Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Hilary Wharf and Fermina Martinez!
325 years ago
Born on this date
Charles Theodore Pachelbel. German-born American composer. Mr. Pachelbel, the son of composer Johann Pachelbel, was an organist and harpsichordist. He emigrated to New England in 1733 before eventually moving to Charleston, South Carolina, where he lived until his death at the age of 59 on September 15, 1750. His Magnificat for double choir is among Mr. Pachelbel's few surviving compositions.
125 years ago
Died on this date
August Belmont, 76. German-born U.S. politician. Mr. Belmont was chairman of the Democratic National Committee in the 1860s. He established Belmont Park horse racing course on Long Island in New York, and the Belmont Stakes is named after him. Mr. Belmont died two weeks before his 77th birthday.
80 years ago
Politics and government
The Senegalese Socialist Party held its second congress.
75 years ago
On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Three Students
Died on this date
James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, 69. Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, 1921-1940. Lord Craigavon, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party, held several positions in the British government before taking office as Northern Ireland's first Prime Minister, holding the office until his death from natural causes. He was succeeded as Prime Minister by John Miller Andrews.
The First Slovak Republic became a signatory to the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers. The U.S. Maritime Commission announced that it had awarded contracts for 179 ships as of November 1, 1940 in its 10-year program to rehabilitate the U.S. merchant marine with 500 new vessels.
25,000 Cuban workers demanded that President Fulgencio Batista accord the Confederation of Cuban Workers legal status in the new constitution.
Economics and finance
The U.S. Justice Department's antitrust division announced a nationwide investigation into the control of food prices.
Record rains flooded east central Texas, while ice destroyed communication lines in the isolated Texas Panhandle.
The Canadian Rugby Union announced that the 1940 Grey Cup would be a 2-game total points series between the Ottawa Rough Riders, champions of the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union, and Toronto Balmy Beach, champions of the Ontario Rugby Football Union. The defending Grey Cup champion Winnipeg Blue Bombers had repeated as champions of the Western Interprovincial Football Union, but the WIFU refused to abandon its rule on interference, which was not approved by the CRU. The WIFU allowed players to block for a teammate up to 10 yards downfield, while the CRU allowed interference for only 3 yards downfield. The first game of the 1940 Grey Cup would take place at Varsity Stadium on November 30, and the second game at Lansdowne Park in Ottawa on December 7. 20% of the net receipts were to be given to charity, split between the Canadian Red Cross and the St. John Ambulance Brigade. Needless to say, the Blue Bombers weren’t happy with the CRU’s ruling, nor were most Canadian football fans or writers.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It's Been a Long, Long Time--Harry James and his Orchestra
Nationalist Chinese forces captured Hulutao, their first Manchurian port. U.S. Army General Albert Wedemeyer reported that American troops who were in Manchuria to aid the Nationalists had with withdrawn at the request of the U.S.S.R.
The 51-nation United Nations Preparatory Commission met in London to arrange the first sessions of the General Assembly; Security Council; Economic and Social Council; Trusteeship Council; Secretariat; and International Court of Justice.
The U.S.A. and U.K. sent a note to the U.S.S.R. pointing out that it had violated the Tehran Declaration by not permitting Iranian forces into Azerbaijan.
Politics and government
Italian Prime Minister Ferruccio Parri resigned after three rightist parties--Christian Democrat, Democratic Labour, and Liberal--withdrew from his cabinet.
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) in Japan General Douglas MacArthur ordered the Japanese government to abolish the military's pension system and to impose a 100% war profits tax on all war industries, taxes of up to 100% in other industries, and a graduated capital tax of up to 70%.
Provisional Korean President Kim Koo arrived in Seoul "as a private citizen to cooperate" with American military authorities in establishing order in Korea.
Supporters of Argentine President Juan Peron raided Jewish quarters of Buenos Aires, assaulting several residents and smashing shop signs without police interference.
The U.S. Navy reported a "complete cure" for cholera through the proper use of blood plasma and sulfadiazine and saline solution.
50 years ago
On television tonight
Frank Sinatra: A Man and His Music, on NBC
This special with Mr. Sinatra was so successful that it led to two subsequent special broadcasts with Mr. Sinatra over the next two years.
Died on this date
Abdullah III, 70. Emir of Kuwait, 1950-1965. Abdullah III succeeded his cousin Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah as ruler of Kuwait. Abdullah III signed a treaty with the United Kingdom on June 19, 1961 that effectively ended Kuwait's status as a protectorate; Abdullah III is thus regarded as the founder of modern Kuwait. He died of a heart attack, and was succeeded on the throne by his half-brother Sabah III.
The Boston Red Sox released third baseman Frank Malzone, who had been with the team since 1955. In 11 seasons, Mr. Malzone batted .276 with 131 home runs and 716 runs batted in in 1,359 games, and played in five major league All-Star games. In 1965 he hit .239 with 3 homers and 34 RBIs in 106 games.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mamma Mia--ABBA (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ichigo Hakusho wo Mou Ichido--Bang Bang (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Femmes--Nathalie et Christine
Maryland Governor Marvin Mandel and five associates were indicted by a U.S. federal grand jury in Baltimore on charges of mail fraud, bribery, and racketeering. The grand jury charged that Mr. Mandel had used his official position to favour associates with insurance, real estate, and race track interests, with Mr. Mandel then allegedly sharing secretly in the profits.
U.S. President Gerald Ford expressed "complete confidence" in outspoken Ambassador to the United Nations Pat Moynihan following rumours that he was about to resign.
A fire that had grown from 12 acres to 14,000 acres in just one day roared into Los Angeles, burning out of control on a three-mile front, and threatening scores of homes. The fire had destroyed or damaged at least 13 homes the previous day. Scores of residents of Los Angeles and Glendale and in unincorporated territory along the foothills were evacuated. The fire had begun as a 12-acre brush fire that had been reported under control.
Pittsburgh (9-1) 32 @ Houston (7-3) 9
30 years ago
Died on this date
Big Joe Turner, 74. U.S. musician. Mr. Turner was a blues singer who influenced the development of rock and roll. His best-known hit singles were Honey Hush (1953); Shake, Rattle and Roll (1954); Flip, Flop and Fly (1955); and Corrine, Corrina (1956). Mr. Turner was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1983 and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987.
The previous day’s hijacking of an Egyptian airliner by Arab terrorists concluded with a raid by an Egyptian army anti-terrorist unit. The plane had made an emergency landing at Malta the previous day. The commandos arrived there, and after dark about 25 commandos blew open the rear cargo door and entered the plane. A gun battle ensued and 57 people died, mainly from smoke inhalation from the resulting fire. One hijacker, a Tunisian, survived. Egyptian officials said that Libyan dictator Colonel Muammar Gaddafi was behind the hijacking, and Egypt declared a state of emergency along its border with Libya.
Grey Cup @ Olympic Stadium, Montreal
British Columbia 37 Hamilton 24
B.C. quarterback Roy Dewalt completed just 14 of 28 passes, but the completions went for 394 yards and 3 touchdowns as he led the Lions to their second Grey Cup win, and their first in 21 years. The Lions got off to a fast start when Mr. Dewalt connected with Ned Armour for an 84-yard touchdown 5:16 into the game. Lui Passaglia converted and added a 44-yard field goal later in the 1st quarter and a 20-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter to give B.C. a 13-0 lead. The Tiger-Cats came back with a 35-yard touchdown pass from Ken Hobart to Ron Ingram at 6:57 and a 1-yard touchdown rush by Johnny Shepherd, set up by a 61-yard run by Mr. Hobart, at 13:00. Bernie Ruoff’s second convert of the game gave Hamilton a short-lived 14-13 lead. The Hamilton defense forced the Lions to punt, but Mr. Passaglia escaped the Tiger-Cat rush and ran for 13 yards and a first down. Mr. Dewalt then completed a 59-yard touchdown pass to Mr. Armour with 1:20 remaining. Mr. Passaglia converted, and when the Lions forced the Tiger-Cats to punt and then moved the ball into field goal range, connected from 24 yards with 5 seconds remaining to give the Lions a 23-14 halftime lead. Mr. Passaglia kicked his fourth field goal of the game, from 37 yards, at 9:59 of the 3rd quarter to make the score 26-14, and added his fifth just 9 seconds into the 4th quarter, a 27-yard kick that gave the Lions a 29-14 lead. Mr. Ruoff kicked a 21-yard field goal at 3:49 to make the score 29-17, but the Lions put the game away less than 3 minutes late when Mr. Dewalt completed a 66-yard touchdown pass to Jim Sandusky, converted by Mr. Passaglia at 6:34. The Tiger-Cats didn’t quit, and Mr. Hobart connected on a 12-yard touchdown pass to Steve Stapler at 9:27; Mr. Ruoff’s convert reduced B.C.’s lead to 36-24. In the last minute, Mr. Passaglia attempted to equal Don Sweet’s 1977 record of 6 field goals in a Grey Cup, but his kick went wide for a single with 40 seconds remaining. Mr. Armour led all receivers with 151 yards on just 3 receptions; Mr. Sandusky caught 3 for 135, and John Pankratz of the Lions caught 3 for 79. Mr. Ingram led the Tiger-Cats with 107 yards on 3 receptions, and Mr. Stapler caught 5 for 55. Freddie Sims led the Lions on the ground with 98 yards on 19 carries. Mr. Hobart led the Tiger-Cats with 14 carries for 110 yards, while Mr. Shepherd carried 14 times for 88 yards, including a 22-yard gain on the game’s first play from scrimmage. Mr. Hobart injured a shoulder during the game when he was sacked, and completed just 10 of 32 passes for 174 yards and 2 interceptions. Backup Tom Porras relieved him late in the game and was 1 for 3 for 10 yards. Mr. Ruoff punted 12 times for a fine 46.3-yard average, while Mr. Passaglia averaged 41.5 yards on 11 punts. The Lions swept the individual awards: Mr. Dewalt was named the game’s outstanding offensive player, defensive end James Parker was the outstanding defensive player, and Mr. Passaglia was the outstanding Canadian. 56,723 were in attendance.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Silent Eve--Midori Karashima
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I'm Your Baby Tonight--Whitney Houston (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Cult of Snap--Snap! (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Verdammt, ich lieb' dich--Matthias Reim (5th week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Une femme avec une femme--Mecano (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Show Me Heaven--Maria McKee (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 More Than Words Can Say--Alias
3 Groove is in the Heart--Deee-Lite
4 I’m Your Baby Tonight--Whitney Houston
5 Something to Believe In--Poison
6 Because I Love You (The Postman Song)--Stevie B
7 From a Distance--Bette Midler
8 Pray--M.C. Hammer
9 Feels Good--Tony! Toni! Tone!
10 Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice
Singles entering the chart that week were Love Will Never Do (Without You) by Janet Jackson (#64); Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now) by C & C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams (#67); Disappear by INXS (#68); I Saw Red by Warrant (#72); You Gotta Love Someone by Elton John (#74); World in My Eyes by Depeche Mode (#75); I'm Free by Soup Dragons (#85); and The Ghetto by Too Short (#87).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 More than Words Can Say--Alias
2 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey
4 Suicide Blonde--INXS
5 So Close--Daryl Hall John Oates
6 Black Cat--Janet Jackson
7 Impulsive--Wilson Phillips
8 Something to Believe In--Poison
9 From a Distance--Bette Midler
10 Say a Prayer--Breathe
Singles entering the chart were Til I am Myself Again by Blue Rodeo (#48); Hang in Long Enough by Phil Collins (#66); Because I Love You (The Postman Song) by Stevie B (#75); Where Loneliness Lives by Mae Moore (#85); Life Could Be Worse by Barney Bentall (#87); Love that Never Dies by the Byrds (#88); Disappear by INXS (#90); The Road by the Alarm (#91); Hold Me Tender by Paul Janz (#94); and Miles Away by Winger (#95).
Died on this date
Fred Shero, 65. Canadian-born U.S. hockey player and coach. "Freddy the Fog" was a defenceman in various professional leagues from 1942-58; he played with the New York Rangers from 1947-50, scoring 6 goals and 14 assists in 145 regular season games and 2 assists in 13 playoff games. Mr. Shero then embarked on a coaching career, reaching the National Hockey League with the Philadelphia Flyers from 1971-78 and New York Rangers from 1978-80, compiling a regular season record of 390-225-119 and a playoff record of 62-47, leading the Flyers to Stanley Cup championships in 1973-74 and 1974-75. Mr. Shero was the first NHL coach to hire an assistant coach; employ systems for use against specific teams; use film in preparation; and adopt the practice of a morning skate. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2013.
Vanier Cup @ SkyDome, Toronto
Saskatchewan 24 St. Mary’s 21
In a battle of Huskies, the University of Saskatchewan Huskies held on to win their first national championship. Saskatchewan quarterback David Earl completed 16 of 25 passes for 244 yards and a touchdown and rushed 11 times for 44 yards and a touchdown, earning the Ted Morris Memorial Trophy as the game’s most valuable player. St. Mary’s quarterback Chris Flynn, winner of the Hec Crighton Trophy as the outstanding player in Canadian university football for 1990, completed 20 passes, 8 to Matt Nealon. Saskatchewan’s Duane Dmytryshyn set a Vanier Cup record with 105 yards on kickoff returns.
20 years ago
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (5th week at #1)
10 years ago
Died on this date
Pat Morita, 73. U.S. actor. Mr. Morita was best known for playing Arnold Takahashi on the television comedy series Happy Days (1975-76, 1982-83) and Kesuke Miyagi in the movie The Karate Kid (1984) and several sequels.
Images of snowshoes now on Flickr - Snowshoes distribute a person’s weight over snow, enabling one to walk without sinking too deeply. Traditional snowshoes are made with wooden frames and le...
19 hours ago