Monday, 23 November 2015

November 23, 2015

125 years ago

Died on this date
Willem III, 73
. King of the Netherlands, 1849-1890. Willem III succeeded his father Willem II on the throne. He died without a male heir, and the Dutch parliament had to pass a law to allow his 10-year-old daughter Wilhelmina to inherit the throne.

100 years ago

Born on this date
John Dehner
. U.S. actor. Mr. Dehner, born John Forkum, appeared in numerous radio and television programs and movies, especially westerns. He starred in the radio series Frontier Gentleman (1958) and Have Gun, Will Travel (1958-1960). Mr. Dehner died on February 4, 1992 at the age of 76.

80 years ago

At the movies
Double Exposure, a short film starring Bob Hope, Jules Epailly, and John Berkes, opened in theatres.

Sarnia 9 @ Toronto 1 (Sarnia won 2-game total points series 17-1)

For the defending Grey Cup champion Imperials, it was their fifth straight ORFU championship.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Only Forever--Bing Crosby (6th week at #1)

Chinese dispatches claimed that 20,000 Japanese troops were moving out of the Yangtze River valley to Shanghai, allegedly for transportation to Formosa, while Japan ordered mobilization of her naval reservists.

Romania became a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers. Brooklyn Navy Yard officials disclosed that six of the U.S. Navy's 72-mile-per-hour PT boats had been successfully tested off the New Jersey coast.

The new British Ambassador to the United States, the Marquess of Lothian, said that the United Kingdom was near the end of her fiscal resources and would need financial aid in 1941, but said that Britain "does not need men." U.S. Representative Hamilton Fish (Republican--New York) urged the United States to take possession of the British and French islands off the East coast and in the Caribbean region in payment of their war debts.

Politics and government
The United States Senate Steering Committee chose Sen. Walter George (Democrat--Georgia) as head of the Foreign Relations Committee.

U.S. Attorney General Robert Jackson stated that the Federal Bureau of Investigation had investigated the Vultee Aircraft strike in Downey, California, and that the investigation showed that Communist influenced had caused, and was prolonging, the strike.

The resolutions committee at the American Federation of Labor convention in New Orleans agreed to a proposal to curb union racketeers. Meanwhile, Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray announced plans for an intensive organization drive aimed especially at national defense industries.

Ottawa 8 @ Toronto 1 (Ottawa won 2-game total points series 20-2)

18,000 fans at Varsity Stadium saw the Argonauts score first on a single in the 1st quarter by Earl Selkirk, only to have the Rough Riders reply with a single by Sammy Sward. A bad snap by Cal Moore in the 2nd quarter went over the head of punter Jim Follwell into the Toronto end zone, where Mr. Sward recovered for an Ottawa touchdown. The convert attempt was unsuccessful. The only scoring of the 2nd half came on a single by Mr. Sward in the 3rd quarter.

Toronto 12 @ Sarnia 0 (Toronto won 2-game total points series 24-0)

Johnny Manson scored the game’s only touchdown on a 25-yard pass from Art Walker. Hugh Tunnicliffe converted and added a field goal, while Don Crowe also kicked a field goal. The win at Athletic Park marked the first time in 10 years that Balmy Beach had won the ORFU title. Sarnia Imperials won 9 straight championships from 1931-1939 before disbanding for the duration of World War II. Sarnia was represented in 1940 by the 2-26th Battery.

Calgary Bronks 35 @ Vancouver Bulldogs 11

University of Michigan halfback Tom Harmon scored 3 touchdowns against the Ohio State University Buckeyes to increase his three-year scoring record to 33 touchdowns, breaking the record of 31 set by Red Grange of the University of Illinois in the 1920s.

70 years ago

In their drive on Mukden, Nationalist Chinese troops advanced 35 miles, and surrounded Communist-held Chinhsien in Manchuria.

Former U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull told the U.S. Senate committee investigating the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii that on November 7, 1941 he had warned President Franklin D. Roosevelt that the nation should be prepared for a Japanese attack anytime and anyplace.

The U.S. State Department obtained confidential correspondence among Spanish Caudillo Generalissimo Francisco Franco, German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler, and Italian Duce Benito Mussolini revealing Spain's close collaboration with the Axis.

The U.S. State Department revealed that Uruguay had proposed collective intervention by American nations to curb "violation by any republic of the elementary rights of man."

Anti-British riots in Calcutta entered their third day in protest against the trial of Indian Army officers organized by the late Subhas Chandra Bose to help the Japanese during World War II.

Economics and finance
U.S. Agriculture Secretary Clinton Anderson announced the end of rationing of meats, fats and oils, canned fish, and other red-point foods, but said that sugar would probably have to remain under control into 1946.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Les Lavandières du Portugal--Jacqueline François (8th week at #1)

The Cocos Islands were transferred from the control of the United Kingdom to that of Australia.

50 years ago

On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Landscape with Running Figures: Part 2, with guest stars Barbara Rush and Herschel Bernardi

40 years ago

About 600 prisoners armed with homemade weapons seized 5 guards and held them hostage at Riker's Island jail in New York, while another 600 rebellious prisoners controlled three other cellblocks. By the next day, about 450 armed correction officers wearing bulletproof vests, riot helmets, and gas masks were on standby as Correction Commissioner Benjamin Malcolm and a team of four reporters negotiated with prisoner representatives a list of eight demands for improved conditions.

Grey Cup @ McMahon Stadium, Calgary
Edmonton 9 Montreal 8

Montreal kicker Don Sweet missed a 19-yard field goal attempt with 45 seconds remaining, and the resulting single point left the Alouettes 1 point behind as the Eskimos used up the clock and won the Grey Cup for the first time in 19 years. 32,454 fans sat through 14 F. (-10 C) weather that was made colder by a 15-miles-per-hour wind in the first Grey Cup since 1937 not to have a touchdown scored. Mr. Sweet kicked field goals of 34 and 47 yards to give the Alouettes a 6-0 lead after the 1st quarter. Dave Cutler's 41-yard FG got the Eskimos on the scoreboard in the 2nd quarter, and Mr. Sweet scored a single on a wide 31-yard field goal attempt to give Montreal a 7-3 halftime lead. Early in the 3rd quarter, the Alouettes had a third-down-and goal from the Edmonton 4-yard line; Johnny Rodgers dropped the ball, and although it bounced back into his hands, he was stopped short of the goal line. Mr. Cutler kicked a 25-yard field goal with 2:31 remaining in the 3rd quarter to make the score 7-6, and then recovered a fumble by Mr. Rodgers after he'd returned a punt 38 yards. Mr. Cutler kicked a 52-yard field goal on the last play of the quarter to give the Eskimos a 9-7 lead. The kick set a Grey Cup record for the longest field goal, breaking the record of 47 yards set in the 1st quarter by Mr. Sweet. With less than 5 minutes left in regulation time, the Alouettes elected to gamble again, on third down and a yard to go from the Edmonton 35-yard line, but fullback Steve Ferrughelli was stopped short. The Alouettes moved into position for Mr. Sweet's final field goal attempt when Sonny Wade, who had relieved starting quarterback Jimmy Jones in the 4th quarter, completed a pass to Larry Smith for 26 yards and then found Joe Petty wide open for 46 yards to the Edmonton 15-yard line before the Edmonton defense stiffened. Mr. Jones, holding for the placekicks, bobbled the snap in the cold weather and had trouble placing the ball upright, upsetting Mr. Sweet's timing. Mr. Ferrughelli, who rushed for 85 yards on 14 carries and caught 2 passes for 20 yards, was named the game's outstanding offensive player, while Montreal defensive back Lewis Cook, who intercepted a pass and returned it 3 yards, was named the outstanding defensive player. Mr. Cutler won the Dick Suderman Memrorial Trophy as the game's outstanding Canadian player. Mr. Jones completed 12 of 18 passes for 115 yards and an interception, while Mr. Wade was 3 for 3 for 68 yards. Tom Wilkinson started at quarterback for the Eskimos and was 10 for 18 for 105 yards, while Bruce Lemmerman, who played the 3rd quarter, was 5 for 11 for 60 yards and an interception. Edmonton split end George McGowan caught 9 passes for 98 yards, while Mr. Petty had 88 yards on just 3 receptions, and Mr. Smith caught 8 passes for 55 yards. Mr. Rodgers rushed 9 times for 34 ayrds and returned 7 punts for 72 yards. Roy Bell led the Edmonton rushing game with 11 carries for 46 yards; he had a 24-yard gain in the 4th quarter, but a few plays later, suffered a serious knee injury that shortened his career.

Baltimore (6-4) 33 @ Miami (7-3) 17
New England (3-7) 31 @ Buffalo (6-4) 45
St. Louis (8-2) 37 @ New York Jets (2-8) 6
Denver (4-6) 21 @ Atlanta (3-7) 35
San Francisco (5-5) 16 @ New Orleans (2-8) 6
Cincinnati (8-2) 23 @ Cleveland (1-9) 35
New York Giants (3-7) 14 Green Bay (2-8) 40 @ Milwaukee
Detroit (6-4) 21 @ Kansas City (5-5) 24 (OT)
San Diego (0-10) 13 @ Minnesota (10-0) 28
Philadelphia (2-8) 17 @ Dallas (7-3) 27
Oakland (8-2) 26 @ Washington (6-4) 23 (OT)
Chicago (2-8) 10 @ Los Angeles (8-2) 38

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Election Day--Arcadia

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Only Love--Nana Mouskouri (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (I'll Never Be) Maria Magdalena--Sandra (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): A Good Heart--Feargal Sharkey

#1 single in the U.K.: A Good Heart--Feargal Sharkey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): We Built This City--Starship (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 We Built This City--Starship (2nd week at #1)
2 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin
3 You Belong to the City--Glenn Frey
4 Miami Vice Theme--Jan Hammer
5 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister
6 Head Over Heels--Tears for Fears
7 Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
8 Take on Me--A-Ha
9 Never--Heart
10 Lay Your Hands On Me--Thompson Twins

Singles entering the chart were It's Only Love by Bryan Adams and Tina Turner (#55); Spies Like Us by Paul McCartney (#57); Go Home by Stevie Wonder (#61); Sex as a Weapon by Pat Benatar (#64); Everything Must Change by Paul Young (#86); Discipline of Love (Why Did You Do It) by Robert Palmer (#87); This Time by INXS (#89); and Love Grammar by John Parr (#90). Spies Like Us was the title song of the movie.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin
2 Oh Sheila--Ready for the World
3 Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
4 We Built This City--Starship
5 Cherish--Kool & The Gang
6 You Belong to the City--Glenn Frey
7 Alive and Kicking--Simple Minds
8 Lay Your Hands on Me--Thompson Twins
9 Saving All My Love for You--Whitney Houston
10 Miami Vice Theme--Jan Hammer

Singles entering the chart were Spies Like Us by Paul McCartney (#70); Sex as a Weapon by Pat Benatar (#73); Talk to Me by Stevie Nicks (#78); You're a Friend of Mine by Clarence Clemons (#83); Dangerous by Loverboy (#91); and Me and the Boys by Matt Minglewood (#96).

Three to five Arab gunmen, claiming to belong to a group called Egypt's Revolution, seized EgyptAir Flight 648 en route from Athens to Cairo. The Boeing 737 was the same plane that U.S. warplanes had intercepted in October when it carried Palestinians who had seized the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro. After the gunmen took over the plane, one of them was killed in a shootout with a security guard. Bullets piercing the fuselage depressurized the cabin, and the plane made an emergency landing in Malta. The hijackers, who did not make their demands clear, freed 11 women, but two Israelis and three Americans were shot and thrown from the plane; one Israeli and one American were wounded fatally.

A retired U.S. Central Intelligence Agency analyst named Larry Wu-Tai Chin was charged with providing China with secret documents.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Sadeness (Part I)--Enigma (3rd week at #1)

At the movies
Mr. & Mrs. Bridge, directed by James Ivory and starring Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Roald Dahl, 74
. U.K. author. Mr. Dahl was known for works of fiction for both children and adults. His books included James and the Giant Peach (1961); Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1964); and Tales of the Unexpected (1979).

Bo Díaz, 37. Venezuelan baseball player. Mr. Díaz was a catcher with the Boston Red Sox (1977); Cleveland Indians (1978-1981); Philadelphia Phillies (1982-1985); and Cincinnati Reds (1985-1989), batting .255 with 87 home runs and 452 runs batted in in 993 games. He was killed at his home in Caracas when the satellite dish that he was adjusting on the roof fell on him and crushed him. Mr. Díaz was inducted into the Venezuelan Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006.

Politics and government
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, at a press conference, gave more details of the union treaty that would replace the treaty adopted in 1922 that created the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The U.S.S.R. would be renamed the Union of Soviet Sovereign Republics, with the word Socialist dropped from the title. In a powerful executive branch, the president and vice-president would be elected directly by the people. The central government would be given complete control over such key areas as the military and security forces, foreign policy, and foreign economic activity. The office of premier would be retained. The republics were declared to be "sovereign states" with "full authority" over their own territory, and each would be permitted to determine its own government and forms of property and economic system. The treaty declared, however, that the central government’s laws would take precedence over resolutions passed in individual republics proclaiming the supremacy of their own laws. The treaty made no provision for secession by republics. The three Baltic republics and Georgia had already said they would not sign the treaty and would seek independence unilaterally.

The government of Bulgarian Premier Andrei Lukanov survived a non-confidence vote in parliament.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Beatles Anthology: Part III, on ABC

Died on this date
Junior Walker, 64
. U.S. musician. Mr. Walker, born Autry DeWalt Mixon, Jr., was a saxophonist and singer who achieved success as the leader of Jr. Walker & the All Stars, one of the stable of artist with Motown Corporation in the 1960s and '70s. Their biggest hit singles were Shotgun (1965) and What Does it Take (To Win Your Love) (1969), both of which reached #1 on the Billboard rhythm and blues chart and #4 on the Hot 100 chart.

Louis Malle, 63. French film director. Mr. Malle was known for movies such as Le Monde du silence (The Silent World) (1956); Lacombe Lucien (1974); Pretty Baby (1978); Atlantic City (1980); My Dinner with Andre (1981); and Au revoir les enfants (1987).

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien unveiled a unity plan that included giving Ontario, Quebec, the Atlantic region, and the West each a veto over constitutional change. It also contained a resolution recognizing Quebec as a distinct society with a distinct culture, language, and civil law tradition.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Constance Cummings, 95
. U.S.-born U.K. actress. Miss Cummings, born Constance Halverstadt, appeared in plays and films in the United States before moving to the United Kingdom. Her movies included American Madness (1932); Movie Crazy (1932); and Blithe Spirit (1945).

Frank Gatski, 84. U.S. football player. Mr. Gatski was a center with the Cleveland Browns (1946-1956) and Detroit Lions (1957), playing with four All-America Football Conference and four National Football League championship teams in his 12 seasons. He was inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1985.

Politics and government
Unity Party candidate Ellen Johnson Sirleaf won a runoff election for President of Liberia, becoming the first woman to lead an African country. She captured 59% of the vote to Congress for Democratic Change candidate George Weah.

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