Thursday, 16 February 2017

January 9, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Olga!

225 years ago
1792


War
The Treaty of Jassy between Russian and the Ottoman Empire was signed in Moldavia, ending the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–92 and confirming Russia's increasing dominance in the Black Sea.

100 years ago
1917


War
British forces commanded by Philip Chetwode defeated Ottoman forces in the Battle of Rafa near the Sinai-Palestine border.

90 years ago
1927


Died on this date
Houston Stewart Chamberlain, 71
. U.K.-born German philosopher. Mr. Chamberlain grew up with a sense of rootlessness, and became interested in Germany as a young man. He greatly admired the music and philosophy of Richard Wagner, and eventually married Mr. Wagner's daughter Eva. Mr. Chamberlain was best known for his two-volume book Die Grundlagen des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts (The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century), which influenced the views of Kaiser Wilhelm II and Adolf Hitler. Mr. Chamberlain has been called the "spiritual father of the Third Reich." He died after several years of failing health.

Disasters
A fire at the Laurier Palace movie theatre in Montreal killed 78 children.

Football
AFL
Exhibition
Los Angeles Wildcats (2-2-1) 28 Hollywood Generals (0-1) 7

The Yankees defeated the Generals before 10,000 fans at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles.

75 years ago
1942


Boxing
Joe Louis (52-1) knocked down Buddy Baer (51-7) 3 times and out at 2:56 of the 1st round at Madison Square Garden in New York to retain his world heavyweight title. It was the second unsuccessful challenge for Mr. Baer in the previous eight months, and was his last professional fight.



70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Karl Mannheim, 53
. Austro-Hungarian born U.K. sociologist. Dr. Mannheim began his career in his native Budapest before moving to Germany, and fleeing to England after the Nazi takeover of Germany in 1933. He was one of the founding fathers of classical sociology as well as a founder of the sociology of knowledge, with his best-known book being Ideology and Utopia (1936).

60 years ago
1957


Politics and government
Anthony Eden, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since April 6, 1955, announced his resignation, two months after British and French troops--under pressure from the United States and United Nations--halted their invasion of Egypt and withdrew from the country following Egyptian nationalization of the Suez Canal. Mr. Eden, who had never completely recovered from a gall bladder operation in 1953, had then gone on a vacation to Jamaica ordered by his physician, but hadn't recovered his health enough to continue in office. He was succeeded the next day by Chancellor of the Exchequer Harold Macmillan.

Football
NFL
Paul Hornung, winner of the 1956 Heisman Trophy as the outstanding college player in the United States while playing for the University of Notre Dame, signed with the Green Bay Packers for an estimated $16,000.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Black is Black--Los Bravos (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Green, Green Grass of Home--Tom Jones (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Canada (RPM): I'm a Believer--The Monkees (3rd week at #1)

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight's episode: The Second Stain

Canadiana
The Confederation Train, a travelling museum helping to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Confederation, departed Victoria, heading east.

40 years ago
1977


On television tonight
Raid on Entebbe, starring Peter Finch, Charles Bronson, and Yaphet Kotto, on NBC

This was one of two made-for-television movies about the July 4, 1976 raid by Israeli commandos on the Entebbe Airport in Uganda to free hostages. Mr. Finch, who played Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, died of a heart attack five days after the broadcast.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XI @ Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Oakland 32 Minnesota 14

Clarence Davis rushed 16 times for 137 yards and Ken Stabler copmpleted 12 of 19 passes for 180 yards and a touchdown before 103,438 fans as the Raiders defeated the Vikings to win their first Super Bowl championship. It was the only Super Bowl appearance for Oakland head coach John Madden, and the fourth and last for Minnesota head coach Bud Grant. The Vikings have yet to appear in a Super Bowl since.



30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Walk Like an Egyptian--Bangles (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Arthur Lake, 81
. U.S. actor. Mr. Lake, born Arthur Silverlake, Jr., played Dagwood Bumstead in movies and on radio from 1938-1950.

War
Iran launched a large assault on Iraqi positions near the city of Basra. Most fighting occurred east of Basra in the Fish Lake region, with Iranian artillery pounding the city. Iraq bombed a number of Iranian cities, including Tehran and Qom, while Iran fired long-range missiles into Baghdad. Iranian ground forces reportedly made some headway, but at a cost of a reported 50,000 casualties, while Iraqi casualties were reported as high as 20,000.

Scandal
The White House released a memorandum prepared for President Ronald Reagan in January 1986 that showed a definite link between U.S. arms sales to Iran and the release of American hostages in Lebanon.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the unemployment rate for December 1986 was 6.6%, down 0.2% from November, and at the lowest level since March 1980.

The U.S. Labor Department also announced that, for all of 1986, prices paid by producers for finished goods had declined 2.5%, the sharpest drop since 1949, and the first decline since 1963.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Bohemian Rhapsody/These Are the Days of Our Lives--Queen (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Steve Brodie, 72
. U.S. actor. Mr. Brodie, born John Stevenson, usually played tough guys in films such as Out of the Past (1947); Crossfire (1947); and Desperate (1947). He died of cancer.

Europeana
The Assembly of the Serb People in Bosnia and Herzegovina proclaimed the creation of Republika Srpska, a new state within Yugoslavia.

Scandal
Alison Halford, the United Kingdom's most senior policewoman, was suspended from duty for a second time following a police authority meeting. She had accused higher authorities of sex discrimination in her efforts to gain further promotion.

Economics and finance
The United States government reported that the economy had contracted in 1991 for the first time in nine years. The U.S. Labor Department reported that the producer price index for finished goods had declined 0.1% in 1991, the first decline in wholesale prices in five years.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Roses are Red--Aqua (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Anna mulle piiskaa--Apulanta (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Edward Osóbka-Morawski, 87
. Prime Minister of Poland, 1944-1947. Mr. Osóbka-Morawski, a Socialist, was Prime Minister from December 31, 1944-February 5, 1947. He eventually joined the Communist Party, and failed in an attempt to revive the Polish Socialist Party in 1990.

Jesse White, 80. U.S. actor. Mr. White, born Jonah Weidenfeld, was a character actor in plays, films and television programs for more than 50 years. He was best known for playing the Maytag repairman in television commercials from 1967-1988. Mr. White died of a heart attack following surgery, six days after his 80th birthday.

Adventure
British yachtsman Tony Bullimore was rescued five days after his craft capsized in the Southern Ocean.

10 years ago
2007


Technology
Apple Computers Chief Executive Officer Steve Jobs unveiled the iPhone in San Francisco.

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