410 years ago
The Gunpowder Plot failed when Guy Fawkes was seized before he could blow up the English Parliament.
400 years ago
Born on this date
Ibrahim. Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, 1640-1648. Ibrahim succeeded his brother Murad IV on the throne. He was plagued by recurrent headaches and attacks of physical weakness, and was known for leading a decadent lifestyle. Ibrahim was deposed on August 6, 1648 and was replaced as sultan by his 6-year-old son Mehmed IV. Ibrahim was executed by strangling on August 16, 1648 at the age of 32.
120 years ago
George B. Selden of Rochester, New York received the first U.S. patent for an automobile.
90 years ago
At the movies
The Big Parade, directed by King Vidor, and starring John Gilbert and Renée Adorée, opened in theatres.
Died on this date
Sidney Reilly. U.K. spy. Mr. Reilly, who may have been born in Russia under the name Georgy Rosenblum or Zigmund Rozenblum, was regarded as the first "super-spy" of the 20th century. He worked with the British Secret Service Bureau, and much of his life and work remains shrouded in mystery. Mr. Reilly was probably in his early 50s when he was captured and executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the U.S.S.R.
75 years ago
Politics and government
Franklin D. Roosevelt won an unprecedented third term as President of the United States when he defeated Republican party challenger Wendell Willkie by a margin of 499 electoral votes to 82. Mr. Roosevelt, representing the Democratic party, took more than 27.2 million votes (54.8%) to 22.3 million (44.8%) for Mr. Willkie. Mr. Roosevelt’s share of the popular vote was 6% less than in his 1936 win over Alf Landon. In Congressional elections, the Democrats lost four seats in the Senate, but gained eight seats in the House of Representatives.
Greek forces claimed to have taken the Albanian town of Koritza and to have surrounded an Italian division that was being supplied with food dropped from Italian planes. The British armed merchant cruiser HMS Jervis Bay, is sunk by the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer 755 nautical miles southwest of Reykjavik. 68 of Jervis Bay's 254-man crew survived. According to a United Press dispatch, highly reliable sources reported that Axis powers had lined up Bulgaria on their side with the promise of a corridor to the Aegean Sea and other territorial concessions.
Japan decided to back Thailand's claims on French territory in Indochina on condition that Thailand cooperate with Japan in the creation of a New Order in East Asia.
The United States Navy allotted $23 million in contracts for construction of naval and air bases in the United States, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Alaska, and the Philippines.
Economics and finance
The Japanese government outlined a 10-year program to make Japan self-sufficient.
Indian politician Jawaharlal Nehru was sentenced in Gorakhpur to "four years of rigorous imprisonment" under the Defense of India Act for making speeches intended to hinder prosecution of the war.
70 years ago
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Till the End of Time--Perry Como (7th week at #1)
--Les Brown and his Orchestra
2 If I Loved You--Perry Como
3 On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Judy Garland and the Merry Macs
4 I'll Buy that Dream--Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Hal McIntyre and his Orchestra
5 It's Been a Long Long Time--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby with Les Paul and his Trio
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
6 Chopin's Polonaise--Carmen Cavallaro and his Orchestra
7 Tampico--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
8 It's Only a Paper Moon--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys
9 Hong Kong Blues--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
10 That's for Me--Dick Haymes
Singles entering the chart were the version of It's Been a Long Long Time by Stan Kenton and his Orchestra; The Honeydripper, with versions by Jimmie Lunceford and his Orchestra and the Delta Rhythm Boys, and Roosevelt Sykes (#31); and Bijou by Woody Herman and his Orchestra (#32).
On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Gunpowder Plot
Chinese Communists charged that U.S. troops had helped Nationalist Chinese forces at Hayiyang, Pentaiho, and near Chinwangtao, and that U.S. planes had attacked Communist-held Antze.
Colombia joined the United Nations.
Economics and finance
U.S. Army General Lucius Clay said in Washington that there was no food in any substantial amount in Europe. U.S. military authorities in Germany had asked the U.S. War Department for 300,000 tons of food to supply civilians in the American zone.
Bell Aircraft Corporation released details of its new twin-jet fighter plane, the XP-83, for long-range use, with a speed of 500 miles per hour. The first prototype had been flown on February 25, 1945 by Jack Woolams, Bell's chief test pilot, who found it underpowered and unstable.
U.S. President Harry Truman opened the labour-management conference in Washington with a plea to end industrial strife and formulate a broad foundation for industrial peace and progress.
The U.S. Supreme Court refused a plea by Montgomery Ward and Company for a decision on whether the United Sttes government was right or wrong in the December 1944 seizure of the company's property in seven cities.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Unchained Melody--Al Hibbler; Les Baxter and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): The Man from Laramie--Jimmy Young (5th week at #1)
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Autumn Leaves--Roger Williams (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); Love is a Many-Splendored Thing--The Four Aces (Disc Jockey--4th week at #1); The Yellow Rose of Texas--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (Jukebox--6th week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love is a Many-Splendored Thing--The Four Aces (3rd week at #1)
2 Autumn Leaves--Roger Williams
3 The Yellow Rose of Texas--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra
4 Moments to Remember--The Four Lads
5 The Shifting Whispering Sands--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
6 He--Al Hibbler
--The McGuire Sisters
7 Only You (And You Alone)--The Platters
8 Suddenly There's a Valley--Gogi Grant
9 The Bible Tells Me So--Don Cornell
10 Black Denim Trousers--The Cheers
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
Singles entering the chart were Sixteen Tons by "Tennessee" Ernie Ford (#29); Rock-a-Beatin' Boogie (#32)/Burn that Candle (#36) by Bill Haley and his Comets; All at Once You Love Her (#37)/The Rose Tattoo (#39) by Perry Como; If You Don't Want My Love by Jaye P. Morgan (#43); Young Abe Lincoln by Don Cornell (#45); and Daddy-O, with versions by the Fontane Sisters and Bonnie Lou (#50). The Rose Tattoo was a version of the title song of the movie.
On television tonight
The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Sleepwalker
After being destroyed in World War II, the rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopened with a performance of Beethoven's Fidelio.
Toronto (4-8) 24 @ Ottawa (3-9) 36
Montreal (9-3) 6 @ Hamilton (8-4) 38
Winnipeg 16 @ Saskatchewan 7 (First game of 2-game, total points series)
The Rough Riders' win over the Argonauts at Lansdowne Park was the last game for Chan Caldwell as Ottawa's head coach. He was fired after the season and replaced by former Toronto head coach Frank Clair.
The Roughriders were without star halfback Ken Carpenter in their loss to the Blue Bombers at Taylor Field in Regina. Mr. Carpenter, who had set a Western Interprovincial Football Union single-season record with 18 touchdowns in 1955, was out with an injury.
50 years ago
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 A Lover's Concerto--The Toys (2nd week at #1)
2 Get Off My Cloud--The Rolling Stones
3 Keep on Dancing--The Gentrys
4 Taste of Honey--Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass
5 Yesterday--The Beatles
6 You're the One--The Vogues
7 Not the Lovin' Kind--Dino, Desi and Billy
8 Liar, Liar--The Castaways
9 Everybody Loves a Clown--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
10 1-2-3--Len Barry
Pick hit of the week: Over and Over--The Dave Clark Five
New this week: Sometimes--The Royal Family
Here it Comes Again--The Fortunes
Penny a Teardrop--Barry Allen
Hang on Sloopy--The Ramsey Lewis Trio
He Touched Me--Barbra Streisand
40 years ago
Died on this date
Lionel Trilling, 70. U.S. literary critic. Dr. Trilling was a New York intellectual and professor at Columbia University whose work concentrated on the relationship between literature and culture. His books included The Liberal Imagination (1950) and Beyond Culture (1965).
Edward Lawrie Tatum, 65. U.S. geneticist. Dr. Tatum and George Beadle shared part of the 1958 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discovery that genes act by regulating definite chemical events."
30 years ago
Died on this date
Spencer W. Kimball, 90. U.S. religious leader. Mr. Kimball was the 12th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1973 until his death. During his time as President (in 1978), the ban on Negroes entering the Mormon priesthood or receiving temple ordinances was lifted. Mr. Kimball was succeeded as President by former U.S. Agriculture Secretary Ezra Taft Benson.
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz concluded two days of talks in Moscow, with no apparent progress on issues dividing the countries.
U.S. State Department officials interviewed Soviet defector-turned undefector Vitaly Yurchenko, and concluded that he wished to leave the United States of his own free will.
25 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Ihminen ei voi elää vetämättä--MC Nikke T
Died on this date
Meir Kahane, 58. U.S.-born Israeli religious and political leader. Rabbi Kahane, founder of the Jewish Defense League, moved to Israel in 1971 and was elected to the Knesset in 1984, where he advocated expulsion of Arabs from Israel and the occupied territories. He was shot dead in a Manhattan hotel after making a speech. The gunman, identified as El Sayyid A. Nossair, a Muslim Egyptian-born U.S. citizen, wounded a bystander and a policeman before being shot and wounded himself. He was indicted on November 20 on charges of second-degree murder and other charges.
20 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Knockin'--Double Vision (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.
André Dallaire, wielding a knife, broke into the official residence of Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien. He was thwarted when Mr. Chrétien's wife Aline locked the bedroom door.
Minnesota (0-2) 98 @ Vancouver (2-0) 100 (OT)
Byron Scott missed a shot in the final seconds of overtime, but Chris King grabbed the offensive rebound and made a layup field goal to give the Grizzlies their win over the Timberwolves before 19,193 fans at General Motors Place in the first regular season home game in franchise history. Minnesota's Christian Laettner led all scorers with 26 points, while Mr. Scott led Vancouver with 18 points.
South Division Semi-Final
Birmingham 9 @ San Antonio 52
North Division Semi-Final
British Columbia 15 @ Edmonton 26
Sean Fleming kicked 6 field goals and a convert as the Eskimos eliminated the defending Grey Cup champion Lions before 28,817 fans at Commonwealth Stadium on an occasionally-snowy Sunday afternoon. Eric Blount rushed for 97 yards on 18 carries and amassed 216 combined yards, including a 5-yard rush with 30 seconds left in the 1st quarter for the only Edmonton touchdown. Edmonton's Glenn Harper punted 44 yards for a single on the last play of the game. Jim Sandusky led the Eskimo receivers with 99 yards on 4 receptions. Darren Flutie caught 11 passes for 185 yards and both B.C. touchdowns. B.C. running back Cory Philpot rushed 13 times for 116 yards, caught 1 pass for 4 yards, and returned 2 kickoffs for 21 yards. B.C. kicker Lui Passaglia missed the convert attempt on Mr. Flutie's first touchdown; it was only the third missed convert attempt in his 20-year CFL career.
10 years ago
Died on this date
John Fowles, 79. U.K. author. Mr. Fowles was best known for his novels The Collector (1963); The Magus (1966); and The French Lieutenant's Woman (1969).
Link Wray, 76. U.S. musician. Mr. Wray was a guitarist who was best known for the single Rumble by Link Wray and his Ray Men, an instrumental that reached #16 on the Billboard pop chart in 1958.
Toronto (11-7) 17 @ Ottawa (7-11) 27
Saskatchewan (9-9) 13 @ British Columbia (12-6) 12
Josh Ranek rushed for 150 yards and quarterback Kerry Joseph rushed for 64 yards and a touchdown as the Renegades defeated the Argonauts before 16,504 fans at Frank Clair Stadium. It was the last game for Ottawa head coach Joe Paopao, who was fired after four seasons at the helm, along with his assistant coaches. It also turned out to be the last game for the Renegades in their four-year history; the franchise was suspended five months later.
Nealon Greene completed a 13-yard touchdown pass to Jason French with 1:39 remaining to give the Roughriders their win over the Lions before 38,847 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver.
Manitoba 24 @ Alberta 33
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22 hours ago