 1 earned run in 8 1/3 innings to win the second game. Jim Palmer relieved Mr. Grimsley with 1 out and the bases loaded in the top of the 9th inning, but got Sal Bando to ground into a double play.

The California Angels swept a doubleheader from the Cleveland Indians 8-0 and 3-2 in 10 innings before 29,682 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Frank Tanana pitched a 5-hit shutout in the first game. In the second game, the Angels scored 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 1-1 tie, but the Indians rallied for a run before Chuck Hockenberry entered the game and struck out George Hendrick to end the game and record his first major league save.

The Pawtucket Red Sox swept an International League doubleheader from the Toledo Mud Hens 8-5 and 7-6. Don Newhauser won both games in relief for the Red Sox. Larry Fritz hit a home run for Toledo in the first game and Fred Andrews homered for Toledo in the second game. Jack Baker had 3 hits for Pawtucket in the second game and right fielder Tony Conigliaro hit his 3rd home run in a Pawtucket uniform and the last of his professional career.

The Albuquerque Dukes and Sacramento Solons split a Pacific Coast League doubleheader at Hughes Stadium in Sacramento, with Albuquerque winning the first gme 14-3 and Sacramento winning the second game 8-7. Charlie Manuel hit 2 home runs for Albuquerque and Kevin Pasley added another, while Art Kusnyer hit a home run for one of 7 Sacramento hits off winning pitcher Dennis Lewallyn. Mr. Kusner, Tommie Reynolds, Jim Rosario, Jack Lind, and Bob Hansen homered fot the Solons in the second game, while Henry Cruz homered for the Dukes. Carlos Velasquez was the winning pitcher in relief.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rock Me Amadeus--Falco

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Live is Life--Opus (5th week at #1)

Disasters
The Val di Stava dam collapsed, killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.

Boxing
Mike Tyson (6-0) knocked out Larry Sims (3-17-3) at 2:04 of the 3rd round of their heavyweight bout at Mid-Hudson Civic Center in Poughkeepsie, New York.

Football
CFL
Montreal (3-0) 21 @ Saskatchewan (1-2) 12

Quarterback Turner Gill and fullback Rich Thomaselli each rushed for a Montreal touchdown as the Concordes held the Roughriders without a touchdown before 24,806 disappointed fans at Taylor Field in Regina.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Put 'Em Under Pressure--The Republic of Ireland Football Squad (8th week at #1)

Scandal
The United States House of Representatives Ethics Committee voted to reprimand Rep. Barney Frank (Democrat--Massachusetts) for using his office improperly to assist a male prostitute. The committee found that Mr. Frank had used his influence to fix parking tickets for his fellow pervert, Steven Gobie, and that he had attempted influence parole officers to end Mr. Gobie’s probation on felony charges.

Business
Peter Pocklington sold Palm Dairies Ltd. to Beatrice Foods Inc. of Toronto for an estimated $100 million.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (0-2) 26 @ Hamilton (1-1) 29
Saskatchewan (1-1) 25 @ Calgary (1-0-1) 30

Earl Winfield caught 3 touchdown passes to lead the Tiger-Cats to a come-from-behind win before 13,087 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Reggie Barnes made a spectacular CFL debut as a running back with the Rough Riders, rushing 20 times for 189 yards.

24,818 fans at McMahon Stadium saw Calgary quarterback Terrence Jones throw touchdown passes to Marshall Toner and Dave Sapunjis before rushing 44 yards on a draw play for the winning touchdown.

20 years ago
1995


Abominations
Two U.S. House of Representatives subcommittees began hearings on the 1993 massacre by U.S. federal officials of residents of the Branch Davidian compound at Waco, Texas.

Society
U.S. President Bill Clinton defended affirmative action programs, which had been designed to assure minorities of equal opportunity in employment, college admission, and other areas, but issued an executive order directing federal agencies to reform or eliminate programs if they created quota-based preference systems; gave preference to unqualified candidates; created "reverse discrimination;" or continued after the goal of attaining equal opportunity had been met.

Football
CFL
Memphis (2-2) 23 @ Ottawa (1-3) 20

Donald Igwebuike kicked a 31-yard field goal in the final seconds of regulation time to give the Mad Dogs the win over the Rough Riders before 21,221 fans at Frank Clair Stadium.

10 years ago
2005


Law
U.S. President George W. Bush announced his choice of federal appeals court judge John Roberts to replace Justice Sandra Day O'Connor on the Supreme Court of the United States.

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