Sunday, 22 November 2015

November 22, 2015

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Maryori!

1,650 years ago
365


Died on this date
Felix II
. Roman Catholic Antipope, 355-357. Felix II was installed as pope after Emperor Constantius II banished Pope Liberius for refusing to subscribe the sentence of condemnation against Athanasius. Roman laity demanded the return of Liberius, and when Liberius returned, Felix II retired.

140 years ago
1875


Died on this date
Henry Wilson, 63
. 18th Vice President of the United States, 1873-1875. Mr. Wilson, born Jeremiah Jones Colbath, was a member of the Whig Party and a founding member of the Free Soil Party before joining the Republican Party. He represented Massachusetts in the United States Senate from 1855-1873, serving as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs from 1861-1873. Mr. Wilson unseated incumbent Vice President Schuyler Colfax for his party's nomination in 1872, and was elected as the running mate of incumbent President U.S. Grant. Mr. Wilson suffered a stroke just two months into his term, and continued to be plagued by poor health until suffering a fatal stroke while working at the United States Capitol.

125 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Charles de Gaulle.. French military leader and 18th President of France, 1958-1969. General de Gaulle was the leader of the Free French forces during World War II. Shortly after the war he was elected provisional President of the Fourth Republic, but resigned after leftist parties withdrew their support. When the Fourth Republic was threatened with collapse in 1958 because of division over the war involving French troops in Algeria, Gen. de Gaulle was recalled to power. He engineered a new constitution vesting strong powers in the executive branch of government and establishing the Fifth Republic. Gen. de Gaulle negotiated independence for Algeria and withdrew French troops from NATO. He survived the upheavals caused by student protests in 1968, but resigned as President in 1969 after the defeat of a referendum for constitutional reform, and died on November 9, 1970 at the age of 79.

80 years ago
1935


Transportation
The Martin M-130 China Clipper, owned and operated by Pan American Airways, inaugurated the first commercial transpacific air service, connecting Alameda, California with Manila.

75 years ago
1940


War
Following the initial Italian invasion, Greek troops counterattacked into Italian-occupied Albania and captured the town of Koritza, 12 miles inside Albania. A semi-official source in Belgrade said that Yugoslavia would not consider joining the axis because of Greece's success against Italy.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt indicated that U.S. aid to the U.K. had reached its peak and that additional aid had to wait for increased industrial expansion.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Roosevelt confirmed that U.S. Army General John J. Pershing, 80, had refused to accept the post of ambassador to the Vichy regime in France because of his health. Washington reports indicated that U.S. Navy Admiral William Leahy had been selected for the post.

Politics and government
U.S. Representative Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas), chairman of the House Committee on Un-American Activities, said that six million people in the United States were members of "foreign organizations" controlled by the U.S.S.R., Germany, and Italy.

The U.S. Senate Committee on Campaign Expenditures charged that ballot-box stuffing and other violations of election laws had occurred in Harlan, Bell, and Pike Counties, Kentucky.

After the Uruguayan Senate passed a resolution opposing the cession of bases to any foreign countries, President Alfredo Baldemir said that the executive would continue to conduct its own foreign policy.

Labour
American Federation of Labor President William Green said that he would ask Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray the following week to renew unity negotiations, but added that United Mine Workers of America President and recently-retired CIO President John L. Lewis stood in the way. U.S. Representative E.E. Cox (Democrat--Georgia) said in Washington that the strike at the Vultee Aircraft plant in California was "treason" against the government in time of emergency, and urged Congress to outlaw strikes in national defense industries.

Boxing
Lew Jenkins (47-16-4) retained his world lightweight title, knocking out Pete Lello (41-7-6) 4 times and finally out at 2:37 of the 2nd round at Madison Square Garden in New York.

70 years ago
1945


War
Nationalist Chinese troops captured Lienshan, 10 miles from the Mancuhrian port of Hulutao, while other units lifted the two-week Communist siege of Paotow, in the northeastern province of Suiyuan.

Politics and government
Greek Prime Minister Themistoklis Sophoulis formed a new cabinet.

Diplomacy
Palestinian Arab leaders formed a 12-man committee to present their views to the Arab League.

Defense
Northrop Aircraft revealed its JBIA, a jet-propelled buzz bomb with a 30-foot wingspread, which, when catapulted, could travel at 220 miles per hour carrying two tons of explosives inside its wings.

Economics and finance
Allied Supreme Commander in Europe General Dwight Eisenhower pleaded to a U.S. House of Representatives committee for an appropriation of $1.35 billionn to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration if "our military victory is to have lasting significance."

Communications
U.S. and British Empire nations opened a conference in Hamilton, Bermuda on telecommunications.

60 years ago
1955


Died on this date
Shemp Howard, 60
. U.S. actor. Mr. Howard was a member of the Three Stooges comedy team. He was a founding member with brother Moe and Larry Fine, but left in the early 1930s to pursue a solo career, and was replaced by his brother Jerome, better known as "Curly." When Curly suffered a stroke in 1946 that forced him into retirement, Shemp rejoined the team, and was still active when he died of a hear attack in the back of a taxi while returning home from attending a boxing card.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): El Mundo (Il Mondo)--Jimmy Fontana (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Wishing it was You--Dickie Rock

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Get Off My Cloud--The Rolling Stones
2 Make it Easy on Yourself--The Walker Brothers
3 Let's Hang On--The 4 Seasons
4 Run Baby Run--The Newbeats
5 Where Did You Go--Cher
6 Roses and Rainbows--Danny Hutton
7 Make Me Your Baby--Barbara Lewis
8 Look Through Any Window--The Hollies
9 Round Every Corner--Petula Clark
10 You Really Got a Hold on Me--Little Caesar and the Consuls

Singles entering the chart were Don't Think Twice by the Wonder Who? (#25); I Will by Dean Martin (#26); I Can Never Go Home Anymore by the Shangri-Las (#29); Let Me Be by the Turtles (#30); Just a Little Bit by Roy Head (#31); I Want to Meet Him by the Royalettes (#32); Something About You by the Four Tops (#33); Over and Over by the Dave Clark Five (#34); Dance with Me by the Mojo Men (#35); Puppet on a String by Elvis Presley (#36); Hang on Sloopy by the Ramsey Lewis Trio (#37); Crawling Back by Roy Orbison (#38); Let's Get Together by We Five (#39); and So Long Babe by Nancy Sinatra (#40).

Boxing
Muhammad Ali (22-0) retained his world heavyweight championship with a technical knockout of former champion Floyd Patterson (43-5) at 2:18 of the 12th round at the Las Vegas Convention Center.



40 years ago
1975


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Sabato pomeriggio--Claudio Baglioni (14th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Dansez maintenant--Dave (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: D.I.V.O.R.C.E.--Billy Connolly

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): That's the Way (I Like It)--K.C. and the Sunshine Band

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Fly, Robin, Fly--Silver Convention
2 That's the Way (I Like It)--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
3 Island Girl--Elton John
4 The Way I Want to Touch You--Captain & Tennille
5 Nights on Broadway--Bee Gees
6 Heat Wave--Linda Ronstadt
7 Who Loves You--The Four Seasons
8 My Little Town--Simon and Garfunkel
9 This Will Be--Natalie Cole
10 Let's Do it Again--The Staple Singers

Singles entering the chart were Sing a Song by Earth, Wind & Fire (67); Wake Up Everybody (Part 1) by Harold Melvin and the Bluenotes (#72); Going Down Slowly by the Pointer Sisters (#80); Woman Tonight by America (#81); Down to the Line by Bachman-Turner Overdrive (#82); Hurricane (Part 1) by Bob Dylan (#87); Soul Train "75" by Soul Train Gang (#93); Love Hurts by Nazareth (#95); Sunday Sunrise by Anne Murray (#97); Convoy by C.W. McCall (#98); Bye Bye Baby by U.S. 1 (#99); and I'm on Fire by Jim Gilstrap (#100).

Winnipeg's top 30 (CFRW)
1 Island Girl--Elton John (3rd week at #1)
2 They Just Can't Stop It (The Games People Play)--The Spinners
3 Lyin' Eyes--The Eagles
4 Bad Blood--Neil Sedaka
5 Who Loves You--The Four Seasons
6 S O S--ABBA
7 Feelings--Morris Albert
8 Heat Wave--Linda Ronstadt
9 I'm Sorry/Calypso--John Denver
10 Sky High--Jigsaw
11 Miracles--Jefferson Starship
12 Rocky--Austin Roberts
13 The Way I Want to Touch You--Captain & Tennille
14 Low Rider--War
15 The Homecoming--Hagood Hardy
16 Tonite is a Wonderful Time to Fall in Love--April Wine
17 My Little Town--Simon and Garfunkel
18 Help Me Make It (To My Rockin' Chair)--B.J. Thomas
19 Nights on Broadway--Bee Gees
20 Just Too Many People--Melissa Manchester
21 Third Rate Romance--Amazing Rhythm Aces
22 Wasted Days and Wasted Nights--Freddy Fender
23 What the Hell I Got--Pagliaro
24 I Only Have Eyes for You--Art Garfunkel
25 Venus and Mars Rock Show--Wings
26 Long Distance Love--Little Feat
27 Lady Blue--Leon Russell
28 Get Out of the Kitchen--Shawne Jackson
29 Make Me Your Baby--Suzanne Stevens
30 Oh Mama Mama--Brutus

Europeana
Juan Carlos was declared King of Spain, two days after the death of Generalissimo Francisco Franco.

Disasters
The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier John F. Kennedy and cruiser Belknap collided in rough waters in the Mediterranean Sea about 70 miles east of Sicily, resulting in 4 men killed, 4 missing and 16 injured--5 seriously. 55 of the Belknap's 350-man crew were thrown overboard. An ammunition explosion resulted in a fire aboard John F. Kennedy that was put out in 10 minutes, with slight damage.

Baseball
The New York Yankees traded pitcher Pat Dobson to the Cleveland Indians for outfielder Oscar Gamble. Mr. Dobson was 11-14 with an earned run average of 4.07 in 33 games with New York in 1975. Mr. Gamble batted .261 with 15 home runs and 45 runs batted in in 121 games with Cleveland in 1975.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Take on Me--A-Ha (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Rock Me Amadeus--Falco (6th week at #1)

Crime
Major Alain Mafart and Captain Dominique Prieur, both French agents, were sentenced to 10 years in prison for manslaughter for their roles in the sinking of the Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior. The two had supported others in placing explosives that sank the ship, killing a photographer on board.

The day after U.S. Naval Intelligence Service analyst Jonathan Pollard had been charged with selling classified information to Israel, his wife was also arrested.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the consumer price index had risen 0.3% in October.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Ooh Aah Paul McGrath--Watch Your House

Politics and government
Margaret Thatcher announced her resignation as Prime Minister of Great Britain after her cabinet refused to support her in the second round of elections in the contest for the leadership of the Conservative Party. She said that she would leave office as soon as a successor was chosen.

20 years ago
1995


On television tonight
The Beatles Anthology: Part II, on ABC

This episode concluded with the initial broadcast of the song Real Love.

Diplomacy
As a result of the Dayton Accord the previous day, the United Nations Security Council announced the suspension of sanctions against Bosnia.

Crime
Britain's most prolific female serial killer, Rosemary West, 41, was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murders, with her husband Fred, of 10 young women and girls, including her 16-year-old daughter, over a period of 20 years.

Abominations
The gun control law--including mandatory registration of all firearms--introduced by the Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien was passed by the Senate.

Disasters
A 7.3 MW earthquake struck the Gulf of Aqaba between the Sinai Peninsula and Saudi Arabia, the largest tectonic event in the area for many decades.

10 years ago
2005


On television tonight
Nightline, on ABC

Ted Koppel, who had begun hosting the late-night news program in March 1980, hosted it for the final time.

Politics and government
Angela Merkel, leader of the Christian Democratic Party (CDU), took office as the first female Chancellor of Germany, in a coalition with the Social Democratic Party (SPD).

Terrorism
Jose Padilla, an American once accused of plotting with al-Qaida to detonate a radioactive "dirty bomb," was charged with supporting terrorism.

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