Sunday, 12 July 2015

July 12, 2015

325 years ago
1690


War
Forces of King William III defeated those of former King James II in the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland.

225 years ago
1790


Law
The Civil Constitution of the Clergy was passed in France by the National Constituent Assembly.

125 years ago
1890

Baseball

A local boy with the last name of Lewis, whose first name is lost to posterity, showed up at Eastern Park in Brooklyn, where the Wonders were scheduled to play the Buffalo Bisons in a Players League game. The Bisons were short of pitchers, and Mr. Lewis started on the mound for them. He worked the first 3 innings, giving up 13 hits, 7 bases on balls, and 20 runs, all earned. With the Bisons behind 20-5, Mr. Lewis moved to left field for the rest of the game. The Bisons reduced the deficit but still lost 28-16. Mr. Lewis left the major leagues with a career earned run average of 60.00. He did manage to record 1 strikeout. At bat, Mr. Lewis was 1 for 5 with a run scored.

80 years ago
1935


At the movies
Mad Love, starring Peter Lorre, opened in theatres.

The Murder Man, starring Spencer Tracy, Virginia Bruce, Lionel Atwill, and James Stewart, opened in theatres. It was Mr. Stewart's first feature film.

Died on this date
Alfred Dreyfus, 75
. French military officer. Lieutenant Colonel Dreyfus was still a captain when he was tried for treason in 1894 and sentenced to life in prison on Devil's Island in French Guiana. It was widely believed that Captain Dreyfus had been convicted because he was Jewish; a campaign led by writer Emile Zola led to a pardon for Captain Dreyfus, and ultimately, exoneration in 1906 and reinstatement into the army.

75 years ago
1940


Diplomacy
The United Kingdom recognized the Kingdom of Ethiopia with Haile Selassie as Emperor, promising arms to those who would fight against Italy.

In response to Japan's demand that the Burma Road be closed, the United Kingdom secretly agreed to suspend traffic of certain war materials on the road for the next three months.

Politics and government
A Gallup Poll reported, in a trial heat for the 1940 U.S. presidential election, that President Franklin D. Roosevelt had 53% of the support to 47% for Republican Party candidate Wendell Willkie.

Defense
The Philippine National Assembly began consideration of a bill providing for compulsory military service.

Art
The occupying Nazi government in Paris took all French art treasures under its protection.

Disasters
52 people were killed when a typhoon struck Seoul.

70 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, 49
. German military officer. Generalfeldmarschall Richtofen, a cousin of "Red Baron" Manfred von Richtofen, served with the Luftwaffe in both world wars. He was already suffering from a brain tumour when he was taken prisoner by American forces shortly after the German surrender to the Allies in May 1945, and died in captivity.

War
The United States War Department announced that the Army would cease supplying food to civilians in liberated European countries as of September 1, 1945. After taking Tangkiang and Fengkang, Chinese troops reported the capture of Kanhsien in the province of Kiangsi.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives named Rep. John Wood (Democrat--Georgia) to chair the Un-American Activities Committee.

Economics and finance
Brazil tightened import controls on machinery, rubber, chemicals, and several other products.

U.S. Senator Robert Taft (Republican--Ohio) attacked the Bank for Reconstruction and Development as a guise to "lend our people's and government's money abroad."

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board warned the 16,000 striking Firestone Tire and Rubber Company employees in Akron, Ohio that they would be denied contract benefits if they did not return to work by July 16.

60 years ago
1955


Baseball
Major League All-Star Game @ County Stadium, Milwaukee
American League 5 National League 6 (12 innings)

Stan Musial of the St. Louis Cardinals hit a home run on the first pitch of the bottom of the 12th inning to give the NL the win, completing a comeback from a 5-0 deficit before 45,643 fans.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Poupée De Cire, Poupée De Son--France Gall (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Crying In The Chapel--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Cara, Mia--Jay & the Americans
2 Seventh Son--Johnny Rivers
3 Tossin' and Turnin'--The Guess Who
4 What the World Needs Now is Love--Jackie DeShannon
5 A World of Our Own--The Seekers
6 Long Live Love--Sandie Shaw
7 You Really Know How to Hurt a Guy--Jan & Dean
8 (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction--The Rolling Stones
9 Where are You Now--Jackie Trent
10 (My Girl) Sloopy--Little Caesar and the Consuls

Singles entering the chart were Small Town Girl by the Staccatos (#26); It's Alright with Me Now by Barry Allen (#34); Nobody Knows What's Goin' On by the Chiffons (#35); I Want Candy by the Strangeloves (#36); Ride Your Pony by Lee Dorsey (#37); Don't Just Stand There by Patty Duke (#38); To Know You is to Love You by Peter and Gordon (#39); and You've Never Been in Love Like This Before by Unit Four Plus Two (#40).

Music
The single California Girls/Let Him Run Wild by the Beach Boys was released on Capitol Records. Meanwhile, session musicians under the direction of Brian Wilson were at Western Recorders in Hollywood, California, where they recorded the instrumental tracks for the song Sloop John B by the Beach Boys.

40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tornerò--I Santo California (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): If You Go--Barry & Eileen (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Tears on My Pillow--Johnny Nash

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Will Keep Us Together--The Captain & Tennille (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
2 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
3 Love Will Keep Us Together--The Captain & Tennille
4 One of These Nights--The Eagles
5 Magic--Pilot
6 Please Mr. Please--Olivia Newton-John
7 Wildfire--Michael Murphey
8 I'm Not in Love--10 C.C.
9 Swearin' to God--Frankie Valli
10 The Way We Were/Try to Remember--Gladys Knight and the Pips

Singles entering the chart were Forever Came Today by the Jackson 5 (#81); Two Fine People by Cat Stevens (#84); Help Me Rhonda by Johnny Rivers (#85); The Biggest Parakeets in Town by Jud Strunk (#92); Show Me the Way by Peter Frampton (#94); Actions Speak Louder than Words by Chocolate Milk (#95); Free Man by South Shore Commission (#96); Keep Our Love Alive by Paul Davis (#97); Shoes by Reparata (#98); What Time of Day by Billy Thunderkloud and the Chieftones (#99); and Our Last Song Together by Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods (#100). The version of Show Me the Way was a studio-recorded version, which became a major hit the following year when a live version was released as a single.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Listen to What the Man Said--Wings
2 I'm Not Lisa--Jessi Colter
3 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
4 Only Women--Alice Cooper
5 Magic--Pilot
6 Wildfire--Michael Murphey
7 Old Days--Chicago
8 Hit the Road Jack--Stampeders
9 Love Will Keep Us Together--The Captain & Tennille
10 Swearin' to God--Frankie Valli

Singles entering the chart were You Gotta Love by Matt Lucas (#86); Fallin' in Love by Hamilton, Joe Frank and Reynolds (#90); Sneakin' Up Behind You by the Becker Brothers (#91); Feel Like Makin' Love by Bad Company (#92); Bluebird by Helen Reddy (#93); How Sweet it Is (To Be Loved by You) by James Taylor (#94); That's the Way of the World by Earth, Wind & Fire (#95); Seven Lonely Nights by the Four Tops (#96); Ballroom Blitz by Sweet (#98); Fame by David Bowie (#99); and El Bimbo by Bimbo Jet (#100).

Died on this date
Carl Snavely, 80
. U.S. football coach. Mr. Snavely, nicknamed "The Grey Fox," coached at Bucknell University (1927-1933); University of North Carolina (1934-1935, 1945-1952); Cornell University (1936-1944); and Washington University (1953-1958), compiling a record of 180-96-16. He became an outspoken critic of the pressure to win in college football after he was fired from North Carolina in 1952, and enjoyed his years in St. Louis at Washington University because the school emphasized academics and there was no pressure from the alumni to win games. Mr. Snavely was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1965. He died 18 days before his 81st birthday.

Africana
The islands of São Tomé and Príncipe declared independence after almost 500 years of Portuguese rule.

Politics and government
The Labour Party, led by Premier Don Dunstan, barely held on to power in the South Australia state election. Labour won 23 of the 47 House of Assembly to 20 for the Liberal Party, 2 for the Liberal Movement, and 1 for the Nationals of South Australia. Ted Connelly, Mayor of Port Pirie, was elected as an independent and held the balance of power; he sided with Labour and accepted the offer to become Speaker of the House.

Golf
Tom Watson and Jack Newton were tied for the lead after 4 rounds of the British Open at Carnoustie Golf Links in Angus, Scotland, each with a 9-under-par score of 279, necessitating an 18-hole playoff the following day. Jack Nicklaus, Johnny Miller, and Bobby Cole were 1 stroke behind at 8-underpar. Mr. Watson forced the playoff with a birdie on the final hole of regulation play.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Calgary (2-1) 26 @ Hamilton (0-3) 0

Willie Burden rushed 23 times for 160 yards and a touchdown and caught 4 passes for 43 yards as the Stampeders shut out the Tiger-Cats at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Mr. Burden's performance prompted Southam newspaper columnist Jim Coleman to predict that Mr. Burden, who had joined the Stampeders with 7 games remaining in the 1974 season, would make it big in 1975; he proved to be correct. The Stampeders amassed 27 first downs and 452 yards of net offense, compared to just 4 first down and 73 yards net offense for the Tiger-Cats.

WFL
Pre-season
Portland (0-1) 9 @ Birmingham (1-0) 25
Jacksonville (1-0) 34 @ Chicago (0-1) 23
Charlotte (0-1) 14 @ Hawaii (1-0) 32

Baseball
Jim Perry pitched a 3-hit complete game for his 215th and last career major league win as the Oakland Athletics defeated the Baltimore Orioles 7-1 before 33,454 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

Darrell Evans, Earl Williams, and Dusty Baker hit home runs as the Atlanta Braves beat the Montreal Expos 9-4 in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 25,246 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Former Expo Carl Morton pitched a 6-hit complete game victory and doubled and scored in the 5th inning. Gary Carter hit 2 home runs and drove in 3 runs as the Expos won the second game 7-3. Winning pitcher Woodie Fryman pitched a complete game and had 2 singles and a run.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 7 runs in the 2nd inning and coasted to a 14-2 rout of the Houston Astros before 14,520 fans at the Astrodome. Garry Maddox batted 4 for 4 with a run, 3 runs batted in and a stolen base, while Greg Luzinski hit a single, double, and home run, with 3 runs and 2 RBIs, and Jay Johnstone added 3 singles, a run, and 3 RBIs.

Pinch hitter Bake McBride singled home Buddy Bradford with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 2-1 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 31,606 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Dave Lopes hit a home run off Lynn McGlothen in the 5th inning to give Los Angeles a 1-0 lead, which held up until Reggie Smith homered to lead off the bottom of the 9th and ruin Al Downing's bid for a shutout. Al Hrabosky pitched 2 innings of relief and was the winning pitcher on what ws promoted as "We Hlove Hrabosky Hbanner Hday," allowing St. Louis fns to express their discontent at Los Angeles manager Walt Alston's omission of the "Mad Hungarian" from the National League All-Star team.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): 19--Paul Hardcastle (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Live is Life--Opus (5th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (1-1) 25 @ Toronto (1-1) 29

Toronto quarterback Condredge Holloway ran for 2 touchdowns and passed to Terry Greer for another as the Argonauts rallied from a 17-7 halftime deficit before 30,421 at Exhibition Stadium. Lester Brown rushed 1 yard for the other Toronto major, all of which were converted by Hank Ilesic, who added a kickoff single. Dave Ridgway kicked 5 field goals and a single for the Roughriders, as well as a convert on Saskatchewan’s only touchdown, a 15-yard pass from Joe Paopao to Ray Elgaard. The Roughriders trailed 29-23 in the last minutes, and their last drive failed when Mr. Paopao was stopped on a third-down sneak at the Argonauts’ 26-yard line. The Argonauts then conceded a safety touch.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Put 'Em Under Pressure--The Republic of Ireland Football Squad (7th week at #1)

Protest
1,000 Quebec provincial police officers sealed off all access to the town of Oka, about 19 miles west of Montreal, and prevented Indians from bringing food or supplies to the Mohawk Warriors who were engaged in an armed standoff with the police.

Politics and government
At the 28th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in Moscow, Boris Yeltsin, President of the Russian republic, announced that he was quitting the party because the pace of reform was too slow.

Society
The United States House of Representatives gave overwhelming approval to the Americans with Disabilities Act, which barred discrimination against people with physical or mental disabilities. The act defined disability as a condition that "substantially limits" an important activity such as walking or seeing. The bill covered people with AIDS as well as alcoholics and drug users undergoing treatment. Under the bill’s provisions, all except small businesses were required to hire and promote employment without regard to any disability. Transportation systems were required to purchase new vehicles accessible to the disabled.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (1-0) 31 @ Ottawa (0-1) 26 (OT)
Hamilton (0-1) 35 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 38

Damon Allen completed a 30-yard pass to Ken Evraire for a converted Ottawa touchdown with 2 seconds left in regulation time to send the game into overtime. Winnipeg quarterback Tom Burgess threw a touchdown pass to Warren Hudson to provide the winning margin in overtime. 22,911 were in attendance at Lansdowne Park.

Milson Jones ran 33 yards for a touchdown with 59 seconds remaining to give the Roughriders the win in a rematch of the 1989 Grey Cup. Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin completed 28 of 53 passes for 348 yards and a touchdown before 24,362 at Taylor Field. Derrick McAdoo and Earl Winfield scored touchdowns for the Tiger-Cats as they came back from a 31-20 deficit to take the lead.

Baseball
Melido Perez pitched a no-hitter and struck out 9 batter, while Lance Johnson made a diving catch to save a hit and also hit a 3-run home run as the Chicago White Sox whipped the New York Yankees 8-0 before 17,586 fans at Yankee Stadium in a game that was called because of rain with 1 out and a runner on second base in the top of the 7th inning.

Mitch Webster doubled home Carlos Baerga and Jerry Browne with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to give the Cleveland Indians a 5-4 win over the Seattle Mariners before 11,291 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. Messrs. Baerga and Browne drew consecutive bases on balls after there were 2 out and nobody on base.

David Wells and Tom Henke combined to pitch a 5-hitter, while Fred McGriff hit 2 home runs as the Toronto Blue Jays shut out the California Angels 5-0 before 27,365 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

10 years ago
2005


Europeana
Prince Albert II of Monaco formally began his reign, three months after the death of his father Prince Rainier III.

Baseball
Major League All-Star Game @ Comerica Park, Detroit
National League 5 American League 7

The AL took a 7-0 lead after 6 innings and held on to defeat the NL before 41,617 fans. Miguel Tejada of the Baltimore Orioles hit a solo home run in the 2nd inning and drove in a run with a ground out in the 3rd inning, and was named the game's Most Valuable Player.

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