Sunday, 26 July 2015

July 26, 2015

150 years ago
1865


Born on this date
Philipp Scheidemann
. Chancellor of Germany, 1919. Mr. Scheidemann, a member of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), publicly proclaimed Germany a republic on November 9, 1918, and served as Chancellor from February 13-June 20, 1919. He and his cabinet resigned over the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Mr. Scheidemann died on November 29, 1939 at the age of 74.

125 years ago
1890


Protest
The Revolución del Parque took place in Buenos Aires, forcing President Miguel Ángel Juárez Celman's resignation.

90 years ago
1925


Died on this date
William Jennings Bryan, 65
. U.S. politician. Mr. Bryan, nicknamed "The Great Commoner," was the Democratic Party nominee for President of the United States in 1896, 1900, and 1908, losing all three times. He served as United States Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson from 1913-1915, but resigned in opposition to Mr. Wilson's increasingly anti-German policy after the May 7, 1915 sinking of the Lusitania. He was known for his opposition to Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, and represented the prosecution in the Scopes "Monkey trial" in Dayton, Tennessee, when high school teacher John Thomas Scopes was charged with violating a state law prohibiting the teaching of evolution. Mr. Bryan died in his sleep just five days after the end of the trial.

75 years ago
1940


War
Italian planes bombed Gibraltar. British Royal Navy forces seized three Romanian vessels at Port Said, Egypt. The Japanese government adopted a document giving top priority to solving the "China incident" by blocking supplies reaching China through Indochina and other routes and to securing its own raw materials by pursuing a more aggressive policy in the Netherlands East Indies.

Diplomacy
The League of Nations announced that it would transfer its economic and financial departments to Princeton University in New Jersey. Joseph Avenol resigned as Secretary-General of the League of Nations, stating that current realities made his office unnecessary.

Law
The Canadian Parliament passed a law imposing the death penalty for acts committed with intent to help the enemy.

Politics and government
U.S. Agriculture Secretary and Democratic Party vice presidential candidate Henry Wallace announced that he would resign or take a leave of absence without pay from his cabinet post once the election campaign began.

Economics and finance
A Gallup Poll reported that only 33% of Americans favoured increased federal government regulation of business, and that 75% felt there should be greater control of labour unions.

Baseball
Bob Feller earned his 16th win of the season, striking out 4 and walked none while hitting 2 doubles as the Cleveland Indians whipped the Washington Nationals 13-2 before 4,000 fans at League Park in Cleveland.

70 years ago
1945


War
The Potsdam Declaration, calling for the surrender of all Japanese forces, was released, having been signed at the Potsdam Conference in Germany by U.S. President Harry Truman, U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Nationalist Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek. U.S. Army General Jacob Devers, chief of U.S. ground forces, said that about seven million men would be used for the invasion of Japan. The minesweeper HMS Vestal was struck by a Japanese kamikaze attack in the Indian Ocean, becoming the last British Royal Navy ship to be sunk in the Second World War. The U.S. Navy cruiser USS Indianapolis arrived at the Mariana island of Tinian with parts of the warhead for the Hiroshima atomic bomb.

Politics and government
Results of the British general election, most of the voting in which had taken place on July 5, were revealed, showing that the Labour Party, led by Clement Attlee, had won its first majority, taking 393 seats of 627 seats in the House of Commons, up from 164 before the election. The Conservatives and their allies won 213 seats, the Liberals 12, and other parties 11. Winston Churchill immediately resigned as Prime Minister and Mr. Attlee was sworn in to replace him.

The Swedish wartime coalition cabinet resigned, and Prime Minister Per Albin Hannsson formed a new cabinet, composed completely of Social Democratic Party members.

The Belgian government of Prime Minister Achille von Acker, which maintained that King Leopold III should not resume the throne, won a vote of non-confidence in the Chamber of Deputies.

Malcolm Ross, chairman of the U.S. Fair Employment Practices Commission, announced that FEPC staff would be reduced from 117 to 51 and five branch offices would be closed because of lack of funds.

The U.S. Communist Political Association opened its national convention in New York with attacks on Earl Browder and his "opportunistic errors."

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Price Administration lowered meat ration values for beef, lamb, and veal, an allocated about 80 million more pounds of sugar to the East by September 1945.

60 years ago
1955


At the movies
The Night of the Hunter, directed by Charles Laughton, and starring Robert Mitchum, Shelley Winters, and Lillian Gish, received its premiere screening in Des Moines, Iowa.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Poupée De Cire, Poupée De Son--France Gall (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Mr. Tambourine Man--The Byrds

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 What the World Needs Now is Love--Jackie DeShannon
2 What's New Pussycat?--Tom Jones
3 I Like it Like That--The Dave Clark Five
4 (Such An) Easy Question--Elvis Presley
5 Set Me Free--The Kinks
6 Down in the Boondocks--Billy Joe Royal
7 (My Girl) Sloopy--Little Caesar and the Consuls
8 Where are You Now--Jackie Trent
9 It's Just a Little Bit Too Late--Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders
10 Little Liar--Terry Black

Singles entering the chart were You Tell Me Why by the Beau Brummels (#24); I Got You Babe by Sonny and Cher (#30); Here I Am by Dionne Warwick (#31); Unchained Melody by the Righteous Brothers (#34); You Better Go by Derek Martin (#35); You were On My Mind by We Five (#36); Because You're Gone by the Nocturnals (#38); Around the Corner by the Duprees (#39); and I'll Always Love You by the Spinners (#40).

Asiatica
An agreement was signed by Maldivian Prime Minister Ibrahim Nasir Rannabandeyri Kilegefan and British Ambassador designate Sir Michael Walker, ending British responsibility for the islands' defense and external affairs, granting full independence to the Maldives.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Amore grande amore libero--Il Guar.del faro (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Stand by Your Man--Tammy Wynette (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Give a Little Love--Bay City Rollers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 One of These Nights--The Eagles
2 Please Mr. Please--Olivia Newton-John
3 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
4 Jive Talkin'--The Bee Gees
5 I'm Not in Love--10 C.C.
6 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
7 Swearin' to God--Frankie Valli
8 Someone Saved My Life Tonight--Elton John
9 Midnight Blue--Melissa Manchester
10 Rockin' Chair--Gwen McCrae

Singles entering the chart were Daisy Jane by America (#73); Let Me Make Love to You by the O'Jays (#76); How Long (Betcha’ Got A Chick On The Side) by the Pointer Sisters (#78); The Proud One by the Osmonds (#86); It Only Takes a Minute by Tavares (#88); Waterfall by Carly Simon (#89); Lady Blue by Leon Russell (#93); Hustle!!! (Dead on It) by James Brown (#96); Keep Your Eye on the Sparrow by Merry Clayton (#97); and Flyin' High by the Blackbyrds (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
2 Magic--Pilot
3 I'm Not Lisa--Jessi Colter
4 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
5 Please Mr. Please--Olivia Newton-John
6 I'm Not in Love--10 C.C.
7 Swearin' to God--Frankie Valli
8 Only Women--Alice Cooper
9 Christina--Terry Jacks
10 Dynomite--Tony Camillos

Singles entering the chart were (I Believe) There's Nothing Stronger than Our Love by Paul Anka with Odia Coates (#89); (Something's Burning) I'm on Fire by Mike Lehman (#90); Two Fine People by Cat Stevens (#91); Help Me Rhonda by Johnny Rivers (#92); Third Rate Romance by Amazing Rhythm Aces (#93); That's When the Music Takes Me by Neil Sedaka (#94); Hope that We Can Be Together Soon by Harold Melvin and the Bluenotes and Sharon Paige (#95); Northbound Plane by Ray Materick (#96); Rendezvous by the Hudson Brothers (#97); Dream Merchant by New Birth (#98); Love Has No Pride by Susan Jacks (#99); and Oh Me, Oh My (Dream in My Arms) by Al Green (#100).

Football

Charlotte (0-1) 10 @ San Antonio (1-0) 27

Baseball
Mike Cuellar pitched his second 1-hitter of the season and fourth of his major league career as the Baltimore Orioles blanked the Milwaukee Brewers 4-0 before 26,578 fans (including this blogger and his father) at County Stadium in Milwaukee. George Scott singled to lead off the bottom of the 7th inning for the only Milwaukee hit. The Brewers made 5 errors.

Pete Rose batted 4 for 5 with a double, 3 runs, and a run batted in as the Cincinnati Reds beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 5-3 before 50,236 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

Bill Madlock batted 6 for 6 with a triple, run, and 3 runs batted in, but it wasn't enough, as his Chicago Cubs lost 9-8 in 10 innings to the New York Mets before 20,474 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. New York second baseman Felix Millan batted 4 for 4 with a run and 4 RBIs.

Juan Pizarro of the Cordoba Coffeegrowers walked 3 straight batters with the bases loaded to force in as many runs in a 5-1 loss to the Villahermosa Cardinals in a Mexican League game. It was the first time in Mexican League history that a pitcher had done that.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rock Me Amadeus--Falco (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): 19--Paul Hardcastle

Football
CFL
Toronto (2-2) 35 @ Hamilton (0-3) 10

Geoff Townsend caught two touchdown passes for the Argonauts, one each from Condredge Holloway and Mark Casale. Mr. Casale, who went into the game at quarterback when Mr. Holloway was injured in the 2nd quarter, also threw touchdown passes to Terry Greer and Kerry Taylor. Hamilton quarterback Ken Hobart rushed 22 yards for the lone Tiger-Cat major with 50 seconds remaining. 17,566 were in attendance at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Put 'Em Under Pressure--The Republic of Ireland Football Squad (9th week at #1)

Politics and government
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney offered $3,840,000 to acquire the Oka lands in Quebec claimed by the Mohawks as a burial ground and sacred site.

Scandal
The U.S. House of Representatives rejected by a vote of 390-38 a motion, supported largely by Republicans, to expel Rep. Barney Frank (Democrat--Massachusetts) from the House for using his office improperly to assist male prostitute Steven Gobie by fixing parking tickets and attempting to influence parole officers to end Mr. Gobie’s probation on felony charges. A motion in the House to censure Mr. Frank was rejected 287-141, but a motion to reprimand Mr. Frank passed 408-18. Mr. Frank apologized for his conduct, attributing it in part to his efforts prior to 1987 to conceal his homosexuality.

Law
U.S. President George Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act into law.

Health
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that a young woman – later identified as Kimberly Bergalis of Florida – had been infected with the AIDS virus, apparently by her dentist, Dr. David Acer.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-1) 46 @ Ottawa (1-2) 50

This blogger, along with Dave Ward, Warren Sinclair, and Richard Greene, was among the 26,411 at Lansdowne Park on a beautiful night to see the highest-scoring regulation time loss in Eskimo history. At the time it was the second-highest scoring game in CFL history. Former Eskimo quarterback Damon Allen threw 5 touchdown passes, 4 of them in the first 19 minutes, as the Rough Riders held leads of 23-0, 30-3, and 43-20 before the Eskimos mounted a furious comeback. Mr. Allen completed just 10 of 22 passes, but for 273 yards. He also rushed 5 times for 89 yards. Another former Eskimo, Stephen Jones, caught 3 passes for 115 yards and 2 touchdowns. Reggie Barnes scored on a 74-yard pass reception, while Ken Evraire and David Conrad also caught touchdown passes. Mr. Conrad also rushed for a touchdown, while Mr. Barnes rushed 16 times for 129 yards. Tracy Ham completed 21 of 36 passes for 411 yard and 3 touchdowns, but also gave up 4 interceptions. Reggie Taylor caught 5 for 112 and 2 touchdowns, while Keith Wright caught the other Eskimo touchdown pass. Mr. Ham rushed 8 times for 62 yards and a touchdown, with Blake Marshall also scoring on a 1-yard run. Mr. Conrad caught Mr. Allen’s 5th touchdown pass to make the score, after the convert, 43-20 with 4:23 remaining in the 3rd quarter. Mr. Ham promptly brought the Eskimos back, hitting Mr. Wright with a 23-yard scoring pass. Mr. Ham then rushed 7 yards for a touchdown with 40 seconds remaining in the quarter, and the Ottawa lead was reduced to 43-34. Mr. Ham then completed a pass to Mr. Taylor, who broke away for a 57-yard touchdown at 2:11 of the 4th quarter, reducing the lead to 43-41. Ray Macoritti kicked his third field goal of the game at 5:19 to give the Eskimos a 44-43 lead. Henry "Gizmo" Williams fumbled at the end of a long punt return, and the Rough Riders recovered and then drove for the winning touchdown, scored by Mr. Conrad on a 2-yard rush with 5:41 remaining. The Rough Riders conceded a safety touch, and a long pass from Mr. Ham to Mr. Williams was intercepted by Troy Wilson with 50 seconds remaining. Mr. Wilson made 2 interceptions and recovered 2 Edmonton fumbles. A sidelight to the game was one of those nauseating marriage proposals that appeared on the scoreboard. I loudly advised her to turn him down--and they turned out to be sitting right behind us.

20 years ago
1995


Died on this date
George Romney, 88
. U.S. automobile executive and politician. Mr. Romney was chairman and president of American Motors Corporation from 1954-1962, during which time the Rambler became a popular car. Mr. Romney was a member of the Republican Party and served as Governor of Michigan from 1963-1969. He campaigned unsuccessfully for the 1968 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States, and served as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development in the administration of President Richard Nixon from 1969-1973. Mr. Romney was the father of future Massachusetts Governor and 2012 Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney.

Laurindo Almeida, 77. Brazilian-born U.S. musician. Mr. Almeida was a guitarist and composer who helped to create the genre of music known as "Jazz Samba." He won five Grammy Awards.

War
The United States Senate voted 69-29 in favour of a bill that would end U.S. participation in the arms embargo against the Bosnian government. U.S. President Bill Clinton opposed the unilateral lifting of the embargo because the United Kingdom and France had threatened to pull their peacekeepers out of Bosnia in that event, and the U.S. had promised to send troops into Bosnia to help evacuate the peacekeepers.

Politics and government
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien created the Information Highway Secretariat.

Business
John Labatt Ltd. was sold to Belgian brewer lnterbrew SA, completing a takeover valued at Canadian $2.7 billion; the deal made lnterbrew the world's third-largest brewery.

Sweden's Trelleborg AB sold its 28.3% interest in Falconbridge Ltd. to a syndicate of 15 brokerage firms for $1.4 billion.

Football
CFL
San Antonio (2-2) 17 @ Winnipeg (2-3) 20

Troy Westwood's kicked field goals of 36 and 44 yards in the 4th quarter to give the Blue Bombers their win over the Texans before 20,961 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. The game's two touchdowns were scored in the 2nd quarter, when Winnipeg quarterback Sammy Garza scored on a 1-yard rush and San Antonio's Marcus Gates returned a Bob Cameron punt 81 yards. For Mr.Garza, who was in his seventh season with the Blue Bombers, the game was his last in a Winnipeg uniform.

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Gilles Marotte, 60
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Marotte was a defenceman with the Boston Bruins (1965-67); Chicago Black Hawks (1967-70); Los Angeles Kings (1970-73); New York Rangers (1973-76); St. Louis Blues (1976-77); Cincinnati Stingers (1977-78); and Indianapolis Racers (1977-78), scoring 321 points on 56 goals and 265 assists in 808 NHL regular season games and 3 goals and 3 assists in 29 Stanley Cup games, and 3 goals and 20 assists in 73 WHA games. In 1967 he was traded to Chicago with Pit Martin and Jack Norris for Phil Esposito, Ken Hodge, and Fred Stanfield in a trade that became notorious for turning out lopsidedly in favour of the Bruins. Mr. Marotte had his best years with Los Angeles, and played in the 1973 NHL All-Star Game. He died of pancratic cancer.

Space
U.S. mission STS-114 began when the space shuttle Discovery launched from Capre Canaveral, Florida. The seven-member crew was commanded by Eileen Collins. It was NASA's first scheduled flight mission since the breakup of the space shuttle Columbia on February 1, 2003 that had resulted in the deaths of the entire crew.

Disasters
Mumbai received 99.5 cm of rain (39.17 inches) within 24 hours, resulting in floods killing over 5,000 people.

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